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authorAlexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com>2014-11-13 17:36:46 -0800
committerDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>2014-11-18 13:43:59 -0500
commit28fbcfa08d8ed7c5a50d41a0433aad222835e8e3 (patch)
tree1ef9417be1eb51e76456b3f2dbaf080c48883c32 /kernel/bpf/arraymap.c
parent0f8e4bd8a1fc8c4185f1630061d0a1f2d197a475 (diff)
downloadlinux-sh-28fbcfa08d8ed7c5a50d41a0433aad222835e8e3.tar.gz
bpf: add array type of eBPF maps
add new map type BPF_MAP_TYPE_ARRAY and its implementation - optimized for fastest possible lookup() . in the future verifier/JIT may recognize lookup() with constant key and optimize it into constant pointer. Can optimize non-constant key into direct pointer arithmetic as well, since pointers and value_size are constant for the life of the eBPF program. In other words array_map_lookup_elem() may be 'inlined' by verifier/JIT while preserving concurrent access to this map from user space - two main use cases for array type: . 'global' eBPF variables: array of 1 element with key=0 and value is a collection of 'global' variables which programs can use to keep the state between events . aggregation of tracing events into fixed set of buckets - all array elements pre-allocated and zero initialized at init time - key as an index in array and can only be 4 byte - map_delete_elem() returns EINVAL, since elements cannot be deleted - map_update_elem() replaces elements in an non-atomic way (for atomic updates hashtable type should be used instead) Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel/bpf/arraymap.c')
-rw-r--r--kernel/bpf/arraymap.c151
1 files changed, 151 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/arraymap.c b/kernel/bpf/arraymap.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..58b80c137afd
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/bpf/arraymap.c
@@ -0,0 +1,151 @@
+/* Copyright (c) 2011-2014 PLUMgrid, http://plumgrid.com
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of version 2 of the GNU General Public
+ * License as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+ * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
+ * General Public License for more details.
+ */
+#include <linux/bpf.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+
+struct bpf_array {
+ struct bpf_map map;
+ u32 elem_size;
+ char value[0] __aligned(8);
+};
+
+/* Called from syscall */
+static struct bpf_map *array_map_alloc(union bpf_attr *attr)
+{
+ struct bpf_array *array;
+ u32 elem_size;
+
+ /* check sanity of attributes */
+ if (attr->max_entries == 0 || attr->key_size != 4 ||
+ attr->value_size == 0)
+ return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+
+ elem_size = round_up(attr->value_size, 8);
+
+ /* allocate all map elements and zero-initialize them */
+ array = kzalloc(sizeof(*array) + attr->max_entries * elem_size,
+ GFP_USER | __GFP_NOWARN);
+ if (!array) {
+ array = vzalloc(array->map.max_entries * array->elem_size);
+ if (!array)
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+ }
+
+ /* copy mandatory map attributes */
+ array->map.key_size = attr->key_size;
+ array->map.value_size = attr->value_size;
+ array->map.max_entries = attr->max_entries;
+
+ array->elem_size = elem_size;
+
+ return &array->map;
+
+}
+
+/* Called from syscall or from eBPF program */
+static void *array_map_lookup_elem(struct bpf_map *map, void *key)
+{
+ struct bpf_array *array = container_of(map, struct bpf_array, map);
+ u32 index = *(u32 *)key;
+
+ if (index >= array->map.max_entries)
+ return NULL;
+
+ return array->value + array->elem_size * index;
+}
+
+/* Called from syscall */
+static int array_map_get_next_key(struct bpf_map *map, void *key, void *next_key)
+{
+ struct bpf_array *array = container_of(map, struct bpf_array, map);
+ u32 index = *(u32 *)key;
+ u32 *next = (u32 *)next_key;
+
+ if (index >= array->map.max_entries) {
+ *next = 0;
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ if (index == array->map.max_entries - 1)
+ return -ENOENT;
+
+ *next = index + 1;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* Called from syscall or from eBPF program */
+static int array_map_update_elem(struct bpf_map *map, void *key, void *value,
+ u64 map_flags)
+{
+ struct bpf_array *array = container_of(map, struct bpf_array, map);
+ u32 index = *(u32 *)key;
+
+ if (map_flags > BPF_EXIST)
+ /* unknown flags */
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (index >= array->map.max_entries)
+ /* all elements were pre-allocated, cannot insert a new one */
+ return -E2BIG;
+
+ if (map_flags == BPF_NOEXIST)
+ /* all elemenets already exist */
+ return -EEXIST;
+
+ memcpy(array->value + array->elem_size * index, value, array->elem_size);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* Called from syscall or from eBPF program */
+static int array_map_delete_elem(struct bpf_map *map, void *key)
+{
+ return -EINVAL;
+}
+
+/* Called when map->refcnt goes to zero, either from workqueue or from syscall */
+static void array_map_free(struct bpf_map *map)
+{
+ struct bpf_array *array = container_of(map, struct bpf_array, map);
+
+ /* at this point bpf_prog->aux->refcnt == 0 and this map->refcnt == 0,
+ * so the programs (can be more than one that used this map) were
+ * disconnected from events. Wait for outstanding programs to complete
+ * and free the array
+ */
+ synchronize_rcu();
+
+ kvfree(array);
+}
+
+static struct bpf_map_ops array_ops = {
+ .map_alloc = array_map_alloc,
+ .map_free = array_map_free,
+ .map_get_next_key = array_map_get_next_key,
+ .map_lookup_elem = array_map_lookup_elem,
+ .map_update_elem = array_map_update_elem,
+ .map_delete_elem = array_map_delete_elem,
+};
+
+static struct bpf_map_type_list tl = {
+ .ops = &array_ops,
+ .type = BPF_MAP_TYPE_ARRAY,
+};
+
+static int __init register_array_map(void)
+{
+ bpf_register_map_type(&tl);
+ return 0;
+}
+late_initcall(register_array_map);