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authorAlexei Starovoitov <ast@fb.com>2016-02-01 22:39:54 -0800
committerDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>2016-02-06 03:34:36 -0500
commita10423b87a7eae75da79ce80a8d9475047a674ee (patch)
tree2a8296c94fc90056e7a8d2b2dd3b31d4d3d73d5b /kernel/bpf
parent824bd0ce6c7c43a9e1e210abf124958e54d88342 (diff)
downloadlinux-sh-a10423b87a7eae75da79ce80a8d9475047a674ee.tar.gz
bpf: introduce BPF_MAP_TYPE_PERCPU_ARRAY map
Primary use case is a histogram array of latency where bpf program computes the latency of block requests or other events and stores histogram of latency into array of 64 elements. All cpus are constantly running, so normal increment is not accurate, bpf_xadd causes cache ping-pong and this per-cpu approach allows fastest collision-free counters. Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel/bpf')
-rw-r--r--kernel/bpf/arraymap.c102
1 files changed, 91 insertions, 11 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/arraymap.c b/kernel/bpf/arraymap.c
index 89ebbc4d1164..b9bf1d7949ca 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/arraymap.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/arraymap.c
@@ -17,11 +17,39 @@
#include <linux/filter.h>
#include <linux/perf_event.h>
+static void bpf_array_free_percpu(struct bpf_array *array)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < array->map.max_entries; i++)
+ free_percpu(array->pptrs[i]);
+}
+
+static int bpf_array_alloc_percpu(struct bpf_array *array)
+{
+ void __percpu *ptr;
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < array->map.max_entries; i++) {
+ ptr = __alloc_percpu_gfp(array->elem_size, 8,
+ GFP_USER | __GFP_NOWARN);
+ if (!ptr) {
+ bpf_array_free_percpu(array);
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+ array->pptrs[i] = ptr;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
/* Called from syscall */
static struct bpf_map *array_map_alloc(union bpf_attr *attr)
{
+ bool percpu = attr->map_type == BPF_MAP_TYPE_PERCPU_ARRAY;
struct bpf_array *array;
- u32 elem_size, array_size;
+ u64 array_size;
+ u32 elem_size;
/* check sanity of attributes */
if (attr->max_entries == 0 || attr->key_size != 4 ||
@@ -36,12 +64,16 @@ static struct bpf_map *array_map_alloc(union bpf_attr *attr)
elem_size = round_up(attr->value_size, 8);
- /* check round_up into zero and u32 overflow */
- if (elem_size == 0 ||
- attr->max_entries > (U32_MAX - PAGE_SIZE - sizeof(*array)) / elem_size)
+ array_size = sizeof(*array);
+ if (percpu)
+ array_size += (u64) attr->max_entries * sizeof(void *);
+ else
+ array_size += (u64) attr->max_entries * elem_size;
+
+ /* make sure there is no u32 overflow later in round_up() */
+ if (array_size >= U32_MAX - PAGE_SIZE)
return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
- array_size = sizeof(*array) + attr->max_entries * elem_size;
/* allocate all map elements and zero-initialize them */
array = kzalloc(array_size, GFP_USER | __GFP_NOWARN);
@@ -52,12 +84,25 @@ static struct bpf_map *array_map_alloc(union bpf_attr *attr)
}
/* copy mandatory map attributes */
+ array->map.map_type = attr->map_type;
array->map.key_size = attr->key_size;
array->map.value_size = attr->value_size;
array->map.max_entries = attr->max_entries;
- array->map.pages = round_up(array_size, PAGE_SIZE) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
array->elem_size = elem_size;
+ if (!percpu)
+ goto out;
+
+ array_size += (u64) attr->max_entries * elem_size * num_possible_cpus();
+
+ if (array_size >= U32_MAX - PAGE_SIZE ||
+ elem_size > PCPU_MIN_UNIT_SIZE || bpf_array_alloc_percpu(array)) {
+ kvfree(array);
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+ }
+out:
+ array->map.pages = round_up(array_size, PAGE_SIZE) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+
return &array->map;
}
@@ -67,12 +112,24 @@ static void *array_map_lookup_elem(struct bpf_map *map, void *key)
struct bpf_array *array = container_of(map, struct bpf_array, map);
u32 index = *(u32 *)key;
- if (index >= array->map.max_entries)
+ if (unlikely(index >= array->map.max_entries))
return NULL;
return array->value + array->elem_size * index;
}
+/* Called from eBPF program */
+static void *percpu_array_map_lookup_elem(struct bpf_map *map, void *key)
+{
+ struct bpf_array *array = container_of(map, struct bpf_array, map);
+ u32 index = *(u32 *)key;
+
+ if (unlikely(index >= array->map.max_entries))
+ return NULL;
+
+ return this_cpu_ptr(array->pptrs[index]);
+}
+
/* Called from syscall */
static int array_map_get_next_key(struct bpf_map *map, void *key, void *next_key)
{
@@ -99,19 +156,24 @@ static int array_map_update_elem(struct bpf_map *map, void *key, void *value,
struct bpf_array *array = container_of(map, struct bpf_array, map);
u32 index = *(u32 *)key;
- if (map_flags > BPF_EXIST)
+ if (unlikely(map_flags > BPF_EXIST))
/* unknown flags */
return -EINVAL;
- if (index >= array->map.max_entries)
+ if (unlikely(index >= array->map.max_entries))
/* all elements were pre-allocated, cannot insert a new one */
return -E2BIG;
- if (map_flags == BPF_NOEXIST)
+ if (unlikely(map_flags == BPF_NOEXIST))
/* all elements already exist */
return -EEXIST;
- memcpy(array->value + array->elem_size * index, value, map->value_size);
+ if (array->map.map_type == BPF_MAP_TYPE_PERCPU_ARRAY)
+ memcpy(this_cpu_ptr(array->pptrs[index]),
+ value, map->value_size);
+ else
+ memcpy(array->value + array->elem_size * index,
+ value, map->value_size);
return 0;
}
@@ -133,6 +195,9 @@ static void array_map_free(struct bpf_map *map)
*/
synchronize_rcu();
+ if (array->map.map_type == BPF_MAP_TYPE_PERCPU_ARRAY)
+ bpf_array_free_percpu(array);
+
kvfree(array);
}
@@ -150,9 +215,24 @@ static struct bpf_map_type_list array_type __read_mostly = {
.type = BPF_MAP_TYPE_ARRAY,
};
+static const struct bpf_map_ops percpu_array_ops = {
+ .map_alloc = array_map_alloc,
+ .map_free = array_map_free,
+ .map_get_next_key = array_map_get_next_key,
+ .map_lookup_elem = percpu_array_map_lookup_elem,
+ .map_update_elem = array_map_update_elem,
+ .map_delete_elem = array_map_delete_elem,
+};
+
+static struct bpf_map_type_list percpu_array_type __read_mostly = {
+ .ops = &percpu_array_ops,
+ .type = BPF_MAP_TYPE_PERCPU_ARRAY,
+};
+
static int __init register_array_map(void)
{
bpf_register_map_type(&array_type);
+ bpf_register_map_type(&percpu_array_type);
return 0;
}
late_initcall(register_array_map);