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authorPeter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>2010-10-14 14:01:34 +0800
committerIngo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>2010-10-18 19:58:50 +0200
commite360adbe29241a0194e10e20595360dd7b98a2b3 (patch)
treeef5fa5f50a895096bfb25bc11b25949603158238 /kernel/irq_work.c
parent8e5fc1a7320baf6076391607515dceb61319b36a (diff)
downloadlinux-sh-e360adbe29241a0194e10e20595360dd7b98a2b3.tar.gz
irq_work: Add generic hardirq context callbacks
Provide a mechanism that allows running code in IRQ context. It is most useful for NMI code that needs to interact with the rest of the system -- like wakeup a task to drain buffers. Perf currently has such a mechanism, so extract that and provide it as a generic feature, independent of perf so that others may also benefit. The IRQ context callback is generated through self-IPIs where possible, or on architectures like powerpc the decrementer (the built-in timer facility) is set to generate an interrupt immediately. Architectures that don't have anything like this get to do with a callback from the timer tick. These architectures can call irq_work_run() at the tail of any IRQ handlers that might enqueue such work (like the perf IRQ handler) to avoid undue latencies in processing the work. Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Acked-by: Kyle McMartin <kyle@mcmartin.ca> Acked-by: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> [ various fixes ] Signed-off-by: Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com> LKML-Reference: <1287036094.7768.291.camel@yhuang-dev> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel/irq_work.c')
-rw-r--r--kernel/irq_work.c164
1 files changed, 164 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/irq_work.c b/kernel/irq_work.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..f16763ff8481
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/irq_work.c
@@ -0,0 +1,164 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2010 Red Hat, Inc., Peter Zijlstra <pzijlstr@redhat.com>
+ *
+ * Provides a framework for enqueueing and running callbacks from hardirq
+ * context. The enqueueing is NMI-safe.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/irq_work.h>
+#include <linux/hardirq.h>
+
+/*
+ * An entry can be in one of four states:
+ *
+ * free NULL, 0 -> {claimed} : free to be used
+ * claimed NULL, 3 -> {pending} : claimed to be enqueued
+ * pending next, 3 -> {busy} : queued, pending callback
+ * busy NULL, 2 -> {free, claimed} : callback in progress, can be claimed
+ *
+ * We use the lower two bits of the next pointer to keep PENDING and BUSY
+ * flags.
+ */
+
+#define IRQ_WORK_PENDING 1UL
+#define IRQ_WORK_BUSY 2UL
+#define IRQ_WORK_FLAGS 3UL
+
+static inline bool irq_work_is_set(struct irq_work *entry, int flags)
+{
+ return (unsigned long)entry->next & flags;
+}
+
+static inline struct irq_work *irq_work_next(struct irq_work *entry)
+{
+ unsigned long next = (unsigned long)entry->next;
+ next &= ~IRQ_WORK_FLAGS;
+ return (struct irq_work *)next;
+}
+
+static inline struct irq_work *next_flags(struct irq_work *entry, int flags)
+{
+ unsigned long next = (unsigned long)entry;
+ next |= flags;
+ return (struct irq_work *)next;
+}
+
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct irq_work *, irq_work_list);
+
+/*
+ * Claim the entry so that no one else will poke at it.
+ */
+static bool irq_work_claim(struct irq_work *entry)
+{
+ struct irq_work *next, *nflags;
+
+ do {
+ next = entry->next;
+ if ((unsigned long)next & IRQ_WORK_PENDING)
+ return false;
+ nflags = next_flags(next, IRQ_WORK_FLAGS);
+ } while (cmpxchg(&entry->next, next, nflags) != next);
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+
+void __weak arch_irq_work_raise(void)
+{
+ /*
+ * Lame architectures will get the timer tick callback
+ */
+}
+
+/*
+ * Queue the entry and raise the IPI if needed.
+ */
+static void __irq_work_queue(struct irq_work *entry)
+{
+ struct irq_work **head, *next;
+
+ head = &get_cpu_var(irq_work_list);
+
+ do {
+ next = *head;
+ /* Can assign non-atomic because we keep the flags set. */
+ entry->next = next_flags(next, IRQ_WORK_FLAGS);
+ } while (cmpxchg(head, next, entry) != next);
+
+ /* The list was empty, raise self-interrupt to start processing. */
+ if (!irq_work_next(entry))
+ arch_irq_work_raise();
+
+ put_cpu_var(irq_work_list);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Enqueue the irq_work @entry, returns true on success, failure when the
+ * @entry was already enqueued by someone else.
+ *
+ * Can be re-enqueued while the callback is still in progress.
+ */
+bool irq_work_queue(struct irq_work *entry)
+{
+ if (!irq_work_claim(entry)) {
+ /*
+ * Already enqueued, can't do!
+ */
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ __irq_work_queue(entry);
+ return true;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(irq_work_queue);
+
+/*
+ * Run the irq_work entries on this cpu. Requires to be ran from hardirq
+ * context with local IRQs disabled.
+ */
+void irq_work_run(void)
+{
+ struct irq_work *list, **head;
+
+ head = &__get_cpu_var(irq_work_list);
+ if (*head == NULL)
+ return;
+
+ BUG_ON(!in_irq());
+ BUG_ON(!irqs_disabled());
+
+ list = xchg(head, NULL);
+ while (list != NULL) {
+ struct irq_work *entry = list;
+
+ list = irq_work_next(list);
+
+ /*
+ * Clear the PENDING bit, after this point the @entry
+ * can be re-used.
+ */
+ entry->next = next_flags(NULL, IRQ_WORK_BUSY);
+ entry->func(entry);
+ /*
+ * Clear the BUSY bit and return to the free state if
+ * no-one else claimed it meanwhile.
+ */
+ cmpxchg(&entry->next, next_flags(NULL, IRQ_WORK_BUSY), NULL);
+ }
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(irq_work_run);
+
+/*
+ * Synchronize against the irq_work @entry, ensures the entry is not
+ * currently in use.
+ */
+void irq_work_sync(struct irq_work *entry)
+{
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(irqs_disabled());
+
+ while (irq_work_is_set(entry, IRQ_WORK_BUSY))
+ cpu_relax();
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(irq_work_sync);