summaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
path: root/tools
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2016-03-20 18:23:21 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2016-03-20 18:23:21 -0700
commit26660a4046b171a752e72a1dd32153230234fe3a (patch)
tree1389db3db2130e1082250fa0ab1e8684f7e31f39 /tools
parent46e595a17dcf11404f713845ecb5b06b92a94e43 (diff)
parent1bcb58a099938c33acda78b212ed67b06b3359ef (diff)
downloadlinux-sh-26660a4046b171a752e72a1dd32153230234fe3a.tar.gz
Merge branch 'core-objtool-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip
Pull 'objtool' stack frame validation from Ingo Molnar: "This tree adds a new kernel build-time object file validation feature (ONFIG_STACK_VALIDATION=y): kernel stack frame correctness validation. It was written by and is maintained by Josh Poimboeuf. The motivation: there's a category of hard to find kernel bugs, most of them in assembly code (but also occasionally in C code), that degrades the quality of kernel stack dumps/backtraces. These bugs are hard to detect at the source code level. Such bugs result in incorrect/incomplete backtraces most of time - but can also in some rare cases result in crashes or other undefined behavior. The build time correctness checking is done via the new 'objtool' user-space utility that was written for this purpose and which is hosted in the kernel repository in tools/objtool/. The tool's (very simple) UI and source code design is shaped after Git and perf and shares quite a bit of infrastructure with tools/perf (which tooling infrastructure sharing effort got merged via perf and is already upstream). Objtool follows the well-known kernel coding style. Objtool does not try to check .c or .S files, it instead analyzes the resulting .o generated machine code from first principles: it decodes the instruction stream and interprets it. (Right now objtool supports the x86-64 architecture.) From tools/objtool/Documentation/stack-validation.txt: "The kernel CONFIG_STACK_VALIDATION option enables a host tool named objtool which runs at compile time. It has a "check" subcommand which analyzes every .o file and ensures the validity of its stack metadata. It enforces a set of rules on asm code and C inline assembly code so that stack traces can be reliable. Currently it only checks frame pointer usage, but there are plans to add CFI validation for C files and CFI generation for asm files. For each function, it recursively follows all possible code paths and validates the correct frame pointer state at each instruction. It also follows code paths involving special sections, like .altinstructions, __jump_table, and __ex_table, which can add alternative execution paths to a given instruction (or set of instructions). Similarly, it knows how to follow switch statements, for which gcc sometimes uses jump tables." When this new kernel option is enabled (it's disabled by default), the tool, if it finds any suspicious assembly code pattern, outputs warnings in compiler warning format: warning: objtool: rtlwifi_rate_mapping()+0x2e7: frame pointer state mismatch warning: objtool: cik_tiling_mode_table_init()+0x6ce: call without frame pointer save/setup warning: objtool:__schedule()+0x3c0: duplicate frame pointer save warning: objtool:__schedule()+0x3fd: sibling call from callable instruction with changed frame pointer ... so that scripts that pick up compiler warnings will notice them. All known warnings triggered by the tool are fixed by the tree, most of the commits in fact prepare the kernel to be warning-free. Most of them are bugfixes or cleanups that stand on their own, but there are also some annotations of 'special' stack frames for justified cases such entries to JIT-ed code (BPF) or really special boot time code. There are two other long-term motivations behind this tool as well: - To improve the quality and reliability of kernel stack frames, so that they can be used for optimized live patching. - To create independent infrastructure to check the correctness of CFI stack frames at build time. CFI debuginfo is notoriously unreliable and we cannot use it in the kernel as-is without extra checking done both on the kernel side and on the build side. The quality of kernel stack frames matters to debuggability as well, so IMO we can merge this without having to consider the live patching or CFI debuginfo angle" * 'core-objtool-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: (52 commits) objtool: Only print one warning per function objtool: Add several performance improvements tools: Copy hashtable.h into tools directory objtool: Fix false positive warnings for functions with multiple switch statements objtool: Rename some variables and functions objtool: Remove superflous INIT_LIST_HEAD objtool: Add helper macros for traversing instructions objtool: Fix false positive warnings related to sibling calls objtool: Compile with debugging symbols objtool: Detect infinite recursion objtool: Prevent infinite recursion in noreturn detection objtool: Detect and warn if libelf is missing and don't break the build tools: Support relative directory path for 'O=' objtool: Support CROSS_COMPILE x86/asm/decoder: Use explicitly signed chars objtool: Enable stack metadata validation on 64-bit x86 objtool: Add CONFIG_STACK_VALIDATION option objtool: Add tool to perform compile-time stack metadata validation x86/kprobes: Mark kretprobe_trampoline() stack frame as non-standard sched: Always inline context_switch() ...
Diffstat (limited to 'tools')
-rw-r--r--tools/Makefile13
-rw-r--r--tools/include/asm-generic/bitops/__fls.h2
-rw-r--r--tools/include/asm-generic/bitops/fls.h2
-rw-r--r--tools/include/asm-generic/bitops/fls64.h2
-rw-r--r--tools/include/linux/hashtable.h152
-rw-r--r--tools/lib/subcmd/Makefile6
-rw-r--r--tools/objtool/.gitignore2
-rw-r--r--tools/objtool/Build13
-rw-r--r--tools/objtool/Documentation/stack-validation.txt342
-rw-r--r--tools/objtool/Makefile63
-rw-r--r--tools/objtool/arch.h44
-rw-r--r--tools/objtool/arch/x86/Build12
-rw-r--r--tools/objtool/arch/x86/decode.c172
-rw-r--r--tools/objtool/arch/x86/insn/gen-insn-attr-x86.awk387
-rw-r--r--tools/objtool/arch/x86/insn/inat.c97
-rw-r--r--tools/objtool/arch/x86/insn/inat.h221
-rw-r--r--tools/objtool/arch/x86/insn/inat_types.h29
-rw-r--r--tools/objtool/arch/x86/insn/insn.c594
-rw-r--r--tools/objtool/arch/x86/insn/insn.h201
-rw-r--r--tools/objtool/arch/x86/insn/x86-opcode-map.txt984
-rw-r--r--tools/objtool/builtin-check.c1159
-rw-r--r--tools/objtool/builtin.h22
-rw-r--r--tools/objtool/elf.c412
-rw-r--r--tools/objtool/elf.h85
-rw-r--r--tools/objtool/objtool.c136
-rw-r--r--tools/objtool/special.c193
-rw-r--r--tools/objtool/special.h42
-rw-r--r--tools/objtool/warn.h60
-rw-r--r--tools/perf/util/intel-pt-decoder/insn.c6
29 files changed, 5439 insertions, 14 deletions
diff --git a/tools/Makefile b/tools/Makefile
index f41e7c6ea23e..60c7e6c8ff17 100644
--- a/tools/Makefile
+++ b/tools/Makefile
@@ -21,6 +21,7 @@ help:
@echo ' perf - Linux performance measurement and analysis tool'
@echo ' selftests - various kernel selftests'
@echo ' spi - spi tools'
+ @echo ' objtool - an ELF object analysis tool'
@echo ' tmon - thermal monitoring and tuning tool'
@echo ' turbostat - Intel CPU idle stats and freq reporting tool'
@echo ' usb - USB testing tools'
@@ -54,7 +55,7 @@ acpi: FORCE
cpupower: FORCE
$(call descend,power/$@)
-cgroup firewire hv guest spi usb virtio vm net iio gpio: FORCE
+cgroup firewire hv guest spi usb virtio vm net iio gpio objtool: FORCE
$(call descend,$@)
liblockdep: FORCE
@@ -86,7 +87,7 @@ freefall: FORCE
all: acpi cgroup cpupower hv firewire lguest \
perf selftests turbostat usb \
virtio vm net x86_energy_perf_policy \
- tmon freefall
+ tmon freefall objtool
acpi_install:
$(call descend,power/$(@:_install=),install)
@@ -94,7 +95,7 @@ acpi_install:
cpupower_install:
$(call descend,power/$(@:_install=),install)
-cgroup_install firewire_install hv_install lguest_install perf_install usb_install virtio_install vm_install net_install:
+cgroup_install firewire_install hv_install lguest_install perf_install usb_install virtio_install vm_install net_install objtool_install:
$(call descend,$(@:_install=),install)
selftests_install:
@@ -112,7 +113,7 @@ freefall_install:
install: acpi_install cgroup_install cpupower_install hv_install firewire_install lguest_install \
perf_install selftests_install turbostat_install usb_install \
virtio_install vm_install net_install x86_energy_perf_policy_install \
- tmon_install freefall_install
+ tmon_install freefall_install objtool_install
acpi_clean:
$(call descend,power/acpi,clean)
@@ -120,7 +121,7 @@ acpi_clean:
cpupower_clean:
$(call descend,power/cpupower,clean)
-cgroup_clean hv_clean firewire_clean lguest_clean spi_clean usb_clean virtio_clean vm_clean net_clean iio_clean gpio_clean:
+cgroup_clean hv_clean firewire_clean lguest_clean spi_clean usb_clean virtio_clean vm_clean net_clean iio_clean gpio_clean objtool_clean:
$(call descend,$(@:_clean=),clean)
liblockdep_clean:
@@ -157,6 +158,6 @@ clean: acpi_clean cgroup_clean cpupower_clean hv_clean firewire_clean lguest_cle
perf_clean selftests_clean turbostat_clean spi_clean usb_clean virtio_clean \
vm_clean net_clean iio_clean x86_energy_perf_policy_clean tmon_clean \
freefall_clean build_clean libbpf_clean libsubcmd_clean liblockdep_clean \
- gpio_clean
+ gpio_clean objtool_clean
.PHONY: FORCE
diff --git a/tools/include/asm-generic/bitops/__fls.h b/tools/include/asm-generic/bitops/__fls.h
index 2218b9add4c1..494c9c615d1c 100644
--- a/tools/include/asm-generic/bitops/__fls.h
+++ b/tools/include/asm-generic/bitops/__fls.h
@@ -1 +1 @@
-#include <../../../../include/asm-generic/bitops/__fls.h>
+#include "../../../../include/asm-generic/bitops/__fls.h"
diff --git a/tools/include/asm-generic/bitops/fls.h b/tools/include/asm-generic/bitops/fls.h
index dbf711a28f71..0e4995fa0248 100644
--- a/tools/include/asm-generic/bitops/fls.h
+++ b/tools/include/asm-generic/bitops/fls.h
@@ -1 +1 @@
-#include <../../../../include/asm-generic/bitops/fls.h>
+#include "../../../../include/asm-generic/bitops/fls.h"
diff --git a/tools/include/asm-generic/bitops/fls64.h b/tools/include/asm-generic/bitops/fls64.h
index 980b1f63c047..35bee0071e78 100644
--- a/tools/include/asm-generic/bitops/fls64.h
+++ b/tools/include/asm-generic/bitops/fls64.h
@@ -1 +1 @@
-#include <../../../../include/asm-generic/bitops/fls64.h>
+#include "../../../../include/asm-generic/bitops/fls64.h"
diff --git a/tools/include/linux/hashtable.h b/tools/include/linux/hashtable.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..c65cc0aa2659
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/include/linux/hashtable.h
@@ -0,0 +1,152 @@
+/*
+ * Statically sized hash table implementation
+ * (C) 2012 Sasha Levin <levinsasha928@gmail.com>
+ */
+
+#ifndef _LINUX_HASHTABLE_H
+#define _LINUX_HASHTABLE_H
+
+#include <linux/list.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/bitops.h>
+#include <linux/hash.h>
+#include <linux/log2.h>
+
+#ifndef ARRAY_SIZE
+#define ARRAY_SIZE(x) (sizeof(x) / sizeof((x)[0]))
+#endif
+
+#define DEFINE_HASHTABLE(name, bits) \
+ struct hlist_head name[1 << (bits)] = \
+ { [0 ... ((1 << (bits)) - 1)] = HLIST_HEAD_INIT }
+
+#define DECLARE_HASHTABLE(name, bits) \
+ struct hlist_head name[1 << (bits)]
+
+#define HASH_SIZE(name) (ARRAY_SIZE(name))
+#define HASH_BITS(name) ilog2(HASH_SIZE(name))
+
+/* Use hash_32 when possible to allow for fast 32bit hashing in 64bit kernels. */
+#define hash_min(val, bits) \
+ (sizeof(val) <= 4 ? hash_32(val, bits) : hash_long(val, bits))
+
+static inline void __hash_init(struct hlist_head *ht, unsigned int sz)
+{
+ unsigned int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < sz; i++)
+ INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&ht[i]);
+}
+
+/**
+ * hash_init - initialize a hash table
+ * @hashtable: hashtable to be initialized
+ *
+ * Calculates the size of the hashtable from the given parameter, otherwise
+ * same as hash_init_size.
+ *
+ * This has to be a macro since HASH_BITS() will not work on pointers since
+ * it calculates the size during preprocessing.
+ */
+#define hash_init(hashtable) __hash_init(hashtable, HASH_SIZE(hashtable))
+
+/**
+ * hash_add - add an object to a hashtable
+ * @hashtable: hashtable to add to
+ * @node: the &struct hlist_node of the object to be added
+ * @key: the key of the object to be added
+ */
+#define hash_add(hashtable, node, key) \
+ hlist_add_head(node, &hashtable[hash_min(key, HASH_BITS(hashtable))])
+
+/**
+ * hash_hashed - check whether an object is in any hashtable
+ * @node: the &struct hlist_node of the object to be checked
+ */
+static inline bool hash_hashed(struct hlist_node *node)
+{
+ return !hlist_unhashed(node);
+}
+
+static inline bool __hash_empty(struct hlist_head *ht, unsigned int sz)
+{
+ unsigned int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < sz; i++)
+ if (!hlist_empty(&ht[i]))
+ return false;
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+/**
+ * hash_empty - check whether a hashtable is empty
+ * @hashtable: hashtable to check
+ *
+ * This has to be a macro since HASH_BITS() will not work on pointers since
+ * it calculates the size during preprocessing.
+ */
+#define hash_empty(hashtable) __hash_empty(hashtable, HASH_SIZE(hashtable))
+
+/**
+ * hash_del - remove an object from a hashtable
+ * @node: &struct hlist_node of the object to remove
+ */
+static inline void hash_del(struct hlist_node *node)
+{
+ hlist_del_init(node);
+}
+
+/**
+ * hash_for_each - iterate over a hashtable
+ * @name: hashtable to iterate
+ * @bkt: integer to use as bucket loop cursor
+ * @obj: the type * to use as a loop cursor for each entry
+ * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct
+ */
+#define hash_for_each(name, bkt, obj, member) \
+ for ((bkt) = 0, obj = NULL; obj == NULL && (bkt) < HASH_SIZE(name);\
+ (bkt)++)\
+ hlist_for_each_entry(obj, &name[bkt], member)
+
+/**
+ * hash_for_each_safe - iterate over a hashtable safe against removal of
+ * hash entry
+ * @name: hashtable to iterate
+ * @bkt: integer to use as bucket loop cursor
+ * @tmp: a &struct used for temporary storage
+ * @obj: the type * to use as a loop cursor for each entry
+ * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct
+ */
+#define hash_for_each_safe(name, bkt, tmp, obj, member) \
+ for ((bkt) = 0, obj = NULL; obj == NULL && (bkt) < HASH_SIZE(name);\
+ (bkt)++)\
+ hlist_for_each_entry_safe(obj, tmp, &name[bkt], member)
+
+/**
+ * hash_for_each_possible - iterate over all possible objects hashing to the
+ * same bucket
+ * @name: hashtable to iterate
+ * @obj: the type * to use as a loop cursor for each entry
+ * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct
+ * @key: the key of the objects to iterate over
+ */
+#define hash_for_each_possible(name, obj, member, key) \
+ hlist_for_each_entry(obj, &name[hash_min(key, HASH_BITS(name))], member)
+
+/**
+ * hash_for_each_possible_safe - iterate over all possible objects hashing to the
+ * same bucket safe against removals
+ * @name: hashtable to iterate
+ * @obj: the type * to use as a loop cursor for each entry
+ * @tmp: a &struct used for temporary storage
+ * @member: the name of the hlist_node within the struct
+ * @key: the key of the objects to iterate over
+ */
+#define hash_for_each_possible_safe(name, obj, tmp, member, key) \
+ hlist_for_each_entry_safe(obj, tmp,\
+ &name[hash_min(key, HASH_BITS(name))], member)
+
+
+#endif
diff --git a/tools/lib/subcmd/Makefile b/tools/lib/subcmd/Makefile
index 629cf8c14e68..1faecb82ad42 100644
--- a/tools/lib/subcmd/Makefile
+++ b/tools/lib/subcmd/Makefile
@@ -8,8 +8,10 @@ srctree := $(patsubst %/,%,$(dir $(srctree)))
#$(info Determined 'srctree' to be $(srctree))
endif
-CC = $(CROSS_COMPILE)gcc
-AR = $(CROSS_COMPILE)ar
+CC ?= $(CROSS_COMPILE)gcc
+LD ?= $(CROSS_COMPILE)ld
+AR ?= $(CROSS_COMPILE)ar
+
RM = rm -f
MAKEFLAGS += --no-print-directory
diff --git a/tools/objtool/.gitignore b/tools/objtool/.gitignore
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..a0b3128bb31f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/objtool/.gitignore
@@ -0,0 +1,2 @@
+arch/x86/insn/inat-tables.c
+objtool
diff --git a/tools/objtool/Build b/tools/objtool/Build
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..0e89258a3541
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/objtool/Build
@@ -0,0 +1,13 @@
+objtool-y += arch/$(ARCH)/
+objtool-y += builtin-check.o
+objtool-y += elf.o
+objtool-y += special.o
+objtool-y += objtool.o
+
+objtool-y += libstring.o
+
+CFLAGS += -I$(srctree)/tools/lib
+
+$(OUTPUT)libstring.o: ../lib/string.c FORCE
+ $(call rule_mkdir)
+ $(call if_changed_dep,cc_o_c)
diff --git a/tools/objtool/Documentation/stack-validation.txt b/tools/objtool/Documentation/stack-validation.txt
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..5a95896105bc
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/objtool/Documentation/stack-validation.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,342 @@
+Compile-time stack metadata validation
+======================================
+
+
+Overview
+--------
+
+The kernel CONFIG_STACK_VALIDATION option enables a host tool named
+objtool which runs at compile time. It has a "check" subcommand which
+analyzes every .o file and ensures the validity of its stack metadata.
+It enforces a set of rules on asm code and C inline assembly code so
+that stack traces can be reliable.
+
+Currently it only checks frame pointer usage, but there are plans to add
+CFI validation for C files and CFI generation for asm files.
+
+For each function, it recursively follows all possible code paths and
+validates the correct frame pointer state at each instruction.
+
+It also follows code paths involving special sections, like
+.altinstructions, __jump_table, and __ex_table, which can add
+alternative execution paths to a given instruction (or set of
+instructions). Similarly, it knows how to follow switch statements, for
+which gcc sometimes uses jump tables.
+
+
+Why do we need stack metadata validation?
+-----------------------------------------
+
+Here are some of the benefits of validating stack metadata:
+
+a) More reliable stack traces for frame pointer enabled kernels
+
+ Frame pointers are used for debugging purposes. They allow runtime
+ code and debug tools to be able to walk the stack to determine the
+ chain of function call sites that led to the currently executing
+ code.
+
+ For some architectures, frame pointers are enabled by
+ CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER. For some other architectures they may be
+ required by the ABI (sometimes referred to as "backchain pointers").
+
+ For C code, gcc automatically generates instructions for setting up
+ frame pointers when the -fno-omit-frame-pointer option is used.
+
+ But for asm code, the frame setup instructions have to be written by
+ hand, which most people don't do. So the end result is that
+ CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER is honored for C code but not for most asm code.
+
+ For stack traces based on frame pointers to be reliable, all
+ functions which call other functions must first create a stack frame
+ and update the frame pointer. If a first function doesn't properly
+ create a stack frame before calling a second function, the *caller*
+ of the first function will be skipped on the stack trace.
+
+ For example, consider the following example backtrace with frame
+ pointers enabled:
+
+ [<ffffffff81812584>] dump_stack+0x4b/0x63
+ [<ffffffff812d6dc2>] cmdline_proc_show+0x12/0x30
+ [<ffffffff8127f568>] seq_read+0x108/0x3e0
+ [<ffffffff812cce62>] proc_reg_read+0x42/0x70
+ [<ffffffff81256197>] __vfs_read+0x37/0x100
+ [<ffffffff81256b16>] vfs_read+0x86/0x130
+ [<ffffffff81257898>] SyS_read+0x58/0xd0
+ [<ffffffff8181c1f2>] entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x12/0x76
+
+ It correctly shows that the caller of cmdline_proc_show() is
+ seq_read().
+
+ If we remove the frame pointer logic from cmdline_proc_show() by
+ replacing the frame pointer related instructions with nops, here's
+ what it looks like instead:
+
+ [<ffffffff81812584>] dump_stack+0x4b/0x63
+ [<ffffffff812d6dc2>] cmdline_proc_show+0x12/0x30
+ [<ffffffff812cce62>] proc_reg_read+0x42/0x70
+ [<ffffffff81256197>] __vfs_read+0x37/0x100
+ [<ffffffff81256b16>] vfs_read+0x86/0x130
+ [<ffffffff81257898>] SyS_read+0x58/0xd0
+ [<ffffffff8181c1f2>] entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x12/0x76
+
+ Notice that cmdline_proc_show()'s caller, seq_read(), has been
+ skipped. Instead the stack trace seems to show that
+ cmdline_proc_show() was called by proc_reg_read().
+
+ The benefit of objtool here is that because it ensures that *all*
+ functions honor CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER, no functions will ever[*] be
+ skipped on a stack trace.
+
+ [*] unless an interrupt or exception has occurred at the very
+ beginning of a function before the stack frame has been created,
+ or at the very end of the function after the stack frame has been
+ destroyed. This is an inherent limitation of frame pointers.
+
+b) 100% reliable stack traces for DWARF enabled kernels
+
+ (NOTE: This is not yet implemented)
+
+ As an alternative to frame pointers, DWARF Call Frame Information
+ (CFI) metadata can be used to walk the stack. Unlike frame pointers,
+ CFI metadata is out of band. So it doesn't affect runtime
+ performance and it can be reliable even when interrupts or exceptions
+ are involved.
+
+ For C code, gcc automatically generates DWARF CFI metadata. But for
+ asm code, generating CFI is a tedious manual approach which requires
+ manually placed .cfi assembler macros to be scattered throughout the
+ code. It's clumsy and very easy to get wrong, and it makes the real
+ code harder to read.
+
+ Stacktool will improve this situation in several ways. For code
+ which already has CFI annotations, it will validate them. For code
+ which doesn't have CFI annotations, it will generate them. So an
+ architecture can opt to strip out all the manual .cfi annotations
+ from their asm code and have objtool generate them instead.
+
+ We might also add a runtime stack validation debug option where we
+ periodically walk the stack from schedule() and/or an NMI to ensure
+ that the stack metadata is sane and that we reach the bottom of the
+ stack.
+
+ So the benefit of objtool here will be that external tooling should
+ always show perfect stack traces. And the same will be true for
+ kernel warning/oops traces if the architecture has a runtime DWARF
+ unwinder.
+
+c) Higher live patching compatibility rate
+
+ (NOTE: This is not yet implemented)
+
+ Currently with CONFIG_LIVEPATCH there's a basic live patching
+ framework which is safe for roughly 85-90% of "security" fixes. But
+ patches can't have complex features like function dependency or
+ prototype changes, or data structure changes.
+
+ There's a strong need to support patches which have the more complex
+ features so that the patch compatibility rate for security fixes can
+ eventually approach something resembling 100%. To achieve that, a
+ "consistency model" is needed, which allows tasks to be safely
+ transitioned from an unpatched state to a patched state.
+
+ One of the key requirements of the currently proposed livepatch
+ consistency model [*] is that it needs to walk the stack of each
+ sleeping task to determine if it can be transitioned to the patched
+ state. If objtool can ensure that stack traces are reliable, this
+ consistency model can be used and the live patching compatibility
+ rate can be improved significantly.
+
+ [*] https://lkml.kernel.org/r/cover.1423499826.git.jpoimboe@redhat.com
+
+
+Rules
+-----
+
+To achieve the validation, objtool enforces the following rules:
+
+1. Each callable function must be annotated as such with the ELF
+ function type. In asm code, this is typically done using the
+ ENTRY/ENDPROC macros. If objtool finds a return instruction
+ outside of a function, it flags an error since that usually indicates
+ callable code which should be annotated accordingly.
+
+ This rule is needed so that objtool can properly identify each
+ callable function in order to analyze its stack metadata.
+
+2. Conversely, each section of code which is *not* callable should *not*
+ be annotated as an ELF function. The ENDPROC macro shouldn't be used
+ in this case.
+
+ This rule is needed so that objtool can ignore non-callable code.
+ Such code doesn't have to follow any of the other rules.
+
+3. Each callable function which calls another function must have the
+ correct frame pointer logic, if required by CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER or
+ the architecture's back chain rules. This can by done in asm code
+ with the FRAME_BEGIN/FRAME_END macros.
+
+ This rule ensures that frame pointer based stack traces will work as
+ designed. If function A doesn't create a stack frame before calling
+ function B, the _caller_ of function A will be skipped on the stack
+ trace.
+
+4. Dynamic jumps and jumps to undefined symbols are only allowed if:
+
+ a) the jump is part of a switch statement; or
+
+ b) the jump matches sibling call semantics and the frame pointer has
+ the same value it had on function entry.
+
+ This rule is needed so that objtool can reliably analyze all of a
+ function's code paths. If a function jumps to code in another file,
+ and it's not a sibling call, objtool has no way to follow the jump
+ because it only analyzes a single file at a time.
+
+5. A callable function may not execute kernel entry/exit instructions.
+ The only code which needs such instructions is kernel entry code,
+ which shouldn't be be in callable functions anyway.
+
+ This rule is just a sanity check to ensure that callable functions
+ return normally.
+
+
+Errors in .S files
+------------------
+
+If you're getting an error in a compiled .S file which you don't
+understand, first make sure that the affected code follows the above
+rules.
+
+Here are some examples of common warnings reported by objtool, what
+they mean, and suggestions for how to fix them.
+
+
+1. asm_file.o: warning: objtool: func()+0x128: call without frame pointer save/setup
+
+ The func() function made a function call without first saving and/or
+ updating the frame pointer.
+
+ If func() is indeed a callable function, add proper frame pointer
+ logic using the FRAME_BEGIN and FRAME_END macros. Otherwise, remove
+ its ELF function annotation by changing ENDPROC to END.
+
+ If you're getting this error in a .c file, see the "Errors in .c
+ files" section.
+
+
+2. asm_file.o: warning: objtool: .text+0x53: return instruction outside of a callable function
+
+ A return instruction was detected, but objtool couldn't find a way
+ for a callable function to reach the instruction.
+
+ If the return instruction is inside (or reachable from) a callable
+ function, the function needs to be annotated with the ENTRY/ENDPROC
+ macros.
+
+ If you _really_ need a return instruction outside of a function, and
+ are 100% sure that it won't affect stack traces, you can tell
+ objtool to ignore it. See the "Adding exceptions" section below.
+
+
+3. asm_file.o: warning: objtool: func()+0x9: function has unreachable instruction
+
+ The instruction lives inside of a callable function, but there's no
+ possible control flow path from the beginning of the function to the
+ instruction.
+
+ If the instruction is actually needed, and it's actually in a
+ callable function, ensure that its function is properly annotated
+ with ENTRY/ENDPROC.
+
+ If it's not actually in a callable function (e.g. kernel entry code),
+ change ENDPROC to END.
+
+
+4. asm_file.o: warning: objtool: func(): can't find starting instruction
+ or
+ asm_file.o: warning: objtool: func()+0x11dd: can't decode instruction
+
+ Did you put data in a text section? If so, that can confuse
+ objtool's instruction decoder. Move the data to a more appropriate
+ section like .data or .rodata.
+
+
+5. asm_file.o: warning: objtool: func()+0x6: kernel entry/exit from callable instruction
+
+ This is a kernel entry/exit instruction like sysenter or sysret.
+ Such instructions aren't allowed in a callable function, and are most
+ likely part of the kernel entry code.
+
+ If the instruction isn't actually in a callable function, change
+ ENDPROC to END.
+
+
+6. asm_file.o: warning: objtool: func()+0x26: sibling call from callable instruction with changed frame pointer
+
+ This is a dynamic jump or a jump to an undefined symbol. Stacktool
+ assumed it's a sibling call and detected that the frame pointer
+ wasn't first restored to its original state.
+
+ If it's not really a sibling call, you may need to move the
+ destination code to the local file.
+
+ If the instruction is not actually in a callable function (e.g.
+ kernel entry code), change ENDPROC to END.
+
+
+7. asm_file: warning: objtool: func()+0x5c: frame pointer state mismatch
+
+ The instruction's frame pointer state is inconsistent, depending on
+ which execution path was taken to reach the instruction.
+
+ Make sure the function pushes and sets up the frame pointer (for
+ x86_64, this means rbp) at the beginning of the function and pops it
+ at the end of the function. Also make sure that no other code in the
+ function touches the frame pointer.
+
+
+Errors in .c files
+------------------
+
+If you're getting an objtool error in a compiled .c file, chances are
+the file uses an asm() statement which has a "call" instruction. An
+asm() statement with a call instruction must declare the use of the
+stack pointer in its output operand. For example, on x86_64:
+
+ register void *__sp asm("rsp");
+ asm volatile("call func" : "+r" (__sp));
+
+Otherwise the stack frame may not get created before the call.
+
+Another possible cause for errors in C code is if the Makefile removes
+-fno-omit-frame-pointer or adds -fomit-frame-pointer to the gcc options.
+
+Also see the above section for .S file errors for more information what
+the individual error messages mean.
+
+If the error doesn't seem to make sense, it could be a bug in objtool.
+Feel free to ask the objtool maintainer for help.
+
+
+Adding exceptions
+-----------------
+
+If you _really_ need objtool to ignore something, and are 100% sure
+that it won't affect kernel stack traces, you can tell objtool to
+ignore it:
+
+- To skip validation of a function, use the STACK_FRAME_NON_STANDARD
+ macro.
+
+- To skip validation of a file, add
+
+ OBJECT_FILES_NON_STANDARD_filename.o := n
+
+ to the Makefile.
+
+- To skip validation of a directory, add
+
+ OBJECT_FILES_NON_STANDARD := y
+
+ to the Makefile.
diff --git a/tools/objtool/Makefile b/tools/objtool/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..6765c7e949f3
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/objtool/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,63 @@
+include ../scripts/Makefile.include
+
+ifndef ($(ARCH))
+ARCH ?= $(shell uname -m)
+ifeq ($(ARCH),x86_64)
+ARCH := x86
+endif
+endif
+
+# always use the host compiler
+CC = gcc
+LD = ld
+AR = ar
+
+ifeq ($(srctree),)
+srctree := $(patsubst %/,%,$(dir $(shell pwd)))
+srctree := $(patsubst %/,%,$(dir $(srctree)))
+endif
+
+SUBCMD_SRCDIR = $(srctree)/tools/lib/subcmd/
+LIBSUBCMD_OUTPUT = $(if $(OUTPUT),$(OUTPUT),$(PWD)/)
+LIBSUBCMD = $(LIBSUBCMD_OUTPUT)libsubcmd.a
+
+OBJTOOL := $(OUTPUT)objtool
+OBJTOOL_IN := $(OBJTOOL)-in.o
+
+all: $(OBJTOOL)
+
+INCLUDES := -I$(srctree)/tools/include
+CFLAGS += -Wall -Werror $(EXTRA_WARNINGS) -fomit-frame-pointer -O2 -g $(INCLUDES)
+LDFLAGS += -lelf $(LIBSUBCMD)
+
+AWK = awk
+export srctree OUTPUT CFLAGS ARCH AWK
+include $(srctree)/tools/build/Makefile.include
+
+$(OBJTOOL_IN): fixdep FORCE
+ @$(MAKE) $(build)=objtool
+
+$(OBJTOOL): $(LIBSUBCMD) $(OBJTOOL_IN)
+ @(test -d ../../kernel -a -d ../../tools -a -d ../objtool && (( \
+ diff -I'^#include' arch/x86/insn/insn.c ../../arch/x86/lib/insn.c >/dev/null && \
+ diff -I'^#include' arch/x86/insn/inat.c ../../arch/x86/lib/inat.c >/dev/null && \
+ diff arch/x86/insn/x86-opcode-map.txt ../../arch/x86/lib/x86-opcode-map.txt >/dev/null && \
+ diff arch/x86/insn/gen-insn-attr-x86.awk ../../arch/x86/tools/gen-insn-attr-x86.awk >/dev/null && \
+ diff -I'^#include' arch/x86/insn/insn.h ../../arch/x86/include/asm/insn.h >/dev/null && \
+ diff -I'^#include' arch/x86/insn/inat.h ../../arch/x86/include/asm/inat.h >/dev/null && \
+ diff -I'^#include' arch/x86/insn/inat_types.h ../../arch/x86/include/asm/inat_types.h >/dev/null) \
+ || echo "Warning: objtool: x86 instruction decoder differs from kernel" >&2 )) || true
+ $(QUIET_LINK)$(CC) $(OBJTOOL_IN) $(LDFLAGS) -o $@
+
+
+$(LIBSUBCMD): fixdep FORCE
+ $(Q)$(MAKE) -C $(SUBCMD_SRCDIR) OUTPUT=$(LIBSUBCMD_OUTPUT)
+
+clean:
+ $(call QUIET_CLEAN, objtool) $(RM) $(OBJTOOL)
+ $(Q)find $(OUTPUT) -name '*.o' -delete -o -name '\.*.cmd' -delete -o -name '\.*.d' -delete
+ $(Q)$(RM) $(OUTPUT)arch/x86/insn/inat-tables.c $(OUTPUT)fixdep
+
+FORCE:
+
+.PHONY: clean FORCE
diff --git a/tools/objtool/arch.h b/tools/objtool/arch.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..f7350fcedc70
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/objtool/arch.h
@@ -0,0 +1,44 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2015 Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
+ * of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _ARCH_H
+#define _ARCH_H
+
+#include <stdbool.h>
+#include "elf.h"
+
+#define INSN_FP_SAVE 1
+#define INSN_FP_SETUP 2
+#define INSN_FP_RESTORE 3
+#define INSN_JUMP_CONDITIONAL 4
+#define INSN_JUMP_UNCONDITIONAL 5
+#define INSN_JUMP_DYNAMIC 6
+#define INSN_CALL 7
+#define INSN_CALL_DYNAMIC 8
+#define INSN_RETURN 9
+#define INSN_CONTEXT_SWITCH 10
+#define INSN_BUG 11
+#define INSN_NOP 12
+#define INSN_OTHER 13
+#define INSN_LAST INSN_OTHER
+
+int arch_decode_instruction(struct elf *elf, struct section *sec,
+ unsigned long offset, unsigned int maxlen,
+ unsigned int *len, unsigned char *type,
+ unsigned long *displacement);
+
+#endif /* _ARCH_H */
diff --git a/tools/objtool/arch/x86/Build b/tools/objtool/arch/x86/Build
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..debbdb0b5c43
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/objtool/arch/x86/Build
@@ -0,0 +1,12 @@
+objtool-y += decode.o
+
+inat_tables_script = arch/x86/insn/gen-insn-attr-x86.awk
+inat_tables_maps = arch/x86/insn/x86-opcode-map.txt
+
+$(OUTPUT)arch/x86/insn/inat-tables.c: $(inat_tables_script) $(inat_tables_maps)
+ $(call rule_mkdir)
+ $(Q)$(call echo-cmd,gen)$(AWK) -f $(inat_tables_script) $(inat_tables_maps) > $@
+
+$(OUTPUT)arch/x86/decode.o: $(OUTPUT)arch/x86/insn/inat-tables.c
+
+CFLAGS_decode.o += -I$(OUTPUT)arch/x86/insn
diff --git a/tools/objtool/arch/x86/decode.c b/tools/objtool/arch/x86/decode.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..c0c0b265e88e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/objtool/arch/x86/decode.c
@@ -0,0 +1,172 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2015 Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
+ * of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+
+#define unlikely(cond) (cond)
+#include "insn/insn.h"
+#include "insn/inat.c"
+#include "insn/insn.c"
+
+#include "../../elf.h"
+#include "../../arch.h"
+#include "../../warn.h"
+
+static int is_x86_64(struct elf *elf)
+{
+ switch (elf->ehdr.e_machine) {
+ case EM_X86_64:
+ return 1;
+ case EM_386:
+ return 0;
+ default:
+ WARN("unexpected ELF machine type %d", elf->ehdr.e_machine);
+ return -1;
+ }
+}
+
+int arch_decode_instruction(struct elf *elf, struct section *sec,
+ unsigned long offset, unsigned int maxlen,
+ unsigned int *len, unsigned char *type,
+ unsigned long *immediate)
+{
+ struct insn insn;
+ int x86_64;
+ unsigned char op1, op2, ext;
+
+ x86_64 = is_x86_64(elf);
+ if (x86_64 == -1)
+ return -1;
+
+ insn_init(&insn, (void *)(sec->data + offset), maxlen, x86_64);
+ insn_get_length(&insn);
+ insn_get_opcode(&insn);
+ insn_get_modrm(&insn);
+ insn_get_immediate(&insn);
+
+ if (!insn_complete(&insn)) {
+ WARN_FUNC("can't decode instruction", sec, offset);
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ *len = insn.length;
+ *type = INSN_OTHER;
+
+ if (insn.vex_prefix.nbytes)
+ return 0;
+
+ op1 = insn.opcode.bytes[0];
+ op2 = insn.opcode.bytes[1];
+
+ switch (op1) {
+ case 0x55:
+ if (!insn.rex_prefix.nbytes)
+ /* push rbp */
+ *type = INSN_FP_SAVE;
+ break;
+
+ case 0x5d:
+ if (!insn.rex_prefix.nbytes)
+ /* pop rbp */
+ *type = INSN_FP_RESTORE;
+ break;
+
+ case 0x70 ... 0x7f:
+ *type = INSN_JUMP_CONDITIONAL;
+ break;
+
+ case 0x89:
+ if (insn.rex_prefix.nbytes == 1 &&
+ insn.rex_prefix.bytes[0] == 0x48 &&
+ insn.modrm.nbytes && insn.modrm.bytes[0] == 0xe5)
+ /* mov rsp, rbp */
+ *type = INSN_FP_SETUP;
+ break;
+
+ case 0x90:
+ *type = INSN_NOP;
+ break;
+
+ case 0x0f:
+ if (op2 >= 0x80 && op2 <= 0x8f)
+ *type = INSN_JUMP_CONDITIONAL;
+ else if (op2 == 0x05 || op2 == 0x07 || op2 == 0x34 ||
+ op2 == 0x35)
+ /* sysenter, sysret */
+ *type = INSN_CONTEXT_SWITCH;
+ else if (op2 == 0x0b || op2 == 0xb9)
+ /* ud2 */
+ *type = INSN_BUG;
+ else if (op2 == 0x0d || op2 == 0x1f)
+ /* nopl/nopw */
+ *type = INSN_NOP;
+ else if (op2 == 0x01 && insn.modrm.nbytes &&
+ (insn.modrm.bytes[0] == 0xc2 ||
+ insn.modrm.bytes[0] == 0xd8))
+ /* vmlaunch, vmrun */
+ *type = INSN_CONTEXT_SWITCH;
+
+ break;
+
+ case 0xc9: /* leave */
+ *type = INSN_FP_RESTORE;
+ break;
+
+ case 0xe3: /* jecxz/jrcxz */
+ *type = INSN_JUMP_CONDITIONAL;
+ break;
+
+ case 0xe9:
+ case 0xeb:
+ *type = INSN_JUMP_UNCONDITIONAL;
+ break;
+
+ case 0xc2:
+ case 0xc3:
+ *type = INSN_RETURN;
+ break;
+
+ case 0xc5: /* iret */
+ case 0xca: /* retf */
+ case 0xcb: /* retf */
+ *type = INSN_CONTEXT_SWITCH;
+ break;
+
+ case 0xe8:
+ *type = INSN_CALL;
+ break;
+
+ case 0xff:
+ ext = X86_MODRM_REG(insn.modrm.bytes[0]);
+ if (ext == 2 || ext == 3)
+ *type = INSN_CALL_DYNAMIC;
+ else if (ext == 4)
+ *type = INSN_JUMP_DYNAMIC;
+ else if (ext == 5) /*jmpf */
+ *type = INSN_CONTEXT_SWITCH;
+
+ break;
+
+ default:
+ break;
+ }
+
+ *immediate = insn.immediate.nbytes ? insn.immediate.value : 0;
+
+ return 0;
+}
diff --git a/tools/objtool/arch/x86/insn/gen-insn-attr-x86.awk b/tools/objtool/arch/x86/insn/gen-insn-attr-x86.awk
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..093a892026f9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/objtool/arch/x86/insn/gen-insn-attr-x86.awk
@@ -0,0 +1,387 @@
+#!/bin/awk -f
+# gen-insn-attr-x86.awk: Instruction attribute table generator
+# Written by Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@redhat.com>
+#
+# Usage: awk -f gen-insn-attr-x86.awk x86-opcode-map.txt > inat-tables.c
+
+# Awk implementation sanity check
+function check_awk_implement() {
+ if (sprintf("%x", 0) != "0")
+ return "Your awk has a printf-format problem."
+ return ""
+}
+
+# Clear working vars
+function clear_vars() {
+ delete table
+ delete lptable2
+ delete lptable1
+ delete lptable3
+ eid = -1 # escape id
+ gid = -1 # group id
+ aid = -1 # AVX id
+ tname = ""
+}
+
+BEGIN {
+ # Implementation error checking
+ awkchecked = check_awk_implement()
+ if (awkchecked != "") {
+ print "Error: " awkchecked > "/dev/stderr"
+ print "Please try to use gawk." > "/dev/stderr"
+ exit 1
+ }
+
+ # Setup generating tables
+ print "/* x86 opcode map generated from x86-opcode-map.txt */"
+ print "/* Do not change this code. */\n"
+ ggid = 1
+ geid = 1
+ gaid = 0
+ delete etable
+ delete gtable
+ delete atable
+
+ opnd_expr = "^[A-Za-z/]"
+ ext_expr = "^\\("
+ sep_expr = "^\\|$"
+ group_expr = "^Grp[0-9A-Za-z]+"
+
+ imm_expr = "^[IJAOL][a-z]"
+ imm_flag["Ib"] = "INAT_MAKE_IMM(INAT_IMM_BYTE)"
+ imm_flag["Jb"] = "INAT_MAKE_IMM(INAT_IMM_BYTE)"
+ imm_flag["Iw"] = "INAT_MAKE_IMM(INAT_IMM_WORD)"
+ imm_flag["Id"] = "INAT_MAKE_IMM(INAT_IMM_DWORD)"
+ imm_flag["Iq"] = "INAT_MAKE_IMM(INAT_IMM_QWORD)"
+ imm_flag["Ap"] = "INAT_MAKE_IMM(INAT_IMM_PTR)"
+ imm_flag["Iz"] = "INAT_MAKE_IMM(INAT_IMM_VWORD32)"
+ imm_flag["Jz"] = "INAT_MAKE_IMM(INAT_IMM_VWORD32)"
+ imm_flag["Iv"] = "INAT_MAKE_IMM(INAT_IMM_VWORD)"
+ imm_flag["Ob"] = "INAT_MOFFSET"
+ imm_flag["Ov"] = "INAT_MOFFSET"
+ imm_flag["Lx"] = "INAT_MAKE_IMM(INAT_IMM_BYTE)"
+
+ modrm_expr = "^([CDEGMNPQRSUVW/][a-z]+|NTA|T[012])"
+ force64_expr = "\\([df]64\\)"
+ rex_expr = "^REX(\\.[XRWB]+)*"
+ fpu_expr = "^ESC" # TODO
+
+ lprefix1_expr = "\\((66|!F3)\\)"
+ lprefix2_expr = "\\(F3\\)"
+ lprefix3_expr = "\\((F2|!F3|66\\&F2)\\)"
+ lprefix_expr = "\\((66|F2|F3)\\)"
+ max_lprefix = 4
+
+ # All opcodes starting with lower-case 'v' or with (v1) superscript
+ # accepts VEX prefix
+ vexok_opcode_expr = "^v.*"
+ vexok_expr = "\\(v1\\)"
+ # All opcodes with (v) superscript supports *only* VEX prefix
+ vexonly_expr = "\\(v\\)"
+
+ prefix_expr = "\\(Prefix\\)"
+ prefix_num["Operand-Size"] = "INAT_PFX_OPNDSZ"
+ prefix_num["REPNE"] = "INAT_PFX_REPNE"
+ prefix_num["REP/REPE"] = "INAT_PFX_REPE"
+ prefix_num["XACQUIRE"] = "INAT_PFX_REPNE"
+ prefix_num["XRELEASE"] = "INAT_PFX_REPE"
+ prefix_num["LOCK"] = "INAT_PFX_LOCK"
+ prefix_num["SEG=CS"] = "INAT_PFX_CS"
+ prefix_num["SEG=DS"] = "INAT_PFX_DS"
+ prefix_num["SEG=ES"] = "INAT_PFX_ES"
+ prefix_num["SEG=FS"] = "INAT_PFX_FS"
+ prefix_num["SEG=GS"] = "INAT_PFX_GS"
+ prefix_num["SEG=SS"] = "INAT_PFX_SS"
+ prefix_num["Address-Size"] = "INAT_PFX_ADDRSZ"
+ prefix_num["VEX+1byte"] = "INAT_PFX_VEX2"
+ prefix_num["VEX+2byte"] = "INAT_PFX_VEX3"
+
+ clear_vars()
+}
+
+function semantic_error(msg) {
+ print "Semantic error at " NR ": " msg > "/dev/stderr"
+ exit 1
+}
+
+function debug(msg) {
+ print "DEBUG: " msg
+}
+
+function array_size(arr, i,c) {
+ c = 0
+ for (i in arr)
+ c++
+ return c
+}
+
+/^Table:/ {
+ print "/* " $0 " */"
+ if (tname != "")
+ semantic_error("Hit Table: before EndTable:.");
+}
+
+/^Referrer:/ {
+ if (NF != 1) {
+ # escape opcode table
+ ref = ""
+ for (i = 2; i <= NF; i++)
+ ref = ref $i
+ eid = escape[ref]
+ tname = sprintf("inat_escape_table_%d", eid)
+ }
+}
+
+/^AVXcode:/ {
+ if (NF != 1) {
+ # AVX/escape opcode table
+ aid = $2
+ if (gaid <= aid)
+ gaid = aid + 1
+ if (tname == "") # AVX only opcode table
+ tname = sprintf("inat_avx_table_%d", $2)
+ }
+ if (aid == -1 && eid == -1) # primary opcode table
+ tname = "inat_primary_table"
+}
+
+/^GrpTable:/ {
+ print "/* " $0 " */"
+ if (!($2 in group))
+ semantic_error("No group: " $2 )
+ gid = group[$2]
+ tname = "inat_group_table_" gid
+}
+
+function print_table(tbl,name,fmt,n)
+{
+ print "const insn_attr_t " name " = {"
+ for (i = 0; i < n; i++) {
+ id = sprintf(fmt, i)
+ if (tbl[id])
+ print " [" id "] = " tbl[id] ","
+ }
+ print "};"
+}
+
+/^EndTable/ {
+ if (gid != -1) {
+ # print group tables
+ if (array_size(table) != 0) {
+ print_table(table, tname "[INAT_GROUP_TABLE_SIZE]",
+ "0x%x", 8)
+ gtable[gid,0] = tname
+ }
+ if (array_size(lptable1) != 0) {
+ print_table(lptable1, tname "_1[INAT_GROUP_TABLE_SIZE]",
+ "0x%x", 8)
+ gtable[gid,1] = tname "_1"
+ }
+ if (array_size(lptable2) != 0) {
+ print_table(lptable2, tname "_2[INAT_GROUP_TABLE_SIZE]",
+ "0x%x", 8)
+ gtable[gid,2] = tname "_2"
+ }
+ if (array_size(lptable3) != 0) {
+ print_table(lptable3, tname "_3[INAT_GROUP_TABLE_SIZE]",
+ "0x%x", 8)
+ gtable[gid,3] = tname "_3"
+ }
+ } else {
+ # print primary/escaped tables
+ if (array_size(table) != 0) {
+ print_table(table, tname "[INAT_OPCODE_TABLE_SIZE]",
+ "0x%02x", 256)
+ etable[eid,0] = tname
+ if (aid >= 0)
+ atable[aid,0] = tname
+ }
+ if (array_size(lptable1) != 0) {
+ print_table(lptable1,tname "_1[INAT_OPCODE_TABLE_SIZE]",
+ "0x%02x", 256)
+ etable[eid,1] = tname "_1"
+ if (aid >= 0)
+ atable[aid,1] = tname "_1"
+ }
+ if (array_size(lptable2) != 0) {
+ print_table(lptable2,tname "_2[INAT_OPCODE_TABLE_SIZE]",
+ "0x%02x", 256)
+ etable[eid,2] = tname "_2"
+ if (aid >= 0)
+ atable[aid,2] = tname "_2"
+ }
+ if (array_size(lptable3) != 0) {
+ print_table(lptable3,tname "_3[INAT_OPCODE_TABLE_SIZE]",
+ "0x%02x", 256)
+ etable[eid,3] = tname "_3"
+ if (aid >= 0)
+ atable[aid,3] = tname "_3"
+ }
+ }
+ print ""
+ clear_vars()
+}
+
+function add_flags(old,new) {
+ if (old && new)
+ return old " | " new
+ else if (old)
+ return old
+ else
+ return new
+}
+
+# convert operands to flags.
+function convert_operands(count,opnd, i,j,imm,mod)
+{
+ imm = null
+ mod = null
+ for (j = 1; j <= count; j++) {
+ i = opnd[j]
+ if (match(i, imm_expr) == 1) {
+ if (!imm_flag[i])
+ semantic_error("Unknown imm opnd: " i)
+ if (imm) {
+ if (i != "Ib")
+ semantic_error("Second IMM error")
+ imm = add_flags(imm, "INAT_SCNDIMM")
+ } else
+ imm = imm_flag[i]
+ } else if (match(i, modrm_expr))
+ mod = "INAT_MODRM"
+ }
+ return add_flags(imm, mod)
+}
+
+/^[0-9a-f]+\:/ {
+ if (NR == 1)
+ next
+ # get index
+ idx = "0x" substr($1, 1, index($1,":") - 1)
+ if (idx in table)
+ semantic_error("Redefine " idx " in " tname)
+
+ # check if escaped opcode
+ if ("escape" == $2) {
+ if ($3 != "#")
+ semantic_error("No escaped name")
+ ref = ""
+ for (i = 4; i <= NF; i++)
+ ref = ref $i
+ if (ref in escape)
+ semantic_error("Redefine escape (" ref ")")
+ escape[ref] = geid
+ geid++
+ table[idx] = "INAT_MAKE_ESCAPE(" escape[ref] ")"
+ next
+ }
+
+ variant = null
+ # converts
+ i = 2
+ while (i <= NF) {
+ opcode = $(i++)
+ delete opnds
+ ext = null
+ flags = null
+ opnd = null
+ # parse one opcode
+ if (match($i, opnd_expr)) {
+ opnd = $i
+ count = split($(i++), opnds, ",")
+ flags = convert_operands(count, opnds)
+ }
+ if (match($i, ext_expr))
+ ext = $(i++)
+ if (match($i, sep_expr))
+ i++
+ else if (i < NF)
+ semantic_error($i " is not a separator")
+
+ # check if group opcode
+ if (match(opcode, group_expr)) {
+ if (!(opcode in group)) {
+ group[opcode] = ggid
+ ggid++
+ }
+ flags = add_flags(flags, "INAT_MAKE_GROUP(" group[opcode] ")")
+ }
+ # check force(or default) 64bit
+ if (match(ext, force64_expr))
+ flags = add_flags(flags, "INAT_FORCE64")
+
+ # check REX prefix
+ if (match(opcode, rex_expr))
+ flags = add_flags(flags, "INAT_MAKE_PREFIX(INAT_PFX_REX)")
+
+ # check coprocessor escape : TODO
+ if (match(opcode, fpu_expr))
+ flags = add_flags(flags, "INAT_MODRM")
+
+ # check VEX codes
+ if (match(ext, vexonly_expr))
+ flags = add_flags(flags, "INAT_VEXOK | INAT_VEXONLY")
+ else if (match(ext, vexok_expr) || match(opcode, vexok_opcode_expr))
+ flags = add_flags(flags, "INAT_VEXOK")
+
+ # check prefixes
+ if (match(ext, prefix_expr)) {
+ if (!prefix_num[opcode])
+ semantic_error("Unknown prefix: " opcode)
+ flags = add_flags(flags, "INAT_MAKE_PREFIX(" prefix_num[opcode] ")")
+ }
+ if (length(flags) == 0)
+ continue
+ # check if last prefix
+ if (match(ext, lprefix1_expr)) {
+ lptable1[idx] = add_flags(lptable1[idx],flags)
+ variant = "INAT_VARIANT"
+ }
+ if (match(ext, lprefix2_expr)) {
+ lptable2[idx] = add_flags(lptable2[idx],flags)
+ variant = "INAT_VARIANT"
+ }
+ if (match(ext, lprefix3_expr)) {
+ lptable3[idx] = add_flags(lptable3[idx],flags)
+ variant = "INAT_VARIANT"
+ }
+ if (!match(ext, lprefix_expr)){
+ table[idx] = add_flags(table[idx],flags)
+ }
+ }
+ if (variant)
+ table[idx] = add_flags(table[idx],variant)
+}
+
+END {
+ if (awkchecked != "")
+ exit 1
+ # print escape opcode map's array
+ print "/* Escape opcode map array */"
+ print "const insn_attr_t * const inat_escape_tables[INAT_ESC_MAX + 1]" \
+ "[INAT_LSTPFX_MAX + 1] = {"
+ for (i = 0; i < geid; i++)
+ for (j = 0; j < max_lprefix; j++)
+ if (etable[i,j])
+ print " ["i"]["j"] = "etable[i,j]","
+ print "};\n"
+ # print group opcode map's array
+ print "/* Group opcode map array */"
+ print "const insn_attr_t * const inat_group_tables[INAT_GRP_MAX + 1]"\
+ "[INAT_LSTPFX_MAX + 1] = {"
+ for (i = 0; i < ggid; i++)
+ for (j = 0; j < max_lprefix; j++)
+ if (gtable[i,j])
+ print " ["i"]["j"] = "gtable[i,j]","
+ print "};\n"
+ # print AVX opcode map's array
+ print "/* AVX opcode map array */"
+ print "const insn_attr_t * const inat_avx_tables[X86_VEX_M_MAX + 1]"\
+ "[INAT_LSTPFX_MAX + 1] = {"
+ for (i = 0; i < gaid; i++)
+ for (j = 0; j < max_lprefix; j++)
+ if (atable[i,j])
+ print " ["i"]["j"] = "atable[i,j]","
+ print "};"
+}
+
diff --git a/tools/objtool/arch/x86/insn/inat.c b/tools/objtool/arch/x86/insn/inat.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..e4bf28e6f4c7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/objtool/arch/x86/insn/inat.c
@@ -0,0 +1,97 @@
+/*
+ * x86 instruction attribute tables
+ *
+ * Written by Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@redhat.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
+ *
+ */
+#include "insn.h"
+
+/* Attribute tables are generated from opcode map */
+#include "inat-tables.c"
+
+/* Attribute search APIs */
+insn_attr_t inat_get_opcode_attribute(insn_byte_t opcode)
+{
+ return inat_primary_table[opcode];
+}
+
+int inat_get_last_prefix_id(insn_byte_t last_pfx)
+{
+ insn_attr_t lpfx_attr;
+
+ lpfx_attr = inat_get_opcode_attribute(last_pfx);
+ return inat_last_prefix_id(lpfx_attr);
+}
+
+insn_attr_t inat_get_escape_attribute(insn_byte_t opcode, int lpfx_id,
+ insn_attr_t esc_attr)
+{
+ const insn_attr_t *table;
+ int n;
+
+ n = inat_escape_id(esc_attr);
+
+ table = inat_escape_tables[n][0];
+ if (!table)
+ return 0;
+ if (inat_has_variant(table[opcode]) && lpfx_id) {
+ table = inat_escape_tables[n][lpfx_id];
+ if (!table)
+ return 0;
+ }
+ return table[opcode];
+}
+
+insn_attr_t inat_get_group_attribute(insn_byte_t modrm, int lpfx_id,
+ insn_attr_t grp_attr)
+{
+ const insn_attr_t *table;
+ int n;
+
+ n = inat_group_id(grp_attr);
+
+ table = inat_group_tables[n][0];
+ if (!table)
+ return inat_group_common_attribute(grp_attr);
+ if (inat_has_variant(table[X86_MODRM_REG(modrm)]) && lpfx_id) {
+ table = inat_group_tables[n][lpfx_id];
+ if (!table)
+ return inat_group_common_attribute(grp_attr);
+ }
+ return table[X86_MODRM_REG(modrm)] |
+ inat_group_common_attribute(grp_attr);
+}
+
+insn_attr_t inat_get_avx_attribute(insn_byte_t opcode, insn_byte_t vex_m,
+ insn_byte_t vex_p)
+{
+ const insn_attr_t *table;
+ if (vex_m > X86_VEX_M_MAX || vex_p > INAT_LSTPFX_MAX)
+ return 0;
+ /* At first, this checks the master table */
+ table = inat_avx_tables[vex_m][0];
+ if (!table)
+ return 0;
+ if (!inat_is_group(table[opcode]) && vex_p) {
+ /* If this is not a group, get attribute directly */
+ table = inat_avx_tables[vex_m][vex_p];
+ if (!table)
+ return 0;
+ }
+ return table[opcode];
+}
+
diff --git a/tools/objtool/arch/x86/insn/inat.h b/tools/objtool/arch/x86/insn/inat.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..611645e903a8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/objtool/arch/x86/insn/inat.h
@@ -0,0 +1,221 @@
+#ifndef _ASM_X86_INAT_H
+#define _ASM_X86_INAT_H
+/*
+ * x86 instruction attributes
+ *
+ * Written by Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@redhat.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
+ *
+ */
+#include "inat_types.h"
+
+/*
+ * Internal bits. Don't use bitmasks directly, because these bits are
+ * unstable. You should use checking functions.
+ */
+
+#define INAT_OPCODE_TABLE_SIZE 256
+#define INAT_GROUP_TABLE_SIZE 8
+
+/* Legacy last prefixes */
+#define INAT_PFX_OPNDSZ 1 /* 0x66 */ /* LPFX1 */
+#define INAT_PFX_REPE 2 /* 0xF3 */ /* LPFX2 */
+#define INAT_PFX_REPNE 3 /* 0xF2 */ /* LPFX3 */
+/* Other Legacy prefixes */
+#define INAT_PFX_LOCK 4 /* 0xF0 */
+#define INAT_PFX_CS 5 /* 0x2E */
+#define INAT_PFX_DS 6 /* 0x3E */
+#define INAT_PFX_ES 7 /* 0x26 */
+#define INAT_PFX_FS 8 /* 0x64 */
+#define INAT_PFX_GS 9 /* 0x65 */
+#define INAT_PFX_SS 10 /* 0x36 */
+#define INAT_PFX_ADDRSZ 11 /* 0x67 */
+/* x86-64 REX prefix */
+#define INAT_PFX_REX 12 /* 0x4X */
+/* AVX VEX prefixes */
+#define INAT_PFX_VEX2 13 /* 2-bytes VEX prefix */
+#define INAT_PFX_VEX3 14 /* 3-bytes VEX prefix */
+
+#define INAT_LSTPFX_MAX 3
+#define INAT_LGCPFX_MAX 11
+
+/* Immediate size */
+#define INAT_IMM_BYTE 1
+#define INAT_IMM_WORD 2
+#define INAT_IMM_DWORD 3
+#define INAT_IMM_QWORD 4
+#define INAT_IMM_PTR 5
+#define INAT_IMM_VWORD32 6
+#define INAT_IMM_VWORD 7
+
+/* Legacy prefix */
+#define INAT_PFX_OFFS 0
+#define INAT_PFX_BITS 4
+#define INAT_PFX_MAX ((1 << INAT_PFX_BITS) - 1)
+#define INAT_PFX_MASK (INAT_PFX_MAX << INAT_PFX_OFFS)
+/* Escape opcodes */
+#define INAT_ESC_OFFS (INAT_PFX_OFFS + INAT_PFX_BITS)
+#define INAT_ESC_BITS 2
+#define INAT_ESC_MAX ((1 << INAT_ESC_BITS) - 1)
+#define INAT_ESC_MASK (INAT_ESC_MAX << INAT_ESC_OFFS)
+/* Group opcodes (1-16) */
+#define INAT_GRP_OFFS (INAT_ESC_OFFS + INAT_ESC_BITS)
+#define INAT_GRP_BITS 5
+#define INAT_GRP_MAX ((1 << INAT_GRP_BITS) - 1)
+#define INAT_GRP_MASK (INAT_GRP_MAX << INAT_GRP_OFFS)
+/* Immediates */
+#define INAT_IMM_OFFS (INAT_GRP_OFFS + INAT_GRP_BITS)
+#define INAT_IMM_BITS 3
+#define INAT_IMM_MASK (((1 << INAT_IMM_BITS) - 1) << INAT_IMM_OFFS)
+/* Flags */
+#define INAT_FLAG_OFFS (INAT_IMM_OFFS + INAT_IMM_BITS)
+#define INAT_MODRM (1 << (INAT_FLAG_OFFS))
+#define INAT_FORCE64 (1 << (INAT_FLAG_OFFS + 1))
+#define INAT_SCNDIMM (1 << (INAT_FLAG_OFFS + 2))
+#define INAT_MOFFSET (1 << (INAT_FLAG_OFFS + 3))
+#define INAT_VARIANT (1 << (INAT_FLAG_OFFS + 4))
+#define INAT_VEXOK (1 << (INAT_FLAG_OFFS + 5))
+#define INAT_VEXONLY (1 << (INAT_FLAG_OFFS + 6))
+/* Attribute making macros for attribute tables */
+#define INAT_MAKE_PREFIX(pfx) (pfx << INAT_PFX_OFFS)
+#define INAT_MAKE_ESCAPE(esc) (esc << INAT_ESC_OFFS)
+#define INAT_MAKE_GROUP(grp) ((grp << INAT_GRP_OFFS) | INAT_MODRM)
+#define INAT_MAKE_IMM(imm) (imm << INAT_IMM_OFFS)
+
+/* Attribute search APIs */
+extern insn_attr_t inat_get_opcode_attribute(insn_byte_t opcode);
+extern int inat_get_last_prefix_id(insn_byte_t last_pfx);
+extern insn_attr_t inat_get_escape_attribute(insn_byte_t opcode,
+ int lpfx_id,
+ insn_attr_t esc_attr);
+extern insn_attr_t inat_get_group_attribute(insn_byte_t modrm,
+ int lpfx_id,
+ insn_attr_t esc_attr);
+extern insn_attr_t inat_get_avx_attribute(insn_byte_t opcode,
+ insn_byte_t vex_m,
+ insn_byte_t vex_pp);
+
+/* Attribute checking functions */
+static inline int inat_is_legacy_prefix(insn_attr_t attr)
+{
+ attr &= INAT_PFX_MASK;
+ return attr && attr <= INAT_LGCPFX_MAX;
+}
+
+static inline int inat_is_address_size_prefix(insn_attr_t attr)
+{
+ return (attr & INAT_PFX_MASK) == INAT_PFX_ADDRSZ;
+}
+
+static inline int inat_is_operand_size_prefix(insn_attr_t attr)
+{
+ return (attr & INAT_PFX_MASK) == INAT_PFX_OPNDSZ;
+}
+
+static inline int inat_is_rex_prefix(insn_attr_t attr)
+{
+ return (attr & INAT_PFX_MASK) == INAT_PFX_REX;
+}
+
+static inline int inat_last_prefix_id(insn_attr_t attr)
+{
+ if ((attr & INAT_PFX_MASK) > INAT_LSTPFX_MAX)
+ return 0;
+ else
+ return attr & INAT_PFX_MASK;
+}
+
+static inline int inat_is_vex_prefix(insn_attr_t attr)
+{
+ attr &= INAT_PFX_MASK;
+ return attr == INAT_PFX_VEX2 || attr == INAT_PFX_VEX3;
+}
+
+static inline int inat_is_vex3_prefix(insn_attr_t attr)
+{
+ return (attr & INAT_PFX_MASK) == INAT_PFX_VEX3;
+}
+
+static inline int inat_is_escape(insn_attr_t attr)
+{
+ return attr & INAT_ESC_MASK;
+}
+
+static inline int inat_escape_id(insn_attr_t attr)
+{
+ return (attr & INAT_ESC_MASK) >> INAT_ESC_OFFS;
+}
+
+static inline int inat_is_group(insn_attr_t attr)
+{
+ return attr & INAT_GRP_MASK;
+}
+
+static inline int inat_group_id(insn_attr_t attr)
+{
+ return (attr & INAT_GRP_MASK) >> INAT_GRP_OFFS;
+}
+
+static inline int inat_group_common_attribute(insn_attr_t attr)
+{
+ return attr & ~INAT_GRP_MASK;
+}
+
+static inline int inat_has_immediate(insn_attr_t attr)
+{
+ return attr & INAT_IMM_MASK;
+}
+
+static inline int inat_immediate_size(insn_attr_t attr)
+{
+ return (attr & INAT_IMM_MASK) >> INAT_IMM_OFFS;
+}
+
+static inline int inat_has_modrm(insn_attr_t attr)
+{
+ return attr & INAT_MODRM;
+}
+
+static inline int inat_is_force64(insn_attr_t attr)
+{
+ return attr & INAT_FORCE64;
+}
+
+static inline int inat_has_second_immediate(insn_attr_t attr)
+{
+ return attr & INAT_SCNDIMM;
+}
+
+static inline int inat_has_moffset(insn_attr_t attr)
+{
+ return attr & INAT_MOFFSET;
+}
+
+static inline int inat_has_variant(insn_attr_t attr)
+{
+ return attr & INAT_VARIANT;
+}
+
+static inline int inat_accept_vex(insn_attr_t attr)
+{
+ return attr & INAT_VEXOK;
+}
+
+static inline int inat_must_vex(insn_attr_t attr)
+{
+ return attr & INAT_VEXONLY;
+}
+#endif
diff --git a/tools/objtool/arch/x86/insn/inat_types.h b/tools/objtool/arch/x86/insn/inat_types.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..cb3c20ce39cf
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/objtool/arch/x86/insn/inat_types.h
@@ -0,0 +1,29 @@
+#ifndef _ASM_X86_INAT_TYPES_H
+#define _ASM_X86_INAT_TYPES_H
+/*
+ * x86 instruction attributes
+ *
+ * Written by Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@redhat.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
+ *
+ */
+
+/* Instruction attributes */
+typedef unsigned int insn_attr_t;
+typedef unsigned char insn_byte_t;
+typedef signed int insn_value_t;
+
+#endif
diff --git a/tools/objtool/arch/x86/insn/insn.c b/tools/objtool/arch/x86/insn/insn.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..9f26eae6c9f0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/objtool/arch/x86/insn/insn.c
@@ -0,0 +1,594 @@
+/*
+ * x86 instruction analysis
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2002, 2004, 2009
+ */
+
+#ifdef __KERNEL__
+#include <linux/string.h>
+#else
+#include <string.h>
+#endif
+#include "inat.h"
+#include "insn.h"
+
+/* Verify next sizeof(t) bytes can be on the same instruction */
+#define validate_next(t, insn, n) \
+ ((insn)->next_byte + sizeof(t) + n <= (insn)->end_kaddr)
+
+#define __get_next(t, insn) \
+ ({ t r = *(t*)insn->next_byte; insn->next_byte += sizeof(t); r; })
+
+#define __peek_nbyte_next(t, insn, n) \
+ ({ t r = *(t*)((insn)->next_byte + n); r; })
+
+#define get_next(t, insn) \
+ ({ if (unlikely(!validate_next(t, insn, 0))) goto err_out; __get_next(t, insn); })
+
+#define peek_nbyte_next(t, insn, n) \
+ ({ if (unlikely(!validate_next(t, insn, n))) goto err_out; __peek_nbyte_next(t, insn, n); })
+
+#define peek_next(t, insn) peek_nbyte_next(t, insn, 0)
+
+/**
+ * insn_init() - initialize struct insn
+ * @insn: &struct insn to be initialized
+ * @kaddr: address (in kernel memory) of instruction (or copy thereof)
+ * @x86_64: !0 for 64-bit kernel or 64-bit app
+ */
+void insn_init(struct insn *insn, const void *kaddr, int buf_len, int x86_64)
+{
+ /*
+ * Instructions longer than MAX_INSN_SIZE (15 bytes) are invalid
+ * even if the input buffer is long enough to hold them.
+ */
+ if (buf_len > MAX_INSN_SIZE)
+ buf_len = MAX_INSN_SIZE;
+
+ memset(insn, 0, sizeof(*insn));
+ insn->kaddr = kaddr;
+ insn->end_kaddr = kaddr + buf_len;
+ insn->next_byte = kaddr;
+ insn->x86_64 = x86_64 ? 1 : 0;
+ insn->opnd_bytes = 4;
+ if (x86_64)
+ insn->addr_bytes = 8;
+ else
+ insn->addr_bytes = 4;
+}
+
+/**
+ * insn_get_prefixes - scan x86 instruction prefix bytes
+ * @insn: &struct insn containing instruction
+ *
+ * Populates the @insn->prefixes bitmap, and updates @insn->next_byte
+ * to point to the (first) opcode. No effect if @insn->prefixes.got
+ * is already set.
+ */
+void insn_get_prefixes(struct insn *insn)
+{
+ struct insn_field *prefixes = &insn->prefixes;
+ insn_attr_t attr;
+ insn_byte_t b, lb;
+ int i, nb;
+
+ if (prefixes->got)
+ return;
+
+ nb = 0;
+ lb = 0;
+ b = peek_next(insn_byte_t, insn);
+ attr = inat_get_opcode_attribute(b);
+ while (inat_is_legacy_prefix(attr)) {
+ /* Skip if same prefix */
+ for (i = 0; i < nb; i++)
+ if (prefixes->bytes[i] == b)
+ goto found;
+ if (nb == 4)
+ /* Invalid instruction */
+ break;
+ prefixes->bytes[nb++] = b;
+ if (inat_is_address_size_prefix(attr)) {
+ /* address size switches 2/4 or 4/8 */
+ if (insn->x86_64)
+ insn->addr_bytes ^= 12;
+ else
+ insn->addr_bytes ^= 6;
+ } else if (inat_is_operand_size_prefix(attr)) {
+ /* oprand size switches 2/4 */
+ insn->opnd_bytes ^= 6;
+ }
+found:
+ prefixes->nbytes++;
+ insn->next_byte++;
+ lb = b;
+ b = peek_next(insn_byte_t, insn);
+ attr = inat_get_opcode_attribute(b);
+ }
+ /* Set the last prefix */
+ if (lb && lb != insn->prefixes.bytes[3]) {
+ if (unlikely(insn->prefixes.bytes[3])) {
+ /* Swap the last prefix */
+ b = insn->prefixes.bytes[3];
+ for (i = 0; i < nb; i++)
+ if (prefixes->bytes[i] == lb)
+ prefixes->bytes[i] = b;
+ }
+ insn->prefixes.bytes[3] = lb;
+ }
+
+ /* Decode REX prefix */
+ if (insn->x86_64) {
+ b = peek_next(insn_byte_t, insn);
+ attr = inat_get_opcode_attribute(b);
+ if (inat_is_rex_prefix(attr)) {
+ insn->rex_prefix.value = b;
+ insn->rex_prefix.nbytes = 1;
+ insn->next_byte++;
+ if (X86_REX_W(b))
+ /* REX.W overrides opnd_size */
+ insn->opnd_bytes = 8;
+ }
+ }
+ insn->rex_prefix.got = 1;
+
+ /* Decode VEX prefix */
+ b = peek_next(insn_byte_t, insn);
+ attr = inat_get_opcode_attribute(b);
+ if (inat_is_vex_prefix(attr)) {
+ insn_byte_t b2 = peek_nbyte_next(insn_byte_t, insn, 1);
+ if (!insn->x86_64) {
+ /*
+ * In 32-bits mode, if the [7:6] bits (mod bits of
+ * ModRM) on the second byte are not 11b, it is
+ * LDS or LES.
+ */
+ if (X86_MODRM_MOD(b2) != 3)
+ goto vex_end;
+ }
+ insn->vex_prefix.bytes[0] = b;
+ insn->vex_prefix.bytes[1] = b2;
+ if (inat_is_vex3_prefix(attr)) {
+ b2 = peek_nbyte_next(insn_byte_t, insn, 2);
+ insn->vex_prefix.bytes[2] = b2;
+ insn->vex_prefix.nbytes = 3;
+ insn->next_byte += 3;
+ if (insn->x86_64 && X86_VEX_W(b2))
+ /* VEX.W overrides opnd_size */
+ insn->opnd_bytes = 8;
+ } else {
+ /*
+ * For VEX2, fake VEX3-like byte#2.
+ * Makes it easier to decode vex.W, vex.vvvv,
+ * vex.L and vex.pp. Masking with 0x7f sets vex.W == 0.
+ */
+ insn->vex_prefix.bytes[2] = b2 & 0x7f;
+ insn->vex_prefix.nbytes = 2;
+ insn->next_byte += 2;
+ }
+ }
+vex_end:
+ insn->vex_prefix.got = 1;
+
+ prefixes->got = 1;
+
+err_out:
+ return;
+}
+
+/**
+ * insn_get_opcode - collect opcode(s)
+ * @insn: &struct insn containing instruction
+ *
+ * Populates @insn->opcode, updates @insn->next_byte to point past the
+ * opcode byte(s), and set @insn->attr (except for groups).
+ * If necessary, first collects any preceding (prefix) bytes.
+ * Sets @insn->opcode.value = opcode1. No effect if @insn->opcode.got
+ * is already 1.
+ */
+void insn_get_opcode(struct insn *insn)
+{
+ struct insn_field *opcode = &insn->opcode;
+ insn_byte_t op;
+ int pfx_id;
+ if (opcode->got)
+ return;
+ if (!insn->prefixes.got)
+ insn_get_prefixes(insn);
+
+ /* Get first opcode */
+ op = get_next(insn_byte_t, insn);
+ opcode->bytes[0] = op;
+ opcode->nbytes = 1;
+
+ /* Check if there is VEX prefix or not */
+ if (insn_is_avx(insn)) {
+ insn_byte_t m, p;
+ m = insn_vex_m_bits(insn);
+ p = insn_vex_p_bits(insn);
+ insn->attr = inat_get_avx_attribute(op, m, p);
+ if (!inat_accept_vex(insn->attr) && !inat_is_group(insn->attr))
+ insn->attr = 0; /* This instruction is bad */
+ goto end; /* VEX has only 1 byte for opcode */
+ }
+
+ insn->attr = inat_get_opcode_attribute(op);
+ while (inat_is_escape(insn->attr)) {
+ /* Get escaped opcode */
+ op = get_next(insn_byte_t, insn);
+ opcode->bytes[opcode->nbytes++] = op;
+ pfx_id = insn_last_prefix_id(insn);
+ insn->attr = inat_get_escape_attribute(op, pfx_id, insn->attr);
+ }
+ if (inat_must_vex(insn->attr))
+ insn->attr = 0; /* This instruction is bad */
+end:
+ opcode->got = 1;
+
+err_out:
+ return;
+}
+
+/**
+ * insn_get_modrm - collect ModRM byte, if any
+ * @insn: &struct insn containing instruction
+ *
+ * Populates @insn->modrm and updates @insn->next_byte to point past the
+ * ModRM byte, if any. If necessary, first collects the preceding bytes
+ * (prefixes and opcode(s)). No effect if @insn->modrm.got is already 1.
+ */
+void insn_get_modrm(struct insn *insn)
+{
+ struct insn_field *modrm = &insn->modrm;
+ insn_byte_t pfx_id, mod;
+ if (modrm->got)
+ return;
+ if (!insn->opcode.got)
+ insn_get_opcode(insn);
+
+ if (inat_has_modrm(insn->attr)) {
+ mod = get_next(insn_byte_t, insn);
+ modrm->value = mod;
+ modrm->nbytes = 1;
+ if (inat_is_group(insn->attr)) {
+ pfx_id = insn_last_prefix_id(insn);
+ insn->attr = inat_get_group_attribute(mod, pfx_id,
+ insn->attr);
+ if (insn_is_avx(insn) && !inat_accept_vex(insn->attr))
+ insn->attr = 0; /* This is bad */
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (insn->x86_64 && inat_is_force64(insn->attr))
+ insn->opnd_bytes = 8;
+ modrm->got = 1;
+
+err_out:
+ return;
+}
+
+
+/**
+ * insn_rip_relative() - Does instruction use RIP-relative addressing mode?
+ * @insn: &struct insn containing instruction
+ *
+ * If necessary, first collects the instruction up to and including the
+ * ModRM byte. No effect if @insn->x86_64 is 0.
+ */
+int insn_rip_relative(struct insn *insn)
+{
+ struct insn_field *modrm = &insn->modrm;
+
+ if (!insn->x86_64)
+ return 0;
+ if (!modrm->got)
+ insn_get_modrm(insn);
+ /*
+ * For rip-relative instructions, the mod field (top 2 bits)
+ * is zero and the r/m field (bottom 3 bits) is 0x5.
+ */
+ return (modrm->nbytes && (modrm->value & 0xc7) == 0x5);
+}
+
+/**
+ * insn_get_sib() - Get the SIB byte of instruction
+ * @insn: &struct insn containing instruction
+ *
+ * If necessary, first collects the instruction up to and including the
+ * ModRM byte.
+ */
+void insn_get_sib(struct insn *insn)
+{
+ insn_byte_t modrm;
+
+ if (insn->sib.got)
+ return;
+ if (!insn->modrm.got)
+ insn_get_modrm(insn);
+ if (insn->modrm.nbytes) {
+ modrm = (insn_byte_t)insn->modrm.value;
+ if (insn->addr_bytes != 2 &&
+ X86_MODRM_MOD(modrm) != 3 && X86_MODRM_RM(modrm) == 4) {
+ insn->sib.value = get_next(insn_byte_t, insn);
+ insn->sib.nbytes = 1;
+ }
+ }
+ insn->sib.got = 1;
+
+err_out:
+ return;
+}
+
+
+/**
+ * insn_get_displacement() - Get the displacement of instruction
+ * @insn: &struct insn containing instruction
+ *
+ * If necessary, first collects the instruction up to and including the
+ * SIB byte.
+ * Displacement value is sign-expanded.
+ */
+void insn_get_displacement(struct insn *insn)
+{
+ insn_byte_t mod, rm, base;
+
+ if (insn->displacement.got)
+ return;
+ if (!insn->sib.got)
+ insn_get_sib(insn);
+ if (insn->modrm.nbytes) {
+ /*
+ * Interpreting the modrm byte:
+ * mod = 00 - no displacement fields (exceptions below)
+ * mod = 01 - 1-byte displacement field
+ * mod = 10 - displacement field is 4 bytes, or 2 bytes if
+ * address size = 2 (0x67 prefix in 32-bit mode)
+ * mod = 11 - no memory operand
+ *
+ * If address size = 2...
+ * mod = 00, r/m = 110 - displacement field is 2 bytes
+ *
+ * If address size != 2...
+ * mod != 11, r/m = 100 - SIB byte exists
+ * mod = 00, SIB base = 101 - displacement field is 4 bytes
+ * mod = 00, r/m = 101 - rip-relative addressing, displacement
+ * field is 4 bytes
+ */
+ mod = X86_MODRM_MOD(insn->modrm.value);
+ rm = X86_MODRM_RM(insn->modrm.value);
+ base = X86_SIB_BASE(insn->sib.value);
+ if (mod == 3)
+ goto out;
+ if (mod == 1) {
+ insn->displacement.value = get_next(signed char, insn);
+ insn->displacement.nbytes = 1;
+ } else if (insn->addr_bytes == 2) {
+ if ((mod == 0 && rm == 6) || mod == 2) {
+ insn->displacement.value =
+ get_next(short, insn);
+ insn->displacement.nbytes = 2;
+ }
+ } else {
+ if ((mod == 0 && rm == 5) || mod == 2 ||
+ (mod == 0 && base == 5)) {
+ insn->displacement.value = get_next(int, insn);
+ insn->displacement.nbytes = 4;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+out:
+ insn->displacement.got = 1;
+
+err_out:
+ return;
+}
+
+/* Decode moffset16/32/64. Return 0 if failed */
+static int __get_moffset(struct insn *insn)
+{
+ switch (insn->addr_bytes) {
+ case 2:
+ insn->moffset1.value = get_next(short, insn);
+ insn->moffset1.nbytes = 2;
+ break;
+ case 4:
+ insn->moffset1.value = get_next(int, insn);
+ insn->moffset1.nbytes = 4;
+ break;
+ case 8:
+ insn->moffset1.value = get_next(int, insn);
+ insn->moffset1.nbytes = 4;
+ insn->moffset2.value = get_next(int, insn);
+ insn->moffset2.nbytes = 4;
+ break;
+ default: /* opnd_bytes must be modified manually */
+ goto err_out;
+ }
+ insn->moffset1.got = insn->moffset2.got = 1;
+
+ return 1;
+
+err_out:
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* Decode imm v32(Iz). Return 0 if failed */
+static int __get_immv32(struct insn *insn)
+{
+ switch (insn->opnd_bytes) {
+ case 2:
+ insn->immediate.value = get_next(short, insn);
+ insn->immediate.nbytes = 2;
+ break;
+ case 4:
+ case 8:
+ insn->immediate.value = get_next(int, insn);
+ insn->immediate.nbytes = 4;
+ break;
+ default: /* opnd_bytes must be modified manually */
+ goto err_out;
+ }
+
+ return 1;
+
+err_out:
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* Decode imm v64(Iv/Ov), Return 0 if failed */
+static int __get_immv(struct insn *insn)
+{
+ switch (insn->opnd_bytes) {
+ case 2:
+ insn->immediate1.value = get_next(short, insn);
+ insn->immediate1.nbytes = 2;
+ break;
+ case 4:
+ insn->immediate1.value = get_next(int, insn);
+ insn->immediate1.nbytes = 4;
+ break;
+ case 8:
+ insn->immediate1.value = get_next(int, insn);
+ insn->immediate1.nbytes = 4;
+ insn->immediate2.value = get_next(int, insn);
+ insn->immediate2.nbytes = 4;
+ break;
+ default: /* opnd_bytes must be modified manually */
+ goto err_out;
+ }
+ insn->immediate1.got = insn->immediate2.got = 1;
+
+ return 1;
+err_out:
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* Decode ptr16:16/32(Ap) */
+static int __get_immptr(struct insn *insn)
+{
+ switch (insn->opnd_bytes) {
+ case 2:
+ insn->immediate1.value = get_next(short, insn);
+ insn->immediate1.nbytes = 2;
+ break;
+ case 4:
+ insn->immediate1.value = get_next(int, insn);
+ insn->immediate1.nbytes = 4;
+ break;
+ case 8:
+ /* ptr16:64 is not exist (no segment) */
+ return 0;
+ default: /* opnd_bytes must be modified manually */
+ goto err_out;
+ }
+ insn->immediate2.value = get_next(unsigned short, insn);
+ insn->immediate2.nbytes = 2;
+ insn->immediate1.got = insn->immediate2.got = 1;
+
+ return 1;
+err_out:
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * insn_get_immediate() - Get the immediates of instruction
+ * @insn: &struct insn containing instruction
+ *
+ * If necessary, first collects the instruction up to and including the
+ * displacement bytes.
+ * Basically, most of immediates are sign-expanded. Unsigned-value can be
+ * get by bit masking with ((1 << (nbytes * 8)) - 1)
+ */
+void insn_get_immediate(struct insn *insn)
+{
+ if (insn->immediate.got)
+ return;
+ if (!insn->displacement.got)
+ insn_get_displacement(insn);
+
+ if (inat_has_moffset(insn->attr)) {
+ if (!__get_moffset(insn))
+ goto err_out;
+ goto done;
+ }
+
+ if (!inat_has_immediate(insn->attr))
+ /* no immediates */
+ goto done;
+
+ switch (inat_immediate_size(insn->attr)) {
+ case INAT_IMM_BYTE:
+ insn->immediate.value = get_next(signed char, insn);
+ insn->immediate.nbytes = 1;
+ break;
+ case INAT_IMM_WORD:
+ insn->immediate.value = get_next(short, insn);
+ insn->immediate.nbytes = 2;
+ break;
+ case INAT_IMM_DWORD:
+ insn->immediate.value = get_next(int, insn);
+ insn->immediate.nbytes = 4;
+ break;
+ case INAT_IMM_QWORD:
+ insn->immediate1.value = get_next(int, insn);
+ insn->immediate1.nbytes = 4;
+ insn->immediate2.value = get_next(int, insn);
+ insn->immediate2.nbytes = 4;
+ break;
+ case INAT_IMM_PTR:
+ if (!__get_immptr(insn))
+ goto err_out;
+ break;
+ case INAT_IMM_VWORD32:
+ if (!__get_immv32(insn))
+ goto err_out;
+ break;
+ case INAT_IMM_VWORD:
+ if (!__get_immv(insn))
+ goto err_out;
+ break;
+ default:
+ /* Here, insn must have an immediate, but failed */
+ goto err_out;
+ }
+ if (inat_has_second_immediate(insn->attr)) {
+ insn->immediate2.value = get_next(signed char, insn);
+ insn->immediate2.nbytes = 1;
+ }
+done:
+ insn->immediate.got = 1;
+
+err_out:
+ return;
+}
+
+/**
+ * insn_get_length() - Get the length of instruction
+ * @insn: &struct insn containing instruction
+ *
+ * If necessary, first collects the instruction up to and including the
+ * immediates bytes.
+ */
+void insn_get_length(struct insn *insn)
+{
+ if (insn->length)
+ return;
+ if (!insn->immediate.got)
+ insn_get_immediate(insn);
+ insn->length = (unsigned char)((unsigned long)insn->next_byte
+ - (unsigned long)insn->kaddr);
+}
diff --git a/tools/objtool/arch/x86/insn/insn.h b/tools/objtool/arch/x86/insn/insn.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..dd12da0f4593
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/objtool/arch/x86/insn/insn.h
@@ -0,0 +1,201 @@
+#ifndef _ASM_X86_INSN_H
+#define _ASM_X86_INSN_H
+/*
+ * x86 instruction analysis
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2009
+ */
+
+/* insn_attr_t is defined in inat.h */
+#include "inat.h"
+
+struct insn_field {
+ union {
+ insn_value_t value;
+ insn_byte_t bytes[4];
+ };
+ /* !0 if we've run insn_get_xxx() for this field */
+ unsigned char got;
+ unsigned char nbytes;
+};
+
+struct insn {
+ struct insn_field prefixes; /*
+ * Prefixes
+ * prefixes.bytes[3]: last prefix
+ */
+ struct insn_field rex_prefix; /* REX prefix */
+ struct insn_field vex_prefix; /* VEX prefix */
+ struct insn_field opcode; /*
+ * opcode.bytes[0]: opcode1
+ * opcode.bytes[1]: opcode2
+ * opcode.bytes[2]: opcode3
+ */
+ struct insn_field modrm;
+ struct insn_field sib;
+ struct insn_field displacement;
+ union {
+ struct insn_field immediate;
+ struct insn_field moffset1; /* for 64bit MOV */
+ struct insn_field immediate1; /* for 64bit imm or off16/32 */
+ };
+ union {
+ struct insn_field moffset2; /* for 64bit MOV */
+ struct insn_field immediate2; /* for 64bit imm or seg16 */
+ };
+
+ insn_attr_t attr;
+ unsigned char opnd_bytes;
+ unsigned char addr_bytes;
+ unsigned char length;
+ unsigned char x86_64;
+
+ const insn_byte_t *kaddr; /* kernel address of insn to analyze */
+ const insn_byte_t *end_kaddr; /* kernel address of last insn in buffer */
+ const insn_byte_t *next_byte;
+};
+
+#define MAX_INSN_SIZE 15
+
+#define X86_MODRM_MOD(modrm) (((modrm) & 0xc0) >> 6)
+#define X86_MODRM_REG(modrm) (((modrm) & 0x38) >> 3)
+#define X86_MODRM_RM(modrm) ((modrm) & 0x07)
+
+#define X86_SIB_SCALE(sib) (((sib) & 0xc0) >> 6)
+#define X86_SIB_INDEX(sib) (((sib) & 0x38) >> 3)
+#define X86_SIB_BASE(sib) ((sib) & 0x07)
+
+#define X86_REX_W(rex) ((rex) & 8)
+#define X86_REX_R(rex) ((rex) & 4)
+#define X86_REX_X(rex) ((rex) & 2)
+#define X86_REX_B(rex) ((rex) & 1)
+
+/* VEX bit flags */
+#define X86_VEX_W(vex) ((vex) & 0x80) /* VEX3 Byte2 */
+#define X86_VEX_R(vex) ((vex) & 0x80) /* VEX2/3 Byte1 */
+#define X86_VEX_X(vex) ((vex) & 0x40) /* VEX3 Byte1 */
+#define X86_VEX_B(vex) ((vex) & 0x20) /* VEX3 Byte1 */
+#define X86_VEX_L(vex) ((vex) & 0x04) /* VEX3 Byte2, VEX2 Byte1 */
+/* VEX bit fields */
+#define X86_VEX3_M(vex) ((vex) & 0x1f) /* VEX3 Byte1 */
+#define X86_VEX2_M 1 /* VEX2.M always 1 */
+#define X86_VEX_V(vex) (((vex) & 0x78) >> 3) /* VEX3 Byte2, VEX2 Byte1 */
+#define X86_VEX_P(vex) ((vex) & 0x03) /* VEX3 Byte2, VEX2 Byte1 */
+#define X86_VEX_M_MAX 0x1f /* VEX3.M Maximum value */
+
+extern void insn_init(struct insn *insn, const void *kaddr, int buf_len, int x86_64);
+extern void insn_get_prefixes(struct insn *insn);
+extern void insn_get_opcode(struct insn *insn);
+extern void insn_get_modrm(struct insn *insn);
+extern void insn_get_sib(struct insn *insn);
+extern void insn_get_displacement(struct insn *insn);
+extern void insn_get_immediate(struct insn *insn);
+extern void insn_get_length(struct insn *insn);
+
+/* Attribute will be determined after getting ModRM (for opcode groups) */
+static inline void insn_get_attribute(struct insn *insn)
+{
+ insn_get_modrm(insn);
+}
+
+/* Instruction uses RIP-relative addressing */
+extern int insn_rip_relative(struct insn *insn);
+
+/* Init insn for kernel text */
+static inline void kernel_insn_init(struct insn *insn,
+ const void *kaddr, int buf_len)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+ insn_init(insn, kaddr, buf_len, 1);
+#else /* CONFIG_X86_32 */
+ insn_init(insn, kaddr, buf_len, 0);
+#endif
+}
+
+static inline int insn_is_avx(struct insn *insn)
+{
+ if (!insn->prefixes.got)
+ insn_get_prefixes(insn);
+ return (insn->vex_prefix.value != 0);
+}
+
+/* Ensure this instruction is decoded completely */
+static inline int insn_complete(struct insn *insn)
+{
+ return insn->opcode.got && insn->modrm.got && insn->sib.got &&
+ insn->displacement.got && insn->immediate.got;
+}
+
+static inline insn_byte_t insn_vex_m_bits(struct insn *insn)
+{
+ if (insn->vex_prefix.nbytes == 2) /* 2 bytes VEX */
+ return X86_VEX2_M;
+ else
+ return X86_VEX3_M(insn->vex_prefix.bytes[1]);
+}
+
+static inline insn_byte_t insn_vex_p_bits(struct insn *insn)
+{
+ if (insn->vex_prefix.nbytes == 2) /* 2 bytes VEX */
+ return X86_VEX_P(insn->vex_prefix.bytes[1]);
+ else
+ return X86_VEX_P(insn->vex_prefix.bytes[2]);
+}
+
+/* Get the last prefix id from last prefix or VEX prefix */
+static inline int insn_last_prefix_id(struct insn *insn)
+{
+ if (insn_is_avx(insn))
+ return insn_vex_p_bits(insn); /* VEX_p is a SIMD prefix id */
+
+ if (insn->prefixes.bytes[3])
+ return inat_get_last_prefix_id(insn->prefixes.bytes[3]);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* Offset of each field from kaddr */
+static inline int insn_offset_rex_prefix(struct insn *insn)
+{
+ return insn->prefixes.nbytes;
+}
+static inline int insn_offset_vex_prefix(struct insn *insn)
+{
+ return insn_offset_rex_prefix(insn) + insn->rex_prefix.nbytes;
+}
+static inline int insn_offset_opcode(struct insn *insn)
+{
+ return insn_offset_vex_prefix(insn) + insn->vex_prefix.nbytes;
+}
+static inline int insn_offset_modrm(struct insn *insn)
+{
+ return insn_offset_opcode(insn) + insn->opcode.nbytes;
+}
+static inline int insn_offset_sib(struct insn *insn)
+{
+ return insn_offset_modrm(insn) + insn->modrm.nbytes;
+}
+static inline int insn_offset_displacement(struct insn *insn)
+{
+ return insn_offset_sib(insn) + insn->sib.nbytes;
+}
+static inline int insn_offset_immediate(struct insn *insn)
+{
+ return insn_offset_displacement(insn) + insn->displacement.nbytes;
+}
+
+#endif /* _ASM_X86_INSN_H */
diff --git a/tools/objtool/arch/x86/insn/x86-opcode-map.txt b/tools/objtool/arch/x86/insn/x86-opcode-map.txt
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..d388de72eaca
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/objtool/arch/x86/insn/x86-opcode-map.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,984 @@
+# x86 Opcode Maps
+#
+# This is (mostly) based on following documentations.
+# - Intel(R) 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer's Manual Vol.2C
+# (#326018-047US, June 2013)
+#
+#<Opcode maps>
+# Table: table-name
+# Referrer: escaped-name
+# AVXcode: avx-code
+# opcode: mnemonic|GrpXXX [operand1[,operand2...]] [(extra1)[,(extra2)...] [| 2nd-mnemonic ...]
+# (or)
+# opcode: escape # escaped-name
+# EndTable
+#
+#<group maps>
+# GrpTable: GrpXXX
+# reg: mnemonic [operand1[,operand2...]] [(extra1)[,(extra2)...] [| 2nd-mnemonic ...]
+# EndTable
+#
+# AVX Superscripts
+# (v): this opcode requires VEX prefix.
+# (v1): this opcode only supports 128bit VEX.
+#
+# Last Prefix Superscripts
+# - (66): the last prefix is 0x66
+# - (F3): the last prefix is 0xF3
+# - (F2): the last prefix is 0xF2
+# - (!F3) : the last prefix is not 0xF3 (including non-last prefix case)
+# - (66&F2): Both 0x66 and 0xF2 prefixes are specified.
+
+Table: one byte opcode
+Referrer:
+AVXcode:
+# 0x00 - 0x0f
+00: ADD Eb,Gb
+01: ADD Ev,Gv
+02: ADD Gb,Eb
+03: ADD Gv,Ev
+04: ADD AL,Ib
+05: ADD rAX,Iz
+06: PUSH ES (i64)
+07: POP ES (i64)
+08: OR Eb,Gb
+09: OR Ev,Gv
+0a: OR Gb,Eb
+0b: OR Gv,Ev
+0c: OR AL,Ib
+0d: OR rAX,Iz
+0e: PUSH CS (i64)
+0f: escape # 2-byte escape
+# 0x10 - 0x1f
+10: ADC Eb,Gb
+11: ADC Ev,Gv
+12: ADC Gb,Eb
+13: ADC Gv,Ev
+14: ADC AL,Ib
+15: ADC rAX,Iz
+16: PUSH SS (i64)
+17: POP SS (i64)
+18: SBB Eb,Gb
+19: SBB Ev,Gv
+1a: SBB Gb,Eb
+1b: SBB Gv,Ev
+1c: SBB AL,Ib
+1d: SBB rAX,Iz
+1e: PUSH DS (i64)
+1f: POP DS (i64)
+# 0x20 - 0x2f
+20: AND Eb,Gb
+21: AND Ev,Gv
+22: AND Gb,Eb
+23: AND Gv,Ev
+24: AND AL,Ib
+25: AND rAx,Iz
+26: SEG=ES (Prefix)
+27: DAA (i64)
+28: SUB Eb,Gb
+29: SUB Ev,Gv
+2a: SUB Gb,Eb
+2b: SUB Gv,Ev
+2c: SUB AL,Ib
+2d: SUB rAX,Iz
+2e: SEG=CS (Prefix)
+2f: DAS (i64)
+# 0x30 - 0x3f
+30: XOR Eb,Gb
+31: XOR Ev,Gv
+32: XOR Gb,Eb
+33: XOR Gv,Ev
+34: XOR AL,Ib
+35: XOR rAX,Iz
+36: SEG=SS (Prefix)
+37: AAA (i64)
+38: CMP Eb,Gb
+39: CMP Ev,Gv
+3a: CMP Gb,Eb
+3b: CMP Gv,Ev
+3c: CMP AL,Ib
+3d: CMP rAX,Iz
+3e: SEG=DS (Prefix)
+3f: AAS (i64)
+# 0x40 - 0x4f
+40: INC eAX (i64) | REX (o64)
+41: INC eCX (i64) | REX.B (o64)
+42: INC eDX (i64) | REX.X (o64)
+43: INC eBX (i64) | REX.XB (o64)
+44: INC eSP (i64) | REX.R (o64)
+45: INC eBP (i64) | REX.RB (o64)
+46: INC eSI (i64) | REX.RX (o64)
+47: INC eDI (i64) | REX.RXB (o64)
+48: DEC eAX (i64) | REX.W (o64)
+49: DEC eCX (i64) | REX.WB (o64)
+4a: DEC eDX (i64) | REX.WX (o64)
+4b: DEC eBX (i64) | REX.WXB (o64)
+4c: DEC eSP (i64) | REX.WR (o64)
+4d: DEC eBP (i64) | REX.WRB (o64)
+4e: DEC eSI (i64) | REX.WRX (o64)
+4f: DEC eDI (i64) | REX.WRXB (o64)
+# 0x50 - 0x5f
+50: PUSH rAX/r8 (d64)
+51: PUSH rCX/r9 (d64)
+52: PUSH rDX/r10 (d64)
+53: PUSH rBX/r11 (d64)
+54: PUSH rSP/r12 (d64)
+55: PUSH rBP/r13 (d64)
+56: PUSH rSI/r14 (d64)
+57: PUSH rDI/r15 (d64)
+58: POP rAX/r8 (d64)
+59: POP rCX/r9 (d64)
+5a: POP rDX/r10 (d64)
+5b: POP rBX/r11 (d64)
+5c: POP rSP/r12 (d64)
+5d: POP rBP/r13 (d64)
+5e: POP rSI/r14 (d64)
+5f: POP rDI/r15 (d64)
+# 0x60 - 0x6f
+60: PUSHA/PUSHAD (i64)
+61: POPA/POPAD (i64)
+62: BOUND Gv,Ma (i64)
+63: ARPL Ew,Gw (i64) | MOVSXD Gv,Ev (o64)
+64: SEG=FS (Prefix)
+65: SEG=GS (Prefix)
+66: Operand-Size (Prefix)
+67: Address-Size (Prefix)
+68: PUSH Iz (d64)
+69: IMUL Gv,Ev,Iz
+6a: PUSH Ib (d64)
+6b: IMUL Gv,Ev,Ib
+6c: INS/INSB Yb,DX
+6d: INS/INSW/INSD Yz,DX
+6e: OUTS/OUTSB DX,Xb
+6f: OUTS/OUTSW/OUTSD DX,Xz
+# 0x70 - 0x7f
+70: JO Jb
+71: JNO Jb
+72: JB/JNAE/JC Jb
+73: JNB/JAE/JNC Jb
+74: JZ/JE Jb
+75: JNZ/JNE Jb
+76: JBE/JNA Jb
+77: JNBE/JA Jb
+78: JS Jb
+79: JNS Jb
+7a: JP/JPE Jb
+7b: JNP/JPO Jb
+7c: JL/JNGE Jb
+7d: JNL/JGE Jb
+7e: JLE/JNG Jb
+7f: JNLE/JG Jb
+# 0x80 - 0x8f
+80: Grp1 Eb,Ib (1A)
+81: Grp1 Ev,Iz (1A)
+82: Grp1 Eb,Ib (1A),(i64)
+83: Grp1 Ev,Ib (1A)
+84: TEST Eb,Gb
+85: TEST Ev,Gv
+86: XCHG Eb,Gb
+87: XCHG Ev,Gv
+88: MOV Eb,Gb
+89: MOV Ev,Gv
+8a: MOV Gb,Eb
+8b: MOV Gv,Ev
+8c: MOV Ev,Sw
+8d: LEA Gv,M
+8e: MOV Sw,Ew
+8f: Grp1A (1A) | POP Ev (d64)
+# 0x90 - 0x9f
+90: NOP | PAUSE (F3) | XCHG r8,rAX
+91: XCHG rCX/r9,rAX
+92: XCHG rDX/r10,rAX
+93: XCHG rBX/r11,rAX
+94: XCHG rSP/r12,rAX
+95: XCHG rBP/r13,rAX
+96: XCHG rSI/r14,rAX
+97: XCHG rDI/r15,rAX
+98: CBW/CWDE/CDQE
+99: CWD/CDQ/CQO
+9a: CALLF Ap (i64)
+9b: FWAIT/WAIT
+9c: PUSHF/D/Q Fv (d64)
+9d: POPF/D/Q Fv (d64)
+9e: SAHF
+9f: LAHF
+# 0xa0 - 0xaf
+a0: MOV AL,Ob
+a1: MOV rAX,Ov
+a2: MOV Ob,AL
+a3: MOV Ov,rAX
+a4: MOVS/B Yb,Xb
+a5: MOVS/W/D/Q Yv,Xv
+a6: CMPS/B Xb,Yb
+a7: CMPS/W/D Xv,Yv
+a8: TEST AL,Ib
+a9: TEST rAX,Iz
+aa: STOS/B Yb,AL
+ab: STOS/W/D/Q Yv,rAX
+ac: LODS/B AL,Xb
+ad: LODS/W/D/Q rAX,Xv
+ae: SCAS/B AL,Yb
+# Note: The May 2011 Intel manual shows Xv for the second parameter of the
+# next instruction but Yv is correct
+af: SCAS/W/D/Q rAX,Yv
+# 0xb0 - 0xbf
+b0: MOV AL/R8L,Ib
+b1: MOV CL/R9L,Ib
+b2: MOV DL/R10L,Ib
+b3: MOV BL/R11L,Ib
+b4: MOV AH/R12L,Ib
+b5: MOV CH/R13L,Ib
+b6: MOV DH/R14L,Ib
+b7: MOV BH/R15L,Ib
+b8: MOV rAX/r8,Iv
+b9: MOV rCX/r9,Iv
+ba: MOV rDX/r10,Iv
+bb: MOV rBX/r11,Iv
+bc: MOV rSP/r12,Iv
+bd: MOV rBP/r13,Iv
+be: MOV rSI/r14,Iv
+bf: MOV rDI/r15,Iv
+# 0xc0 - 0xcf
+c0: Grp2 Eb,Ib (1A)
+c1: Grp2 Ev,Ib (1A)
+c2: RETN Iw (f64)
+c3: RETN
+c4: LES Gz,Mp (i64) | VEX+2byte (Prefix)
+c5: LDS Gz,Mp (i64) | VEX+1byte (Prefix)
+c6: Grp11A Eb,Ib (1A)
+c7: Grp11B Ev,Iz (1A)
+c8: ENTER Iw,Ib
+c9: LEAVE (d64)
+ca: RETF Iw
+cb: RETF
+cc: INT3
+cd: INT Ib
+ce: INTO (i64)
+cf: IRET/D/Q
+# 0xd0 - 0xdf
+d0: Grp2 Eb,1 (1A)
+d1: Grp2 Ev,1 (1A)
+d2: Grp2 Eb,CL (1A)
+d3: Grp2 Ev,CL (1A)
+d4: AAM Ib (i64)
+d5: AAD Ib (i64)
+d6:
+d7: XLAT/XLATB
+d8: ESC
+d9: ESC
+da: ESC
+db: ESC
+dc: ESC
+dd: ESC
+de: ESC
+df: ESC
+# 0xe0 - 0xef
+# Note: "forced64" is Intel CPU behavior: they ignore 0x66 prefix
+# in 64-bit mode. AMD CPUs accept 0x66 prefix, it causes RIP truncation
+# to 16 bits. In 32-bit mode, 0x66 is accepted by both Intel and AMD.
+e0: LOOPNE/LOOPNZ Jb (f64)
+e1: LOOPE/LOOPZ Jb (f64)
+e2: LOOP Jb (f64)
+e3: JrCXZ Jb (f64)
+e4: IN AL,Ib
+e5: IN eAX,Ib
+e6: OUT Ib,AL
+e7: OUT Ib,eAX
+# With 0x66 prefix in 64-bit mode, for AMD CPUs immediate offset
+# in "near" jumps and calls is 16-bit. For CALL,
+# push of return address is 16-bit wide, RSP is decremented by 2
+# but is not truncated to 16 bits, unlike RIP.
+e8: CALL Jz (f64)
+e9: JMP-near Jz (f64)
+ea: JMP-far Ap (i64)
+eb: JMP-short Jb (f64)
+ec: IN AL,DX
+ed: IN eAX,DX
+ee: OUT DX,AL
+ef: OUT DX,eAX
+# 0xf0 - 0xff
+f0: LOCK (Prefix)
+f1:
+f2: REPNE (Prefix) | XACQUIRE (Prefix)
+f3: REP/REPE (Prefix) | XRELEASE (Prefix)
+f4: HLT
+f5: CMC
+f6: Grp3_1 Eb (1A)
+f7: Grp3_2 Ev (1A)
+f8: CLC
+f9: STC
+fa: CLI
+fb: STI
+fc: CLD
+fd: STD
+fe: Grp4 (1A)
+ff: Grp5 (1A)
+EndTable
+
+Table: 2-byte opcode (0x0f)
+Referrer: 2-byte escape
+AVXcode: 1
+# 0x0f 0x00-0x0f
+00: Grp6 (1A)
+01: Grp7 (1A)
+02: LAR Gv,Ew
+03: LSL Gv,Ew
+04:
+05: SYSCALL (o64)
+06: CLTS
+07: SYSRET (o64)
+08: INVD
+09: WBINVD
+0a:
+0b: UD2 (1B)
+0c:
+# AMD's prefetch group. Intel supports prefetchw(/1) only.
+0d: GrpP
+0e: FEMMS
+# 3DNow! uses the last imm byte as opcode extension.
+0f: 3DNow! Pq,Qq,Ib
+# 0x0f 0x10-0x1f
+# NOTE: According to Intel SDM opcode map, vmovups and vmovupd has no operands
+# but it actually has operands. And also, vmovss and vmovsd only accept 128bit.
+# MOVSS/MOVSD has too many forms(3) on SDM. This map just shows a typical form.
+# Many AVX instructions lack v1 superscript, according to Intel AVX-Prgramming
+# Reference A.1
+10: vmovups Vps,Wps | vmovupd Vpd,Wpd (66) | vmovss Vx,Hx,Wss (F3),(v1) | vmovsd Vx,Hx,Wsd (F2),(v1)
+11: vmovups Wps,Vps | vmovupd Wpd,Vpd (66) | vmovss Wss,Hx,Vss (F3),(v1) | vmovsd Wsd,Hx,Vsd (F2),(v1)
+12: vmovlps Vq,Hq,Mq (v1) | vmovhlps Vq,Hq,Uq (v1) | vmovlpd Vq,Hq,Mq (66),(v1) | vmovsldup Vx,Wx (F3) | vmovddup Vx,Wx (F2)
+13: vmovlps Mq,Vq (v1) | vmovlpd Mq,Vq (66),(v1)
+14: vunpcklps Vx,Hx,Wx | vunpcklpd Vx,Hx,Wx (66)
+15: vunpckhps Vx,Hx,Wx | vunpckhpd Vx,Hx,Wx (66)
+16: vmovhps Vdq,Hq,Mq (v1) | vmovlhps Vdq,Hq,Uq (v1) | vmovhpd Vdq,Hq,Mq (66),(v1) | vmovshdup Vx,Wx (F3)
+17: vmovhps Mq,Vq (v1) | vmovhpd Mq,Vq (66),(v1)
+18: Grp16 (1A)
+19:
+# Intel SDM opcode map does not list MPX instructions. For now using Gv for
+# bnd registers and Ev for everything else is OK because the instruction
+# decoder does not use the information except as an indication that there is
+# a ModR/M byte.
+1a: BNDCL Gv,Ev (F3) | BNDCU Gv,Ev (F2) | BNDMOV Gv,Ev (66) | BNDLDX Gv,Ev
+1b: BNDCN Gv,Ev (F2) | BNDMOV Ev,Gv (66) | BNDMK Gv,Ev (F3) | BNDSTX Ev,Gv
+1c:
+1d:
+1e:
+1f: NOP Ev
+# 0x0f 0x20-0x2f
+20: MOV Rd,Cd
+21: MOV Rd,Dd
+22: MOV Cd,Rd
+23: MOV Dd,Rd
+24:
+25:
+26:
+27:
+28: vmovaps Vps,Wps | vmovapd Vpd,Wpd (66)
+29: vmovaps Wps,Vps | vmovapd Wpd,Vpd (66)
+2a: cvtpi2ps Vps,Qpi | cvtpi2pd Vpd,Qpi (66) | vcvtsi2ss Vss,Hss,Ey (F3),(v1) | vcvtsi2sd Vsd,Hsd,Ey (F2),(v1)
+2b: vmovntps Mps,Vps | vmovntpd Mpd,Vpd (66)
+2c: cvttps2pi Ppi,Wps | cvttpd2pi Ppi,Wpd (66) | vcvttss2si Gy,Wss (F3),(v1) | vcvttsd2si Gy,Wsd (F2),(v1)
+2d: cvtps2pi Ppi,Wps | cvtpd2pi Qpi,Wpd (66) | vcvtss2si Gy,Wss (F3),(v1) | vcvtsd2si Gy,Wsd (F2),(v1)
+2e: vucomiss Vss,Wss (v1) | vucomisd Vsd,Wsd (66),(v1)
+2f: vcomiss Vss,Wss (v1) | vcomisd Vsd,Wsd (66),(v1)
+# 0x0f 0x30-0x3f
+30: WRMSR
+31: RDTSC
+32: RDMSR
+33: RDPMC
+34: SYSENTER
+35: SYSEXIT
+36:
+37: GETSEC
+38: escape # 3-byte escape 1
+39:
+3a: escape # 3-byte escape 2
+3b:
+3c:
+3d:
+3e:
+3f:
+# 0x0f 0x40-0x4f
+40: CMOVO Gv,Ev
+41: CMOVNO Gv,Ev
+42: CMOVB/C/NAE Gv,Ev
+43: CMOVAE/NB/NC Gv,Ev
+44: CMOVE/Z Gv,Ev
+45: CMOVNE/NZ Gv,Ev
+46: CMOVBE/NA Gv,Ev
+47: CMOVA/NBE Gv,Ev
+48: CMOVS Gv,Ev
+49: CMOVNS Gv,Ev
+4a: CMOVP/PE Gv,Ev
+4b: CMOVNP/PO Gv,Ev
+4c: CMOVL/NGE Gv,Ev
+4d: CMOVNL/GE Gv,Ev
+4e: CMOVLE/NG Gv,Ev
+4f: CMOVNLE/G Gv,Ev
+# 0x0f 0x50-0x5f
+50: vmovmskps Gy,Ups | vmovmskpd Gy,Upd (66)
+51: vsqrtps Vps,Wps | vsqrtpd Vpd,Wpd (66) | vsqrtss Vss,Hss,Wss (F3),(v1) | vsqrtsd Vsd,Hsd,Wsd (F2),(v1)
+52: vrsqrtps Vps,Wps | vrsqrtss Vss,Hss,Wss (F3),(v1)
+53: vrcpps Vps,Wps | vrcpss Vss,Hss,Wss (F3),(v1)
+54: vandps Vps,Hps,Wps | vandpd Vpd,Hpd,Wpd (66)
+55: vandnps Vps,Hps,Wps | vandnpd Vpd,Hpd,Wpd (66)
+56: vorps Vps,Hps,Wps | vorpd Vpd,Hpd,Wpd (66)
+57: vxorps Vps,Hps,Wps | vxorpd Vpd,Hpd,Wpd (66)
+58: vaddps Vps,Hps,Wps | vaddpd Vpd,Hpd,Wpd (66) | vaddss Vss,Hss,Wss (F3),(v1) | vaddsd Vsd,Hsd,Wsd (F2),(v1)
+59: vmulps Vps,Hps,Wps | vmulpd Vpd,Hpd,Wpd (66) | vmulss Vss,Hss,Wss (F3),(v1) | vmulsd Vsd,Hsd,Wsd (F2),(v1)
+5a: vcvtps2pd Vpd,Wps | vcvtpd2ps Vps,Wpd (66) | vcvtss2sd Vsd,Hx,Wss (F3),(v1) | vcvtsd2ss Vss,Hx,Wsd (F2),(v1)
+5b: vcvtdq2ps Vps,Wdq | vcvtps2dq Vdq,Wps (66) | vcvttps2dq Vdq,Wps (F3)
+5c: vsubps Vps,Hps,Wps | vsubpd Vpd,Hpd,Wpd (66) | vsubss Vss,Hss,Wss (F3),(v1) | vsubsd Vsd,Hsd,Wsd (F2),(v1)
+5d: vminps Vps,Hps,Wps | vminpd Vpd,Hpd,Wpd (66) | vminss Vss,Hss,Wss (F3),(v1) | vminsd Vsd,Hsd,Wsd (F2),(v1)
+5e: vdivps Vps,Hps,Wps | vdivpd Vpd,Hpd,Wpd (66) | vdivss Vss,Hss,Wss (F3),(v1) | vdivsd Vsd,Hsd,Wsd (F2),(v1)
+5f: vmaxps Vps,Hps,Wps | vmaxpd Vpd,Hpd,Wpd (66) | vmaxss Vss,Hss,Wss (F3),(v1) | vmaxsd Vsd,Hsd,Wsd (F2),(v1)
+# 0x0f 0x60-0x6f
+60: punpcklbw Pq,Qd | vpunpcklbw Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+61: punpcklwd Pq,Qd | vpunpcklwd Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+62: punpckldq Pq,Qd | vpunpckldq Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+63: packsswb Pq,Qq | vpacksswb Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+64: pcmpgtb Pq,Qq | vpcmpgtb Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+65: pcmpgtw Pq,Qq | vpcmpgtw Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+66: pcmpgtd Pq,Qq | vpcmpgtd Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+67: packuswb Pq,Qq | vpackuswb Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+68: punpckhbw Pq,Qd | vpunpckhbw Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+69: punpckhwd Pq,Qd | vpunpckhwd Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+6a: punpckhdq Pq,Qd | vpunpckhdq Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+6b: packssdw Pq,Qd | vpackssdw Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+6c: vpunpcklqdq Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+6d: vpunpckhqdq Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+6e: movd/q Pd,Ey | vmovd/q Vy,Ey (66),(v1)
+6f: movq Pq,Qq | vmovdqa Vx,Wx (66) | vmovdqu Vx,Wx (F3)
+# 0x0f 0x70-0x7f
+70: pshufw Pq,Qq,Ib | vpshufd Vx,Wx,Ib (66),(v1) | vpshufhw Vx,Wx,Ib (F3),(v1) | vpshuflw Vx,Wx,Ib (F2),(v1)
+71: Grp12 (1A)
+72: Grp13 (1A)
+73: Grp14 (1A)
+74: pcmpeqb Pq,Qq | vpcmpeqb Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+75: pcmpeqw Pq,Qq | vpcmpeqw Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+76: pcmpeqd Pq,Qq | vpcmpeqd Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+# Note: Remove (v), because vzeroall and vzeroupper becomes emms without VEX.
+77: emms | vzeroupper | vzeroall
+78: VMREAD Ey,Gy
+79: VMWRITE Gy,Ey
+7a:
+7b:
+7c: vhaddpd Vpd,Hpd,Wpd (66) | vhaddps Vps,Hps,Wps (F2)
+7d: vhsubpd Vpd,Hpd,Wpd (66) | vhsubps Vps,Hps,Wps (F2)
+7e: movd/q Ey,Pd | vmovd/q Ey,Vy (66),(v1) | vmovq Vq,Wq (F3),(v1)
+7f: movq Qq,Pq | vmovdqa Wx,Vx (66) | vmovdqu Wx,Vx (F3)
+# 0x0f 0x80-0x8f
+# Note: "forced64" is Intel CPU behavior (see comment about CALL insn).
+80: JO Jz (f64)
+81: JNO Jz (f64)
+82: JB/JC/JNAE Jz (f64)
+83: JAE/JNB/JNC Jz (f64)
+84: JE/JZ Jz (f64)
+85: JNE/JNZ Jz (f64)
+86: JBE/JNA Jz (f64)
+87: JA/JNBE Jz (f64)
+88: JS Jz (f64)
+89: JNS Jz (f64)
+8a: JP/JPE Jz (f64)
+8b: JNP/JPO Jz (f64)
+8c: JL/JNGE Jz (f64)
+8d: JNL/JGE Jz (f64)
+8e: JLE/JNG Jz (f64)
+8f: JNLE/JG Jz (f64)
+# 0x0f 0x90-0x9f
+90: SETO Eb
+91: SETNO Eb
+92: SETB/C/NAE Eb
+93: SETAE/NB/NC Eb
+94: SETE/Z Eb
+95: SETNE/NZ Eb
+96: SETBE/NA Eb
+97: SETA/NBE Eb
+98: SETS Eb
+99: SETNS Eb
+9a: SETP/PE Eb
+9b: SETNP/PO Eb
+9c: SETL/NGE Eb
+9d: SETNL/GE Eb
+9e: SETLE/NG Eb
+9f: SETNLE/G Eb
+# 0x0f 0xa0-0xaf
+a0: PUSH FS (d64)
+a1: POP FS (d64)
+a2: CPUID
+a3: BT Ev,Gv
+a4: SHLD Ev,Gv,Ib
+a5: SHLD Ev,Gv,CL
+a6: GrpPDLK
+a7: GrpRNG
+a8: PUSH GS (d64)
+a9: POP GS (d64)
+aa: RSM
+ab: BTS Ev,Gv
+ac: SHRD Ev,Gv,Ib
+ad: SHRD Ev,Gv,CL
+ae: Grp15 (1A),(1C)
+af: IMUL Gv,Ev
+# 0x0f 0xb0-0xbf
+b0: CMPXCHG Eb,Gb
+b1: CMPXCHG Ev,Gv
+b2: LSS Gv,Mp
+b3: BTR Ev,Gv
+b4: LFS Gv,Mp
+b5: LGS Gv,Mp
+b6: MOVZX Gv,Eb
+b7: MOVZX Gv,Ew
+b8: JMPE (!F3) | POPCNT Gv,Ev (F3)
+b9: Grp10 (1A)
+ba: Grp8 Ev,Ib (1A)
+bb: BTC Ev,Gv
+bc: BSF Gv,Ev (!F3) | TZCNT Gv,Ev (F3)
+bd: BSR Gv,Ev (!F3) | LZCNT Gv,Ev (F3)
+be: MOVSX Gv,Eb
+bf: MOVSX Gv,Ew
+# 0x0f 0xc0-0xcf
+c0: XADD Eb,Gb
+c1: XADD Ev,Gv
+c2: vcmpps Vps,Hps,Wps,Ib | vcmppd Vpd,Hpd,Wpd,Ib (66) | vcmpss Vss,Hss,Wss,Ib (F3),(v1) | vcmpsd Vsd,Hsd,Wsd,Ib (F2),(v1)
+c3: movnti My,Gy
+c4: pinsrw Pq,Ry/Mw,Ib | vpinsrw Vdq,Hdq,Ry/Mw,Ib (66),(v1)
+c5: pextrw Gd,Nq,Ib | vpextrw Gd,Udq,Ib (66),(v1)
+c6: vshufps Vps,Hps,Wps,Ib | vshufpd Vpd,Hpd,Wpd,Ib (66)
+c7: Grp9 (1A)
+c8: BSWAP RAX/EAX/R8/R8D
+c9: BSWAP RCX/ECX/R9/R9D
+ca: BSWAP RDX/EDX/R10/R10D
+cb: BSWAP RBX/EBX/R11/R11D
+cc: BSWAP RSP/ESP/R12/R12D
+cd: BSWAP RBP/EBP/R13/R13D
+ce: BSWAP RSI/ESI/R14/R14D
+cf: BSWAP RDI/EDI/R15/R15D
+# 0x0f 0xd0-0xdf
+d0: vaddsubpd Vpd,Hpd,Wpd (66) | vaddsubps Vps,Hps,Wps (F2)
+d1: psrlw Pq,Qq | vpsrlw Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+d2: psrld Pq,Qq | vpsrld Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+d3: psrlq Pq,Qq | vpsrlq Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+d4: paddq Pq,Qq | vpaddq Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+d5: pmullw Pq,Qq | vpmullw Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+d6: vmovq Wq,Vq (66),(v1) | movq2dq Vdq,Nq (F3) | movdq2q Pq,Uq (F2)
+d7: pmovmskb Gd,Nq | vpmovmskb Gd,Ux (66),(v1)
+d8: psubusb Pq,Qq | vpsubusb Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+d9: psubusw Pq,Qq | vpsubusw Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+da: pminub Pq,Qq | vpminub Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+db: pand Pq,Qq | vpand Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+dc: paddusb Pq,Qq | vpaddusb Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+dd: paddusw Pq,Qq | vpaddusw Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+de: pmaxub Pq,Qq | vpmaxub Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+df: pandn Pq,Qq | vpandn Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+# 0x0f 0xe0-0xef
+e0: pavgb Pq,Qq | vpavgb Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+e1: psraw Pq,Qq | vpsraw Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+e2: psrad Pq,Qq | vpsrad Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+e3: pavgw Pq,Qq | vpavgw Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+e4: pmulhuw Pq,Qq | vpmulhuw Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+e5: pmulhw Pq,Qq | vpmulhw Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+e6: vcvttpd2dq Vx,Wpd (66) | vcvtdq2pd Vx,Wdq (F3) | vcvtpd2dq Vx,Wpd (F2)
+e7: movntq Mq,Pq | vmovntdq Mx,Vx (66)
+e8: psubsb Pq,Qq | vpsubsb Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+e9: psubsw Pq,Qq | vpsubsw Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+ea: pminsw Pq,Qq | vpminsw Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+eb: por Pq,Qq | vpor Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+ec: paddsb Pq,Qq | vpaddsb Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+ed: paddsw Pq,Qq | vpaddsw Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+ee: pmaxsw Pq,Qq | vpmaxsw Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+ef: pxor Pq,Qq | vpxor Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+# 0x0f 0xf0-0xff
+f0: vlddqu Vx,Mx (F2)
+f1: psllw Pq,Qq | vpsllw Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+f2: pslld Pq,Qq | vpslld Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+f3: psllq Pq,Qq | vpsllq Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+f4: pmuludq Pq,Qq | vpmuludq Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+f5: pmaddwd Pq,Qq | vpmaddwd Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+f6: psadbw Pq,Qq | vpsadbw Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+f7: maskmovq Pq,Nq | vmaskmovdqu Vx,Ux (66),(v1)
+f8: psubb Pq,Qq | vpsubb Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+f9: psubw Pq,Qq | vpsubw Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+fa: psubd Pq,Qq | vpsubd Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+fb: psubq Pq,Qq | vpsubq Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+fc: paddb Pq,Qq | vpaddb Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+fd: paddw Pq,Qq | vpaddw Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+fe: paddd Pq,Qq | vpaddd Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+ff:
+EndTable
+
+Table: 3-byte opcode 1 (0x0f 0x38)
+Referrer: 3-byte escape 1
+AVXcode: 2
+# 0x0f 0x38 0x00-0x0f
+00: pshufb Pq,Qq | vpshufb Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+01: phaddw Pq,Qq | vphaddw Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+02: phaddd Pq,Qq | vphaddd Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+03: phaddsw Pq,Qq | vphaddsw Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+04: pmaddubsw Pq,Qq | vpmaddubsw Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+05: phsubw Pq,Qq | vphsubw Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+06: phsubd Pq,Qq | vphsubd Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+07: phsubsw Pq,Qq | vphsubsw Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+08: psignb Pq,Qq | vpsignb Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+09: psignw Pq,Qq | vpsignw Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+0a: psignd Pq,Qq | vpsignd Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+0b: pmulhrsw Pq,Qq | vpmulhrsw Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+0c: vpermilps Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v)
+0d: vpermilpd Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v)
+0e: vtestps Vx,Wx (66),(v)
+0f: vtestpd Vx,Wx (66),(v)
+# 0x0f 0x38 0x10-0x1f
+10: pblendvb Vdq,Wdq (66)
+11:
+12:
+13: vcvtph2ps Vx,Wx,Ib (66),(v)
+14: blendvps Vdq,Wdq (66)
+15: blendvpd Vdq,Wdq (66)
+16: vpermps Vqq,Hqq,Wqq (66),(v)
+17: vptest Vx,Wx (66)
+18: vbroadcastss Vx,Wd (66),(v)
+19: vbroadcastsd Vqq,Wq (66),(v)
+1a: vbroadcastf128 Vqq,Mdq (66),(v)
+1b:
+1c: pabsb Pq,Qq | vpabsb Vx,Wx (66),(v1)
+1d: pabsw Pq,Qq | vpabsw Vx,Wx (66),(v1)
+1e: pabsd Pq,Qq | vpabsd Vx,Wx (66),(v1)
+1f:
+# 0x0f 0x38 0x20-0x2f
+20: vpmovsxbw Vx,Ux/Mq (66),(v1)
+21: vpmovsxbd Vx,Ux/Md (66),(v1)
+22: vpmovsxbq Vx,Ux/Mw (66),(v1)
+23: vpmovsxwd Vx,Ux/Mq (66),(v1)
+24: vpmovsxwq Vx,Ux/Md (66),(v1)
+25: vpmovsxdq Vx,Ux/Mq (66),(v1)
+26:
+27:
+28: vpmuldq Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+29: vpcmpeqq Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+2a: vmovntdqa Vx,Mx (66),(v1)
+2b: vpackusdw Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+2c: vmaskmovps Vx,Hx,Mx (66),(v)
+2d: vmaskmovpd Vx,Hx,Mx (66),(v)
+2e: vmaskmovps Mx,Hx,Vx (66),(v)
+2f: vmaskmovpd Mx,Hx,Vx (66),(v)
+# 0x0f 0x38 0x30-0x3f
+30: vpmovzxbw Vx,Ux/Mq (66),(v1)
+31: vpmovzxbd Vx,Ux/Md (66),(v1)
+32: vpmovzxbq Vx,Ux/Mw (66),(v1)
+33: vpmovzxwd Vx,Ux/Mq (66),(v1)
+34: vpmovzxwq Vx,Ux/Md (66),(v1)
+35: vpmovzxdq Vx,Ux/Mq (66),(v1)
+36: vpermd Vqq,Hqq,Wqq (66),(v)
+37: vpcmpgtq Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+38: vpminsb Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+39: vpminsd Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+3a: vpminuw Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+3b: vpminud Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+3c: vpmaxsb Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+3d: vpmaxsd Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+3e: vpmaxuw Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+3f: vpmaxud Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+# 0x0f 0x38 0x40-0x8f
+40: vpmulld Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v1)
+41: vphminposuw Vdq,Wdq (66),(v1)
+42:
+43:
+44:
+45: vpsrlvd/q Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v)
+46: vpsravd Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v)
+47: vpsllvd/q Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v)
+# Skip 0x48-0x57
+58: vpbroadcastd Vx,Wx (66),(v)
+59: vpbroadcastq Vx,Wx (66),(v)
+5a: vbroadcasti128 Vqq,Mdq (66),(v)
+# Skip 0x5b-0x77
+78: vpbroadcastb Vx,Wx (66),(v)
+79: vpbroadcastw Vx,Wx (66),(v)
+# Skip 0x7a-0x7f
+80: INVEPT Gy,Mdq (66)
+81: INVPID Gy,Mdq (66)
+82: INVPCID Gy,Mdq (66)
+8c: vpmaskmovd/q Vx,Hx,Mx (66),(v)
+8e: vpmaskmovd/q Mx,Vx,Hx (66),(v)
+# 0x0f 0x38 0x90-0xbf (FMA)
+90: vgatherdd/q Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v)
+91: vgatherqd/q Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v)
+92: vgatherdps/d Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v)
+93: vgatherqps/d Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v)
+94:
+95:
+96: vfmaddsub132ps/d Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v)
+97: vfmsubadd132ps/d Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v)
+98: vfmadd132ps/d Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v)
+99: vfmadd132ss/d Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v),(v1)
+9a: vfmsub132ps/d Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v)
+9b: vfmsub132ss/d Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v),(v1)
+9c: vfnmadd132ps/d Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v)
+9d: vfnmadd132ss/d Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v),(v1)
+9e: vfnmsub132ps/d Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v)
+9f: vfnmsub132ss/d Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v),(v1)
+a6: vfmaddsub213ps/d Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v)
+a7: vfmsubadd213ps/d Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v)
+a8: vfmadd213ps/d Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v)
+a9: vfmadd213ss/d Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v),(v1)
+aa: vfmsub213ps/d Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v)
+ab: vfmsub213ss/d Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v),(v1)
+ac: vfnmadd213ps/d Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v)
+ad: vfnmadd213ss/d Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v),(v1)
+ae: vfnmsub213ps/d Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v)
+af: vfnmsub213ss/d Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v),(v1)
+b6: vfmaddsub231ps/d Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v)
+b7: vfmsubadd231ps/d Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v)
+b8: vfmadd231ps/d Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v)
+b9: vfmadd231ss/d Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v),(v1)
+ba: vfmsub231ps/d Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v)
+bb: vfmsub231ss/d Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v),(v1)
+bc: vfnmadd231ps/d Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v)
+bd: vfnmadd231ss/d Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v),(v1)
+be: vfnmsub231ps/d Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v)
+bf: vfnmsub231ss/d Vx,Hx,Wx (66),(v),(v1)
+# 0x0f 0x38 0xc0-0xff
+c8: sha1nexte Vdq,Wdq
+c9: sha1msg1 Vdq,Wdq
+ca: sha1msg2 Vdq,Wdq
+cb: sha256rnds2 Vdq,Wdq
+cc: sha256msg1 Vdq,Wdq
+cd: sha256msg2 Vdq,Wdq
+db: VAESIMC Vdq,Wdq (66),(v1)
+dc: VAESENC Vdq,Hdq,Wdq (66),(v1)
+dd: VAESENCLAST Vdq,Hdq,Wdq (66),(v1)
+de: VAESDEC Vdq,Hdq,Wdq (66),(v1)
+df: VAESDECLAST Vdq,Hdq,Wdq (66),(v1)
+f0: MOVBE Gy,My | MOVBE Gw,Mw (66) | CRC32 Gd,Eb (F2) | CRC32 Gd,Eb (66&F2)
+f1: MOVBE My,Gy | MOVBE Mw,Gw (66) | CRC32 Gd,Ey (F2) | CRC32 Gd,Ew (66&F2)
+f2: ANDN Gy,By,Ey (v)
+f3: Grp17 (1A)
+f5: BZHI Gy,Ey,By (v) | PEXT Gy,By,Ey (F3),(v) | PDEP Gy,By,Ey (F2),(v)
+f6: ADCX Gy,Ey (66) | ADOX Gy,Ey (F3) | MULX By,Gy,rDX,Ey (F2),(v)
+f7: BEXTR Gy,Ey,By (v) | SHLX Gy,Ey,By (66),(v) | SARX Gy,Ey,By (F3),(v) | SHRX Gy,Ey,By (F2),(v)
+EndTable
+
+Table: 3-byte opcode 2 (0x0f 0x3a)
+Referrer: 3-byte escape 2
+AVXcode: 3
+# 0x0f 0x3a 0x00-0xff
+00: vpermq Vqq,Wqq,Ib (66),(v)
+01: vpermpd Vqq,Wqq,Ib (66),(v)
+02: vpblendd Vx,Hx,Wx,Ib (66),(v)
+03:
+04: vpermilps Vx,Wx,Ib (66),(v)
+05: vpermilpd Vx,Wx,Ib (66),(v)
+06: vperm2f128 Vqq,Hqq,Wqq,Ib (66),(v)
+07:
+08: vroundps Vx,Wx,Ib (66)
+09: vroundpd Vx,Wx,Ib (66)
+0a: vroundss Vss,Wss,Ib (66),(v1)
+0b: vroundsd Vsd,Wsd,Ib (66),(v1)
+0c: vblendps Vx,Hx,Wx,Ib (66)
+0d: vblendpd Vx,Hx,Wx,Ib (66)
+0e: vpblendw Vx,Hx,Wx,Ib (66),(v1)
+0f: palignr Pq,Qq,Ib | vpalignr Vx,Hx,Wx,Ib (66),(v1)
+14: vpextrb Rd/Mb,Vdq,Ib (66),(v1)
+15: vpextrw Rd/Mw,Vdq,Ib (66),(v1)
+16: vpextrd/q Ey,Vdq,Ib (66),(v1)
+17: vextractps Ed,Vdq,Ib (66),(v1)
+18: vinsertf128 Vqq,Hqq,Wqq,Ib (66),(v)
+19: vextractf128 Wdq,Vqq,Ib (66),(v)
+1d: vcvtps2ph Wx,Vx,Ib (66),(v)
+20: vpinsrb Vdq,Hdq,Ry/Mb,Ib (66),(v1)
+21: vinsertps Vdq,Hdq,Udq/Md,Ib (66),(v1)
+22: vpinsrd/q Vdq,Hdq,Ey,Ib (66),(v1)
+38: vinserti128 Vqq,Hqq,Wqq,Ib (66),(v)
+39: vextracti128 Wdq,Vqq,Ib (66),(v)
+40: vdpps Vx,Hx,Wx,Ib (66)
+41: vdppd Vdq,Hdq,Wdq,Ib (66),(v1)
+42: vmpsadbw Vx,Hx,Wx,Ib (66),(v1)
+44: vpclmulqdq Vdq,Hdq,Wdq,Ib (66),(v1)
+46: vperm2i128 Vqq,Hqq,Wqq,Ib (66),(v)
+4a: vblendvps Vx,Hx,Wx,Lx (66),(v)
+4b: vblendvpd Vx,Hx,Wx,Lx (66),(v)
+4c: vpblendvb Vx,Hx,Wx,Lx (66),(v1)
+60: vpcmpestrm Vdq,Wdq,Ib (66),(v1)
+61: vpcmpestri Vdq,Wdq,Ib (66),(v1)
+62: vpcmpistrm Vdq,Wdq,Ib (66),(v1)
+63: vpcmpistri Vdq,Wdq,Ib (66),(v1)
+cc: sha1rnds4 Vdq,Wdq,Ib
+df: VAESKEYGEN Vdq,Wdq,Ib (66),(v1)
+f0: RORX Gy,Ey,Ib (F2),(v)
+EndTable
+
+GrpTable: Grp1
+0: ADD
+1: OR
+2: ADC
+3: SBB
+4: AND
+5: SUB
+6: XOR
+7: CMP
+EndTable
+
+GrpTable: Grp1A
+0: POP
+EndTable
+
+GrpTable: Grp2
+0: ROL
+1: ROR
+2: RCL
+3: RCR
+4: SHL/SAL
+5: SHR
+6:
+7: SAR
+EndTable
+
+GrpTable: Grp3_1
+0: TEST Eb,Ib
+1:
+2: NOT Eb
+3: NEG Eb
+4: MUL AL,Eb
+5: IMUL AL,Eb
+6: DIV AL,Eb
+7: IDIV AL,Eb
+EndTable
+
+GrpTable: Grp3_2
+0: TEST Ev,Iz
+1:
+2: NOT Ev
+3: NEG Ev
+4: MUL rAX,Ev
+5: IMUL rAX,Ev
+6: DIV rAX,Ev
+7: IDIV rAX,Ev
+EndTable
+
+GrpTable: Grp4
+0: INC Eb
+1: DEC Eb
+EndTable
+
+GrpTable: Grp5
+0: INC Ev
+1: DEC Ev
+# Note: "forced64" is Intel CPU behavior (see comment about CALL insn).
+2: CALLN Ev (f64)
+3: CALLF Ep
+4: JMPN Ev (f64)
+5: JMPF Mp
+6: PUSH Ev (d64)
+7:
+EndTable
+
+GrpTable: Grp6
+0: SLDT Rv/Mw
+1: STR Rv/Mw
+2: LLDT Ew
+3: LTR Ew
+4: VERR Ew
+5: VERW Ew
+EndTable
+
+GrpTable: Grp7
+0: SGDT Ms | VMCALL (001),(11B) | VMLAUNCH (010),(11B) | VMRESUME (011),(11B) | VMXOFF (100),(11B)
+1: SIDT Ms | MONITOR (000),(11B) | MWAIT (001),(11B) | CLAC (010),(11B) | STAC (011),(11B)
+2: LGDT Ms | XGETBV (000),(11B) | XSETBV (001),(11B) | VMFUNC (100),(11B) | XEND (101)(11B) | XTEST (110)(11B)
+3: LIDT Ms
+4: SMSW Mw/Rv
+5: rdpkru (110),(11B) | wrpkru (111),(11B)
+6: LMSW Ew
+7: INVLPG Mb | SWAPGS (o64),(000),(11B) | RDTSCP (001),(11B)
+EndTable
+
+GrpTable: Grp8
+4: BT
+5: BTS
+6: BTR
+7: BTC
+EndTable
+
+GrpTable: Grp9
+1: CMPXCHG8B/16B Mq/Mdq
+3: xrstors
+4: xsavec
+5: xsaves
+6: VMPTRLD Mq | VMCLEAR Mq (66) | VMXON Mq (F3) | RDRAND Rv (11B)
+7: VMPTRST Mq | VMPTRST Mq (F3) | RDSEED Rv (11B)
+EndTable
+
+GrpTable: Grp10
+EndTable
+
+# Grp11A and Grp11B are expressed as Grp11 in Intel SDM
+GrpTable: Grp11A
+0: MOV Eb,Ib
+7: XABORT Ib (000),(11B)
+EndTable
+
+GrpTable: Grp11B
+0: MOV Eb,Iz
+7: XBEGIN Jz (000),(11B)
+EndTable
+
+GrpTable: Grp12
+2: psrlw Nq,Ib (11B) | vpsrlw Hx,Ux,Ib (66),(11B),(v1)
+4: psraw Nq,Ib (11B) | vpsraw Hx,Ux,Ib (66),(11B),(v1)
+6: psllw Nq,Ib (11B) | vpsllw Hx,Ux,Ib (66),(11B),(v1)
+EndTable
+
+GrpTable: Grp13
+2: psrld Nq,Ib (11B) | vpsrld Hx,Ux,Ib (66),(11B),(v1)
+4: psrad Nq,Ib (11B) | vpsrad Hx,Ux,Ib (66),(11B),(v1)
+6: pslld Nq,Ib (11B) | vpslld Hx,Ux,Ib (66),(11B),(v1)
+EndTable
+
+GrpTable: Grp14
+2: psrlq Nq,Ib (11B) | vpsrlq Hx,Ux,Ib (66),(11B),(v1)
+3: vpsrldq Hx,Ux,Ib (66),(11B),(v1)
+6: psllq Nq,Ib (11B) | vpsllq Hx,Ux,Ib (66),(11B),(v1)
+7: vpslldq Hx,Ux,Ib (66),(11B),(v1)
+EndTable
+
+GrpTable: Grp15
+0: fxsave | RDFSBASE Ry (F3),(11B)
+1: fxstor | RDGSBASE Ry (F3),(11B)
+2: vldmxcsr Md (v1) | WRFSBASE Ry (F3),(11B)
+3: vstmxcsr Md (v1) | WRGSBASE Ry (F3),(11B)
+4: XSAVE
+5: XRSTOR | lfence (11B)
+6: XSAVEOPT | clwb (66) | mfence (11B)
+7: clflush | clflushopt (66) | sfence (11B) | pcommit (66),(11B)
+EndTable
+
+GrpTable: Grp16
+0: prefetch NTA
+1: prefetch T0
+2: prefetch T1
+3: prefetch T2
+EndTable
+
+GrpTable: Grp17
+1: BLSR By,Ey (v)
+2: BLSMSK By,Ey (v)
+3: BLSI By,Ey (v)
+EndTable
+
+# AMD's Prefetch Group
+GrpTable: GrpP
+0: PREFETCH
+1: PREFETCHW
+EndTable
+
+GrpTable: GrpPDLK
+0: MONTMUL
+1: XSHA1
+2: XSHA2
+EndTable
+
+GrpTable: GrpRNG
+0: xstore-rng
+1: xcrypt-ecb
+2: xcrypt-cbc
+4: xcrypt-cfb
+5: xcrypt-ofb
+EndTable
diff --git a/tools/objtool/builtin-check.c b/tools/objtool/builtin-check.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..7515cb2e879a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/objtool/builtin-check.c
@@ -0,0 +1,1159 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2015 Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
+ * of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * objtool check:
+ *
+ * This command analyzes every .o file and ensures the validity of its stack
+ * trace metadata. It enforces a set of rules on asm code and C inline
+ * assembly code so that stack traces can be reliable.
+ *
+ * For more information, see tools/objtool/Documentation/stack-validation.txt.
+ */
+
+#include <string.h>
+#include <subcmd/parse-options.h>
+
+#include "builtin.h"
+#include "elf.h"
+#include "special.h"
+#include "arch.h"
+#include "warn.h"
+
+#include <linux/hashtable.h>
+
+#define ARRAY_SIZE(x) (sizeof(x) / sizeof((x)[0]))
+
+#define STATE_FP_SAVED 0x1
+#define STATE_FP_SETUP 0x2
+#define STATE_FENTRY 0x4
+
+struct instruction {
+ struct list_head list;
+ struct hlist_node hash;
+ struct section *sec;
+ unsigned long offset;
+ unsigned int len, state;
+ unsigned char type;
+ unsigned long immediate;
+ bool alt_group, visited;
+ struct symbol *call_dest;
+ struct instruction *jump_dest;
+ struct list_head alts;
+};
+
+struct alternative {
+ struct list_head list;
+ struct instruction *insn;
+};
+
+struct objtool_file {
+ struct elf *elf;
+ struct list_head insn_list;
+ DECLARE_HASHTABLE(insn_hash, 16);
+ struct section *rodata, *whitelist;
+};
+
+const char *objname;
+static bool nofp;
+
+static struct instruction *find_insn(struct objtool_file *file,
+ struct section *sec, unsigned long offset)
+{
+ struct instruction *insn;
+
+ hash_for_each_possible(file->insn_hash, insn, hash, offset)
+ if (insn->sec == sec && insn->offset == offset)
+ return insn;
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+static struct instruction *next_insn_same_sec(struct objtool_file *file,
+ struct instruction *insn)
+{
+ struct instruction *next = list_next_entry(insn, list);
+
+ if (&next->list == &file->insn_list || next->sec != insn->sec)
+ return NULL;
+
+ return next;
+}
+
+#define for_each_insn(file, insn) \
+ list_for_each_entry(insn, &file->insn_list, list)
+
+#define func_for_each_insn(file, func, insn) \
+ for (insn = find_insn(file, func->sec, func->offset); \
+ insn && &insn->list != &file->insn_list && \
+ insn->sec == func->sec && \
+ insn->offset < func->offset + func->len; \
+ insn = list_next_entry(insn, list))
+
+#define sec_for_each_insn_from(file, insn) \
+ for (; insn; insn = next_insn_same_sec(file, insn))
+
+
+/*
+ * Check if the function has been manually whitelisted with the
+ * STACK_FRAME_NON_STANDARD macro, or if it should be automatically whitelisted
+ * due to its use of a context switching instruction.
+ */
+static bool ignore_func(struct objtool_file *file, struct symbol *func)
+{
+ struct rela *rela;
+ struct instruction *insn;
+
+ /* check for STACK_FRAME_NON_STANDARD */
+ if (file->whitelist && file->whitelist->rela)
+ list_for_each_entry(rela, &file->whitelist->rela->rela_list, list)
+ if (rela->sym->sec == func->sec &&
+ rela->addend == func->offset)
+ return true;
+
+ /* check if it has a context switching instruction */
+ func_for_each_insn(file, func, insn)
+ if (insn->type == INSN_CONTEXT_SWITCH)
+ return true;
+
+ return false;
+}
+
+/*
+ * This checks to see if the given function is a "noreturn" function.
+ *
+ * For global functions which are outside the scope of this object file, we
+ * have to keep a manual list of them.
+ *
+ * For local functions, we have to detect them manually by simply looking for
+ * the lack of a return instruction.
+ *
+ * Returns:
+ * -1: error
+ * 0: no dead end
+ * 1: dead end
+ */
+static int __dead_end_function(struct objtool_file *file, struct symbol *func,
+ int recursion)
+{
+ int i;
+ struct instruction *insn;
+ bool empty = true;
+
+ /*
+ * Unfortunately these have to be hard coded because the noreturn
+ * attribute isn't provided in ELF data.
+ */
+ static const char * const global_noreturns[] = {
+ "__stack_chk_fail",
+ "panic",
+ "do_exit",
+ "__module_put_and_exit",
+ "complete_and_exit",
+ "kvm_spurious_fault",
+ "__reiserfs_panic",
+ "lbug_with_loc"
+ };
+
+ if (func->bind == STB_WEAK)
+ return 0;
+
+ if (func->bind == STB_GLOBAL)
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(global_noreturns); i++)
+ if (!strcmp(func->name, global_noreturns[i]))
+ return 1;
+
+ if (!func->sec)
+ return 0;
+
+ func_for_each_insn(file, func, insn) {
+ empty = false;
+
+ if (insn->type == INSN_RETURN)
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ if (empty)
+ return 0;
+
+ /*
+ * A function can have a sibling call instead of a return. In that
+ * case, the function's dead-end status depends on whether the target
+ * of the sibling call returns.
+ */
+ func_for_each_insn(file, func, insn) {
+ if (insn->sec != func->sec ||
+ insn->offset >= func->offset + func->len)
+ break;
+
+ if (insn->type == INSN_JUMP_UNCONDITIONAL) {
+ struct instruction *dest = insn->jump_dest;
+ struct symbol *dest_func;
+
+ if (!dest)
+ /* sibling call to another file */
+ return 0;
+
+ if (dest->sec != func->sec ||
+ dest->offset < func->offset ||
+ dest->offset >= func->offset + func->len) {
+ /* local sibling call */
+ dest_func = find_symbol_by_offset(dest->sec,
+ dest->offset);
+ if (!dest_func)
+ continue;
+
+ if (recursion == 5) {
+ WARN_FUNC("infinite recursion (objtool bug!)",
+ dest->sec, dest->offset);
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ return __dead_end_function(file, dest_func,
+ recursion + 1);
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (insn->type == INSN_JUMP_DYNAMIC)
+ /* sibling call */
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ return 1;
+}
+
+static int dead_end_function(struct objtool_file *file, struct symbol *func)
+{
+ return __dead_end_function(file, func, 0);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Call the arch-specific instruction decoder for all the instructions and add
+ * them to the global instruction list.
+ */
+static int decode_instructions(struct objtool_file *file)
+{
+ struct section *sec;
+ unsigned long offset;
+ struct instruction *insn;
+ int ret;
+
+ list_for_each_entry(sec, &file->elf->sections, list) {
+
+ if (!(sec->sh.sh_flags & SHF_EXECINSTR))
+ continue;
+
+ for (offset = 0; offset < sec->len; offset += insn->len) {
+ insn = malloc(sizeof(*insn));
+ memset(insn, 0, sizeof(*insn));
+
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&insn->alts);
+ insn->sec = sec;
+ insn->offset = offset;
+
+ ret = arch_decode_instruction(file->elf, sec, offset,
+ sec->len - offset,
+ &insn->len, &insn->type,
+ &insn->immediate);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ if (!insn->type || insn->type > INSN_LAST) {
+ WARN_FUNC("invalid instruction type %d",
+ insn->sec, insn->offset, insn->type);
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ hash_add(file->insn_hash, &insn->hash, insn->offset);
+ list_add_tail(&insn->list, &file->insn_list);
+ }
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Warnings shouldn't be reported for ignored functions.
+ */
+static void add_ignores(struct objtool_file *file)
+{
+ struct instruction *insn;
+ struct section *sec;
+ struct symbol *func;
+
+ list_for_each_entry(sec, &file->elf->sections, list) {
+ list_for_each_entry(func, &sec->symbol_list, list) {
+ if (func->type != STT_FUNC)
+ continue;
+
+ if (!ignore_func(file, func))
+ continue;
+
+ func_for_each_insn(file, func, insn)
+ insn->visited = true;
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * Find the destination instructions for all jumps.
+ */
+static int add_jump_destinations(struct objtool_file *file)
+{
+ struct instruction *insn;
+ struct rela *rela;
+ struct section *dest_sec;
+ unsigned long dest_off;
+
+ for_each_insn(file, insn) {
+ if (insn->type != INSN_JUMP_CONDITIONAL &&
+ insn->type != INSN_JUMP_UNCONDITIONAL)
+ continue;
+
+ /* skip ignores */
+ if (insn->visited)
+ continue;
+
+ rela = find_rela_by_dest_range(insn->sec, insn->offset,
+ insn->len);
+ if (!rela) {
+ dest_sec = insn->sec;
+ dest_off = insn->offset + insn->len + insn->immediate;
+ } else if (rela->sym->type == STT_SECTION) {
+ dest_sec = rela->sym->sec;
+ dest_off = rela->addend + 4;
+ } else if (rela->sym->sec->idx) {
+ dest_sec = rela->sym->sec;
+ dest_off = rela->sym->sym.st_value + rela->addend + 4;
+ } else {
+ /* sibling call */
+ insn->jump_dest = 0;
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ insn->jump_dest = find_insn(file, dest_sec, dest_off);
+ if (!insn->jump_dest) {
+
+ /*
+ * This is a special case where an alt instruction
+ * jumps past the end of the section. These are
+ * handled later in handle_group_alt().
+ */
+ if (!strcmp(insn->sec->name, ".altinstr_replacement"))
+ continue;
+
+ WARN_FUNC("can't find jump dest instruction at %s+0x%lx",
+ insn->sec, insn->offset, dest_sec->name,
+ dest_off);
+ return -1;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Find the destination instructions for all calls.
+ */
+static int add_call_destinations(struct objtool_file *file)
+{
+ struct instruction *insn;
+ unsigned long dest_off;
+ struct rela *rela;
+
+ for_each_insn(file, insn) {
+ if (insn->type != INSN_CALL)
+ continue;
+
+ rela = find_rela_by_dest_range(insn->sec, insn->offset,
+ insn->len);
+ if (!rela) {
+ dest_off = insn->offset + insn->len + insn->immediate;
+ insn->call_dest = find_symbol_by_offset(insn->sec,
+ dest_off);
+ if (!insn->call_dest) {
+ WARN_FUNC("can't find call dest symbol at offset 0x%lx",
+ insn->sec, insn->offset, dest_off);
+ return -1;
+ }
+ } else if (rela->sym->type == STT_SECTION) {
+ insn->call_dest = find_symbol_by_offset(rela->sym->sec,
+ rela->addend+4);
+ if (!insn->call_dest ||
+ insn->call_dest->type != STT_FUNC) {
+ WARN_FUNC("can't find call dest symbol at %s+0x%x",
+ insn->sec, insn->offset,
+ rela->sym->sec->name,
+ rela->addend + 4);
+ return -1;
+ }
+ } else
+ insn->call_dest = rela->sym;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * The .alternatives section requires some extra special care, over and above
+ * what other special sections require:
+ *
+ * 1. Because alternatives are patched in-place, we need to insert a fake jump
+ * instruction at the end so that validate_branch() skips all the original
+ * replaced instructions when validating the new instruction path.
+ *
+ * 2. An added wrinkle is that the new instruction length might be zero. In
+ * that case the old instructions are replaced with noops. We simulate that
+ * by creating a fake jump as the only new instruction.
+ *
+ * 3. In some cases, the alternative section includes an instruction which
+ * conditionally jumps to the _end_ of the entry. We have to modify these
+ * jumps' destinations to point back to .text rather than the end of the
+ * entry in .altinstr_replacement.
+ *
+ * 4. It has been requested that we don't validate the !POPCNT feature path
+ * which is a "very very small percentage of machines".
+ */
+static int handle_group_alt(struct objtool_file *file,
+ struct special_alt *special_alt,
+ struct instruction *orig_insn,
+ struct instruction **new_insn)
+{
+ struct instruction *last_orig_insn, *last_new_insn, *insn, *fake_jump;
+ unsigned long dest_off;
+
+ last_orig_insn = NULL;
+ insn = orig_insn;
+ sec_for_each_insn_from(file, insn) {
+ if (insn->offset >= special_alt->orig_off + special_alt->orig_len)
+ break;
+
+ if (special_alt->skip_orig)
+ insn->type = INSN_NOP;
+
+ insn->alt_group = true;
+ last_orig_insn = insn;
+ }
+
+ if (!next_insn_same_sec(file, last_orig_insn)) {
+ WARN("%s: don't know how to handle alternatives at end of section",
+ special_alt->orig_sec->name);
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ fake_jump = malloc(sizeof(*fake_jump));
+ if (!fake_jump) {
+ WARN("malloc failed");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ memset(fake_jump, 0, sizeof(*fake_jump));
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&fake_jump->alts);
+ fake_jump->sec = special_alt->new_sec;
+ fake_jump->offset = -1;
+ fake_jump->type = INSN_JUMP_UNCONDITIONAL;
+ fake_jump->jump_dest = list_next_entry(last_orig_insn, list);
+
+ if (!special_alt->new_len) {
+ *new_insn = fake_jump;
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ last_new_insn = NULL;
+ insn = *new_insn;
+ sec_for_each_insn_from(file, insn) {
+ if (insn->offset >= special_alt->new_off + special_alt->new_len)
+ break;
+
+ last_new_insn = insn;
+
+ if (insn->type != INSN_JUMP_CONDITIONAL &&
+ insn->type != INSN_JUMP_UNCONDITIONAL)
+ continue;
+
+ if (!insn->immediate)
+ continue;
+
+ dest_off = insn->offset + insn->len + insn->immediate;
+ if (dest_off == special_alt->new_off + special_alt->new_len)
+ insn->jump_dest = fake_jump;
+
+ if (!insn->jump_dest) {
+ WARN_FUNC("can't find alternative jump destination",
+ insn->sec, insn->offset);
+ return -1;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (!last_new_insn) {
+ WARN_FUNC("can't find last new alternative instruction",
+ special_alt->new_sec, special_alt->new_off);
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ list_add(&fake_jump->list, &last_new_insn->list);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * A jump table entry can either convert a nop to a jump or a jump to a nop.
+ * If the original instruction is a jump, make the alt entry an effective nop
+ * by just skipping the original instruction.
+ */
+static int handle_jump_alt(struct objtool_file *file,
+ struct special_alt *special_alt,
+ struct instruction *orig_insn,
+ struct instruction **new_insn)
+{
+ if (orig_insn->type == INSN_NOP)
+ return 0;
+
+ if (orig_insn->type != INSN_JUMP_UNCONDITIONAL) {
+ WARN_FUNC("unsupported instruction at jump label",
+ orig_insn->sec, orig_insn->offset);
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ *new_insn = list_next_entry(orig_insn, list);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Read all the special sections which have alternate instructions which can be
+ * patched in or redirected to at runtime. Each instruction having alternate
+ * instruction(s) has them added to its insn->alts list, which will be
+ * traversed in validate_branch().
+ */
+static int add_special_section_alts(struct objtool_file *file)
+{
+ struct list_head special_alts;
+ struct instruction *orig_insn, *new_insn;
+ struct special_alt *special_alt, *tmp;
+ struct alternative *alt;
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = special_get_alts(file->elf, &special_alts);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(special_alt, tmp, &special_alts, list) {
+ alt = malloc(sizeof(*alt));
+ if (!alt) {
+ WARN("malloc failed");
+ ret = -1;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ orig_insn = find_insn(file, special_alt->orig_sec,
+ special_alt->orig_off);
+ if (!orig_insn) {
+ WARN_FUNC("special: can't find orig instruction",
+ special_alt->orig_sec, special_alt->orig_off);
+ ret = -1;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ new_insn = NULL;
+ if (!special_alt->group || special_alt->new_len) {
+ new_insn = find_insn(file, special_alt->new_sec,
+ special_alt->new_off);
+ if (!new_insn) {
+ WARN_FUNC("special: can't find new instruction",
+ special_alt->new_sec,
+ special_alt->new_off);
+ ret = -1;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (special_alt->group) {
+ ret = handle_group_alt(file, special_alt, orig_insn,
+ &new_insn);
+ if (ret)
+ goto out;
+ } else if (special_alt->jump_or_nop) {
+ ret = handle_jump_alt(file, special_alt, orig_insn,
+ &new_insn);
+ if (ret)
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ alt->insn = new_insn;
+ list_add_tail(&alt->list, &orig_insn->alts);
+
+ list_del(&special_alt->list);
+ free(special_alt);
+ }
+
+out:
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int add_switch_table(struct objtool_file *file, struct symbol *func,
+ struct instruction *insn, struct rela *table,
+ struct rela *next_table)
+{
+ struct rela *rela = table;
+ struct instruction *alt_insn;
+ struct alternative *alt;
+
+ list_for_each_entry_from(rela, &file->rodata->rela->rela_list, list) {
+ if (rela == next_table)
+ break;
+
+ if (rela->sym->sec != insn->sec ||
+ rela->addend <= func->offset ||
+ rela->addend >= func->offset + func->len)
+ break;
+
+ alt_insn = find_insn(file, insn->sec, rela->addend);
+ if (!alt_insn) {
+ WARN("%s: can't find instruction at %s+0x%x",
+ file->rodata->rela->name, insn->sec->name,
+ rela->addend);
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ alt = malloc(sizeof(*alt));
+ if (!alt) {
+ WARN("malloc failed");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ alt->insn = alt_insn;
+ list_add_tail(&alt->list, &insn->alts);
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int add_func_switch_tables(struct objtool_file *file,
+ struct symbol *func)
+{
+ struct instruction *insn, *prev_jump;
+ struct rela *text_rela, *rodata_rela, *prev_rela;
+ int ret;
+
+ prev_jump = NULL;
+
+ func_for_each_insn(file, func, insn) {
+ if (insn->type != INSN_JUMP_DYNAMIC)
+ continue;
+
+ text_rela = find_rela_by_dest_range(insn->sec, insn->offset,
+ insn->len);
+ if (!text_rela || text_rela->sym != file->rodata->sym)
+ continue;
+
+ /* common case: jmpq *[addr](,%rax,8) */
+ rodata_rela = find_rela_by_dest(file->rodata,
+ text_rela->addend);
+
+ /*
+ * TODO: Document where this is needed, or get rid of it.
+ *
+ * rare case: jmpq *[addr](%rip)
+ */
+ if (!rodata_rela)
+ rodata_rela = find_rela_by_dest(file->rodata,
+ text_rela->addend + 4);
+
+ if (!rodata_rela)
+ continue;
+
+ /*
+ * We found a switch table, but we don't know yet how big it
+ * is. Don't add it until we reach the end of the function or
+ * the beginning of another switch table in the same function.
+ */
+ if (prev_jump) {
+ ret = add_switch_table(file, func, prev_jump, prev_rela,
+ rodata_rela);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ prev_jump = insn;
+ prev_rela = rodata_rela;
+ }
+
+ if (prev_jump) {
+ ret = add_switch_table(file, func, prev_jump, prev_rela, NULL);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * For some switch statements, gcc generates a jump table in the .rodata
+ * section which contains a list of addresses within the function to jump to.
+ * This finds these jump tables and adds them to the insn->alts lists.
+ */
+static int add_switch_table_alts(struct objtool_file *file)
+{
+ struct section *sec;
+ struct symbol *func;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (!file->rodata || !file->rodata->rela)
+ return 0;
+
+ list_for_each_entry(sec, &file->elf->sections, list) {
+ list_for_each_entry(func, &sec->symbol_list, list) {
+ if (func->type != STT_FUNC)
+ continue;
+
+ ret = add_func_switch_tables(file, func);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int decode_sections(struct objtool_file *file)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ file->whitelist = find_section_by_name(file->elf, "__func_stack_frame_non_standard");
+ file->rodata = find_section_by_name(file->elf, ".rodata");
+
+ ret = decode_instructions(file);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ add_ignores(file);
+
+ ret = add_jump_destinations(file);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ ret = add_call_destinations(file);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ ret = add_special_section_alts(file);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ ret = add_switch_table_alts(file);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static bool is_fentry_call(struct instruction *insn)
+{
+ if (insn->type == INSN_CALL &&
+ insn->call_dest->type == STT_NOTYPE &&
+ !strcmp(insn->call_dest->name, "__fentry__"))
+ return true;
+
+ return false;
+}
+
+static bool has_modified_stack_frame(struct instruction *insn)
+{
+ return (insn->state & STATE_FP_SAVED) ||
+ (insn->state & STATE_FP_SETUP);
+}
+
+static bool has_valid_stack_frame(struct instruction *insn)
+{
+ return (insn->state & STATE_FP_SAVED) &&
+ (insn->state & STATE_FP_SETUP);
+}
+
+static unsigned int frame_state(unsigned long state)
+{
+ return (state & (STATE_FP_SAVED | STATE_FP_SETUP));
+}
+
+/*
+ * Follow the branch starting at the given instruction, and recursively follow
+ * any other branches (jumps). Meanwhile, track the frame pointer state at
+ * each instruction and validate all the rules described in
+ * tools/objtool/Documentation/stack-validation.txt.
+ */
+static int validate_branch(struct objtool_file *file,
+ struct instruction *first, unsigned char first_state)
+{
+ struct alternative *alt;
+ struct instruction *insn;
+ struct section *sec;
+ unsigned char state;
+ int ret;
+
+ insn = first;
+ sec = insn->sec;
+ state = first_state;
+
+ if (insn->alt_group && list_empty(&insn->alts)) {
+ WARN_FUNC("don't know how to handle branch to middle of alternative instruction group",
+ sec, insn->offset);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ while (1) {
+ if (insn->visited) {
+ if (frame_state(insn->state) != frame_state(state)) {
+ WARN_FUNC("frame pointer state mismatch",
+ sec, insn->offset);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Catch a rare case where a noreturn function falls through to
+ * the next function.
+ */
+ if (is_fentry_call(insn) && (state & STATE_FENTRY))
+ return 0;
+
+ insn->visited = true;
+ insn->state = state;
+
+ list_for_each_entry(alt, &insn->alts, list) {
+ ret = validate_branch(file, alt->insn, state);
+ if (ret)
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ switch (insn->type) {
+
+ case INSN_FP_SAVE:
+ if (!nofp) {
+ if (state & STATE_FP_SAVED) {
+ WARN_FUNC("duplicate frame pointer save",
+ sec, insn->offset);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ state |= STATE_FP_SAVED;
+ }
+ break;
+
+ case INSN_FP_SETUP:
+ if (!nofp) {
+ if (state & STATE_FP_SETUP) {
+ WARN_FUNC("duplicate frame pointer setup",
+ sec, insn->offset);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ state |= STATE_FP_SETUP;
+ }
+ break;
+
+ case INSN_FP_RESTORE:
+ if (!nofp) {
+ if (has_valid_stack_frame(insn))
+ state &= ~STATE_FP_SETUP;
+
+ state &= ~STATE_FP_SAVED;
+ }
+ break;
+
+ case INSN_RETURN:
+ if (!nofp && has_modified_stack_frame(insn)) {
+ WARN_FUNC("return without frame pointer restore",
+ sec, insn->offset);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ return 0;
+
+ case INSN_CALL:
+ if (is_fentry_call(insn)) {
+ state |= STATE_FENTRY;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ ret = dead_end_function(file, insn->call_dest);
+ if (ret == 1)
+ return 0;
+ if (ret == -1)
+ return 1;
+
+ /* fallthrough */
+ case INSN_CALL_DYNAMIC:
+ if (!nofp && !has_valid_stack_frame(insn)) {
+ WARN_FUNC("call without frame pointer save/setup",
+ sec, insn->offset);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ break;
+
+ case INSN_JUMP_CONDITIONAL:
+ case INSN_JUMP_UNCONDITIONAL:
+ if (insn->jump_dest) {
+ ret = validate_branch(file, insn->jump_dest,
+ state);
+ if (ret)
+ return 1;
+ } else if (has_modified_stack_frame(insn)) {
+ WARN_FUNC("sibling call from callable instruction with changed frame pointer",
+ sec, insn->offset);
+ return 1;
+ } /* else it's a sibling call */
+
+ if (insn->type == INSN_JUMP_UNCONDITIONAL)
+ return 0;
+
+ break;
+
+ case INSN_JUMP_DYNAMIC:
+ if (list_empty(&insn->alts) &&
+ has_modified_stack_frame(insn)) {
+ WARN_FUNC("sibling call from callable instruction with changed frame pointer",
+ sec, insn->offset);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+
+ case INSN_BUG:
+ return 0;
+
+ default:
+ break;
+ }
+
+ insn = next_insn_same_sec(file, insn);
+ if (!insn) {
+ WARN("%s: unexpected end of section", sec->name);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static bool is_gcov_insn(struct instruction *insn)
+{
+ struct rela *rela;
+ struct section *sec;
+ struct symbol *sym;
+ unsigned long offset;
+
+ rela = find_rela_by_dest_range(insn->sec, insn->offset, insn->len);
+ if (!rela)
+ return false;
+
+ if (rela->sym->type != STT_SECTION)
+ return false;
+
+ sec = rela->sym->sec;
+ offset = rela->addend + insn->offset + insn->len - rela->offset;
+
+ list_for_each_entry(sym, &sec->symbol_list, list) {
+ if (sym->type != STT_OBJECT)
+ continue;
+
+ if (offset >= sym->offset && offset < sym->offset + sym->len)
+ return (!memcmp(sym->name, "__gcov0.", 8));
+ }
+
+ return false;
+}
+
+static bool is_kasan_insn(struct instruction *insn)
+{
+ return (insn->type == INSN_CALL &&
+ !strcmp(insn->call_dest->name, "__asan_handle_no_return"));
+}
+
+static bool is_ubsan_insn(struct instruction *insn)
+{
+ return (insn->type == INSN_CALL &&
+ !strcmp(insn->call_dest->name,
+ "__ubsan_handle_builtin_unreachable"));
+}
+
+static bool ignore_unreachable_insn(struct symbol *func,
+ struct instruction *insn)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ if (insn->type == INSN_NOP)
+ return true;
+
+ if (is_gcov_insn(insn))
+ return true;
+
+ /*
+ * Check if this (or a subsequent) instruction is related to
+ * CONFIG_UBSAN or CONFIG_KASAN.
+ *
+ * End the search at 5 instructions to avoid going into the weeds.
+ */
+ for (i = 0; i < 5; i++) {
+
+ if (is_kasan_insn(insn) || is_ubsan_insn(insn))
+ return true;
+
+ if (insn->type == INSN_JUMP_UNCONDITIONAL && insn->jump_dest) {
+ insn = insn->jump_dest;
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ if (insn->offset + insn->len >= func->offset + func->len)
+ break;
+ insn = list_next_entry(insn, list);
+ }
+
+ return false;
+}
+
+static int validate_functions(struct objtool_file *file)
+{
+ struct section *sec;
+ struct symbol *func;
+ struct instruction *insn;
+ int ret, warnings = 0;
+
+ list_for_each_entry(sec, &file->elf->sections, list) {
+ list_for_each_entry(func, &sec->symbol_list, list) {
+ if (func->type != STT_FUNC)
+ continue;
+
+ insn = find_insn(file, sec, func->offset);
+ if (!insn) {
+ WARN("%s(): can't find starting instruction",
+ func->name);
+ warnings++;
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ ret = validate_branch(file, insn, 0);
+ warnings += ret;
+ }
+ }
+
+ list_for_each_entry(sec, &file->elf->sections, list) {
+ list_for_each_entry(func, &sec->symbol_list, list) {
+ if (func->type != STT_FUNC)
+ continue;
+
+ func_for_each_insn(file, func, insn) {
+ if (insn->visited)
+ continue;
+
+ if (!ignore_unreachable_insn(func, insn) &&
+ !warnings) {
+ WARN_FUNC("function has unreachable instruction", insn->sec, insn->offset);
+ warnings++;
+ }
+
+ insn->visited = true;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+
+ return warnings;
+}
+
+static int validate_uncallable_instructions(struct objtool_file *file)
+{
+ struct instruction *insn;
+ int warnings = 0;
+
+ for_each_insn(file, insn) {
+ if (!insn->visited && insn->type == INSN_RETURN) {
+ WARN_FUNC("return instruction outside of a callable function",
+ insn->sec, insn->offset);
+ warnings++;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return warnings;
+}
+
+static void cleanup(struct objtool_file *file)
+{
+ struct instruction *insn, *tmpinsn;
+ struct alternative *alt, *tmpalt;
+
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(insn, tmpinsn, &file->insn_list, list) {
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(alt, tmpalt, &insn->alts, list) {
+ list_del(&alt->list);
+ free(alt);
+ }
+ list_del(&insn->list);
+ hash_del(&insn->hash);
+ free(insn);
+ }
+ elf_close(file->elf);
+}
+
+const char * const check_usage[] = {
+ "objtool check [<options>] file.o",
+ NULL,
+};
+
+int cmd_check(int argc, const char **argv)
+{
+ struct objtool_file file;
+ int ret, warnings = 0;
+
+ const struct option options[] = {
+ OPT_BOOLEAN('f', "no-fp", &nofp, "Skip frame pointer validation"),
+ OPT_END(),
+ };
+
+ argc = parse_options(argc, argv, options, check_usage, 0);
+
+ if (argc != 1)
+ usage_with_options(check_usage, options);
+
+ objname = argv[0];
+
+ file.elf = elf_open(objname);
+ if (!file.elf) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "error reading elf file %s\n", objname);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&file.insn_list);
+ hash_init(file.insn_hash);
+
+ ret = decode_sections(&file);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+ warnings += ret;
+
+ ret = validate_functions(&file);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+ warnings += ret;
+
+ ret = validate_uncallable_instructions(&file);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+ warnings += ret;
+
+out:
+ cleanup(&file);
+
+ /* ignore warnings for now until we get all the code cleaned up */
+ if (ret || warnings)
+ return 0;
+ return 0;
+}
diff --git a/tools/objtool/builtin.h b/tools/objtool/builtin.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..34d2ba78a616
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/objtool/builtin.h
@@ -0,0 +1,22 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2015 Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
+ * of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+#ifndef _BUILTIN_H
+#define _BUILTIN_H
+
+extern int cmd_check(int argc, const char **argv);
+
+#endif /* _BUILTIN_H */
diff --git a/tools/objtool/elf.c b/tools/objtool/elf.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..e11f6b69cce6
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/objtool/elf.c
@@ -0,0 +1,412 @@
+/*
+ * elf.c - ELF access library
+ *
+ * Adapted from kpatch (https://github.com/dynup/kpatch):
+ * Copyright (C) 2013-2015 Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
+ * Copyright (C) 2014 Seth Jennings <sjenning@redhat.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
+ * of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+
+#include "elf.h"
+#include "warn.h"
+
+struct section *find_section_by_name(struct elf *elf, const char *name)
+{
+ struct section *sec;
+
+ list_for_each_entry(sec, &elf->sections, list)
+ if (!strcmp(sec->name, name))
+ return sec;
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+static struct section *find_section_by_index(struct elf *elf,
+ unsigned int idx)
+{
+ struct section *sec;
+
+ list_for_each_entry(sec, &elf->sections, list)
+ if (sec->idx == idx)
+ return sec;
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+static struct symbol *find_symbol_by_index(struct elf *elf, unsigned int idx)
+{
+ struct section *sec;
+ struct symbol *sym;
+
+ list_for_each_entry(sec, &elf->sections, list)
+ hash_for_each_possible(sec->symbol_hash, sym, hash, idx)
+ if (sym->idx == idx)
+ return sym;
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+struct symbol *find_symbol_by_offset(struct section *sec, unsigned long offset)
+{
+ struct symbol *sym;
+
+ list_for_each_entry(sym, &sec->symbol_list, list)
+ if (sym->type != STT_SECTION &&
+ sym->offset == offset)
+ return sym;
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+struct rela *find_rela_by_dest_range(struct section *sec, unsigned long offset,
+ unsigned int len)
+{
+ struct rela *rela;
+ unsigned long o;
+
+ if (!sec->rela)
+ return NULL;
+
+ for (o = offset; o < offset + len; o++)
+ hash_for_each_possible(sec->rela->rela_hash, rela, hash, o)
+ if (rela->offset == o)
+ return rela;
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+struct rela *find_rela_by_dest(struct section *sec, unsigned long offset)
+{
+ return find_rela_by_dest_range(sec, offset, 1);
+}
+
+struct symbol *find_containing_func(struct section *sec, unsigned long offset)
+{
+ struct symbol *func;
+
+ list_for_each_entry(func, &sec->symbol_list, list)
+ if (func->type == STT_FUNC && offset >= func->offset &&
+ offset < func->offset + func->len)
+ return func;
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+static int read_sections(struct elf *elf)
+{
+ Elf_Scn *s = NULL;
+ struct section *sec;
+ size_t shstrndx, sections_nr;
+ int i;
+
+ if (elf_getshdrnum(elf->elf, &sections_nr)) {
+ perror("elf_getshdrnum");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ if (elf_getshdrstrndx(elf->elf, &shstrndx)) {
+ perror("elf_getshdrstrndx");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ for (i = 0; i < sections_nr; i++) {
+ sec = malloc(sizeof(*sec));
+ if (!sec) {
+ perror("malloc");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ memset(sec, 0, sizeof(*sec));
+
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sec->symbol_list);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sec->rela_list);
+ hash_init(sec->rela_hash);
+ hash_init(sec->symbol_hash);
+
+ list_add_tail(&sec->list, &elf->sections);
+
+ s = elf_getscn(elf->elf, i);
+ if (!s) {
+ perror("elf_getscn");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ sec->idx = elf_ndxscn(s);
+
+ if (!gelf_getshdr(s, &sec->sh)) {
+ perror("gelf_getshdr");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ sec->name = elf_strptr(elf->elf, shstrndx, sec->sh.sh_name);
+ if (!sec->name) {
+ perror("elf_strptr");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ sec->elf_data = elf_getdata(s, NULL);
+ if (!sec->elf_data) {
+ perror("elf_getdata");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ if (sec->elf_data->d_off != 0 ||
+ sec->elf_data->d_size != sec->sh.sh_size) {
+ WARN("unexpected data attributes for %s", sec->name);
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ sec->data = (unsigned long)sec->elf_data->d_buf;
+ sec->len = sec->elf_data->d_size;
+ }
+
+ /* sanity check, one more call to elf_nextscn() should return NULL */
+ if (elf_nextscn(elf->elf, s)) {
+ WARN("section entry mismatch");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int read_symbols(struct elf *elf)
+{
+ struct section *symtab;
+ struct symbol *sym;
+ struct list_head *entry, *tmp;
+ int symbols_nr, i;
+
+ symtab = find_section_by_name(elf, ".symtab");
+ if (!symtab) {
+ WARN("missing symbol table");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ symbols_nr = symtab->sh.sh_size / symtab->sh.sh_entsize;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < symbols_nr; i++) {
+ sym = malloc(sizeof(*sym));
+ if (!sym) {
+ perror("malloc");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ memset(sym, 0, sizeof(*sym));
+
+ sym->idx = i;
+
+ if (!gelf_getsym(symtab->elf_data, i, &sym->sym)) {
+ perror("gelf_getsym");
+ goto err;
+ }
+
+ sym->name = elf_strptr(elf->elf, symtab->sh.sh_link,
+ sym->sym.st_name);
+ if (!sym->name) {
+ perror("elf_strptr");
+ goto err;
+ }
+
+ sym->type = GELF_ST_TYPE(sym->sym.st_info);
+ sym->bind = GELF_ST_BIND(sym->sym.st_info);
+
+ if (sym->sym.st_shndx > SHN_UNDEF &&
+ sym->sym.st_shndx < SHN_LORESERVE) {
+ sym->sec = find_section_by_index(elf,
+ sym->sym.st_shndx);
+ if (!sym->sec) {
+ WARN("couldn't find section for symbol %s",
+ sym->name);
+ goto err;
+ }
+ if (sym->type == STT_SECTION) {
+ sym->name = sym->sec->name;
+ sym->sec->sym = sym;
+ }
+ } else
+ sym->sec = find_section_by_index(elf, 0);
+
+ sym->offset = sym->sym.st_value;
+ sym->len = sym->sym.st_size;
+
+ /* sorted insert into a per-section list */
+ entry = &sym->sec->symbol_list;
+ list_for_each_prev(tmp, &sym->sec->symbol_list) {
+ struct symbol *s;
+
+ s = list_entry(tmp, struct symbol, list);
+
+ if (sym->offset > s->offset) {
+ entry = tmp;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ if (sym->offset == s->offset && sym->len >= s->len) {
+ entry = tmp;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ list_add(&sym->list, entry);
+ hash_add(sym->sec->symbol_hash, &sym->hash, sym->idx);
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+
+err:
+ free(sym);
+ return -1;
+}
+
+static int read_relas(struct elf *elf)
+{
+ struct section *sec;
+ struct rela *rela;
+ int i;
+ unsigned int symndx;
+
+ list_for_each_entry(sec, &elf->sections, list) {
+ if (sec->sh.sh_type != SHT_RELA)
+ continue;
+
+ sec->base = find_section_by_name(elf, sec->name + 5);
+ if (!sec->base) {
+ WARN("can't find base section for rela section %s",
+ sec->name);
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ sec->base->rela = sec;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < sec->sh.sh_size / sec->sh.sh_entsize; i++) {
+ rela = malloc(sizeof(*rela));
+ if (!rela) {
+ perror("malloc");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ memset(rela, 0, sizeof(*rela));
+
+ if (!gelf_getrela(sec->elf_data, i, &rela->rela)) {
+ perror("gelf_getrela");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ rela->type = GELF_R_TYPE(rela->rela.r_info);
+ rela->addend = rela->rela.r_addend;
+ rela->offset = rela->rela.r_offset;
+ symndx = GELF_R_SYM(rela->rela.r_info);
+ rela->sym = find_symbol_by_index(elf, symndx);
+ if (!rela->sym) {
+ WARN("can't find rela entry symbol %d for %s",
+ symndx, sec->name);
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ list_add_tail(&rela->list, &sec->rela_list);
+ hash_add(sec->rela_hash, &rela->hash, rela->offset);
+
+ }
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+struct elf *elf_open(const char *name)
+{
+ struct elf *elf;
+
+ elf_version(EV_CURRENT);
+
+ elf = malloc(sizeof(*elf));
+ if (!elf) {
+ perror("malloc");
+ return NULL;
+ }
+ memset(elf, 0, sizeof(*elf));
+
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&elf->sections);
+
+ elf->name = strdup(name);
+ if (!elf->name) {
+ perror("strdup");
+ goto err;
+ }
+
+ elf->fd = open(name, O_RDONLY);
+ if (elf->fd == -1) {
+ perror("open");
+ goto err;
+ }
+
+ elf->elf = elf_begin(elf->fd, ELF_C_READ_MMAP, NULL);
+ if (!elf->elf) {
+ perror("elf_begin");
+ goto err;
+ }
+
+ if (!gelf_getehdr(elf->elf, &elf->ehdr)) {
+ perror("gelf_getehdr");
+ goto err;
+ }
+
+ if (read_sections(elf))
+ goto err;
+
+ if (read_symbols(elf))
+ goto err;
+
+ if (read_relas(elf))
+ goto err;
+
+ return elf;
+
+err:
+ elf_close(elf);
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+void elf_close(struct elf *elf)
+{
+ struct section *sec, *tmpsec;
+ struct symbol *sym, *tmpsym;
+ struct rela *rela, *tmprela;
+
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(sec, tmpsec, &elf->sections, list) {
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(sym, tmpsym, &sec->symbol_list, list) {
+ list_del(&sym->list);
+ hash_del(&sym->hash);
+ free(sym);
+ }
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(rela, tmprela, &sec->rela_list, list) {
+ list_del(&rela->list);
+ hash_del(&rela->hash);
+ free(rela);
+ }
+ list_del(&sec->list);
+ free(sec);
+ }
+ if (elf->name)
+ free(elf->name);
+ if (elf->fd > 0)
+ close(elf->fd);
+ if (elf->elf)
+ elf_end(elf->elf);
+ free(elf);
+}
diff --git a/tools/objtool/elf.h b/tools/objtool/elf.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..7f3e00a2f907
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/objtool/elf.h
@@ -0,0 +1,85 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2015 Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
+ * of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _OBJTOOL_ELF_H
+#define _OBJTOOL_ELF_H
+
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <gelf.h>
+#include <linux/list.h>
+#include <linux/hashtable.h>
+
+struct section {
+ struct list_head list;
+ GElf_Shdr sh;
+ struct list_head symbol_list;
+ DECLARE_HASHTABLE(symbol_hash, 8);
+ struct list_head rela_list;
+ DECLARE_HASHTABLE(rela_hash, 16);
+ struct section *base, *rela;
+ struct symbol *sym;
+ Elf_Data *elf_data;
+ char *name;
+ int idx;
+ unsigned long data;
+ unsigned int len;
+};
+
+struct symbol {
+ struct list_head list;
+ struct hlist_node hash;
+ GElf_Sym sym;
+ struct section *sec;
+ char *name;
+ unsigned int idx;
+ unsigned char bind, type;
+ unsigned long offset;
+ unsigned int len;
+};
+
+struct rela {
+ struct list_head list;
+ struct hlist_node hash;
+ GElf_Rela rela;
+ struct symbol *sym;
+ unsigned int type;
+ unsigned long offset;
+ int addend;
+};
+
+struct elf {
+ Elf *elf;
+ GElf_Ehdr ehdr;
+ int fd;
+ char *name;
+ struct list_head sections;
+ DECLARE_HASHTABLE(rela_hash, 16);
+};
+
+
+struct elf *elf_open(const char *name);
+struct section *find_section_by_name(struct elf *elf, const char *name);
+struct symbol *find_symbol_by_offset(struct section *sec, unsigned long offset);
+struct rela *find_rela_by_dest(struct section *sec, unsigned long offset);
+struct rela *find_rela_by_dest_range(struct section *sec, unsigned long offset,
+ unsigned int len);
+struct symbol *find_containing_func(struct section *sec, unsigned long offset);
+void elf_close(struct elf *elf);
+
+
+
+#endif /* _OBJTOOL_ELF_H */
diff --git a/tools/objtool/objtool.c b/tools/objtool/objtool.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..46c326db4f46
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/objtool/objtool.c
@@ -0,0 +1,136 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2015 Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
+ * of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * objtool:
+ *
+ * The 'check' subcmd analyzes every .o file and ensures the validity of its
+ * stack trace metadata. It enforces a set of rules on asm code and C inline
+ * assembly code so that stack traces can be reliable.
+ *
+ * For more information, see tools/objtool/Documentation/stack-validation.txt.
+ */
+
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdbool.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <subcmd/exec-cmd.h>
+#include <subcmd/pager.h>
+
+#include "builtin.h"
+
+#define ARRAY_SIZE(x) (sizeof(x)/sizeof(x[0]))
+
+struct cmd_struct {
+ const char *name;
+ int (*fn)(int, const char **);
+ const char *help;
+};
+
+static const char objtool_usage_string[] =
+ "objtool [OPTIONS] COMMAND [ARGS]";
+
+static struct cmd_struct objtool_cmds[] = {
+ {"check", cmd_check, "Perform stack metadata validation on an object file" },
+};
+
+bool help;
+
+static void cmd_usage(void)
+{
+ unsigned int i, longest = 0;
+
+ printf("\n usage: %s\n\n", objtool_usage_string);
+
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(objtool_cmds); i++) {
+ if (longest < strlen(objtool_cmds[i].name))
+ longest = strlen(objtool_cmds[i].name);
+ }
+
+ puts(" Commands:");
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(objtool_cmds); i++) {
+ printf(" %-*s ", longest, objtool_cmds[i].name);
+ puts(objtool_cmds[i].help);
+ }
+
+ printf("\n");
+
+ exit(1);
+}
+
+static void handle_options(int *argc, const char ***argv)
+{
+ while (*argc > 0) {
+ const char *cmd = (*argv)[0];
+
+ if (cmd[0] != '-')
+ break;
+
+ if (!strcmp(cmd, "--help") || !strcmp(cmd, "-h")) {
+ help = true;
+ break;
+ } else {
+ fprintf(stderr, "Unknown option: %s\n", cmd);
+ fprintf(stderr, "\n Usage: %s\n",
+ objtool_usage_string);
+ exit(1);
+ }
+
+ (*argv)++;
+ (*argc)--;
+ }
+}
+
+static void handle_internal_command(int argc, const char **argv)
+{
+ const char *cmd = argv[0];
+ unsigned int i, ret;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(objtool_cmds); i++) {
+ struct cmd_struct *p = objtool_cmds+i;
+
+ if (strcmp(p->name, cmd))
+ continue;
+
+ ret = p->fn(argc, argv);
+
+ exit(ret);
+ }
+
+ cmd_usage();
+}
+
+int main(int argc, const char **argv)
+{
+ static const char *UNUSED = "OBJTOOL_NOT_IMPLEMENTED";
+
+ /* libsubcmd init */
+ exec_cmd_init("objtool", UNUSED, UNUSED, UNUSED);
+ pager_init(UNUSED);
+
+ argv++;
+ argc--;
+ handle_options(&argc, &argv);
+
+ if (!argc || help)
+ cmd_usage();
+
+ handle_internal_command(argc, argv);
+
+ return 0;
+}
diff --git a/tools/objtool/special.c b/tools/objtool/special.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..bff8abb3a4aa
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/objtool/special.c
@@ -0,0 +1,193 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2015 Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
+ * of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * This file reads all the special sections which have alternate instructions
+ * which can be patched in or redirected to at runtime.
+ */
+
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <string.h>
+
+#include "special.h"
+#include "warn.h"
+
+#define EX_ENTRY_SIZE 12
+#define EX_ORIG_OFFSET 0
+#define EX_NEW_OFFSET 4
+
+#define JUMP_ENTRY_SIZE 24
+#define JUMP_ORIG_OFFSET 0
+#define JUMP_NEW_OFFSET 8
+
+#define ALT_ENTRY_SIZE 13
+#define ALT_ORIG_OFFSET 0
+#define ALT_NEW_OFFSET 4
+#define ALT_FEATURE_OFFSET 8
+#define ALT_ORIG_LEN_OFFSET 10
+#define ALT_NEW_LEN_OFFSET 11
+
+#define X86_FEATURE_POPCNT (4*32+23)
+
+struct special_entry {
+ const char *sec;
+ bool group, jump_or_nop;
+ unsigned char size, orig, new;
+ unsigned char orig_len, new_len; /* group only */
+ unsigned char feature; /* ALTERNATIVE macro CPU feature */
+};
+
+struct special_entry entries[] = {
+ {
+ .sec = ".altinstructions",
+ .group = true,
+ .size = ALT_ENTRY_SIZE,
+ .orig = ALT_ORIG_OFFSET,
+ .orig_len = ALT_ORIG_LEN_OFFSET,
+ .new = ALT_NEW_OFFSET,
+ .new_len = ALT_NEW_LEN_OFFSET,
+ .feature = ALT_FEATURE_OFFSET,
+ },
+ {
+ .sec = "__jump_table",
+ .jump_or_nop = true,
+ .size = JUMP_ENTRY_SIZE,
+ .orig = JUMP_ORIG_OFFSET,
+ .new = JUMP_NEW_OFFSET,
+ },
+ {
+ .sec = "__ex_table",
+ .size = EX_ENTRY_SIZE,
+ .orig = EX_ORIG_OFFSET,
+ .new = EX_NEW_OFFSET,
+ },
+ {},
+};
+
+static int get_alt_entry(struct elf *elf, struct special_entry *entry,
+ struct section *sec, int idx,
+ struct special_alt *alt)
+{
+ struct rela *orig_rela, *new_rela;
+ unsigned long offset;
+
+ offset = idx * entry->size;
+
+ alt->group = entry->group;
+ alt->jump_or_nop = entry->jump_or_nop;
+
+ if (alt->group) {
+ alt->orig_len = *(unsigned char *)(sec->data + offset +
+ entry->orig_len);
+ alt->new_len = *(unsigned char *)(sec->data + offset +
+ entry->new_len);
+ }
+
+ if (entry->feature) {
+ unsigned short feature;
+
+ feature = *(unsigned short *)(sec->data + offset +
+ entry->feature);
+
+ /*
+ * It has been requested that we don't validate the !POPCNT
+ * feature path which is a "very very small percentage of
+ * machines".
+ */
+ if (feature == X86_FEATURE_POPCNT)
+ alt->skip_orig = true;
+ }
+
+ orig_rela = find_rela_by_dest(sec, offset + entry->orig);
+ if (!orig_rela) {
+ WARN_FUNC("can't find orig rela", sec, offset + entry->orig);
+ return -1;
+ }
+ if (orig_rela->sym->type != STT_SECTION) {
+ WARN_FUNC("don't know how to handle non-section rela symbol %s",
+ sec, offset + entry->orig, orig_rela->sym->name);
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ alt->orig_sec = orig_rela->sym->sec;
+ alt->orig_off = orig_rela->addend;
+
+ if (!entry->group || alt->new_len) {
+ new_rela = find_rela_by_dest(sec, offset + entry->new);
+ if (!new_rela) {
+ WARN_FUNC("can't find new rela",
+ sec, offset + entry->new);
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ alt->new_sec = new_rela->sym->sec;
+ alt->new_off = (unsigned int)new_rela->addend;
+
+ /* _ASM_EXTABLE_EX hack */
+ if (alt->new_off >= 0x7ffffff0)
+ alt->new_off -= 0x7ffffff0;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Read all the special sections and create a list of special_alt structs which
+ * describe all the alternate instructions which can be patched in or
+ * redirected to at runtime.
+ */
+int special_get_alts(struct elf *elf, struct list_head *alts)
+{
+ struct special_entry *entry;
+ struct section *sec;
+ unsigned int nr_entries;
+ struct special_alt *alt;
+ int idx, ret;
+
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(alts);
+
+ for (entry = entries; entry->sec; entry++) {
+ sec = find_section_by_name(elf, entry->sec);
+ if (!sec)
+ continue;
+
+ if (sec->len % entry->size != 0) {
+ WARN("%s size not a multiple of %d",
+ sec->name, entry->size);
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ nr_entries = sec->len / entry->size;
+
+ for (idx = 0; idx < nr_entries; idx++) {
+ alt = malloc(sizeof(*alt));
+ if (!alt) {
+ WARN("malloc failed");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ memset(alt, 0, sizeof(*alt));
+
+ ret = get_alt_entry(elf, entry, sec, idx, alt);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ list_add_tail(&alt->list, alts);
+ }
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
diff --git a/tools/objtool/special.h b/tools/objtool/special.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..fad1d092f679
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/objtool/special.h
@@ -0,0 +1,42 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2015 Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
+ * of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _SPECIAL_H
+#define _SPECIAL_H
+
+#include <stdbool.h>
+#include "elf.h"
+
+struct special_alt {
+ struct list_head list;
+
+ bool group;
+ bool skip_orig;
+ bool jump_or_nop;
+
+ struct section *orig_sec;
+ unsigned long orig_off;
+
+ struct section *new_sec;
+ unsigned long new_off;
+
+ unsigned int orig_len, new_len; /* group only */
+};
+
+int special_get_alts(struct elf *elf, struct list_head *alts);
+
+#endif /* _SPECIAL_H */
diff --git a/tools/objtool/warn.h b/tools/objtool/warn.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..ac7e07523e84
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/objtool/warn.h
@@ -0,0 +1,60 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2015 Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
+ * of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _WARN_H
+#define _WARN_H
+
+extern const char *objname;
+
+static inline char *offstr(struct section *sec, unsigned long offset)
+{
+ struct symbol *func;
+ char *name, *str;
+ unsigned long name_off;
+
+ func = find_containing_func(sec, offset);
+ if (func) {
+ name = func->name;
+ name_off = offset - func->offset;
+ } else {
+ name = sec->name;
+ name_off = offset;
+ }
+
+ str = malloc(strlen(name) + 20);
+
+ if (func)
+ sprintf(str, "%s()+0x%lx", name, name_off);
+ else
+ sprintf(str, "%s+0x%lx", name, name_off);
+
+ return str;
+}
+
+#define WARN(format, ...) \
+ fprintf(stderr, \
+ "%s: warning: objtool: " format "\n", \
+ objname, ##__VA_ARGS__)
+
+#define WARN_FUNC(format, sec, offset, ...) \
+({ \
+ char *_str = offstr(sec, offset); \
+ WARN("%s: " format, _str, ##__VA_ARGS__); \
+ free(_str); \
+})
+
+#endif /* _WARN_H */
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/intel-pt-decoder/insn.c b/tools/perf/util/intel-pt-decoder/insn.c
index 47314a64399c..9f26eae6c9f0 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/intel-pt-decoder/insn.c
+++ b/tools/perf/util/intel-pt-decoder/insn.c
@@ -374,7 +374,7 @@ void insn_get_displacement(struct insn *insn)
if (mod == 3)
goto out;
if (mod == 1) {
- insn->displacement.value = get_next(char, insn);
+ insn->displacement.value = get_next(signed char, insn);
insn->displacement.nbytes = 1;
} else if (insn->addr_bytes == 2) {
if ((mod == 0 && rm == 6) || mod == 2) {
@@ -532,7 +532,7 @@ void insn_get_immediate(struct insn *insn)
switch (inat_immediate_size(insn->attr)) {
case INAT_IMM_BYTE:
- insn->immediate.value = get_next(char, insn);
+ insn->immediate.value = get_next(signed char, insn);
insn->immediate.nbytes = 1;
break;
case INAT_IMM_WORD:
@@ -566,7 +566,7 @@ void insn_get_immediate(struct insn *insn)
goto err_out;
}
if (inat_has_second_immediate(insn->attr)) {
- insn->immediate2.value = get_next(char, insn);
+ insn->immediate2.value = get_next(signed char, insn);
insn->immediate2.nbytes = 1;
}
done: