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2016-05-23ELF/MIPS build fixRalf Baechle-3/+1
CONFIG_MIPS32_N32=y but CONFIG_BINFMT_ELF disabled results in the following linker errors: arch/mips/built-in.o: In function `elf_core_dump': binfmt_elfn32.c:(.text+0x23dbc): undefined reference to `elf_core_extra_phdrs' binfmt_elfn32.c:(.text+0x246e4): undefined reference to `elf_core_extra_data_size' binfmt_elfn32.c:(.text+0x248d0): undefined reference to `elf_core_write_extra_phdrs' binfmt_elfn32.c:(.text+0x24ac4): undefined reference to `elf_core_write_extra_data' CONFIG_MIPS32_O32=y but CONFIG_BINFMT_ELF disabled results in the following linker errors: arch/mips/built-in.o: In function `elf_core_dump': binfmt_elfo32.c:(.text+0x28a04): undefined reference to `elf_core_extra_phdrs' binfmt_elfo32.c:(.text+0x29330): undefined reference to `elf_core_extra_data_size' binfmt_elfo32.c:(.text+0x2951c): undefined reference to `elf_core_write_extra_phdrs' binfmt_elfo32.c:(.text+0x29710): undefined reference to `elf_core_write_extra_data' This is because binfmt_elfn32 and binfmt_elfo32 are using symbols from elfcore but for these configurations elfcore will not be built. Fixed by making elfcore selectable by a separate config symbol which unlike the current mechanism can also be used from other directories than kernel/, then having each flavor of ELF that relies on elfcore.o, select it in Kconfig, including CONFIG_MIPS32_N32 and CONFIG_MIPS32_O32 which fixes this issue. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20160520141705.GA1913@linux-mips.org Signed-off-by: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org> Reviewed-by: James Hogan <james.hogan@imgtec.com> Cc: "Maciej W. Rozycki" <macro@linux-mips.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2016-03-22kernel: add kcov code coverageDmitry Vyukov-0/+12
kcov provides code coverage collection for coverage-guided fuzzing (randomized testing). Coverage-guided fuzzing is a testing technique that uses coverage feedback to determine new interesting inputs to a system. A notable user-space example is AFL (http://lcamtuf.coredump.cx/afl/). However, this technique is not widely used for kernel testing due to missing compiler and kernel support. kcov does not aim to collect as much coverage as possible. It aims to collect more or less stable coverage that is function of syscall inputs. To achieve this goal it does not collect coverage in soft/hard interrupts and instrumentation of some inherently non-deterministic or non-interesting parts of kernel is disbled (e.g. scheduler, locking). Currently there is a single coverage collection mode (tracing), but the API anticipates additional collection modes. Initially I also implemented a second mode which exposes coverage in a fixed-size hash table of counters (what Quentin used in his original patch). I've dropped the second mode for simplicity. This patch adds the necessary support on kernel side. The complimentary compiler support was added in gcc revision 231296. We've used this support to build syzkaller system call fuzzer, which has found 90 kernel bugs in just 2 months: https://github.com/google/syzkaller/wiki/Found-Bugs We've also found 30+ bugs in our internal systems with syzkaller. Another (yet unexplored) direction where kcov coverage would greatly help is more traditional "blob mutation". For example, mounting a random blob as a filesystem, or receiving a random blob over wire. Why not gcov. Typical fuzzing loop looks as follows: (1) reset coverage, (2) execute a bit of code, (3) collect coverage, repeat. A typical coverage can be just a dozen of basic blocks (e.g. an invalid input). In such context gcov becomes prohibitively expensive as reset/collect coverage steps depend on total number of basic blocks/edges in program (in case of kernel it is about 2M). Cost of kcov depends only on number of executed basic blocks/edges. On top of that, kernel requires per-thread coverage because there are always background threads and unrelated processes that also produce coverage. With inlined gcov instrumentation per-thread coverage is not possible. kcov exposes kernel PCs and control flow to user-space which is insecure. But debugfs should not be mapped as user accessible. Based on a patch by Quentin Casasnovas. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: make task_struct.kcov_mode have type `enum kcov_mode'] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: unbreak allmodconfig] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: follow x86 Makefile layout standards] Signed-off-by: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com> Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: syzkaller <syzkaller@googlegroups.com> Cc: Vegard Nossum <vegard.nossum@oracle.com> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Tavis Ormandy <taviso@google.com> Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Cc: Quentin Casasnovas <quentin.casasnovas@oracle.com> Cc: Kostya Serebryany <kcc@google.com> Cc: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Cc: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@google.com> Cc: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com> Cc: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Cc: David Drysdale <drysdale@google.com> Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org> Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <ryabinin.a.a@gmail.com> Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill@shutemov.name> Cc: Jiri Slaby <jslaby@suse.cz> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2016-01-31kernel/Makefile: remove the useless CFLAGS_REMOVE_cgroup-debug.oLi Bin-2/+1
The file cgroup-debug.c had been removed from commit fe6934354f8e (cgroups: move the cgroup debug subsys into cgroup.c to access internal state). Remain the CFLAGS_REMOVE_cgroup-debug.o = $(CC_FLAGS_FTRACE) useless in kernel/Makefile. Signed-off-by: Li Bin <huawei.libin@huawei.com> Acked-by: Zefan Li <lizefan@huawei.com> Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
2015-09-11sys_membarrier(): system-wide memory barrier (generic, x86)Mathieu Desnoyers-0/+1
Here is an implementation of a new system call, sys_membarrier(), which executes a memory barrier on all threads running on the system. It is implemented by calling synchronize_sched(). It can be used to distribute the cost of user-space memory barriers asymmetrically by transforming pairs of memory barriers into pairs consisting of sys_membarrier() and a compiler barrier. For synchronization primitives that distinguish between read-side and write-side (e.g. userspace RCU [1], rwlocks), the read-side can be accelerated significantly by moving the bulk of the memory barrier overhead to the write-side. The existing applications of which I am aware that would be improved by this system call are as follows: * Through Userspace RCU library (http://urcu.so) - DNS server (Knot DNS) https://www.knot-dns.cz/ - Network sniffer (http://netsniff-ng.org/) - Distributed object storage (https://sheepdog.github.io/sheepdog/) - User-space tracing (http://lttng.org) - Network storage system (https://www.gluster.org/) - Virtual routers (https://events.linuxfoundation.org/sites/events/files/slides/DPDK_RCU_0MQ.pdf) - Financial software (https://lkml.org/lkml/2015/3/23/189) Those projects use RCU in userspace to increase read-side speed and scalability compared to locking. Especially in the case of RCU used by libraries, sys_membarrier can speed up the read-side by moving the bulk of the memory barrier cost to synchronize_rcu(). * Direct users of sys_membarrier - core dotnet garbage collector (https://github.com/dotnet/coreclr/issues/198) Microsoft core dotnet GC developers are planning to use the mprotect() side-effect of issuing memory barriers through IPIs as a way to implement Windows FlushProcessWriteBuffers() on Linux. They are referring to sys_membarrier in their github thread, specifically stating that sys_membarrier() is what they are looking for. To explain the benefit of this scheme, let's introduce two example threads: Thread A (non-frequent, e.g. executing liburcu synchronize_rcu()) Thread B (frequent, e.g. executing liburcu rcu_read_lock()/rcu_read_unlock()) In a scheme where all smp_mb() in thread A are ordering memory accesses with respect to smp_mb() present in Thread B, we can change each smp_mb() within Thread A into calls to sys_membarrier() and each smp_mb() within Thread B into compiler barriers "barrier()". Before the change, we had, for each smp_mb() pairs: Thread A Thread B previous mem accesses previous mem accesses smp_mb() smp_mb() following mem accesses following mem accesses After the change, these pairs become: Thread A Thread B prev mem accesses prev mem accesses sys_membarrier() barrier() follow mem accesses follow mem accesses As we can see, there are two possible scenarios: either Thread B memory accesses do not happen concurrently with Thread A accesses (1), or they do (2). 1) Non-concurrent Thread A vs Thread B accesses: Thread A Thread B prev mem accesses sys_membarrier() follow mem accesses prev mem accesses barrier() follow mem accesses In this case, thread B accesses will be weakly ordered. This is OK, because at that point, thread A is not particularly interested in ordering them with respect to its own accesses. 2) Concurrent Thread A vs Thread B accesses Thread A Thread B prev mem accesses prev mem accesses sys_membarrier() barrier() follow mem accesses follow mem accesses In this case, thread B accesses, which are ensured to be in program order thanks to the compiler barrier, will be "upgraded" to full smp_mb() by synchronize_sched(). * Benchmarks On Intel Xeon E5405 (8 cores) (one thread is calling sys_membarrier, the other 7 threads are busy looping) 1000 non-expedited sys_membarrier calls in 33s =3D 33 milliseconds/call. * User-space user of this system call: Userspace RCU library Both the signal-based and the sys_membarrier userspace RCU schemes permit us to remove the memory barrier from the userspace RCU rcu_read_lock() and rcu_read_unlock() primitives, thus significantly accelerating them. These memory barriers are replaced by compiler barriers on the read-side, and all matching memory barriers on the write-side are turned into an invocation of a memory barrier on all active threads in the process. By letting the kernel perform this synchronization rather than dumbly sending a signal to every process threads (as we currently do), we diminish the number of unnecessary wake ups and only issue the memory barriers on active threads. Non-running threads do not need to execute such barrier anyway, because these are implied by the scheduler context switches. Results in liburcu: Operations in 10s, 6 readers, 2 writers: memory barriers in reader: 1701557485 reads, 2202847 writes signal-based scheme: 9830061167 reads, 6700 writes sys_membarrier: 9952759104 reads, 425 writes sys_membarrier (dyn. check): 7970328887 reads, 425 writes The dynamic sys_membarrier availability check adds some overhead to the read-side compared to the signal-based scheme, but besides that, sys_membarrier slightly outperforms the signal-based scheme. However, this non-expedited sys_membarrier implementation has a much slower grace period than signal and memory barrier schemes. Besides diminishing the number of wake-ups, one major advantage of the membarrier system call over the signal-based scheme is that it does not need to reserve a signal. This plays much more nicely with libraries, and with processes injected into for tracing purposes, for which we cannot expect that signals will be unused by the application. An expedited version of this system call can be added later on to speed up the grace period. Its implementation will likely depend on reading the cpu_curr()->mm without holding each CPU's rq lock. This patch adds the system call to x86 and to asm-generic. [1] http://urcu.so membarrier(2) man page: MEMBARRIER(2) Linux Programmer's Manual MEMBARRIER(2) NAME membarrier - issue memory barriers on a set of threads SYNOPSIS #include <linux/membarrier.h> int membarrier(int cmd, int flags); DESCRIPTION The cmd argument is one of the following: MEMBARRIER_CMD_QUERY Query the set of supported commands. It returns a bitmask of supported commands. MEMBARRIER_CMD_SHARED Execute a memory barrier on all threads running on the system. Upon return from system call, the caller thread is ensured that all running threads have passed through a state where all memory accesses to user-space addresses match program order between entry to and return from the system call (non-running threads are de facto in such a state). This covers threads from all pro=E2=80=90 cesses running on the system. This command returns 0. The flags argument needs to be 0. For future extensions. All memory accesses performed in program order from each targeted thread is guaranteed to be ordered with respect to sys_membarrier(). If we use the semantic "barrier()" to represent a compiler barrier forcing memory accesses to be performed in program order across the barrier, and smp_mb() to represent explicit memory barriers forcing full memory ordering across the barrier, we have the following ordering table for each pair of barrier(), sys_membarrier() and smp_mb(): The pair ordering is detailed as (O: ordered, X: not ordered): barrier() smp_mb() sys_membarrier() barrier() X X O smp_mb() X O O sys_membarrier() O O O RETURN VALUE On success, these system calls return zero. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately. For a given command, with flags argument set to 0, this system call is guaranteed to always return the same value until reboot. ERRORS ENOSYS System call is not implemented. EINVAL Invalid arguments. Linux 2015-04-15 MEMBARRIER(2) Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com> Reviewed-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Nicholas Miell <nmiell@comcast.net> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Alan Cox <gnomes@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk> Cc: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Stephen Hemminger <stephen@networkplumber.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: Pranith Kumar <bobby.prani@gmail.com> Cc: Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@gmail.com> Cc: Shuah Khan <shuahkh@osg.samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-09-10kexec: split kexec_load syscall from kexec core codeDave Young-0/+1
There are two kexec load syscalls, kexec_load another and kexec_file_load. kexec_file_load has been splited as kernel/kexec_file.c. In this patch I split kexec_load syscall code to kernel/kexec.c. And add a new kconfig option KEXEC_CORE, so we can disable kexec_load and use kexec_file_load only, or vice verse. The original requirement is from Ted Ts'o, he want kexec kernel signature being checked with CONFIG_KEXEC_VERIFY_SIG enabled. But kexec-tools use kexec_load syscall can bypass the checking. Vivek Goyal proposed to create a common kconfig option so user can compile in only one syscall for loading kexec kernel. KEXEC/KEXEC_FILE selects KEXEC_CORE so that old config files still work. Because there's general code need CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE, so I updated all the architecture Kconfig with a new option KEXEC_CORE, and let KEXEC selects KEXEC_CORE in arch Kconfig. Also updated general kernel code with to kexec_load syscall. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Signed-off-by: Dave Young <dyoung@redhat.com> Cc: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> Cc: Petr Tesarik <ptesarik@suse.cz> Cc: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu> Cc: Josh Boyer <jwboyer@fedoraproject.org> Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-09-10kexec: split kexec_file syscall code to kexec_file.cDave Young-0/+1
Split kexec_file syscall related code to another file kernel/kexec_file.c so that the #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_FILE in kexec.c can be dropped. Sharing variables and functions are moved to kernel/kexec_internal.h per suggestion from Vivek and Petr. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix bisectability] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: declare the various arch_kexec functions] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix build] Signed-off-by: Dave Young <dyoung@redhat.com> Cc: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> Cc: Petr Tesarik <ptesarik@suse.cz> Cc: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu> Cc: Josh Boyer <jwboyer@fedoraproject.org> Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-09-08Merge tag 'libnvdimm-for-4.3' of ↵Linus Torvalds-0/+2
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/nvdimm/nvdimm Pull libnvdimm updates from Dan Williams: "This update has successfully completed a 0day-kbuild run and has appeared in a linux-next release. The changes outside of the typical drivers/nvdimm/ and drivers/acpi/nfit.[ch] paths are related to the removal of IORESOURCE_CACHEABLE, the introduction of memremap(), and the introduction of ZONE_DEVICE + devm_memremap_pages(). Summary: - Introduce ZONE_DEVICE and devm_memremap_pages() as a generic mechanism for adding device-driver-discovered memory regions to the kernel's direct map. This facility is used by the pmem driver to enable pfn_to_page() operations on the page frames returned by DAX ('direct_access' in 'struct block_device_operations'). For now, the 'memmap' allocation for these "device" pages comes from "System RAM". Support for allocating the memmap from device memory will arrive in a later kernel. - Introduce memremap() to replace usages of ioremap_cache() and ioremap_wt(). memremap() drops the __iomem annotation for these mappings to memory that do not have i/o side effects. The replacement of ioremap_cache() with memremap() is limited to the pmem driver to ease merging the api change in v4.3. Completion of the conversion is targeted for v4.4. - Similar to the usage of memcpy_to_pmem() + wmb_pmem() in the pmem driver, update the VFS DAX implementation and PMEM api to provide persistence guarantees for kernel operations on a DAX mapping. - Convert the ACPI NFIT 'BLK' driver to map the block apertures as cacheable to improve performance. - Miscellaneous updates and fixes to libnvdimm including support for issuing "address range scrub" commands, clarifying the optimal 'sector size' of pmem devices, a clarification of the usage of the ACPI '_STA' (status) property for DIMM devices, and other minor fixes" * tag 'libnvdimm-for-4.3' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/nvdimm/nvdimm: (34 commits) libnvdimm, pmem: direct map legacy pmem by default libnvdimm, pmem: 'struct page' for pmem libnvdimm, pfn: 'struct page' provider infrastructure x86, pmem: clarify that ARCH_HAS_PMEM_API implies PMEM mapped WB add devm_memremap_pages mm: ZONE_DEVICE for "device memory" mm: move __phys_to_pfn and __pfn_to_phys to asm/generic/memory_model.h dax: drop size parameter to ->direct_access() nd_blk: change aperture mapping from WC to WB nvdimm: change to use generic kvfree() pmem, dax: have direct_access use __pmem annotation dax: update I/O path to do proper PMEM flushing pmem: add copy_from_iter_pmem() and clear_pmem() pmem, x86: clean up conditional pmem includes pmem: remove layer when calling arch_has_wmb_pmem() pmem, x86: move x86 PMEM API to new pmem.h header libnvdimm, e820: make CONFIG_X86_PMEM_LEGACY a tristate option pmem: switch to devm_ allocations devres: add devm_memremap libnvdimm, btt: write and validate parent_uuid ...
2015-09-08Merge branch 'upstream' of git://git.infradead.org/users/pcmoore/auditLinus Torvalds-1/+1
Pull audit update from Paul Moore: "This is one of the larger audit patchsets in recent history, consisting of eight patches and almost 400 lines of changes. The bulk of the patchset is the new "audit by executable" functionality which allows admins to set an audit watch based on the executable on disk. Prior to this, admins could only track an application by PID, which has some obvious limitations. Beyond the new functionality we also have some refcnt fixes and a few minor cleanups" * 'upstream' of git://git.infradead.org/users/pcmoore/audit: fixup: audit: implement audit by executable audit: implement audit by executable audit: clean simple fsnotify implementation audit: use macros for unset inode and device values audit: make audit_del_rule() more robust audit: fix uninitialized variable in audit_add_rule() audit: eliminate unnecessary extra layer of watch parent references audit: eliminate unnecessary extra layer of watch references
2015-09-08Merge branch 'next' of ↵Linus Torvalds-97/+0
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jmorris/linux-security Pull security subsystem updates from James Morris: "Highlights: - PKCS#7 support added to support signed kexec, also utilized for module signing. See comments in 3f1e1bea. ** NOTE: this requires linking against the OpenSSL library, which must be installed, e.g. the openssl-devel on Fedora ** - Smack - add IPv6 host labeling; ignore labels on kernel threads - support smack labeling mounts which use binary mount data - SELinux: - add ioctl whitelisting (see http://kernsec.org/files/lss2015/vanderstoep.pdf) - fix mprotect PROT_EXEC regression caused by mm change - Seccomp: - add ptrace options for suspend/resume" * 'next' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jmorris/linux-security: (57 commits) PKCS#7: Add OIDs for sha224, sha284 and sha512 hash algos and use them Documentation/Changes: Now need OpenSSL devel packages for module signing scripts: add extract-cert and sign-file to .gitignore modsign: Handle signing key in source tree modsign: Use if_changed rule for extracting cert from module signing key Move certificate handling to its own directory sign-file: Fix warning about BIO_reset() return value PKCS#7: Add MODULE_LICENSE() to test module Smack - Fix build error with bringup unconfigured sign-file: Document dependency on OpenSSL devel libraries PKCS#7: Appropriately restrict authenticated attributes and content type KEYS: Add a name for PKEY_ID_PKCS7 PKCS#7: Improve and export the X.509 ASN.1 time object decoder modsign: Use extract-cert to process CONFIG_SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYS extract-cert: Cope with multiple X.509 certificates in a single file sign-file: Generate CMS message as signature instead of PKCS#7 PKCS#7: Support CMS messages also [RFC5652] X.509: Change recorded SKID & AKID to not include Subject or Issuer PKCS#7: Check content type and versions MAINTAINERS: The keyrings mailing list has moved ...
2015-08-14arch: introduce memremap()Dan Williams-0/+2
Existing users of ioremap_cache() are mapping memory that is known in advance to not have i/o side effects. These users are forced to cast away the __iomem annotation, or otherwise neglect to fix the sparse errors thrown when dereferencing pointers to this memory. Provide memremap() as a non __iomem annotated ioremap_*() in the case when ioremap is otherwise a pointer to cacheable memory. Empirically, ioremap_<cacheable-type>() call sites are seeking memory-like semantics (e.g. speculative reads, and prefetching permitted). memremap() is a break from the ioremap implementation pattern of adding a new memremap_<type>() for each mapping type and having silent compatibility fall backs. Instead, the implementation defines flags that are passed to the central memremap() and if a mapping type is not supported by an arch memremap returns NULL. We introduce a memremap prototype as a trivial wrapper of ioremap_cache() and ioremap_wt(). Later, once all ioremap_cache() and ioremap_wt() usage has been removed from drivers we teach archs to implement arch_memremap() with the ability to strictly enforce the mapping type. Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
2015-08-14Move certificate handling to its own directoryDavid Howells-143/+0
Move certificate handling out of the kernel/ directory and into a certs/ directory to get all the weird stuff in one place and move the generated signing keys into this directory. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com>
2015-08-12modsign: Use extract-cert to process CONFIG_SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYSDavid Woodhouse-13/+12
Fix up the dependencies somewhat too, while we're at it. Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
2015-08-07modsign: Add explicit CONFIG_SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYS optionDavid Woodhouse-60/+65
Let the user explicitly provide a file containing trusted keys, instead of just automatically finding files matching *.x509 in the build tree and trusting whatever we find. This really ought to be an *explicit* configuration, and the build rules for dealing with the files were fairly painful too. Fix applied from James Morris that removes an '=' from a macro definition in kernel/Makefile as this is a feature that only exists from GNU make 3.82 onwards. Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
2015-08-07modsign: Use single PEM file for autogenerated keyDavid Woodhouse-8/+7
The current rule for generating signing_key.priv and signing_key.x509 is a classic example of a bad rule which has a tendency to break parallel make. When invoked to create *either* target, it generates the other target as a side-effect that make didn't predict. So let's switch to using a single file signing_key.pem which contains both key and certificate. That matches what we do in the case of an external key specified by CONFIG_MODULE_SIG_KEY anyway, so it's also slightly cleaner. Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
2015-08-07modsign: Extract signing cert from CONFIG_MODULE_SIG_KEY if neededDavid Woodhouse-0/+38
Where an external PEM file or PKCS#11 URI is given, we can get the cert from it for ourselves instead of making the user drop signing_key.x509 in place for us. Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
2015-08-07modsign: Allow external signing key to be specifiedDavid Woodhouse-0/+5
Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
2015-08-06audit: clean simple fsnotify implementationRichard Guy Briggs-1/+1
This is to be used to audit by executable path rules, but audit watches should be able to share this code eventually. At the moment the audit watch code is a lot more complex. That code only creates one fsnotify watch per parent directory. That 'audit_parent' in turn has a list of 'audit_watches' which contain the name, ino, dev of the specific object we care about. This just creates one fsnotify watch per object we care about. So if you watch 100 inodes in /etc this code will create 100 fsnotify watches on /etc. The audit_watch code will instead create 1 fsnotify watch on /etc (the audit_parent) and then 100 individual watches chained from that fsnotify mark. We should be able to convert the audit_watch code to do one fsnotify mark per watch and simplify things/remove a whole lot of code. After that conversion we should be able to convert the audit_fsnotify code to support that hierarchy if the optimization is necessary. Move the access to the entry for audit_match_signal() to the beginning of the audit_del_rule() function in case the entry found is the same one passed in. This will enable it to be used by audit_autoremove_mark_rule(), kill_rules() and audit_remove_parent_watches(). This is a heavily modified and merged version of two patches originally submitted by Eric Paris. Cc: Peter Moody <peter@hda3.com> Cc: Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Richard Guy Briggs <rgb@redhat.com> [PM: added a space after a declaration to keep ./scripts/checkpatch happy] Signed-off-by: Paul Moore <pmoore@redhat.com>
2015-07-14cgroup: implement the PIDs subsystemAleksa Sarai-0/+1
Adds a new single-purpose PIDs subsystem to limit the number of tasks that can be forked inside a cgroup. Essentially this is an implementation of RLIMIT_NPROC that applies to a cgroup rather than a process tree. However, it should be noted that organisational operations (adding and removing tasks from a PIDs hierarchy) will *not* be prevented. Rather, the number of tasks in the hierarchy cannot exceed the limit through forking. This is due to the fact that, in the unified hierarchy, attach cannot fail (and it is not possible for a task to overcome its PIDs cgroup policy limit by attaching to a child cgroup -- even if migrating mid-fork it must be able to fork in the parent first). PIDs are fundamentally a global resource, and it is possible to reach PID exhaustion inside a cgroup without hitting any reasonable kmemcg policy. Once you've hit PID exhaustion, you're only in a marginally better state than OOM. This subsystem allows PID exhaustion inside a cgroup to be prevented. Signed-off-by: Aleksa Sarai <cyphar@cyphar.com> Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
2015-07-02make certificate list change message more usefulLinus Torvalds-1/+1
It's a bug in our Makefile rules, make it show what the changing certificate list was, and make it a warning so that people actually see it. Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-04-30modsign: change default key detailsDavid Howells-3/+3
Change default key details to be more obviously unspecified. Reported-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Acked-by: James Morris <james.l.morris@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-04-15kernel: conditionally support non-root users, groups and capabilitiesIulia Manda-1/+3
There are a lot of embedded systems that run most or all of their functionality in init, running as root:root. For these systems, supporting multiple users is not necessary. This patch adds a new symbol, CONFIG_MULTIUSER, that makes support for non-root users, non-root groups, and capabilities optional. It is enabled under CONFIG_EXPERT menu. When this symbol is not defined, UID and GID are zero in any possible case and processes always have all capabilities. The following syscalls are compiled out: setuid, setregid, setgid, setreuid, setresuid, getresuid, setresgid, getresgid, setgroups, getgroups, setfsuid, setfsgid, capget, capset. Also, groups.c is compiled out completely. In kernel/capability.c, capable function was moved in order to avoid adding two ifdef blocks. This change saves about 25 KB on a defconfig build. The most minimal kernels have total text sizes in the high hundreds of kB rather than low MB. (The 25k goes down a bit with allnoconfig, but not that much. The kernel was booted in Qemu. All the common functionalities work. Adding users/groups is not possible, failing with -ENOSYS. Bloat-o-meter output: add/remove: 7/87 grow/shrink: 19/397 up/down: 1675/-26325 (-24650) [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Signed-off-by: Iulia Manda <iulia.manda21@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org> Acked-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Tested-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-11Merge branch 'next' of ↵Linus Torvalds-1/+1
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jmorris/linux-security Pull security layer updates from James Morris: "Highlights: - Smack adds secmark support for Netfilter - /proc/keys is now mandatory if CONFIG_KEYS=y - TPM gets its own device class - Added TPM 2.0 support - Smack file hook rework (all Smack users should review this!)" * 'next' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jmorris/linux-security: (64 commits) cipso: don't use IPCB() to locate the CIPSO IP option SELinux: fix error code in policydb_init() selinux: add security in-core xattr support for pstore and debugfs selinux: quiet the filesystem labeling behavior message selinux: Remove unused function avc_sidcmp() ima: /proc/keys is now mandatory Smack: Repair netfilter dependency X.509: silence asn1 compiler debug output X.509: shut up about included cert for silent build KEYS: Make /proc/keys unconditional if CONFIG_KEYS=y MAINTAINERS: email update tpm/tpm_tis: Add missing ifdef CONFIG_ACPI for pnp_acpi_device smack: fix possible use after frees in task_security() callers smack: Add missing logging in bidirectional UDS connect check Smack: secmark support for netfilter Smack: Rework file hooks tpm: fix format string error in tpm-chip.c char/tpm/tpm_crb: fix build error smack: Fix a bidirectional UDS connect check typo smack: introduce a special case for tmpfs in smack_d_instantiate() ...
2015-02-11Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds-2/+2
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/s390/linux Pull s390 updates from Martin Schwidefsky: - The remaining patches for the z13 machine support: kernel build option for z13, the cache synonym avoidance, SMT support, compare-and-delay for spinloops and the CES5S crypto adapater. - The ftrace support for function tracing with the gcc hotpatch option. This touches common code Makefiles, Steven is ok with the changes. - The hypfs file system gets an extension to access diagnose 0x0c data in user space for performance analysis for Linux running under z/VM. - The iucv hvc console gets wildcard spport for the user id filtering. - The cacheinfo code is converted to use the generic infrastructure. - Cleanup and bug fixes. * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/s390/linux: (42 commits) s390/process: free vx save area when releasing tasks s390/hypfs: Eliminate hypfs interval s390/hypfs: Add diagnose 0c support s390/cacheinfo: don't use smp_processor_id() in preemptible context s390/zcrypt: fixed domain scanning problem (again) s390/smp: increase maximum value of NR_CPUS to 512 s390/jump label: use different nop instruction s390/jump label: add sanity checks s390/mm: correct missing space when reporting user process faults s390/dasd: cleanup profiling s390/dasd: add locking for global_profile access s390/ftrace: hotpatch support for function tracing ftrace: let notrace function attribute disable hotpatching if necessary ftrace: allow architectures to specify ftrace compile options s390: reintroduce diag 44 calls for cpu_relax() s390/zcrypt: Add support for new crypto express (CEX5S) adapter. s390/zcrypt: Number of supported ap domains is not retrievable. s390/spinlock: add compare-and-delay to lock wait loops s390/tape: remove redundant if statement s390/hvc_iucv: add simple wildcard matches to the iucv allow filter ...
2015-01-29ftrace: allow architectures to specify ftrace compile optionsHeiko Carstens-2/+2
If the kernel is compiled with function tracer support the -pg compile option is passed to gcc to generate extra code into the prologue of each function. This patch replaces the "open-coded" -pg compile flag with a CC_FLAGS_FTRACE makefile variable which architectures can override if a different option should be used for code generation. Acked-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
2015-01-23X.509: shut up about included cert for silent buildArnd Bergmann-1/+1
Every kernel build that includes X.509 support prints out a message like - Including cert signing_key.x509 This may be useful for some cases, but when doing automated build tests, it just means noise. To hide the message, this uses '$(kecho)' for printing the message, which means we still see it when building with V=1, but not at the normal level or when building with 'make -s'. Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arnd.de> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
2014-12-22livepatch: kernel: add support for live patchingSeth Jennings-0/+1
This commit introduces code for the live patching core. It implements an ftrace-based mechanism and kernel interface for doing live patching of kernel and kernel module functions. It represents the greatest common functionality set between kpatch and kgraft and can accept patches built using either method. This first version does not implement any consistency mechanism that ensures that old and new code do not run together. In practice, ~90% of CVEs are safe to apply in this way, since they simply add a conditional check. However, any function change that can not execute safely with the old version of the function can _not_ be safely applied in this version. [ jkosina@suse.cz: due to the number of contributions that got folded into this original patch from Seth Jennings, add SUSE's copyright as well, as discussed via e-mail ] Signed-off-by: Seth Jennings <sjenning@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Miroslav Benes <mbenes@suse.cz> Reviewed-by: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.cz> Reviewed-by: Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com> Signed-off-by: Miroslav Benes <mbenes@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
2014-12-10kernel: res_counter: remove the unused APIJohannes Weiner-1/+0
All memory accounting and limiting has been switched over to the lockless page counters. Bye, res_counter! [akpm@linux-foundation.org: update Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt] [mhocko@suse.cz: ditch the last remainings of res_counter] Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Acked-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov@parallels.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Paul Bolle <pebolle@tiscali.nl> Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-27bpf: split eBPF out of NETAlexei Starovoitov-1/+1
introduce two configs: - hidden CONFIG_BPF to select eBPF interpreter that classic socket filters depend on - visible CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL (default off) that tracing and sockets can use that solves several problems: - tracing and others that wish to use eBPF don't need to depend on NET. They can use BPF_SYSCALL to allow loading from userspace or select BPF to use it directly from kernel in NET-less configs. - in 3.18 programs cannot be attached to events yet, so don't force it on - when the rest of eBPF infra is there in 3.19+, it's still useful to switch it off to minimize kernel size bloat-o-meter on x64 shows: add/remove: 0/60 grow/shrink: 0/2 up/down: 0/-15601 (-15601) tested with many different config combinations. Hopefully didn't miss anything. Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Acked-by: Daniel Borkmann <dborkman@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-08-08bin2c: move bin2c in scripts/basicVivek Goyal-1/+1
This patch series does not do kernel signature verification yet. I plan to post another patch series for that. Now distributions are already signing PE/COFF bzImage with PKCS7 signature I plan to parse and verify those signatures. Primary goal of this patchset is to prepare groundwork so that kernel image can be signed and signatures be verified during kexec load. This should help with two things. - It should allow kexec/kdump on secureboot enabled machines. - In general it can help even without secureboot. By being able to verify kernel image signature in kexec, it should help with avoiding module signing restrictions. Matthew Garret showed how to boot into a custom kernel, modify first kernel's memory and then jump back to old kernel and bypass any policy one wants to. This patch (of 15): Kexec wants to use bin2c and it wants to use it really early in the build process. See arch/x86/purgatory/ code in later patches. So move bin2c in scripts/basic so that it can be built very early and be usable by arch/x86/purgatory/ Signed-off-by: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Cc: Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@gmail.com> Cc: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org> Cc: Eric Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Matthew Garrett <mjg59@srcf.ucam.org> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@kroah.com> Cc: Dave Young <dyoung@redhat.com> Cc: WANG Chao <chaowang@redhat.com> Cc: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-08-06Merge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/davem/net-nextLinus Torvalds-0/+1
Pull networking updates from David Miller: "Highlights: 1) Steady transitioning of the BPF instructure to a generic spot so all kernel subsystems can make use of it, from Alexei Starovoitov. 2) SFC driver supports busy polling, from Alexandre Rames. 3) Take advantage of hash table in UDP multicast delivery, from David Held. 4) Lighten locking, in particular by getting rid of the LRU lists, in inet frag handling. From Florian Westphal. 5) Add support for various RFC6458 control messages in SCTP, from Geir Ola Vaagland. 6) Allow to filter bridge forwarding database dumps by device, from Jamal Hadi Salim. 7) virtio-net also now supports busy polling, from Jason Wang. 8) Some low level optimization tweaks in pktgen from Jesper Dangaard Brouer. 9) Add support for ipv6 address generation modes, so that userland can have some input into the process. From Jiri Pirko. 10) Consolidate common TCP connection request code in ipv4 and ipv6, from Octavian Purdila. 11) New ARP packet logger in netfilter, from Pablo Neira Ayuso. 12) Generic resizable RCU hash table, with intial users in netlink and nftables. From Thomas Graf. 13) Maintain a name assignment type so that userspace can see where a network device name came from (enumerated by kernel, assigned explicitly by userspace, etc.) From Tom Gundersen. 14) Automatic flow label generation on transmit in ipv6, from Tom Herbert. 15) New packet timestamping facilities from Willem de Bruijn, meant to assist in measuring latencies going into/out-of the packet scheduler, latency from TCP data transmission to ACK, etc" * git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/davem/net-next: (1536 commits) cxgb4 : Disable recursive mailbox commands when enabling vi net: reduce USB network driver config options. tg3: Modify tg3_tso_bug() to handle multiple TX rings amd-xgbe: Perform phy connect/disconnect at dev open/stop amd-xgbe: Use dma_set_mask_and_coherent to set DMA mask net: sun4i-emac: fix memory leak on bad packet sctp: fix possible seqlock seadlock in sctp_packet_transmit() Revert "net: phy: Set the driver when registering an MDIO bus device" cxgb4vf: Turn off SGE RX/TX Callback Timers and interrupts in PCI shutdown routine team: Simplify return path of team_newlink bridge: Update outdated comment on promiscuous mode net-timestamp: ACK timestamp for bytestreams net-timestamp: TCP timestamping net-timestamp: SCHED timestamp on entering packet scheduler net-timestamp: add key to disambiguate concurrent datagrams net-timestamp: move timestamp flags out of sk_flags net-timestamp: extend SCM_TIMESTAMPING ancillary data struct cxgb4i : Move stray CPL definitions to cxgb4 driver tcp: reduce spurious retransmits due to transient SACK reneging qlcnic: Initialize dcbnl_ops before register_netdev ...
2014-07-23net: filter: split filter.c into two filesAlexei Starovoitov-0/+1
BPF is used in several kernel components. This split creates logical boundary between generic eBPF core and the rest kernel/bpf/core.c: eBPF interpreter net/core/filter.c: classic->eBPF converter, classic verifiers, socket filters This patch only moves functions. Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-06-23time/timers: Move all time(r) related files into kernel/timeThomas Gleixner-21/+4
Except for Kconfig.HZ. That needs a separate treatment. Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
2014-03-31Merge branch 'x86-asmlinkage-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds-0/+3
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip Pull x86 LTO changes from Peter Anvin: "More infrastructure work in preparation for link-time optimization (LTO). Most of these changes is to make sure symbols accessed from assembly code are properly marked as visible so the linker doesn't remove them. My understanding is that the changes to support LTO are still not upstream in binutils, but are on the way there. This patchset should conclude the x86-specific changes, and remaining patches to actually enable LTO will be fed through the Kbuild tree (other than keeping up with changes to the x86 code base, of course), although not necessarily in this merge window" * 'x86-asmlinkage-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: (25 commits) Kbuild, lto: Handle basic LTO in modpost Kbuild, lto: Disable LTO for asm-offsets.c Kbuild, lto: Add a gcc-ld script to let run gcc as ld Kbuild, lto: add ld-version and ld-ifversion macros Kbuild, lto: Drop .number postfixes in modpost Kbuild, lto, workaround: Don't warn for initcall_reference in modpost lto: Disable LTO for sys_ni lto: Handle LTO common symbols in module loader lto, workaround: Add workaround for initcall reordering lto: Make asmlinkage __visible x86, lto: Disable LTO for the x86 VDSO initconst, x86: Fix initconst mistake in ts5500 code initconst: Fix initconst mistake in dcdbas asmlinkage: Make trace_hardirqs_on/off_caller visible asmlinkage, x86: Fix 32bit memcpy for LTO asmlinkage Make __stack_chk_failed and memcmp visible asmlinkage: Mark rwsem functions that can be called from assembler asmlinkage asmlinkage: Make main_extable_sort_needed visible asmlinkage, mutex: Mark __visible asmlinkage: Make trace_hardirq visible ...
2014-03-31Merge branch 'sched-core-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds-1/+0
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip Pull scheduler changes from Ingo Molnar: "Bigger changes: - sched/idle restructuring: they are WIP preparation for deeper integration between the scheduler and idle state selection, by Nicolas Pitre. - add NUMA scheduling pseudo-interleaving, by Rik van Riel. - optimize cgroup context switches, by Peter Zijlstra. - RT scheduling enhancements, by Thomas Gleixner. The rest is smaller changes, non-urgnt fixes and cleanups" * 'sched-core-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: (68 commits) sched: Clean up the task_hot() function sched: Remove double calculation in fix_small_imbalance() sched: Fix broken setscheduler() sparc64, sched: Remove unused sparc64_multi_core sched: Remove unused mc_capable() and smt_capable() sched/numa: Move task_numa_free() to __put_task_struct() sched/fair: Fix endless loop in idle_balance() sched/core: Fix endless loop in pick_next_task() sched/fair: Push down check for high priority class task into idle_balance() sched/rt: Fix picking RT and DL tasks from empty queue trace: Replace hardcoding of 19 with MAX_NICE sched: Guarantee task priority in pick_next_task() sched/idle: Remove stale old file sched: Put rq's sched_avg under CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED cpuidle/arm64: Remove redundant cpuidle_idle_call() cpuidle/powernv: Remove redundant cpuidle_idle_call() sched, nohz: Exclude isolated cores from load balancing sched: Fix select_task_rq_fair() description comments workqueue: Replace hardcoding of -20 and 19 with MIN_NICE and MAX_NICE sys: Replace hardcoding of -20 and 19 with MIN_NICE and MAX_NICE ...
2014-02-23rcutorture: Abstract rcu_torture_random()Paul E. McKenney-0/+1
Because rcu_torture_random() will be used by the locking equivalent to rcutorture, pull it out into its own module. This new module cannot be separately configured, instead, use the Kconfig "select" statement from the Kconfig options of tests depending on it. Suggested-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-02-13lto: Disable LTO for sys_niAndi Kleen-0/+3
The assembler alias code in cond_syscall does not work when compiled for LTO. Just disable LTO for that file. Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1391846481-31491-6-git-send-email-ak@linux.intel.com Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>
2014-02-11sched/idle: Move cpu/idle.c to sched/idle.cNicolas Pitre-1/+0
Integration of cpuidle with the scheduler requires that the idle loop be closely integrated with the scheduler proper. Moving cpu/idle.c into the sched directory will allow for a smoother integration, and eliminate a subdirectory which contained only one source file. Signed-off-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/alpine.LFD.2.11.1401301102210.1652@knanqh.ubzr Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2013-12-13KEYS: Remove files generated when SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYRING=yKirill Tkhai-1/+1
Always remove generated SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYRING files while doing make mrproper. Signed-off-by: Kirill Tkhai <tkhai@yandex.ru> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
2013-12-13X.509: Fix certificate gatheringDavid Howells-2/+3
Fix the gathering of certificates from both the source tree and the build tree to correctly calculate the pathnames of all the certificates. The problem was that if the default generated cert, signing_key.x509, didn't exist then it would not have a path attached and if it did, it would have a path attached. This means that the contents of kernel/.x509.list would change between the first compilation in a directory and the second. After the second it would remain stable because the signing_key.x509 file exists. The consequence was that the kernel would get relinked unconditionally on the second recompilation. The second recompilation would also show something like this: X.509 certificate list changed CERTS kernel/x509_certificate_list - Including cert /home/torvalds/v2.6/linux/signing_key.x509 AS kernel/system_certificates.o LD kernel/built-in.o which is why the relink would happen. Unfortunately, it isn't a simple matter of just sticking a path on the front of the filename of the certificate in the build directory as make can't then work out how to build it. So the path has to be prepended to the name for sorting and duplicate elimination and then removed for the make rule if it is in the build tree. Reported-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
2013-11-21Merge branch 'for-linus2' of ↵Linus Torvalds-8/+42
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jmorris/linux-security Pull security subsystem updates from James Morris: "In this patchset, we finally get an SELinux update, with Paul Moore taking over as maintainer of that code. Also a significant update for the Keys subsystem, as well as maintenance updates to Smack, IMA, TPM, and Apparmor" and since I wanted to know more about the updates to key handling, here's the explanation from David Howells on that: "Okay. There are a number of separate bits. I'll go over the big bits and the odd important other bit, most of the smaller bits are just fixes and cleanups. If you want the small bits accounting for, I can do that too. (1) Keyring capacity expansion. KEYS: Consolidate the concept of an 'index key' for key access KEYS: Introduce a search context structure KEYS: Search for auth-key by name rather than target key ID Add a generic associative array implementation. KEYS: Expand the capacity of a keyring Several of the patches are providing an expansion of the capacity of a keyring. Currently, the maximum size of a keyring payload is one page. Subtract a small header and then divide up into pointers, that only gives you ~500 pointers on an x86_64 box. However, since the NFS idmapper uses a keyring to store ID mapping data, that has proven to be insufficient to the cause. Whatever data structure I use to handle the keyring payload, it can only store pointers to keys, not the keys themselves because several keyrings may point to a single key. This precludes inserting, say, and rb_node struct into the key struct for this purpose. I could make an rbtree of records such that each record has an rb_node and a key pointer, but that would use four words of space per key stored in the keyring. It would, however, be able to use much existing code. I selected instead a non-rebalancing radix-tree type approach as that could have a better space-used/key-pointer ratio. I could have used the radix tree implementation that we already have and insert keys into it by their serial numbers, but that means any sort of search must iterate over the whole radix tree. Further, its nodes are a bit on the capacious side for what I want - especially given that key serial numbers are randomly allocated, thus leaving a lot of empty space in the tree. So what I have is an associative array that internally is a radix-tree with 16 pointers per node where the index key is constructed from the key type pointer and the key description. This means that an exact lookup by type+description is very fast as this tells us how to navigate directly to the target key. I made the data structure general in lib/assoc_array.c as far as it is concerned, its index key is just a sequence of bits that leads to a pointer. It's possible that someone else will be able to make use of it also. FS-Cache might, for example. (2) Mark keys as 'trusted' and keyrings as 'trusted only'. KEYS: verify a certificate is signed by a 'trusted' key KEYS: Make the system 'trusted' keyring viewable by userspace KEYS: Add a 'trusted' flag and a 'trusted only' flag KEYS: Separate the kernel signature checking keyring from module signing These patches allow keys carrying asymmetric public keys to be marked as being 'trusted' and allow keyrings to be marked as only permitting the addition or linkage of trusted keys. Keys loaded from hardware during kernel boot or compiled into the kernel during build are marked as being trusted automatically. New keys can be loaded at runtime with add_key(). They are checked against the system keyring contents and if their signatures can be validated with keys that are already marked trusted, then they are marked trusted also and can thus be added into the master keyring. Patches from Mimi Zohar make this usable with the IMA keyrings also. (3) Remove the date checks on the key used to validate a module signature. X.509: Remove certificate date checks It's not reasonable to reject a signature just because the key that it was generated with is no longer valid datewise - especially if the kernel hasn't yet managed to set the system clock when the first module is loaded - so just remove those checks. (4) Make it simpler to deal with additional X.509 being loaded into the kernel. KEYS: Load *.x509 files into kernel keyring KEYS: Have make canonicalise the paths of the X.509 certs better to deduplicate The builder of the kernel now just places files with the extension ".x509" into the kernel source or build trees and they're concatenated by the kernel build and stuffed into the appropriate section. (5) Add support for userspace kerberos to use keyrings. KEYS: Add per-user_namespace registers for persistent per-UID kerberos caches KEYS: Implement a big key type that can save to tmpfs Fedora went to, by default, storing kerberos tickets and tokens in tmpfs. We looked at storing it in keyrings instead as that confers certain advantages such as tickets being automatically deleted after a certain amount of time and the ability for the kernel to get at these tokens more easily. To make this work, two things were needed: (a) A way for the tickets to persist beyond the lifetime of all a user's sessions so that cron-driven processes can still use them. The problem is that a user's session keyrings are deleted when the session that spawned them logs out and the user's user keyring is deleted when the UID is deleted (typically when the last log out happens), so neither of these places is suitable. I've added a system keyring into which a 'persistent' keyring is created for each UID on request. Each time a user requests their persistent keyring, the expiry time on it is set anew. If the user doesn't ask for it for, say, three days, the keyring is automatically expired and garbage collected using the existing gc. All the kerberos tokens it held are then also gc'd. (b) A key type that can hold really big tickets (up to 1MB in size). The problem is that Active Directory can return huge tickets with lots of auxiliary data attached. We don't, however, want to eat up huge tracts of unswappable kernel space for this, so if the ticket is greater than a certain size, we create a swappable shmem file and dump the contents in there and just live with the fact we then have an inode and a dentry overhead. If the ticket is smaller than that, we slap it in a kmalloc()'d buffer" * 'for-linus2' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jmorris/linux-security: (121 commits) KEYS: Fix keyring content gc scanner KEYS: Fix error handling in big_key instantiation KEYS: Fix UID check in keyctl_get_persistent() KEYS: The RSA public key algorithm needs to select MPILIB ima: define '_ima' as a builtin 'trusted' keyring ima: extend the measurement list to include the file signature kernel/system_certificate.S: use real contents instead of macro GLOBAL() KEYS: fix error return code in big_key_instantiate() KEYS: Fix keyring quota misaccounting on key replacement and unlink KEYS: Fix a race between negating a key and reading the error set KEYS: Make BIG_KEYS boolean apparmor: remove the "task" arg from may_change_ptraced_domain() apparmor: remove parent task info from audit logging apparmor: remove tsk field from the apparmor_audit_struct apparmor: fix capability to not use the current task, during reporting Smack: Ptrace access check mode ima: provide hash algo info in the xattr ima: enable support for larger default filedata hash algorithms ima: define kernel parameter 'ima_template=' to change configured default ima: add Kconfig default measurement list template ...
2013-11-06locking: Move the lglocks code to kernel/locking/Peter Zijlstra-1/+1
Suggested-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/n/tip-amd6pg1mif6tikbyktfvby3y@git.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2013-11-06locking: Move the rwsem code to kernel/locking/Peter Zijlstra-1/+1
Notably: changed lib/rwsem* targets from lib- to obj-, no idea about the ramifications of that. Suggested-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/n/tip-g0kynfh5feriwc6p3h6kpbw6@git.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2013-11-06locking: Move the rtmutex code to kernel/locking/Peter Zijlstra-3/+0
Suggested-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/n/tip-p9ijt8div0hwldexwfm4nlhj@git.kernel.org [ Fixed build failure in kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h. ] Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2013-11-06locking: Move the semaphore core to kernel/locking/Peter Zijlstra-1/+1
Suggested-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/n/tip-vmw5sf6vzmua1z6nx1cg69h2@git.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2013-11-06locking: Move the spinlock code to kernel/locking/Peter Zijlstra-3/+0
Suggested-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/n/tip-b81ol0z3mon45m51o131yc9j@git.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2013-11-06locking: Move the lockdep code to kernel/locking/Peter Zijlstra-6/+0
Suggested-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/n/tip-wl7s3tta5isufzfguc23et06@git.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2013-11-06locking: Move the mutex code to kernel/locking/Peter Zijlstra-4/+2
Suggested-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/n/tip-1ditvncg30dgbpvrz2bxfmke@git.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2013-11-06Merge branch 'sched/core' into core/locking, to prepare the kernel/locking/ ↵Ingo Molnar-1/+1
file move Conflicts: kernel/Makefile There are conflicts in kernel/Makefile due to file moving in the scheduler tree - resolve them. Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2013-11-06sched: Move wait.c into kernel/sched/Peter Zijlstra-1/+1
Suggested-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/n/tip-5q5yqvdaen0rmapwloeaotx3@git.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2013-10-15rcu: Move RCU-related source code to kernel/rcu directoryPaul E. McKenney-8/+3
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>