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2015-11-24context_tracking: Switch to new static_branch APIAndy Lutomirski-2/+2
This is much less error-prone than the old code. Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com> Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com> Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/812df7e64f120c5c7c08481f36a8caa9f53b2199.1447361906.git.luto@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2015-11-10context_tracking: avoid irq_save/irq_restore on guest entry and exitPaolo Bonzini-26/+38
guest_enter and guest_exit must be called with interrupts disabled, since they take the vtime_seqlock with write_seq{lock,unlock}. Therefore, it is not necessary to check for exceptions, nor to save/restore the IRQ state, when context tracking functions are called by guest_enter and guest_exit. Split the body of context_tracking_entry and context_tracking_exit out to __-prefixed functions, and use them from KVM. Rik van Riel has measured this to speed up a tight vmentry/vmexit loop by about 2%. Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: Paul McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Tested-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
2015-11-10context_tracking: remove duplicate enabled checkPaolo Bonzini-14/+2
All calls to context_tracking_enter and context_tracking_exit are already checking context_tracking_is_enabled, except the context_tracking_user_enter and context_tracking_user_exit functions left in for the benefit of assembly calls. Pull the check up to those functions, by making them simple wrappers around the user_enter and user_exit inline functions. Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: Paul McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Tested-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Acked-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
2015-05-07context_tracking: Inherit TIF_NOHZ through forks instead of context switchesFrederic Weisbecker-25/+19
TIF_NOHZ is used by context_tracking to force syscall slow-path on every task in order to track userspace roundtrips. As such, it must be set on all running tasks. It's currently explicitly inherited through context switches. There is no need to do it in this fast-path though. The flag could simply be set once for all on all tasks, whether they are running or not. Lets do this by setting the flag for the init task on early boot, and let it propagate through fork inheritance. While at it, mark context_tracking_cpu_set() as init code, we only need it at early boot time. Suggested-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@ezchip.com> Cc: Dave Jones <davej@redhat.com> Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: Mike Galbraith <umgwanakikbuti@gmail.com> Cc: Paul E . McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Rafael J . Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1430928266-24888-3-git-send-email-fweisbec@gmail.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2015-05-07context_tracking: Protect against recursionFrederic Weisbecker-0/+29
Context tracking recursion can happen when an exception triggers in the middle of a call to a context tracking probe. This special case can be caused by vmalloc faults. If an access to a memory area allocated by vmalloc happens in the middle of context_tracking_enter(), we may run into an endless fault loop because the exception in turn calls context_tracking_enter() which faults on the same vmalloc'ed memory, triggering an exception again, etc... Some rare crashes have been reported so lets protect against this with a recursion counter. Reported-by: Dave Jones <davej@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@ezchip.com> Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: Mike Galbraith <umgwanakikbuti@gmail.com> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Rafael J . Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1430928266-24888-2-git-send-email-fweisbec@gmail.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2015-03-09context_tracking: Export context_tracking_user_enter/exitRik van Riel-0/+2
Export context_tracking_user_enter/exit so it can be used by KVM. Reviewed-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net> Cc: Will deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Cc: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com> Cc: Christian Borntraeger <borntraeger@de.ibm.com> Cc: Luiz Capitulino <lcapitulino@redhat.com> Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
2015-03-09context_tracking: Run vtime_user_enter/exit only when state == CONTEXT_USERRik van Riel-4/+8
Only run vtime_user_enter, vtime_user_exit, and the user enter & exit trace points when we are entering or exiting user state, respectively. The KVM code in guest_enter and guest_exit already take care of calling vtime_guest_enter and vtime_guest_exit, respectively. The RCU code only distinguishes between "idle" and "not idle or kernel". There should be no need to add an additional (unused) state there. Reviewed-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net> Cc: Will deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Cc: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com> Cc: Christian Borntraeger <borntraeger@de.ibm.com> Cc: Luiz Capitulino <lcapitulino@redhat.com> Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
2015-03-09context_tracking: Generalize context tracking APIs to support user and guestRik van Riel-15/+28
Generalize the context tracking APIs to support various nature of contexts. This is performed by splitting out the mechanism from context_tracking_user_enter and context_tracking_user_exit into context_tracking_enter and context_tracking_exit. The nature of the context we track is now detailed in a ctx_state parameter pushed to these APIs, allowing the same functions to not just track kernel <> user space switching, but also kernel <> guest transitions. But leave the old functions in order to avoid breaking ARM, which calls these functions from assembler code, and cannot easily use C enum parameters. Reviewed-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net> Cc: Will deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Cc: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com> Cc: Christian Borntraeger <borntraeger@de.ibm.com> Cc: Luiz Capitulino <lcapitulino@redhat.com> Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
2015-03-09context_tracking: Rename context symbols to prepare for transition stateFrederic Weisbecker-4/+4
Current context tracking symbols are designed to express living state. As such they are prefixed with "IN_": IN_USER, IN_KERNEL. Now we are going to use these symbols to also express state transitions such as context_tracking_enter(IN_USER) or context_tracking_exit(IN_USER). But while the "IN_" prefix works well to express entering a context, it's confusing to depict a context exit: context_tracking_exit(IN_USER) could mean two things: 1) We are exiting the current context to enter user context. 2) We are exiting the user context We want 2) but the reviewer may be confused and understand 1) So lets disambiguate these symbols and rename them to CONTEXT_USER and CONTEXT_KERNEL. Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net> Cc: Will deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Cc: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com> Cc: Christian Borntraeger <borntraeger@de.ibm.com> Cc: Luiz Capitulino <lcapitulino@redhat.com> Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
2014-10-28sched: stop the unbound recursion in preempt_schedule_context()Oleg Nesterov-40/+0
preempt_schedule_context() does preempt_enable_notrace() at the end and this can call the same function again; exception_exit() is heavy and it is quite possible that need-resched is true again. 1. Change this code to dec preempt_count() and check need_resched() by hand. 2. As Linus suggested, we can use the PREEMPT_ACTIVE bit and avoid the enable/disable dance around __schedule(). But in this case we need to move into sched/core.c. 3. Cosmetic, but x86 forgets to declare this function. This doesn't really matter because it is only called by asm helpers, still it make sense to add the declaration into asm/preempt.h to match preempt_schedule(). Reported-by: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Alexander Graf <agraf@suse.de> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net> Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com> Cc: Chuck Ebbert <cebbert.lkml@gmail.com> Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20141005202322.GB27962@redhat.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2014-06-14x86/kprobes: Fix build errors and blacklist context_track_userMasami Hiramatsu-0/+3
This essentially reverts commit: ecd50f714c42 ("kprobes, x86: Call exception_enter after kprobes handled") since it causes build errors with CONFIG_CONTEXT_TRACKING and that has been made from misunderstandings; context_track_user_*() don't involve much in interrupt context, it just returns if in_interrupt() is true. Instead of changing the do_debug/int3(), this just adds context_track_user_*() to kprobes blacklist, since those are still can be called right before kprobes handles int3 and debug exceptions, and probing those will cause an infinite loop. Reported-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz> Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Seiji Aguchi <seiji.aguchi@hds.com> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20140614064711.7865.45957.stgit@kbuild-fedora.novalocal Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2014-05-05asmlinkage: Add explicit __visible to drivers/*, lib/*, kernel/*Andi Kleen-1/+1
As requested by Linus add explicit __visible to the asmlinkage users. This marks functions visible to assembler. Tree sweep for rest of tree. Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1398984278-29319-4-git-send-email-andi@firstfloor.org Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>
2013-12-02context_tracking: Wrap static key check into more intuitive function nameFrederic Weisbecker-4/+4
Use a function with a meaningful name to check the global context tracking state. static_key_false() is a bit confusing for reviewers. Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2013-10-09Merge tag 'v3.12-rc4' into sched/coreIngo Molnar-0/+12
Merge Linux v3.12-rc4 to fix a conflict and also to refresh the tree before applying more scheduler patches. Conflicts: arch/avr32/include/asm/Kbuild Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2013-09-27arm: Fix build error with context tracking callsFrederic Weisbecker-0/+12
ad65782fba50 (context_tracking: Optimize main APIs off case with static key) converted context tracking main APIs to inline function and left ARM asm callers behind. This can be easily fixed by making ARM calling the post static keys context tracking function. We just need to replicate the static key checks there. We'll remove these later when ARM will support the context tracking static keys. Reported-by: Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net> Reported-by: Russell King <linux@arm.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Tested-by: Kevin Hilman <khilman@linaro.org> Cc: Nicolas Pitre <nicolas.pitre@linaro.org> Cc: Anil Kumar <anilk4.v@gmail.com> Cc: Tony Lindgren <tony@atomide.com> Cc: Benoit Cousson <b-cousson@ti.com> Cc: Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net> Cc: Russell King <linux@arm.linux.org.uk> Cc: Kevin Hilman <khilman@linaro.org>
2013-09-25sched: Extract the basic add/sub preempt_count modifiersPeter Zijlstra-1/+1
Rewrite the preempt_count macros in order to extract the 3 basic preempt_count value modifiers: __preempt_count_add() __preempt_count_sub() and the new: __preempt_count_dec_and_test() And since we're at it anyway, replace the unconventional $op_preempt_count names with the more conventional preempt_count_$op. Since these basic operators are equivalent to the previous _notrace() variants, do away with the _notrace() versions. Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/n/tip-ewbpdbupy9xpsjhg960zwbv8@git.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2013-08-14context_tracking: User/kernel broundary cross trace eventsFrederic Weisbecker-0/+5
This can be useful to track all kernel/user round trips. And it's also helpful to debug the context tracking subsystem. Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Li Zhong <zhong@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Cc: Kevin Hilman <khilman@linaro.org>
2013-08-14context_tracking: Optimize context switch off case with static keysFrederic Weisbecker-3/+3
No need for syscall slowpath if no CPU is full dynticks, rather nop this in this case. Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Li Zhong <zhong@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Cc: Kevin Hilman <khilman@linaro.org>
2013-08-14context_tracking: Optimize guest APIs off case with static keyFrederic Weisbecker-21/+2
Optimize guest entry/exit APIs with static keys. This minimize the overhead for those who enable CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL without always using it. Having no range passed to nohz_full= should result in the probes overhead to be minimized. Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Li Zhong <zhong@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Cc: Kevin Hilman <khilman@linaro.org>
2013-08-14context_tracking: Optimize main APIs off case with static keyFrederic Weisbecker-6/+6
Optimize user and exception entry/exit APIs with static keys. This minimize the overhead for those who enable CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL without always using it. Having no range passed to nohz_full= should result in the probes to be nopped (at least we hope so...). If this proves not be enough in the long term, we'll need to bring an exception slow path by re-routing the exception handlers. Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Li Zhong <zhong@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Cc: Kevin Hilman <khilman@linaro.org>
2013-08-14context_tracking: Ground setup for static key useFrederic Weisbecker-6/+17
Prepare for using a static key in the context tracking subsystem. This will help optimizing the off case on its many users: * user_enter, user_exit, exception_enter, exception_exit, guest_enter, guest_exit, vtime_*() Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Li Zhong <zhong@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Cc: Kevin Hilman <khilman@linaro.org>
2013-08-13nohz: Only enable context tracking on full dynticks CPUsFrederic Weisbecker-0/+5
The context tracking subsystem has the ability to selectively enable the tracking on any defined subset of CPU. This means that we can define a CPU range that doesn't run the context tracking and another range that does. Now what we want in practice is to enable the tracking on full dynticks CPUs only. In order to perform this, we just need to pass our full dynticks CPU range selection from the full dynticks subsystem to the context tracking. This way we can spare the overhead of RCU user extended quiescent state and vtime maintainance on the CPUs that are outside the full dynticks range. Just keep in mind the raw context tracking itself is still necessary everywhere. Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Li Zhong <zhong@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Cc: Kevin Hilman <khilman@linaro.org>
2013-08-13context_tracking: Fix runtime CPU off-caseFrederic Weisbecker-19/+33
As long as the context tracking is enabled on any CPU, even a single one, all other CPUs need to keep track of their user <-> kernel boundaries cross as well. This is because a task can sleep while servicing an exception that happened in the kernel or in userspace. Then when the task eventually wakes up and return from the exception, the CPU needs to know if we resume in userspace or in the kernel. exception_exit() get this information from exception_enter() that saved the previous state. If the CPU where the exception happened didn't keep track of these informations, exception_exit() doesn't know which state tracking to restore on the CPU where the task got migrated and we may return to userspace with the context tracking subsystem thinking that we are in kernel mode. This can be fixed in the long term if we move our context tracking probes on very low level arch fast path user <-> kernel boundary, although even that is worrisome as an exception can still happen in the few instructions between the probe and the actual iret. Also we are not yet ready to set these probes in the fast path given the potential overhead problem it induces. So let's fix this by always enable context tracking even on CPUs that are not in the full dynticks range. OTOH we can spare the rcu_user_*() and vtime_user_*() calls there because the tick runs on these CPUs and we can handle RCU state machine and cputime accounting through it. Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Li Zhong <zhong@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Cc: Kevin Hilman <khilman@linaro.org>
2013-08-13context_tracing: Fix guest accounting with native vtimeFrederic Weisbecker-2/+4
1) If context tracking is enabled with native vtime accounting (which combo is useless except for dev testing), we call vtime_guest_enter() and vtime_guest_exit() on host <-> guest switches. But those are stubs in this configurations. As a result, cputime is not correctly flushed on kvm context switches. 2) If context tracking runs but is disabled on some CPUs, those CPUs end up calling __guest_enter/__guest_exit which in turn call vtime_account_system(). We don't want to call this because we run in tick based accounting for these CPUs. Refactor the guest_enter/guest_exit code such that all combinations finally work. Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Li Zhong <zhong@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Cc: Kevin Hilman <khilman@linaro.org>
2013-08-13sched: Consolidate open coded preemptible() checksFrederic Weisbecker-2/+1
preempt_schedule() and preempt_schedule_context() open code their preemptability checks. Use the standard API instead for consolidation. Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: Li Zhong <zhong@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Alex Shi <alex.shi@intel.com> Cc: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com> Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Cc: Vincent Guittot <vincent.guittot@linaro.org>
2013-06-20Merge branch 'sched-urgent-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds-0/+40
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip Pull scheduler fixes from Ingo Molnar: "Two smaller fixes - plus a context tracking tracing fix that is a bit bigger" * 'sched-urgent-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: tracing/context-tracking: Add preempt_schedule_context() for tracing sched: Fix clear NOHZ_BALANCE_KICK sched/x86: Construct all sibling maps if smt
2013-06-19tracing/context-tracking: Add preempt_schedule_context() for tracingSteven Rostedt-0/+40
Dave Jones hit the following bug report: =============================== [ INFO: suspicious RCU usage. ] 3.10.0-rc2+ #1 Not tainted ------------------------------- include/linux/rcupdate.h:771 rcu_read_lock() used illegally while idle! other info that might help us debug this: RCU used illegally from idle CPU! rcu_scheduler_active = 1, debug_locks = 0 RCU used illegally from extended quiescent state! 2 locks held by cc1/63645: #0: (&rq->lock){-.-.-.}, at: [<ffffffff816b39fd>] __schedule+0xed/0x9b0 #1: (rcu_read_lock){.+.+..}, at: [<ffffffff8109d645>] cpuacct_charge+0x5/0x1f0 CPU: 1 PID: 63645 Comm: cc1 Not tainted 3.10.0-rc2+ #1 [loadavg: 40.57 27.55 13.39 25/277 64369] Hardware name: Gigabyte Technology Co., Ltd. GA-MA78GM-S2H/GA-MA78GM-S2H, BIOS F12a 04/23/2010 0000000000000000 ffff88010f78fcf8 ffffffff816ae383 ffff88010f78fd28 ffffffff810b698d ffff88011c092548 000000000023d073 ffff88011c092500 0000000000000001 ffff88010f78fd60 ffffffff8109d7c5 ffffffff8109d645 Call Trace: [<ffffffff816ae383>] dump_stack+0x19/0x1b [<ffffffff810b698d>] lockdep_rcu_suspicious+0xfd/0x130 [<ffffffff8109d7c5>] cpuacct_charge+0x185/0x1f0 [<ffffffff8109d645>] ? cpuacct_charge+0x5/0x1f0 [<ffffffff8108dffc>] update_curr+0xec/0x240 [<ffffffff8108f528>] put_prev_task_fair+0x228/0x480 [<ffffffff816b3a71>] __schedule+0x161/0x9b0 [<ffffffff816b4721>] preempt_schedule+0x51/0x80 [<ffffffff816b4800>] ? __cond_resched_softirq+0x60/0x60 [<ffffffff816b6824>] ? retint_careful+0x12/0x2e [<ffffffff810ff3cc>] ftrace_ops_control_func+0x1dc/0x210 [<ffffffff816be280>] ftrace_call+0x5/0x2f [<ffffffff816b681d>] ? retint_careful+0xb/0x2e [<ffffffff816b4805>] ? schedule_user+0x5/0x70 [<ffffffff816b4805>] ? schedule_user+0x5/0x70 [<ffffffff816b6824>] ? retint_careful+0x12/0x2e ------------[ cut here ]------------ What happened was that the function tracer traced the schedule_user() code that tells RCU that the system is coming back from userspace, and to add the CPU back to the RCU monitoring. Because the function tracer does a preempt_disable/enable_notrace() calls the preempt_enable_notrace() checks the NEED_RESCHED flag. If it is set, then preempt_schedule() is called. But this is called before the user_exit() function can inform the kernel that the CPU is no longer in user mode and needs to be accounted for by RCU. The fix is to create a new preempt_schedule_context() that checks if the kernel is still in user mode and if so to switch it to kernel mode before calling schedule. It also switches back to user mode coming back from schedule in need be. The only user of this currently is the preempt_enable_notrace(), which is only used by the tracing subsystem. Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1369423420.6828.226.camel@gandalf.local.home Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2013-05-31kvm: Move guest entry/exit APIs to context_trackingFrederic Weisbecker-1/+0
The kvm_host.h header file doesn't handle well inclusion when archs don't support KVM. This results in build crashes for such archs when they want to implement context tracking because this subsystem includes kvm_host.h in order to implement the guest_enter/exit APIs but it doesn't handle KVM off case. To fix this, move the guest_enter()/guest_exit() declarations and generic implementation to the context tracking headers. These generic APIs actually belong to this subsystem, besides other domains boundary tracking like user_enter() et al. KVM now properly becomes a user of this library, not the other buggy way around. Reported-by: Kevin Hilman <khilman@linaro.org> Reviewed-by: Kevin Hilman <khilman@linaro.org> Tested-by: Kevin Hilman <khilman@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Kevin Hilman <khilman@linaro.org> Cc: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com> Cc: Gleb Natapov <gleb@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2013-02-19Merge branch 'sched-core-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds-18/+25
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip Pull scheduler changes from Ingo Molnar: "Main changes: - scheduler side full-dynticks (user-space execution is undisturbed and receives no timer IRQs) preparation changes that convert the cputime accounting code to be full-dynticks ready, from Frederic Weisbecker. - Initial sched.h split-up changes, by Clark Williams - select_idle_sibling() performance improvement by Mike Galbraith: " 1 tbench pair (worst case) in a 10 core + SMT package: pre 15.22 MB/sec 1 procs post 252.01 MB/sec 1 procs " - sched_rr_get_interval() ABI fix/change. We think this detail is not used by apps (so it's not an ABI in practice), but lets keep it under observation. - misc RT scheduling cleanups, optimizations" * 'sched-core-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: (24 commits) sched/rt: Add <linux/sched/rt.h> header to <linux/init_task.h> cputime: Remove irqsave from seqlock readers sched, powerpc: Fix sched.h split-up build failure cputime: Restore CPU_ACCOUNTING config defaults for PPC64 sched/rt: Move rt specific bits into new header file sched/rt: Add a tuning knob to allow changing SCHED_RR timeslice sched: Move sched.h sysctl bits into separate header sched: Fix signedness bug in yield_to() sched: Fix select_idle_sibling() bouncing cow syndrome sched/rt: Further simplify pick_rt_task() sched/rt: Do not account zero delta_exec in update_curr_rt() cputime: Safely read cputime of full dynticks CPUs kvm: Prepare to add generic guest entry/exit callbacks cputime: Use accessors to read task cputime stats cputime: Allow dynamic switch between tick/virtual based cputime accounting cputime: Generic on-demand virtual cputime accounting cputime: Move default nsecs_to_cputime() to jiffies based cputime file cputime: Librarize per nsecs resolution cputime definitions cputime: Avoid multiplication overflow on utime scaling context_tracking: Export context state for generic vtime ... Fix up conflict in kernel/context_tracking.c due to comment additions.
2013-01-27cputime: Safely read cputime of full dynticks CPUsFrederic Weisbecker-1/+20
While remotely reading the cputime of a task running in a full dynticks CPU, the values stored in utime/stime fields of struct task_struct may be stale. Its values may be those of the last kernel <-> user transition time snapshot and we need to add the tickless time spent since this snapshot. To fix this, flush the cputime of the dynticks CPUs on kernel <-> user transition and record the time / context where we did this. Then on top of this snapshot and the current time, perform the fixup on the reader side from task_times() accessors. Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: Li Zhong <zhong@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung.kim@lge.com> Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> [fixed kvm module related build errors] Signed-off-by: Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@gmail.com>
2013-01-27cputime: Generic on-demand virtual cputime accountingFrederic Weisbecker-2/+4
If we want to stop the tick further idle, we need to be able to account the cputime without using the tick. Virtual based cputime accounting solves that problem by hooking into kernel/user boundaries. However implementing CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING require low level hooks and involves more overhead. But we already have a generic context tracking subsystem that is required for RCU needs by archs which plan to shut down the tick outside idle. This patch implements a generic virtual based cputime accounting that relies on these generic kernel/user hooks. There are some upsides of doing this: - This requires no arch code to implement CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING if context tracking is already built (already necessary for RCU in full tickless mode). - We can rely on the generic context tracking subsystem to dynamically (de)activate the hooks, so that we can switch anytime between virtual and tick based accounting. This way we don't have the overhead of the virtual accounting when the tick is running periodically. And one downside: - There is probably more overhead than a native virtual based cputime accounting. But this relies on hooks that are already set anyway. Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: Li Zhong <zhong@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung.kim@lge.com> Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
2013-01-26context_tracking: Add comments on interface and internalsFrederic Weisbecker-10/+65
This subsystem lacks many explanations on its purpose and design. Add these missing comments. v4: Document function parameter to be more kernel-doc friendly, as per Namhyung suggestion. Reported-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: Alessio Igor Bogani <abogani@kernel.org> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Geoff Levand <geoff@infradead.org> Cc: Gilad Ben Yossef <gilad@benyossef.com> Cc: Hakan Akkan <hakanakkan@gmail.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: Li Zhong <zhong@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung.kim@lge.com> Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2013-01-26context_tracking: Export context state for generic vtimeFrederic Weisbecker-15/+1
Export the context state: whether we run in user / kernel from the context tracking subsystem point of view. This is going to be used by the generic virtual cputime accounting subsystem that is needed to implement the full dynticks. Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: Li Zhong <zhong@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung.kim@lge.com> Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
2012-11-30context_tracking: New context tracking susbsystemFrederic Weisbecker-0/+83
Create a new subsystem that probes on kernel boundaries to keep track of the transitions between level contexts with two basic initial contexts: user or kernel. This is an abstraction of some RCU code that use such tracking to implement its userspace extended quiescent state. We need to pull this up from RCU into this new level of indirection because this tracking is also going to be used to implement an "on demand" generic virtual cputime accounting. A necessary step to shutdown the tick while still accounting the cputime. Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Li Zhong <zhong@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Gilad Ben-Yossef <gilad@benyossef.com> Reviewed-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> [ paulmck: fix whitespace error and email address. ] Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>