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2016-04-23taskstats: use the libnl API to align nlattr on 64-bitNicolas Dichtel-32/+5
Goal of this patch is to use the new libnl API to align netlink attribute when needed. The layout of the netlink message will be a bit different after the patch, because the padattr (TASKSTATS_TYPE_STATS) will be inside the nested attribute instead of before it. Signed-off-by: Nicolas Dichtel <nicolas.dichtel@6wind.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-01-18netlink: make nlmsg_end() and genlmsg_end() voidJohannes Berg-11/+2
Contrary to common expectations for an "int" return, these functions return only a positive value -- if used correctly they cannot even return 0 because the message header will necessarily be in the skb. This makes the very common pattern of if (genlmsg_end(...) < 0) { ... } be a whole bunch of dead code. Many places also simply do return nlmsg_end(...); and the caller is expected to deal with it. This also commonly (at least for me) causes errors, because it is very common to write if (my_function(...)) /* error condition */ and if my_function() does "return nlmsg_end()" this is of course wrong. Additionally, there's not a single place in the kernel that actually needs the message length returned, and if anyone needs it later then it'll be very easy to just use skb->len there. Remove this, and make the functions void. This removes a bunch of dead code as described above. The patch adds lines because I did - return nlmsg_end(...); + nlmsg_end(...); + return 0; I could have preserved all the function's return values by returning skb->len, but instead I've audited all the places calling the affected functions and found that none cared. A few places actually compared the return value with <= 0 in dump functionality, but that could just be changed to < 0 with no change in behaviour, so I opted for the more efficient version. One instance of the error I've made numerous times now is also present in net/phonet/pn_netlink.c in the route_dumpit() function - it didn't check for <0 or <=0 and thus broke out of the loop every single time. I've preserved this since it will (I think) have caused the messages to userspace to be formatted differently with just a single message for every SKB returned to userspace. It's possible that this isn't needed for the tools that actually use this, but I don't even know what they are so couldn't test that changing this behaviour would be acceptable. Signed-off-by: Johannes Berg <johannes.berg@intel.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-11-19kill f_dentry usesAl Viro-1/+1
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2014-08-26scheduler: Replace __get_cpu_var with this_cpu_ptrChristoph Lameter-1/+1
Convert all uses of __get_cpu_var for address calculation to use this_cpu_ptr instead. [Uses of __get_cpu_var with cpumask_var_t are no longer handled by this patch] Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
2013-11-19genetlink: only pass array to genl_register_family_with_ops()Johannes Berg-2/+1
As suggested by David Miller, make genl_register_family_with_ops() a macro and pass only the array, evaluating ARRAY_SIZE() in the macro, this is a little safer. The openvswitch has some indirection, assing ops/n_ops directly in that code. This might ultimately just assign the pointers in the family initializations, saving the struct genl_family_and_ops and code (once mcast groups are handled differently.) Signed-off-by: Johannes Berg <johannes.berg@intel.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2013-11-14genetlink: make all genl_ops users constJohannes Berg-1/+1
Now that genl_ops are no longer modified in place when registering, they can be made const. This patch was done mostly with spatch: @@ identifier ops; @@ +const struct genl_ops ops[] = { ... }; (except the struct thing in net/openvswitch/datapath.c) Signed-off-by: Johannes Berg <johannes.berg@intel.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2013-11-14taskstats: use genl_register_family_with_ops()Johannes Berg-25/+14
This simplifies the code since there's no longer a need to have error handling in the registration. Signed-off-by: Johannes Berg <johannes.berg@intel.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2013-11-13kernel/taskstats.c: return -ENOMEM when alloc memory fails in add_del_listener()Chen Gang-3/+5
For registering in add_del_listener(), when kmalloc_node() fails, need return -ENOMEM instead of success code, and cmd_attr_register_cpumask() wants to know about it. After modification, give a simple common test "build -> boot up -> kernel/controllers/cgroup/getdelays by LTP tools". Signed-off-by: Chen Gang <gang.chen@asianux.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-11-13kernel/taskstats.c: add nla_nest_cancel() for failure processing between ↵Chen Gang-2/+6
nla_nest_start() and nla_nest_end() When failure occurs between nla_nest_start() and nla_nest_end(), we should call nla_nest_cancel() to clean up related things. Signed-off-by: Chen Gang <gang.chen@asianux.com> Cc: Balbir Singh <bsingharora@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-06taskstats: cgroupstats_user_cmd() may leak on errorJesper Juhl-0/+1
If prepare_reply() succeeds we have allocated memory for 'rep_skb'. If nla_reserve() then subsequently fails and returns NULL we fail to release the memory we allocated, thus causing a leak. Signed-off-by: Jesper Juhl <jj@chaosbits.net> Cc: Balbir Singh <bsingharora@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-02Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds-6/+5
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs Pull vfs update from Al Viro: - big one - consolidation of descriptor-related logics; almost all of that is moved to fs/file.c (BTW, I'm seriously tempted to rename the result to fd.c. As it is, we have a situation when file_table.c is about handling of struct file and file.c is about handling of descriptor tables; the reasons are historical - file_table.c used to be about a static array of struct file we used to have way back). A lot of stray ends got cleaned up and converted to saner primitives, disgusting mess in android/binder.c is still disgusting, but at least doesn't poke so much in descriptor table guts anymore. A bunch of relatively minor races got fixed in process, plus an ext4 struct file leak. - related thing - fget_light() partially unuglified; see fdget() in there (and yes, it generates the code as good as we used to have). - also related - bits of Cyrill's procfs stuff that got entangled into that work; _not_ all of it, just the initial move to fs/proc/fd.c and switch of fdinfo to seq_file. - Alex's fs/coredump.c spiltoff - the same story, had been easier to take that commit than mess with conflicts. The rest is a separate pile, this was just a mechanical code movement. - a few misc patches all over the place. Not all for this cycle, there'll be more (and quite a few currently sit in akpm's tree)." Fix up trivial conflicts in the android binder driver, and some fairly simple conflicts due to two different changes to the sock_alloc_file() interface ("take descriptor handling from sock_alloc_file() to callers" vs "net: Providing protocol type via system.sockprotoname xattr of /proc/PID/fd entries" adding a dentry name to the socket) * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs: (72 commits) MAX_LFS_FILESIZE should be a loff_t compat: fs: Generic compat_sys_sendfile implementation fs: push rcu_barrier() from deactivate_locked_super() to filesystems btrfs: reada_extent doesn't need kref for refcount coredump: move core dump functionality into its own file coredump: prevent double-free on an error path in core dumper usb/gadget: fix misannotations fcntl: fix misannotations ceph: don't abuse d_delete() on failure exits hypfs: ->d_parent is never NULL or negative vfs: delete surplus inode NULL check switch simple cases of fget_light to fdget new helpers: fdget()/fdput() switch o2hb_region_dev_write() to fget_light() proc_map_files_readdir(): don't bother with grabbing files make get_file() return its argument vhost_set_vring(): turn pollstart/pollstop into bool switch prctl_set_mm_exe_file() to fget_light() switch xfs_find_handle() to fget_light() switch xfs_swapext() to fget_light() ...
2012-10-02Merge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/davem/net-nextLinus Torvalds-2/+2
Pull networking changes from David Miller: 1) GRE now works over ipv6, from Dmitry Kozlov. 2) Make SCTP more network namespace aware, from Eric Biederman. 3) TEAM driver now works with non-ethernet devices, from Jiri Pirko. 4) Make openvswitch network namespace aware, from Pravin B Shelar. 5) IPV6 NAT implementation, from Patrick McHardy. 6) Server side support for TCP Fast Open, from Jerry Chu and others. 7) Packet BPF filter supports MOD and XOR, from Eric Dumazet and Daniel Borkmann. 8) Increate the loopback default MTU to 64K, from Eric Dumazet. 9) Use a per-task rather than per-socket page fragment allocator for outgoing networking traffic. This benefits processes that have very many mostly idle sockets, which is quite common. From Eric Dumazet. 10) Use up to 32K for page fragment allocations, with fallbacks to smaller sizes when higher order page allocations fail. Benefits are a) less segments for driver to process b) less calls to page allocator c) less waste of space. From Eric Dumazet. 11) Allow GRO to be used on GRE tunnels, from Eric Dumazet. 12) VXLAN device driver, one way to handle VLAN issues such as the limitation of 4096 VLAN IDs yet still have some level of isolation. From Stephen Hemminger. 13) As usual there is a large boatload of driver changes, with the scale perhaps tilted towards the wireless side this time around. Fix up various fairly trivial conflicts, mostly caused by the user namespace changes. * git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/davem/net-next: (1012 commits) hyperv: Add buffer for extended info after the RNDIS response message. hyperv: Report actual status in receive completion packet hyperv: Remove extra allocated space for recv_pkt_list elements hyperv: Fix page buffer handling in rndis_filter_send_request() hyperv: Fix the missing return value in rndis_filter_set_packet_filter() hyperv: Fix the max_xfer_size in RNDIS initialization vxlan: put UDP socket in correct namespace vxlan: Depend on CONFIG_INET sfc: Fix the reported priorities of different filter types sfc: Remove EFX_FILTER_FLAG_RX_OVERRIDE_IP sfc: Fix loopback self-test with separate_tx_channels=1 sfc: Fix MCDI structure field lookup sfc: Add parentheses around use of bitfield macro arguments sfc: Fix null function pointer in efx_sriov_channel_type vxlan: virtual extensible lan igmp: export symbol ip_mc_leave_group netlink: add attributes to fdb interface tg3: unconditionally select HWMON support when tg3 is enabled. Revert "net: ti cpsw ethernet: allow reading phy interface mode from DT" gre: fix sparse warning ...
2012-09-26switch simple cases of fget_light to fdgetAl Viro-6/+5
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2012-09-18userns: Convert taskstats to handle the user and pid namespaces.Eric W. Biederman-6/+17
- Explicitly limit exit task stat broadcast to the initial user and pid namespaces, as it is already limited to the initial network namespace. - For broadcast task stats explicitly generate all of the idenitiers in terms of the initial user namespace and the initial pid namespace. - For request stats report them in terms of the current user namespace and the current pid namespace. Netlink messages are delivered syncrhonously to the kernel allowing us to get the user namespace and the pid namespace from the current task. - Pass the namespaces for representing pids and uids and gids into bacct_add_task. Cc: Balbir Singh <bsingharora@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2012-09-10netlink: Rename pid to portid to avoid confusionEric W. Biederman-2/+2
It is a frequent mistake to confuse the netlink port identifier with a process identifier. Try to reduce this confusion by renaming fields that hold port identifiers portid instead of pid. I have carefully avoided changing the structures exported to userspace to avoid changing the userspace API. I have successfully built an allyesconfig kernel with this change. Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Acked-by: Stephen Hemminger <shemminger@vyatta.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2012-07-30taskstats: check nla_reserve() returnAlan Cox-0/+5
Addresses https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=44621 Reported-by: <rucsoftsec@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Alan Cox <alan@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-09-19Make TASKSTATS require root accessLinus Torvalds-0/+1
Ok, this isn't optimal, since it means that 'iotop' needs admin capabilities, and we may have to work on this some more. But at the same time it is very much not acceptable to let anybody just read anybody elses IO statistics quite at this level. Use of the GENL_ADMIN_PERM suggested by Johannes Berg as an alternative to checking the capabilities by hand. Reported-by: Vasiliy Kulikov <segoon@openwall.com> Cc: Johannes Berg <johannes.berg@intel.com> Acked-by: Balbir Singh <bsingharora@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-08-03taskstats: add_del_listener() should ignore !valid listenersOleg Nesterov-1/+1
When send_cpu_listeners() finds the orphaned listener it marks it as !valid and drops listeners->sem. Before it takes this sem for writing, s->pid can be reused and add_del_listener() can wrongly try to re-use this entry. Change add_del_listener() to check ->valid = T. Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Vasiliy Kulikov <segoon@openwall.com> Acked-by: Balbir Singh <bsingharora@gmail.com> Cc: Jerome Marchand <jmarchan@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-08-03taskstats: add_del_listener() shouldn't use the wrong nodeOleg Nesterov-9/+7
1. Commit 26c4caea9d69 "don't allow duplicate entries in listener mode" changed add_del_listener(REGISTER) so that "next_cpu:" can reuse the listener allocated for the previous cpu, this doesn't look exactly right even if minor. Change the code to kfree() in the already-registered case, this case is unlikely anyway so the extra kmalloc_node() shouldn't hurt but looke more correct and clean. 2. use the plain list_for_each_entry() instead of _safe() to scan listeners->list. 3. Remove the unneeded INIT_LIST_HEAD(&s->list), we are going to list_add(&s->list). Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Vasiliy Kulikov <segoon@openwall.com> Cc: Balbir Singh <bsingharora@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Jerome Marchand <jmarchan@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-07-26atomic: use <linux/atomic.h>Arun Sharma-1/+1
This allows us to move duplicated code in <asm/atomic.h> (atomic_inc_not_zero() for now) to <linux/atomic.h> Signed-off-by: Arun Sharma <asharma@fb.com> Reviewed-by: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com> Acked-by: Mike Frysinger <vapier@gentoo.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-06-27taskstats: don't allow duplicate entries in listener modeVasiliy Kulikov-3/+12
Currently a single process may register exit handlers unlimited times. It may lead to a bloated listeners chain and very slow process terminations. Eg after 10KK sent TASKSTATS_CMD_ATTR_REGISTER_CPUMASKs ~300 Mb of kernel memory is stolen for the handlers chain and "time id" shows 2-7 seconds instead of normal 0.003. It makes it possible to exhaust all kernel memory and to eat much of CPU time by triggerring numerous exits on a single CPU. The patch limits the number of times a single process may register itself on a single CPU to one. One little issue is kept unfixed - as taskstats_exit() is called before exit_files() in do_exit(), the orphaned listener entry (if it was not explicitly deregistered) is kept until the next someone's exit() and implicit deregistration in send_cpu_listeners(). So, if a process registered itself as a listener exits and the next spawned process gets the same pid, it would inherit taskstats attributes. Signed-off-by: Vasiliy Kulikov <segooon@gmail.com> Cc: Balbir Singh <bsingharora@gmail.com> Cc: <stable@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-03-23taskstats: use appropriate printk priority levelMandeep Singh Baines-1/+1
printk()s without a priority level default to KERN_WARNING. To reduce noise at KERN_WARNING, this patch set the priority level appriopriately for unleveled printks()s. This should be useful to folks that look at dmesg warnings closely. Signed-off-by: Mandeep Singh Baines <msb@chromium.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-01-13taskstats: use better ifdef for alignmentJeff Mahoney-1/+1
Commit 4be2c95d ("taskstats: pad taskstats netlink response for aligment issues on ia64") added a null field to align the taskstats structure but the discussion centered around ia64. The issue exists on other platforms with inefficient unaligned access and adding them piecemeal would be an unmaintainable mess. This patch uses Dave Miller's suggestion of using a combination of CONFIG_64BIT && !CONFIG_HAVE_EFFICIENT_UNALIGNED_ACCESS to determine whether alignment is needed. Note that this will cause breakage on those platforms with applications like iotop which had hard-coded offsets into the packet to access the taskstats structure. The message seen on systems without the alignment fixes looks like: kernel unaligned access to 0xe000023879dca9bc, ip=0xa000000100133d10 The addresses may vary but resolve to locations inside __delayacct_add_tsk. iotop makes what I'd call unreasonable assumptions about the contents of a netlink genetlink packet containing generic attributes. They're typed and have headers that specify value lengths, so the client can (should) identify and skip the ones the client doesn't understand. The kernel, as of version 2.6.36, presented a packet like so: +--------------------------------+ | genlmsghdr - 4 bytes | +--------------------------------+ | NLA header - 4 bytes | /* Aggregate header */ +-+------------------------------+ | | NLA header - 4 bytes | /* PID header */ | +------------------------------+ | | pid/tgid - 4 bytes | | +------------------------------+ | | NLA header - 4 bytes | /* stats header */ | + -----------------------------+ <- oops. aligned on 4 byte boundary | | struct taskstats - 328 bytes | +-+------------------------------+ The iotop code expects that the kernel will behave as it did then, assuming that the packet format is set in stone. The format is set in stone, but the packet offsets are not. There's nothing in the packet format that guarantees that the packet will be sent in exactly the same way. The attribute contents are set (or versioned) and the aggregate contents are set but they can be anywhere in the packet. The issue here isn't that an unaligned structure gets passed to userspace, it's that the NLA infrastructure has something of a weakness: The 4 byte attribute header may force the payload to be unaligned. The taskstats structure is created at an unaligned location and then 64-bit values are operated on inside the kernel, so the unaligned access warnings gets spewed everywhere. It's possible to use the unaligned access API to operate on the structure in the kernel but it seems like a wasted effort to work around userspace code that isn't following the packet format. Any new additions would also need the be worked around. It's a maintenance nightmare. The conclusion of the earlier discussion seemed to be "ok fine, if we have to break it, don't break it on arches that don't have the problem." Dave pointed out that the unaligned access problem doesn't only exist on ia64, but also on other 64-bit arches that don't have efficient unaligned access and it should be fixed there as well. The committed version of the patch and this addition keep with the conclusion of that discussion not to break it unnecessarily, which the pid padding and the packet padding fixes did do. x86_64 and powerpc don't suffer this problem so they shouldn't suffer the solution. Other 64-bit architectures do and will, though. Signed-off-by: Jeff Mahoney <jeffm@suse.com> Reported-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Dan Carpenter <error27@gmail.com> Cc: Balbir Singh <balbir@in.ibm.com> Cc: Florian Mickler <florian@mickler.org> Cc: Guillaume Chazarain <guichaz@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-01-07Merge branch 'for-2.6.38' of ↵Linus Torvalds-3/+2
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tj/percpu * 'for-2.6.38' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tj/percpu: (30 commits) gameport: use this_cpu_read instead of lookup x86: udelay: Use this_cpu_read to avoid address calculation x86: Use this_cpu_inc_return for nmi counter x86: Replace uses of current_cpu_data with this_cpu ops x86: Use this_cpu_ops to optimize code vmstat: User per cpu atomics to avoid interrupt disable / enable irq_work: Use per cpu atomics instead of regular atomics cpuops: Use cmpxchg for xchg to avoid lock semantics x86: this_cpu_cmpxchg and this_cpu_xchg operations percpu: Generic this_cpu_cmpxchg() and this_cpu_xchg support percpu,x86: relocate this_cpu_add_return() and friends connector: Use this_cpu operations xen: Use this_cpu_inc_return taskstats: Use this_cpu_ops random: Use this_cpu_inc_return fs: Use this_cpu_inc_return in buffer.c highmem: Use this_cpu_xx_return() operations vmstat: Use this_cpu_inc_return for vm statistics x86: Support for this_cpu_add, sub, dec, inc_return percpu: Generic support for this_cpu_add, sub, dec, inc_return ... Fixed up conflicts: in arch/x86/kernel/{apic/nmi.c, apic/x2apic_uv_x.c, process.c} as per Tejun.
2010-12-22taskstats: pad taskstats netlink response for aligment issues on ia64Jeff Mahoney-13/+44
The taskstats structure is internally aligned on 8 byte boundaries but the layout of the aggregrate reply, with two NLA headers and the pid (each 4 bytes), actually force the entire structure to be unaligned. This causes the kernel to issue unaligned access warnings on some architectures like ia64. Unfortunately, some software out there doesn't properly unroll the NLA packet and assumes that the start of the taskstats structure will always be 20 bytes from the start of the netlink payload. Aligning the start of the taskstats structure breaks this software, which we don't want. So, for now the alignment only happens on architectures that require it and those users will have to update to fixed versions of those packages. Space is reserved in the packet only when needed. This ifdef should be removed in several years e.g. 2012 once we can be confident that fixed versions are installed on most systems. We add the padding before the aggregate since the aggregate is already a defined type. Commit 85893120 ("delayacct: align to 8 byte boundary on 64-bit systems") previously addressed the alignment issues by padding out the pid field. This was supposed to be a compatible change but the circumstances described above mean that it wasn't. This patch backs out that change, since it was a hack, and introduces a new NULL attribute type to provide the padding. Padding the response with 4 bytes avoids allocating an aligned taskstats structure and copying it back. Since the structure weighs in at 328 bytes, it's too big to do it on the stack. Signed-off-by: Jeff Mahoney <jeffm@suse.com> Reported-by: Brian Rogers <brian@xyzw.org> Cc: Jeff Mahoney <jeffm@suse.com> Cc: Guillaume Chazarain <guichaz@gmail.com> Cc: Balbir Singh <balbir@in.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-12-17taskstats: Use this_cpu_opsChristoph Lameter-3/+2
Use this_cpu_inc_return in one place and avoid ugly __raw_get_cpu in another. V3->V4: - Fix off by one. V4-V4f: - Use &listener_array Cc: Michael Holzheu <holzheu@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Acked-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
2010-10-27taskstats: split fill_pid functionMichael Holzheu-29/+21
Separate the finding of a task_struct by pid or tgid from filling the taskstats data. This makes the code more readable. Signed-off-by: Michael Holzheu <holzheu@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Acked-by: Balbir Singh <balbir@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-10-27taskstats: separate taskstats commandsMichael Holzheu-40/+78
Move each taskstats command into a single function. This makes the code more readable and makes it easier to add new commands. Signed-off-by: Michael Holzheu <holzheu@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Acked-by: Balbir Singh <balbir@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-10-27delayacct: align to 8 byte boundary on 64-bit systemsJeff Mahoney-1/+7
prepare_reply() sets up an skb for the response. The payload contains: +--------------------------------+ | genlmsghdr - 4 bytes | +--------------------------------+ | NLA header - 4 bytes | /* Aggregate header */ +-+------------------------------+ | | NLA header - 4 bytes | /* PID header */ | +------------------------------+ | | pid/tgid - 4 bytes | | +------------------------------+ | | NLA header - 4 bytes | /* stats header */ | + -----------------------------+ <- oops. aligned on 4 byte boundary | | struct taskstats - 328 bytes | +-+------------------------------+ The start of the taskstats struct must be 8 byte aligned on IA64 (and other systems with 8 byte alignment rules for 64-bit types) or runtime alignment warnings will be issued. This patch pads the pid/tgid field out to sizeof(long), which forces the alignment of taskstats. The getdelays userspace code is ok with this since it assumes 32-bit pid/tgid and then honors that header's length field. An array is used to avoid exposing kernel memory contents to userspace in the response. Signed-off-by: Jeff Mahoney <jeffm@suse.com> Cc: Balbir Singh <balbir@in.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-03-30include cleanup: Update gfp.h and slab.h includes to prepare for breaking ↵Tejun Heo-0/+1
implicit slab.h inclusion from percpu.h percpu.h is included by sched.h and module.h and thus ends up being included when building most .c files. percpu.h includes slab.h which in turn includes gfp.h making everything defined by the two files universally available and complicating inclusion dependencies. percpu.h -> slab.h dependency is about to be removed. Prepare for this change by updating users of gfp and slab facilities include those headers directly instead of assuming availability. As this conversion needs to touch large number of source files, the following script is used as the basis of conversion. http://userweb.kernel.org/~tj/misc/slabh-sweep.py The script does the followings. * Scan files for gfp and slab usages and update includes such that only the necessary includes are there. ie. if only gfp is used, gfp.h, if slab is used, slab.h. * When the script inserts a new include, it looks at the include blocks and try to put the new include such that its order conforms to its surrounding. It's put in the include block which contains core kernel includes, in the same order that the rest are ordered - alphabetical, Christmas tree, rev-Xmas-tree or at the end if there doesn't seem to be any matching order. * If the script can't find a place to put a new include (mostly because the file doesn't have fitting include block), it prints out an error message indicating which .h file needs to be added to the file. The conversion was done in the following steps. 1. The initial automatic conversion of all .c files updated slightly over 4000 files, deleting around 700 includes and adding ~480 gfp.h and ~3000 slab.h inclusions. The script emitted errors for ~400 files. 2. Each error was manually checked. Some didn't need the inclusion, some needed manual addition while adding it to implementation .h or embedding .c file was more appropriate for others. This step added inclusions to around 150 files. 3. The script was run again and the output was compared to the edits from #2 to make sure no file was left behind. 4. Several build tests were done and a couple of problems were fixed. e.g. lib/decompress_*.c used malloc/free() wrappers around slab APIs requiring slab.h to be added manually. 5. The script was run on all .h files but without automatically editing them as sprinkling gfp.h and slab.h inclusions around .h files could easily lead to inclusion dependency hell. Most gfp.h inclusion directives were ignored as stuff from gfp.h was usually wildly available and often used in preprocessor macros. Each slab.h inclusion directive was examined and added manually as necessary. 6. percpu.h was updated not to include slab.h. 7. Build test were done on the following configurations and failures were fixed. CONFIG_GCOV_KERNEL was turned off for all tests (as my distributed build env didn't work with gcov compiles) and a few more options had to be turned off depending on archs to make things build (like ipr on powerpc/64 which failed due to missing writeq). * x86 and x86_64 UP and SMP allmodconfig and a custom test config. * powerpc and powerpc64 SMP allmodconfig * sparc and sparc64 SMP allmodconfig * ia64 SMP allmodconfig * s390 SMP allmodconfig * alpha SMP allmodconfig * um on x86_64 SMP allmodconfig 8. percpu.h modifications were reverted so that it could be applied as a separate patch and serve as bisection point. Given the fact that I had only a couple of failures from tests on step 6, I'm fairly confident about the coverage of this conversion patch. If there is a breakage, it's likely to be something in one of the arch headers which should be easily discoverable easily on most builds of the specific arch. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Guess-its-ok-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
2010-02-18const: struct nla_policyAlexey Dobriyan-4/+2
Make remaining netlink policies as const. Fixup coding style where needed. Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2009-07-12genetlink: make netns awareJohannes Berg-5/+5
This makes generic netlink network namespace aware. No generic netlink families except for the controller family are made namespace aware, they need to be checked one by one and then set the family->netnsok member to true. A new function genlmsg_multicast_netns() is introduced to allow sending a multicast message in a given namespace, for example when it applies to an object that lives in that namespace, a new function genlmsg_multicast_allns() to send a message to all network namespaces (for objects that do not have an associated netns). The function genlmsg_multicast() is changed to multicast the message in just init_net, which is currently correct for all generic netlink families since they only work in init_net right now. Some will later want to work in all net namespaces because they do not care about the netns at all -- those will have to be converted to use one of the new functions genlmsg_multicast_allns() or genlmsg_multicast_netns() whenever they are made netns aware in some way. After this patch families can easily decide whether or not they should be available in all net namespaces. Many genl families us it for objects not related to networking and should therefore be available in all namespaces, but that will have to be done on a per family basis. Note that this doesn't touch on the checkpoint/restart problem where network namespaces could be used, genl families and multicast groups are numbered globally and I see no easy way of changing that, especially since it must be possible to multicast to all network namespaces for those families that do not care about netns. Signed-off-by: Johannes Berg <johannes@sipsolutions.net> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2009-01-01cpumask: convert rest of files in kernel/Rusty Russell-15/+24
Impact: Reduce stack usage, use new cpumask API. Mainly changing cpumask_t to 'struct cpumask' and similar simple API conversion. Two conversions worth mentioning: 1) we use cpumask_any_but to avoid a temporary in kernel/softlockup.c, 2) Use cpumask_var_t in taskstats_user_cmd(). Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Signed-off-by: Mike Travis <travis@sgi.com> Cc: Balbir Singh <balbir@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
2008-12-13cpumask: change cpumask_scnprintf, cpumask_parse_user, cpulist_parse, and ↵Rusty Russell-1/+1
cpulist_scnprintf to take pointers. Impact: change calling convention of existing cpumask APIs Most cpumask functions started with cpus_: these have been replaced by cpumask_ ones which take struct cpumask pointers as expected. These four functions don't have good replacement names; fortunately they're rarely used, so we just change them over. Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Signed-off-by: Mike Travis <travis@sgi.com> Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: paulus@samba.org Cc: mingo@redhat.com Cc: tony.luck@intel.com Cc: ralf@linux-mips.org Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de> Cc: cl@linux-foundation.org Cc: srostedt@redhat.com
2008-07-25taskstats: remove initialization of static per-cpu variableVegard Nossum-1/+1
Cc: Shailabh Nagar <nagar@watson.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Vegard Nossum <vegard.nossum@gmail.com> Cc: Balbir Singh <balbir@in.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-05-23core: use performance variant for_each_cpu_mask_nrMike Travis-2/+2
Change references from for_each_cpu_mask to for_each_cpu_mask_nr where appropriate Reviewed-by: Paul Jackson <pj@sgi.com> Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Mike Travis <travis@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
2008-04-30Use find_task_by_vpid in taskstatsPavel Emelyanov-3/+3
The pid to lookup a task by is passed inside taskstats code via genetlink message. Since netlink packets are now processed in the context of the sending task, this is correct to lookup the task with find_task_by_vpid() here. Besides, I fix the call to fill_pid() from taskstats_exit(), since the tsk->pid is not required in fill_pid() in this case, and the pid field on task_struct is going to be deprecated as well. Signed-off-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@openvz.org> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Balbir Singh <balbir@in.ibm.com> Cc: Jay Lan <jlan@engr.sgi.com> Cc: Jonathan Lim <jlim@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-11-14kernel/taskstats.c: fix bogus nlmsg_free()Adrian Bunk-18/+18
We'd better not nlmsg_free on a pointer containing an undefined value (and without having anything allocated). Spotted by the Coverity checker. Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@kernel.org> Acked-by: Balbir Singh <balbir@linux.vnet.ibm> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-10-19Fix misspellings of "system", "controller", "interrupt" and "necessary".Robert P. J. Day-1/+1
Fix the various misspellings of "system", controller", "interrupt" and "[un]necessary". Signed-off-by: Robert P. J. Day <rpjday@mindspring.com> Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@kernel.org>
2007-10-19Add cgroupstatsBalbir Singh-0/+67
This patch is inspired by the discussion at http://lkml.org/lkml/2007/4/11/187 and implements per cgroup statistics as suggested by Andrew Morton in http://lkml.org/lkml/2007/4/11/263. The patch is on top of 2.6.21-mm1 with Paul's cgroups v9 patches (forward ported) This patch implements per cgroup statistics infrastructure and re-uses code from the taskstats interface. A new set of cgroup operations are registered with commands and attributes. It should be very easy to *extend* per cgroup statistics, by adding members to the cgroupstats structure. The current model for cgroupstats is a pull, a push model (to post statistics on interesting events), should be very easy to add. Currently user space requests for statistics by passing the cgroup file descriptor. Statistics about the state of all the tasks in the cgroup is returned to user space. TODO's/NOTE: This patch provides an infrastructure for implementing cgroup statistics. Based on the needs of each controller, we can incrementally add more statistics, event based support for notification of statistics, accumulation of taskstats into cgroup statistics in the future. Sample output # ./cgroupstats -C /cgroup/a sleeping 2, blocked 0, running 1, stopped 0, uninterruptible 0 # ./cgroupstats -C /cgroup/ sleeping 154, blocked 0, running 0, stopped 0, uninterruptible 0 If the approach looks good, I'll enhance and post the user space utility for the same Feedback, comments, test results are always welcome! [akpm@linux-foundation.org: build fix] Signed-off-by: Balbir Singh <balbir@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Paul Menage <menage@google.com> Cc: Jay Lan <jlan@engr.sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-10-17Clean up duplicate includes in kernel/Jesper Juhl-1/+0
This patch cleans up duplicate includes in kernel/ Signed-off-by: Jesper Juhl <jesper.juhl@gmail.com> Acked-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Satyam Sharma <ssatyam@cse.iitk.ac.in> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-16taskstats: add context-switch countersMaxim Uvarov-0/+4
Make available to the user the following task and process performance statistics: * Involuntary Context Switches (task_struct->nivcsw) * Voluntary Context Switches (task_struct->nvcsw) Statistics information is available from: 1. taskstats interface (Documentation/accounting/) 2. /proc/PID/status (task only). This data is useful for detecting hyperactivity patterns between processes. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: cleanup] Signed-off-by: Maxim Uvarov <muvarov@ru.mvista.com> Cc: Shailabh Nagar <nagar@watson.ibm.com> Cc: Balbir Singh <balbir@in.ibm.com> Cc: Jay Lan <jlan@engr.sgi.com> Cc: Jonathan Lim <jlim@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-05-07KMEM_CACHE(): simplify slab cache creationChristoph Lameter-3/+1
This patch provides a new macro KMEM_CACHE(<struct>, <flags>) to simplify slab creation. KMEM_CACHE creates a slab with the name of the struct, with the size of the struct and with the alignment of the struct. Additional slab flags may be specified if necessary. Example struct test_slab { int a,b,c; struct list_head; } __cacheline_aligned_in_smp; test_slab_cache = KMEM_CACHE(test_slab, SLAB_PANIC) will create a new slab named "test_slab" of the size sizeof(struct test_slab) and aligned to the alignment of test slab. If it fails then we panic. Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-04-25[NETLINK]: Introduce nlmsg_hdr() helperArnaldo Carvalho de Melo-2/+2
For the common "(struct nlmsghdr *)skb->data" sequence, so that we reduce the number of direct accesses to skb->data and for consistency with all the other cast skb member helpers. Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2006-12-07[PATCH] taskstats: cleanup reply assemblingOleg Nesterov-22/+16
Thomas Graf wrote: > > nla_nest_start() may return NULL, either rely on prepare_reply() to be > correct and BUG() on failure or do proper error handling for all > functions. nla_put() in taskstat.c can fail only if the 'size' argument of alloc_skb() was not right. This is a kernel bug, we should not hide it. So add 'BUG()' on error path and check for 'na == NULL'. > genlmsg_cancel() is only required in error paths for dumping > procedures. So we can remove 'genlmsg_cancel()' calls and 'void *reply' (saves 227 bytes). Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@tv-sign.ru> Cc: Thomas Graf <tgraf@suug.ch> Cc: Shailabh Nagar <nagar@watson.ibm.com> Cc: Balbir Singh <balbir@in.ibm.com> Cc: Jay Lan <jlan@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-12-07[PATCH] taskstats: use nla_reserve() for reply assemblingOleg Nesterov-42/+44
Currently taskstats_user_cmd()/taskstats_exit() do: 1) allocate stats 2) fill stats 3) make a temporary copy on stack (236 bytes) 4) copy that copy to skb 5) free stats With the help of nla_reserve() we can operate on skb->data directly, thus avoiding all these steps except 2). So, before this patch: // copy *stats to skb->data int mk_reply(skb, ..., struct taskstats *stats); fill_pid(stats); mk_reply(skb, ..., stats); After: // return a pointer to skb->data struct taskstats *mk_reply(skb, ...); stat = mk_reply(skb, ...); fill_pid(stats); Shrinks taskatsks.o by 162 bytes. A stupid benchmark (send one million TASKSTATS_CMD_ATTR_PID) shows the real user sys before: 4.02 0.06 3.96 4.02 0.04 3.98 4.02 0.04 3.97 after: 3.86 0.08 3.78 3.88 0.10 3.77 3.89 0.09 3.80 but this looks suspiciously good. Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@tv-sign.ru> Acked-by: Shailabh Nagar <nagar@watson.ibm.com> Cc: Balbir Singh <balbir@in.ibm.com> Cc: Jay Lan <jlan@sgi.com> Cc: Thomas Graf <tgraf@suug.ch> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-12-07[PATCH] taskstats: factor out reply assemblingOleg Nesterov-27/+28
Introduce mk_reply() helper which does all nla_put()s on reply. Saves 453 bytes and a preparation for the next patch. Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@tv-sign.ru> Acked-by: Shailabh Nagar <nagar@watson.ibm.com> Cc: Balbir Singh <balbir@in.ibm.com> Cc: Jay Lan <jlan@sgi.com> Cc: Thomas Graf <tgraf@suug.ch> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-12-07[PATCH] taskstats: cleanup ->signal->stats allocationOleg Nesterov-1/+25
Allocate ->signal->stats on demand in taskstats_exit(), this allows us to remove taskstats_tgid_alloc() (the last non-trivial inline) from taskstat's public interface. Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@tv-sign.ru> Cc: Balbir Singh <balbir@in.ibm.com> Cc: Shailabh Nagar <nagar@watson.ibm.com> Cc: Jay Lan <jlan@engr.sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-12-07[PATCH] taskstats: cleanup do_exit() pathOleg Nesterov-26/+15
do_exit: taskstats_exit_alloc() ... taskstats_exit_send() taskstats_exit_free() I think this is not good, let it be a single function exported to the core kernel, taskstats_exit(), which does alloc + send + free itself. Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@tv-sign.ru> Cc: Balbir Singh <balbir@in.ibm.com> Cc: Shailabh Nagar <nagar@watson.ibm.com> Cc: Jay Lan <jlan@engr.sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-12-07[PATCH] taskstats_exit_alloc: optimize/simplifyOleg Nesterov-13/+4
If there are no listeners, every task does unneeded kmem_cache alloc/free on exit. We don't need listeners->sem for 'if (!list_empty())' check. Yes, we may have a false positive, but this doesn't differ from the case when the listener is unregistered after we drop the semaphore. So we don't need to do allocation beforehand. Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@tv-sign.ru> Cc: Balbir Singh <balbir@in.ibm.com> Acked-by: Shailabh Nagar <nagar@watson.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>