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authorAlexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com>2014-09-26 00:17:00 -0700
committerDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>2014-09-26 15:05:14 -0400
commit09756af46893c18839062976c3252e93a1beeba7 (patch)
tree203642a5473496ecb6ff10cd22dba39b22ed5f0a
parentdb20fd2b01087bdfbe30bce314a198eefedcc42e (diff)
downloadlinux-sh-09756af46893c18839062976c3252e93a1beeba7.tar.gz
bpf: expand BPF syscall with program load/unload
eBPF programs are similar to kernel modules. They are loaded by the user process and automatically unloaded when process exits. Each eBPF program is a safe run-to-completion set of instructions. eBPF verifier statically determines that the program terminates and is safe to execute. The following syscall wrapper can be used to load the program: int bpf_prog_load(enum bpf_prog_type prog_type, const struct bpf_insn *insns, int insn_cnt, const char *license) { union bpf_attr attr = { .prog_type = prog_type, .insns = ptr_to_u64(insns), .insn_cnt = insn_cnt, .license = ptr_to_u64(license), }; return bpf(BPF_PROG_LOAD, &attr, sizeof(attr)); } where 'insns' is an array of eBPF instructions and 'license' is a string that must be GPL compatible to call helper functions marked gpl_only Upon succesful load the syscall returns prog_fd. Use close(prog_fd) to unload the program. User space tests and examples follow in the later patches Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
-rw-r--r--include/linux/bpf.h38
-rw-r--r--include/linux/filter.h8
-rw-r--r--include/uapi/linux/bpf.h26
-rw-r--r--kernel/bpf/core.c29
-rw-r--r--kernel/bpf/syscall.c165
5 files changed, 246 insertions, 20 deletions
diff --git a/include/linux/bpf.h b/include/linux/bpf.h
index 2887f3f9da59..92979182be81 100644
--- a/include/linux/bpf.h
+++ b/include/linux/bpf.h
@@ -46,4 +46,42 @@ void bpf_register_map_type(struct bpf_map_type_list *tl);
void bpf_map_put(struct bpf_map *map);
struct bpf_map *bpf_map_get(struct fd f);
+/* eBPF function prototype used by verifier to allow BPF_CALLs from eBPF programs
+ * to in-kernel helper functions and for adjusting imm32 field in BPF_CALL
+ * instructions after verifying
+ */
+struct bpf_func_proto {
+ u64 (*func)(u64 r1, u64 r2, u64 r3, u64 r4, u64 r5);
+ bool gpl_only;
+};
+
+struct bpf_verifier_ops {
+ /* return eBPF function prototype for verification */
+ const struct bpf_func_proto *(*get_func_proto)(enum bpf_func_id func_id);
+};
+
+struct bpf_prog_type_list {
+ struct list_head list_node;
+ struct bpf_verifier_ops *ops;
+ enum bpf_prog_type type;
+};
+
+void bpf_register_prog_type(struct bpf_prog_type_list *tl);
+
+struct bpf_prog;
+
+struct bpf_prog_aux {
+ atomic_t refcnt;
+ bool is_gpl_compatible;
+ enum bpf_prog_type prog_type;
+ struct bpf_verifier_ops *ops;
+ struct bpf_map **used_maps;
+ u32 used_map_cnt;
+ struct bpf_prog *prog;
+ struct work_struct work;
+};
+
+void bpf_prog_put(struct bpf_prog *prog);
+struct bpf_prog *bpf_prog_get(u32 ufd);
+
#endif /* _LINUX_BPF_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/filter.h b/include/linux/filter.h
index 1a0bc6d134d7..4ffc0958d85e 100644
--- a/include/linux/filter.h
+++ b/include/linux/filter.h
@@ -21,6 +21,7 @@
struct sk_buff;
struct sock;
struct seccomp_data;
+struct bpf_prog_aux;
/* ArgX, context and stack frame pointer register positions. Note,
* Arg1, Arg2, Arg3, etc are used as argument mappings of function
@@ -300,17 +301,12 @@ struct bpf_binary_header {
u8 image[];
};
-struct bpf_work_struct {
- struct bpf_prog *prog;
- struct work_struct work;
-};
-
struct bpf_prog {
u16 pages; /* Number of allocated pages */
bool jited; /* Is our filter JIT'ed? */
u32 len; /* Number of filter blocks */
struct sock_fprog_kern *orig_prog; /* Original BPF program */
- struct bpf_work_struct *work; /* Deferred free work struct */
+ struct bpf_prog_aux *aux; /* Auxiliary fields */
unsigned int (*bpf_func)(const struct sk_buff *skb,
const struct bpf_insn *filter);
/* Instructions for interpreter */
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h b/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
index 395cabd2ca0a..424f442016e7 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
@@ -99,12 +99,23 @@ enum bpf_cmd {
* returns zero and stores next key or negative error
*/
BPF_MAP_GET_NEXT_KEY,
+
+ /* verify and load eBPF program
+ * prog_fd = bpf(BPF_PROG_LOAD, union bpf_attr *attr, u32 size)
+ * Using attr->prog_type, attr->insns, attr->license
+ * returns fd or negative error
+ */
+ BPF_PROG_LOAD,
};
enum bpf_map_type {
BPF_MAP_TYPE_UNSPEC,
};
+enum bpf_prog_type {
+ BPF_PROG_TYPE_UNSPEC,
+};
+
union bpf_attr {
struct { /* anonymous struct used by BPF_MAP_CREATE command */
__u32 map_type; /* one of enum bpf_map_type */
@@ -121,6 +132,21 @@ union bpf_attr {
__aligned_u64 next_key;
};
};
+
+ struct { /* anonymous struct used by BPF_PROG_LOAD command */
+ __u32 prog_type; /* one of enum bpf_prog_type */
+ __u32 insn_cnt;
+ __aligned_u64 insns;
+ __aligned_u64 license;
+ };
} __attribute__((aligned(8)));
+/* integer value in 'imm' field of BPF_CALL instruction selects which helper
+ * function eBPF program intends to call
+ */
+enum bpf_func_id {
+ BPF_FUNC_unspec,
+ __BPF_FUNC_MAX_ID,
+};
+
#endif /* _UAPI__LINUX_BPF_H__ */
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/core.c b/kernel/bpf/core.c
index 8b7002488251..f0c30c59b317 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/core.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/core.c
@@ -27,6 +27,7 @@
#include <linux/random.h>
#include <linux/moduleloader.h>
#include <asm/unaligned.h>
+#include <linux/bpf.h>
/* Registers */
#define BPF_R0 regs[BPF_REG_0]
@@ -71,7 +72,7 @@ struct bpf_prog *bpf_prog_alloc(unsigned int size, gfp_t gfp_extra_flags)
{
gfp_t gfp_flags = GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_HIGHMEM | __GFP_ZERO |
gfp_extra_flags;
- struct bpf_work_struct *ws;
+ struct bpf_prog_aux *aux;
struct bpf_prog *fp;
size = round_up(size, PAGE_SIZE);
@@ -79,14 +80,14 @@ struct bpf_prog *bpf_prog_alloc(unsigned int size, gfp_t gfp_extra_flags)
if (fp == NULL)
return NULL;
- ws = kmalloc(sizeof(*ws), GFP_KERNEL | gfp_extra_flags);
- if (ws == NULL) {
+ aux = kzalloc(sizeof(*aux), GFP_KERNEL | gfp_extra_flags);
+ if (aux == NULL) {
vfree(fp);
return NULL;
}
fp->pages = size / PAGE_SIZE;
- fp->work = ws;
+ fp->aux = aux;
return fp;
}
@@ -110,10 +111,10 @@ struct bpf_prog *bpf_prog_realloc(struct bpf_prog *fp_old, unsigned int size,
memcpy(fp, fp_old, fp_old->pages * PAGE_SIZE);
fp->pages = size / PAGE_SIZE;
- /* We keep fp->work from fp_old around in the new
+ /* We keep fp->aux from fp_old around in the new
* reallocated structure.
*/
- fp_old->work = NULL;
+ fp_old->aux = NULL;
__bpf_prog_free(fp_old);
}
@@ -123,7 +124,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(bpf_prog_realloc);
void __bpf_prog_free(struct bpf_prog *fp)
{
- kfree(fp->work);
+ kfree(fp->aux);
vfree(fp);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__bpf_prog_free);
@@ -638,19 +639,19 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(bpf_prog_select_runtime);
static void bpf_prog_free_deferred(struct work_struct *work)
{
- struct bpf_work_struct *ws;
+ struct bpf_prog_aux *aux;
- ws = container_of(work, struct bpf_work_struct, work);
- bpf_jit_free(ws->prog);
+ aux = container_of(work, struct bpf_prog_aux, work);
+ bpf_jit_free(aux->prog);
}
/* Free internal BPF program */
void bpf_prog_free(struct bpf_prog *fp)
{
- struct bpf_work_struct *ws = fp->work;
+ struct bpf_prog_aux *aux = fp->aux;
- INIT_WORK(&ws->work, bpf_prog_free_deferred);
- ws->prog = fp;
- schedule_work(&ws->work);
+ INIT_WORK(&aux->work, bpf_prog_free_deferred);
+ aux->prog = fp;
+ schedule_work(&aux->work);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(bpf_prog_free);
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/syscall.c b/kernel/bpf/syscall.c
index f94349ecaf61..0afb4eaa1887 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/syscall.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/syscall.c
@@ -14,6 +14,8 @@
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/anon_inodes.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
+#include <linux/license.h>
+#include <linux/filter.h>
static LIST_HEAD(bpf_map_types);
@@ -334,6 +336,166 @@ err_put:
return err;
}
+static LIST_HEAD(bpf_prog_types);
+
+static int find_prog_type(enum bpf_prog_type type, struct bpf_prog *prog)
+{
+ struct bpf_prog_type_list *tl;
+
+ list_for_each_entry(tl, &bpf_prog_types, list_node) {
+ if (tl->type == type) {
+ prog->aux->ops = tl->ops;
+ prog->aux->prog_type = type;
+ return 0;
+ }
+ }
+ return -EINVAL;
+}
+
+void bpf_register_prog_type(struct bpf_prog_type_list *tl)
+{
+ list_add(&tl->list_node, &bpf_prog_types);
+}
+
+/* drop refcnt on maps used by eBPF program and free auxilary data */
+static void free_used_maps(struct bpf_prog_aux *aux)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < aux->used_map_cnt; i++)
+ bpf_map_put(aux->used_maps[i]);
+
+ kfree(aux->used_maps);
+}
+
+void bpf_prog_put(struct bpf_prog *prog)
+{
+ if (atomic_dec_and_test(&prog->aux->refcnt)) {
+ free_used_maps(prog->aux);
+ bpf_prog_free(prog);
+ }
+}
+
+static int bpf_prog_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
+{
+ struct bpf_prog *prog = filp->private_data;
+
+ bpf_prog_put(prog);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct file_operations bpf_prog_fops = {
+ .release = bpf_prog_release,
+};
+
+static struct bpf_prog *get_prog(struct fd f)
+{
+ struct bpf_prog *prog;
+
+ if (!f.file)
+ return ERR_PTR(-EBADF);
+
+ if (f.file->f_op != &bpf_prog_fops) {
+ fdput(f);
+ return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+ }
+
+ prog = f.file->private_data;
+
+ return prog;
+}
+
+/* called by sockets/tracing/seccomp before attaching program to an event
+ * pairs with bpf_prog_put()
+ */
+struct bpf_prog *bpf_prog_get(u32 ufd)
+{
+ struct fd f = fdget(ufd);
+ struct bpf_prog *prog;
+
+ prog = get_prog(f);
+
+ if (IS_ERR(prog))
+ return prog;
+
+ atomic_inc(&prog->aux->refcnt);
+ fdput(f);
+ return prog;
+}
+
+/* last field in 'union bpf_attr' used by this command */
+#define BPF_PROG_LOAD_LAST_FIELD license
+
+static int bpf_prog_load(union bpf_attr *attr)
+{
+ enum bpf_prog_type type = attr->prog_type;
+ struct bpf_prog *prog;
+ int err;
+ char license[128];
+ bool is_gpl;
+
+ if (CHECK_ATTR(BPF_PROG_LOAD))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /* copy eBPF program license from user space */
+ if (strncpy_from_user(license, u64_to_ptr(attr->license),
+ sizeof(license) - 1) < 0)
+ return -EFAULT;
+ license[sizeof(license) - 1] = 0;
+
+ /* eBPF programs must be GPL compatible to use GPL-ed functions */
+ is_gpl = license_is_gpl_compatible(license);
+
+ if (attr->insn_cnt >= BPF_MAXINSNS)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /* plain bpf_prog allocation */
+ prog = bpf_prog_alloc(bpf_prog_size(attr->insn_cnt), GFP_USER);
+ if (!prog)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ prog->len = attr->insn_cnt;
+
+ err = -EFAULT;
+ if (copy_from_user(prog->insns, u64_to_ptr(attr->insns),
+ prog->len * sizeof(struct bpf_insn)) != 0)
+ goto free_prog;
+
+ prog->orig_prog = NULL;
+ prog->jited = false;
+
+ atomic_set(&prog->aux->refcnt, 1);
+ prog->aux->is_gpl_compatible = is_gpl;
+
+ /* find program type: socket_filter vs tracing_filter */
+ err = find_prog_type(type, prog);
+ if (err < 0)
+ goto free_prog;
+
+ /* run eBPF verifier */
+ /* err = bpf_check(prog, tb); */
+
+ if (err < 0)
+ goto free_used_maps;
+
+ /* eBPF program is ready to be JITed */
+ bpf_prog_select_runtime(prog);
+
+ err = anon_inode_getfd("bpf-prog", &bpf_prog_fops, prog, O_RDWR | O_CLOEXEC);
+
+ if (err < 0)
+ /* failed to allocate fd */
+ goto free_used_maps;
+
+ return err;
+
+free_used_maps:
+ free_used_maps(prog->aux);
+free_prog:
+ bpf_prog_free(prog);
+ return err;
+}
+
SYSCALL_DEFINE3(bpf, int, cmd, union bpf_attr __user *, uattr, unsigned int, size)
{
union bpf_attr attr = {};
@@ -395,6 +557,9 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE3(bpf, int, cmd, union bpf_attr __user *, uattr, unsigned int, siz
case BPF_MAP_GET_NEXT_KEY:
err = map_get_next_key(&attr);
break;
+ case BPF_PROG_LOAD:
+ err = bpf_prog_load(&attr);
+ break;
default:
err = -EINVAL;
break;