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authorTejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>2017-06-23 15:08:52 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2017-06-23 16:15:55 -0700
commit3b7b314053d021601940c50b07f5f1423ae67e21 (patch)
treea652f4da54d6e2b8916947969737bb04fbcb37a0
parenta91e0f680bcd9e10c253ae8b62462a38bd48f09f (diff)
downloadlinux-sh-3b7b314053d021601940c50b07f5f1423ae67e21.tar.gz
slub: make sysfs file removal asynchronous
Commit bf5eb3de3847 ("slub: separate out sysfs_slab_release() from sysfs_slab_remove()") made slub sysfs file removals synchronous to kmem_cache shutdown. Unfortunately, this created a possible ABBA deadlock between slab_mutex and sysfs draining mechanism triggering the following lockdep warning. ====================================================== [ INFO: possible circular locking dependency detected ] 4.10.0-test+ #48 Not tainted ------------------------------------------------------- rmmod/1211 is trying to acquire lock: (s_active#120){++++.+}, at: [<ffffffff81308073>] kernfs_remove+0x23/0x40 but task is already holding lock: (slab_mutex){+.+.+.}, at: [<ffffffff8120f691>] kmem_cache_destroy+0x41/0x2d0 which lock already depends on the new lock. the existing dependency chain (in reverse order) is: -> #1 (slab_mutex){+.+.+.}: lock_acquire+0xf6/0x1f0 __mutex_lock+0x75/0x950 mutex_lock_nested+0x1b/0x20 slab_attr_store+0x75/0xd0 sysfs_kf_write+0x45/0x60 kernfs_fop_write+0x13c/0x1c0 __vfs_write+0x28/0x120 vfs_write+0xc8/0x1e0 SyS_write+0x49/0xa0 entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x1f/0xc2 -> #0 (s_active#120){++++.+}: __lock_acquire+0x10ed/0x1260 lock_acquire+0xf6/0x1f0 __kernfs_remove+0x254/0x320 kernfs_remove+0x23/0x40 sysfs_remove_dir+0x51/0x80 kobject_del+0x18/0x50 __kmem_cache_shutdown+0x3e6/0x460 kmem_cache_destroy+0x1fb/0x2d0 kvm_exit+0x2d/0x80 [kvm] vmx_exit+0x19/0xa1b [kvm_intel] SyS_delete_module+0x198/0x1f0 entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x1f/0xc2 other info that might help us debug this: Possible unsafe locking scenario: CPU0 CPU1 ---- ---- lock(slab_mutex); lock(s_active#120); lock(slab_mutex); lock(s_active#120); *** DEADLOCK *** 2 locks held by rmmod/1211: #0: (cpu_hotplug.dep_map){++++++}, at: [<ffffffff810a7877>] get_online_cpus+0x37/0x80 #1: (slab_mutex){+.+.+.}, at: [<ffffffff8120f691>] kmem_cache_destroy+0x41/0x2d0 stack backtrace: CPU: 3 PID: 1211 Comm: rmmod Not tainted 4.10.0-test+ #48 Hardware name: Hewlett-Packard HP Compaq Pro 6300 SFF/339A, BIOS K01 v02.05 05/07/2012 Call Trace: print_circular_bug+0x1be/0x210 __lock_acquire+0x10ed/0x1260 lock_acquire+0xf6/0x1f0 __kernfs_remove+0x254/0x320 kernfs_remove+0x23/0x40 sysfs_remove_dir+0x51/0x80 kobject_del+0x18/0x50 __kmem_cache_shutdown+0x3e6/0x460 kmem_cache_destroy+0x1fb/0x2d0 kvm_exit+0x2d/0x80 [kvm] vmx_exit+0x19/0xa1b [kvm_intel] SyS_delete_module+0x198/0x1f0 ? SyS_delete_module+0x5/0x1f0 entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x1f/0xc2 It'd be the cleanest to deal with the issue by removing sysfs files without holding slab_mutex before the rest of shutdown; however, given the current code structure, it is pretty difficult to do so. This patch punts sysfs file removal to a work item. Before commit bf5eb3de3847, the removal was punted to a RCU delayed work item which is executed after release. Now, we're punting to a different work item on shutdown which still maintains the goal removing the sysfs files earlier when destroying kmem_caches. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170620204512.GI21326@htj.duckdns.org Fixes: bf5eb3de3847 ("slub: separate out sysfs_slab_release() from sysfs_slab_remove()") Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Reported-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org> Tested-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
-rw-r--r--include/linux/slub_def.h1
-rw-r--r--mm/slub.c40
2 files changed, 27 insertions, 14 deletions
diff --git a/include/linux/slub_def.h b/include/linux/slub_def.h
index 07ef550c6627..93315d6b21a8 100644
--- a/include/linux/slub_def.h
+++ b/include/linux/slub_def.h
@@ -84,6 +84,7 @@ struct kmem_cache {
int red_left_pad; /* Left redzone padding size */
#ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS
struct kobject kobj; /* For sysfs */
+ struct work_struct kobj_remove_work;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG
struct memcg_cache_params memcg_params;
diff --git a/mm/slub.c b/mm/slub.c
index 7449593fca72..8addc535bcdc 100644
--- a/mm/slub.c
+++ b/mm/slub.c
@@ -5625,6 +5625,28 @@ static char *create_unique_id(struct kmem_cache *s)
return name;
}
+static void sysfs_slab_remove_workfn(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+ struct kmem_cache *s =
+ container_of(work, struct kmem_cache, kobj_remove_work);
+
+ if (!s->kobj.state_in_sysfs)
+ /*
+ * For a memcg cache, this may be called during
+ * deactivation and again on shutdown. Remove only once.
+ * A cache is never shut down before deactivation is
+ * complete, so no need to worry about synchronization.
+ */
+ return;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG
+ kset_unregister(s->memcg_kset);
+#endif
+ kobject_uevent(&s->kobj, KOBJ_REMOVE);
+ kobject_del(&s->kobj);
+ kobject_put(&s->kobj);
+}
+
static int sysfs_slab_add(struct kmem_cache *s)
{
int err;
@@ -5632,6 +5654,8 @@ static int sysfs_slab_add(struct kmem_cache *s)
struct kset *kset = cache_kset(s);
int unmergeable = slab_unmergeable(s);
+ INIT_WORK(&s->kobj_remove_work, sysfs_slab_remove_workfn);
+
if (!kset) {
kobject_init(&s->kobj, &slab_ktype);
return 0;
@@ -5695,20 +5719,8 @@ static void sysfs_slab_remove(struct kmem_cache *s)
*/
return;
- if (!s->kobj.state_in_sysfs)
- /*
- * For a memcg cache, this may be called during
- * deactivation and again on shutdown. Remove only once.
- * A cache is never shut down before deactivation is
- * complete, so no need to worry about synchronization.
- */
- return;
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG
- kset_unregister(s->memcg_kset);
-#endif
- kobject_uevent(&s->kobj, KOBJ_REMOVE);
- kobject_del(&s->kobj);
+ kobject_get(&s->kobj);
+ schedule_work(&s->kobj_remove_work);
}
void sysfs_slab_release(struct kmem_cache *s)