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authorJason A. Donenfeld <Jason@zx2c4.com>2017-06-07 19:45:31 -0400
committerTheodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>2017-06-07 19:45:37 -0400
commitb169c13de473a85b3c859bb36216a4cb5f00a54a (patch)
tree4e6078fbf5f50be9fb113087f4affa3d19f1a25a
parent92e75428ffc90e2a0321062379f883f3671cfebe (diff)
downloadlinux-sh-b169c13de473a85b3c859bb36216a4cb5f00a54a.tar.gz
random: invalidate batched entropy after crng init
It's possible that get_random_{u32,u64} is used before the crng has initialized, in which case, its output might not be cryptographically secure. For this problem, directly, this patch set is introducing the *_wait variety of functions, but even with that, there's a subtle issue: what happens to our batched entropy that was generated before initialization. Prior to this commit, it'd stick around, supplying bad numbers. After this commit, we force the entropy to be re-extracted after each phase of the crng has initialized. In order to avoid a race condition with the position counter, we introduce a simple rwlock for this invalidation. Since it's only during this awkward transition period, after things are all set up, we stop using it, so that it doesn't have an impact on performance. Signed-off-by: Jason A. Donenfeld <Jason@zx2c4.com> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Signed-off-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu> Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org # v4.11+
-rw-r--r--drivers/char/random.c37
1 files changed, 37 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/drivers/char/random.c b/drivers/char/random.c
index 473ad34378f2..e870f329db88 100644
--- a/drivers/char/random.c
+++ b/drivers/char/random.c
@@ -1,6 +1,9 @@
/*
* random.c -- A strong random number generator
*
+ * Copyright (C) 2017 Jason A. Donenfeld <Jason@zx2c4.com>. All
+ * Rights Reserved.
+ *
* Copyright Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com>, 2003, 2004, 2005
*
* Copyright Theodore Ts'o, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999. All
@@ -762,6 +765,8 @@ static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(crng_init_wait);
static struct crng_state **crng_node_pool __read_mostly;
#endif
+static void invalidate_batched_entropy(void);
+
static void crng_initialize(struct crng_state *crng)
{
int i;
@@ -799,6 +804,7 @@ static int crng_fast_load(const char *cp, size_t len)
cp++; crng_init_cnt++; len--;
}
if (crng_init_cnt >= CRNG_INIT_CNT_THRESH) {
+ invalidate_batched_entropy();
crng_init = 1;
wake_up_interruptible(&crng_init_wait);
pr_notice("random: fast init done\n");
@@ -836,6 +842,7 @@ static void crng_reseed(struct crng_state *crng, struct entropy_store *r)
memzero_explicit(&buf, sizeof(buf));
crng->init_time = jiffies;
if (crng == &primary_crng && crng_init < 2) {
+ invalidate_batched_entropy();
crng_init = 2;
process_random_ready_list();
wake_up_interruptible(&crng_init_wait);
@@ -2023,6 +2030,7 @@ struct batched_entropy {
};
unsigned int position;
};
+static rwlock_t batched_entropy_reset_lock = __RW_LOCK_UNLOCKED(batched_entropy_reset_lock);
/*
* Get a random word for internal kernel use only. The quality of the random
@@ -2033,6 +2041,8 @@ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct batched_entropy, batched_entropy_u64);
u64 get_random_u64(void)
{
u64 ret;
+ bool use_lock = crng_init < 2;
+ unsigned long flags;
struct batched_entropy *batch;
#if BITS_PER_LONG == 64
@@ -2045,11 +2055,15 @@ u64 get_random_u64(void)
#endif
batch = &get_cpu_var(batched_entropy_u64);
+ if (use_lock)
+ read_lock_irqsave(&batched_entropy_reset_lock, flags);
if (batch->position % ARRAY_SIZE(batch->entropy_u64) == 0) {
extract_crng((u8 *)batch->entropy_u64);
batch->position = 0;
}
ret = batch->entropy_u64[batch->position++];
+ if (use_lock)
+ read_unlock_irqrestore(&batched_entropy_reset_lock, flags);
put_cpu_var(batched_entropy_u64);
return ret;
}
@@ -2059,22 +2073,45 @@ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct batched_entropy, batched_entropy_u32);
u32 get_random_u32(void)
{
u32 ret;
+ bool use_lock = crng_init < 2;
+ unsigned long flags;
struct batched_entropy *batch;
if (arch_get_random_int(&ret))
return ret;
batch = &get_cpu_var(batched_entropy_u32);
+ if (use_lock)
+ read_lock_irqsave(&batched_entropy_reset_lock, flags);
if (batch->position % ARRAY_SIZE(batch->entropy_u32) == 0) {
extract_crng((u8 *)batch->entropy_u32);
batch->position = 0;
}
ret = batch->entropy_u32[batch->position++];
+ if (use_lock)
+ read_unlock_irqrestore(&batched_entropy_reset_lock, flags);
put_cpu_var(batched_entropy_u32);
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_random_u32);
+/* It's important to invalidate all potential batched entropy that might
+ * be stored before the crng is initialized, which we can do lazily by
+ * simply resetting the counter to zero so that it's re-extracted on the
+ * next usage. */
+static void invalidate_batched_entropy(void)
+{
+ int cpu;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ write_lock_irqsave(&batched_entropy_reset_lock, flags);
+ for_each_possible_cpu (cpu) {
+ per_cpu_ptr(&batched_entropy_u32, cpu)->position = 0;
+ per_cpu_ptr(&batched_entropy_u64, cpu)->position = 0;
+ }
+ write_unlock_irqrestore(&batched_entropy_reset_lock, flags);
+}
+
/**
* randomize_page - Generate a random, page aligned address
* @start: The smallest acceptable address the caller will take.