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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2021-09-12 12:42:51 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2021-09-12 12:42:51 -0700
commitf306b90c69ce3994bb8046b54374a90a27f66be6 (patch)
tree2ae319bc550adc7f9bfc8aa15406a98daf78b4a4
parentd8e988b62f948d47dd86ec655c89d54053df1754 (diff)
parentc9871c800f65fffed40f3df3e1eb38984f95cfcf (diff)
downloadlinux-sh-f306b90c69ce3994bb8046b54374a90a27f66be6.tar.gz
Merge tag 'smp-urgent-2021-09-12' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip
Pull CPU hotplug updates from Thomas Gleixner: "Updates for the SMP and CPU hotplug: - Remove DEFINE_SMP_CALL_CACHE_FUNCTION() which is a left over of the original hotplug code and now causing trouble with the ARM64 cache topology setup due to the pointless SMP function call. It's not longer required as the hotplug callbacks are guaranteed to be invoked on the upcoming CPU. - Remove the deprecated and now unused CPU hotplug functions - Rewrite the CPU hotplug API documentation" * tag 'smp-urgent-2021-09-12' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: Documentation: core-api/cpuhotplug: Rewrite the API section cpu/hotplug: Remove deprecated CPU-hotplug functions. thermal: Replace deprecated CPU-hotplug functions. drivers: base: cacheinfo: Get rid of DEFINE_SMP_CALL_CACHE_FUNCTION()
-rw-r--r--Documentation/core-api/cpu_hotplug.rst579
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/kernel/cacheinfo.c7
-rw-r--r--arch/mips/kernel/cacheinfo.c7
-rw-r--r--arch/riscv/kernel/cacheinfo.c7
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/cpu/cacheinfo.c7
-rw-r--r--include/linux/cacheinfo.h18
-rw-r--r--include/linux/cpu.h6
-rw-r--r--include/linux/cpuhotplug.h132
8 files changed, 598 insertions, 165 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/core-api/cpu_hotplug.rst b/Documentation/core-api/cpu_hotplug.rst
index b66e3cae1472..c6f4ba2fb32d 100644
--- a/Documentation/core-api/cpu_hotplug.rst
+++ b/Documentation/core-api/cpu_hotplug.rst
@@ -2,12 +2,13 @@
CPU hotplug in the Kernel
=========================
-:Date: December, 2016
+:Date: September, 2021
:Author: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>,
- Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>,
- Srivatsa Vaddagiri <vatsa@in.ibm.com>,
- Ashok Raj <ashok.raj@intel.com>,
- Joel Schopp <jschopp@austin.ibm.com>
+ Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>,
+ Srivatsa Vaddagiri <vatsa@in.ibm.com>,
+ Ashok Raj <ashok.raj@intel.com>,
+ Joel Schopp <jschopp@austin.ibm.com>,
+ Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Introduction
============
@@ -158,100 +159,480 @@ at state ``CPUHP_OFFLINE``. This includes:
* Once all services are migrated, kernel calls an arch specific routine
``__cpu_disable()`` to perform arch specific cleanup.
-Using the hotplug API
----------------------
-
-It is possible to receive notifications once a CPU is offline or onlined. This
-might be important to certain drivers which need to perform some kind of setup
-or clean up functions based on the number of available CPUs::
-
- #include <linux/cpuhotplug.h>
-
- ret = cpuhp_setup_state(CPUHP_AP_ONLINE_DYN, "X/Y:online",
- Y_online, Y_prepare_down);
-
-*X* is the subsystem and *Y* the particular driver. The *Y_online* callback
-will be invoked during registration on all online CPUs. If an error
-occurs during the online callback the *Y_prepare_down* callback will be
-invoked on all CPUs on which the online callback was previously invoked.
-After registration completed, the *Y_online* callback will be invoked
-once a CPU is brought online and *Y_prepare_down* will be invoked when a
-CPU is shutdown. All resources which were previously allocated in
-*Y_online* should be released in *Y_prepare_down*.
-The return value *ret* is negative if an error occurred during the
-registration process. Otherwise a positive value is returned which
-contains the allocated hotplug for dynamically allocated states
-(*CPUHP_AP_ONLINE_DYN*). It will return zero for predefined states.
-
-The callback can be remove by invoking ``cpuhp_remove_state()``. In case of a
-dynamically allocated state (*CPUHP_AP_ONLINE_DYN*) use the returned state.
-During the removal of a hotplug state the teardown callback will be invoked.
-
-Multiple instances
-~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
-
-If a driver has multiple instances and each instance needs to perform the
-callback independently then it is likely that a ''multi-state'' should be used.
-First a multi-state state needs to be registered::
-
- ret = cpuhp_setup_state_multi(CPUHP_AP_ONLINE_DYN, "X/Y:online,
- Y_online, Y_prepare_down);
- Y_hp_online = ret;
-
-The ``cpuhp_setup_state_multi()`` behaves similar to ``cpuhp_setup_state()``
-except it prepares the callbacks for a multi state and does not invoke
-the callbacks. This is a one time setup.
-Once a new instance is allocated, you need to register this new instance::
-
- ret = cpuhp_state_add_instance(Y_hp_online, &d->node);
-
-This function will add this instance to your previously allocated
-*Y_hp_online* state and invoke the previously registered callback
-(*Y_online*) on all online CPUs. The *node* element is a ``struct
-hlist_node`` member of your per-instance data structure.
-
-On removal of the instance::
-
- cpuhp_state_remove_instance(Y_hp_online, &d->node)
-
-should be invoked which will invoke the teardown callback on all online
-CPUs.
-
-Manual setup
-~~~~~~~~~~~~
-
-Usually it is handy to invoke setup and teardown callbacks on registration or
-removal of a state because usually the operation needs to performed once a CPU
-goes online (offline) and during initial setup (shutdown) of the driver. However
-each registration and removal function is also available with a ``_nocalls``
-suffix which does not invoke the provided callbacks if the invocation of the
-callbacks is not desired. During the manual setup (or teardown) the functions
-``cpus_read_lock()`` and ``cpus_read_unlock()`` should be used to inhibit CPU
-hotplug operations.
-
-
-The ordering of the events
---------------------------
-
-The hotplug states are defined in ``include/linux/cpuhotplug.h``:
-
-* The states *CPUHP_OFFLINE* … *CPUHP_AP_OFFLINE* are invoked before the
- CPU is up.
-* The states *CPUHP_AP_OFFLINE* … *CPUHP_AP_ONLINE* are invoked
- just the after the CPU has been brought up. The interrupts are off and
- the scheduler is not yet active on this CPU. Starting with *CPUHP_AP_OFFLINE*
- the callbacks are invoked on the target CPU.
-* The states between *CPUHP_AP_ONLINE_DYN* and *CPUHP_AP_ONLINE_DYN_END* are
- reserved for the dynamic allocation.
-* The states are invoked in the reverse order on CPU shutdown starting with
- *CPUHP_ONLINE* and stopping at *CPUHP_OFFLINE*. Here the callbacks are
- invoked on the CPU that will be shutdown until *CPUHP_AP_OFFLINE*.
-
-A dynamically allocated state via *CPUHP_AP_ONLINE_DYN* is often enough.
-However if an earlier invocation during the bring up or shutdown is required
-then an explicit state should be acquired. An explicit state might also be
-required if the hotplug event requires specific ordering in respect to
-another hotplug event.
+
+The CPU hotplug API
+===================
+
+CPU hotplug state machine
+-------------------------
+
+CPU hotplug uses a trivial state machine with a linear state space from
+CPUHP_OFFLINE to CPUHP_ONLINE. Each state has a startup and a teardown
+callback.
+
+When a CPU is onlined, the startup callbacks are invoked sequentially until
+the state CPUHP_ONLINE is reached. They can also be invoked when the
+callbacks of a state are set up or an instance is added to a multi-instance
+state.
+
+When a CPU is offlined the teardown callbacks are invoked in the reverse
+order sequentially until the state CPUHP_OFFLINE is reached. They can also
+be invoked when the callbacks of a state are removed or an instance is
+removed from a multi-instance state.
+
+If a usage site requires only a callback in one direction of the hotplug
+operations (CPU online or CPU offline) then the other not-required callback
+can be set to NULL when the state is set up.
+
+The state space is divided into three sections:
+
+* The PREPARE section
+
+ The PREPARE section covers the state space from CPUHP_OFFLINE to
+ CPUHP_BRINGUP_CPU.
+
+ The startup callbacks in this section are invoked before the CPU is
+ started during a CPU online operation. The teardown callbacks are invoked
+ after the CPU has become dysfunctional during a CPU offline operation.
+
+ The callbacks are invoked on a control CPU as they can't obviously run on
+ the hotplugged CPU which is either not yet started or has become
+ dysfunctional already.
+
+ The startup callbacks are used to setup resources which are required to
+ bring a CPU successfully online. The teardown callbacks are used to free
+ resources or to move pending work to an online CPU after the hotplugged
+ CPU became dysfunctional.
+
+ The startup callbacks are allowed to fail. If a callback fails, the CPU
+ online operation is aborted and the CPU is brought down to the previous
+ state (usually CPUHP_OFFLINE) again.
+
+ The teardown callbacks in this section are not allowed to fail.
+
+* The STARTING section
+
+ The STARTING section covers the state space between CPUHP_BRINGUP_CPU + 1
+ and CPUHP_AP_ONLINE.
+
+ The startup callbacks in this section are invoked on the hotplugged CPU
+ with interrupts disabled during a CPU online operation in the early CPU
+ setup code. The teardown callbacks are invoked with interrupts disabled
+ on the hotplugged CPU during a CPU offline operation shortly before the
+ CPU is completely shut down.
+
+ The callbacks in this section are not allowed to fail.
+
+ The callbacks are used for low level hardware initialization/shutdown and
+ for core subsystems.
+
+* The ONLINE section
+
+ The ONLINE section covers the state space between CPUHP_AP_ONLINE + 1 and
+ CPUHP_ONLINE.
+
+ The startup callbacks in this section are invoked on the hotplugged CPU
+ during a CPU online operation. The teardown callbacks are invoked on the
+ hotplugged CPU during a CPU offline operation.
+
+ The callbacks are invoked in the context of the per CPU hotplug thread,
+ which is pinned on the hotplugged CPU. The callbacks are invoked with
+ interrupts and preemption enabled.
+
+ The callbacks are allowed to fail. When a callback fails the hotplug
+ operation is aborted and the CPU is brought back to the previous state.
+
+CPU online/offline operations
+-----------------------------
+
+A successful online operation looks like this::
+
+ [CPUHP_OFFLINE]
+ [CPUHP_OFFLINE + 1]->startup() -> success
+ [CPUHP_OFFLINE + 2]->startup() -> success
+ [CPUHP_OFFLINE + 3] -> skipped because startup == NULL
+ ...
+ [CPUHP_BRINGUP_CPU]->startup() -> success
+ === End of PREPARE section
+ [CPUHP_BRINGUP_CPU + 1]->startup() -> success
+ ...
+ [CPUHP_AP_ONLINE]->startup() -> success
+ === End of STARTUP section
+ [CPUHP_AP_ONLINE + 1]->startup() -> success
+ ...
+ [CPUHP_ONLINE - 1]->startup() -> success
+ [CPUHP_ONLINE]
+
+A successful offline operation looks like this::
+
+ [CPUHP_ONLINE]
+ [CPUHP_ONLINE - 1]->teardown() -> success
+ ...
+ [CPUHP_AP_ONLINE + 1]->teardown() -> success
+ === Start of STARTUP section
+ [CPUHP_AP_ONLINE]->teardown() -> success
+ ...
+ [CPUHP_BRINGUP_ONLINE - 1]->teardown()
+ ...
+ === Start of PREPARE section
+ [CPUHP_BRINGUP_CPU]->teardown()
+ [CPUHP_OFFLINE + 3]->teardown()
+ [CPUHP_OFFLINE + 2] -> skipped because teardown == NULL
+ [CPUHP_OFFLINE + 1]->teardown()
+ [CPUHP_OFFLINE]
+
+A failed online operation looks like this::
+
+ [CPUHP_OFFLINE]
+ [CPUHP_OFFLINE + 1]->startup() -> success
+ [CPUHP_OFFLINE + 2]->startup() -> success
+ [CPUHP_OFFLINE + 3] -> skipped because startup == NULL
+ ...
+ [CPUHP_BRINGUP_CPU]->startup() -> success
+ === End of PREPARE section
+ [CPUHP_BRINGUP_CPU + 1]->startup() -> success
+ ...
+ [CPUHP_AP_ONLINE]->startup() -> success
+ === End of STARTUP section
+ [CPUHP_AP_ONLINE + 1]->startup() -> success
+ ---
+ [CPUHP_AP_ONLINE + N]->startup() -> fail
+ [CPUHP_AP_ONLINE + (N - 1)]->teardown()
+ ...
+ [CPUHP_AP_ONLINE + 1]->teardown()
+ === Start of STARTUP section
+ [CPUHP_AP_ONLINE]->teardown()
+ ...
+ [CPUHP_BRINGUP_ONLINE - 1]->teardown()
+ ...
+ === Start of PREPARE section
+ [CPUHP_BRINGUP_CPU]->teardown()
+ [CPUHP_OFFLINE + 3]->teardown()
+ [CPUHP_OFFLINE + 2] -> skipped because teardown == NULL
+ [CPUHP_OFFLINE + 1]->teardown()
+ [CPUHP_OFFLINE]
+
+A failed offline operation looks like this::
+
+ [CPUHP_ONLINE]
+ [CPUHP_ONLINE - 1]->teardown() -> success
+ ...
+ [CPUHP_ONLINE - N]->teardown() -> fail
+ [CPUHP_ONLINE - (N - 1)]->startup()
+ ...
+ [CPUHP_ONLINE - 1]->startup()
+ [CPUHP_ONLINE]
+
+Recursive failures cannot be handled sensibly. Look at the following
+example of a recursive fail due to a failed offline operation: ::
+
+ [CPUHP_ONLINE]
+ [CPUHP_ONLINE - 1]->teardown() -> success
+ ...
+ [CPUHP_ONLINE - N]->teardown() -> fail
+ [CPUHP_ONLINE - (N - 1)]->startup() -> success
+ [CPUHP_ONLINE - (N - 2)]->startup() -> fail
+
+The CPU hotplug state machine stops right here and does not try to go back
+down again because that would likely result in an endless loop::
+
+ [CPUHP_ONLINE - (N - 1)]->teardown() -> success
+ [CPUHP_ONLINE - N]->teardown() -> fail
+ [CPUHP_ONLINE - (N - 1)]->startup() -> success
+ [CPUHP_ONLINE - (N - 2)]->startup() -> fail
+ [CPUHP_ONLINE - (N - 1)]->teardown() -> success
+ [CPUHP_ONLINE - N]->teardown() -> fail
+
+Lather, rinse and repeat. In this case the CPU left in state::
+
+ [CPUHP_ONLINE - (N - 1)]
+
+which at least lets the system make progress and gives the user a chance to
+debug or even resolve the situation.
+
+Allocating a state
+------------------
+
+There are two ways to allocate a CPU hotplug state:
+
+* Static allocation
+
+ Static allocation has to be used when the subsystem or driver has
+ ordering requirements versus other CPU hotplug states. E.g. the PERF core
+ startup callback has to be invoked before the PERF driver startup
+ callbacks during a CPU online operation. During a CPU offline operation
+ the driver teardown callbacks have to be invoked before the core teardown
+ callback. The statically allocated states are described by constants in
+ the cpuhp_state enum which can be found in include/linux/cpuhotplug.h.
+
+ Insert the state into the enum at the proper place so the ordering
+ requirements are fulfilled. The state constant has to be used for state
+ setup and removal.
+
+ Static allocation is also required when the state callbacks are not set
+ up at runtime and are part of the initializer of the CPU hotplug state
+ array in kernel/cpu.c.
+
+* Dynamic allocation
+
+ When there are no ordering requirements for the state callbacks then
+ dynamic allocation is the preferred method. The state number is allocated
+ by the setup function and returned to the caller on success.
+
+ Only the PREPARE and ONLINE sections provide a dynamic allocation
+ range. The STARTING section does not as most of the callbacks in that
+ section have explicit ordering requirements.
+
+Setup of a CPU hotplug state
+----------------------------
+
+The core code provides the following functions to setup a state:
+
+* cpuhp_setup_state(state, name, startup, teardown)
+* cpuhp_setup_state_nocalls(state, name, startup, teardown)
+* cpuhp_setup_state_cpuslocked(state, name, startup, teardown)
+* cpuhp_setup_state_nocalls_cpuslocked(state, name, startup, teardown)
+
+For cases where a driver or a subsystem has multiple instances and the same
+CPU hotplug state callbacks need to be invoked for each instance, the CPU
+hotplug core provides multi-instance support. The advantage over driver
+specific instance lists is that the instance related functions are fully
+serialized against CPU hotplug operations and provide the automatic
+invocations of the state callbacks on add and removal. To set up such a
+multi-instance state the following function is available:
+
+* cpuhp_setup_state_multi(state, name, startup, teardown)
+
+The @state argument is either a statically allocated state or one of the
+constants for dynamically allocated states - CPUHP_PREPARE_DYN,
+CPUHP_ONLINE_DYN - depending on the state section (PREPARE, ONLINE) for
+which a dynamic state should be allocated.
+
+The @name argument is used for sysfs output and for instrumentation. The
+naming convention is "subsys:mode" or "subsys/driver:mode",
+e.g. "perf:mode" or "perf/x86:mode". The common mode names are:
+
+======== =======================================================
+prepare For states in the PREPARE section
+
+dead For states in the PREPARE section which do not provide
+ a startup callback
+
+starting For states in the STARTING section
+
+dying For states in the STARTING section which do not provide
+ a startup callback
+
+online For states in the ONLINE section
+
+offline For states in the ONLINE section which do not provide
+ a startup callback
+======== =======================================================
+
+As the @name argument is only used for sysfs and instrumentation other mode
+descriptors can be used as well if they describe the nature of the state
+better than the common ones.
+
+Examples for @name arguments: "perf/online", "perf/x86:prepare",
+"RCU/tree:dying", "sched/waitempty"
+
+The @startup argument is a function pointer to the callback which should be
+invoked during a CPU online operation. If the usage site does not require a
+startup callback set the pointer to NULL.
+
+The @teardown argument is a function pointer to the callback which should
+be invoked during a CPU offline operation. If the usage site does not
+require a teardown callback set the pointer to NULL.
+
+The functions differ in the way how the installed callbacks are treated:
+
+ * cpuhp_setup_state_nocalls(), cpuhp_setup_state_nocalls_cpuslocked()
+ and cpuhp_setup_state_multi() only install the callbacks
+
+ * cpuhp_setup_state() and cpuhp_setup_state_cpuslocked() install the
+ callbacks and invoke the @startup callback (if not NULL) for all online
+ CPUs which have currently a state greater than the newly installed
+ state. Depending on the state section the callback is either invoked on
+ the current CPU (PREPARE section) or on each online CPU (ONLINE
+ section) in the context of the CPU's hotplug thread.
+
+ If a callback fails for CPU N then the teardown callback for CPU
+ 0 .. N-1 is invoked to rollback the operation. The state setup fails,
+ the callbacks for the state are not installed and in case of dynamic
+ allocation the allocated state is freed.
+
+The state setup and the callback invocations are serialized against CPU
+hotplug operations. If the setup function has to be called from a CPU
+hotplug read locked region, then the _cpuslocked() variants have to be
+used. These functions cannot be used from within CPU hotplug callbacks.
+
+The function return values:
+ ======== ===================================================================
+ 0 Statically allocated state was successfully set up
+
+ >0 Dynamically allocated state was successfully set up.
+
+ The returned number is the state number which was allocated. If
+ the state callbacks have to be removed later, e.g. module
+ removal, then this number has to be saved by the caller and used
+ as @state argument for the state remove function. For
+ multi-instance states the dynamically allocated state number is
+ also required as @state argument for the instance add/remove
+ operations.
+
+ <0 Operation failed
+ ======== ===================================================================
+
+Removal of a CPU hotplug state
+------------------------------
+
+To remove a previously set up state, the following functions are provided:
+
+* cpuhp_remove_state(state)
+* cpuhp_remove_state_nocalls(state)
+* cpuhp_remove_state_nocalls_cpuslocked(state)
+* cpuhp_remove_multi_state(state)
+
+The @state argument is either a statically allocated state or the state
+number which was allocated in the dynamic range by cpuhp_setup_state*(). If
+the state is in the dynamic range, then the state number is freed and
+available for dynamic allocation again.
+
+The functions differ in the way how the installed callbacks are treated:
+
+ * cpuhp_remove_state_nocalls(), cpuhp_remove_state_nocalls_cpuslocked()
+ and cpuhp_remove_multi_state() only remove the callbacks.
+
+ * cpuhp_remove_state() removes the callbacks and invokes the teardown
+ callback (if not NULL) for all online CPUs which have currently a state
+ greater than the removed state. Depending on the state section the
+ callback is either invoked on the current CPU (PREPARE section) or on
+ each online CPU (ONLINE section) in the context of the CPU's hotplug
+ thread.
+
+ In order to complete the removal, the teardown callback should not fail.
+
+The state removal and the callback invocations are serialized against CPU
+hotplug operations. If the remove function has to be called from a CPU
+hotplug read locked region, then the _cpuslocked() variants have to be
+used. These functions cannot be used from within CPU hotplug callbacks.
+
+If a multi-instance state is removed then the caller has to remove all
+instances first.
+
+Multi-Instance state instance management
+----------------------------------------
+
+Once the multi-instance state is set up, instances can be added to the
+state:
+
+ * cpuhp_state_add_instance(state, node)
+ * cpuhp_state_add_instance_nocalls(state, node)
+
+The @state argument is either a statically allocated state or the state
+number which was allocated in the dynamic range by cpuhp_setup_state_multi().
+
+The @node argument is a pointer to an hlist_node which is embedded in the
+instance's data structure. The pointer is handed to the multi-instance
+state callbacks and can be used by the callback to retrieve the instance
+via container_of().
+
+The functions differ in the way how the installed callbacks are treated:
+
+ * cpuhp_state_add_instance_nocalls() and only adds the instance to the
+ multi-instance state's node list.
+
+ * cpuhp_state_add_instance() adds the instance and invokes the startup
+ callback (if not NULL) associated with @state for all online CPUs which
+ have currently a state greater than @state. The callback is only
+ invoked for the to be added instance. Depending on the state section
+ the callback is either invoked on the current CPU (PREPARE section) or
+ on each online CPU (ONLINE section) in the context of the CPU's hotplug
+ thread.
+
+ If a callback fails for CPU N then the teardown callback for CPU
+ 0 .. N-1 is invoked to rollback the operation, the function fails and
+ the instance is not added to the node list of the multi-instance state.
+
+To remove an instance from the state's node list these functions are
+available:
+
+ * cpuhp_state_remove_instance(state, node)
+ * cpuhp_state_remove_instance_nocalls(state, node)
+
+The arguments are the same as for the the cpuhp_state_add_instance*()
+variants above.
+
+The functions differ in the way how the installed callbacks are treated:
+
+ * cpuhp_state_remove_instance_nocalls() only removes the instance from the
+ state's node list.
+
+ * cpuhp_state_remove_instance() removes the instance and invokes the
+ teardown callback (if not NULL) associated with @state for all online
+ CPUs which have currently a state greater than @state. The callback is
+ only invoked for the to be removed instance. Depending on the state
+ section the callback is either invoked on the current CPU (PREPARE
+ section) or on each online CPU (ONLINE section) in the context of the
+ CPU's hotplug thread.
+
+ In order to complete the removal, the teardown callback should not fail.
+
+The node list add/remove operations and the callback invocations are
+serialized against CPU hotplug operations. These functions cannot be used
+from within CPU hotplug callbacks and CPU hotplug read locked regions.
+
+Examples
+--------
+
+Setup and teardown a statically allocated state in the STARTING section for
+notifications on online and offline operations::
+
+ ret = cpuhp_setup_state(CPUHP_SUBSYS_STARTING, "subsys:starting", subsys_cpu_starting, subsys_cpu_dying);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+ ....
+ cpuhp_remove_state(CPUHP_SUBSYS_STARTING);
+
+Setup and teardown a dynamically allocated state in the ONLINE section
+for notifications on offline operations::
+
+ state = cpuhp_setup_state(CPUHP_ONLINE_DYN, "subsys:offline", NULL, subsys_cpu_offline);
+ if (state < 0)
+ return state;
+ ....
+ cpuhp_remove_state(state);
+
+Setup and teardown a dynamically allocated state in the ONLINE section
+for notifications on online operations without invoking the callbacks::
+
+ state = cpuhp_setup_state_nocalls(CPUHP_ONLINE_DYN, "subsys:online", subsys_cpu_online, NULL);
+ if (state < 0)
+ return state;
+ ....
+ cpuhp_remove_state_nocalls(state);
+
+Setup, use and teardown a dynamically allocated multi-instance state in the
+ONLINE section for notifications on online and offline operation::
+
+ state = cpuhp_setup_state_multi(CPUHP_ONLINE_DYN, "subsys:online", subsys_cpu_online, subsys_cpu_offline);
+ if (state < 0)
+ return state;
+ ....
+ ret = cpuhp_state_add_instance(state, &inst1->node);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+ ....
+ ret = cpuhp_state_add_instance(state, &inst2->node);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+ ....
+ cpuhp_remove_instance(state, &inst1->node);
+ ....
+ cpuhp_remove_instance(state, &inst2->node);
+ ....
+ remove_multi_state(state);
+
Testing of hotplug states
=========================
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/cacheinfo.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/cacheinfo.c
index 7fa6828bb488..587543c6c51c 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/cacheinfo.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/cacheinfo.c
@@ -43,7 +43,7 @@ static void ci_leaf_init(struct cacheinfo *this_leaf,
this_leaf->type = type;
}
-static int __init_cache_level(unsigned int cpu)
+int init_cache_level(unsigned int cpu)
{
unsigned int ctype, level, leaves, fw_level;
struct cpu_cacheinfo *this_cpu_ci = get_cpu_cacheinfo(cpu);
@@ -78,7 +78,7 @@ static int __init_cache_level(unsigned int cpu)
return 0;
}
-static int __populate_cache_leaves(unsigned int cpu)
+int populate_cache_leaves(unsigned int cpu)
{
unsigned int level, idx;
enum cache_type type;
@@ -97,6 +97,3 @@ static int __populate_cache_leaves(unsigned int cpu)
}
return 0;
}
-
-DEFINE_SMP_CALL_CACHE_FUNCTION(init_cache_level)
-DEFINE_SMP_CALL_CACHE_FUNCTION(populate_cache_leaves)
diff --git a/arch/mips/kernel/cacheinfo.c b/arch/mips/kernel/cacheinfo.c
index 53d8ea7d36e6..495dd058231d 100644
--- a/arch/mips/kernel/cacheinfo.c
+++ b/arch/mips/kernel/cacheinfo.c
@@ -17,7 +17,7 @@ do { \
leaf++; \
} while (0)
-static int __init_cache_level(unsigned int cpu)
+int init_cache_level(unsigned int cpu)
{
struct cpuinfo_mips *c = &current_cpu_data;
struct cpu_cacheinfo *this_cpu_ci = get_cpu_cacheinfo(cpu);
@@ -74,7 +74,7 @@ static void fill_cpumask_cluster(int cpu, cpumask_t *cpu_map)
cpumask_set_cpu(cpu1, cpu_map);
}
-static int __populate_cache_leaves(unsigned int cpu)
+int populate_cache_leaves(unsigned int cpu)
{
struct cpuinfo_mips *c = &current_cpu_data;
struct cpu_cacheinfo *this_cpu_ci = get_cpu_cacheinfo(cpu);
@@ -114,6 +114,3 @@ static int __populate_cache_leaves(unsigned int cpu)
return 0;
}
-
-DEFINE_SMP_CALL_CACHE_FUNCTION(init_cache_level)
-DEFINE_SMP_CALL_CACHE_FUNCTION(populate_cache_leaves)
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/cacheinfo.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/cacheinfo.c
index d86781357044..90deabfe63ea 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/kernel/cacheinfo.c
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/cacheinfo.c
@@ -113,7 +113,7 @@ static void fill_cacheinfo(struct cacheinfo **this_leaf,
}
}
-static int __init_cache_level(unsigned int cpu)
+int init_cache_level(unsigned int cpu)
{
struct cpu_cacheinfo *this_cpu_ci = get_cpu_cacheinfo(cpu);
struct device_node *np = of_cpu_device_node_get(cpu);
@@ -155,7 +155,7 @@ static int __init_cache_level(unsigned int cpu)
return 0;
}
-static int __populate_cache_leaves(unsigned int cpu)
+int populate_cache_leaves(unsigned int cpu)
{
struct cpu_cacheinfo *this_cpu_ci = get_cpu_cacheinfo(cpu);
struct cacheinfo *this_leaf = this_cpu_ci->info_list;
@@ -187,6 +187,3 @@ static int __populate_cache_leaves(unsigned int cpu)
return 0;
}
-
-DEFINE_SMP_CALL_CACHE_FUNCTION(init_cache_level)
-DEFINE_SMP_CALL_CACHE_FUNCTION(populate_cache_leaves)
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/cacheinfo.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/cacheinfo.c
index d66af2950e06..b5e36bd0425b 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/cacheinfo.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/cacheinfo.c
@@ -985,7 +985,7 @@ static void ci_leaf_init(struct cacheinfo *this_leaf,
this_leaf->priv = base->nb;
}
-static int __init_cache_level(unsigned int cpu)
+int init_cache_level(unsigned int cpu)
{
struct cpu_cacheinfo *this_cpu_ci = get_cpu_cacheinfo(cpu);
@@ -1014,7 +1014,7 @@ static void get_cache_id(int cpu, struct _cpuid4_info_regs *id4_regs)
id4_regs->id = c->apicid >> index_msb;
}
-static int __populate_cache_leaves(unsigned int cpu)
+int populate_cache_leaves(unsigned int cpu)
{
unsigned int idx, ret;
struct cpu_cacheinfo *this_cpu_ci = get_cpu_cacheinfo(cpu);
@@ -1033,6 +1033,3 @@ static int __populate_cache_leaves(unsigned int cpu)
return 0;
}
-
-DEFINE_SMP_CALL_CACHE_FUNCTION(init_cache_level)
-DEFINE_SMP_CALL_CACHE_FUNCTION(populate_cache_leaves)
diff --git a/include/linux/cacheinfo.h b/include/linux/cacheinfo.h
index 4f72b47973c3..2f909ed084c6 100644
--- a/include/linux/cacheinfo.h
+++ b/include/linux/cacheinfo.h
@@ -79,24 +79,6 @@ struct cpu_cacheinfo {
bool cpu_map_populated;
};
-/*
- * Helpers to make sure "func" is executed on the cpu whose cache
- * attributes are being detected
- */
-#define DEFINE_SMP_CALL_CACHE_FUNCTION(func) \
-static inline void _##func(void *ret) \
-{ \
- int cpu = smp_processor_id(); \
- *(int *)ret = __##func(cpu); \
-} \
- \
-int func(unsigned int cpu) \
-{ \
- int ret; \
- smp_call_function_single(cpu, _##func, &ret, true); \
- return ret; \
-}
-
struct cpu_cacheinfo *get_cpu_cacheinfo(unsigned int cpu);
int init_cache_level(unsigned int cpu);
int populate_cache_leaves(unsigned int cpu);
diff --git a/include/linux/cpu.h b/include/linux/cpu.h
index 94a578a96202..9cf51e41e697 100644
--- a/include/linux/cpu.h
+++ b/include/linux/cpu.h
@@ -143,12 +143,6 @@ static inline int remove_cpu(unsigned int cpu) { return -EPERM; }
static inline void smp_shutdown_nonboot_cpus(unsigned int primary_cpu) { }
#endif /* !CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU */
-/* Wrappers which go away once all code is converted */
-static inline void cpu_hotplug_begin(void) { cpus_write_lock(); }
-static inline void cpu_hotplug_done(void) { cpus_write_unlock(); }
-static inline void get_online_cpus(void) { cpus_read_lock(); }
-static inline void put_online_cpus(void) { cpus_read_unlock(); }
-
#ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP_SMP
extern int freeze_secondary_cpus(int primary);
extern void thaw_secondary_cpus(void);
diff --git a/include/linux/cpuhotplug.h b/include/linux/cpuhotplug.h
index 39cf84a30b9f..832d8a74fa59 100644
--- a/include/linux/cpuhotplug.h
+++ b/include/linux/cpuhotplug.h
@@ -22,8 +22,42 @@
* AP_ACTIVE AP_ACTIVE
*/
+/*
+ * CPU hotplug states. The state machine invokes the installed state
+ * startup callbacks sequentially from CPUHP_OFFLINE + 1 to CPUHP_ONLINE
+ * during a CPU online operation. During a CPU offline operation the
+ * installed teardown callbacks are invoked in the reverse order from
+ * CPU_ONLINE - 1 down to CPUHP_OFFLINE.
+ *
+ * The state space has three sections: PREPARE, STARTING and ONLINE.
+ *
+ * PREPARE: The callbacks are invoked on a control CPU before the
+ * hotplugged CPU is started up or after the hotplugged CPU has died.
+ *
+ * STARTING: The callbacks are invoked on the hotplugged CPU from the low level
+ * hotplug startup/teardown code with interrupts disabled.
+ *
+ * ONLINE: The callbacks are invoked on the hotplugged CPU from the per CPU
+ * hotplug thread with interrupts and preemption enabled.
+ *
+ * Adding explicit states to this enum is only necessary when:
+ *
+ * 1) The state is within the STARTING section
+ *
+ * 2) The state has ordering constraints vs. other states in the
+ * same section.
+ *
+ * If neither #1 nor #2 apply, please use the dynamic state space when
+ * setting up a state by using CPUHP_PREPARE_DYN or CPUHP_PREPARE_ONLINE
+ * for the @state argument of the setup function.
+ *
+ * See Documentation/core-api/cpu_hotplug.rst for further information and
+ * examples.
+ */
enum cpuhp_state {
CPUHP_INVALID = -1,
+
+ /* PREPARE section invoked on a control CPU */
CPUHP_OFFLINE = 0,
CPUHP_CREATE_THREADS,
CPUHP_PERF_PREPARE,
@@ -95,6 +129,11 @@ enum cpuhp_state {
CPUHP_BP_PREPARE_DYN,
CPUHP_BP_PREPARE_DYN_END = CPUHP_BP_PREPARE_DYN + 20,
CPUHP_BRINGUP_CPU,
+
+ /*
+ * STARTING section invoked on the hotplugged CPU in low level
+ * bringup and teardown code.
+ */
CPUHP_AP_IDLE_DEAD,
CPUHP_AP_OFFLINE,
CPUHP_AP_SCHED_STARTING,
@@ -155,6 +194,8 @@ enum cpuhp_state {
CPUHP_AP_ARM_CACHE_B15_RAC_DYING,
CPUHP_AP_ONLINE,
CPUHP_TEARDOWN_CPU,
+
+ /* Online section invoked on the hotplugged CPU from the hotplug thread */
CPUHP_AP_ONLINE_IDLE,
CPUHP_AP_SCHED_WAIT_EMPTY,
CPUHP_AP_SMPBOOT_THREADS,
@@ -216,14 +257,15 @@ int __cpuhp_setup_state_cpuslocked(enum cpuhp_state state, const char *name,
int (*teardown)(unsigned int cpu),
bool multi_instance);
/**
- * cpuhp_setup_state - Setup hotplug state callbacks with calling the callbacks
+ * cpuhp_setup_state - Setup hotplug state callbacks with calling the @startup
+ * callback
* @state: The state for which the calls are installed
* @name: Name of the callback (will be used in debug output)
- * @startup: startup callback function
- * @teardown: teardown callback function
+ * @startup: startup callback function or NULL if not required
+ * @teardown: teardown callback function or NULL if not required
*
- * Installs the callback functions and invokes the startup callback on
- * the present cpus which have already reached the @state.
+ * Installs the callback functions and invokes the @startup callback on
+ * the online cpus which have already reached the @state.
*/
static inline int cpuhp_setup_state(enum cpuhp_state state,
const char *name,
@@ -233,6 +275,18 @@ static inline int cpuhp_setup_state(enum cpuhp_state state,
return __cpuhp_setup_state(state, name, true, startup, teardown, false);
}
+/**
+ * cpuhp_setup_state_cpuslocked - Setup hotplug state callbacks with calling
+ * @startup callback from a cpus_read_lock()
+ * held region
+ * @state: The state for which the calls are installed
+ * @name: Name of the callback (will be used in debug output)
+ * @startup: startup callback function or NULL if not required
+ * @teardown: teardown callback function or NULL if not required
+ *
+ * Same as cpuhp_setup_state() except that it must be invoked from within a
+ * cpus_read_lock() held region.
+ */
static inline int cpuhp_setup_state_cpuslocked(enum cpuhp_state state,
const char *name,
int (*startup)(unsigned int cpu),
@@ -244,14 +298,14 @@ static inline int cpuhp_setup_state_cpuslocked(enum cpuhp_state state,
/**
* cpuhp_setup_state_nocalls - Setup hotplug state callbacks without calling the
- * callbacks
+ * @startup callback
* @state: The state for which the calls are installed
* @name: Name of the callback.
- * @startup: startup callback function
- * @teardown: teardown callback function
+ * @startup: startup callback function or NULL if not required
+ * @teardown: teardown callback function or NULL if not required
*
- * Same as @cpuhp_setup_state except that no calls are executed are invoked
- * during installation of this callback. NOP if SMP=n or HOTPLUG_CPU=n.
+ * Same as cpuhp_setup_state() except that the @startup callback is not
+ * invoked during installation. NOP if SMP=n or HOTPLUG_CPU=n.
*/
static inline int cpuhp_setup_state_nocalls(enum cpuhp_state state,
const char *name,
@@ -262,6 +316,19 @@ static inline int cpuhp_setup_state_nocalls(enum cpuhp_state state,
false);
}
+/**
+ * cpuhp_setup_state_nocalls_cpuslocked - Setup hotplug state callbacks without
+ * invoking the @startup callback from
+ * a cpus_read_lock() held region
+ * callbacks
+ * @state: The state for which the calls are installed
+ * @name: Name of the callback.
+ * @startup: startup callback function or NULL if not required
+ * @teardown: teardown callback function or NULL if not required
+ *
+ * Same as cpuhp_setup_state_nocalls() except that it must be invoked from
+ * within a cpus_read_lock() held region.
+ */
static inline int cpuhp_setup_state_nocalls_cpuslocked(enum cpuhp_state state,
const char *name,
int (*startup)(unsigned int cpu),
@@ -275,13 +342,13 @@ static inline int cpuhp_setup_state_nocalls_cpuslocked(enum cpuhp_state state,
* cpuhp_setup_state_multi - Add callbacks for multi state
* @state: The state for which the calls are installed
* @name: Name of the callback.
- * @startup: startup callback function
- * @teardown: teardown callback function
+ * @startup: startup callback function or NULL if not required
+ * @teardown: teardown callback function or NULL if not required
*
* Sets the internal multi_instance flag and prepares a state to work as a multi
* instance callback. No callbacks are invoked at this point. The callbacks are
* invoked once an instance for this state are registered via
- * @cpuhp_state_add_instance or @cpuhp_state_add_instance_nocalls.
+ * cpuhp_state_add_instance() or cpuhp_state_add_instance_nocalls()
*/
static inline int cpuhp_setup_state_multi(enum cpuhp_state state,
const char *name,
@@ -306,9 +373,10 @@ int __cpuhp_state_add_instance_cpuslocked(enum cpuhp_state state,
* @state: The state for which the instance is installed
* @node: The node for this individual state.
*
- * Installs the instance for the @state and invokes the startup callback on
- * the present cpus which have already reached the @state. The @state must have
- * been earlier marked as multi-instance by @cpuhp_setup_state_multi.
+ * Installs the instance for the @state and invokes the registered startup
+ * callback on the online cpus which have already reached the @state. The
+ * @state must have been earlier marked as multi-instance by
+ * cpuhp_setup_state_multi().
*/
static inline int cpuhp_state_add_instance(enum cpuhp_state state,
struct hlist_node *node)
@@ -322,8 +390,9 @@ static inline int cpuhp_state_add_instance(enum cpuhp_state state,
* @state: The state for which the instance is installed
* @node: The node for this individual state.
*
- * Installs the instance for the @state The @state must have been earlier
- * marked as multi-instance by @cpuhp_setup_state_multi.
+ * Installs the instance for the @state. The @state must have been earlier
+ * marked as multi-instance by cpuhp_setup_state_multi. NOP if SMP=n or
+ * HOTPLUG_CPU=n.
*/
static inline int cpuhp_state_add_instance_nocalls(enum cpuhp_state state,
struct hlist_node *node)
@@ -331,6 +400,17 @@ static inline int cpuhp_state_add_instance_nocalls(enum cpuhp_state state,
return __cpuhp_state_add_instance(state, node, false);
}
+/**
+ * cpuhp_state_add_instance_nocalls_cpuslocked - Add an instance for a state
+ * without invoking the startup
+ * callback from a cpus_read_lock()
+ * held region.
+ * @state: The state for which the instance is installed
+ * @node: The node for this individual state.
+ *
+ * Same as cpuhp_state_add_instance_nocalls() except that it must be
+ * invoked from within a cpus_read_lock() held region.
+ */
static inline int
cpuhp_state_add_instance_nocalls_cpuslocked(enum cpuhp_state state,
struct hlist_node *node)
@@ -346,7 +426,7 @@ void __cpuhp_remove_state_cpuslocked(enum cpuhp_state state, bool invoke);
* @state: The state for which the calls are removed
*
* Removes the callback functions and invokes the teardown callback on
- * the present cpus which have already reached the @state.
+ * the online cpus which have already reached the @state.
*/
static inline void cpuhp_remove_state(enum cpuhp_state state)
{
@@ -355,7 +435,7 @@ static inline void cpuhp_remove_state(enum cpuhp_state state)
/**
* cpuhp_remove_state_nocalls - Remove hotplug state callbacks without invoking
- * teardown
+ * the teardown callback
* @state: The state for which the calls are removed
*/
static inline void cpuhp_remove_state_nocalls(enum cpuhp_state state)
@@ -363,6 +443,14 @@ static inline void cpuhp_remove_state_nocalls(enum cpuhp_state state)
__cpuhp_remove_state(state, false);
}
+/**
+ * cpuhp_remove_state_nocalls_cpuslocked - Remove hotplug state callbacks without invoking
+ * teardown from a cpus_read_lock() held region.
+ * @state: The state for which the calls are removed
+ *
+ * Same as cpuhp_remove_state nocalls() except that it must be invoked
+ * from within a cpus_read_lock() held region.
+ */
static inline void cpuhp_remove_state_nocalls_cpuslocked(enum cpuhp_state state)
{
__cpuhp_remove_state_cpuslocked(state, false);
@@ -390,8 +478,8 @@ int __cpuhp_state_remove_instance(enum cpuhp_state state,
* @state: The state from which the instance is removed
* @node: The node for this individual state.
*
- * Removes the instance and invokes the teardown callback on the present cpus
- * which have already reached the @state.
+ * Removes the instance and invokes the teardown callback on the online cpus
+ * which have already reached @state.
*/
static inline int cpuhp_state_remove_instance(enum cpuhp_state state,
struct hlist_node *node)