diff options
authorAndrea Arcangeli <>2019-06-13 15:56:11 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <>2019-06-13 17:34:56 -1000
commit59ea6d06cfa9247b586a695c21f94afa7183af74 (patch)
parent0874bb49bb21bf24deda853e8bf61b8325e24bcb (diff)
coredump: fix race condition between collapse_huge_page() and core dumping
When fixing the race conditions between the coredump and the mmap_sem holders outside the context of the process, we focused on mmget_not_zero()/get_task_mm() callers in 04f5866e41fb70 ("coredump: fix race condition between mmget_not_zero()/get_task_mm() and core dumping"), but those aren't the only cases where the mmap_sem can be taken outside of the context of the process as Michal Hocko noticed while backporting that commit to older -stable kernels. If mmgrab() is called in the context of the process, but then the mm_count reference is transferred outside the context of the process, that can also be a problem if the mmap_sem has to be taken for writing through that mm_count reference. khugepaged registration calls mmgrab() in the context of the process, but the mmap_sem for writing is taken later in the context of the khugepaged kernel thread. collapse_huge_page() after taking the mmap_sem for writing doesn't modify any vma, so it's not obvious that it could cause a problem to the coredump, but it happens to modify the pmd in a way that breaks an invariant that pmd_trans_huge_lock() relies upon. collapse_huge_page() needs the mmap_sem for writing just to block concurrent page faults that call pmd_trans_huge_lock(). Specifically the invariant that "!pmd_trans_huge()" cannot become a "pmd_trans_huge()" doesn't hold while collapse_huge_page() runs. The coredump will call __get_user_pages() without mmap_sem for reading, which eventually can invoke a lockless page fault which will need a functional pmd_trans_huge_lock(). So collapse_huge_page() needs to use mmget_still_valid() to check it's not running concurrently with the coredump... as long as the coredump can invoke page faults without holding the mmap_sem for reading. This has "Fixes: khugepaged" to facilitate backporting, but in my view it's more a bug in the coredump code that will eventually have to be rewritten to stop invoking page faults without the mmap_sem for reading. So the long term plan is still to drop all mmget_still_valid(). Link: Fixes: ba76149f47d8 ("thp: khugepaged") Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <> Reported-by: Michal Hocko <> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <> Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <> Cc: Jann Horn <> Cc: Hugh Dickins <> Cc: Mike Rapoport <> Cc: Mike Kravetz <> Cc: Peter Xu <> Cc: Jason Gunthorpe <> Cc: <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2 files changed, 7 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/include/linux/sched/mm.h b/include/linux/sched/mm.h
index a3fda9f024c3..4a7944078cc3 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched/mm.h
@@ -54,6 +54,10 @@ static inline void mmdrop(struct mm_struct *mm)
* followed by taking the mmap_sem for writing before modifying the
* vmas or anything the coredump pretends not to change from under it.
+ * It also has to be called when mmgrab() is used in the context of
+ * the process, but then the mm_count refcount is transferred outside
+ * the context of the process to run down_write() on that pinned mm.
+ *
* NOTE: find_extend_vma() called from GUP context is the only place
* that can modify the "mm" (notably the vm_start/end) under mmap_sem
* for reading and outside the context of the process, so it is also
diff --git a/mm/khugepaged.c b/mm/khugepaged.c
index a335f7c1fac4..0f7419938008 100644
--- a/mm/khugepaged.c
+++ b/mm/khugepaged.c
@@ -1004,6 +1004,9 @@ static void collapse_huge_page(struct mm_struct *mm,
* handled by the anon_vma lock + PG_lock.
+ result = SCAN_ANY_PROCESS;
+ if (!mmget_still_valid(mm))
+ goto out;
result = hugepage_vma_revalidate(mm, address, &vma);
if (result)
goto out;