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authorHiro Yoshioka <hyoshiok@miraclelinux.com>2006-06-23 02:04:16 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@g5.osdl.org>2006-06-23 07:42:56 -0700
commitc22ce143d15eb288543fe9873e1c5ac1c01b69a1 (patch)
treedc7d457b8952fc50dfc90df659b35de4117c61fc
parent7dbdf43cfa635ddc3701cc8d1eab07597cd731c0 (diff)
downloadlinux-sh-c22ce143d15eb288543fe9873e1c5ac1c01b69a1.tar.gz
[PATCH] x86: cache pollution aware __copy_from_user_ll()
Use the x86 cache-bypassing copy instructions for copy_from_user(). Some performance data are Total of GLOBAL_POWER_EVENTS (CPU cycle samples) 2.6.12.4.orig 1921587 2.6.12.4.nt 1599424 1599424/1921587=83.23% (16.77% reduction) BSQ_CACHE_REFERENCE (L3 cache miss) 2.6.12.4.orig 57427 2.6.12.4.nt 20858 20858/57427=36.32% (63.7% reduction) L3 cache miss reduction of __copy_from_user_ll samples % 37408 65.1412 vmlinux __copy_from_user_ll 23 0.1103 vmlinux __copy_user_zeroing_intel_nocache 23/37408=0.061% (99.94% reduction) Top 5 of 2.6.12.4.nt Counted GLOBAL_POWER_EVENTS events (time during which processor is not stopped) with a unit mask of 0x01 (mandatory) count 100000 samples % app name symbol name 128392 8.0274 vmlinux __copy_user_zeroing_intel_nocache 64206 4.0143 vmlinux journal_add_journal_head 59746 3.7355 vmlinux do_get_write_access 47674 2.9807 vmlinux journal_put_journal_head 46021 2.8774 vmlinux journal_dirty_metadata pattern9-0-cpu4-0-09011728/summary.out Counted BSQ_CACHE_REFERENCE events (cache references seen by the bus unit) with a unit mask of 0x3f (multiple flags) count 3000 samples % app name symbol name 69755 4.2861 vmlinux __copy_user_zeroing_intel_nocache 55685 3.4215 vmlinux journal_add_journal_head 52371 3.2179 vmlinux __find_get_block 45504 2.7960 vmlinux journal_put_journal_head 36005 2.2123 vmlinux journal_stop pattern9-0-cpu4-0-09011744/summary.out Counted BSQ_CACHE_REFERENCE events (cache references seen by the bus unit) with a unit mask of 0x200 (read 3rd level cache miss) count 3000 samples % app name symbol name 1147 5.4994 vmlinux journal_add_journal_head 881 4.2240 vmlinux journal_dirty_data 872 4.1809 vmlinux blk_rq_map_sg 734 3.5192 vmlinux journal_commit_transaction 617 2.9582 vmlinux radix_tree_delete pattern9-0-cpu4-0-09011731/summary.out iozone results are original 2.6.12.4 CPU time = 207.768 sec cache aware CPU time = 184.783 sec (three times run) 184.783/207.768=88.94% (11.06% reduction) original: pattern9-0-cpu4-0-08191720/iozone.out: CPU Utilization: Wall time 45.997 CPU time 64.527 CPU utilization 140.28 % pattern9-0-cpu4-0-08191741/iozone.out: CPU Utilization: Wall time 46.878 CPU time 71.933 CPU utilization 153.45 % pattern9-0-cpu4-0-08191743/iozone.out: CPU Utilization: Wall time 45.152 CPU time 71.308 CPU utilization 157.93 % cache awre: pattern9-0-cpu4-0-09011728/iozone.out: CPU Utilization: Wall time 44.842 CPU time 62.465 CPU utilization 139.30 % pattern9-0-cpu4-0-09011731/iozone.out: CPU Utilization: Wall time 44.718 CPU time 59.273 CPU utilization 132.55 % pattern9-0-cpu4-0-09011744/iozone.out: CPU Utilization: Wall time 44.367 CPU time 63.045 CPU utilization 142.10 % Signed-off-by: Hiro Yoshioka <hyoshiok@miraclelinux.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
-rw-r--r--arch/i386/lib/usercopy.c137
-rw-r--r--include/asm-i386/uaccess.h33
-rw-r--r--include/linux/uaccess.h22
-rw-r--r--mm/filemap.c4
-rw-r--r--mm/filemap.h6
5 files changed, 189 insertions, 13 deletions
diff --git a/arch/i386/lib/usercopy.c b/arch/i386/lib/usercopy.c
index 4cf981d70f45..6979297ce278 100644
--- a/arch/i386/lib/usercopy.c
+++ b/arch/i386/lib/usercopy.c
@@ -425,15 +425,121 @@ __copy_user_zeroing_intel(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long size)
: "eax", "edx", "memory");
return size;
}
+
+/*
+ * Non Temporal Hint version of __copy_user_zeroing_intel. It is cache aware.
+ * hyoshiok@miraclelinux.com
+ */
+
+static unsigned long __copy_user_zeroing_intel_nocache(void *to,
+ const void __user *from, unsigned long size)
+{
+ int d0, d1;
+
+ __asm__ __volatile__(
+ " .align 2,0x90\n"
+ "0: movl 32(%4), %%eax\n"
+ " cmpl $67, %0\n"
+ " jbe 2f\n"
+ "1: movl 64(%4), %%eax\n"
+ " .align 2,0x90\n"
+ "2: movl 0(%4), %%eax\n"
+ "21: movl 4(%4), %%edx\n"
+ " movnti %%eax, 0(%3)\n"
+ " movnti %%edx, 4(%3)\n"
+ "3: movl 8(%4), %%eax\n"
+ "31: movl 12(%4),%%edx\n"
+ " movnti %%eax, 8(%3)\n"
+ " movnti %%edx, 12(%3)\n"
+ "4: movl 16(%4), %%eax\n"
+ "41: movl 20(%4), %%edx\n"
+ " movnti %%eax, 16(%3)\n"
+ " movnti %%edx, 20(%3)\n"
+ "10: movl 24(%4), %%eax\n"
+ "51: movl 28(%4), %%edx\n"
+ " movnti %%eax, 24(%3)\n"
+ " movnti %%edx, 28(%3)\n"
+ "11: movl 32(%4), %%eax\n"
+ "61: movl 36(%4), %%edx\n"
+ " movnti %%eax, 32(%3)\n"
+ " movnti %%edx, 36(%3)\n"
+ "12: movl 40(%4), %%eax\n"
+ "71: movl 44(%4), %%edx\n"
+ " movnti %%eax, 40(%3)\n"
+ " movnti %%edx, 44(%3)\n"
+ "13: movl 48(%4), %%eax\n"
+ "81: movl 52(%4), %%edx\n"
+ " movnti %%eax, 48(%3)\n"
+ " movnti %%edx, 52(%3)\n"
+ "14: movl 56(%4), %%eax\n"
+ "91: movl 60(%4), %%edx\n"
+ " movnti %%eax, 56(%3)\n"
+ " movnti %%edx, 60(%3)\n"
+ " addl $-64, %0\n"
+ " addl $64, %4\n"
+ " addl $64, %3\n"
+ " cmpl $63, %0\n"
+ " ja 0b\n"
+ " sfence \n"
+ "5: movl %0, %%eax\n"
+ " shrl $2, %0\n"
+ " andl $3, %%eax\n"
+ " cld\n"
+ "6: rep; movsl\n"
+ " movl %%eax,%0\n"
+ "7: rep; movsb\n"
+ "8:\n"
+ ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n"
+ "9: lea 0(%%eax,%0,4),%0\n"
+ "16: pushl %0\n"
+ " pushl %%eax\n"
+ " xorl %%eax,%%eax\n"
+ " rep; stosb\n"
+ " popl %%eax\n"
+ " popl %0\n"
+ " jmp 8b\n"
+ ".previous\n"
+ ".section __ex_table,\"a\"\n"
+ " .align 4\n"
+ " .long 0b,16b\n"
+ " .long 1b,16b\n"
+ " .long 2b,16b\n"
+ " .long 21b,16b\n"
+ " .long 3b,16b\n"
+ " .long 31b,16b\n"
+ " .long 4b,16b\n"
+ " .long 41b,16b\n"
+ " .long 10b,16b\n"
+ " .long 51b,16b\n"
+ " .long 11b,16b\n"
+ " .long 61b,16b\n"
+ " .long 12b,16b\n"
+ " .long 71b,16b\n"
+ " .long 13b,16b\n"
+ " .long 81b,16b\n"
+ " .long 14b,16b\n"
+ " .long 91b,16b\n"
+ " .long 6b,9b\n"
+ " .long 7b,16b\n"
+ ".previous"
+ : "=&c"(size), "=&D" (d0), "=&S" (d1)
+ : "1"(to), "2"(from), "0"(size)
+ : "eax", "edx", "memory");
+ return size;
+}
+
#else
+
/*
* Leave these declared but undefined. They should not be any references to
* them
*/
-unsigned long
-__copy_user_zeroing_intel(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long size);
-unsigned long
-__copy_user_intel(void __user *to, const void *from, unsigned long size);
+unsigned long __copy_user_zeroing_intel(void *to, const void __user *from,
+ unsigned long size);
+unsigned long __copy_user_intel(void __user *to, const void *from,
+ unsigned long size);
+unsigned long __copy_user_zeroing_intel_nocache(void *to,
+ const void __user *from, unsigned long size);
#endif /* CONFIG_X86_INTEL_USERCOPY */
/* Generic arbitrary sized copy. */
@@ -515,8 +621,8 @@ do { \
: "memory"); \
} while (0)
-
-unsigned long __copy_to_user_ll(void __user *to, const void *from, unsigned long n)
+unsigned long __copy_to_user_ll(void __user *to, const void *from,
+ unsigned long n)
{
BUG_ON((long) n < 0);
#ifndef CONFIG_X86_WP_WORKS_OK
@@ -576,8 +682,8 @@ survive:
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__copy_to_user_ll);
-unsigned long
-__copy_from_user_ll(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n)
+unsigned long __copy_from_user_ll(void *to, const void __user *from,
+ unsigned long n)
{
BUG_ON((long)n < 0);
if (movsl_is_ok(to, from, n))
@@ -588,6 +694,21 @@ __copy_from_user_ll(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__copy_from_user_ll);
+unsigned long __copy_from_user_ll_nocache(void *to, const void __user *from,
+ unsigned long n)
+{
+ BUG_ON((long)n < 0);
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_USERCOPY
+ if ( n > 64 && cpu_has_xmm2)
+ n = __copy_user_zeroing_intel_nocache(to, from, n);
+ else
+ __copy_user_zeroing(to, from, n);
+#else
+ __copy_user_zeroing(to, from, n);
+#endif
+ return n;
+}
+
/**
* copy_to_user: - Copy a block of data into user space.
* @to: Destination address, in user space.
diff --git a/include/asm-i386/uaccess.h b/include/asm-i386/uaccess.h
index 1ec65523ea5e..82af28a943ab 100644
--- a/include/asm-i386/uaccess.h
+++ b/include/asm-i386/uaccess.h
@@ -390,6 +390,8 @@ unsigned long __must_check __copy_to_user_ll(void __user *to,
const void *from, unsigned long n);
unsigned long __must_check __copy_from_user_ll(void *to,
const void __user *from, unsigned long n);
+unsigned long __must_check __copy_from_user_ll_nocache(void *to,
+ const void __user *from, unsigned long n);
/*
* Here we special-case 1, 2 and 4-byte copy_*_user invocations. On a fault
@@ -478,12 +480,43 @@ __copy_from_user_inatomic(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n)
return __copy_from_user_ll(to, from, n);
}
+#define ARCH_HAS_NOCACHE_UACCESS
+
+static __always_inline unsigned long __copy_from_user_inatomic_nocache(void *to,
+ const void __user *from, unsigned long n)
+{
+ if (__builtin_constant_p(n)) {
+ unsigned long ret;
+
+ switch (n) {
+ case 1:
+ __get_user_size(*(u8 *)to, from, 1, ret, 1);
+ return ret;
+ case 2:
+ __get_user_size(*(u16 *)to, from, 2, ret, 2);
+ return ret;
+ case 4:
+ __get_user_size(*(u32 *)to, from, 4, ret, 4);
+ return ret;
+ }
+ }
+ return __copy_from_user_ll_nocache(to, from, n);
+}
+
static __always_inline unsigned long
__copy_from_user(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n)
{
might_sleep();
return __copy_from_user_inatomic(to, from, n);
}
+
+static __always_inline unsigned long
+__copy_from_user_nocache(void *to, const void __user *from, unsigned long n)
+{
+ might_sleep();
+ return __copy_from_user_inatomic_nocache(to, from, n);
+}
+
unsigned long __must_check copy_to_user(void __user *to,
const void *from, unsigned long n);
unsigned long __must_check copy_from_user(void *to,
diff --git a/include/linux/uaccess.h b/include/linux/uaccess.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..391e7ed1eb3f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/uaccess.h
@@ -0,0 +1,22 @@
+#ifndef __LINUX_UACCESS_H__
+#define __LINUX_UACCESS_H__
+
+#include <asm/uaccess.h>
+
+#ifndef ARCH_HAS_NOCACHE_UACCESS
+
+static inline unsigned long __copy_from_user_inatomic_nocache(void *to,
+ const void __user *from, unsigned long n)
+{
+ return __copy_from_user_inatomic(to, from, n);
+}
+
+static inline unsigned long __copy_from_user_nocache(void *to,
+ const void __user *from, unsigned long n)
+{
+ return __copy_from_user(to, from, n);
+}
+
+#endif /* ARCH_HAS_NOCACHE_UACCESS */
+
+#endif /* __LINUX_UACCESS_H__ */
diff --git a/mm/filemap.c b/mm/filemap.c
index 368678c2d531..807a463fd5ed 100644
--- a/mm/filemap.c
+++ b/mm/filemap.c
@@ -14,6 +14,7 @@
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/compiler.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/aio.h>
#include <linux/capability.h>
#include <linux/kernel_stat.h>
@@ -38,7 +39,6 @@
*/
#include <linux/buffer_head.h> /* for generic_osync_inode */
-#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/mman.h>
static ssize_t
@@ -1902,7 +1902,7 @@ __filemap_copy_from_user_iovec(char *vaddr,
int copy = min(bytes, iov->iov_len - base);
base = 0;
- left = __copy_from_user_inatomic(vaddr, buf, copy);
+ left = __copy_from_user_inatomic_nocache(vaddr, buf, copy);
copied += copy;
bytes -= copy;
vaddr += copy;
diff --git a/mm/filemap.h b/mm/filemap.h
index 13793ba0ce17..5683cde22055 100644
--- a/mm/filemap.h
+++ b/mm/filemap.h
@@ -13,7 +13,7 @@
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/uio.h>
#include <linux/config.h>
-#include <asm/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
size_t
__filemap_copy_from_user_iovec(char *vaddr,
@@ -34,13 +34,13 @@ filemap_copy_from_user(struct page *page, unsigned long offset,
int left;
kaddr = kmap_atomic(page, KM_USER0);
- left = __copy_from_user_inatomic(kaddr + offset, buf, bytes);
+ left = __copy_from_user_inatomic_nocache(kaddr + offset, buf, bytes);
kunmap_atomic(kaddr, KM_USER0);
if (left != 0) {
/* Do it the slow way */
kaddr = kmap(page);
- left = __copy_from_user(kaddr + offset, buf, bytes);
+ left = __copy_from_user_nocache(kaddr + offset, buf, bytes);
kunmap(page);
}
return bytes - left;