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authorGuo Ren <guoren@linux.alibaba.com>2020-04-01 09:17:02 +0800
committerGuo Ren <guoren@linux.alibaba.com>2020-04-03 11:14:17 +0800
commit33e53ae1ce413a081254e686d9b27cc1b3585e2f (patch)
treedd6ddbf5a1707f1d0351143cedc00147a465abf4 /arch/csky/kernel/probes/kprobes.c
parent000591f1ca3312d9a29e15a9e3fe5c4171f75586 (diff)
downloadlinux-sh-33e53ae1ce413a081254e686d9b27cc1b3585e2f.tar.gz
csky: Add kprobes supported
This patch enable kprobes, kretprobes, ftrace interface. It utilized software breakpoint and single step debug exceptions, instructions simulation on csky. We use USR_BKPT replace origin instruction, and the kprobe handler prepares an excutable memory slot for out-of-line execution with a copy of the original instruction being probed. Most of instructions could be executed by single-step, but some instructions need origin pc value to execute and we need software simulate these instructions. Signed-off-by: Guo Ren <guoren@linux.alibaba.com> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'arch/csky/kernel/probes/kprobes.c')
-rw-r--r--arch/csky/kernel/probes/kprobes.c499
1 files changed, 499 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/arch/csky/kernel/probes/kprobes.c b/arch/csky/kernel/probes/kprobes.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..f0f733b7ac5a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/csky/kernel/probes/kprobes.c
@@ -0,0 +1,499 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
+
+#include <linux/kprobes.h>
+#include <linux/extable.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/stop_machine.h>
+#include <asm/ptrace.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <asm/sections.h>
+#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
+
+#include "decode-insn.h"
+
+DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct kprobe *, current_kprobe) = NULL;
+DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct kprobe_ctlblk, kprobe_ctlblk);
+
+static void __kprobes
+post_kprobe_handler(struct kprobe_ctlblk *, struct pt_regs *);
+
+struct csky_insn_patch {
+ kprobe_opcode_t *addr;
+ u32 opcode;
+ atomic_t cpu_count;
+};
+
+static int __kprobes patch_text_cb(void *priv)
+{
+ struct csky_insn_patch *param = priv;
+ unsigned int addr = (unsigned int)param->addr;
+
+ if (atomic_inc_return(&param->cpu_count) == 1) {
+ *(u16 *) addr = cpu_to_le16(param->opcode);
+ dcache_wb_range(addr, addr + 2);
+ atomic_inc(&param->cpu_count);
+ } else {
+ while (atomic_read(&param->cpu_count) <= num_online_cpus())
+ cpu_relax();
+ }
+
+ icache_inv_range(addr, addr + 2);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int __kprobes patch_text(kprobe_opcode_t *addr, u32 opcode)
+{
+ struct csky_insn_patch param = { addr, opcode, ATOMIC_INIT(0) };
+
+ return stop_machine_cpuslocked(patch_text_cb, &param, cpu_online_mask);
+}
+
+static void __kprobes arch_prepare_ss_slot(struct kprobe *p)
+{
+ unsigned long offset = is_insn32(p->opcode) ? 4 : 2;
+
+ p->ainsn.api.restore = (unsigned long)p->addr + offset;
+
+ patch_text(p->ainsn.api.insn, p->opcode);
+}
+
+static void __kprobes arch_prepare_simulate(struct kprobe *p)
+{
+ p->ainsn.api.restore = 0;
+}
+
+static void __kprobes arch_simulate_insn(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb = get_kprobe_ctlblk();
+
+ if (p->ainsn.api.handler)
+ p->ainsn.api.handler((u32)p->opcode, (long)p->addr, regs);
+
+ post_kprobe_handler(kcb, regs);
+}
+
+int __kprobes arch_prepare_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
+{
+ unsigned long probe_addr = (unsigned long)p->addr;
+
+ if (probe_addr & 0x1) {
+ pr_warn("Address not aligned.\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ /* copy instruction */
+ p->opcode = le32_to_cpu(*p->addr);
+
+ /* decode instruction */
+ switch (csky_probe_decode_insn(p->addr, &p->ainsn.api)) {
+ case INSN_REJECTED: /* insn not supported */
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ case INSN_GOOD_NO_SLOT: /* insn need simulation */
+ p->ainsn.api.insn = NULL;
+ break;
+
+ case INSN_GOOD: /* instruction uses slot */
+ p->ainsn.api.insn = get_insn_slot();
+ if (!p->ainsn.api.insn)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ /* prepare the instruction */
+ if (p->ainsn.api.insn)
+ arch_prepare_ss_slot(p);
+ else
+ arch_prepare_simulate(p);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* install breakpoint in text */
+void __kprobes arch_arm_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
+{
+ patch_text(p->addr, USR_BKPT);
+}
+
+/* remove breakpoint from text */
+void __kprobes arch_disarm_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
+{
+ patch_text(p->addr, p->opcode);
+}
+
+void __kprobes arch_remove_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
+{
+}
+
+static void __kprobes save_previous_kprobe(struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb)
+{
+ kcb->prev_kprobe.kp = kprobe_running();
+ kcb->prev_kprobe.status = kcb->kprobe_status;
+}
+
+static void __kprobes restore_previous_kprobe(struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb)
+{
+ __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, kcb->prev_kprobe.kp);
+ kcb->kprobe_status = kcb->prev_kprobe.status;
+}
+
+static void __kprobes set_current_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
+{
+ __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, p);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Interrupts need to be disabled before single-step mode is set, and not
+ * reenabled until after single-step mode ends.
+ * Without disabling interrupt on local CPU, there is a chance of
+ * interrupt occurrence in the period of exception return and start of
+ * out-of-line single-step, that result in wrongly single stepping
+ * into the interrupt handler.
+ */
+static void __kprobes kprobes_save_local_irqflag(struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb,
+ struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ kcb->saved_sr = regs->sr;
+ regs->sr &= ~BIT(6);
+}
+
+static void __kprobes kprobes_restore_local_irqflag(struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb,
+ struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ regs->sr = kcb->saved_sr;
+}
+
+static void __kprobes
+set_ss_context(struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb, unsigned long addr, struct kprobe *p)
+{
+ unsigned long offset = is_insn32(p->opcode) ? 4 : 2;
+
+ kcb->ss_ctx.ss_pending = true;
+ kcb->ss_ctx.match_addr = addr + offset;
+}
+
+static void __kprobes clear_ss_context(struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb)
+{
+ kcb->ss_ctx.ss_pending = false;
+ kcb->ss_ctx.match_addr = 0;
+}
+
+#define TRACE_MODE_SI BIT(14)
+#define TRACE_MODE_MASK ~(0x3 << 14)
+#define TRACE_MODE_RUN 0
+
+static void __kprobes setup_singlestep(struct kprobe *p,
+ struct pt_regs *regs,
+ struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb, int reenter)
+{
+ unsigned long slot;
+
+ if (reenter) {
+ save_previous_kprobe(kcb);
+ set_current_kprobe(p);
+ kcb->kprobe_status = KPROBE_REENTER;
+ } else {
+ kcb->kprobe_status = KPROBE_HIT_SS;
+ }
+
+ if (p->ainsn.api.insn) {
+ /* prepare for single stepping */
+ slot = (unsigned long)p->ainsn.api.insn;
+
+ set_ss_context(kcb, slot, p); /* mark pending ss */
+
+ /* IRQs and single stepping do not mix well. */
+ kprobes_save_local_irqflag(kcb, regs);
+ regs->sr = (regs->sr & TRACE_MODE_MASK) | TRACE_MODE_SI;
+ instruction_pointer_set(regs, slot);
+ } else {
+ /* insn simulation */
+ arch_simulate_insn(p, regs);
+ }
+}
+
+static int __kprobes reenter_kprobe(struct kprobe *p,
+ struct pt_regs *regs,
+ struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb)
+{
+ switch (kcb->kprobe_status) {
+ case KPROBE_HIT_SSDONE:
+ case KPROBE_HIT_ACTIVE:
+ kprobes_inc_nmissed_count(p);
+ setup_singlestep(p, regs, kcb, 1);
+ break;
+ case KPROBE_HIT_SS:
+ case KPROBE_REENTER:
+ pr_warn("Unrecoverable kprobe detected.\n");
+ dump_kprobe(p);
+ BUG();
+ break;
+ default:
+ WARN_ON(1);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ return 1;
+}
+
+static void __kprobes
+post_kprobe_handler(struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ struct kprobe *cur = kprobe_running();
+
+ if (!cur)
+ return;
+
+ /* return addr restore if non-branching insn */
+ if (cur->ainsn.api.restore != 0)
+ regs->pc = cur->ainsn.api.restore;
+
+ /* restore back original saved kprobe variables and continue */
+ if (kcb->kprobe_status == KPROBE_REENTER) {
+ restore_previous_kprobe(kcb);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ /* call post handler */
+ kcb->kprobe_status = KPROBE_HIT_SSDONE;
+ if (cur->post_handler) {
+ /* post_handler can hit breakpoint and single step
+ * again, so we enable D-flag for recursive exception.
+ */
+ cur->post_handler(cur, regs, 0);
+ }
+
+ reset_current_kprobe();
+}
+
+int __kprobes kprobe_fault_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned int trapnr)
+{
+ struct kprobe *cur = kprobe_running();
+ struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb = get_kprobe_ctlblk();
+
+ switch (kcb->kprobe_status) {
+ case KPROBE_HIT_SS:
+ case KPROBE_REENTER:
+ /*
+ * We are here because the instruction being single
+ * stepped caused a page fault. We reset the current
+ * kprobe and the ip points back to the probe address
+ * and allow the page fault handler to continue as a
+ * normal page fault.
+ */
+ regs->pc = (unsigned long) cur->addr;
+ if (!instruction_pointer(regs))
+ BUG();
+
+ if (kcb->kprobe_status == KPROBE_REENTER)
+ restore_previous_kprobe(kcb);
+ else
+ reset_current_kprobe();
+
+ break;
+ case KPROBE_HIT_ACTIVE:
+ case KPROBE_HIT_SSDONE:
+ /*
+ * We increment the nmissed count for accounting,
+ * we can also use npre/npostfault count for accounting
+ * these specific fault cases.
+ */
+ kprobes_inc_nmissed_count(cur);
+
+ /*
+ * We come here because instructions in the pre/post
+ * handler caused the page_fault, this could happen
+ * if handler tries to access user space by
+ * copy_from_user(), get_user() etc. Let the
+ * user-specified handler try to fix it first.
+ */
+ if (cur->fault_handler && cur->fault_handler(cur, regs, trapnr))
+ return 1;
+
+ /*
+ * In case the user-specified fault handler returned
+ * zero, try to fix up.
+ */
+ if (fixup_exception(regs))
+ return 1;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int __kprobes
+kprobe_breakpoint_handler(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ struct kprobe *p, *cur_kprobe;
+ struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb;
+ unsigned long addr = instruction_pointer(regs);
+
+ kcb = get_kprobe_ctlblk();
+ cur_kprobe = kprobe_running();
+
+ p = get_kprobe((kprobe_opcode_t *) addr);
+
+ if (p) {
+ if (cur_kprobe) {
+ if (reenter_kprobe(p, regs, kcb))
+ return 1;
+ } else {
+ /* Probe hit */
+ set_current_kprobe(p);
+ kcb->kprobe_status = KPROBE_HIT_ACTIVE;
+
+ /*
+ * If we have no pre-handler or it returned 0, we
+ * continue with normal processing. If we have a
+ * pre-handler and it returned non-zero, it will
+ * modify the execution path and no need to single
+ * stepping. Let's just reset current kprobe and exit.
+ *
+ * pre_handler can hit a breakpoint and can step thru
+ * before return.
+ */
+ if (!p->pre_handler || !p->pre_handler(p, regs))
+ setup_singlestep(p, regs, kcb, 0);
+ else
+ reset_current_kprobe();
+ }
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * The breakpoint instruction was removed right
+ * after we hit it. Another cpu has removed
+ * either a probepoint or a debugger breakpoint
+ * at this address. In either case, no further
+ * handling of this interrupt is appropriate.
+ * Return back to original instruction, and continue.
+ */
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int __kprobes
+kprobe_single_step_handler(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb = get_kprobe_ctlblk();
+
+ if ((kcb->ss_ctx.ss_pending)
+ && (kcb->ss_ctx.match_addr == instruction_pointer(regs))) {
+ clear_ss_context(kcb); /* clear pending ss */
+
+ kprobes_restore_local_irqflag(kcb, regs);
+ regs->sr = (regs->sr & TRACE_MODE_MASK) | TRACE_MODE_RUN;
+
+ post_kprobe_handler(kcb, regs);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Provide a blacklist of symbols identifying ranges which cannot be kprobed.
+ * This blacklist is exposed to userspace via debugfs (kprobes/blacklist).
+ */
+int __init arch_populate_kprobe_blacklist(void)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = kprobe_add_area_blacklist((unsigned long)__irqentry_text_start,
+ (unsigned long)__irqentry_text_end);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+void __kprobes __used *trampoline_probe_handler(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ struct kretprobe_instance *ri = NULL;
+ struct hlist_head *head, empty_rp;
+ struct hlist_node *tmp;
+ unsigned long flags, orig_ret_address = 0;
+ unsigned long trampoline_address =
+ (unsigned long)&kretprobe_trampoline;
+ kprobe_opcode_t *correct_ret_addr = NULL;
+
+ INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&empty_rp);
+ kretprobe_hash_lock(current, &head, &flags);
+
+ /*
+ * It is possible to have multiple instances associated with a given
+ * task either because multiple functions in the call path have
+ * return probes installed on them, and/or more than one
+ * return probe was registered for a target function.
+ *
+ * We can handle this because:
+ * - instances are always pushed into the head of the list
+ * - when multiple return probes are registered for the same
+ * function, the (chronologically) first instance's ret_addr
+ * will be the real return address, and all the rest will
+ * point to kretprobe_trampoline.
+ */
+ hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, tmp, head, hlist) {
+ if (ri->task != current)
+ /* another task is sharing our hash bucket */
+ continue;
+
+ orig_ret_address = (unsigned long)ri->ret_addr;
+
+ if (orig_ret_address != trampoline_address)
+ /*
+ * This is the real return address. Any other
+ * instances associated with this task are for
+ * other calls deeper on the call stack
+ */
+ break;
+ }
+
+ kretprobe_assert(ri, orig_ret_address, trampoline_address);
+
+ correct_ret_addr = ri->ret_addr;
+ hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, tmp, head, hlist) {
+ if (ri->task != current)
+ /* another task is sharing our hash bucket */
+ continue;
+
+ orig_ret_address = (unsigned long)ri->ret_addr;
+ if (ri->rp && ri->rp->handler) {
+ __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, &ri->rp->kp);
+ get_kprobe_ctlblk()->kprobe_status = KPROBE_HIT_ACTIVE;
+ ri->ret_addr = correct_ret_addr;
+ ri->rp->handler(ri, regs);
+ __this_cpu_write(current_kprobe, NULL);
+ }
+
+ recycle_rp_inst(ri, &empty_rp);
+
+ if (orig_ret_address != trampoline_address)
+ /*
+ * This is the real return address. Any other
+ * instances associated with this task are for
+ * other calls deeper on the call stack
+ */
+ break;
+ }
+
+ kretprobe_hash_unlock(current, &flags);
+
+ hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, tmp, &empty_rp, hlist) {
+ hlist_del(&ri->hlist);
+ kfree(ri);
+ }
+ return (void *)orig_ret_address;
+}
+
+void __kprobes arch_prepare_kretprobe(struct kretprobe_instance *ri,
+ struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ ri->ret_addr = (kprobe_opcode_t *)regs->lr;
+ regs->lr = (unsigned long) &kretprobe_trampoline;
+}
+
+int __kprobes arch_trampoline_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int __init arch_init_kprobes(void)
+{
+ return 0;
+}