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authorDaniel Borkmann <dborkman@redhat.com>2014-09-02 22:53:44 +0200
committerDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>2014-09-05 12:02:48 -0700
commit60a3b2253c413cf601783b070507d7dd6620c954 (patch)
treed5682002b80cfeb75cb765df5ba097e7c889e9fe /kernel/bpf/core.c
parent4a804c01635a43ed073893532c058fbaa1f5154e (diff)
downloadlinux-sh-60a3b2253c413cf601783b070507d7dd6620c954.tar.gz
net: bpf: make eBPF interpreter images read-only
With eBPF getting more extended and exposure to user space is on it's way, hardening the memory range the interpreter uses to steer its command flow seems appropriate. This patch moves the to be interpreted bytecode to read-only pages. In case we execute a corrupted BPF interpreter image for some reason e.g. caused by an attacker which got past a verifier stage, it would not only provide arbitrary read/write memory access but arbitrary function calls as well. After setting up the BPF interpreter image, its contents do not change until destruction time, thus we can setup the image on immutable made pages in order to mitigate modifications to that code. The idea is derived from commit 314beb9bcabf ("x86: bpf_jit_comp: secure bpf jit against spraying attacks"). This is possible because bpf_prog is not part of sk_filter anymore. After setup bpf_prog cannot be altered during its life-time. This prevents any modifications to the entire bpf_prog structure (incl. function/JIT image pointer). Every eBPF program (including classic BPF that are migrated) have to call bpf_prog_select_runtime() to select either interpreter or a JIT image as a last setup step, and they all are being freed via bpf_prog_free(), including non-JIT. Therefore, we can easily integrate this into the eBPF life-time, plus since we directly allocate a bpf_prog, we have no performance penalty. Tested with seccomp and test_bpf testsuite in JIT/non-JIT mode and manual inspection of kernel_page_tables. Brad Spengler proposed the same idea via Twitter during development of this patch. Joint work with Hannes Frederic Sowa. Suggested-by: Brad Spengler <spender@grsecurity.net> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <dborkman@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Hannes Frederic Sowa <hannes@stressinduktion.org> Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel/bpf/core.c')
-rw-r--r--kernel/bpf/core.c80
1 files changed, 78 insertions, 2 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/core.c b/kernel/bpf/core.c
index 7f0dbcbb34af..b54bb2c2e494 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/core.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/core.c
@@ -22,6 +22,7 @@
*/
#include <linux/filter.h>
#include <linux/skbuff.h>
+#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
#include <asm/unaligned.h>
/* Registers */
@@ -63,6 +64,67 @@ void *bpf_internal_load_pointer_neg_helper(const struct sk_buff *skb, int k, uns
return NULL;
}
+struct bpf_prog *bpf_prog_alloc(unsigned int size, gfp_t gfp_extra_flags)
+{
+ gfp_t gfp_flags = GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_HIGHMEM | __GFP_ZERO |
+ gfp_extra_flags;
+ struct bpf_work_struct *ws;
+ struct bpf_prog *fp;
+
+ size = round_up(size, PAGE_SIZE);
+ fp = __vmalloc(size, gfp_flags, PAGE_KERNEL);
+ if (fp == NULL)
+ return NULL;
+
+ ws = kmalloc(sizeof(*ws), GFP_KERNEL | gfp_extra_flags);
+ if (ws == NULL) {
+ vfree(fp);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ fp->pages = size / PAGE_SIZE;
+ fp->work = ws;
+
+ return fp;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(bpf_prog_alloc);
+
+struct bpf_prog *bpf_prog_realloc(struct bpf_prog *fp_old, unsigned int size,
+ gfp_t gfp_extra_flags)
+{
+ gfp_t gfp_flags = GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_HIGHMEM | __GFP_ZERO |
+ gfp_extra_flags;
+ struct bpf_prog *fp;
+
+ BUG_ON(fp_old == NULL);
+
+ size = round_up(size, PAGE_SIZE);
+ if (size <= fp_old->pages * PAGE_SIZE)
+ return fp_old;
+
+ fp = __vmalloc(size, gfp_flags, PAGE_KERNEL);
+ if (fp != NULL) {
+ memcpy(fp, fp_old, fp_old->pages * PAGE_SIZE);
+ fp->pages = size / PAGE_SIZE;
+
+ /* We keep fp->work from fp_old around in the new
+ * reallocated structure.
+ */
+ fp_old->work = NULL;
+ __bpf_prog_free(fp_old);
+ }
+
+ return fp;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(bpf_prog_realloc);
+
+void __bpf_prog_free(struct bpf_prog *fp)
+{
+ kfree(fp->work);
+ vfree(fp);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__bpf_prog_free);
+
/* Base function for offset calculation. Needs to go into .text section,
* therefore keeping it non-static as well; will also be used by JITs
* anyway later on, so do not let the compiler omit it.
@@ -523,12 +585,26 @@ void bpf_prog_select_runtime(struct bpf_prog *fp)
/* Probe if internal BPF can be JITed */
bpf_int_jit_compile(fp);
+ /* Lock whole bpf_prog as read-only */
+ bpf_prog_lock_ro(fp);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(bpf_prog_select_runtime);
-/* free internal BPF program */
+static void bpf_prog_free_deferred(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+ struct bpf_work_struct *ws;
+
+ ws = container_of(work, struct bpf_work_struct, work);
+ bpf_jit_free(ws->prog);
+}
+
+/* Free internal BPF program */
void bpf_prog_free(struct bpf_prog *fp)
{
- bpf_jit_free(fp);
+ struct bpf_work_struct *ws = fp->work;
+
+ INIT_WORK(&ws->work, bpf_prog_free_deferred);
+ ws->prog = fp;
+ schedule_work(&ws->work);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(bpf_prog_free);