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authorPaul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>2015-10-07 16:05:21 -0700
committerPaul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>2015-10-07 16:05:21 -0700
commitd2856b046d2ce2bfb664727cb8671ad0e371bd6c (patch)
treecb9056e8fb6a3038db6629781dfefbac8387d0c2 /kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h
parent7f5f873c6a0772970d5fee1f364231207051ecd8 (diff)
parent338b0f760e84676130c6e4d8268cb8c923b38c8c (diff)
downloadlinux-sh-d2856b046d2ce2bfb664727cb8671ad0e371bd6c.tar.gz
Merge branches 'fixes.2015.10.06a' and 'exp.2015.10.07a' into HEAD
exp.2015.10.07a: Reduce OS jitter of RCU-sched expedited grace periods. fixes.2015.10.06a: Miscellaneous fixes.
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h')
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h427
1 files changed, 234 insertions, 193 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h b/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h
index 57ed9c13ae5a..630c19772630 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h
+++ b/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h
@@ -101,7 +101,6 @@ RCU_STATE_INITIALIZER(rcu_preempt, 'p', call_rcu);
static struct rcu_state *const rcu_state_p = &rcu_preempt_state;
static struct rcu_data __percpu *const rcu_data_p = &rcu_preempt_data;
-static int rcu_preempted_readers_exp(struct rcu_node *rnp);
static void rcu_report_exp_rnp(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_node *rnp,
bool wake);
@@ -114,6 +113,147 @@ static void __init rcu_bootup_announce(void)
rcu_bootup_announce_oddness();
}
+/* Flags for rcu_preempt_ctxt_queue() decision table. */
+#define RCU_GP_TASKS 0x8
+#define RCU_EXP_TASKS 0x4
+#define RCU_GP_BLKD 0x2
+#define RCU_EXP_BLKD 0x1
+
+/*
+ * Queues a task preempted within an RCU-preempt read-side critical
+ * section into the appropriate location within the ->blkd_tasks list,
+ * depending on the states of any ongoing normal and expedited grace
+ * periods. The ->gp_tasks pointer indicates which element the normal
+ * grace period is waiting on (NULL if none), and the ->exp_tasks pointer
+ * indicates which element the expedited grace period is waiting on (again,
+ * NULL if none). If a grace period is waiting on a given element in the
+ * ->blkd_tasks list, it also waits on all subsequent elements. Thus,
+ * adding a task to the tail of the list blocks any grace period that is
+ * already waiting on one of the elements. In contrast, adding a task
+ * to the head of the list won't block any grace period that is already
+ * waiting on one of the elements.
+ *
+ * This queuing is imprecise, and can sometimes make an ongoing grace
+ * period wait for a task that is not strictly speaking blocking it.
+ * Given the choice, we needlessly block a normal grace period rather than
+ * blocking an expedited grace period.
+ *
+ * Note that an endless sequence of expedited grace periods still cannot
+ * indefinitely postpone a normal grace period. Eventually, all of the
+ * fixed number of preempted tasks blocking the normal grace period that are
+ * not also blocking the expedited grace period will resume and complete
+ * their RCU read-side critical sections. At that point, the ->gp_tasks
+ * pointer will equal the ->exp_tasks pointer, at which point the end of
+ * the corresponding expedited grace period will also be the end of the
+ * normal grace period.
+ */
+static void rcu_preempt_ctxt_queue(struct rcu_node *rnp, struct rcu_data *rdp,
+ unsigned long flags) __releases(rnp->lock)
+{
+ int blkd_state = (rnp->gp_tasks ? RCU_GP_TASKS : 0) +
+ (rnp->exp_tasks ? RCU_EXP_TASKS : 0) +
+ (rnp->qsmask & rdp->grpmask ? RCU_GP_BLKD : 0) +
+ (rnp->expmask & rdp->grpmask ? RCU_EXP_BLKD : 0);
+ struct task_struct *t = current;
+
+ /*
+ * Decide where to queue the newly blocked task. In theory,
+ * this could be an if-statement. In practice, when I tried
+ * that, it was quite messy.
+ */
+ switch (blkd_state) {
+ case 0:
+ case RCU_EXP_TASKS:
+ case RCU_EXP_TASKS + RCU_GP_BLKD:
+ case RCU_GP_TASKS:
+ case RCU_GP_TASKS + RCU_EXP_TASKS:
+
+ /*
+ * Blocking neither GP, or first task blocking the normal
+ * GP but not blocking the already-waiting expedited GP.
+ * Queue at the head of the list to avoid unnecessarily
+ * blocking the already-waiting GPs.
+ */
+ list_add(&t->rcu_node_entry, &rnp->blkd_tasks);
+ break;
+
+ case RCU_EXP_BLKD:
+ case RCU_GP_BLKD:
+ case RCU_GP_BLKD + RCU_EXP_BLKD:
+ case RCU_GP_TASKS + RCU_EXP_BLKD:
+ case RCU_GP_TASKS + RCU_GP_BLKD + RCU_EXP_BLKD:
+ case RCU_GP_TASKS + RCU_EXP_TASKS + RCU_GP_BLKD + RCU_EXP_BLKD:
+
+ /*
+ * First task arriving that blocks either GP, or first task
+ * arriving that blocks the expedited GP (with the normal
+ * GP already waiting), or a task arriving that blocks
+ * both GPs with both GPs already waiting. Queue at the
+ * tail of the list to avoid any GP waiting on any of the
+ * already queued tasks that are not blocking it.
+ */
+ list_add_tail(&t->rcu_node_entry, &rnp->blkd_tasks);
+ break;
+
+ case RCU_EXP_TASKS + RCU_EXP_BLKD:
+ case RCU_EXP_TASKS + RCU_GP_BLKD + RCU_EXP_BLKD:
+ case RCU_GP_TASKS + RCU_EXP_TASKS + RCU_EXP_BLKD:
+
+ /*
+ * Second or subsequent task blocking the expedited GP.
+ * The task either does not block the normal GP, or is the
+ * first task blocking the normal GP. Queue just after
+ * the first task blocking the expedited GP.
+ */
+ list_add(&t->rcu_node_entry, rnp->exp_tasks);
+ break;
+
+ case RCU_GP_TASKS + RCU_GP_BLKD:
+ case RCU_GP_TASKS + RCU_EXP_TASKS + RCU_GP_BLKD:
+
+ /*
+ * Second or subsequent task blocking the normal GP.
+ * The task does not block the expedited GP. Queue just
+ * after the first task blocking the normal GP.
+ */
+ list_add(&t->rcu_node_entry, rnp->gp_tasks);
+ break;
+
+ default:
+
+ /* Yet another exercise in excessive paranoia. */
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
+ break;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * We have now queued the task. If it was the first one to
+ * block either grace period, update the ->gp_tasks and/or
+ * ->exp_tasks pointers, respectively, to reference the newly
+ * blocked tasks.
+ */
+ if (!rnp->gp_tasks && (blkd_state & RCU_GP_BLKD))
+ rnp->gp_tasks = &t->rcu_node_entry;
+ if (!rnp->exp_tasks && (blkd_state & RCU_EXP_BLKD))
+ rnp->exp_tasks = &t->rcu_node_entry;
+ raw_spin_unlock(&rnp->lock);
+
+ /*
+ * Report the quiescent state for the expedited GP. This expedited
+ * GP should not be able to end until we report, so there should be
+ * no need to check for a subsequent expedited GP. (Though we are
+ * still in a quiescent state in any case.)
+ */
+ if (blkd_state & RCU_EXP_BLKD &&
+ t->rcu_read_unlock_special.b.exp_need_qs) {
+ t->rcu_read_unlock_special.b.exp_need_qs = false;
+ rcu_report_exp_rdp(rdp->rsp, rdp, true);
+ } else {
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(t->rcu_read_unlock_special.b.exp_need_qs);
+ }
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+}
+
/*
* Record a preemptible-RCU quiescent state for the specified CPU. Note
* that this just means that the task currently running on the CPU is
@@ -125,11 +265,11 @@ static void __init rcu_bootup_announce(void)
*/
static void rcu_preempt_qs(void)
{
- if (!__this_cpu_read(rcu_data_p->passed_quiesce)) {
+ if (__this_cpu_read(rcu_data_p->cpu_no_qs.s)) {
trace_rcu_grace_period(TPS("rcu_preempt"),
__this_cpu_read(rcu_data_p->gpnum),
TPS("cpuqs"));
- __this_cpu_write(rcu_data_p->passed_quiesce, 1);
+ __this_cpu_write(rcu_data_p->cpu_no_qs.b.norm, false);
barrier(); /* Coordinate with rcu_preempt_check_callbacks(). */
current->rcu_read_unlock_special.b.need_qs = false;
}
@@ -167,42 +307,18 @@ static void rcu_preempt_note_context_switch(void)
t->rcu_blocked_node = rnp;
/*
- * If this CPU has already checked in, then this task
- * will hold up the next grace period rather than the
- * current grace period. Queue the task accordingly.
- * If the task is queued for the current grace period
- * (i.e., this CPU has not yet passed through a quiescent
- * state for the current grace period), then as long
- * as that task remains queued, the current grace period
- * cannot end. Note that there is some uncertainty as
- * to exactly when the current grace period started.
- * We take a conservative approach, which can result
- * in unnecessarily waiting on tasks that started very
- * slightly after the current grace period began. C'est
- * la vie!!!
- *
- * But first, note that the current CPU must still be
- * on line!
+ * Verify the CPU's sanity, trace the preemption, and
+ * then queue the task as required based on the states
+ * of any ongoing and expedited grace periods.
*/
WARN_ON_ONCE((rdp->grpmask & rcu_rnp_online_cpus(rnp)) == 0);
WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&t->rcu_node_entry));
- if ((rnp->qsmask & rdp->grpmask) && rnp->gp_tasks != NULL) {
- list_add(&t->rcu_node_entry, rnp->gp_tasks->prev);
- rnp->gp_tasks = &t->rcu_node_entry;
- if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_RCU_BOOST) &&
- rnp->boost_tasks != NULL)
- rnp->boost_tasks = rnp->gp_tasks;
- } else {
- list_add(&t->rcu_node_entry, &rnp->blkd_tasks);
- if (rnp->qsmask & rdp->grpmask)
- rnp->gp_tasks = &t->rcu_node_entry;
- }
trace_rcu_preempt_task(rdp->rsp->name,
t->pid,
(rnp->qsmask & rdp->grpmask)
? rnp->gpnum
: rnp->gpnum + 1);
- raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rnp->lock, flags);
+ rcu_preempt_ctxt_queue(rnp, rdp, flags);
} else if (t->rcu_read_lock_nesting < 0 &&
t->rcu_read_unlock_special.s) {
@@ -272,6 +388,7 @@ void rcu_read_unlock_special(struct task_struct *t)
unsigned long flags;
struct list_head *np;
bool drop_boost_mutex = false;
+ struct rcu_data *rdp;
struct rcu_node *rnp;
union rcu_special special;
@@ -282,8 +399,8 @@ void rcu_read_unlock_special(struct task_struct *t)
local_irq_save(flags);
/*
- * If RCU core is waiting for this CPU to exit critical section,
- * let it know that we have done so. Because irqs are disabled,
+ * If RCU core is waiting for this CPU to exit its critical section,
+ * report the fact that it has exited. Because irqs are disabled,
* t->rcu_read_unlock_special cannot change.
*/
special = t->rcu_read_unlock_special;
@@ -296,13 +413,32 @@ void rcu_read_unlock_special(struct task_struct *t)
}
}
+ /*
+ * Respond to a request for an expedited grace period, but only if
+ * we were not preempted, meaning that we were running on the same
+ * CPU throughout. If we were preempted, the exp_need_qs flag
+ * would have been cleared at the time of the first preemption,
+ * and the quiescent state would be reported when we were dequeued.
+ */
+ if (special.b.exp_need_qs) {
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(special.b.blocked);
+ t->rcu_read_unlock_special.b.exp_need_qs = false;
+ rdp = this_cpu_ptr(rcu_state_p->rda);
+ rcu_report_exp_rdp(rcu_state_p, rdp, true);
+ if (!t->rcu_read_unlock_special.s) {
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+ return;
+ }
+ }
+
/* Hardware IRQ handlers cannot block, complain if they get here. */
if (in_irq() || in_serving_softirq()) {
lockdep_rcu_suspicious(__FILE__, __LINE__,
"rcu_read_unlock() from irq or softirq with blocking in critical section!!!\n");
- pr_alert("->rcu_read_unlock_special: %#x (b: %d, nq: %d)\n",
+ pr_alert("->rcu_read_unlock_special: %#x (b: %d, enq: %d nq: %d)\n",
t->rcu_read_unlock_special.s,
t->rcu_read_unlock_special.b.blocked,
+ t->rcu_read_unlock_special.b.exp_need_qs,
t->rcu_read_unlock_special.b.need_qs);
local_irq_restore(flags);
return;
@@ -329,7 +465,7 @@ void rcu_read_unlock_special(struct task_struct *t)
raw_spin_unlock(&rnp->lock); /* irqs remain disabled. */
}
empty_norm = !rcu_preempt_blocked_readers_cgp(rnp);
- empty_exp = !rcu_preempted_readers_exp(rnp);
+ empty_exp = sync_rcu_preempt_exp_done(rnp);
smp_mb(); /* ensure expedited fastpath sees end of RCU c-s. */
np = rcu_next_node_entry(t, rnp);
list_del_init(&t->rcu_node_entry);
@@ -353,7 +489,7 @@ void rcu_read_unlock_special(struct task_struct *t)
* Note that rcu_report_unblock_qs_rnp() releases rnp->lock,
* so we must take a snapshot of the expedited state.
*/
- empty_exp_now = !rcu_preempted_readers_exp(rnp);
+ empty_exp_now = sync_rcu_preempt_exp_done(rnp);
if (!empty_norm && !rcu_preempt_blocked_readers_cgp(rnp)) {
trace_rcu_quiescent_state_report(TPS("preempt_rcu"),
rnp->gpnum,
@@ -450,6 +586,27 @@ static int rcu_print_task_stall(struct rcu_node *rnp)
}
/*
+ * Scan the current list of tasks blocked within RCU read-side critical
+ * sections, printing out the tid of each that is blocking the current
+ * expedited grace period.
+ */
+static int rcu_print_task_exp_stall(struct rcu_node *rnp)
+{
+ struct task_struct *t;
+ int ndetected = 0;
+
+ if (!rnp->exp_tasks)
+ return 0;
+ t = list_entry(rnp->exp_tasks->prev,
+ struct task_struct, rcu_node_entry);
+ list_for_each_entry_continue(t, &rnp->blkd_tasks, rcu_node_entry) {
+ pr_cont(" P%d", t->pid);
+ ndetected++;
+ }
+ return ndetected;
+}
+
+/*
* Check that the list of blocked tasks for the newly completed grace
* period is in fact empty. It is a serious bug to complete a grace
* period that still has RCU readers blocked! This function must be
@@ -483,8 +640,8 @@ static void rcu_preempt_check_callbacks(void)
return;
}
if (t->rcu_read_lock_nesting > 0 &&
- __this_cpu_read(rcu_data_p->qs_pending) &&
- !__this_cpu_read(rcu_data_p->passed_quiesce))
+ __this_cpu_read(rcu_data_p->core_needs_qs) &&
+ __this_cpu_read(rcu_data_p->cpu_no_qs.b.norm))
t->rcu_read_unlock_special.b.need_qs = true;
}
@@ -535,155 +692,41 @@ void synchronize_rcu(void)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(synchronize_rcu);
-static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(sync_rcu_preempt_exp_wq);
-
-/*
- * Return non-zero if there are any tasks in RCU read-side critical
- * sections blocking the current preemptible-RCU expedited grace period.
- * If there is no preemptible-RCU expedited grace period currently in
- * progress, returns zero unconditionally.
- */
-static int rcu_preempted_readers_exp(struct rcu_node *rnp)
-{
- return rnp->exp_tasks != NULL;
-}
-
-/*
- * return non-zero if there is no RCU expedited grace period in progress
- * for the specified rcu_node structure, in other words, if all CPUs and
- * tasks covered by the specified rcu_node structure have done their bit
- * for the current expedited grace period. Works only for preemptible
- * RCU -- other RCU implementation use other means.
- *
- * Caller must hold the root rcu_node's exp_funnel_mutex.
- */
-static int sync_rcu_preempt_exp_done(struct rcu_node *rnp)
-{
- return !rcu_preempted_readers_exp(rnp) &&
- READ_ONCE(rnp->expmask) == 0;
-}
-
-/*
- * Report the exit from RCU read-side critical section for the last task
- * that queued itself during or before the current expedited preemptible-RCU
- * grace period. This event is reported either to the rcu_node structure on
- * which the task was queued or to one of that rcu_node structure's ancestors,
- * recursively up the tree. (Calm down, calm down, we do the recursion
- * iteratively!)
- *
- * Caller must hold the root rcu_node's exp_funnel_mutex.
- */
-static void rcu_report_exp_rnp(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_node *rnp,
- bool wake)
-{
- unsigned long flags;
- unsigned long mask;
-
- raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rnp->lock, flags);
- smp_mb__after_unlock_lock();
- for (;;) {
- if (!sync_rcu_preempt_exp_done(rnp)) {
- raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rnp->lock, flags);
- break;
- }
- if (rnp->parent == NULL) {
- raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rnp->lock, flags);
- if (wake) {
- smp_mb(); /* EGP done before wake_up(). */
- wake_up(&sync_rcu_preempt_exp_wq);
- }
- break;
- }
- mask = rnp->grpmask;
- raw_spin_unlock(&rnp->lock); /* irqs remain disabled */
- rnp = rnp->parent;
- raw_spin_lock(&rnp->lock); /* irqs already disabled */
- smp_mb__after_unlock_lock();
- rnp->expmask &= ~mask;
- }
-}
-
/*
- * Snapshot the tasks blocking the newly started preemptible-RCU expedited
- * grace period for the specified rcu_node structure, phase 1. If there
- * are such tasks, set the ->expmask bits up the rcu_node tree and also
- * set the ->expmask bits on the leaf rcu_node structures to tell phase 2
- * that work is needed here.
- *
- * Caller must hold the root rcu_node's exp_funnel_mutex.
+ * Remote handler for smp_call_function_single(). If there is an
+ * RCU read-side critical section in effect, request that the
+ * next rcu_read_unlock() record the quiescent state up the
+ * ->expmask fields in the rcu_node tree. Otherwise, immediately
+ * report the quiescent state.
*/
-static void
-sync_rcu_preempt_exp_init1(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_node *rnp)
+static void sync_rcu_exp_handler(void *info)
{
- unsigned long flags;
- unsigned long mask;
- struct rcu_node *rnp_up;
-
- raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rnp->lock, flags);
- smp_mb__after_unlock_lock();
- WARN_ON_ONCE(rnp->expmask);
- WARN_ON_ONCE(rnp->exp_tasks);
- if (!rcu_preempt_has_tasks(rnp)) {
- /* No blocked tasks, nothing to do. */
- raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rnp->lock, flags);
- return;
- }
- /* Call for Phase 2 and propagate ->expmask bits up the tree. */
- rnp->expmask = 1;
- rnp_up = rnp;
- while (rnp_up->parent) {
- mask = rnp_up->grpmask;
- rnp_up = rnp_up->parent;
- if (rnp_up->expmask & mask)
- break;
- raw_spin_lock(&rnp_up->lock); /* irqs already off */
- smp_mb__after_unlock_lock();
- rnp_up->expmask |= mask;
- raw_spin_unlock(&rnp_up->lock); /* irqs still off */
- }
- raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rnp->lock, flags);
-}
-
-/*
- * Snapshot the tasks blocking the newly started preemptible-RCU expedited
- * grace period for the specified rcu_node structure, phase 2. If the
- * leaf rcu_node structure has its ->expmask field set, check for tasks.
- * If there are some, clear ->expmask and set ->exp_tasks accordingly,
- * then initiate RCU priority boosting. Otherwise, clear ->expmask and
- * invoke rcu_report_exp_rnp() to clear out the upper-level ->expmask bits,
- * enabling rcu_read_unlock_special() to do the bit-clearing.
- *
- * Caller must hold the root rcu_node's exp_funnel_mutex.
- */
-static void
-sync_rcu_preempt_exp_init2(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_node *rnp)
-{
- unsigned long flags;
-
- raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rnp->lock, flags);
- smp_mb__after_unlock_lock();
- if (!rnp->expmask) {
- /* Phase 1 didn't do anything, so Phase 2 doesn't either. */
- raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rnp->lock, flags);
- return;
- }
-
- /* Phase 1 is over. */
- rnp->expmask = 0;
+ struct rcu_data *rdp;
+ struct rcu_state *rsp = info;
+ struct task_struct *t = current;
/*
- * If there are still blocked tasks, set up ->exp_tasks so that
- * rcu_read_unlock_special() will wake us and then boost them.
+ * Within an RCU read-side critical section, request that the next
+ * rcu_read_unlock() report. Unless this RCU read-side critical
+ * section has already blocked, in which case it is already set
+ * up for the expedited grace period to wait on it.
*/
- if (rcu_preempt_has_tasks(rnp)) {
- rnp->exp_tasks = rnp->blkd_tasks.next;
- rcu_initiate_boost(rnp, flags); /* releases rnp->lock */
+ if (t->rcu_read_lock_nesting > 0 &&
+ !t->rcu_read_unlock_special.b.blocked) {
+ t->rcu_read_unlock_special.b.exp_need_qs = true;
return;
}
- /* No longer any blocked tasks, so undo bit setting. */
- raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rnp->lock, flags);
- rcu_report_exp_rnp(rsp, rnp, false);
+ /*
+ * We are either exiting an RCU read-side critical section (negative
+ * values of t->rcu_read_lock_nesting) or are not in one at all
+ * (zero value of t->rcu_read_lock_nesting). Or we are in an RCU
+ * read-side critical section that blocked before this expedited
+ * grace period started. Either way, we can immediately report
+ * the quiescent state.
+ */
+ rdp = this_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda);
+ rcu_report_exp_rdp(rsp, rdp, true);
}
/**
@@ -713,24 +756,12 @@ void synchronize_rcu_expedited(void)
rcu_exp_gp_seq_start(rsp);
- /* force all RCU readers onto ->blkd_tasks lists. */
- synchronize_sched_expedited();
-
- /*
- * Snapshot current state of ->blkd_tasks lists into ->expmask.
- * Phase 1 sets bits and phase 2 permits rcu_read_unlock_special()
- * to start clearing them. Doing this in one phase leads to
- * strange races between setting and clearing bits, so just say "no"!
- */
- rcu_for_each_leaf_node(rsp, rnp)
- sync_rcu_preempt_exp_init1(rsp, rnp);
- rcu_for_each_leaf_node(rsp, rnp)
- sync_rcu_preempt_exp_init2(rsp, rnp);
+ /* Initialize the rcu_node tree in preparation for the wait. */
+ sync_rcu_exp_select_cpus(rsp, sync_rcu_exp_handler);
/* Wait for snapshotted ->blkd_tasks lists to drain. */
rnp = rcu_get_root(rsp);
- wait_event(sync_rcu_preempt_exp_wq,
- sync_rcu_preempt_exp_done(rnp));
+ synchronize_sched_expedited_wait(rsp);
/* Clean up and exit. */
rcu_exp_gp_seq_end(rsp);
@@ -835,6 +866,16 @@ static int rcu_print_task_stall(struct rcu_node *rnp)
}
/*
+ * Because preemptible RCU does not exist, we never have to check for
+ * tasks blocked within RCU read-side critical sections that are
+ * blocking the current expedited grace period.
+ */
+static int rcu_print_task_exp_stall(struct rcu_node *rnp)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
* Because there is no preemptible RCU, there can be no readers blocked,
* so there is no need to check for blocked tasks. So check only for
* bogus qsmask values.