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authorAlexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com>2014-11-13 17:36:45 -0800
committerDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>2014-11-18 13:43:25 -0500
commit0f8e4bd8a1fc8c4185f1630061d0a1f2d197a475 (patch)
tree8f78f12dad4d5188019cba0456186ecced42c073 /kernel
parent3274f52073d88b62f3c5ace82ae9d48546232e72 (diff)
downloadlinux-sh-0f8e4bd8a1fc8c4185f1630061d0a1f2d197a475.tar.gz
bpf: add hashtable type of eBPF maps
add new map type BPF_MAP_TYPE_HASH and its implementation - maps are created/destroyed by userspace. Both userspace and eBPF programs can lookup/update/delete elements from the map - eBPF programs can be called in_irq(), so use spin_lock_irqsave() mechanism for concurrent updates - key/value are opaque range of bytes (aligned to 8 bytes) - user space provides 3 configuration attributes via BPF syscall: key_size, value_size, max_entries - map takes care of allocating/freeing key/value pairs - map_update_elem() must fail to insert new element when max_entries limit is reached to make sure that eBPF programs cannot exhaust memory - map_update_elem() replaces elements in an atomic way - optimized for speed of lookup() which can be called multiple times from eBPF program which itself is triggered by high volume of events . in the future JIT compiler may recognize lookup() call and optimize it further, since key_size is constant for life of eBPF program Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel')
-rw-r--r--kernel/bpf/Makefile2
-rw-r--r--kernel/bpf/hashtab.c362
2 files changed, 363 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/Makefile b/kernel/bpf/Makefile
index 0daf7f6ae7df..2c0ec7f9da78 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/Makefile
+++ b/kernel/bpf/Makefile
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
obj-y := core.o
-obj-$(CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL) += syscall.o verifier.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL) += syscall.o verifier.o hashtab.o
ifdef CONFIG_TEST_BPF
obj-$(CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL) += test_stub.o
endif
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/hashtab.c b/kernel/bpf/hashtab.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..d234a012f046
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/bpf/hashtab.c
@@ -0,0 +1,362 @@
+/* Copyright (c) 2011-2014 PLUMgrid, http://plumgrid.com
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of version 2 of the GNU General Public
+ * License as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+ * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
+ * General Public License for more details.
+ */
+#include <linux/bpf.h>
+#include <linux/jhash.h>
+#include <linux/filter.h>
+#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
+
+struct bpf_htab {
+ struct bpf_map map;
+ struct hlist_head *buckets;
+ spinlock_t lock;
+ u32 count; /* number of elements in this hashtable */
+ u32 n_buckets; /* number of hash buckets */
+ u32 elem_size; /* size of each element in bytes */
+};
+
+/* each htab element is struct htab_elem + key + value */
+struct htab_elem {
+ struct hlist_node hash_node;
+ struct rcu_head rcu;
+ u32 hash;
+ char key[0] __aligned(8);
+};
+
+/* Called from syscall */
+static struct bpf_map *htab_map_alloc(union bpf_attr *attr)
+{
+ struct bpf_htab *htab;
+ int err, i;
+
+ htab = kzalloc(sizeof(*htab), GFP_USER);
+ if (!htab)
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+ /* mandatory map attributes */
+ htab->map.key_size = attr->key_size;
+ htab->map.value_size = attr->value_size;
+ htab->map.max_entries = attr->max_entries;
+
+ /* check sanity of attributes.
+ * value_size == 0 may be allowed in the future to use map as a set
+ */
+ err = -EINVAL;
+ if (htab->map.max_entries == 0 || htab->map.key_size == 0 ||
+ htab->map.value_size == 0)
+ goto free_htab;
+
+ /* hash table size must be power of 2 */
+ htab->n_buckets = roundup_pow_of_two(htab->map.max_entries);
+
+ err = -E2BIG;
+ if (htab->map.key_size > MAX_BPF_STACK)
+ /* eBPF programs initialize keys on stack, so they cannot be
+ * larger than max stack size
+ */
+ goto free_htab;
+
+ err = -ENOMEM;
+ htab->buckets = kmalloc_array(htab->n_buckets, sizeof(struct hlist_head),
+ GFP_USER | __GFP_NOWARN);
+
+ if (!htab->buckets) {
+ htab->buckets = vmalloc(htab->n_buckets * sizeof(struct hlist_head));
+ if (!htab->buckets)
+ goto free_htab;
+ }
+
+ for (i = 0; i < htab->n_buckets; i++)
+ INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&htab->buckets[i]);
+
+ spin_lock_init(&htab->lock);
+ htab->count = 0;
+
+ htab->elem_size = sizeof(struct htab_elem) +
+ round_up(htab->map.key_size, 8) +
+ htab->map.value_size;
+ return &htab->map;
+
+free_htab:
+ kfree(htab);
+ return ERR_PTR(err);
+}
+
+static inline u32 htab_map_hash(const void *key, u32 key_len)
+{
+ return jhash(key, key_len, 0);
+}
+
+static inline struct hlist_head *select_bucket(struct bpf_htab *htab, u32 hash)
+{
+ return &htab->buckets[hash & (htab->n_buckets - 1)];
+}
+
+static struct htab_elem *lookup_elem_raw(struct hlist_head *head, u32 hash,
+ void *key, u32 key_size)
+{
+ struct htab_elem *l;
+
+ hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(l, head, hash_node)
+ if (l->hash == hash && !memcmp(&l->key, key, key_size))
+ return l;
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+/* Called from syscall or from eBPF program */
+static void *htab_map_lookup_elem(struct bpf_map *map, void *key)
+{
+ struct bpf_htab *htab = container_of(map, struct bpf_htab, map);
+ struct hlist_head *head;
+ struct htab_elem *l;
+ u32 hash, key_size;
+
+ /* Must be called with rcu_read_lock. */
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_read_lock_held());
+
+ key_size = map->key_size;
+
+ hash = htab_map_hash(key, key_size);
+
+ head = select_bucket(htab, hash);
+
+ l = lookup_elem_raw(head, hash, key, key_size);
+
+ if (l)
+ return l->key + round_up(map->key_size, 8);
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+/* Called from syscall */
+static int htab_map_get_next_key(struct bpf_map *map, void *key, void *next_key)
+{
+ struct bpf_htab *htab = container_of(map, struct bpf_htab, map);
+ struct hlist_head *head;
+ struct htab_elem *l, *next_l;
+ u32 hash, key_size;
+ int i;
+
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_read_lock_held());
+
+ key_size = map->key_size;
+
+ hash = htab_map_hash(key, key_size);
+
+ head = select_bucket(htab, hash);
+
+ /* lookup the key */
+ l = lookup_elem_raw(head, hash, key, key_size);
+
+ if (!l) {
+ i = 0;
+ goto find_first_elem;
+ }
+
+ /* key was found, get next key in the same bucket */
+ next_l = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_next_rcu(&l->hash_node)),
+ struct htab_elem, hash_node);
+
+ if (next_l) {
+ /* if next elem in this hash list is non-zero, just return it */
+ memcpy(next_key, next_l->key, key_size);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ /* no more elements in this hash list, go to the next bucket */
+ i = hash & (htab->n_buckets - 1);
+ i++;
+
+find_first_elem:
+ /* iterate over buckets */
+ for (; i < htab->n_buckets; i++) {
+ head = select_bucket(htab, i);
+
+ /* pick first element in the bucket */
+ next_l = hlist_entry_safe(rcu_dereference_raw(hlist_first_rcu(head)),
+ struct htab_elem, hash_node);
+ if (next_l) {
+ /* if it's not empty, just return it */
+ memcpy(next_key, next_l->key, key_size);
+ return 0;
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* itereated over all buckets and all elements */
+ return -ENOENT;
+}
+
+/* Called from syscall or from eBPF program */
+static int htab_map_update_elem(struct bpf_map *map, void *key, void *value,
+ u64 map_flags)
+{
+ struct bpf_htab *htab = container_of(map, struct bpf_htab, map);
+ struct htab_elem *l_new, *l_old;
+ struct hlist_head *head;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ u32 key_size;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (map_flags > BPF_EXIST)
+ /* unknown flags */
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_read_lock_held());
+
+ /* allocate new element outside of lock */
+ l_new = kmalloc(htab->elem_size, GFP_ATOMIC);
+ if (!l_new)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ key_size = map->key_size;
+
+ memcpy(l_new->key, key, key_size);
+ memcpy(l_new->key + round_up(key_size, 8), value, map->value_size);
+
+ l_new->hash = htab_map_hash(l_new->key, key_size);
+
+ /* bpf_map_update_elem() can be called in_irq() */
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&htab->lock, flags);
+
+ head = select_bucket(htab, l_new->hash);
+
+ l_old = lookup_elem_raw(head, l_new->hash, key, key_size);
+
+ if (!l_old && unlikely(htab->count >= map->max_entries)) {
+ /* if elem with this 'key' doesn't exist and we've reached
+ * max_entries limit, fail insertion of new elem
+ */
+ ret = -E2BIG;
+ goto err;
+ }
+
+ if (l_old && map_flags == BPF_NOEXIST) {
+ /* elem already exists */
+ ret = -EEXIST;
+ goto err;
+ }
+
+ if (!l_old && map_flags == BPF_EXIST) {
+ /* elem doesn't exist, cannot update it */
+ ret = -ENOENT;
+ goto err;
+ }
+
+ /* add new element to the head of the list, so that concurrent
+ * search will find it before old elem
+ */
+ hlist_add_head_rcu(&l_new->hash_node, head);
+ if (l_old) {
+ hlist_del_rcu(&l_old->hash_node);
+ kfree_rcu(l_old, rcu);
+ } else {
+ htab->count++;
+ }
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&htab->lock, flags);
+
+ return 0;
+err:
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&htab->lock, flags);
+ kfree(l_new);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/* Called from syscall or from eBPF program */
+static int htab_map_delete_elem(struct bpf_map *map, void *key)
+{
+ struct bpf_htab *htab = container_of(map, struct bpf_htab, map);
+ struct hlist_head *head;
+ struct htab_elem *l;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ u32 hash, key_size;
+ int ret = -ENOENT;
+
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_read_lock_held());
+
+ key_size = map->key_size;
+
+ hash = htab_map_hash(key, key_size);
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&htab->lock, flags);
+
+ head = select_bucket(htab, hash);
+
+ l = lookup_elem_raw(head, hash, key, key_size);
+
+ if (l) {
+ hlist_del_rcu(&l->hash_node);
+ htab->count--;
+ kfree_rcu(l, rcu);
+ ret = 0;
+ }
+
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&htab->lock, flags);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void delete_all_elements(struct bpf_htab *htab)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < htab->n_buckets; i++) {
+ struct hlist_head *head = select_bucket(htab, i);
+ struct hlist_node *n;
+ struct htab_elem *l;
+
+ hlist_for_each_entry_safe(l, n, head, hash_node) {
+ hlist_del_rcu(&l->hash_node);
+ htab->count--;
+ kfree(l);
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+/* Called when map->refcnt goes to zero, either from workqueue or from syscall */
+static void htab_map_free(struct bpf_map *map)
+{
+ struct bpf_htab *htab = container_of(map, struct bpf_htab, map);
+
+ /* at this point bpf_prog->aux->refcnt == 0 and this map->refcnt == 0,
+ * so the programs (can be more than one that used this map) were
+ * disconnected from events. Wait for outstanding critical sections in
+ * these programs to complete
+ */
+ synchronize_rcu();
+
+ /* some of kfree_rcu() callbacks for elements of this map may not have
+ * executed. It's ok. Proceed to free residual elements and map itself
+ */
+ delete_all_elements(htab);
+ kvfree(htab->buckets);
+ kfree(htab);
+}
+
+static struct bpf_map_ops htab_ops = {
+ .map_alloc = htab_map_alloc,
+ .map_free = htab_map_free,
+ .map_get_next_key = htab_map_get_next_key,
+ .map_lookup_elem = htab_map_lookup_elem,
+ .map_update_elem = htab_map_update_elem,
+ .map_delete_elem = htab_map_delete_elem,
+};
+
+static struct bpf_map_type_list tl = {
+ .ops = &htab_ops,
+ .type = BPF_MAP_TYPE_HASH,
+};
+
+static int __init register_htab_map(void)
+{
+ bpf_register_map_type(&tl);
+ return 0;
+}
+late_initcall(register_htab_map);