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authorPaul Jackson <pj@sgi.com>2006-03-24 03:16:03 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@g5.osdl.org>2006-03-24 07:33:22 -0800
commit825a46af5ac171f9f41f794a0a00165588ba1589 (patch)
treeb690fe9d809d7b047f0393097fc79892e1217d98 /kernel
parent8a39cc60bfa5a72f32d975729a354daca124f6de (diff)
downloadlinux-sh-825a46af5ac171f9f41f794a0a00165588ba1589.tar.gz
[PATCH] cpuset memory spread basic implementation
This patch provides the implementation and cpuset interface for an alternative memory allocation policy that can be applied to certain kinds of memory allocations, such as the page cache (file system buffers) and some slab caches (such as inode caches). The policy is called "memory spreading." If enabled, it spreads out these kinds of memory allocations over all the nodes allowed to a task, instead of preferring to place them on the node where the task is executing. All other kinds of allocations, including anonymous pages for a tasks stack and data regions, are not affected by this policy choice, and continue to be allocated preferring the node local to execution, as modified by the NUMA mempolicy. There are two boolean flag files per cpuset that control where the kernel allocates pages for the file system buffers and related in kernel data structures. They are called 'memory_spread_page' and 'memory_spread_slab'. If the per-cpuset boolean flag file 'memory_spread_page' is set, then the kernel will spread the file system buffers (page cache) evenly over all the nodes that the faulting task is allowed to use, instead of preferring to put those pages on the node where the task is running. If the per-cpuset boolean flag file 'memory_spread_slab' is set, then the kernel will spread some file system related slab caches, such as for inodes and dentries evenly over all the nodes that the faulting task is allowed to use, instead of preferring to put those pages on the node where the task is running. The implementation is simple. Setting the cpuset flags 'memory_spread_page' or 'memory_spread_cache' turns on the per-process flags PF_SPREAD_PAGE or PF_SPREAD_SLAB, respectively, for each task that is in the cpuset or subsequently joins that cpuset. In subsequent patches, the page allocation calls for the affected page cache and slab caches are modified to perform an inline check for these flags, and if set, a call to a new routine cpuset_mem_spread_node() returns the node to prefer for the allocation. The cpuset_mem_spread_node() routine is also simple. It uses the value of a per-task rotor cpuset_mem_spread_rotor to select the next node in the current tasks mems_allowed to prefer for the allocation. This policy can provide substantial improvements for jobs that need to place thread local data on the corresponding node, but that need to access large file system data sets that need to be spread across the several nodes in the jobs cpuset in order to fit. Without this patch, especially for jobs that might have one thread reading in the data set, the memory allocation across the nodes in the jobs cpuset can become very uneven. A couple of Copyright year ranges are updated as well. And a couple of email addresses that can be found in the MAINTAINERS file are removed. Signed-off-by: Paul Jackson <pj@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel')
-rw-r--r--kernel/cpuset.c104
1 files changed, 98 insertions, 6 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/cpuset.c b/kernel/cpuset.c
index 44d13c246e5c..38f18b33de6c 100644
--- a/kernel/cpuset.c
+++ b/kernel/cpuset.c
@@ -4,15 +4,14 @@
* Processor and Memory placement constraints for sets of tasks.
*
* Copyright (C) 2003 BULL SA.
- * Copyright (C) 2004 Silicon Graphics, Inc.
+ * Copyright (C) 2004-2006 Silicon Graphics, Inc.
*
* Portions derived from Patrick Mochel's sysfs code.
* sysfs is Copyright (c) 2001-3 Patrick Mochel
- * Portions Copyright (c) 2004 Silicon Graphics, Inc.
*
- * 2003-10-10 Written by Simon Derr <simon.derr@bull.net>
+ * 2003-10-10 Written by Simon Derr.
* 2003-10-22 Updates by Stephen Hemminger.
- * 2004 May-July Rework by Paul Jackson <pj@sgi.com>
+ * 2004 May-July Rework by Paul Jackson.
*
* This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public
* License. See the file COPYING in the main directory of the Linux
@@ -108,7 +107,9 @@ typedef enum {
CS_MEM_EXCLUSIVE,
CS_MEMORY_MIGRATE,
CS_REMOVED,
- CS_NOTIFY_ON_RELEASE
+ CS_NOTIFY_ON_RELEASE,
+ CS_SPREAD_PAGE,
+ CS_SPREAD_SLAB,
} cpuset_flagbits_t;
/* convenient tests for these bits */
@@ -137,6 +138,16 @@ static inline int is_memory_migrate(const struct cpuset *cs)
return test_bit(CS_MEMORY_MIGRATE, &cs->flags);
}
+static inline int is_spread_page(const struct cpuset *cs)
+{
+ return test_bit(CS_SPREAD_PAGE, &cs->flags);
+}
+
+static inline int is_spread_slab(const struct cpuset *cs)
+{
+ return test_bit(CS_SPREAD_SLAB, &cs->flags);
+}
+
/*
* Increment this atomic integer everytime any cpuset changes its
* mems_allowed value. Users of cpusets can track this generation
@@ -657,6 +668,14 @@ void cpuset_update_task_memory_state(void)
cs = tsk->cpuset; /* Maybe changed when task not locked */
guarantee_online_mems(cs, &tsk->mems_allowed);
tsk->cpuset_mems_generation = cs->mems_generation;
+ if (is_spread_page(cs))
+ tsk->flags |= PF_SPREAD_PAGE;
+ else
+ tsk->flags &= ~PF_SPREAD_PAGE;
+ if (is_spread_slab(cs))
+ tsk->flags |= PF_SPREAD_SLAB;
+ else
+ tsk->flags &= ~PF_SPREAD_SLAB;
task_unlock(tsk);
mutex_unlock(&callback_mutex);
mpol_rebind_task(tsk, &tsk->mems_allowed);
@@ -956,7 +975,8 @@ static int update_memory_pressure_enabled(struct cpuset *cs, char *buf)
/*
* update_flag - read a 0 or a 1 in a file and update associated flag
* bit: the bit to update (CS_CPU_EXCLUSIVE, CS_MEM_EXCLUSIVE,
- * CS_NOTIFY_ON_RELEASE, CS_MEMORY_MIGRATE)
+ * CS_NOTIFY_ON_RELEASE, CS_MEMORY_MIGRATE,
+ * CS_SPREAD_PAGE, CS_SPREAD_SLAB)
* cs: the cpuset to update
* buf: the buffer where we read the 0 or 1
*
@@ -1187,6 +1207,8 @@ typedef enum {
FILE_NOTIFY_ON_RELEASE,
FILE_MEMORY_PRESSURE_ENABLED,
FILE_MEMORY_PRESSURE,
+ FILE_SPREAD_PAGE,
+ FILE_SPREAD_SLAB,
FILE_TASKLIST,
} cpuset_filetype_t;
@@ -1246,6 +1268,14 @@ static ssize_t cpuset_common_file_write(struct file *file, const char __user *us
case FILE_MEMORY_PRESSURE:
retval = -EACCES;
break;
+ case FILE_SPREAD_PAGE:
+ retval = update_flag(CS_SPREAD_PAGE, cs, buffer);
+ cs->mems_generation = atomic_inc_return(&cpuset_mems_generation);
+ break;
+ case FILE_SPREAD_SLAB:
+ retval = update_flag(CS_SPREAD_SLAB, cs, buffer);
+ cs->mems_generation = atomic_inc_return(&cpuset_mems_generation);
+ break;
case FILE_TASKLIST:
retval = attach_task(cs, buffer, &pathbuf);
break;
@@ -1355,6 +1385,12 @@ static ssize_t cpuset_common_file_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
case FILE_MEMORY_PRESSURE:
s += sprintf(s, "%d", fmeter_getrate(&cs->fmeter));
break;
+ case FILE_SPREAD_PAGE:
+ *s++ = is_spread_page(cs) ? '1' : '0';
+ break;
+ case FILE_SPREAD_SLAB:
+ *s++ = is_spread_slab(cs) ? '1' : '0';
+ break;
default:
retval = -EINVAL;
goto out;
@@ -1718,6 +1754,16 @@ static struct cftype cft_memory_pressure = {
.private = FILE_MEMORY_PRESSURE,
};
+static struct cftype cft_spread_page = {
+ .name = "memory_spread_page",
+ .private = FILE_SPREAD_PAGE,
+};
+
+static struct cftype cft_spread_slab = {
+ .name = "memory_spread_slab",
+ .private = FILE_SPREAD_SLAB,
+};
+
static int cpuset_populate_dir(struct dentry *cs_dentry)
{
int err;
@@ -1736,6 +1782,10 @@ static int cpuset_populate_dir(struct dentry *cs_dentry)
return err;
if ((err = cpuset_add_file(cs_dentry, &cft_memory_pressure)) < 0)
return err;
+ if ((err = cpuset_add_file(cs_dentry, &cft_spread_page)) < 0)
+ return err;
+ if ((err = cpuset_add_file(cs_dentry, &cft_spread_slab)) < 0)
+ return err;
if ((err = cpuset_add_file(cs_dentry, &cft_tasks)) < 0)
return err;
return 0;
@@ -1764,6 +1814,10 @@ static long cpuset_create(struct cpuset *parent, const char *name, int mode)
cs->flags = 0;
if (notify_on_release(parent))
set_bit(CS_NOTIFY_ON_RELEASE, &cs->flags);
+ if (is_spread_page(parent))
+ set_bit(CS_SPREAD_PAGE, &cs->flags);
+ if (is_spread_slab(parent))
+ set_bit(CS_SPREAD_SLAB, &cs->flags);
cs->cpus_allowed = CPU_MASK_NONE;
cs->mems_allowed = NODE_MASK_NONE;
atomic_set(&cs->count, 0);
@@ -2201,6 +2255,44 @@ void cpuset_unlock(void)
}
/**
+ * cpuset_mem_spread_node() - On which node to begin search for a page
+ *
+ * If a task is marked PF_SPREAD_PAGE or PF_SPREAD_SLAB (as for
+ * tasks in a cpuset with is_spread_page or is_spread_slab set),
+ * and if the memory allocation used cpuset_mem_spread_node()
+ * to determine on which node to start looking, as it will for
+ * certain page cache or slab cache pages such as used for file
+ * system buffers and inode caches, then instead of starting on the
+ * local node to look for a free page, rather spread the starting
+ * node around the tasks mems_allowed nodes.
+ *
+ * We don't have to worry about the returned node being offline
+ * because "it can't happen", and even if it did, it would be ok.
+ *
+ * The routines calling guarantee_online_mems() are careful to
+ * only set nodes in task->mems_allowed that are online. So it
+ * should not be possible for the following code to return an
+ * offline node. But if it did, that would be ok, as this routine
+ * is not returning the node where the allocation must be, only
+ * the node where the search should start. The zonelist passed to
+ * __alloc_pages() will include all nodes. If the slab allocator
+ * is passed an offline node, it will fall back to the local node.
+ * See kmem_cache_alloc_node().
+ */
+
+int cpuset_mem_spread_node(void)
+{
+ int node;
+
+ node = next_node(current->cpuset_mem_spread_rotor, current->mems_allowed);
+ if (node == MAX_NUMNODES)
+ node = first_node(current->mems_allowed);
+ current->cpuset_mem_spread_rotor = node;
+ return node;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(cpuset_mem_spread_node);
+
+/**
* cpuset_excl_nodes_overlap - Do we overlap @p's mem_exclusive ancestors?
* @p: pointer to task_struct of some other task.
*