path: root/mm/filemap.h
diff options
authorNeilBrown <>2006-06-25 05:47:58 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <>2006-06-25 10:01:09 -0700
commit01408c4939479ec46c15aa7ef6e2406be50eeeca (patch)
tree106ee144cc7214cc5cb78bc35a49fc654ef16fe9 /mm/filemap.h
parent5f507d9e05b4dbfee34f3d967623ad3fbf0f28b3 (diff)
[PATCH] Prepare for __copy_from_user_inatomic to not zero missed bytes
The problem is that when we write to a file, the copy from userspace to pagecache is first done with preemption disabled, so if the source address is not immediately available the copy fails *and* *zeros* *the* *destination*. This is a problem because a concurrent read (which admittedly is an odd thing to do) might see zeros rather that was there before the write, or what was there after, or some mixture of the two (any of these being a reasonable thing to see). If the copy did fail, it will immediately be retried with preemption re-enabled so any transient problem with accessing the source won't cause an error. The first copying does not need to zero any uncopied bytes, and doing so causes the problem. It uses copy_from_user_atomic rather than copy_from_user so the simple expedient is to change copy_from_user_atomic to *not* zero out bytes on failure. The first of these two patches prepares for the change by fixing two places which assume copy_from_user_atomic does zero the tail. The two usages are very similar pieces of code which copy from a userspace iovec into one or more page-cache pages. These are changed to remove the assumption. The second patch changes __copy_from_user_inatomic* to not zero the tail. Once these are accepted, I will look at similar patches of other architectures where this is important (ppc, mips and sparc being the ones I can find). This patch: There is a problem with __copy_from_user_inatomic zeroing the tail of the buffer in the case of an error. As it is called in atomic context, the error may be transient, so it results in zeros being written where maybe they shouldn't be. In the usage in filemap, this opens a window for a well timed read to see data (zeros) which is not consistent with any ordering of reads and writes. Most cases where __copy_from_user_inatomic is called, a failure results in __copy_from_user being called immediately. As long as the latter zeros the tail, the former doesn't need to. However in *copy_from_user_iovec implementations (in both filemap and ntfs/file), it is assumed that copy_from_user_inatomic will zero the tail. This patch removes that assumption, so that after this patch it will be safe for copy_from_user_inatomic to not zero the tail. This patch also adds some commentary to filemap.h and asm-i386/uaccess.h. After this patch, all architectures that might disable preempt when kmap_atomic is called need to have their __copy_from_user_inatomic* "fixed". This includes - powerpc - i386 - mips - sparc Signed-off-by: Neil Brown <> Cc: David Howells <> Cc: Anton Altaparmakov <> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <> Cc: Paul Mackerras <> Cc: Ralf Baechle <> Cc: William Lee Irwin III <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
Diffstat (limited to 'mm/filemap.h')
1 files changed, 18 insertions, 8 deletions
diff --git a/mm/filemap.h b/mm/filemap.h
index 5683cde22055..536979fb4ba7 100644
--- a/mm/filemap.h
+++ b/mm/filemap.h
@@ -16,15 +16,23 @@
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
-__filemap_copy_from_user_iovec(char *vaddr,
- const struct iovec *iov,
- size_t base,
- size_t bytes);
+__filemap_copy_from_user_iovec_inatomic(char *vaddr,
+ const struct iovec *iov,
+ size_t base,
+ size_t bytes);
* Copy as much as we can into the page and return the number of bytes which
* were sucessfully copied. If a fault is encountered then clear the page
* out to (offset+bytes) and return the number of bytes which were copied.
+ *
+ * NOTE: For this to work reliably we really want copy_from_user_inatomic_nocache
+ * to *NOT* zero any tail of the buffer that it failed to copy. If it does,
+ * and if the following non-atomic copy succeeds, then there is a small window
+ * where the target page contains neither the data before the write, nor the
+ * data after the write (it contains zero). A read at this time will see
+ * data that is inconsistent with any ordering of the read and the write.
+ * (This has been detected in practice).
static inline size_t
filemap_copy_from_user(struct page *page, unsigned long offset,
@@ -60,13 +68,15 @@ filemap_copy_from_user_iovec(struct page *page, unsigned long offset,
size_t copied;
kaddr = kmap_atomic(page, KM_USER0);
- copied = __filemap_copy_from_user_iovec(kaddr + offset, iov,
- base, bytes);
+ copied = __filemap_copy_from_user_iovec_inatomic(kaddr + offset, iov,
+ base, bytes);
kunmap_atomic(kaddr, KM_USER0);
if (copied != bytes) {
kaddr = kmap(page);
- copied = __filemap_copy_from_user_iovec(kaddr + offset, iov,
- base, bytes);
+ copied = __filemap_copy_from_user_iovec_inatomic(kaddr + offset, iov,
+ base, bytes);
+ if (bytes - copied)
+ memset(kaddr + offset + copied, 0, bytes - copied);
return copied;