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authorJoonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>2014-12-12 16:56:01 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2014-12-13 12:42:48 -0800
commit48c96a3685795e52903e60c7ee115e5e22e7d640 (patch)
tree49940b1971c9b487a52b2c91b2423eee9278ced5 /tools/vm
parent9a92a6ce6f842713ccd0025c5228fe8bea61234c (diff)
downloadlinux-sh-48c96a3685795e52903e60c7ee115e5e22e7d640.tar.gz
mm/page_owner: keep track of page owners
This is the page owner tracking code which is introduced so far ago. It is resident on Andrew's tree, though, nobody tried to upstream so it remain as is. Our company uses this feature actively to debug memory leak or to find a memory hogger so I decide to upstream this feature. This functionality help us to know who allocates the page. When allocating a page, we store some information about allocation in extra memory. Later, if we need to know status of all pages, we can get and analyze it from this stored information. In previous version of this feature, extra memory is statically defined in struct page, but, in this version, extra memory is allocated outside of struct page. It enables us to turn on/off this feature at boottime without considerable memory waste. Although we already have tracepoint for tracing page allocation/free, using it to analyze page owner is rather complex. We need to enlarge the trace buffer for preventing overlapping until userspace program launched. And, launched program continually dump out the trace buffer for later analysis and it would change system behaviour with more possibility rather than just keeping it in memory, so bad for debug. Moreover, we can use page_owner feature further for various purposes. For example, we can use it for fragmentation statistics implemented in this patch. And, I also plan to implement some CMA failure debugging feature using this interface. I'd like to give the credit for all developers contributed this feature, but, it's not easy because I don't know exact history. Sorry about that. Below is people who has "Signed-off-by" in the patches in Andrew's tree. Contributor: Alexander Nyberg <alexn@dsv.su.se> Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com> Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Jungsoo Son <jungsoo.son@lge.com> Signed-off-by: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@sr71.net> Cc: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.com> Cc: Jungsoo Son <jungsoo.son@lge.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'tools/vm')
-rw-r--r--tools/vm/Makefile4
-rw-r--r--tools/vm/page_owner_sort.c144
2 files changed, 146 insertions, 2 deletions
diff --git a/tools/vm/Makefile b/tools/vm/Makefile
index 3d907dacf2ac..ac884b65a072 100644
--- a/tools/vm/Makefile
+++ b/tools/vm/Makefile
@@ -1,6 +1,6 @@
# Makefile for vm tools
#
-TARGETS=page-types slabinfo
+TARGETS=page-types slabinfo page_owner_sort
LIB_DIR = ../lib/api
LIBS = $(LIB_DIR)/libapikfs.a
@@ -18,5 +18,5 @@ $(LIBS):
$(CC) $(CFLAGS) -o $@ $< $(LDFLAGS)
clean:
- $(RM) page-types slabinfo
+ $(RM) page-types slabinfo page_owner_sort
make -C $(LIB_DIR) clean
diff --git a/tools/vm/page_owner_sort.c b/tools/vm/page_owner_sort.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..77147b42d598
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/vm/page_owner_sort.c
@@ -0,0 +1,144 @@
+/*
+ * User-space helper to sort the output of /sys/kernel/debug/page_owner
+ *
+ * Example use:
+ * cat /sys/kernel/debug/page_owner > page_owner_full.txt
+ * grep -v ^PFN page_owner_full.txt > page_owner.txt
+ * ./sort page_owner.txt sorted_page_owner.txt
+*/
+
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <string.h>
+
+struct block_list {
+ char *txt;
+ int len;
+ int num;
+};
+
+
+static struct block_list *list;
+static int list_size;
+static int max_size;
+
+struct block_list *block_head;
+
+int read_block(char *buf, int buf_size, FILE *fin)
+{
+ char *curr = buf, *const buf_end = buf + buf_size;
+
+ while (buf_end - curr > 1 && fgets(curr, buf_end - curr, fin)) {
+ if (*curr == '\n') /* empty line */
+ return curr - buf;
+ curr += strlen(curr);
+ }
+
+ return -1; /* EOF or no space left in buf. */
+}
+
+static int compare_txt(const void *p1, const void *p2)
+{
+ const struct block_list *l1 = p1, *l2 = p2;
+
+ return strcmp(l1->txt, l2->txt);
+}
+
+static int compare_num(const void *p1, const void *p2)
+{
+ const struct block_list *l1 = p1, *l2 = p2;
+
+ return l2->num - l1->num;
+}
+
+static void add_list(char *buf, int len)
+{
+ if (list_size != 0 &&
+ len == list[list_size-1].len &&
+ memcmp(buf, list[list_size-1].txt, len) == 0) {
+ list[list_size-1].num++;
+ return;
+ }
+ if (list_size == max_size) {
+ printf("max_size too small??\n");
+ exit(1);
+ }
+ list[list_size].txt = malloc(len+1);
+ list[list_size].len = len;
+ list[list_size].num = 1;
+ memcpy(list[list_size].txt, buf, len);
+ list[list_size].txt[len] = 0;
+ list_size++;
+ if (list_size % 1000 == 0) {
+ printf("loaded %d\r", list_size);
+ fflush(stdout);
+ }
+}
+
+#define BUF_SIZE 1024
+
+int main(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+ FILE *fin, *fout;
+ char buf[BUF_SIZE];
+ int ret, i, count;
+ struct block_list *list2;
+ struct stat st;
+
+ if (argc < 3) {
+ printf("Usage: ./program <input> <output>\n");
+ perror("open: ");
+ exit(1);
+ }
+
+ fin = fopen(argv[1], "r");
+ fout = fopen(argv[2], "w");
+ if (!fin || !fout) {
+ printf("Usage: ./program <input> <output>\n");
+ perror("open: ");
+ exit(1);
+ }
+
+ fstat(fileno(fin), &st);
+ max_size = st.st_size / 100; /* hack ... */
+
+ list = malloc(max_size * sizeof(*list));
+
+ for ( ; ; ) {
+ ret = read_block(buf, BUF_SIZE, fin);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ break;
+
+ add_list(buf, ret);
+ }
+
+ printf("loaded %d\n", list_size);
+
+ printf("sorting ....\n");
+
+ qsort(list, list_size, sizeof(list[0]), compare_txt);
+
+ list2 = malloc(sizeof(*list) * list_size);
+
+ printf("culling\n");
+
+ for (i = count = 0; i < list_size; i++) {
+ if (count == 0 ||
+ strcmp(list2[count-1].txt, list[i].txt) != 0) {
+ list2[count++] = list[i];
+ } else {
+ list2[count-1].num += list[i].num;
+ }
+ }
+
+ qsort(list2, count, sizeof(list[0]), compare_num);
+
+ for (i = 0; i < count; i++)
+ fprintf(fout, "%d times:\n%s\n", list2[i].num, list2[i].txt);
+
+ return 0;
+}