path: root/Documentation/cpusets.txt
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2005-09-07[PATCH] cpusets: formalize intermediate GFP_KERNEL containmentPaul Jackson-0/+12
This patch makes use of the previously underutilized cpuset flag 'mem_exclusive' to provide what amounts to another layer of memory placement resolution. With this patch, there are now the following four layers of memory placement available: 1) The whole system (interrupt and GFP_ATOMIC allocations can use this), 2) The nearest enclosing mem_exclusive cpuset (GFP_KERNEL allocations can use), 3) The current tasks cpuset (GFP_USER allocations constrained to here), and 4) Specific node placement, using mbind and set_mempolicy. These nest - each layer is a subset (same or within) of the previous. Layer (2) above is new, with this patch. The call used to check whether a zone (its node, actually) is in a cpuset (in its mems_allowed, actually) is extended to take a gfp_mask argument, and its logic is extended, in the case that __GFP_HARDWALL is not set in the flag bits, to look up the cpuset hierarchy for the nearest enclosing mem_exclusive cpuset, to determine if placement is allowed. The definition of GFP_USER, which used to be identical to GFP_KERNEL, is changed to also set the __GFP_HARDWALL bit, in the previous cpuset_gfp_hardwall_flag patch. GFP_ATOMIC and GFP_KERNEL allocations will stay within the current tasks cpuset, so long as any node therein is not too tight on memory, but will escape to the larger layer, if need be. The intended use is to allow something like a batch manager to handle several jobs, each job in its own cpuset, but using common kernel memory for caches and such. Swapper and oom_kill activity is also constrained to Layer (2). A task in or below one mem_exclusive cpuset should not cause swapping on nodes in another non-overlapping mem_exclusive cpuset, nor provoke oom_killing of a task in another such cpuset. Heavy use of kernel memory for i/o caching and such by one job should not impact the memory available to jobs in other non-overlapping mem_exclusive cpusets. This patch enables providing hardwall, inescapable cpusets for memory allocations of each job, while sharing kernel memory allocations between several jobs, in an enclosing mem_exclusive cpuset. Like Dinakar's patch earlier to enable administering sched domains using the cpu_exclusive flag, this patch also provides a useful meaning to a cpuset flag that had previously done nothing much useful other than restrict what cpuset configurations were allowed. Signed-off-by: Paul Jackson <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2005-06-25[PATCH] Dynamic sched domains: cpuset changesDinakar Guniguntala-0/+16
Adds the core update_cpu_domains code and updated cpusets documentation Signed-off-by: Dinakar Guniguntala <> Acked-by: Paul Jackson <> Acked-by: Nick Piggin <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2005-05-20[PATCH] cpusets+hotplug+preepmt brokenPaul Jackson-2/+1
This patch removes the entwining of cpusets and hotplug code in the "No more Mr. Nice Guy" case of sched.c move_task_off_dead_cpu(). Since the hotplug code is holding a spinlock at this point, we cannot take the cpuset semaphore, cpuset_sem, as would seem to be required either to update the tasks cpuset, or to scan up the nested cpuset chain, looking for the nearest cpuset ancestor that still has some CPUs that are online. So we just punt and blast the tasks cpus_allowed with all bits allowed. This reverts these lines of code to what they were before the cpuset patch. And it updates the cpuset Doc file, to match. The one known alternative to this that seems to work came from Dinakar Guniguntala, and required the hotplug code to take the cpuset_sem semaphore much earlier in its processing. So far as we know, the increased locking entanglement between cpusets and hot plug of this alternative approach is not worth doing in this case. Signed-off-by: Paul Jackson <> Acked-by: Nathan Lynch <> Acked-by: Dinakar Guniguntala <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2005-04-16Linux-2.6.12-rc2v2.6.12-rc2Linus Torvalds-0/+415
Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history, even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about 3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good infrastructure for it. Let it rip!