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2020-06-18maccess: make get_kernel_nofault() check for minimal type compatibilityLinus Torvalds-2/+2
Now that we've renamed probe_kernel_address() to get_kernel_nofault() and made it look and behave more in line with get_user(), some of the subtle type behavior differences end up being more obvious and possibly dangerous. When you do get_user(val, user_ptr); the type of the access comes from the "user_ptr" part, and the above basically acts as val = *user_ptr; by design (except, of course, for the fact that the actual dereference is done with a user access). Note how in the above case, the type of the end result comes from the pointer argument, and then the value is cast to the type of 'val' as part of the assignment. So the type of the pointer is ultimately the more important type both for the access itself. But 'get_kernel_nofault()' may now _look_ similar, but it behaves very differently. When you do get_kernel_nofault(val, kernel_ptr); it behaves like val = *(typeof(val) *)kernel_ptr; except, of course, for the fact that the actual dereference is done with exception handling so that a faulting access is suppressed and returned as the error code. But note how different the casting behavior of the two superficially similar accesses are: one does the actual access in the size of the type the pointer points to, while the other does the access in the size of the target, and ignores the pointer type entirely. Actually changing get_kernel_nofault() to act like get_user() is almost certainly the right thing to do eventually, but in the meantime this patch adds logit to at least verify that the pointer type is compatible with the type of the result. In many cases, this involves just casting the pointer to 'void *' to make it obvious that the type of the pointer is not the important part. It's not how 'get_user()' acts, but at least the behavioral difference is now obvious and explicit. Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2020-06-18maccess: rename probe_kernel_address to get_kernel_nofaultChristoph Hellwig-10/+10
Better describe what this helper does, and match the naming of copy_from_kernel_nofault. Also switch the argument order around, so that it acts and looks like get_user(). Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-11-02License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no licenseGreg Kroah-Hartman-0/+1
Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license. By default all files without license information are under the default license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2. Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0' SPDX license identifier. The SPDX identifier is a legally binding shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text. This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and Philippe Ombredanne. How this work was done: Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of the use cases: - file had no licensing information it it. - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it, - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information, Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords. The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne. Philippe prepared the base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files. The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files assessed. Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s) to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was: - Files considered eligible had to be source code files. - Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5 lines of source - File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5 lines). All documentation files were explicitly excluded. The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license identifiers to apply. - when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was considered to have no license information in it, and the top level COPYING file license applied. For non */uapi/* files that summary was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 11139 and resulted in the first patch in this series. If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0". Results of that was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 930 and resulted in the second patch in this series. - if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in it (per prior point). Results summary: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------ GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 270 GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 169 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause) 21 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 17 LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 15 GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 14 ((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 5 LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 4 LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT) 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT) 1 and that resulted in the third patch in this series. - when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became the concluded license(s). - when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a license but the other didn't, or they both detected different licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred. - In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics). - When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. - If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier, the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later in time. In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights. The Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so they are related. Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks in about 15000 files. In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the correct identifier. Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch version early this week with: - a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected license ids and scores - reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+ files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct - reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction. This worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the different types of files to be modified. These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg. Thomas wrote a script to parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the format that the file expected. This script was further refined by Greg based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different comment types.) Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to generate the patches. Reviewed-by: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org> Reviewed-by: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com> Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2017-01-28x86/boot/e820: Move asm/e820.h to asm/e820/api.hIngo Molnar-1/+1
In line with asm/e820/types.h, move the e820 API declarations to asm/e820/api.h and update all usage sites. This is just a mechanical, obviously correct move & replace patch, there will be subsequent changes to clean up the code and to make better use of the new header organization. Cc: Alex Thorlton <athorlton@sgi.com> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com> Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com> Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Huang, Ying <ying.huang@intel.com> Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com> Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Paul Jackson <pj@sgi.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@gmail.com> Cc: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org> Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2012-09-05x86/pci/probe_roms: Add missing __iomem annotation to pci_map_biosrom()Mathias Krause-1/+1
Stay in sync with the declaration and fix the corresponding sparse warnings. Signed-off-by: Mathias Krause <minipli@googlemail.com> Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1346621506-30857-5-git-send-email-minipli@googlemail.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2012-03-08x86: Include probe_roms.h in probe_roms.cJan Beulich-0/+1
... to ensure that declarations and definitions are in sync. Signed-off-by: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@suse.com> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/4F5888F902000078000770F1@nat28.tlf.novell.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-10-31x86: Fix files explicitly requiring export.h for EXPORT_SYMBOL/THIS_MODULEPaul Gortmaker-2/+2
These files were implicitly getting EXPORT_SYMBOL via device.h which was including module.h, but that will be fixed up shortly. By fixing these now, we can avoid seeing things like: arch/x86/kernel/rtc.c:29: warning: type defaults to ‘int’ in declaration of ‘EXPORT_SYMBOL’ arch/x86/kernel/pci-dma.c:20: warning: type defaults to ‘int’ in declaration of ‘EXPORT_SYMBOL’ arch/x86/kernel/e820.c:69: warning: type defaults to ‘int’ in declaration of ‘EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL’ [ with input from Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@xenotime.net> and also from Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> ] Signed-off-by: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com>
2011-06-10treewide: Convert uses of struct resource to resource_size(ptr)Joe Perches-1/+1
Several fixes as well where the +1 was missing. Done via coccinelle scripts like: @@ struct resource *ptr; @@ - ptr->end - ptr->start + 1 + resource_size(ptr) and some grep and typing. Mostly uncompiled, no cross-compilers. Signed-off-by: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com> Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
2011-03-15x86: Introduce pci_map_biosrom()Dan Williams-0/+267
The isci driver needs to retrieve its preboot OROM image which contains necessary runtime parameters like platform specific sas addresses and phy configuration. There is no ROM BAR associated with this area, instead we will need to scan legacy expansion ROM space. 1/ Promote the probe_roms_32 implementation to x86-64 2/ Add a facility to find and map an adapter rom by pci device (according to PCI Firmware Specification Revision 3.0) Signed-off-by: Dave Jiang <dave.jiang@intel.com> LKML-Reference: <20110308183226.6246.90354.stgit@localhost6.localdomain6> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>