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2014-04-02Merge branch 'x86-x32-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds-25/+6
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip Pull compat time conversion changes from Peter Anvin: "Despite the branch name this is really neither an x86 nor an x32-specific patchset, although it the implementation of the discussions that followed the x32 security hole a few months ago. This removes get/put_compat_timespec/val() and replaces them with compat_get/put_timespec/val() which are savvy as to the current status of COMPAT_USE_64BIT_TIME. It removes several unused and/or incorrect/misleading functions (like compat_put_timeval_convert which doesn't in fact do any conversion) and also replaces several open-coded implementations what is now called compat_convert_timespec() with that function" * 'x86-x32-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: compat: Fix sparse address space warnings compat: Get rid of (get|put)_compat_time(val|spec)
2014-03-31Merge branch 'compat' of ↵Linus Torvalds-22/+23
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/s390/linux Pull s390 compat wrapper rework from Heiko Carstens: "S390 compat system call wrapper simplification work. The intention of this work is to get rid of all hand written assembly compat system call wrappers on s390, which perform proper sign or zero extension, or pointer conversion of compat system call parameters. Instead all of this should be done with C code eg by using Al's COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINEx() macro. Therefore all common code and s390 specific compat system calls have been converted to the COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINEx() macro. In order to generate correct code all compat system calls may only have eg compat_ulong_t parameters, but no unsigned long parameters. Those patches which change parameter types from unsigned long to compat_ulong_t parameters are separate in this series, but shouldn't cause any harm. The only compat system calls which intentionally have 64 bit parameters (preadv64 and pwritev64) in support of the x86/32 ABI haven't been changed, but are now only available if an architecture defines __ARCH_WANT_COMPAT_SYS_PREADV64/PWRITEV64. System calls which do not have a compat variant but still need proper zero extension on s390, like eg "long sys_brk(unsigned long brk)" will get a proper wrapper function with the new s390 specific COMPAT_SYSCALL_WRAPx() macro: COMPAT_SYSCALL_WRAP1(brk, unsigned long, brk); which generates the following code (simplified): asmlinkage long sys_brk(unsigned long brk); asmlinkage long compat_sys_brk(long brk) { return sys_brk((u32)brk); } Given that the C file which contains all the COMPAT_SYSCALL_WRAP lines includes both linux/syscall.h and linux/compat.h, it will generate build errors, if the declaration of sys_brk() doesn't match, or if there exists a non-matching compat_sys_brk() declaration. In addition this will intentionally result in a link error if somewhere else a compat_sys_brk() function exists, which probably should have been used instead. Two more BUILD_BUG_ONs make sure the size and type of each compat syscall parameter can be handled correctly with the s390 specific macros. I converted the compat system calls step by step to verify the generated code is correct and matches the previous code. In fact it did not always match, however that was always a bug in the hand written asm code. In result we get less code, less bugs, and much more sanity checking" * 'compat' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/s390/linux: (44 commits) s390/compat: add copyright statement compat: include linux/unistd.h within linux/compat.h s390/compat: get rid of compat wrapper assembly code s390/compat: build error for large compat syscall args mm/compat: convert to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE with changing parameter types kexec/compat: convert to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE with changing parameter types net/compat: convert to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE with changing parameter types ipc/compat: convert to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE with changing parameter types fs/compat: convert to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE with changing parameter types ipc/compat: convert to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE fs/compat: convert to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE security/compat: convert to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE mm/compat: convert to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE net/compat: convert to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE kernel/compat: convert to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE fs/compat: optional preadv64/pwrite64 compat system calls ipc/compat_sys_msgrcv: change msgtyp type from long to compat_long_t s390/compat: partial parameter conversion within syscall wrappers s390/compat: automatic zero, sign and pointer conversion of syscalls s390/compat: add sync_file_range and fallocate compat syscalls ...
2014-03-16ipc: Fix 2 bugs in msgrcv() MSG_COPY implementationMichael Kerrisk-0/+2
While testing and documenting the msgrcv() MSG_COPY flag that Stanislav Kinsbursky added in commit 4a674f34ba04 ("ipc: introduce message queue copy feature" => kernel 3.8), I discovered a couple of bugs in the implementation. The two bugs concern MSG_COPY interactions with other msgrcv() flags, namely: (A) MSG_COPY + MSG_EXCEPT (B) MSG_COPY + !IPC_NOWAIT The bugs are distinct (and the fix for the first one is obvious), however my fix for both is a single-line patch, which is why I'm combining them in a single mail, rather than writing two mails+patches. ===== (A) MSG_COPY + MSG_EXCEPT ===== With the addition of the MSG_COPY flag, there are now two msgrcv() flags--MSG_COPY and MSG_EXCEPT--that modify the meaning of the 'msgtyp' argument in unrelated ways. Specifying both in the same call is a logical error that is currently permitted, with the effect that MSG_COPY has priority and MSG_EXCEPT is ignored. The call should give an error if both flags are specified. The patch below implements that behavior. ===== (B) (B) MSG_COPY + !IPC_NOWAIT ===== The test code that was submitted in commit 3a665531a3b7 ("selftests: IPC message queue copy feature test") shows MSG_COPY being used in conjunction with IPC_NOWAIT. In other words, if there is no message at the position 'msgtyp'. return immediately with the error in ENOMSG. What was not (fully) tested is the behavior if MSG_COPY is specified *without* IPC_NOWAIT, and there is an odd behavior. If the queue contains less than 'msgtyp' messages, then the call blocks until the next message is written to the queue. At that point, the msgrcv() call returns a copy of the newly added message, regardless of whether that message is at the ordinal position 'msgtyp'. This is clearly bogus, and problematic for applications that might want to make use of the MSG_COPY flag. I considered the following possible solutions to this problem: (1) Force the call to block until a message *does* appear at the position 'msgtyp'. (2) If the MSG_COPY flag is specified, the kernel should implicitly add IPC_NOWAIT, so that the call fails with ENOMSG for this case. (3) If the MSG_COPY flag is specified, but IPC_NOWAIT is not, generate an error (probably, EINVAL is the right one). I do not know if any application would really want to have the functionality of solution (1), especially since an application can determine in advance the number of messages in the queue using msgctl() IPC_STAT. Obviously, this solution would be the most work to implement. Solution (2) would have the effect of silently fixing any applications that tried to employ broken behavior. However, it would mean that if we later decided to implement solution (1), then user-space could not easily detect what the kernel supports (but, since I'm somewhat doubtful that solution (1) is needed, I'm not sure that this is much of a problem). Solution (3) would have the effect of informing broken applications that they are doing something broken. The downside is that this would cause a ABI breakage for any applications that are currently employing the broken behavior. However: a) Those applications are almost certainly not getting the results they expect. b) Possibly, those applications don't even exist, because MSG_COPY is currently hidden behind CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE. The upside of solution (3) is that if we later decided to implement solution (1), user-space could determine what the kernel supports, via the error return. In my view, solution (3) is mildly preferable to solution (2), and solution (1) could still be done later if anyone really cares. The patch below implements solution (3). PS. For anyone out there still listening, it's the usual story: documenting an API (and the thinking about, and the testing of the API, that documentation entails) is the one of the single best ways of finding bugs in the API, as I've learned from a lot of experience. Best to do that documentation before releasing the API. Signed-off-by: Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@gmail.com> Acked-by: Stanislav Kinsbursky <skinsbursky@parallels.com> Cc: Stanislav Kinsbursky <skinsbursky@parallels.com> Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org Cc: Serge Hallyn <serge.hallyn@canonical.com> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-03-06ipc/compat: convert to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE with changing parameter typesHeiko Carstens-8/+8
In order to allow the COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE macro generate code that performs proper zero and sign extension convert all 64 bit parameters to their corresponding 32 bit compat counterparts. Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
2014-03-06ipc/compat: convert to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINEHeiko Carstens-12/+13
Convert all compat system call functions where all parameter types have a size of four or less than four bytes, or are pointer types to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE. The implicit casts within COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE will perform proper zero and sign extension to 64 bit of all parameters if needed. Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
2014-03-06ipc/compat_sys_msgrcv: change msgtyp type from long to compat_long_tHeiko Carstens-2/+2
Change the type of compat_sys_msgrcv's msgtyp parameter from long to compat_long_t, since compat user space passes only a 32 bit signed value. Let the compat wrapper do proper sign extension to 64 bit of this parameter. Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
2014-02-25ipc,mqueue: remove limits for the amount of system-wide queuesDavidlohr Bueso-9/+15
Commit 93e6f119c0ce ("ipc/mqueue: cleanup definition names and locations") added global hardcoded limits to the amount of message queues that can be created. While these limits are per-namespace, reality is that it ends up breaking userspace applications. Historically users have, at least in theory, been able to create up to INT_MAX queues, and limiting it to just 1024 is way too low and dramatic for some workloads and use cases. For instance, Madars reports: "This update imposes bad limits on our multi-process application. As our app uses approaches that each process opens its own set of queues (usually something about 3-5 queues per process). In some scenarios we might run up to 3000 processes or more (which of-course for linux is not a problem). Thus we might need up to 9000 queues or more. All processes run under one user." Other affected users can be found in launchpad bug #1155695: https://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/+source/manpages/+bug/1155695 Instead of increasing this limit, revert it entirely and fallback to the original way of dealing queue limits -- where once a user's resource limit is reached, and all memory is used, new queues cannot be created. Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Reported-by: Madars Vitolins <m@silodev.com> Acked-by: Doug Ledford <dledford@redhat.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [3.5+] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-02-02compat: Get rid of (get|put)_compat_time(val|spec)H. Peter Anvin-25/+6
We have two APIs for compatiblity timespec/val, with confusingly similar names. compat_(get|put)_time(val|spec) *do* handle the case where COMPAT_USE_64BIT_TIME is set, whereas (get|put)_compat_time(val|spec) do not. This is an accident waiting to happen. Clean it up by favoring the full-service version; the limited version is replaced with double-underscore versions static to kernel/compat.c. A common pattern is to convert a struct timespec to kernel format in an allocation on the user stack. Unfortunately it is open-coded in several places. Since this allocation isn't actually needed if COMPAT_USE_64BIT_TIME is true (since user format == kernel format) encapsulate that whole pattern into the function compat_convert_timespec(). An equivalent function should be written for struct timeval if it is needed in the future. Finally, get rid of compat_(get|put)_timeval_convert(): each was only used once, and the latter was not even doing what the function said (no conversion actually was being done.) Moving the conversion into compat_sys_settimeofday() itself makes the code much more similar to sys_settimeofday() itself. v3: Remove unused compat_convert_timeval(). v2: Drop bogus "const" in the destination argument for compat_convert_time*(). Cc: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <m.chehab@samsung.com> Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Hans Verkuil <hans.verkuil@cisco.com> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Mateusz Guzik <mguzik@redhat.com> Cc: Rafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Cc: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> Cc: Dan Carpenter <dan.carpenter@oracle.com> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Tested-by: H.J. Lu <hjl.tools@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>
2014-01-27ipc: fix compat msgrcv with negative msgtypMateusz Guzik-1/+1
Compat function takes msgtyp argument as u32 and passes it down to do_msgrcv which results in casting to long, thus the sign is lost and we get a big positive number instead. Cast the argument to signed type before passing it down. Signed-off-by: Mateusz Guzik <mguzik@redhat.com> Reported-by: Gabriellla Schmidt <gsc@bruker.de> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-27ipc,msg: document barriersDavidlohr Bueso-2/+17
Both expunge_all() and pipeline_send() rely on both a nil msg value and a full barrier to guarantee the correct ordering when waking up a task. While its counterpart at the receiving end is well documented for the lockless recv algorithm, we still need to document these specific smp_mb() calls. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix typo, per Mike] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: mroe tpyos] Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Cc: Aswin Chandramouleeswaran <aswin@hp.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-27ipc: delete seq_max field in struct ipc_idsDavidlohr Bueso-11/+3
This field is only used to reset the ids seq number if it exceeds the smaller of INT_MAX/SEQ_MULTIPLIER and USHRT_MAX, and can therefore be moved out of the structure and into its own macro. Since each ipc_namespace contains a table of 3 pointers to struct ipc_ids we can save space in instruction text: text data bss dec hex filename 56232 2348 24 58604 e4ec ipc/built-in.o 56216 2348 24 58588 e4dc ipc/built-in.o-after Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Reviewed-by: Jonathan Gonzalez <jgonzalez@linets.cl> Cc: Aswin Chandramouleeswaran <aswin@hp.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Acked-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-27ipc: simplify sysvipc_proc_open() returnDavidlohr Bueso-5/+4
Get rid of silly/useless label jumping. Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Cc: Aswin Chandramouleeswaran <aswin@hp.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Acked-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-27ipc: remove useless return statementDavidlohr Bueso-4/+0
Only found in ipc_rmid(). Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Cc: Aswin Chandramouleeswaran <aswin@hp.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Acked-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-27ipc: remove braces for single statementsDavidlohr Bueso-19/+16
Deal with checkpatch messages: WARNING: braces {} are not necessary for single statement blocks Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Cc: Aswin Chandramouleeswaran <aswin@hp.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Acked-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-27ipc: standardize code commentsDavidlohr Bueso-139/+125
IPC commenting style is all over the place, *specially* in util.c. This patch orders things a bit. Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Cc: Aswin Chandramouleeswaran <aswin@hp.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Acked-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-27ipc: whitespace cleanupManfred Spraul-113/+113
The ipc code does not adhere the typical linux coding style. This patch fixes lots of simple whitespace errors. - mostly autogenerated by scripts/checkpatch.pl -f --fix \ --types=pointer_location,spacing,space_before_tab - one manual fixup (keep structure members tab-aligned) - removal of additional space_before_tab that were not found by --fix Tested with some of my msg and sem test apps. Andrew: Could you include it in -mm and move it towards Linus' tree? Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Suggested-by: Li Bin <huawei.libin@huawei.com> Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com> Acked-by: Rafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-27ipc: change kern_ipc_perm.deleted type to boolRafael Aquini-5/+5
struct kern_ipc_perm.deleted is meant to be used as a boolean toggle, and the changes introduced by this patch are just to make the case explicit. Signed-off-by: Rafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com> Acked-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-27ipc: introduce ipc_valid_object() helper to sort out IPC_RMID racesRafael Aquini-19/+41
After the locking semantics for the SysV IPC API got improved, a couple of IPC_RMID race windows were opened because we ended up dropping the 'kern_ipc_perm.deleted' check performed way down in ipc_lock(). The spotted races got sorted out by re-introducing the old test within the racy critical sections. This patch introduces ipc_valid_object() to consolidate the way we cope with IPC_RMID races by using the same abstraction across the API implementation. Signed-off-by: Rafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Acked-by: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com> Reviewed-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-27ipc/sem.c: avoid overflow of semop undo (semadj) valuePetr Mladek-11/+13
When trying to understand semop code, I found a small mistake in the check for semadj (undo) value overflow. The new undo value is not stored immediately and next potential checks are done against the old value. The failing scenario is not much practical. One semop call has to do more operations on the same semaphore. Also semval and semadj must have different values, so there has to be some operations without SEM_UNDO flag. For example: struct sembuf depositor_op[1]; struct sembuf collector_op[2]; depositor_op[0].sem_num = 0; depositor_op[0].sem_op = 20000; depositor_op[0].sem_flg = 0; collector_op[0].sem_num = 0; collector_op[0].sem_op = -10000; collector_op[0].sem_flg = SEM_UNDO; collector_op[1].sem_num = 0; collector_op[1].sem_op = -10000; collector_op[1].sem_flg = SEM_UNDO; if (semop(semid, depositor_op, 1) == -1) { perror("Failed to do 1st deposit"); return 1; } if (semop(semid, collector_op, 2) == -1) { perror("Failed to do 1st collect"); return 1; } if (semop(semid, depositor_op, 1) == -1) { perror("Failed to do 2nd deposit"); return 1; } if (semop(semid, collector_op, 2) == -1) { perror("Failed to do 2nd collect"); return 1; } return 0; It passes without error now but the semadj value has overflown in the 2nd collector operation. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: restore lessened scope of local `undo'] [davidlohr@hp.com: correct header comment for perform_atomic_semop] Signed-off-by: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.cz> Acked-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Acked-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-11-21ipc,shm: correct error return value in shmctl (SHM_UNLOCK)Jesper Nilsson-3/+6
Commit 2caacaa82a51 ("ipc,shm: shorten critical region for shmctl") restructured the ipc shm to shorten critical region, but introduced a path where the return value could be -EPERM, even if the operation actually was performed. Before the commit, the err return value was reset by the return value from security_shm_shmctl() after the if (!ns_capable(...)) statement. Now, we still exit the if statement with err set to -EPERM, and in the case of SHM_UNLOCK, it is not reset at all, and used as the return value from shmctl. To fix this, we only set err when errors occur, leaving the fallthrough case alone. Signed-off-by: Jesper Nilsson <jesper.nilsson@axis.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [3.12.x] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-11-21ipc,shm: fix shm_file deletion racesGreg Thelen-5/+23
When IPC_RMID races with other shm operations there's potential for use-after-free of the shm object's associated file (shm_file). Here's the race before this patch: TASK 1 TASK 2 ------ ------ shm_rmid() ipc_lock_object() shmctl() shp = shm_obtain_object_check() shm_destroy() shum_unlock() fput(shp->shm_file) ipc_lock_object() shmem_lock(shp->shm_file) <OOPS> The oops is caused because shm_destroy() calls fput() after dropping the ipc_lock. fput() clears the file's f_inode, f_path.dentry, and f_path.mnt, which causes various NULL pointer references in task 2. I reliably see the oops in task 2 if with shmlock, shmu This patch fixes the races by: 1) set shm_file=NULL in shm_destroy() while holding ipc_object_lock(). 2) modify at risk operations to check shm_file while holding ipc_object_lock(). Example workloads, which each trigger oops... Workload 1: while true; do id=$(shmget 1 4096) shm_rmid $id & shmlock $id & wait done The oops stack shows accessing NULL f_inode due to racing fput: _raw_spin_lock shmem_lock SyS_shmctl Workload 2: while true; do id=$(shmget 1 4096) shmat $id 4096 & shm_rmid $id & wait done The oops stack is similar to workload 1 due to NULL f_inode: touch_atime shmem_mmap shm_mmap mmap_region do_mmap_pgoff do_shmat SyS_shmat Workload 3: while true; do id=$(shmget 1 4096) shmlock $id shm_rmid $id & shmunlock $id & wait done The oops stack shows second fput tripping on an NULL f_inode. The first fput() completed via from shm_destroy(), but a racing thread did a get_file() and queued this fput(): locks_remove_flock __fput ____fput task_work_run do_notify_resume int_signal Fixes: c2c737a0461e ("ipc,shm: shorten critical region for shmat") Fixes: 2caacaa82a51 ("ipc,shm: shorten critical region for shmctl") Signed-off-by: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> # 3.10.17+ 3.11.6+ Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-11-13Merge branch 'akpm' (patches from Andrew Morton)Linus Torvalds-15/+13
Merge first patch-bomb from Andrew Morton: "Quite a lot of other stuff is banked up awaiting further next->mainline merging, but this batch contains: - Lots of random misc patches - OCFS2 - Most of MM - backlight updates - lib/ updates - printk updates - checkpatch updates - epoll tweaking - rtc updates - hfs - hfsplus - documentation - procfs - update gcov to gcc-4.7 format - IPC" * emailed patches from Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>: (269 commits) ipc, msg: fix message length check for negative values ipc/util.c: remove unnecessary work pending test devpts: plug the memory leak in kill_sb ./Makefile: export initial ramdisk compression config option init/Kconfig: add option to disable kernel compression drivers: w1: make w1_slave::flags long to avoid memory corruption drivers/w1/masters/ds1wm.cuse dev_get_platdata() drivers/memstick/core/ms_block.c: fix unreachable state in h_msb_read_page() drivers/memstick/core/mspro_block.c: fix attributes array allocation drivers/pps/clients/pps-gpio.c: remove redundant of_match_ptr kernel/panic.c: reduce 1 byte usage for print tainted buffer gcov: reuse kbasename helper kernel/gcov/fs.c: use pr_warn() kernel/module.c: use pr_foo() gcov: compile specific gcov implementation based on gcc version gcov: add support for gcc 4.7 gcov format gcov: move gcov structs definitions to a gcc version specific file kernel/taskstats.c: return -ENOMEM when alloc memory fails in add_del_listener() kernel/taskstats.c: add nla_nest_cancel() for failure processing between nla_nest_start() and nla_nest_end() kernel/sysctl_binary.c: use scnprintf() instead of snprintf() ...
2013-11-13Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds-1/+1
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs Pull vfs updates from Al Viro: "All kinds of stuff this time around; some more notable parts: - RCU'd vfsmounts handling - new primitives for coredump handling - files_lock is gone - Bruce's delegations handling series - exportfs fixes plus misc stuff all over the place" * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs: (101 commits) ecryptfs: ->f_op is never NULL locks: break delegations on any attribute modification locks: break delegations on link locks: break delegations on rename locks: helper functions for delegation breaking locks: break delegations on unlink namei: minor vfs_unlink cleanup locks: implement delegations locks: introduce new FL_DELEG lock flag vfs: take i_mutex on renamed file vfs: rename I_MUTEX_QUOTA now that it's not used for quotas vfs: don't use PARENT/CHILD lock classes for non-directories vfs: pull ext4's double-i_mutex-locking into common code exportfs: fix quadratic behavior in filehandle lookup exportfs: better variable name exportfs: move most of reconnect_path to helper function exportfs: eliminate unused "noprogress" counter exportfs: stop retrying once we race with rename/remove exportfs: clear DISCONNECTED on all parents sooner exportfs: more detailed comment for path_reconnect ...
2013-11-13ipc, msg: fix message length check for negative valuesMathias Krause-12/+12
On 64 bit systems the test for negative message sizes is bogus as the size, which may be positive when evaluated as a long, will get truncated to an int when passed to load_msg(). So a long might very well contain a positive value but when truncated to an int it would become negative. That in combination with a small negative value of msg_ctlmax (which will be promoted to an unsigned type for the comparison against msgsz, making it a big positive value and therefore make it pass the check) will lead to two problems: 1/ The kmalloc() call in alloc_msg() will allocate a too small buffer as the addition of alen is effectively a subtraction. 2/ The copy_from_user() call in load_msg() will first overflow the buffer with userland data and then, when the userland access generates an access violation, the fixup handler copy_user_handle_tail() will try to fill the remainder with zeros -- roughly 4GB. That almost instantly results in a system crash or reset. ,-[ Reproducer (needs to be run as root) ]-- | #include <sys/stat.h> | #include <sys/msg.h> | #include <unistd.h> | #include <fcntl.h> | | int main(void) { | long msg = 1; | int fd; | | fd = open("/proc/sys/kernel/msgmax", O_WRONLY); | write(fd, "-1", 2); | close(fd); | | msgsnd(0, &msg, 0xfffffff0, IPC_NOWAIT); | | return 0; | } '--- Fix the issue by preventing msgsz from getting truncated by consistently using size_t for the message length. This way the size checks in do_msgsnd() could still be passed with a negative value for msg_ctlmax but we would fail on the buffer allocation in that case and error out. Also change the type of m_ts from int to size_t to avoid similar nastiness in other code paths -- it is used in similar constructs, i.e. signed vs. unsigned checks. It should never become negative under normal circumstances, though. Setting msg_ctlmax to a negative value is an odd configuration and should be prevented. As that might break existing userland, it will be handled in a separate commit so it could easily be reverted and reworked without reintroducing the above described bug. Hardening mechanisms for user copy operations would have catched that bug early -- e.g. checking slab object sizes on user copy operations as the usercopy feature of the PaX patch does. Or, for that matter, detect the long vs. int sign change due to truncation, as the size overflow plugin of the very same patch does. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix i386 min() warnings] Signed-off-by: Mathias Krause <minipli@googlemail.com> Cc: Pax Team <pageexec@freemail.hu> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Cc: Brad Spengler <spender@grsecurity.net> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [ v2.3.27+ -- yes, that old ;) ] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-11-13ipc/util.c: remove unnecessary work pending testXie XiuQi-3/+1
Remove unnecessary work pending test before calling schedule_work(). It has been tested in queue_work_on() already. No functional changed. Signed-off-by: Xie XiuQi <xiexiuqi@huawei.com> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Reviewed-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-11-09locks: break delegations on unlinkJ. Bruce Fields-1/+1
We need to break delegations on any operation that changes the set of links pointing to an inode. Start with unlink. Such operations also hold the i_mutex on a parent directory. Breaking a delegation may require waiting for a timeout (by default 90 seconds) in the case of a unresponsive NFS client. To avoid blocking all directory operations, we therefore drop locks before waiting for the delegation. The logic then looks like: acquire locks ... test for delegation; if found: take reference on inode release locks wait for delegation break drop reference on inode retry It is possible this could never terminate. (Even if we take precautions to prevent another delegation being acquired on the same inode, we could get a different inode on each retry.) But this seems very unlikely. The initial test for a delegation happens after the lock on the target inode is acquired, but the directory inode may have been acquired further up the call stack. We therefore add a "struct inode **" argument to any intervening functions, which we use to pass the inode back up to the caller in the case it needs a delegation synchronously broken. Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: Tyler Hicks <tyhicks@canonical.com> Cc: Dustin Kirkland <dustin.kirkland@gazzang.com> Acked-by: Jeff Layton <jlayton@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: J. Bruce Fields <bfields@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2013-11-03ipc, msg: forbid negative values for "msg{max,mnb,mni}"Mathias Krause-8/+12
Negative message lengths make no sense -- so don't do negative queue lenghts or identifier counts. Prevent them from getting negative. Also change the underlying data types to be unsigned to avoid hairy surprises with sign extensions in cases where those variables get evaluated in unsigned expressions with bigger data types, e.g size_t. In case a user still wants to have "unlimited" sizes she could just use INT_MAX instead. Signed-off-by: Mathias Krause <minipli@googlemail.com> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-10-16ipc/sem.c: synchronize semop and semctl with IPC_RMIDManfred Spraul-13/+29
After acquiring the semlock spinlock, operations must test that the array is still valid. - semctl() and exit_sem() would walk stale linked lists (ugly, but should be ok: all lists are empty) - semtimedop() would sleep forever - and if woken up due to a signal - access memory after free. The patch also: - standardizes the tests for .deleted, so that all tests in one function leave the function with the same approach. - unconditionally tests for .deleted immediately after every call to sem_lock - even it it means that for semctl(GETALL), .deleted will be tested twice. Both changes make the review simpler: After every sem_lock, there must be a test of .deleted, followed by a goto to the cleanup code (if the function uses "goto cleanup"). The only exception is semctl_down(): If sem_ids().rwsem is locked, then the presence in ids->ipcs_idr is equivalent to !.deleted, thus no additional test is required. Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Acked-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-10-16ipc: update locking scheme commentsDavidlohr Bueso-6/+21
The initial documentation was a bit incomplete, update accordingly. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: make it more readable in 80 columns] Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Acked-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-09-30ipc,msg: prevent race with rmid in msgsnd,msgrcvDavidlohr Bueso-0/+13
This fixes a race in both msgrcv() and msgsnd() between finding the msg and actually dealing with the queue, as another thread can delete shmid underneath us if we are preempted before acquiring the kern_ipc_perm.lock. Manfred illustrates this nicely: Assume a preemptible kernel that is preempted just after msq = msq_obtain_object_check(ns, msqid) in do_msgrcv(). The only lock that is held is rcu_read_lock(). Now the other thread processes IPC_RMID. When the first task is resumed, then it will happily wait for messages on a deleted queue. Fix this by checking for if the queue has been deleted after taking the lock. Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Reported-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [3.11] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-09-30ipc/sem.c: update sem_otime for all operationsManfred Spraul-13/+29
In commit 0a2b9d4c7967 ("ipc/sem.c: move wake_up_process out of the spinlock section"), the update of semaphore's sem_otime(last semop time) was moved to one central position (do_smart_update). But since do_smart_update() is only called for operations that modify the array, this means that wait-for-zero semops do not update sem_otime anymore. The fix is simple: Non-alter operations must update sem_otime. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Reported-by: Jia He <jiakernel@gmail.com> Tested-by: Jia He <jiakernel@gmail.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-09-30ipc/sem.c: synchronize the proc interfaceManfred Spraul-0/+8
The proc interface is not aware of sem_lock(), it instead calls ipc_lock_object() directly. This means that simple semop() operations can run in parallel with the proc interface. Right now, this is uncritical, because the implementation doesn't do anything that requires a proper synchronization. But it is dangerous and therefore should be fixed. Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-09-30ipc/sem.c: optimize sem_lock()Manfred Spraul-0/+8
Operations that need access to the whole array must guarantee that there are no simple operations ongoing. Right now this is achieved by spin_unlock_wait(sem->lock) on all semaphores. If complex_count is nonzero, then this spin_unlock_wait() is not necessary, because it was already performed in the past by the thread that increased complex_count and even though sem_perm.lock was dropped inbetween, no simple operation could have started, because simple operations cannot start when complex_count is non-zero. Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Mike Galbraith <bitbucket@online.de> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-09-30ipc/sem.c: fix race in sem_lock()Manfred Spraul-44/+78
The exclusion of complex operations in sem_lock() is insufficient: after acquiring the per-semaphore lock, a simple op must first check that sem_perm.lock is not locked and only after that test check complex_count. The current code does it the other way around - and that creates a race. Details are below. The patch is a complete rewrite of sem_lock(), based in part on the code from Mike Galbraith. It removes all gotos and all loops and thus the risk of livelocks. I have tested the patch (together with the next one) on my i3 laptop and it didn't cause any problems. The bug is probably also present in 3.10 and 3.11, but for these kernels it might be simpler just to move the test of sma->complex_count after the spin_is_locked() test. Details of the bug: Assume: - sma->complex_count = 0. - Thread 1: semtimedop(complex op that must sleep) - Thread 2: semtimedop(simple op). Pseudo-Trace: Thread 1: sem_lock(): acquire sem_perm.lock Thread 1: sem_lock(): check for ongoing simple ops Nothing ongoing, thread 2 is still before sem_lock(). Thread 1: try_atomic_semop() <<< preempted. Thread 2: sem_lock(): static inline int sem_lock(struct sem_array *sma, struct sembuf *sops, int nsops) { int locknum; again: if (nsops == 1 && !sma->complex_count) { struct sem *sem = sma->sem_base + sops->sem_num; /* Lock just the semaphore we are interested in. */ spin_lock(&sem->lock); /* * If sma->complex_count was set while we were spinning, * we may need to look at things we did not lock here. */ if (unlikely(sma->complex_count)) { spin_unlock(&sem->lock); goto lock_array; } <<<<<<<<< <<< complex_count is still 0. <<< <<< Here it is preempted <<<<<<<<< Thread 1: try_atomic_semop() returns, notices that it must sleep. Thread 1: increases sma->complex_count. Thread 1: drops sem_perm.lock Thread 2: /* * Another process is holding the global lock on the * sem_array; we cannot enter our critical section, * but have to wait for the global lock to be released. */ if (unlikely(spin_is_locked(&sma->sem_perm.lock))) { spin_unlock(&sem->lock); spin_unlock_wait(&sma->sem_perm.lock); goto again; } <<< sem_perm.lock already dropped, thus no "goto again;" locknum = sops->sem_num; Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Mike Galbraith <bitbucket@online.de> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [3.10+] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-09-24ipc: fix race with LSMsDavidlohr Bueso-48/+64
Currently, IPC mechanisms do security and auditing related checks under RCU. However, since security modules can free the security structure, for example, through selinux_[sem,msg_queue,shm]_free_security(), we can race if the structure is freed before other tasks are done with it, creating a use-after-free condition. Manfred illustrates this nicely, for instance with shared mem and selinux: -> do_shmat calls rcu_read_lock() -> do_shmat calls shm_object_check(). Checks that the object is still valid - but doesn't acquire any locks. Then it returns. -> do_shmat calls security_shm_shmat (e.g. selinux_shm_shmat) -> selinux_shm_shmat calls ipc_has_perm() -> ipc_has_perm accesses ipc_perms->security shm_close() -> shm_close acquires rw_mutex & shm_lock -> shm_close calls shm_destroy -> shm_destroy calls security_shm_free (e.g. selinux_shm_free_security) -> selinux_shm_free_security calls ipc_free_security(&shp->shm_perm) -> ipc_free_security calls kfree(ipc_perms->security) This patch delays the freeing of the security structures after all RCU readers are done. Furthermore it aligns the security life cycle with that of the rest of IPC - freeing them based on the reference counter. For situations where we need not free security, the current behavior is kept. Linus states: "... the old behavior was suspect for another reason too: having the security blob go away from under a user sounds like it could cause various other problems anyway, so I think the old code was at least _prone_ to bugs even if it didn't have catastrophic behavior." I have tested this patch with IPC testcases from LTP on both my quad-core laptop and on a 64 core NUMA server. In both cases selinux is enabled, and tests pass for both voluntary and forced preemption models. While the mentioned races are theoretical (at least no one as reported them), I wanted to make sure that this new logic doesn't break anything we weren't aware of. Suggested-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Acked-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-09-11ipc: drop ipc_lock_checkDavidlohr Bueso-17/+0
No remaining users, we now use ipc_obtain_object_check(). Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Cc: Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@gmail.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-09-11ipc, shm: drop shm_lock_checkDavidlohr Bueso-11/+0
This function was replaced by a the lockless shm_obtain_object_check(), and no longer has any users. Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Cc: Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@gmail.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-09-11ipc: drop ipc_lock_by_ptrDavidlohr Bueso-9/+6
After previous cleanups and optimizations, this function is no longer heavily used and we don't have a good reason to keep it. Update the few remaining callers and get rid of it. Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Cc: Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@gmail.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-09-11ipc, shm: guard against non-existant vma in shmdt(2)Davidlohr Bueso-2/+1
When !CONFIG_MMU there's a chance we can derefence a NULL pointer when the VM area isn't found - check the return value of find_vma(). Also, remove the redundant -EINVAL return: retval is set to the proper return code and *only* changed to 0, when we actually unmap the segments. Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Cc: Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@gmail.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-09-11ipc: document general ipc locking schemeDavidlohr Bueso-0/+8
As suggested by Andrew, add a generic initial locking scheme used throughout all sysv ipc mechanisms. Documenting the ids rwsem, how rcu can be enough to do the initial checks and when to actually acquire the kern_ipc_perm.lock spinlock. I found that adding it to util.c was generic enough. Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Tested-by: Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@gmail.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-09-11ipc,msg: drop msg_unlockDavidlohr Bueso-3/+2
There is only one user left, drop this function and just call ipc_unlock_object() and rcu_read_unlock(). Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Tested-by: Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@gmail.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-09-11ipc: rename ids->rw_mutexDavidlohr Bueso-68/+68
Since in some situations the lock can be shared for readers, we shouldn't be calling it a mutex, rename it to rwsem. Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Tested-by: Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@gmail.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-09-11ipc,shm: shorten critical region for shmatDavidlohr Bueso-4/+10
Similar to other system calls, acquire the kern_ipc_perm lock after doing the initial permission and security checks. [sasha.levin@oracle.com: dont leave do_shmat with rcu lock held] Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Tested-by: Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@gmail.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-09-11ipc,shm: cleanup do_shmat pastaDavidlohr Bueso-14/+12
Clean up some of the messy do_shmat() spaghetti code, getting rid of out_free and out_put_dentry labels. This makes shortening the critical region of this function in the next patch a little easier to do and read. Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Tested-by: Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@gmail.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-09-11ipc,shm: shorten critical region for shmctlDavidlohr Bueso-24/+25
With the *_INFO, *_STAT, IPC_RMID and IPC_SET commands already optimized, deal with the remaining SHM_LOCK and SHM_UNLOCK commands. Take the shm_perm lock after doing the initial auditing and security checks. The rest of the logic remains unchanged. Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Tested-by: Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@gmail.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-09-11ipc,shm: make shmctl_nolock locklessDavidlohr Bueso-7/+12
While the INFO cmd doesn't take the ipc lock, the STAT commands do acquire it unnecessarily. We can do the permissions and security checks only holding the rcu lock. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Tested-by: Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@gmail.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-09-11ipc,shm: introduce shmctl_nolockDavidlohr Bueso-18/+39
Similar to semctl and msgctl, when calling msgctl, the *_INFO and *_STAT commands can be performed without acquiring the ipc object. Add a shmctl_nolock() function and move the logic of *_INFO and *_STAT out of msgctl(). Since we are just moving functionality, this change still takes the lock and it will be properly lockless in the next patch. Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Tested-by: Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@gmail.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-09-11ipc: drop ipcctl_pre_downDavidlohr Bueso-23/+4
Now that sem, msgque and shm, through *_down(), all use the lockless variant of ipcctl_pre_down(), go ahead and delete it. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix function name in kerneldoc, cleanups] Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Tested-by: Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@gmail.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-09-11ipc,shm: shorten critical region in shmctl_downDavidlohr Bueso-4/+6
Instead of holding the ipc lock for the entire function, use the ipcctl_pre_down_nolock and only acquire the lock for specific commands: RMID and SET. Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Tested-by: Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@gmail.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-09-11ipc,shm: introduce lockless functions to obtain the ipc objectDavidlohr Bueso-0/+20
This is the third and final patchset that deals with reducing the amount of contention we impose on the ipc lock (kern_ipc_perm.lock). These changes mostly deal with shared memory, previous work has already been done for semaphores and message queues: http://lkml.org/lkml/2013/3/20/546 (sems) http://lkml.org/lkml/2013/5/15/584 (mqueues) With these patches applied, a custom shm microbenchmark stressing shmctl doing IPC_STAT with 4 threads a million times, reduces the execution time by 50%. A similar run, this time with IPC_SET, reduces the execution time from 3 mins and 35 secs to 27 seconds. Patches 1-8: replaces blindly taking the ipc lock for a smarter combination of rcu and ipc_obtain_object, only acquiring the spinlock when updating. Patch 9: renames the ids rw_mutex to rwsem, which is what it already was. Patch 10: is a trivial mqueue leftover cleanup Patch 11: adds a brief lock scheme description, requested by Andrew. This patch: Add shm_obtain_object() and shm_obtain_object_check(), which will allow us to get the ipc object without acquiring the lock. Just as with other forms of ipc, these functions are basically wrappers around ipc_obtain_object*(). Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Tested-by: Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@gmail.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>