path: root/lib/dump_stack.c
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2017-03-02sched/headers: Prepare for new header dependencies before moving code to ↵Ingo Molnar-0/+1
<linux/sched/debug.h> We are going to split <linux/sched/debug.h> out of <linux/sched.h>, which will have to be picked up from other headers and a couple of .c files. Create a trivial placeholder <linux/sched/debug.h> file that just maps to <linux/sched.h> to make this patch obviously correct and bisectable. Include the new header in the files that are going to need it. Acked-by: Linus Torvalds <> Cc: Mike Galbraith <> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <> Cc: Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <>
2016-02-05dump_stack: avoid potential deadlocksEric Dumazet-3/+4
Some servers experienced fatal deadlocks because of a combination of bugs, leading to multiple cpus calling dump_stack(). The checksumming bug was fixed in commit 34ae6a1aa054 ("ipv6: update skb->csum when CE mark is propagated"). The second problem is a faulty locking in dump_stack() CPU1 runs in process context and calls dump_stack(), grabs dump_lock. CPU2 receives a TCP packet under softirq, grabs socket spinlock, and call dump_stack() from netdev_rx_csum_fault(). dump_stack() spins on atomic_cmpxchg(&dump_lock, -1, 2), since dump_lock is owned by CPU1 While dumping its stack, CPU1 is interrupted by a softirq, and happens to process a packet for the TCP socket locked by CPU2. CPU1 spins forever in spin_lock() : deadlock Stack trace on CPU1 looked like : NMI backtrace for cpu 1 RIP: _raw_spin_lock+0x25/0x30 ... Call Trace: <IRQ> tcp_v6_rcv+0x243/0x620 ip6_input_finish+0x11f/0x330 ip6_input+0x38/0x40 ip6_rcv_finish+0x3c/0x90 ipv6_rcv+0x2a9/0x500 process_backlog+0x461/0xaa0 net_rx_action+0x147/0x430 __do_softirq+0x167/0x2d0 call_softirq+0x1c/0x30 do_softirq+0x3f/0x80 irq_exit+0x6e/0xc0 smp_call_function_single_interrupt+0x35/0x40 call_function_single_interrupt+0x6a/0x70 <EOI> printk+0x4d/0x4f printk_address+0x31/0x33 print_trace_address+0x33/0x3c print_context_stack+0x7f/0x119 dump_trace+0x26b/0x28e show_trace_log_lvl+0x4f/0x5c show_stack_log_lvl+0x104/0x113 show_stack+0x42/0x44 dump_stack+0x46/0x58 netdev_rx_csum_fault+0x38/0x3c __skb_checksum_complete_head+0x6e/0x80 __skb_checksum_complete+0x11/0x20 tcp_rcv_established+0x2bd5/0x2fd0 tcp_v6_do_rcv+0x13c/0x620 sk_backlog_rcv+0x15/0x30 release_sock+0xd2/0x150 tcp_recvmsg+0x1c1/0xfc0 inet_recvmsg+0x7d/0x90 sock_recvmsg+0xaf/0xe0 ___sys_recvmsg+0x111/0x3b0 SyS_recvmsg+0x5c/0xb0 system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b Fixes: b58d977432c8 ("dump_stack: serialize the output from dump_stack()") Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <> Cc: Alex Thorlton <> Cc: <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2014-05-05asmlinkage: Add explicit __visible to drivers/*, lib/*, kernel/*Andi Kleen-2/+2
As requested by Linus add explicit __visible to the asmlinkage users. This marks functions visible to assembler. Tree sweep for rest of tree. Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <> Link: Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <>
2013-08-06x86, asmlinkage: Make dump_stack visibleAndi Kleen-2/+2
dump_stack is used from assembler code, so make it visible. Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <> Link: Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <>
2013-07-03dump_stack: serialize the output from dump_stack()Alex Thorlton-2/+45
Add functionality to serialize the output from dump_stack() to avoid mangling of the output when dump_stack is called simultaneously from multiple cpus. [ fix comment indenting, avoid inclusion of <asm/> files - use <linux/> where possiblem fix uniprocessor build (__dump_stack undefined), remove unneeded ifdef around smp.h inclusion] Signed-off-by: Alex Thorlton <> Reported-by: Russ Anderson <> Reviewed-by: Robin Holt <> Cc: Vineet Gupta <> Cc: David S. Miller <> Cc: Richard Kuo <> Cc: Jesper Nilsson <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2013-04-30dump_stack: consolidate dump_stack() implementations and unify their behaviorsTejun Heo-3/+8
Both dump_stack() and show_stack() are currently implemented by each architecture. show_stack(NULL, NULL) dumps the backtrace for the current task as does dump_stack(). On some archs, dump_stack() prints extra information - pid, utsname and so on - in addition to the backtrace while the two are identical on other archs. The usages in arch-independent code of the two functions indicate show_stack(NULL, NULL) should print out bare backtrace while dump_stack() is used for debugging purposes when something went wrong, so it does make sense to print additional information on the task which triggered dump_stack(). There's no reason to require archs to implement two separate but mostly identical functions. It leads to unnecessary subtle information. This patch expands the dummy fallback dump_stack() implementation in lib/dump_stack.c such that it prints out debug information (taken from x86) and invokes show_stack(NULL, NULL) and drops arch-specific dump_stack() implementations in all archs except blackfin. Blackfin's dump_stack() does something wonky that I don't understand. Debug information can be printed separately by calling dump_stack_print_info() so that arch-specific dump_stack() implementation can still emit the same debug information. This is used in blackfin. This patch brings the following behavior changes. * On some archs, an extra level in backtrace for show_stack() could be printed. This is because the top frame was determined in dump_stack() on those archs while generic dump_stack() can't do that reliably. It can be compensated by inlining dump_stack() but not sure whether that'd be necessary. * Most archs didn't use to print debug info on dump_stack(). They do now. An example WARN dump follows. WARNING: at kernel/workqueue.c:4841 init_workqueues+0x35/0x505() Hardware name: empty Modules linked in: CPU: 0 PID: 1 Comm: swapper/0 Not tainted 3.9.0-rc1-work+ #9 0000000000000009 ffff88007c861e08 ffffffff81c614dc ffff88007c861e48 ffffffff8108f50f ffffffff82228240 0000000000000040 ffffffff8234a03c 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 ffff88007c861e58 Call Trace: [<ffffffff81c614dc>] dump_stack+0x19/0x1b [<ffffffff8108f50f>] warn_slowpath_common+0x7f/0xc0 [<ffffffff8108f56a>] warn_slowpath_null+0x1a/0x20 [<ffffffff8234a071>] init_workqueues+0x35/0x505 ... v2: CPU number added to the generic debug info as requested by s390 folks and dropped the s390 specific dump_stack(). This loses %ksp from the debug message which the maintainers think isn't important enough to keep the s390-specific dump_stack() implementation. dump_stack_print_info() is moved to kernel/printk.c from lib/dump_stack.c. Because linkage is per objecct file, dump_stack_print_info() living in the same lib file as generic dump_stack() means that archs which implement custom dump_stack() - at this point, only blackfin - can't use dump_stack_print_info() as that will bring in the generic version of dump_stack() too. v1 The v1 patch broke build on blackfin due to this issue. The build breakage was reported by Fengguang Wu. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <> Acked-by: David S. Miller <> Acked-by: Vineet Gupta <> Acked-by: Jesper Nilsson <> Acked-by: Vineet Gupta <> Acked-by: Martin Schwidefsky <> [s390 bits] Cc: Heiko Carstens <> Cc: Mike Frysinger <> Cc: Fengguang Wu <> Cc: Bjorn Helgaas <> Cc: Sam Ravnborg <> Acked-by: Richard Kuo <> [hexagon bits] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2012-03-07lib: reduce the use of module.h wherever possiblePaul Gortmaker-1/+1
For files only using THIS_MODULE and/or EXPORT_SYMBOL, map them onto including export.h -- or if the file isn't even using those, then just delete the include. Fix up any implicit include dependencies that were being masked by module.h along the way. Signed-off-by: Paul Gortmaker <>
2005-04-16Linux-2.6.12-rc2v2.6.12-rc2Linus Torvalds-0/+15
Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history, even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about 3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good infrastructure for it. Let it rip!