path: root/mm/filemap.h
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2006-10-04Remove all inclusions of <linux/config.h>Dave Jones-1/+0
kbuild explicitly includes this at build time. Signed-off-by: Dave Jones <>
2006-06-29[PATCH] generic_file_buffered_write(): handle zero-length iovec segmentsAndrew Morton-2/+2
The recent generic_file_write() deadlock fix caused generic_file_buffered_write() to loop inifinitely when presented with a zero-length iovec segment. Fix. Note that this fix deliberately avoids calling ->prepare_write(), ->commit_write() etc with a zero-length write. This is because I don't trust all filesystems to get that right. This is a cautious approach, for 2.6.17.x. For 2.6.18 we should just go ahead and call ->prepare_write() and ->commit_write() with the zero length and fix any broken filesystems. So I'll make that change once this code is stabilised and backported into 2.6.17.x. The reason for preferring to call ->prepare_write() and ->commit_write() with the zero-length segment: a zero-length segment _should_ be sufficiently uncommon that this is the correct way of handling it. We don't want to optimise for poorly-written userspace at the expense of well-written userspace. Cc: "Vladimir V. Saveliev" <> Cc: Neil Brown <> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <> Cc: Chris Wright <> Cc: Greg KH <> Cc: <> Cc: walt <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2006-06-25[PATCH] Prepare for __copy_from_user_inatomic to not zero missed bytesNeilBrown-8/+18
The problem is that when we write to a file, the copy from userspace to pagecache is first done with preemption disabled, so if the source address is not immediately available the copy fails *and* *zeros* *the* *destination*. This is a problem because a concurrent read (which admittedly is an odd thing to do) might see zeros rather that was there before the write, or what was there after, or some mixture of the two (any of these being a reasonable thing to see). If the copy did fail, it will immediately be retried with preemption re-enabled so any transient problem with accessing the source won't cause an error. The first copying does not need to zero any uncopied bytes, and doing so causes the problem. It uses copy_from_user_atomic rather than copy_from_user so the simple expedient is to change copy_from_user_atomic to *not* zero out bytes on failure. The first of these two patches prepares for the change by fixing two places which assume copy_from_user_atomic does zero the tail. The two usages are very similar pieces of code which copy from a userspace iovec into one or more page-cache pages. These are changed to remove the assumption. The second patch changes __copy_from_user_inatomic* to not zero the tail. Once these are accepted, I will look at similar patches of other architectures where this is important (ppc, mips and sparc being the ones I can find). This patch: There is a problem with __copy_from_user_inatomic zeroing the tail of the buffer in the case of an error. As it is called in atomic context, the error may be transient, so it results in zeros being written where maybe they shouldn't be. In the usage in filemap, this opens a window for a well timed read to see data (zeros) which is not consistent with any ordering of reads and writes. Most cases where __copy_from_user_inatomic is called, a failure results in __copy_from_user being called immediately. As long as the latter zeros the tail, the former doesn't need to. However in *copy_from_user_iovec implementations (in both filemap and ntfs/file), it is assumed that copy_from_user_inatomic will zero the tail. This patch removes that assumption, so that after this patch it will be safe for copy_from_user_inatomic to not zero the tail. This patch also adds some commentary to filemap.h and asm-i386/uaccess.h. After this patch, all architectures that might disable preempt when kmap_atomic is called need to have their __copy_from_user_inatomic* "fixed". This includes - powerpc - i386 - mips - sparc Signed-off-by: Neil Brown <> Cc: David Howells <> Cc: Anton Altaparmakov <> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <> Cc: Paul Mackerras <> Cc: Ralf Baechle <> Cc: William Lee Irwin III <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2006-06-23[PATCH] x86: cache pollution aware __copy_from_user_ll()Hiro Yoshioka-3/+3
Use the x86 cache-bypassing copy instructions for copy_from_user(). Some performance data are Total of GLOBAL_POWER_EVENTS (CPU cycle samples) 1921587 1599424 1599424/1921587=83.23% (16.77% reduction) BSQ_CACHE_REFERENCE (L3 cache miss) 57427 20858 20858/57427=36.32% (63.7% reduction) L3 cache miss reduction of __copy_from_user_ll samples % 37408 65.1412 vmlinux __copy_from_user_ll 23 0.1103 vmlinux __copy_user_zeroing_intel_nocache 23/37408=0.061% (99.94% reduction) Top 5 of Counted GLOBAL_POWER_EVENTS events (time during which processor is not stopped) with a unit mask of 0x01 (mandatory) count 100000 samples % app name symbol name 128392 8.0274 vmlinux __copy_user_zeroing_intel_nocache 64206 4.0143 vmlinux journal_add_journal_head 59746 3.7355 vmlinux do_get_write_access 47674 2.9807 vmlinux journal_put_journal_head 46021 2.8774 vmlinux journal_dirty_metadata pattern9-0-cpu4-0-09011728/summary.out Counted BSQ_CACHE_REFERENCE events (cache references seen by the bus unit) with a unit mask of 0x3f (multiple flags) count 3000 samples % app name symbol name 69755 4.2861 vmlinux __copy_user_zeroing_intel_nocache 55685 3.4215 vmlinux journal_add_journal_head 52371 3.2179 vmlinux __find_get_block 45504 2.7960 vmlinux journal_put_journal_head 36005 2.2123 vmlinux journal_stop pattern9-0-cpu4-0-09011744/summary.out Counted BSQ_CACHE_REFERENCE events (cache references seen by the bus unit) with a unit mask of 0x200 (read 3rd level cache miss) count 3000 samples % app name symbol name 1147 5.4994 vmlinux journal_add_journal_head 881 4.2240 vmlinux journal_dirty_data 872 4.1809 vmlinux blk_rq_map_sg 734 3.5192 vmlinux journal_commit_transaction 617 2.9582 vmlinux radix_tree_delete pattern9-0-cpu4-0-09011731/summary.out iozone results are original CPU time = 207.768 sec cache aware CPU time = 184.783 sec (three times run) 184.783/207.768=88.94% (11.06% reduction) original: pattern9-0-cpu4-0-08191720/iozone.out: CPU Utilization: Wall time 45.997 CPU time 64.527 CPU utilization 140.28 % pattern9-0-cpu4-0-08191741/iozone.out: CPU Utilization: Wall time 46.878 CPU time 71.933 CPU utilization 153.45 % pattern9-0-cpu4-0-08191743/iozone.out: CPU Utilization: Wall time 45.152 CPU time 71.308 CPU utilization 157.93 % cache awre: pattern9-0-cpu4-0-09011728/iozone.out: CPU Utilization: Wall time 44.842 CPU time 62.465 CPU utilization 139.30 % pattern9-0-cpu4-0-09011731/iozone.out: CPU Utilization: Wall time 44.718 CPU time 59.273 CPU utilization 132.55 % pattern9-0-cpu4-0-09011744/iozone.out: CPU Utilization: Wall time 44.367 CPU time 63.045 CPU utilization 142.10 % Signed-off-by: Hiro Yoshioka <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2005-06-24[PATCH] xip: reduce code duplicationCarsten Otte-1/+1
This patch reworks filemap_xip.c with the goal to reduce code duplication from mm/filemap.c. It applies agains 2.6.12-rc6-mm1. Instead of implementing the aio functions, this one implements the synchronous read/write functions only. For readv and writev, the generic fallback is used. For aio, we rely on the application doing the fallback. Since our "synchronous" function does memcpy immediately anyway, there is no performance difference between using the fallbacks or implementing each operation. Signed-off-by: Carsten Otte <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2005-06-24[PATCH] xip: fs/mm: execute in placeCarsten Otte-0/+94
- generic_file* file operations do no longer have a xip/non-xip split - filemap_xip.c implements a new set of fops that require get_xip_page aop to work proper. all new fops are exported GPL-only (don't like to see whatever code use those except GPL modules) - __xip_unmap now uses page_check_address, which is no longer static in rmap.c, and defined in linux/rmap.h - mm/filemap.h is now much more clean, plainly having just Linus' inline funcs moved here from filemap.c - fix includes in filemap_xip to make it build cleanly on i386 Signed-off-by: Carsten Otte <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>