path: root/mm/page_io.c
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2020-02-03fs: Enable bmap() function to properly return errorsCarlos Maiolino-4/+7
By now, bmap() will either return the physical block number related to the requested file offset or 0 in case of error or the requested offset maps into a hole. This patch makes the needed changes to enable bmap() to proper return errors, using the return value as an error return, and now, a pointer must be passed to bmap() to be filled with the mapped physical block. It will change the behavior of bmap() on return: - negative value in case of error - zero on success or map fell into a hole In case of a hole, the *block will be zero too Since this is a prep patch, by now, the only error return is -EINVAL if ->bmap doesn't exist. Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <> Signed-off-by: Carlos Maiolino <> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <>
2019-12-01mm/page_io.c: annotate refault stalls from swap_readpageMinchan Kim-2/+13
If a block device supports rw_page operation, it doesn't submit bios so the annotation in submit_bio() for refault stall doesn't work. It happens with zram in android, especially swap read path which could consume CPU cycle for decompress. It is also a problem for zswap which uses frontswap. Annotate swap_readpage() to account the synchronous IO overhead to prevent underreport memory pressure. [ add comment, per Johannes] Link: Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <> Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <> Reviewed-by: Shakeel Butt <> Cc: Seth Jennings <> Cc: Dan Streetman <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2019-11-15mm/page_io.c: do not free shared swap slotsVinayak Menon-3/+3
The following race is observed due to which a processes faulting on a swap entry, finds the page neither in swapcache nor swap. This causes zram to give a zero filled page that gets mapped to the process, resulting in a user space crash later. Consider parent and child processes Pa and Pb sharing the same swap slot with swap_count 2. Swap is on zram with SWP_SYNCHRONOUS_IO set. Virtual address 'VA' of Pa and Pb points to the shared swap entry. Pa Pb fault on VA fault on VA do_swap_page do_swap_page lookup_swap_cache fails lookup_swap_cache fails Pb scheduled out swapin_readahead (deletes zram entry) swap_free (makes swap_count 1) Pb scheduled in swap_readpage (swap_count == 1) Takes SWP_SYNCHRONOUS_IO path zram enrty absent zram gives a zero filled page Fix this by making sure that swap slot is freed only when swap count drops down to one. Link: Fixes: aa8d22a11da9 ("mm: swap: SWP_SYNCHRONOUS_IO: skip swapcache only if swapped page has no other reference") Signed-off-by: Vinayak Menon <> Suggested-by: Minchan Kim <> Acked-by: Minchan Kim <> Cc: Michal Hocko <> Cc: Hugh Dickins <> Cc: <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2019-07-12mm, swap: use rbtree for swap_extentAaron Lu-1/+1
swap_extent is used to map swap page offset to backing device's block offset. For a continuous block range, one swap_extent is used and all these swap_extents are managed in a linked list. These swap_extents are used by map_swap_entry() during swap's read and write path. To find out the backing device's block offset for a page offset, the swap_extent list will be traversed linearly, with curr_swap_extent being used as a cache to speed up the search. This works well as long as swap_extents are not huge or when the number of processes that access swap device are few, but when the swap device has many extents and there are a number of processes accessing the swap device concurrently, it can be a problem. On one of our servers, the disk's remaining size is tight: $df -h Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on ... ... /dev/nvme0n1p1 1.8T 1.3T 504G 72% /home/t4 When creating a 80G swapfile there, there are as many as 84656 swap extents. The end result is, kernel spends abou 30% time in map_swap_entry() and swap throughput is only 70MB/s. As a comparison, when I used smaller sized swapfile, like 4G whose swap_extent dropped to 2000, swap throughput is back to 400-500MB/s and map_swap_entry() is about 3%. One downside of using rbtree for swap_extent is, 'struct rbtree' takes 24 bytes while 'struct list_head' takes 16 bytes, that's 8 bytes more for each swap_extent. For a swapfile that has 80k swap_extents, that means 625KiB more memory consumed. Test: Since it's not possible to reboot that server, I can not test this patch diretly there. Instead, I tested it on another server with NVMe disk. I created a 20G swapfile on an NVMe backed XFS fs. By default, the filesystem is quite clean and the created swapfile has only 2 extents. Testing vanilla and this patch shows no obvious performance difference when swapfile is not fragmented. To see the patch's effects, I used some tweaks to manually fragment the swapfile by breaking the extent at 1M boundary. This made the swapfile have 20K extents. nr_task=4 kernel swapout(KB/s) map_swap_entry(perf) swapin(KB/s) map_swap_entry(perf) vanilla 165191 90.77% 171798 90.21% patched 858993 +420% 2.16% 715827 +317% 0.77% nr_task=8 kernel swapout(KB/s) map_swap_entry(perf) swapin(KB/s) map_swap_entry(perf) vanilla 306783 92.19% 318145 87.76% patched 954437 +211% 2.35% 1073741 +237% 1.57% swapout: the throughput of swap out, in KB/s, higher is better 1st map_swap_entry: cpu cycles percent sampled by perf swapin: the throughput of swap in, in KB/s, higher is better. 2nd map_swap_entry: cpu cycles percent sampled by perf nr_task=1 doesn't show any difference, this is due to the curr_swap_extent can be effectively used to cache the correct swap extent for single task workload. [ s/BUG_ON(1)/BUG()/] Link: Signed-off-by: Aaron Lu <> Cc: Huang Ying <> Cc: Hugh Dickins <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2019-07-05swap_readpage(): avoid blk_wake_io_task() if !synchronousOleg Nesterov-5/+8
swap_readpage() sets waiter = bio->bi_private even if synchronous = F, this means that the caller can get the spurious wakeup after return. This can be fatal if blk_wake_io_task() does set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING) after the caller does set_special_state(), in the worst case the kernel can crash in do_task_dead(). Link: Fixes: 0619317ff8baa2d ("block: add polled wakeup task helper") Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <> Reported-by: Qian Cai <> Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <> Reviewed-by: Jens Axboe <> Cc: <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2019-06-29mm, swap: fix THP swap outHuang Ying-5/+2
0-Day test system reported some OOM regressions for several THP (Transparent Huge Page) swap test cases. These regressions are bisected to 6861428921b5 ("block: always define BIO_MAX_PAGES as 256"). In the commit, BIO_MAX_PAGES is set to 256 even when THP swap is enabled. So the bio_alloc(gfp_flags, 512) in get_swap_bio() may fail when swapping out THP. That causes the OOM. As in the patch description of 6861428921b5 ("block: always define BIO_MAX_PAGES as 256"), THP swap should use multi-page bvec to write THP to swap space. So the issue is fixed via doing that in get_swap_bio(). BTW: I remember I have checked the THP swap code when 6861428921b5 ("block: always define BIO_MAX_PAGES as 256") was merged, and thought the THP swap code needn't to be changed. But apparently, I was wrong. I should have done this at that time. Link: Fixes: 6861428921b5 ("block: always define BIO_MAX_PAGES as 256") Signed-off-by: "Huang, Ying" <> Reviewed-by: Ming Lei <> Cc: Michal Hocko <> Cc: Johannes Weiner <> Cc: Hugh Dickins <> Cc: Minchan Kim <> Cc: Rik van Riel <> Cc: Daniel Jordan <> Cc: Jens Axboe <> Cc: <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2019-01-04mm/page_io.c: fix polled swap page inJens Axboe-1/+3
swap_readpage() wants to do polling to bring in pages if asked to, but it doesn't mark the bio as being polled. Additionally, the looping around the blk_poll() check isn't correct - if we get a zero return, we should call io_schedule(), we can't just assume that the bio has completed. The regular bio->bi_private check should be used for that. Link: Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <> Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2019-01-02block: don't use un-ordered __set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE)Linus Torvalds-2/+1
This mostly reverts commit 849a370016a5 ("block: avoid ordered task state change for polled IO"). It was wrongly claiming that the ordering wasn't necessary. The memory barrier _is_ necessary. If something is truly polling and not going to sleep, it's the whole state setting that is unnecessary, not the memory barrier. Whenever you set your state to a sleeping state, you absolutely need the memory barrier. Note that sometimes the memory barrier can be elsewhere. For example, the ordering might be provided by an external lock, or by setting the process state to sleeping before adding yourself to the wait queue list that is used for waking up (where the wait queue lock itself will guarantee that any wakeup will correctly see the sleeping state). But none of those cases were true here. NOTE! Some of the polling paths may indeed be able to drop the state setting entirely, at which point the memory barrier also goes away. (Also note that this doesn't revert the TASK_RUNNING cases: there is no race between a wakeup and setting the process state to TASK_RUNNING, since the end result doesn't depend on ordering). Cc: Jens Axboe <> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2018-12-07blkcg: associate a blkg for pages being evicted by swapDennis Zhou-1/+1
A prior patch in this series added blkg association to bios issued by cgroups. There are two other paths that we want to attribute work back to the appropriate cgroup: swap and writeback. Here we modify the way swap tags bios to include the blkg. Writeback will be tackle in the next patch. Signed-off-by: Dennis Zhou <> Reviewed-by: Josef Bacik <> Acked-by: Tejun Heo <> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <>
2018-11-26block: make blk_poll() take a parameter on whether to spin or notJens Axboe-1/+1
blk_poll() has always kept spinning until it found an IO. This is fine for SYNC polling, since we need to find one request we have pending, but in preparation for ASYNC polling it can be beneficial to just check if we have any entries available or not. Existing callers are converted to pass in 'spin == true', to retain the old behavior. Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <>
2018-11-19block: avoid ordered task state change for polled IOJens Axboe-1/+2
For the core poll helper, the task state setting don't need to imply any atomics, as it's the current task itself that is being modified and we're not going to sleep. For IRQ driven, the wakeup path have the necessary barriers to not need us using the heavy handed version of the task state setting. Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <>
2018-11-16block: add polled wakeup task helperJens Axboe-1/+1
If we're polling for IO on a device that doesn't use interrupts, then IO completion loop (and wake of task) is done by submitting task itself. If that is the case, then we don't need to enter the wake_up_process() function, we can simply mark ourselves as TASK_RUNNING. Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <>
2018-11-02Merge tag 'for-linus-20181102' of git:// Torvalds-1/+1
Pull block layer fixes from Jens Axboe: "The biggest part of this pull request is the revert of the blkcg cleanup series. It had one fix earlier for a stacked device issue, but another one was reported. Rather than play whack-a-mole with this, revert the entire series and try again for the next kernel release. Apart from that, only small fixes/changes. Summary: - Indentation fixup for mtip32xx (Colin Ian King) - The blkcg cleanup series revert (Dennis Zhou) - Two NVMe fixes. One fixing a regression in the nvme request initialization in this merge window, causing nvme-fc to not work. The other is a suspend/resume p2p resource issue (James, Keith) - Fix sg discard merge, allowing us to merge in cases where we didn't before (Jianchao Wang) - Call rq_qos_exit() after the queue is frozen, preventing a hang (Ming) - Fix brd queue setup, fixing an oops if we fail setting up all devices (Ming)" * tag 'for-linus-20181102' of git:// nvme-pci: fix conflicting p2p resource adds nvme-fc: fix request private initialization blkcg: revert blkcg cleanups series block: brd: associate with queue until adding disk block: call rq_qos_exit() after queue is frozen mtip32xx: clean an indentation issue, remove extraneous tabs block: fix the DISCARD request merge
2018-11-01Merge branch 'work.afs' of ↵Linus Torvalds-1/+1
git:// Pull AFS updates from Al Viro: "AFS series, with some iov_iter bits included" * 'work.afs' of git:// (26 commits) missing bits of "iov_iter: Separate type from direction and use accessor functions" afs: Probe multiple fileservers simultaneously afs: Fix callback handling afs: Eliminate the address pointer from the address list cursor afs: Allow dumping of server cursor on operation failure afs: Implement YFS support in the fs client afs: Expand data structure fields to support YFS afs: Get the target vnode in afs_rmdir() and get a callback on it afs: Calc callback expiry in op reply delivery afs: Fix FS.FetchStatus delivery from updating wrong vnode afs: Implement the YFS cache manager service afs: Remove callback details from afs_callback_break struct afs: Commit the status on a new file/dir/symlink afs: Increase to 64-bit volume ID and 96-bit vnode ID for YFS afs: Don't invoke the server to read data beyond EOF afs: Add a couple of tracepoints to log I/O errors afs: Handle EIO from delivery function afs: Fix TTL on VL server and address lists afs: Implement VL server rotation afs: Improve FS server rotation error handling ...
2018-11-01blkcg: revert blkcg cleanups seriesDennis Zhou-1/+1
This reverts a series committed earlier due to null pointer exception bug report in [1]. It seems there are edge case interactions that I did not consider and will need some time to understand what causes the adverse interactions. The original series can be found in [2] with a follow up series in [3]. [1] [2] [3] This reverts the following commits: d459d853c2ed, b2c3fa546705, 101246ec02b5, b3b9f24f5fcc, e2b0989954ae, f0fcb3ec89f3, c839e7a03f92, bdc2491708c4, 74b7c02a9bc1, 5bf9a1f3b4ef, a7b39b4e961c, 07b05bcc3213, 49f4c2dc2b50, 27e6fa996c53 Signed-off-by: Dennis Zhou <> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <>
2018-10-26mm: split SWP_FILE into SWP_ACTIVATED and SWP_FSOmar Sandoval-3/+3
The SWP_FILE flag serves two purposes: to make swap_{read,write}page() go through the filesystem, and to make swapoff() call ->swap_deactivate(). For Btrfs, we want the latter but not the former, so split this flag into two. This makes us always call ->swap_deactivate() if ->swap_activate() succeeded, not just if it didn't add any swap extents itself. This also resolves the issue of the very misleading name of SWP_FILE, which is only used for swap files over NFS. Link: Signed-off-by: Omar Sandoval <> Reviewed-by: Nikolay Borisov <> Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <> Cc: Johannes Weiner <> Cc: David Sterba <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2018-10-24iov_iter: Separate type from direction and use accessor functionsDavid Howells-1/+1
In the iov_iter struct, separate the iterator type from the iterator direction and use accessor functions to access them in most places. Convert a bunch of places to use switch-statements to access them rather then chains of bitwise-AND statements. This makes it easier to add further iterator types. Also, this can be more efficient as to implement a switch of small contiguous integers, the compiler can use ~50% fewer compare instructions than it has to use bitwise-and instructions. Further, cease passing the iterator type into the iterator setup function. The iterator function can set that itself. Only the direction is required. Signed-off-by: David Howells <>
2018-09-21blkcg: associate a blkg for pages being evicted by swapDennis Zhou (Facebook)-1/+1
A prior patch in this series added blkg association to bios issued by cgroups. There are two other paths that we want to attribute work back to the appropriate cgroup: swap and writeback. Here we modify the way swap tags bios to include the blkg. Writeback will be tackle in the next patch. Signed-off-by: Dennis Zhou <> Reviewed-by: Josef Bacik <> Acked-by: Tejun Heo <> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <>
2018-07-09swap,blkcg: issue swap io with the appropriate contextTejun Heo-0/+1
For backcharging we need to know who the page belongs to when swapping it out. We don't worry about things that do ->rw_page (zram etc) at the moment, we're only worried about pages that actually go to a block device. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <> Signed-off-by: Josef Bacik <> Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <> Acked-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <>
2018-07-09blk: introduce REQ_SWAPJosef Bacik-1/+1
Just like REQ_META, it's important to know the IO coming down is swap in order to guard against potential IO priority inversion issues with cgroups. Add REQ_SWAP and use it for all swap IO, and add it to our bio_issue_as_root_blkg helper. Signed-off-by: Josef Bacik <> Acked-by: Tejun Heo <> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <>
2018-01-06block: convert to bio_first_bvec_all & bio_first_page_allMing Lei-2/+2
This patch converts to bio_first_bvec_all() & bio_first_page_all() for retrieving the 1st bvec/page, and prepares for supporting multipage bvec. Signed-off-by: Ming Lei <> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <>
2017-11-15mm, swap: skip swapcache for swapin of synchronous deviceMinchan Kim-3/+3
With fast swap storage, the platforms want to use swap more aggressively and swap-in is crucial to application latency. The rw_page() based synchronous devices like zram, pmem and btt are such fast storage. When I profile swapin performance with zram lz4 decompress test, S/W overhead is more than 70%. Maybe, it would be bigger in nvdimm. This patch aims to reduce swap-in latency by skipping swapcache if the swap device is synchronous device like rw_page based device. It enhances 45% my swapin test(5G sequential swapin, no readahead, from 2.41sec to 1.64sec). Link: Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <> Cc: Dan Williams <> Cc: Ross Zwisler <> Cc: Hugh Dickins <> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <> Cc: Ilya Dryomov <> Cc: Jens Axboe <> Cc: Sergey Senozhatsky <> Cc: Huang Ying <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2017-11-14Merge branch 'for-4.15/block' of git:// Torvalds-1/+1
Pull core block layer updates from Jens Axboe: "This is the main pull request for block storage for 4.15-rc1. Nothing out of the ordinary in here, and no API changes or anything like that. Just various new features for drivers, core changes, etc. In particular, this pull request contains: - A patch series from Bart, closing the whole on blk/scsi-mq queue quescing. - A series from Christoph, building towards hidden gendisks (for multipath) and ability to move bio chains around. - NVMe - Support for native multipath for NVMe (Christoph). - Userspace notifications for AENs (Keith). - Command side-effects support (Keith). - SGL support (Chaitanya Kulkarni) - FC fixes and improvements (James Smart) - Lots of fixes and tweaks (Various) - bcache - New maintainer (Michael Lyle) - Writeback control improvements (Michael) - Various fixes (Coly, Elena, Eric, Liang, et al) - lightnvm updates, mostly centered around the pblk interface (Javier, Hans, and Rakesh). - Removal of unused bio/bvec kmap atomic interfaces (me, Christoph) - Writeback series that fix the much discussed hundreds of millions of sync-all units. This goes all the way, as discussed previously (me). - Fix for missing wakeup on writeback timer adjustments (Yafang Shao). - Fix laptop mode on blk-mq (me). - {mq,name} tupple lookup for IO schedulers, allowing us to have alias names. This means you can use 'deadline' on both !mq and on mq (where it's called mq-deadline). (me). - blktrace race fix, oopsing on sg load (me). - blk-mq optimizations (me). - Obscure waitqueue race fix for kyber (Omar). - NBD fixes (Josef). - Disable writeback throttling by default on bfq, like we do on cfq (Luca Miccio). - Series from Ming that enable us to treat flush requests on blk-mq like any other request. This is a really nice cleanup. - Series from Ming that improves merging on blk-mq with schedulers, getting us closer to flipping the switch on scsi-mq again. - BFQ updates (Paolo). - blk-mq atomic flags memory ordering fixes (Peter Z). - Loop cgroup support (Shaohua). - Lots of minor fixes from lots of different folks, both for core and driver code" * 'for-4.15/block' of git:// (294 commits) nvme: fix visibility of "uuid" ns attribute blk-mq: fixup some comment typos and lengths ide: ide-atapi: fix compile error with defining macro DEBUG blk-mq: improve tag waiting setup for non-shared tags brd: remove unused brd_mutex blk-mq: only run the hardware queue if IO is pending block: avoid null pointer dereference on null disk fs: guard_bio_eod() needs to consider partitions xtensa/simdisk: fix compile error nvme: expose subsys attribute to sysfs nvme: create 'slaves' and 'holders' entries for hidden controllers block: create 'slaves' and 'holders' entries for hidden gendisks nvme: also expose the namespace identification sysfs files for mpath nodes nvme: implement multipath access to nvme subsystems nvme: track shared namespaces nvme: introduce a nvme_ns_ids structure nvme: track subsystems block, nvme: Introduce blk_mq_req_flags_t block, scsi: Make SCSI quiesce and resume work reliably block: Add the QUEUE_FLAG_PREEMPT_ONLY request queue flag ...
2017-11-03block: add a poll_fn callback to struct request_queueChristoph Hellwig-1/+1
That we we can also poll non blk-mq queues. Mostly needed for the NVMe multipath code, but could also be useful elsewhere. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <> Reviewed-by: Hannes Reinecke <> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <>
2017-11-02License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no licenseGreg Kroah-Hartman-0/+1
Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license. By default all files without license information are under the default license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2. Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0' SPDX license identifier. The SPDX identifier is a legally binding shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text. This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and Philippe Ombredanne. How this work was done: Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of the use cases: - file had no licensing information it it. - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it, - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information, Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords. The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne. Philippe prepared the base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files. The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files assessed. Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s) to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was: - Files considered eligible had to be source code files. - Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5 lines of source - File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5 lines). All documentation files were explicitly excluded. The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license identifiers to apply. - when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was considered to have no license information in it, and the top level COPYING file license applied. For non */uapi/* files that summary was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 11139 and resulted in the first patch in this series. If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0". Results of that was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 930 and resulted in the second patch in this series. - if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in it (per prior point). Results summary: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------ GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 270 GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 169 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause) 21 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 17 LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 15 GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 14 ((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 5 LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 4 LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT) 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT) 1 and that resulted in the third patch in this series. - when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became the concluded license(s). - when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a license but the other didn't, or they both detected different licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred. - In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics). - When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. - If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier, the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later in time. In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights. The Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so they are related. Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks in about 15000 files. In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the correct identifier. Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch version early this week with: - a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected license ids and scores - reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+ files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct - reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction. This worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the different types of files to be modified. These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg. Thomas wrote a script to parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the format that the file expected. This script was further refined by Greg based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different comment types.) Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to generate the patches. Reviewed-by: Kate Stewart <> Reviewed-by: Philippe Ombredanne <> Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>
2017-09-07Merge branch 'for-4.14/block' of git:// Torvalds-8/+9
Pull block layer updates from Jens Axboe: "This is the first pull request for 4.14, containing most of the code changes. It's a quiet series this round, which I think we needed after the churn of the last few series. This contains: - Fix for a registration race in loop, from Anton Volkov. - Overflow complaint fix from Arnd for DAC960. - Series of drbd changes from the usual suspects. - Conversion of the stec/skd driver to blk-mq. From Bart. - A few BFQ improvements/fixes from Paolo. - CFQ improvement from Ritesh, allowing idling for group idle. - A few fixes found by Dan's smatch, courtesy of Dan. - A warning fixup for a race between changing the IO scheduler and device remova. From David Jeffery. - A few nbd fixes from Josef. - Support for cgroup info in blktrace, from Shaohua. - Also from Shaohua, new features in the null_blk driver to allow it to actually hold data, among other things. - Various corner cases and error handling fixes from Weiping Zhang. - Improvements to the IO stats tracking for blk-mq from me. Can drastically improve performance for fast devices and/or big machines. - Series from Christoph removing bi_bdev as being needed for IO submission, in preparation for nvme multipathing code. - Series from Bart, including various cleanups and fixes for switch fall through case complaints" * 'for-4.14/block' of git:// (162 commits) kernfs: checking for IS_ERR() instead of NULL drbd: remove BIOSET_NEED_RESCUER flag from drbd_{md_,}io_bio_set drbd: Fix allyesconfig build, fix recent commit drbd: switch from kmalloc() to kmalloc_array() drbd: abort drbd_start_resync if there is no connection drbd: move global variables to drbd namespace and make some static drbd: rename "usermode_helper" to "drbd_usermode_helper" drbd: fix race between handshake and admin disconnect/down drbd: fix potential deadlock when trying to detach during handshake drbd: A single dot should be put into a sequence. drbd: fix rmmod cleanup, remove _all_ debugfs entries drbd: Use setup_timer() instead of init_timer() to simplify the code. drbd: fix potential get_ldev/put_ldev refcount imbalance during attach drbd: new disk-option disable-write-same drbd: Fix resource role for newly created resources in events2 drbd: mark symbols static where possible drbd: Send P_NEG_ACK upon write error in protocol != C drbd: add explicit plugging when submitting batches drbd: change list_for_each_safe to while(list_first_entry_or_null) drbd: introduce drbd_recv_header_maybe_unplug ...
2017-09-06mm: test code to write THP to swap device as a wholeHuang Ying-5/+16
To support delay splitting THP (Transparent Huge Page) after swapped out, we need to enhance swap writing code to support to write a THP as a whole. This will improve swap write IO performance. As Ming Lei <> pointed out, this should be based on multipage bvec support, which hasn't been merged yet. So this patch is only for testing the functionality of the other patches in the series. And will be reimplemented after multipage bvec support is merged. Link: Signed-off-by: "Huang, Ying" <> Cc: "Kirill A . Shutemov" <> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <> Cc: Dan Williams <> Cc: Hugh Dickins <> Cc: Jens Axboe <> Cc: Johannes Weiner <> Cc: Michal Hocko <> Cc: Minchan Kim <> Cc: Rik van Riel <> Cc: Ross Zwisler <> [for brd.c, zram_drv.c, pmem.c] Cc: Shaohua Li <> Cc: Vishal L Verma <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2017-08-23block: replace bi_bdev with a gendisk pointer and partitions indexChristoph Hellwig-8/+9
This way we don't need a block_device structure to submit I/O. The block_device has different life time rules from the gendisk and request_queue and is usually only available when the block device node is open. Other callers need to explicitly create one (e.g. the lightnvm passthrough code, or the new nvme multipathing code). For the actual I/O path all that we need is the gendisk, which exists once per block device. But given that the block layer also does partition remapping we additionally need a partition index, which is used for said remapping in generic_make_request. Note that all the block drivers generally want request_queue or sometimes the gendisk, so this removes a layer of indirection all over the stack. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <>
2017-08-02mm/page_io.c: fix oops during block io poll in swapin pathTetsuo Handa-0/+7
When a thread is OOM-killed during swap_readpage() operation, an oops occurs because end_swap_bio_read() is calling wake_up_process() based on an assumption that the thread which called swap_readpage() is still alive. Out of memory: Kill process 525 (polkitd) score 0 or sacrifice child Killed process 525 (polkitd) total-vm:528128kB, anon-rss:0kB, file-rss:4kB, shmem-rss:0kB oom_reaper: reaped process 525 (polkitd), now anon-rss:0kB, file-rss:0kB, shmem-rss:0kB general protection fault: 0000 [#1] SMP DEBUG_PAGEALLOC Modules linked in: nf_conntrack_netbios_ns nf_conntrack_broadcast ip6t_rpfilter ipt_REJECT nf_reject_ipv4 ip6t_REJECT nf_reject_ipv6 xt_conntrack ip_set nfnetlink ebtable_nat ebtable_broute bridge stp llc ip6table_nat nf_conntrack_ipv6 nf_defrag_ipv6 nf_nat_ipv6 ip6table_mangle ip6table_raw iptable_nat nf_conntrack_ipv4 nf_defrag_ipv4 nf_nat_ipv4 nf_nat nf_conntrack iptable_mangle iptable_raw ebtable_filter ebtables ip6table_filter ip6_tables iptable_filter coretemp ppdev pcspkr vmw_balloon sg shpchp vmw_vmci parport_pc parport i2c_piix4 ip_tables xfs libcrc32c sd_mod sr_mod cdrom ata_generic pata_acpi vmwgfx ahci libahci drm_kms_helper ata_piix syscopyarea sysfillrect sysimgblt fb_sys_fops mptspi scsi_transport_spi ttm e1000 mptscsih drm mptbase i2c_core libata serio_raw CPU: 0 PID: 0 Comm: swapper/0 Not tainted 4.13.0-rc2-next-20170725 #129 Hardware name: VMware, Inc. VMware Virtual Platform/440BX Desktop Reference Platform, BIOS 6.00 07/31/2013 task: ffffffffb7c16500 task.stack: ffffffffb7c00000 RIP: 0010:__lock_acquire+0x151/0x12f0 Call Trace: <IRQ> lock_acquire+0x59/0x80 _raw_spin_lock_irqsave+0x3b/0x4f try_to_wake_up+0x3b/0x410 wake_up_process+0x10/0x20 end_swap_bio_read+0x6f/0xf0 bio_endio+0x92/0xb0 blk_update_request+0x88/0x270 scsi_end_request+0x32/0x1c0 scsi_io_completion+0x209/0x680 scsi_finish_command+0xd4/0x120 scsi_softirq_done+0x120/0x140 __blk_mq_complete_request_remote+0xe/0x10 flush_smp_call_function_queue+0x51/0x120 generic_smp_call_function_single_interrupt+0xe/0x20 smp_trace_call_function_single_interrupt+0x22/0x30 smp_call_function_single_interrupt+0x9/0x10 call_function_single_interrupt+0xa7/0xb0 </IRQ> RIP: 0010:native_safe_halt+0x6/0x10 default_idle+0xe/0x20 arch_cpu_idle+0xa/0x10 default_idle_call+0x1e/0x30 do_idle+0x187/0x200 cpu_startup_entry+0x6e/0x70 rest_init+0xd0/0xe0 start_kernel+0x456/0x477 x86_64_start_reservations+0x24/0x26 x86_64_start_kernel+0xf7/0x11a secondary_startup_64+0xa5/0xa5 Code: c3 49 81 3f 20 9e 0b b8 41 bc 00 00 00 00 44 0f 45 e2 83 fe 01 0f 87 62 ff ff ff 89 f0 49 8b 44 c7 08 48 85 c0 0f 84 52 ff ff ff <f0> ff 80 98 01 00 00 8b 3d 5a 49 c4 01 45 8b b3 18 0c 00 00 85 RIP: __lock_acquire+0x151/0x12f0 RSP: ffffa01f39e03c50 ---[ end trace 6c441db499169b1e ]--- Kernel panic - not syncing: Fatal exception in interrupt Kernel Offset: 0x36000000 from 0xffffffff81000000 (relocation range: 0xffffffff80000000-0xffffffffbfffffff) ---[ end Kernel panic - not syncing: Fatal exception in interrupt Fix it by holding a reference to the thread. [ add comment] Fixes: 23955622ff8d231b ("swap: add block io poll in swapin path") Signed-off-by: Tetsuo Handa <> Reviewed-by: Shaohua Li <> Cc: Tim Chen <> Cc: Huang Ying <> Cc: Jens Axboe <> Cc: Hugh Dickins <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2017-07-10swap: add block io poll in swapin pathShaohua Li-2/+21
For fast flash disk, async IO could introduce overhead because of context switch. block-mq now supports IO poll, which improves performance and latency a lot. swapin is a good place to use this technique, because the task is waiting for the swapin page to continue execution. In my virtual machine, directly read 4k data from a NVMe with iopoll is about 60% better than that without poll. With iopoll support in swapin patch, my microbenchmark (a task does random memory write) is about 10%~25% faster. CPU utilization increases a lot though, 2x and even 3x CPU utilization. This will depend on disk speed. While iopoll in swapin isn't intended for all usage cases, it's a win for latency sensistive workloads with high speed swap disk. block layer has knob to control poll in runtime. If poll isn't enabled in block layer, there should be no noticeable change in swapin. I got a chance to run the same test in a NVMe with DRAM as the media. In simple fio IO test, blkpoll boosts 50% performance in single thread test and ~20% in 8 threads test. So this is the base line. In above swap test, blkpoll boosts ~27% performance in single thread test. blkpoll uses 2x CPU time though. If we enable hybid polling, the performance gain has very slight drop but CPU time is only 50% worse than that without blkpoll. Also we can adjust parameter of hybid poll, with it, the CPU time penality is reduced further. In 8 threads test, blkpoll doesn't help though. The performance is similar to that without blkpoll, but cpu utilization is similar too. There is lock contention in swap path. The cpu time spending on blkpoll isn't high. So overall, blkpoll swapin isn't worse than that without it. The swapin readahead might read several pages in in the same time and form a big IO request. Since the IO will take longer time, it doesn't make sense to do poll, so the patch only does iopoll for single page swapin. [ coding-style fixes] Link: Signed-off-by: Shaohua Li <> Cc: Tim Chen <> Cc: Huang Ying <> Cc: Jens Axboe <> Cc: Hugh Dickins <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2017-06-09block: switch bios to blk_status_tChristoph Hellwig-2/+2
Replace bi_error with a new bi_status to allow for a clear conversion. Note that device mapper overloaded bi_error with a private value, which we'll have to keep arround at least for now and thus propagate to a proper blk_status_t value. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <>
2016-11-02writeback: add wbc_to_write_flags()Jens Axboe-4/+1
Add wbc_to_write_flags(), which returns the write modifier flags to use, based on a struct writeback_control. No functional changes in this patch, but it prepares us for factoring other wbc fields for write type. Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <> Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <> Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <>
2016-10-07mm/page_io.c: replace some BUG_ON()s with VM_BUG_ON_PAGE()Andrew Morton-3/+4
So they are CONFIG_DEBUG_VM-only and more informative. Cc: Al Viro <> Cc: David S. Miller <> Cc: Hugh Dickins <> Cc: Jens Axboe <> Cc: Joe Perches <> Cc: Mel Gorman <> Cc: Michal Hocko <> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <> Cc: Rik van Riel <> Cc: Santosh Shilimkar <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2016-09-19mm: fix the page_swap_info() BUG_ON checkSantosh Shilimkar-0/+3
Commit 62c230bc1790 ("mm: add support for a filesystem to activate swap files and use direct_IO for writing swap pages") replaced the swap_aops dirty hook from __set_page_dirty_no_writeback() with swap_set_page_dirty(). For normal cases without these special SWP flags code path falls back to __set_page_dirty_no_writeback() so the behaviour is expected to be the same as before. But swap_set_page_dirty() makes use of the page_swap_info() helper to get the swap_info_struct to check for the flags like SWP_FILE, SWP_BLKDEV etc as desired for those features. This helper has BUG_ON(!PageSwapCache(page)) which is racy and safe only for the set_page_dirty_lock() path. For the set_page_dirty() path which is often needed for cases to be called from irq context, kswapd() can toggle the flag behind the back while the call is getting executed when system is low on memory and heavy swapping is ongoing. This ends up with undesired kernel panic. This patch just moves the check outside the helper to its users appropriately to fix kernel panic for the described path. Couple of users of helpers already take care of SwapCache condition so I skipped them. Link: Signed-off-by: Santosh Shilimkar <> Cc: Mel Gorman <> Cc: Joe Perches <> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <> Cc: Rik van Riel <> Cc: David S. Miller <> Cc: Jens Axboe <> Cc: Michal Hocko <> Cc: Hugh Dickins <> Cc: Al Viro <> Cc: <> [4.7.x] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2016-08-07mm: make __swap_writepage() use bio_set_op_attrs()Jens Axboe-2/+3
Cleaner than manipulating bio->bi_rw flags directly. Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <>
2016-07-28mm: add cond_resched() to generic_swapfile_activate()Mikulas Patocka-0/+2
generic_swapfile_activate() can take quite long time, it iterates over all blocks of a file, so add cond_resched to it. I observed about 1 second stalls when activating a swapfile that was almost unfragmented - this patch fixes it. Link: Signed-off-by: Mikulas Patocka <> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <> Cc: Hugh Dickins <> Cc: Alexander Viro <> Cc: Mel Gorman <> Cc: Johannes Weiner <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2016-06-07block, fs, mm, drivers: use bio set/get op accessorsMike Christie-2/+2
This patch converts the simple bi_rw use cases in the block, drivers, mm and fs code to set/get the bio operation using bio_set_op_attrs/bio_op These should be simple one or two liner cases, so I just did them in one patch. The next patches handle the more complicated cases in a module per patch. Signed-off-by: Mike Christie <> Reviewed-by: Hannes Reinecke <> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <>
2016-06-07block/fs/drivers: remove rw argument from submit_bioMike Christie-4/+6
This has callers of submit_bio/submit_bio_wait set the bio->bi_rw instead of passing it in. This makes that use the same as generic_make_request and how we set the other bio fields. Signed-off-by: Mike Christie <> Fixed up fs/ext4/crypto.c Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <>
2016-05-17Merge branch 'work.preadv2' of ↵Linus Torvalds-1/+1
git:// Pull vfs cleanups from Al Viro: "More cleanups from Christoph" * 'work.preadv2' of git:// nfsd: use RWF_SYNC fs: add RWF_DSYNC aand RWF_SYNC ceph: use generic_write_sync fs: simplify the generic_write_sync prototype fs: add IOCB_SYNC and IOCB_DSYNC direct-io: remove the offset argument to dio_complete direct-io: eliminate the offset argument to ->direct_IO xfs: eliminate the pos variable in xfs_file_dio_aio_write filemap: remove the pos argument to generic_file_direct_write filemap: remove pos variables in generic_file_read_iter
2016-05-01direct-io: eliminate the offset argument to ->direct_IOChristoph Hellwig-1/+1
Including blkdev_direct_IO and dax_do_io. It has to be ki_pos to actually work, so eliminate the superflous argument. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <>
2016-04-28mm: call swap_slot_free_notify() with page lock heldMinchan Kim-1/+5
Kyeongdon reported below error which is BUG_ON(!PageSwapCache(page)) in page_swap_info. The reason is that page_endio in rw_page unlocks the page if read I/O is completed so we need to hold a PG_lock again to check PageSwapCache. Otherwise, the page can be removed from swapcache. Kernel BUG at c00f9040 [verbose debug info unavailable] Internal error: Oops - BUG: 0 [#1] PREEMPT SMP ARM Modules linked in: CPU: 4 PID: 13446 Comm: RenderThread Tainted: G W 3.10.84-g9f14aec-dirty #73 task: c3b73200 ti: dd192000 task.ti: dd192000 PC is at page_swap_info+0x10/0x2c LR is at swap_slot_free_notify+0x18/0x6c pc : [<c00f9040>] lr : [<c00f5560>] psr: 400f0113 sp : dd193d78 ip : c2deb1e4 fp : da015180 r10: 00000000 r9 : 000200da r8 : c120fe08 r7 : 00000000 r6 : 00000000 r5 : c249a6c0 r4 : = c249a6c0 r3 : 00000000 r2 : 40080009 r1 : 200f0113 r0 : = c249a6c0 ..<snip> .. Call Trace: page_swap_info+0x10/0x2c swap_slot_free_notify+0x18/0x6c swap_readpage+0x90/0x11c read_swap_cache_async+0x134/0x1ac swapin_readahead+0x70/0xb0 handle_pte_fault+0x320/0x6fc handle_mm_fault+0xc0/0xf0 do_page_fault+0x11c/0x36c do_DataAbort+0x34/0x118 Fixes: 3f2b1a04f44933f2 ("zram: revive swap_slot_free_notify") Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <> Tested-by: Kyeongdon Kim <> Cc: Hugh Dickins <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2016-04-04mm, fs: get rid of PAGE_CACHE_* and page_cache_{get,release} macrosKirill A. Shutemov-1/+1
PAGE_CACHE_{SIZE,SHIFT,MASK,ALIGN} macros were introduced *long* time ago with promise that one day it will be possible to implement page cache with bigger chunks than PAGE_SIZE. This promise never materialized. And unlikely will. We have many places where PAGE_CACHE_SIZE assumed to be equal to PAGE_SIZE. And it's constant source of confusion on whether PAGE_CACHE_* or PAGE_* constant should be used in a particular case, especially on the border between fs and mm. Global switching to PAGE_CACHE_SIZE != PAGE_SIZE would cause to much breakage to be doable. Let's stop pretending that pages in page cache are special. They are not. The changes are pretty straight-forward: - <foo> << (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT) -> <foo>; - <foo> >> (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT) -> <foo>; - PAGE_CACHE_{SIZE,SHIFT,MASK,ALIGN} -> PAGE_{SIZE,SHIFT,MASK,ALIGN}; - page_cache_get() -> get_page(); - page_cache_release() -> put_page(); This patch contains automated changes generated with coccinelle using script below. For some reason, coccinelle doesn't patch header files. I've called spatch for them manually. The only adjustment after coccinelle is revert of changes to PAGE_CAHCE_ALIGN definition: we are going to drop it later. There are few places in the code where coccinelle didn't reach. I'll fix them manually in a separate patch. Comments and documentation also will be addressed with the separate patch. virtual patch @@ expression E; @@ - E << (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT) + E @@ expression E; @@ - E >> (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT) + E @@ @@ - PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT + PAGE_SHIFT @@ @@ - PAGE_CACHE_SIZE + PAGE_SIZE @@ @@ - PAGE_CACHE_MASK + PAGE_MASK @@ expression E; @@ - PAGE_CACHE_ALIGN(E) + PAGE_ALIGN(E) @@ expression E; @@ - page_cache_get(E) + get_page(E) @@ expression E; @@ - page_cache_release(E) + put_page(E) Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2016-03-22zram: revive swap_slot_free_notifyMinchan Kim-43/+50
Commit b430e9d1c6d4 ("remove compressed copy from zram in-memory") applied swap_slot_free_notify call in *end_swap_bio_read* to remove duplicated memory between zram and memory. However, with the introduction of rw_page in zram: 8c7f01025f7b ("zram: implement rw_page operation of zram"), it became void because rw_page doesn't need bio. Memory footprint is really important in embedded platforms which have small memory, for example, 512M) recently because it could start to kill processes if memory footprint exceeds some threshold by LMK or some similar memory management modules. This patch restores the function for rw_page, thereby eliminating this duplication. Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <> Cc: Sergey Senozhatsky <> Cc: karam.lee <> Cc: <> Cc: Chan Jeong <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2016-03-17mm: convert printk(KERN_<LEVEL> to pr_<level>Joe Perches-11/+11
Most of the mm subsystem uses pr_<level> so make it consistent. Miscellanea: - Realign arguments - Add missing newline to format - kmemleak-test.c has a "kmemleak: " prefix added to the "Kmemleak testing" logging message via pr_fmt Signed-off-by: Joe Perches <> Acked-by: Tejun Heo <> [percpu] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2015-08-13fs: use helper bio_add_page() instead of open coding on bi_io_vecKent Overstreet-5/+3
Call pre-defined helper bio_add_page() instead of open coding for iterating through bi_io_vec[]. Doing that, it's possible to make some parts in filesystems and mm/page_io.c simpler than before. Acked-by: Dave Kleikamp <> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <> Cc: Al Viro <> Cc: Signed-off-by: Kent Overstreet <> [dpark: add more description in commit message] Signed-off-by: Dongsu Park <> Signed-off-by: Ming Lin <> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <>
2015-07-29block: add a bi_error field to struct bioChristoph Hellwig-7/+5
Currently we have two different ways to signal an I/O error on a BIO: (1) by clearing the BIO_UPTODATE flag (2) by returning a Linux errno value to the bi_end_io callback The first one has the drawback of only communicating a single possible error (-EIO), and the second one has the drawback of not beeing persistent when bios are queued up, and are not passed along from child to parent bio in the ever more popular chaining scenario. Having both mechanisms available has the additional drawback of utterly confusing driver authors and introducing bugs where various I/O submitters only deal with one of them, and the others have to add boilerplate code to deal with both kinds of error returns. So add a new bi_error field to store an errno value directly in struct bio and remove the existing mechanisms to clean all this up. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <> Reviewed-by: Hannes Reinecke <> Reviewed-by: NeilBrown <> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <>
2015-05-19suspend: simplify block I/O handlingChristoph Hellwig-1/+1
Stop abusing struct page functionality and the swap end_io handler, and instead add a modified version of the blk-lib.c bio_batch helpers. Also move the block I/O code into swap.c as they are directly tied into each other. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <> Tested-by: Pavel Machek <> Tested-by: Ming Lin <> Acked-by: Pavel Machek <> Acked-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <>
2015-04-11direct_IO: remove rw from a_ops->direct_IO()Omar Sandoval-3/+1
Now that no one is using rw, remove it completely. Signed-off-by: Omar Sandoval <> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <>
2015-03-25fs: move struct kiocb to fs.hChristoph Hellwig-1/+1
struct kiocb now is a generic I/O container, so move it to fs.h. Also do a #include diet for aio.h while we're at it. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <>
2015-03-12fs: remove ki_nbytesChristoph Hellwig-1/+0
There is no need to pass the total request length in the kiocb, as we already get passed in through the iov_iter argument. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <>