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2017-06-23slub: make sysfs file removal asynchronousTejun Heo-14/+26
Commit bf5eb3de3847 ("slub: separate out sysfs_slab_release() from sysfs_slab_remove()") made slub sysfs file removals synchronous to kmem_cache shutdown. Unfortunately, this created a possible ABBA deadlock between slab_mutex and sysfs draining mechanism triggering the following lockdep warning. ====================================================== [ INFO: possible circular locking dependency detected ] 4.10.0-test+ #48 Not tainted ------------------------------------------------------- rmmod/1211 is trying to acquire lock: (s_active#120){++++.+}, at: [<ffffffff81308073>] kernfs_remove+0x23/0x40 but task is already holding lock: (slab_mutex){+.+.+.}, at: [<ffffffff8120f691>] kmem_cache_destroy+0x41/0x2d0 which lock already depends on the new lock. the existing dependency chain (in reverse order) is: -> #1 (slab_mutex){+.+.+.}: lock_acquire+0xf6/0x1f0 __mutex_lock+0x75/0x950 mutex_lock_nested+0x1b/0x20 slab_attr_store+0x75/0xd0 sysfs_kf_write+0x45/0x60 kernfs_fop_write+0x13c/0x1c0 __vfs_write+0x28/0x120 vfs_write+0xc8/0x1e0 SyS_write+0x49/0xa0 entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x1f/0xc2 -> #0 (s_active#120){++++.+}: __lock_acquire+0x10ed/0x1260 lock_acquire+0xf6/0x1f0 __kernfs_remove+0x254/0x320 kernfs_remove+0x23/0x40 sysfs_remove_dir+0x51/0x80 kobject_del+0x18/0x50 __kmem_cache_shutdown+0x3e6/0x460 kmem_cache_destroy+0x1fb/0x2d0 kvm_exit+0x2d/0x80 [kvm] vmx_exit+0x19/0xa1b [kvm_intel] SyS_delete_module+0x198/0x1f0 entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x1f/0xc2 other info that might help us debug this: Possible unsafe locking scenario: CPU0 CPU1 ---- ---- lock(slab_mutex); lock(s_active#120); lock(slab_mutex); lock(s_active#120); *** DEADLOCK *** 2 locks held by rmmod/1211: #0: (cpu_hotplug.dep_map){++++++}, at: [<ffffffff810a7877>] get_online_cpus+0x37/0x80 #1: (slab_mutex){+.+.+.}, at: [<ffffffff8120f691>] kmem_cache_destroy+0x41/0x2d0 stack backtrace: CPU: 3 PID: 1211 Comm: rmmod Not tainted 4.10.0-test+ #48 Hardware name: Hewlett-Packard HP Compaq Pro 6300 SFF/339A, BIOS K01 v02.05 05/07/2012 Call Trace: print_circular_bug+0x1be/0x210 __lock_acquire+0x10ed/0x1260 lock_acquire+0xf6/0x1f0 __kernfs_remove+0x254/0x320 kernfs_remove+0x23/0x40 sysfs_remove_dir+0x51/0x80 kobject_del+0x18/0x50 __kmem_cache_shutdown+0x3e6/0x460 kmem_cache_destroy+0x1fb/0x2d0 kvm_exit+0x2d/0x80 [kvm] vmx_exit+0x19/0xa1b [kvm_intel] SyS_delete_module+0x198/0x1f0 ? SyS_delete_module+0x5/0x1f0 entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x1f/0xc2 It'd be the cleanest to deal with the issue by removing sysfs files without holding slab_mutex before the rest of shutdown; however, given the current code structure, it is pretty difficult to do so. This patch punts sysfs file removal to a work item. Before commit bf5eb3de3847, the removal was punted to a RCU delayed work item which is executed after release. Now, we're punting to a different work item on shutdown which still maintains the goal removing the sysfs files earlier when destroying kmem_caches. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170620204512.GI21326@htj.duckdns.org Fixes: bf5eb3de3847 ("slub: separate out sysfs_slab_release() from sysfs_slab_remove()") Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Reported-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org> Tested-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-06-23mm/vmalloc.c: huge-vmap: fail gracefully on unexpected huge vmap mappingsArd Biesheuvel-2/+13
Existing code that uses vmalloc_to_page() may assume that any address for which is_vmalloc_addr() returns true may be passed into vmalloc_to_page() to retrieve the associated struct page. This is not un unreasonable assumption to make, but on architectures that have CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_HUGE_VMAP=y, it no longer holds, and we need to ensure that vmalloc_to_page() does not go off into the weeds trying to dereference huge PUDs or PMDs as table entries. Given that vmalloc() and vmap() themselves never create huge mappings or deal with compound pages at all, there is no correct answer in this case, so return NULL instead, and issue a warning. When reading /proc/kcore on arm64, you will hit an oops as soon as you hit the huge mappings used for the various segments that make up the mapping of vmlinux. With this patch applied, you will no longer hit the oops, but the kcore contents willl be incorrect (these regions will be zeroed out) We are fixing this for kcore specifically, so it avoids vread() for those regions. At least one other problematic user exists, i.e., /dev/kmem, but that is currently broken on arm64 for other reasons. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170609082226.26152-1-ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org> Acked-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com> Reviewed-by: Laura Abbott <labbott@redhat.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Cc: zhong jiang <zhongjiang@huawei.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-06-23mm, thp: remove cond_resched from __collapse_huge_page_copyDavid Rientjes-1/+0
This is a partial revert of commit 338a16ba1549 ("mm, thp: copying user pages must schedule on collapse") which added a cond_resched() to __collapse_huge_page_copy(). On x86 with CONFIG_HIGHPTE, __collapse_huge_page_copy is called in atomic context and thus scheduling is not possible. This is only a possible config on arm and i386. Although need_resched has been shown to be set for over 100 jiffies while doing the iteration in __collapse_huge_page_copy, this is better than doing if (in_atomic()) cond_resched() to cover only non-CONFIG_HIGHPTE configs. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/alpine.DEB.2.10.1706191341550.97821@chino.kir.corp.google.com Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Reported-by: Larry Finger <Larry.Finger@lwfinger.net> Tested-by: Larry Finger <Larry.Finger@lwfinger.net> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-06-21Allow stack to grow up to address space limitHelge Deller-5/+8
Fix expand_upwards() on architectures with an upward-growing stack (parisc, metag and partly IA-64) to allow the stack to reliably grow exactly up to the address space limit given by TASK_SIZE. Signed-off-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de> Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-06-21mm: fix new crash in unmapped_area_topdown()Hugh Dickins-2/+4
Trinity gets kernel BUG at mm/mmap.c:1963! in about 3 minutes of mmap testing. That's the VM_BUG_ON(gap_end < gap_start) at the end of unmapped_area_topdown(). Linus points out how MAP_FIXED (which does not have to respect our stack guard gap intentions) could result in gap_end below gap_start there. Fix that, and the similar case in its alternative, unmapped_area(). Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org Fixes: 1be7107fbe18 ("mm: larger stack guard gap, between vmas") Reported-by: Dave Jones <davej@codemonkey.org.uk> Debugged-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-06-19mm: larger stack guard gap, between vmasHugh Dickins-103/+89
Stack guard page is a useful feature to reduce a risk of stack smashing into a different mapping. We have been using a single page gap which is sufficient to prevent having stack adjacent to a different mapping. But this seems to be insufficient in the light of the stack usage in userspace. E.g. glibc uses as large as 64kB alloca() in many commonly used functions. Others use constructs liks gid_t buffer[NGROUPS_MAX] which is 256kB or stack strings with MAX_ARG_STRLEN. This will become especially dangerous for suid binaries and the default no limit for the stack size limit because those applications can be tricked to consume a large portion of the stack and a single glibc call could jump over the guard page. These attacks are not theoretical, unfortunatelly. Make those attacks less probable by increasing the stack guard gap to 1MB (on systems with 4k pages; but make it depend on the page size because systems with larger base pages might cap stack allocations in the PAGE_SIZE units) which should cover larger alloca() and VLA stack allocations. It is obviously not a full fix because the problem is somehow inherent, but it should reduce attack space a lot. One could argue that the gap size should be configurable from userspace, but that can be done later when somebody finds that the new 1MB is wrong for some special case applications. For now, add a kernel command line option (stack_guard_gap) to specify the stack gap size (in page units). Implementation wise, first delete all the old code for stack guard page: because although we could get away with accounting one extra page in a stack vma, accounting a larger gap can break userspace - case in point, a program run with "ulimit -S -v 20000" failed when the 1MB gap was counted for RLIMIT_AS; similar problems could come with RLIMIT_MLOCK and strict non-overcommit mode. Instead of keeping gap inside the stack vma, maintain the stack guard gap as a gap between vmas: using vm_start_gap() in place of vm_start (or vm_end_gap() in place of vm_end if VM_GROWSUP) in just those few places which need to respect the gap - mainly arch_get_unmapped_area(), and and the vma tree's subtree_gap support for that. Original-patch-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Original-patch-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Tested-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de> # parisc Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-06-17mm: correct the comment when reclaimed pages exceed the scanned pageszhongjiang-3/+3
Commit e1587a494540 ("mm: vmpressure: fix sending wrong events on underflow") declared that reclaimed pages exceed the scanned pages due to the thp reclaim. That is incorrect because THP will be spilt to normal page and loop again, which will result in the scanned pages increment. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: tweak comment text] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1496824266-25235-1-git-send-email-zhongjiang@huawei.com Signed-off-by: zhongjiang <zhongjiang@huawei.com> Acked-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-06-17mm: numa: avoid waiting on freed migrated pagesMark Rutland-1/+7
In do_huge_pmd_numa_page(), we attempt to handle a migrating thp pmd by waiting until the pmd is unlocked before we return and retry. However, we can race with migrate_misplaced_transhuge_page(): // do_huge_pmd_numa_page // migrate_misplaced_transhuge_page() // Holds 0 refs on page // Holds 2 refs on page vmf->ptl = pmd_lock(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd); /* ... */ if (pmd_trans_migrating(*vmf->pmd)) { page = pmd_page(*vmf->pmd); spin_unlock(vmf->ptl); ptl = pmd_lock(mm, pmd); if (page_count(page) != 2)) { /* roll back */ } /* ... */ mlock_migrate_page(new_page, page); /* ... */ spin_unlock(ptl); put_page(page); put_page(page); // page freed here wait_on_page_locked(page); goto out; } This can result in the freed page having its waiters flag set unexpectedly, which trips the PAGE_FLAGS_CHECK_AT_PREP checks in the page alloc/free functions. This has been observed on arm64 KVM guests. We can avoid this by having do_huge_pmd_numa_page() take a reference on the page before dropping the pmd lock, mirroring what we do in __migration_entry_wait(). When we hit the race, migrate_misplaced_transhuge_page() will see the reference and abort the migration, as it may do today in other cases. Fixes: b8916634b77bffb2 ("mm: Prevent parallel splits during THP migration") Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1497349722-6731-2-git-send-email-will.deacon@arm.com Signed-off-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Acked-by: Steve Capper <steve.capper@arm.com> Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-06-17swap: cond_resched in swap_cgroup_prepare()Yu Zhao-0/+3
I saw need_resched() warnings when swapping on large swapfile (TBs) because continuously allocating many pages in swap_cgroup_prepare() took too long. We already cond_resched when freeing page in swap_cgroup_swapoff(). Do the same for the page allocation. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170604200109.17606-1-yuzhao@google.com Signed-off-by: Yu Zhao <yuzhao@google.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Acked-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-06-17mm/memory-failure.c: use compound_head() flags for huge pagesJames Morse-1/+4
memory_failure() chooses a recovery action function based on the page flags. For huge pages it uses the tail page flags which don't have anything interesting set, resulting in: > Memory failure: 0x9be3b4: Unknown page state > Memory failure: 0x9be3b4: recovery action for unknown page: Failed Instead, save a copy of the head page's flags if this is a huge page, this means if there are no relevant flags for this tail page, we use the head pages flags instead. This results in the me_huge_page() recovery action being called: > Memory failure: 0x9b7969: recovery action for huge page: Delayed For hugepages that have not yet been allocated, this allows the hugepage to be dequeued. Fixes: 524fca1e7356 ("HWPOISON: fix misjudgement of page_action() for errors on mlocked pages") Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170524130204.21845-1-james.morse@arm.com Signed-off-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com> Tested-by: Punit Agrawal <punit.agrawal@arm.com> Acked-by: Punit Agrawal <punit.agrawal@arm.com> Acked-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-06-02mm: consider memblock reservations for deferred memory initialization sizingMichal Hocko-11/+45
We have seen an early OOM killer invocation on ppc64 systems with crashkernel=4096M: kthreadd invoked oom-killer: gfp_mask=0x16040c0(GFP_KERNEL|__GFP_COMP|__GFP_NOTRACK), nodemask=7, order=0, oom_score_adj=0 kthreadd cpuset=/ mems_allowed=7 CPU: 0 PID: 2 Comm: kthreadd Not tainted 4.4.68-1.gd7fe927-default #1 Call Trace: dump_stack+0xb0/0xf0 (unreliable) dump_header+0xb0/0x258 out_of_memory+0x5f0/0x640 __alloc_pages_nodemask+0xa8c/0xc80 kmem_getpages+0x84/0x1a0 fallback_alloc+0x2a4/0x320 kmem_cache_alloc_node+0xc0/0x2e0 copy_process.isra.25+0x260/0x1b30 _do_fork+0x94/0x470 kernel_thread+0x48/0x60 kthreadd+0x264/0x330 ret_from_kernel_thread+0x5c/0xa4 Mem-Info: active_anon:0 inactive_anon:0 isolated_anon:0 active_file:0 inactive_file:0 isolated_file:0 unevictable:0 dirty:0 writeback:0 unstable:0 slab_reclaimable:5 slab_unreclaimable:73 mapped:0 shmem:0 pagetables:0 bounce:0 free:0 free_pcp:0 free_cma:0 Node 7 DMA free:0kB min:0kB low:0kB high:0kB active_anon:0kB inactive_anon:0kB active_file:0kB inactive_file:0kB unevictable:0kB isolated(anon):0kB isolated(file):0kB present:52428800kB managed:110016kB mlocked:0kB dirty:0kB writeback:0kB mapped:0kB shmem:0kB slab_reclaimable:320kB slab_unreclaimable:4672kB kernel_stack:1152kB pagetables:0kB unstable:0kB bounce:0kB free_pcp:0kB local_pcp:0kB free_cma:0kB writeback_tmp:0kB pages_scanned:0 all_unreclaimable? yes lowmem_reserve[]: 0 0 0 0 Node 7 DMA: 0*64kB 0*128kB 0*256kB 0*512kB 0*1024kB 0*2048kB 0*4096kB 0*8192kB 0*16384kB = 0kB 0 total pagecache pages 0 pages in swap cache Swap cache stats: add 0, delete 0, find 0/0 Free swap = 0kB Total swap = 0kB 819200 pages RAM 0 pages HighMem/MovableOnly 817481 pages reserved 0 pages cma reserved 0 pages hwpoisoned the reason is that the managed memory is too low (only 110MB) while the rest of the the 50GB is still waiting for the deferred intialization to be done. update_defer_init estimates the initial memoty to initialize to 2GB at least but it doesn't consider any memory allocated in that range. In this particular case we've had Reserving 4096MB of memory at 128MB for crashkernel (System RAM: 51200MB) so the low 2GB is mostly depleted. Fix this by considering memblock allocations in the initial static initialization estimation. Move the max_initialise to reset_deferred_meminit and implement a simple memblock_reserved_memory helper which iterates all reserved blocks and sums the size of all that start below the given address. The cumulative size is than added on top of the initial estimation. This is still not ideal because reset_deferred_meminit doesn't consider holes and so reservation might be above the initial estimation whihch we ignore but let's make the logic simpler until we really need to handle more complicated cases. Fixes: 3a80a7fa7989 ("mm: meminit: initialise a subset of struct pages if CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT is set") Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170531104010.GI27783@dhcp22.suse.cz Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Tested-by: Srikar Dronamraju <srikar@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [4.2+] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-06-02mm/hugetlb: report -EHWPOISON not -EFAULT when FOLL_HWPOISON is specifiedJames Morse-12/+13
KVM uses get_user_pages() to resolve its stage2 faults. KVM sets the FOLL_HWPOISON flag causing faultin_page() to return -EHWPOISON when it finds a VM_FAULT_HWPOISON. KVM handles these hwpoison pages as a special case. (check_user_page_hwpoison()) When huge pages are involved, this doesn't work so well. get_user_pages() calls follow_hugetlb_page(), which stops early if it receives VM_FAULT_HWPOISON from hugetlb_fault(), eventually returning -EFAULT to the caller. The step to map this to -EHWPOISON based on the FOLL_ flags is missing. The hwpoison special case is skipped, and -EFAULT is returned to user-space, causing Qemu or kvmtool to exit. Instead, move this VM_FAULT_ to errno mapping code into a header file and use it from faultin_page() and follow_hugetlb_page(). With this, KVM works as expected. This isn't a problem for arm64 today as we haven't enabled MEMORY_FAILURE, but I can't see any reason this doesn't happen on x86 too, so I think this should be a fix. This doesn't apply earlier than stable's v4.11.1 due to all sorts of cleanup. [james.morse@arm.com: add vm_fault_to_errno() call to faultin_page()] suggested. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170525171035.16359-1-james.morse@arm.com [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170524160900.28786-1-james.morse@arm.com Signed-off-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com> Acked-by: Punit Agrawal <punit.agrawal@arm.com> Acked-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Cc: "Kirill A . Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [4.11.1+] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-06-02mlock: fix mlock count can not decrease in race conditionYisheng Xie-2/+3
Kefeng reported that when running the follow test, the mlock count in meminfo will increase permanently: [1] testcase linux:~ # cat test_mlockal grep Mlocked /proc/meminfo for j in `seq 0 10` do for i in `seq 4 15` do ./p_mlockall >> log & done sleep 0.2 done # wait some time to let mlock counter decrease and 5s may not enough sleep 5 grep Mlocked /proc/meminfo linux:~ # cat p_mlockall.c #include <sys/mman.h> #include <stdlib.h> #include <stdio.h> #define SPACE_LEN 4096 int main(int argc, char ** argv) { int ret; void *adr = malloc(SPACE_LEN); if (!adr) return -1; ret = mlockall(MCL_CURRENT | MCL_FUTURE); printf("mlcokall ret = %d\n", ret); ret = munlockall(); printf("munlcokall ret = %d\n", ret); free(adr); return 0; } In __munlock_pagevec() we should decrement NR_MLOCK for each page where we clear the PageMlocked flag. Commit 1ebb7cc6a583 ("mm: munlock: batch NR_MLOCK zone state updates") has introduced a bug where we don't decrement NR_MLOCK for pages where we clear the flag, but fail to isolate them from the lru list (e.g. when the pages are on some other cpu's percpu pagevec). Since PageMlocked stays cleared, the NR_MLOCK accounting gets permanently disrupted by this. Fix it by counting the number of page whose PageMlock flag is cleared. Fixes: 1ebb7cc6a583 (" mm: munlock: batch NR_MLOCK zone state updates") Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1495678405-54569-1-git-send-email-xieyisheng1@huawei.com Signed-off-by: Yisheng Xie <xieyisheng1@huawei.com> Reported-by: Kefeng Wang <wangkefeng.wang@huawei.com> Tested-by: Kefeng Wang <wangkefeng.wang@huawei.com> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: Joern Engel <joern@logfs.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Xishi Qiu <qiuxishi@huawei.com> Cc: zhongjiang <zhongjiang@huawei.com> Cc: Hanjun Guo <guohanjun@huawei.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-06-02mm/migrate: fix refcount handling when !hugepage_migration_supported()Punit Agrawal-6/+2
On failing to migrate a page, soft_offline_huge_page() performs the necessary update to the hugepage ref-count. But when !hugepage_migration_supported() , unmap_and_move_hugepage() also decrements the page ref-count for the hugepage. The combined behaviour leaves the ref-count in an inconsistent state. This leads to soft lockups when running the overcommitted hugepage test from mce-tests suite. Soft offlining pfn 0x83ed600 at process virtual address 0x400000000000 soft offline: 0x83ed600: migration failed 1, type 1fffc00000008008 (uptodate|head) INFO: rcu_preempt detected stalls on CPUs/tasks: Tasks blocked on level-0 rcu_node (CPUs 0-7): P2715 (detected by 7, t=5254 jiffies, g=963, c=962, q=321) thugetlb_overco R running task 0 2715 2685 0x00000008 Call trace: dump_backtrace+0x0/0x268 show_stack+0x24/0x30 sched_show_task+0x134/0x180 rcu_print_detail_task_stall_rnp+0x54/0x7c rcu_check_callbacks+0xa74/0xb08 update_process_times+0x34/0x60 tick_sched_handle.isra.7+0x38/0x70 tick_sched_timer+0x4c/0x98 __hrtimer_run_queues+0xc0/0x300 hrtimer_interrupt+0xac/0x228 arch_timer_handler_phys+0x3c/0x50 handle_percpu_devid_irq+0x8c/0x290 generic_handle_irq+0x34/0x50 __handle_domain_irq+0x68/0xc0 gic_handle_irq+0x5c/0xb0 Address this by changing the putback_active_hugepage() in soft_offline_huge_page() to putback_movable_pages(). This only triggers on systems that enable memory failure handling (ARCH_SUPPORTS_MEMORY_FAILURE) but not hugepage migration (!ARCH_ENABLE_HUGEPAGE_MIGRATION). I imagine this wasn't triggered as there aren't many systems running this configuration. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: remove dead comment, per Naoya] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170525135146.32011-1-punit.agrawal@arm.com Reported-by: Manoj Iyer <manoj.iyer@canonical.com> Tested-by: Manoj Iyer <manoj.iyer@canonical.com> Suggested-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Signed-off-by: Punit Agrawal <punit.agrawal@arm.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: Wanpeng Li <wanpeng.li@hotmail.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [3.14+] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-06-02mm: avoid spurious 'bad pmd' warning messagesRoss Zwisler-10/+30
When the pmd_devmap() checks were added by 5c7fb56e5e3f ("mm, dax: dax-pmd vs thp-pmd vs hugetlbfs-pmd") to add better support for DAX huge pages, they were all added to the end of if() statements after existing pmd_trans_huge() checks. So, things like: - if (pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)) + if (pmd_trans_huge(*pmd) || pmd_devmap(*pmd)) When further checks were added after pmd_trans_unstable() checks by commit 7267ec008b5c ("mm: postpone page table allocation until we have page to map") they were also added at the end of the conditional: + if (pmd_trans_unstable(fe->pmd) || pmd_devmap(*fe->pmd)) This ordering is fine for pmd_trans_huge(), but doesn't work for pmd_trans_unstable(). This is because DAX huge pages trip the bad_pmd() check inside of pmd_none_or_trans_huge_or_clear_bad() (called by pmd_trans_unstable()), which prints out a warning and returns 1. So, we do end up doing the right thing, but only after spamming dmesg with suspicious looking messages: mm/pgtable-generic.c:39: bad pmd ffff8808daa49b88(84000001006000a5) Reorder these checks in a helper so that pmd_devmap() is checked first, avoiding the error messages, and add a comment explaining why the ordering is important. Fixes: commit 7267ec008b5c ("mm: postpone page table allocation until we have page to map") Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170522215749.23516-1-ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com Signed-off-by: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com> Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Cc: Pawel Lebioda <pawel.lebioda@intel.com> Cc: "Darrick J. Wong" <darrick.wong@oracle.com> Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com> Cc: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com> Cc: "Kirill A . Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Dave Jiang <dave.jiang@intel.com> Cc: Xiong Zhou <xzhou@redhat.com> Cc: Eryu Guan <eguan@redhat.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-06-02mm/page_alloc.c: make sure OOM victim can try allocations with no watermarks ↵Tetsuo Handa-1/+3
once Roman Gushchin has reported that the OOM killer can trivially selects next OOM victim when a thread doing memory allocation from page fault path was selected as first OOM victim. allocate invoked oom-killer: gfp_mask=0x14280ca(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE|__GFP_ZERO), nodemask=(null), order=0, oom_score_adj=0 allocate cpuset=/ mems_allowed=0 CPU: 1 PID: 492 Comm: allocate Not tainted 4.12.0-rc1-mm1+ #181 Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS Ubuntu-1.8.2-1ubuntu1 04/01/2014 Call Trace: oom_kill_process+0x219/0x3e0 out_of_memory+0x11d/0x480 __alloc_pages_slowpath+0xc84/0xd40 __alloc_pages_nodemask+0x245/0x260 alloc_pages_vma+0xa2/0x270 __handle_mm_fault+0xca9/0x10c0 handle_mm_fault+0xf3/0x210 __do_page_fault+0x240/0x4e0 trace_do_page_fault+0x37/0xe0 do_async_page_fault+0x19/0x70 async_page_fault+0x28/0x30 ... Out of memory: Kill process 492 (allocate) score 899 or sacrifice child Killed process 492 (allocate) total-vm:2052368kB, anon-rss:1894576kB, file-rss:4kB, shmem-rss:0kB allocate: page allocation failure: order:0, mode:0x14280ca(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE|__GFP_ZERO), nodemask=(null) allocate cpuset=/ mems_allowed=0 CPU: 1 PID: 492 Comm: allocate Not tainted 4.12.0-rc1-mm1+ #181 Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS Ubuntu-1.8.2-1ubuntu1 04/01/2014 Call Trace: __alloc_pages_slowpath+0xd32/0xd40 __alloc_pages_nodemask+0x245/0x260 alloc_pages_vma+0xa2/0x270 __handle_mm_fault+0xca9/0x10c0 handle_mm_fault+0xf3/0x210 __do_page_fault+0x240/0x4e0 trace_do_page_fault+0x37/0xe0 do_async_page_fault+0x19/0x70 async_page_fault+0x28/0x30 ... oom_reaper: reaped process 492 (allocate), now anon-rss:0kB, file-rss:0kB, shmem-rss:0kB ... allocate invoked oom-killer: gfp_mask=0x0(), nodemask=(null), order=0, oom_score_adj=0 allocate cpuset=/ mems_allowed=0 CPU: 1 PID: 492 Comm: allocate Not tainted 4.12.0-rc1-mm1+ #181 Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS Ubuntu-1.8.2-1ubuntu1 04/01/2014 Call Trace: oom_kill_process+0x219/0x3e0 out_of_memory+0x11d/0x480 pagefault_out_of_memory+0x68/0x80 mm_fault_error+0x8f/0x190 ? handle_mm_fault+0xf3/0x210 __do_page_fault+0x4b2/0x4e0 trace_do_page_fault+0x37/0xe0 do_async_page_fault+0x19/0x70 async_page_fault+0x28/0x30 ... Out of memory: Kill process 233 (firewalld) score 10 or sacrifice child Killed process 233 (firewalld) total-vm:246076kB, anon-rss:20956kB, file-rss:0kB, shmem-rss:0kB There is a race window that the OOM reaper completes reclaiming the first victim's memory while nothing but mutex_trylock() prevents the first victim from calling out_of_memory() from pagefault_out_of_memory() after memory allocation for page fault path failed due to being selected as an OOM victim. This is a side effect of commit 9a67f6488eca926f ("mm: consolidate GFP_NOFAIL checks in the allocator slowpath") because that commit silently changed the behavior from /* Avoid allocations with no watermarks from looping endlessly */ to /* * Give up allocations without trying memory reserves if selected * as an OOM victim */ in __alloc_pages_slowpath() by moving the location to check TIF_MEMDIE flag. I have noticed this change but I didn't post a patch because I thought it is an acceptable change other than noise by warn_alloc() because !__GFP_NOFAIL allocations are allowed to fail. But we overlooked that failing memory allocation from page fault path makes difference due to the race window explained above. While it might be possible to add a check to pagefault_out_of_memory() that prevents the first victim from calling out_of_memory() or remove out_of_memory() from pagefault_out_of_memory(), changing pagefault_out_of_memory() does not suppress noise by warn_alloc() when allocating thread was selected as an OOM victim. There is little point with printing similar backtraces and memory information from both out_of_memory() and warn_alloc(). Instead, if we guarantee that current thread can try allocations with no watermarks once when current thread looping inside __alloc_pages_slowpath() was selected as an OOM victim, we can follow "who can use memory reserves" rules and suppress noise by warn_alloc() and prevent memory allocations from page fault path from calling pagefault_out_of_memory(). If we take the comment literally, this patch would do - if (test_thread_flag(TIF_MEMDIE)) - goto nopage; + if (alloc_flags == ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS || (gfp_mask & __GFP_NOMEMALLOC)) + goto nopage; because gfp_pfmemalloc_allowed() returns false if __GFP_NOMEMALLOC is given. But if I recall correctly (I couldn't find the message), the condition is meant to apply to only OOM victims despite the comment. Therefore, this patch preserves TIF_MEMDIE check. Fixes: 9a67f6488eca926f ("mm: consolidate GFP_NOFAIL checks in the allocator slowpath") Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/201705192112.IAF69238.OQOHSJLFOFFMtV@I-love.SAKURA.ne.jp Signed-off-by: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@I-love.SAKURA.ne.jp> Reported-by: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com> Tested-by: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [4.11] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-06-02slub/memcg: cure the brainless abuse of sysfs attributesThomas Gleixner-2/+4
memcg_propagate_slab_attrs() abuses the sysfs attribute file functions to propagate settings from the root kmem_cache to a newly created kmem_cache. It does that with: attr->show(root, buf); attr->store(new, buf, strlen(bug); Aside of being a lazy and absurd hackery this is broken because it does not check the return value of the show() function. Some of the show() functions return 0 w/o touching the buffer. That means in such a case the store function is called with the stale content of the previous show(). That causes nonsense like invoking kmem_cache_shrink() on a newly created kmem_cache. In the worst case it would cause handing in an uninitialized buffer. This should be rewritten proper by adding a propagate() callback to those slub_attributes which must be propagated and avoid that insane conversion to and from ASCII, but that's too large for a hot fix. Check at least the return value of the show() function, so calling store() with stale content is prevented. Steven said: "It can cause a deadlock with get_online_cpus() that has been uncovered by recent cpu hotplug and lockdep changes that Thomas and Peter have been doing. Possible unsafe locking scenario: CPU0 CPU1 ---- ---- lock(cpu_hotplug.lock); lock(slab_mutex); lock(cpu_hotplug.lock); lock(slab_mutex); *** DEADLOCK ***" Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/alpine.DEB.2.20.1705201244540.2255@nanos Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Reported-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-06-02mm: clarify why we want kmalloc before falling backto vmallockMichal Hocko-2/+5
While converting drm_[cm]alloc* helpers to kvmalloc* variants Chris Wilson has wondered why we want to try kmalloc before vmalloc fallback even for larger allocations requests. Let's clarify that one larger physically contiguous block is less likely to fragment memory than many scattered pages which can prevent more large blocks from being created. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170517080932.21423-1-mhocko@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Suggested-by: Chris Wilson <chris@chris-wilson.co.uk> Reviewed-by: Chris Wilson <chris@chris-wilson.co.uk> Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-06-02ksm: prevent crash after write_protect_page failsAndrea Arcangeli-2/+1
"err" needs to be left set to -EFAULT if split_huge_page succeeds. Otherwise if "err" gets clobbered with zero and write_protect_page fails, try_to_merge_one_page() will succeed instead of returning -EFAULT and then try_to_merge_with_ksm_page() will continue thinking kpage is a PageKsm when in fact it's still an anonymous page. Eventually it'll crash in page_add_anon_rmap. This has been reproduced on Fedora25 kernel but I can reproduce with upstream too. The bug was introduced in commit f765f540598a ("ksm: prepare to new THP semantics") introduced in v4.5. page:fffff67546ce1cc0 count:4 mapcount:2 mapping:ffffa094551e36e1 index:0x7f0f46673 flags: 0x2ffffc0004007c(referenced|uptodate|dirty|lru|active|swapbacked) page dumped because: VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page)) page->mem_cgroup:ffffa09674bf0000 ------------[ cut here ]------------ kernel BUG at mm/rmap.c:1222! CPU: 1 PID: 76 Comm: ksmd Not tainted 4.9.3-200.fc25.x86_64 #1 RIP: do_page_add_anon_rmap+0x1c4/0x240 Call Trace: page_add_anon_rmap+0x18/0x20 try_to_merge_with_ksm_page+0x50b/0x780 ksm_scan_thread+0x1211/0x1410 ? prepare_to_wait_event+0x100/0x100 ? try_to_merge_with_ksm_page+0x780/0x780 kthread+0xd9/0xf0 ? kthread_park+0x60/0x60 ret_from_fork+0x25/0x30 Fixes: f765f54059 ("ksm: prepare to new THP semantics") Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170513131040.21732-1-aarcange@redhat.com Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Reported-by: Federico Simoncelli <fsimonce@redhat.com> Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-05-12mm: vmscan: scan until it finds eligible pagesMinchan Kim-6/+15
Although there are a ton of free swap and anonymous LRU page in elgible zones, OOM happened. balloon invoked oom-killer: gfp_mask=0x17080c0(GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT|__GFP_ZERO|__GFP_NOTRACK), nodemask=(null), order=0, oom_score_adj=0 CPU: 7 PID: 1138 Comm: balloon Not tainted 4.11.0-rc6-mm1-zram-00289-ge228d67e9677-dirty #17 Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS Ubuntu-1.8.2-1ubuntu1 04/01/2014 Call Trace: oom_kill_process+0x21d/0x3f0 out_of_memory+0xd8/0x390 __alloc_pages_slowpath+0xbc1/0xc50 __alloc_pages_nodemask+0x1a5/0x1c0 pte_alloc_one+0x20/0x50 __pte_alloc+0x1e/0x110 __handle_mm_fault+0x919/0x960 handle_mm_fault+0x77/0x120 __do_page_fault+0x27a/0x550 trace_do_page_fault+0x43/0x150 do_async_page_fault+0x2c/0x90 async_page_fault+0x28/0x30 Mem-Info: active_anon:424716 inactive_anon:65314 isolated_anon:0 active_file:52 inactive_file:46 isolated_file:0 unevictable:0 dirty:27 writeback:0 unstable:0 slab_reclaimable:3967 slab_unreclaimable:4125 mapped:133 shmem:43 pagetables:1674 bounce:0 free:4637 free_pcp:225 free_cma:0 Node 0 active_anon:1698864kB inactive_anon:261256kB active_file:208kB inactive_file:184kB unevictable:0kB isolated(anon):0kB isolated(file):0kB mapped:532kB dirty:108kB writeback:0kB shmem:172kB writeback_tmp:0kB unstable:0kB all_unreclaimable? no DMA free:7316kB min:32kB low:44kB high:56kB active_anon:8064kB inactive_anon:0kB active_file:0kB inactive_file:0kB unevictable:0kB writepending:0kB present:15992kB managed:15908kB mlocked:0kB slab_reclaimable:464kB slab_unreclaimable:40kB kernel_stack:0kB pagetables:24kB bounce:0kB free_pcp:0kB local_pcp:0kB free_cma:0kB lowmem_reserve[]: 0 992 992 1952 DMA32 free:9088kB min:2048kB low:3064kB high:4080kB active_anon:952176kB inactive_anon:0kB active_file:36kB inactive_file:0kB unevictable:0kB writepending:88kB present:1032192kB managed:1019388kB mlocked:0kB slab_reclaimable:13532kB slab_unreclaimable:16460kB kernel_stack:3552kB pagetables:6672kB bounce:0kB free_pcp:56kB local_pcp:24kB free_cma:0kB lowmem_reserve[]: 0 0 0 959 Movable free:3644kB min:1980kB low:2960kB high:3940kB active_anon:738560kB inactive_anon:261340kB active_file:188kB inactive_file:640kB unevictable:0kB writepending:20kB present:1048444kB managed:1010816kB mlocked:0kB slab_reclaimable:0kB slab_unreclaimable:0kB kernel_stack:0kB pagetables:0kB bounce:0kB free_pcp:832kB local_pcp:60kB free_cma:0kB lowmem_reserve[]: 0 0 0 0 DMA: 1*4kB (E) 0*8kB 18*16kB (E) 10*32kB (E) 10*64kB (E) 9*128kB (ME) 8*256kB (E) 2*512kB (E) 2*1024kB (E) 0*2048kB 0*4096kB = 7524kB DMA32: 417*4kB (UMEH) 181*8kB (UMEH) 68*16kB (UMEH) 48*32kB (UMEH) 14*64kB (MH) 3*128kB (M) 1*256kB (H) 1*512kB (M) 2*1024kB (M) 0*2048kB 0*4096kB = 9836kB Movable: 1*4kB (M) 1*8kB (M) 1*16kB (M) 1*32kB (M) 0*64kB 1*128kB (M) 2*256kB (M) 4*512kB (M) 1*1024kB (M) 0*2048kB 0*4096kB = 3772kB 378 total pagecache pages 17 pages in swap cache Swap cache stats: add 17325, delete 17302, find 0/27 Free swap = 978940kB Total swap = 1048572kB 524157 pages RAM 0 pages HighMem/MovableOnly 12629 pages reserved 0 pages cma reserved 0 pages hwpoisoned [ pid ] uid tgid total_vm rss nr_ptes nr_pmds swapents oom_score_adj name [ 433] 0 433 4904 5 14 3 82 0 upstart-udev-br [ 438] 0 438 12371 5 27 3 191 -1000 systemd-udevd With investigation, skipping page of isolate_lru_pages makes reclaim void because it returns zero nr_taken easily so LRU shrinking is effectively nothing and just increases priority aggressively. Finally, OOM happens. The problem is that get_scan_count determines nr_to_scan with eligible zones so although priority drops to zero, it couldn't reclaim any pages if the LRU contains mostly ineligible pages. get_scan_count: size = lruvec_lru_size(lruvec, lru, sc->reclaim_idx); size = size >> sc->priority; Assumes sc->priority is 0 and LRU list is as follows. N-N-N-N-H-H-H-H-H-H-H-H-H-H-H-H-H-H-H-H (Ie, small eligible pages are in the head of LRU but others are almost ineligible pages) In that case, size becomes 4 so VM want to scan 4 pages but 4 pages from tail of the LRU are not eligible pages. If get_scan_count counts skipped pages, it doesn't reclaim any pages remained after scanning 4 pages so it ends up OOM happening. This patch makes isolate_lru_pages try to scan pages until it encounters eligible zones's pages. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: clean up mind-bending `for' statement. Tweak comment text] Fixes: 3db65812d688 ("Revert "mm, vmscan: account for skipped pages as a partial scan"") Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1494457232-27401-1-git-send-email-minchan@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-05-12mm, thp: copying user pages must schedule on collapseDavid Rientjes-4/+3
We have encountered need_resched warnings in __collapse_huge_page_copy() while doing {clear,copy}_user_highpage() over HPAGE_PMD_NR source pages. mm->mmap_sem is held for write, but the iteration is well bounded. Reschedule as needed. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/alpine.DEB.2.10.1705101426380.109808@chino.kir.corp.google.com Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-05-12mm: fix data corruption due to stale mmap readsJan Kara-1/+11
Currently, we didn't invalidate page tables during invalidate_inode_pages2() for DAX. That could result in e.g. 2MiB zero page being mapped into page tables while there were already underlying blocks allocated and thus data seen through mmap were different from data seen by read(2). The following sequence reproduces the problem: - open an mmap over a 2MiB hole - read from a 2MiB hole, faulting in a 2MiB zero page - write to the hole with write(3p). The write succeeds but we incorrectly leave the 2MiB zero page mapping intact. - via the mmap, read the data that was just written. Since the zero page mapping is still intact we read back zeroes instead of the new data. Fix the problem by unconditionally calling invalidate_inode_pages2_range() in dax_iomap_actor() for new block allocations and by properly invalidating page tables in invalidate_inode_pages2_range() for DAX mappings. Fixes: c6dcf52c23d2d3fb5235cec42d7dd3f786b87d55 Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170510085419.27601-3-jack@suse.cz Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com> Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-05-12dax: prevent invalidation of mapped DAX entriesRoss Zwisler-6/+3
Patch series "mm,dax: Fix data corruption due to mmap inconsistency", v4. This series fixes data corruption that can happen for DAX mounts when page faults race with write(2) and as a result page tables get out of sync with block mappings in the filesystem and thus data seen through mmap is different from data seen through read(2). The series passes testing with t_mmap_stale test program from Ross and also other mmap related tests on DAX filesystem. This patch (of 4): dax_invalidate_mapping_entry() currently removes DAX exceptional entries only if they are clean and unlocked. This is done via: invalidate_mapping_pages() invalidate_exceptional_entry() dax_invalidate_mapping_entry() However, for page cache pages removed in invalidate_mapping_pages() there is an additional criteria which is that the page must not be mapped. This is noted in the comments above invalidate_mapping_pages() and is checked in invalidate_inode_page(). For DAX entries this means that we can can end up in a situation where a DAX exceptional entry, either a huge zero page or a regular DAX entry, could end up mapped but without an associated radix tree entry. This is inconsistent with the rest of the DAX code and with what happens in the page cache case. We aren't able to unmap the DAX exceptional entry because according to its comments invalidate_mapping_pages() isn't allowed to block, and unmap_mapping_range() takes a write lock on the mapping->i_mmap_rwsem. Since we essentially never have unmapped DAX entries to evict from the radix tree, just remove dax_invalidate_mapping_entry(). Fixes: c6dcf52c23d2 ("mm: Invalidate DAX radix tree entries only if appropriate") Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170510085419.27601-2-jack@suse.cz Signed-off-by: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Reported-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [4.10+] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-05-12mm, vmalloc: fix vmalloc users tracking properlyMichal Hocko-2/+20
Commit 1f5307b1e094 ("mm, vmalloc: properly track vmalloc users") has pulled asm/pgtable.h include dependency to linux/vmalloc.h and that turned out to be a bad idea for some architectures. E.g. m68k fails with In file included from arch/m68k/include/asm/pgtable_mm.h:145:0, from arch/m68k/include/asm/pgtable.h:4, from include/linux/vmalloc.h:9, from arch/m68k/kernel/module.c:9: arch/m68k/include/asm/mcf_pgtable.h: In function 'nocache_page': >> arch/m68k/include/asm/mcf_pgtable.h:339:43: error: 'init_mm' undeclared (first use in this function) #define pgd_offset_k(address) pgd_offset(&init_mm, address) as spotted by kernel build bot. nios2 fails for other reason In file included from include/asm-generic/io.h:767:0, from arch/nios2/include/asm/io.h:61, from include/linux/io.h:25, from arch/nios2/include/asm/pgtable.h:18, from include/linux/mm.h:70, from include/linux/pid_namespace.h:6, from include/linux/ptrace.h:9, from arch/nios2/include/uapi/asm/elf.h:23, from arch/nios2/include/asm/elf.h:22, from include/linux/elf.h:4, from include/linux/module.h:15, from init/main.c:16: include/linux/vmalloc.h: In function '__vmalloc_node_flags': include/linux/vmalloc.h:99:40: error: 'PAGE_KERNEL' undeclared (first use in this function); did you mean 'GFP_KERNEL'? which is due to the newly added #include <asm/pgtable.h>, which on nios2 includes <linux/io.h> and thus <asm/io.h> and <asm-generic/io.h> which again includes <linux/vmalloc.h>. Tweaking that around just turns out a bigger headache than necessary. This patch reverts 1f5307b1e094 and reimplements the original fix in a different way. __vmalloc_node_flags can stay static inline which will cover vmalloc* functions. We only have one external user (kvmalloc_node) and we can export __vmalloc_node_flags_caller and provide the caller directly. This is much simpler and it doesn't really need any games with header files. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] [mhocko@kernel.org: revert old comment] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170509211054.GB16325@dhcp22.suse.cz Fixes: 1f5307b1e094 ("mm, vmalloc: properly track vmalloc users") Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170509153702.GR6481@dhcp22.suse.cz Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Cc: Tobias Klauser <tklauser@distanz.ch> Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-05-12mm/khugepaged: add missed tracepoint for collapse_huge_page_swapinSeongJae Park-1/+3
One return case of `__collapse_huge_page_swapin()` does not invoke tracepoint while every other return case does. This commit adds a tracepoint invocation for the case. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170507101813.30187-1-sj38.park@gmail.com Signed-off-by: SeongJae Park <sj38.park@gmail.com> Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-05-12mm, vmstat: Remove spurious WARN() during zoneinfo printReza Arbab-2/+0
After commit e2ecc8a79ed4 ("mm, vmstat: print non-populated zones in zoneinfo"), /proc/zoneinfo will show unpopulated zones. A memoryless node, having no populated zones at all, was previously ignored, but will now trigger the WARN() in is_zone_first_populated(). Remove this warning, as its only purpose was to warn of a situation that has since been enabled. Aside: The "per-node stats" are still printed under the first populated zone, but that's not necessarily the first stanza any more. I'm not sure which criteria is more important with regard to not breaking parsers, but it looks a little weird to the eye. Fixes: e2ecc8a79ed4 ("mm, vmstat: print node-based stats in zoneinfo file") Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1493854905-10918-1-git-send-email-arbab@linux.vnet.ibm.com Signed-off-by: Reza Arbab <arbab@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Anshuman Khandual <khandual@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-05-12hwpoison, memcg: forcibly uncharge LRU pagesMichal Hocko-1/+8
Laurent Dufour has noticed that hwpoinsoned pages are kept charged. In his particular case he has hit a bad_page("page still charged to cgroup") when onlining a hwpoison page. While this looks like something that shouldn't happen in the first place because onlining hwpages and returning them to the page allocator makes only little sense it shows a real problem. hwpoison pages do not get freed usually so we do not uncharge them (at least not since commit 0a31bc97c80c ("mm: memcontrol: rewrite uncharge API")). Each charge pins memcg (since e8ea14cc6ead ("mm: memcontrol: take a css reference for each charged page")) as well and so the mem_cgroup and the associated state will never go away. Fix this leak by forcibly uncharging a LRU hwpoisoned page in delete_from_lru_cache(). We also have to tweak uncharge_list because it cannot rely on zero ref count for these pages. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Fixes: 0a31bc97c80c ("mm: memcontrol: rewrite uncharge API") Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170502185507.GB19165@dhcp22.suse.cz Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Reported-by: Laurent Dufour <ldufour@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Tested-by: Laurent Dufour <ldufour@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Balbir Singh <bsingharora@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-05-11Merge tag 'arm64-upstream' of ↵Linus Torvalds-1/+1
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/arm64/linux Pull more arm64 updates from Catalin Marinas: - Silence module allocation failures when CONFIG_ARM*_MODULE_PLTS is enabled. This requires a check for __GFP_NOWARN in alloc_vmap_area() - Improve/sanitise user tagged pointers handling in the kernel - Inline asm fixes/cleanups * tag 'arm64-upstream' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/arm64/linux: arm64: Silence first allocation with CONFIG_ARM64_MODULE_PLTS=y ARM: Silence first allocation with CONFIG_ARM_MODULE_PLTS=y mm: Silence vmap() allocation failures based on caller gfp_flags arm64: uaccess: suppress spurious clang warning arm64: atomic_lse: match asm register sizes arm64: armv8_deprecated: ensure extension of addr arm64: uaccess: ensure extension of access_ok() addr arm64: ensure extension of smp_store_release value arm64: xchg: hazard against entire exchange variable arm64: documentation: document tagged pointer stack constraints arm64: entry: improve data abort handling of tagged pointers arm64: hw_breakpoint: fix watchpoint matching for tagged pointers arm64: traps: fix userspace cache maintenance emulation on a tagged pointer
2017-05-11mm: Silence vmap() allocation failures based on caller gfp_flagsFlorian Fainelli-1/+1
If the caller has set __GFP_NOWARN don't print the following message: vmap allocation for size 15736832 failed: use vmalloc=<size> to increase size. This can happen with the ARM/Linux or ARM64/Linux module loader built with CONFIG_ARM{,64}_MODULE_PLTS=y which does a first attempt at loading a large module from module space, then falls back to vmalloc space. Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Signed-off-by: Florian Fainelli <f.fainelli@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
2017-05-10Merge branch 'core-rcu-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds-36/+24
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip Pull RCU updates from Ingo Molnar: "The main changes are: - Debloat RCU headers - Parallelize SRCU callback handling (plus overlapping patches) - Improve the performance of Tree SRCU on a CPU-hotplug stress test - Documentation updates - Miscellaneous fixes" * 'core-rcu-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: (74 commits) rcu: Open-code the rcu_cblist_n_lazy_cbs() function rcu: Open-code the rcu_cblist_n_cbs() function rcu: Open-code the rcu_cblist_empty() function rcu: Separately compile large rcu_segcblist functions srcu: Debloat the <linux/rcu_segcblist.h> header srcu: Adjust default auto-expediting holdoff srcu: Specify auto-expedite holdoff time srcu: Expedite first synchronize_srcu() when idle srcu: Expedited grace periods with reduced memory contention srcu: Make rcutorture writer stalls print SRCU GP state srcu: Exact tracking of srcu_data structures containing callbacks srcu: Make SRCU be built by default srcu: Fix Kconfig botch when SRCU not selected rcu: Make non-preemptive schedule be Tasks RCU quiescent state srcu: Expedite srcu_schedule_cbs_snp() callback invocation srcu: Parallelize callback handling kvm: Move srcu_struct fields to end of struct kvm rcu: Fix typo in PER_RCU_NODE_PERIOD header comment rcu: Use true/false in assignment to bool rcu: Use bool value directly ...
2017-05-09Merge branch 'work.iov_iter' of ↵Linus Torvalds-1/+1
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs Pull vfs fix from Al Viro: "Braino fix for iov_iter_revert() misuse" * 'work.iov_iter' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs: fix braino in generic_file_read_iter()
2017-05-08Merge branch 'akpm' (patches from Andrew)Linus Torvalds-139/+310
Merge more updates from Andrew Morton: - the rest of MM - various misc things - procfs updates - lib/ updates - checkpatch updates - kdump/kexec updates - add kvmalloc helpers, use them - time helper updates for Y2038 issues. We're almost ready to remove current_fs_time() but that awaits a btrfs merge. - add tracepoints to DAX * emailed patches from Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>: (114 commits) drivers/staging/ccree/ssi_hash.c: fix build with gcc-4.4.4 selftests/vm: add a test for virtual address range mapping dax: add tracepoint to dax_insert_mapping() dax: add tracepoint to dax_writeback_one() dax: add tracepoints to dax_writeback_mapping_range() dax: add tracepoints to dax_load_hole() dax: add tracepoints to dax_pfn_mkwrite() dax: add tracepoints to dax_iomap_pte_fault() mtd: nand: nandsim: convert to memalloc_noreclaim_*() treewide: convert PF_MEMALLOC manipulations to new helpers mm: introduce memalloc_noreclaim_{save,restore} mm: prevent potential recursive reclaim due to clearing PF_MEMALLOC mm/huge_memory.c: deposit a pgtable for DAX PMD faults when required mm/huge_memory.c: use zap_deposited_table() more time: delete CURRENT_TIME_SEC and CURRENT_TIME gfs2: replace CURRENT_TIME with current_time apparmorfs: replace CURRENT_TIME with current_time() lustre: replace CURRENT_TIME macro fs: ubifs: replace CURRENT_TIME_SEC with current_time fs: ufs: use ktime_get_real_ts64() for birthtime ...
2017-05-08mm: introduce memalloc_noreclaim_{save,restore}Vlastimil Babka-11/+17
The previous patch ("mm: prevent potential recursive reclaim due to clearing PF_MEMALLOC") has shown that simply setting and clearing PF_MEMALLOC in current->flags can result in wrongly clearing a pre-existing PF_MEMALLOC flag and potentially lead to recursive reclaim. Let's introduce helpers that support proper nesting by saving the previous stat of the flag, similar to the existing memalloc_noio_* and memalloc_nofs_* helpers. Convert existing setting/clearing of PF_MEMALLOC within mm to the new helpers. There are no known issues with the converted code, but the change makes it more robust. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170405074700.29871-3-vbabka@suse.cz Signed-off-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Suggested-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Acked-by: Hillf Danton <hillf.zj@alibaba-inc.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com> Cc: Boris Brezillon <boris.brezillon@free-electrons.com> Cc: Chris Leech <cleech@redhat.com> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Cc: Josef Bacik <jbacik@fb.com> Cc: Lee Duncan <lduncan@suse.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Cc: Richard Weinberger <richard@nod.at> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-05-08mm: prevent potential recursive reclaim due to clearing PF_MEMALLOCVlastimil Babka-1/+2
Patch series "more robust PF_MEMALLOC handling" This series aims to unify the setting and clearing of PF_MEMALLOC, which prevents recursive reclaim. There are some places that clear the flag unconditionally from current->flags, which may result in clearing a pre-existing flag. This already resulted in a bug report that Patch 1 fixes (without the new helpers, to make backporting easier). Patch 2 introduces the new helpers, modelled after existing memalloc_noio_* and memalloc_nofs_* helpers, and converts mm core to use them. Patches 3 and 4 convert non-mm code. This patch (of 4): __alloc_pages_direct_compact() sets PF_MEMALLOC to prevent deadlock during page migration by lock_page() (see the comment in __unmap_and_move()). Then it unconditionally clears the flag, which can clear a pre-existing PF_MEMALLOC flag and result in recursive reclaim. This was not a problem until commit a8161d1ed609 ("mm, page_alloc: restructure direct compaction handling in slowpath"), because direct compation was called only after direct reclaim, which was skipped when PF_MEMALLOC flag was set. Even now it's only a theoretical issue, as the new callsite of __alloc_pages_direct_compact() is reached only for costly orders and when gfp_pfmemalloc_allowed() is true, which means either __GFP_NOMEMALLOC is in gfp_flags or in_interrupt() is true. There is no such known context, but let's play it safe and make __alloc_pages_direct_compact() robust for cases where PF_MEMALLOC is already set. Fixes: a8161d1ed609 ("mm, page_alloc: restructure direct compaction handling in slowpath") Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170405074700.29871-2-vbabka@suse.cz Signed-off-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Reported-by: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Acked-by: Hillf Danton <hillf.zj@alibaba-inc.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Boris Brezillon <boris.brezillon@free-electrons.com> Cc: Chris Leech <cleech@redhat.com> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Cc: Josef Bacik <jbacik@fb.com> Cc: Lee Duncan <lduncan@suse.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Cc: Richard Weinberger <richard@nod.at> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-05-08mm/huge_memory.c: deposit a pgtable for DAX PMD faults when requiredOliver O'Halloran-2/+18
Although all architectures use a deposited page table for THP on anonymous VMAs, some architectures (s390 and powerpc) require the deposited storage even for file backed VMAs due to quirks of their MMUs. This patch adds support for depositing a table in DAX PMD fault handling path for archs that require it. Other architectures should see no functional changes. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170411174233.21902-3-oohall@gmail.com Signed-off-by: Oliver O'Halloran <oohall@gmail.com> Cc: Reza Arbab <arbab@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Balbir Singh <bsingharora@gmail.com> Cc: linux-nvdimm@ml01.01.org Cc: Oliver O'Halloran <oohall@gmail.com> Cc: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-05-08mm/huge_memory.c: use zap_deposited_table() moreOliver O'Halloran-6/+2
Depending on the flags of the PMD being zapped there may or may not be a deposited pgtable to be freed. In two of the three cases this is open coded while the third uses the zap_deposited_table() helper. This patch converts the others to use the helper to clean things up a bit. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170411174233.21902-2-oohall@gmail.com Cc: Reza Arbab <arbab@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Balbir Singh <bsingharora@gmail.com> Cc: linux-nvdimm@ml01.01.org Cc: Oliver O'Halloran <oohall@gmail.com> Cc: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-05-08fs: semove set but not checked AOP_FLAG_UNINTERRUPTIBLE flagTetsuo Handa-6/+0
Commit afddba49d18f ("fs: introduce write_begin, write_end, and perform_write aops") introduced AOP_FLAG_UNINTERRUPTIBLE flag which was checked in pagecache_write_begin(), but that check was removed by 4e02ed4b4a2f ("fs: remove prepare_write/commit_write"). Between these two commits, commit d9414774dc0c ("cifs: Convert cifs to new aops.") added a check in cifs_write_begin(), but that check was soon removed by commit a98ee8c1c707 ("[CIFS] fix regression in cifs_write_begin/cifs_write_end"). Therefore, AOP_FLAG_UNINTERRUPTIBLE flag is checked nowhere. Let's remove this flag. This patch has no functionality changes. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1489294781-53494-1-git-send-email-penguin-kernel@I-love.SAKURA.ne.jp Signed-off-by: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@I-love.SAKURA.ne.jp> Reviewed-by: Jeff Layton <jlayton@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-05-08mm, vmalloc: use __GFP_HIGHMEM implicitlyMichal Hocko-11/+10
__vmalloc* allows users to provide gfp flags for the underlying allocation. This API is quite popular $ git grep "=[[:space:]]__vmalloc\|return[[:space:]]*__vmalloc" | wc -l 77 The only problem is that many people are not aware that they really want to give __GFP_HIGHMEM along with other flags because there is really no reason to consume precious lowmemory on CONFIG_HIGHMEM systems for pages which are mapped to the kernel vmalloc space. About half of users don't use this flag, though. This signals that we make the API unnecessarily too complex. This patch simply uses __GFP_HIGHMEM implicitly when allocating pages to be mapped to the vmalloc space. Current users which add __GFP_HIGHMEM are simplified and drop the flag. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170307141020.29107-1-mhocko@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Reviewed-by: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@microsoft.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Cristopher Lameter <cl@linux.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-05-08mm, swap: use kvzalloc to allocate some swap data structuresHuang Ying-13/+18
Now vzalloc() is used in swap code to allocate various data structures, such as swap cache, swap slots cache, cluster info, etc. Because the size may be too large on some system, so that normal kzalloc() may fail. But using kzalloc() has some advantages, for example, less memory fragmentation, less TLB pressure, etc. So change the data structure allocation in swap code to use kvzalloc() which will try kzalloc() firstly, and fallback to vzalloc() if kzalloc() failed. In general, although kmalloc() will reduce the number of high-order pages in short term, vmalloc() will cause more pain for memory fragmentation in the long term. And the swap data structure allocation that is changed in this patch is expected to be long term allocation. From Dave Hansen: "for example, we have a two-page data structure. vmalloc() takes two effectively random order-0 pages, probably from two different 2M pages and pins them. That "kills" two 2M pages. kmalloc(), allocating two *contiguous* pages, will not cross a 2M boundary. That means it will only "kill" the possibility of a single 2M page. More 2M pages == less fragmentation. The allocation in this patch occurs during swap on time, which is usually done during system boot, so usually we have high opportunity to allocate the contiguous pages successfully. The allocation for swap_map[] in struct swap_info_struct is not changed, because that is usually quite large and vmalloc_to_page() is used for it. That makes it a little harder to change. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170407064911.25447-1-ying.huang@intel.com Signed-off-by: Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com> Acked-by: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@intel.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Shaohua Li <shli@kernel.org> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-05-08treewide: use kv[mz]alloc* rather than opencoded variantsMichal Hocko-4/+1
There are many code paths opencoding kvmalloc. Let's use the helper instead. The main difference to kvmalloc is that those users are usually not considering all the aspects of the memory allocator. E.g. allocation requests <= 32kB (with 4kB pages) are basically never failing and invoke OOM killer to satisfy the allocation. This sounds too disruptive for something that has a reasonable fallback - the vmalloc. On the other hand those requests might fallback to vmalloc even when the memory allocator would succeed after several more reclaim/compaction attempts previously. There is no guarantee something like that happens though. This patch converts many of those places to kv[mz]alloc* helpers because they are more conservative. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170306103327.2766-2-mhocko@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Reviewed-by: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com> # Xen bits Acked-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Acked-by: Andreas Dilger <andreas.dilger@intel.com> # Lustre Acked-by: Christian Borntraeger <borntraeger@de.ibm.com> # KVM/s390 Acked-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> # nvdim Acked-by: David Sterba <dsterba@suse.com> # btrfs Acked-by: Ilya Dryomov <idryomov@gmail.com> # Ceph Acked-by: Tariq Toukan <tariqt@mellanox.com> # mlx4 Acked-by: Leon Romanovsky <leonro@mellanox.com> # mlx5 Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au> Cc: Anton Vorontsov <anton@enomsg.org> Cc: Colin Cross <ccross@android.com> Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@rjwysocki.net> Cc: Ben Skeggs <bskeggs@redhat.com> Cc: Kent Overstreet <kent.overstreet@gmail.com> Cc: Santosh Raspatur <santosh@chelsio.com> Cc: Hariprasad S <hariprasad@chelsio.com> Cc: Yishai Hadas <yishaih@mellanox.com> Cc: Oleg Drokin <oleg.drokin@intel.com> Cc: "Yan, Zheng" <zyan@redhat.com> Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org> Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com> Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-05-08mm: support __GFP_REPEAT in kvmalloc_node for >32kBMichal Hocko-3/+15
vhost code uses __GFP_REPEAT when allocating vhost_virtqueue resp. vhost_vsock because it would really like to prefer kmalloc to the vmalloc fallback - see 23cc5a991c7a ("vhost-net: extend device allocation to vmalloc") for more context. Michael Tsirkin has also noted: "__GFP_REPEAT overhead is during allocation time. Using vmalloc means all accesses are slowed down. Allocation is not on data path, accesses are." The similar applies to other vhost_kvzalloc users. Let's teach kvmalloc_node to handle __GFP_REPEAT properly. There are two things to be careful about. First we should prevent from the OOM killer and so have to involve __GFP_NORETRY by default and secondly override __GFP_REPEAT for !costly order requests as the __GFP_REPEAT is ignored for !costly orders. Supporting __GFP_REPEAT like semantic for !costly request is possible it would require changes in the page allocator. This is out of scope of this patch. This patch shouldn't introduce any functional change. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170306103032.2540-3-mhocko@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Acked-by: Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@redhat.com> Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-05-08mm, vmalloc: properly track vmalloc usersMichal Hocko-11/+1
__vmalloc_node_flags used to be static inline but this has changed by "mm: introduce kv[mz]alloc helpers" because kvmalloc_node needs to use it as well and the code is outside of the vmalloc proper. I haven't realized that changing this will lead to a subtle bug though. The function is responsible to track the caller as well. This caller is then printed by /proc/vmallocinfo. If __vmalloc_node_flags is not inline then we would get only direct users of __vmalloc_node_flags as callers (e.g. v[mz]alloc) which reduces usefulness of this debugging feature considerably. It simply doesn't help to see that the given range belongs to vmalloc as a caller: 0xffffc90002c79000-0xffffc90002c7d000 16384 vmalloc+0x16/0x18 pages=3 vmalloc N0=3 0xffffc90002c81000-0xffffc90002c85000 16384 vmalloc+0x16/0x18 pages=3 vmalloc N1=3 0xffffc90002c8d000-0xffffc90002c91000 16384 vmalloc+0x16/0x18 pages=3 vmalloc N1=3 0xffffc90002c95000-0xffffc90002c99000 16384 vmalloc+0x16/0x18 pages=3 vmalloc N1=3 We really want to catch the _caller_ of the vmalloc function. Fix this issue by making __vmalloc_node_flags static inline again. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170502134657.12381-1-mhocko@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-05-08mm: introduce kv[mz]alloc helpersMichal Hocko-1/+58
Patch series "kvmalloc", v5. There are many open coded kmalloc with vmalloc fallback instances in the tree. Most of them are not careful enough or simply do not care about the underlying semantic of the kmalloc/page allocator which means that a) some vmalloc fallbacks are basically unreachable because the kmalloc part will keep retrying until it succeeds b) the page allocator can invoke a really disruptive steps like the OOM killer to move forward which doesn't sound appropriate when we consider that the vmalloc fallback is available. As it can be seen implementing kvmalloc requires quite an intimate knowledge if the page allocator and the memory reclaim internals which strongly suggests that a helper should be implemented in the memory subsystem proper. Most callers, I could find, have been converted to use the helper instead. This is patch 6. There are some more relying on __GFP_REPEAT in the networking stack which I have converted as well and Eric Dumazet was not opposed [2] to convert them as well. [1] http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170130094940.13546-1-mhocko@kernel.org [2] http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1485273626.16328.301.camel@edumazet-glaptop3.roam.corp.google.com This patch (of 9): Using kmalloc with the vmalloc fallback for larger allocations is a common pattern in the kernel code. Yet we do not have any common helper for that and so users have invented their own helpers. Some of them are really creative when doing so. Let's just add kv[mz]alloc and make sure it is implemented properly. This implementation makes sure to not make a large memory pressure for > PAGE_SZE requests (__GFP_NORETRY) and also to not warn about allocation failures. This also rules out the OOM killer as the vmalloc is a more approapriate fallback than a disruptive user visible action. This patch also changes some existing users and removes helpers which are specific for them. In some cases this is not possible (e.g. ext4_kvmalloc, libcfs_kvzalloc) because those seems to be broken and require GFP_NO{FS,IO} context which is not vmalloc compatible in general (note that the page table allocation is GFP_KERNEL). Those need to be fixed separately. While we are at it, document that __vmalloc{_node} about unsupported gfp mask because there seems to be a lot of confusion out there. kvmalloc_node will warn about GFP_KERNEL incompatible (which are not superset) flags to catch new abusers. Existing ones would have to die slowly. [sfr@canb.auug.org.au: f2fs fixup] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170320163735.332e64b7@canb.auug.org.au Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170306103032.2540-2-mhocko@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Signed-off-by: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> Reviewed-by: Andreas Dilger <adilger@dilger.ca> [ext4 part] Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com> Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-05-08mm, compaction: finish whole pageblock to reduce fragmentationVlastimil Babka-2/+35
The main goal of direct compaction is to form a high-order page for allocation, but it should also help against long-term fragmentation when possible. Most lower-than-pageblock-order compactions are for non-movable allocations, which means that if we compact in a movable pageblock and terminate as soon as we create the high-order page, it's unlikely that the fallback heuristics will claim the whole block. Instead there might be a single unmovable page in a pageblock full of movable pages, and the next unmovable allocation might pick another pageblock and increase long-term fragmentation. To help against such scenarios, this patch changes the termination criteria for compaction so that the current pageblock is finished even though the high-order page already exists. Note that it might be possible that the high-order page formed elsewhere in the zone due to parallel activity, but this patch doesn't try to detect that. This is only done with sync compaction, because async compaction is limited to pageblock of the same migratetype, where it cannot result in a migratetype fallback. (Async compaction also eagerly skips order-aligned blocks where isolation fails, which is against the goal of migrating away as much of the pageblock as possible.) As a result of this patch, long-term memory fragmentation should be reduced. In testing based on 4.9 kernel with stress-highalloc from mmtests configured for order-4 GFP_KERNEL allocations, this patch has reduced the number of unmovable allocations falling back to movable pageblocks by 20%. The number Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170307131545.28577-9-vbabka@suse.cz Signed-off-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net> Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-05-08mm, compaction: restrict async compaction to pageblocks of same migratetypeVlastimil Babka-9/+22
The migrate scanner in async compaction is currently limited to MIGRATE_MOVABLE pageblocks. This is a heuristic intended to reduce latency, based on the assumption that non-MOVABLE pageblocks are unlikely to contain movable pages. However, with the exception of THP's, most high-order allocations are not movable. Should the async compaction succeed, this increases the chance that the non-MOVABLE allocations will fallback to a MOVABLE pageblock, making the long-term fragmentation worse. This patch attempts to help the situation by changing async direct compaction so that the migrate scanner only scans the pageblocks of the requested migratetype. If it's a non-MOVABLE type and there are such pageblocks that do contain movable pages, chances are that the allocation can succeed within one of such pageblocks, removing the need for a fallback. If that fails, the subsequent sync attempt will ignore this restriction. In testing based on 4.9 kernel with stress-highalloc from mmtests configured for order-4 GFP_KERNEL allocations, this patch has reduced the number of unmovable allocations falling back to movable pageblocks by 30%. The number of movable allocations falling back is reduced by 12%. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170307131545.28577-8-vbabka@suse.cz Signed-off-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-05-08mm, compaction: add migratetype to compact_controlVlastimil Babka-8/+8
Preparation patch. We are going to need migratetype at lower layers than compact_zone() and compact_finished(). Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170307131545.28577-7-vbabka@suse.cz Signed-off-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net> Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-05-08mm, compaction: change migrate_async_suitable() to suitable_migration_source()Vlastimil Babka-8/+11
Preparation for making the decisions more complex and depending on compact_control flags. No functional change. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170307131545.28577-6-vbabka@suse.cz Signed-off-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net> Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-05-08mm, page_alloc: count movable pages when stealing from pageblockVlastimil Babka-17/+62
When stealing pages from pageblock of a different migratetype, we count how many free pages were stolen, and change the pageblock's migratetype if more than half of the pageblock was free. This might be too conservative, as there might be other pages that are not free, but were allocated with the same migratetype as our allocation requested. While we cannot determine the migratetype of allocated pages precisely (at least without the page_owner functionality enabled), we can count pages that compaction would try to isolate for migration - those are either on LRU or __PageMovable(). The rest can be assumed to be MIGRATE_RECLAIMABLE or MIGRATE_UNMOVABLE, which we cannot easily distinguish. This counting can be done as part of free page stealing with little additional overhead. The page stealing code is changed so that it considers free pages plus pages of the "good" migratetype for the decision whether to change pageblock's migratetype. The result should be more accurate migratetype of pageblocks wrt the actual pages in the pageblocks, when stealing from semi-occupied pageblocks. This should help the efficiency of page grouping by mobility. In testing based on 4.9 kernel with stress-highalloc from mmtests configured for order-4 GFP_KERNEL allocations, this patch has reduced the number of unmovable allocations falling back to movable pageblocks by 47%. The number of movable allocations falling back to other pageblocks are increased by 55%, but these events don't cause permanent fragmentation, so the tradeoff should be positive. Later patches also offset the movable fallback increase to some extent. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: merge fix] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170307131545.28577-5-vbabka@suse.cz Signed-off-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-05-08mm, page_alloc: split smallest stolen page in fallbackVlastimil Babka-25/+37
The __rmqueue_fallback() function is called when there's no free page of requested migratetype, and we need to steal from a different one. There are various heuristics to make this event infrequent and reduce permanent fragmentation. The main one is to try stealing from a pageblock that has the most free pages, and possibly steal them all at once and convert the whole pageblock. Precise searching for such pageblock would be expensive, so instead the heuristics walks the free lists from MAX_ORDER down to requested order and assumes that the block with highest-order free page is likely to also have the most free pages in total. Chances are that together with the highest-order page, we steal also pages of lower orders from the same block. But then we still split the highest order page. This is wasteful and can contribute to fragmentation instead of avoiding it. This patch thus changes __rmqueue_fallback() to just steal the page(s) and put them on the freelist of the requested migratetype, and only report whether it was successful. Then we pick (and eventually split) the smallest page with __rmqueue_smallest(). This all happens under zone lock, so nobody can steal it from us in the process. This should reduce fragmentation due to fallbacks. At worst we are only stealing a single highest-order page and waste some cycles by moving it between lists and then removing it, but fallback is not exactly hot path so that should not be a concern. As a side benefit the patch removes some duplicate code by reusing __rmqueue_smallest(). [vbabka@suse.cz: fix endless loop in the modified __rmqueue()] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/59d71b35-d556-4fc9-ee2e-1574259282fd@suse.cz Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170307131545.28577-4-vbabka@suse.cz Signed-off-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net> Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-05-08mm, compaction: remove redundant watermark check in compact_finished()Vlastimil Babka-8/+0
When detecting whether compaction has succeeded in forming a high-order page, __compact_finished() employs a watermark check, followed by an own search for a suitable page in the freelists. This is not ideal for two reasons: - The watermark check also searches high-order freelists, but has a less strict criteria wrt fallback. It's therefore redundant and waste of cycles. This was different in the past when high-order watermark check attempted to apply reserves to high-order pages. - The watermark check might actually fail due to lack of order-0 pages. Compaction can't help with that, so there's no point in continuing because of that. It's possible that high-order page still exists and it terminates. This patch therefore removes the watermark check. This should save some cycles and terminate compaction sooner in some cases. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170307131545.28577-3-vbabka@suse.cz Signed-off-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net> Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>