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2016-03-08samples/bpf: add map_flags to bpf loaderAlexei Starovoitov-15/+23
note old loader is compatible with new kernel. map_flags are optional Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2016-03-08samples/bpf: move ksym_search() into libraryAlexei Starovoitov-66/+69
move ksym search from offwaketime into library to be reused in other tests Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2016-03-08samples/bpf: make map creation more verboseAlexei Starovoitov-1/+4
map creation is typically the first one to fail when rlimits are too low, not enough memory, etc Make this failure scenario more verbose Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2016-02-20samples/bpf: offwaketime exampleAlexei Starovoitov-0/+322
This is simplified version of Brendan Gregg's offwaketime: This program shows kernel stack traces and task names that were blocked and "off-CPU", along with the stack traces and task names for the threads that woke them, and the total elapsed time from when they blocked to when they were woken up. The combined stacks, task names, and total time is summarized in kernel context for efficiency. Example: $ sudo ./offwaketime | > demo.svg Open demo.svg in the browser as FlameGraph visualization. Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2016-02-06samples/bpf: update tracex[23] examples to use per-cpu mapsAlexei Starovoitov-13/+25
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2016-02-06samples/bpf: unit test for
A sanity test for BPF_MAP_TYPE_PERCPU_ARRAY Signed-off-by: Ming Lei <> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2016-02-06samples/bpf: unit test for BPF_MAP_TYPE_PERCPU_HASHMartin KaFai Lau-0/+96
A sanity test for BPF_MAP_TYPE_PERCPU_HASH. Signed-off-by: Martin KaFai Lau <> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2015-11-17Merge git:// Torvalds-2/+5
Pull networking fixes from David Miller: 1) Fix list tests in netfilter ingress support, from Florian Westphal. 2) Fix reversal of input and output interfaces in ingress hook invocation, from Pablo Neira Ayuso. 3) We have a use after free in r8169, caught by Dave Jones, fixed by Francois Romieu. 4) Splice use-after-free fix in AF_UNIX frmo Hannes Frederic Sowa. 5) Three ipv6 route handling bug fixes from Martin KaFai Lau: a) Don't create clone routes not managed by the fib6 tree b) Don't forget to check expiration of DST_NOCACHE routes. c) Handle rt->dst.from == NULL properly. 6) Several AF_PACKET fixes wrt transport header setting and SKB protocol setting, from Daniel Borkmann. 7) Fix thunder driver crash on shutdown, from Pavel Fedin. 8) Several Mellanox driver fixes (max MTU calculations, use of correct DMA unmap in TX path, etc.) from Saeed Mahameed, Tariq Toukan, Doron Tsur, Achiad Shochat, Eran Ben Elisha, and Noa Osherovich. 9) Several mv88e6060 DSA driver fixes (wrong bit definitions for certain registers, etc.) from Neil Armstrong. 10) Make sure to disable preemption while updating per-cpu stats of ip tunnels, from Jason A. Donenfeld. 11) Various ARM64 bpf JIT fixes, from Yang Shi. 12) Flush icache properly in ARM JITs, from Daniel Borkmann. 13) Fix masking of RX and TX interrupts in ravb driver, from Masaru Nagai. 14) Fix netdev feature propagation for devices not implementing ->ndo_set_features(). From Nikolay Aleksandrov. 15) Big endian fix in vmxnet3 driver, from Shrikrishna Khare. 16) RAW socket code increments incorrect SNMP counters, fix from Ben Cartwright-Cox. 17) IPv6 multicast SNMP counters are bumped twice, fix from Neil Horman. 18) Fix handling of VLAN headers on stacked devices when REORDER is disabled. From Vlad Yasevich. 19) Fix SKB leaks and use-after-free in ipvlan and macvlan drivers, from Sabrina Dubroca. * git:// (83 commits) MAINTAINERS: Update Mellanox's Eth NIC driver entries net/core: revert "net: fix __netdev_update_features return.." and add comment af_unix: take receive queue lock while appending new skb rtnetlink: fix frame size warning in rtnl_fill_ifinfo net: use skb_clone to avoid alloc_pages failure. packet: Use PAGE_ALIGNED macro packet: Don't check frames_per_block against negative values net: phy: Use interrupts when available in NOLINK state phy: marvell: Add support for 88E1540 PHY arm64: bpf: make BPF prologue and epilogue align with ARM64 AAPCS macvlan: fix leak in macvlan_handle_frame ipvlan: fix use after free of skb ipvlan: fix leak in ipvlan_rcv_frame vlan: Do not put vlan headers back on bridge and macvlan ports vlan: Fix untag operations of stacked vlans with REORDER_HEADER off via-velocity: unconditionally drop frames with bad l2 length ipg: Remove ipg driver dl2k: Add support for IP1000A-based cards snmp: Remove duplicate OUTMCAST stat increment net: thunder: Check for driver data in nicvf_remove() ...
2015-11-16bpf: samples: exclude asm/sysreg.h for arm64Yang Shi-2/+5
commit 338d4f49d6f7114a017d294ccf7374df4f998edc ("arm64: kernel: Add support for Privileged Access Never") includes sysreg.h into futex.h and uaccess.h. But, the inline assembly used by asm/sysreg.h is incompatible with llvm so it will cause BPF samples build failure for ARM64. Since sysreg.h is useless for BPF samples, just exclude it from Makefile via defining __ASM_SYSREG_H. Signed-off-by: Yang Shi <> Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2015-11-13Merge branch 'for-next' of ↵Linus Torvalds-1/+414
git:// Pull SCSI target updates from Nicholas Bellinger: "This series contains HCH's changes to absorb configfs attribute ->show() + ->store() function pointer usage from it's original tree-wide consumers, into common configfs code. It includes usb-gadget, target w/ drivers, netconsole and ocfs2 changes to realize the improved simplicity, that now renders the original include/target/configfs_macros.h CPP magic for fabric drivers and others, unnecessary and obsolete. And with common code in place, new configfs attributes can be added easier than ever before. Note, there are further improvements in-flight from other folks for v4.5 code in configfs land, plus number of target fixes for post -rc1 code" In the meantime, a new user of the now-removed old configfs API came in through the char/misc tree in commit 7bd1d4093c2f ("stm class: Introduce an abstraction for System Trace Module devices"). This merge resolution comes from Alexander Shishkin, who updated his stm class tracing abstraction to account for the removal of the old show_attribute and store_attribute methods in commit 517982229f78 ("configfs: remove old API") from this pull. As Alexander says about that patch: "There's no need to keep an extra wrapper structure per item and the awkward show_attribute/store_attribute item ops are no longer needed. This patch converts policy code to the new api, all the while making the code quite a bit smaller and easier on the eyes. Signed-off-by: Alexander Shishkin <>" That patch was folded into the merge so that the tree should be fully bisectable. * 'for-next' of git:// (23 commits) configfs: remove old API ocfs2/cluster: use per-attribute show and store methods ocfs2/cluster: move locking into attribute store methods netconsole: use per-attribute show and store methods target: use per-attribute show and store methods spear13xx_pcie_gadget: use per-attribute show and store methods dlm: use per-attribute show and store methods usb-gadget/f_serial: use per-attribute show and store methods usb-gadget/f_phonet: use per-attribute show and store methods usb-gadget/f_obex: use per-attribute show and store methods usb-gadget/f_uac2: use per-attribute show and store methods usb-gadget/f_uac1: use per-attribute show and store methods usb-gadget/f_mass_storage: use per-attribute show and store methods usb-gadget/f_sourcesink: use per-attribute show and store methods usb-gadget/f_printer: use per-attribute show and store methods usb-gadget/f_midi: use per-attribute show and store methods usb-gadget/f_loopback: use per-attribute show and store methods usb-gadget/ether: use per-attribute show and store methods usb-gadget/f_acm: use per-attribute show and store methods usb-gadget/f_hid: use per-attribute show and store methods ...
2015-11-06Merge tag 'trace-v4.4' of ↵Linus Torvalds-3/+3
git:// Pull tracking updates from Steven Rostedt: "Most of the changes are clean ups and small fixes. Some of them have stable tags to them. I searched through my INBOX just as the merge window opened and found lots of patches to pull. I ran them through all my tests and they were in linux-next for a few days. Features added this release: ---------------------------- - Module globbing. You can now filter function tracing to several modules. # echo '*:mod:*snd*' > set_ftrace_filter (Dmitry Safonov) - Tracer specific options are now visible even when the tracer is not active. It was rather annoying that you can only see and modify tracer options after enabling the tracer. Now they are in the options/ directory even when the tracer is not active. Although they are still only visible when the tracer is active in the trace_options file. - Trace options are now per instance (although some of the tracer specific options are global) - New tracefs file: set_event_pid. If any pid is added to this file, then all events in the instance will filter out events that are not part of this pid. sched_switch and sched_wakeup events handle next and the wakee pids" * tag 'trace-v4.4' of git:// (68 commits) tracefs: Fix refcount imbalance in start_creating() tracing: Put back comma for empty fields in boot string parsing tracing: Apply tracer specific options from kernel command line. tracing: Add some documentation about set_event_pid ring_buffer: Remove unneeded smp_wmb() before wakeup of reader benchmark tracing: Allow dumping traces without tracking trace started cpus ring_buffer: Fix more races when terminating the producer in the benchmark ring_buffer: Do no not complete benchmark reader too early tracing: Remove redundant TP_ARGS redefining tracing: Rename max_stack_lock to stack_trace_max_lock tracing: Allow arch-specific stack tracer recordmcount: arm64: Replace the ignored mcount call into nop recordmcount: Fix endianness handling bug for nop_mcount tracepoints: Fix documentation of RCU lockdep checks tracing: ftrace_event_is_function() can return boolean tracing: is_legal_op() can return boolean ring-buffer: rb_event_is_commit() can return boolean ring-buffer: rb_per_cpu_empty() can return boolean ring_buffer: ring_buffer_empty{cpu}() can return boolean ring-buffer: rb_is_reader_page() can return boolean ...
2015-11-02bpf: add sample usages for persistent maps/progsDaniel Borkmann-0/+208
This patch adds a couple of stand-alone examples on how BPF_OBJ_PIN and BPF_OBJ_GET commands can be used. Example with maps: # ./fds_example -F /sys/fs/bpf/m -P -m -k 1 -v 42 bpf: map fd:3 (Success) bpf: pin ret:(0,Success) bpf: fd:3 u->(1:42) ret:(0,Success) # ./fds_example -F /sys/fs/bpf/m -G -m -k 1 bpf: get fd:3 (Success) bpf: fd:3 l->(1):42 ret:(0,Success) # ./fds_example -F /sys/fs/bpf/m -G -m -k 1 -v 24 bpf: get fd:3 (Success) bpf: fd:3 u->(1:24) ret:(0,Success) # ./fds_example -F /sys/fs/bpf/m -G -m -k 1 bpf: get fd:3 (Success) bpf: fd:3 l->(1):24 ret:(0,Success) # ./fds_example -F /sys/fs/bpf/m2 -P -m bpf: map fd:3 (Success) bpf: pin ret:(0,Success) # ./fds_example -F /sys/fs/bpf/m2 -G -m -k 1 bpf: get fd:3 (Success) bpf: fd:3 l->(1):0 ret:(0,Success) # ./fds_example -F /sys/fs/bpf/m2 -G -m bpf: get fd:3 (Success) Example with progs: # ./fds_example -F /sys/fs/bpf/p -P -p bpf: prog fd:3 (Success) bpf: pin ret:(0,Success) bpf sock:4 <- fd:3 attached ret:(0,Success) # ./fds_example -F /sys/fs/bpf/p -G -p bpf: get fd:3 (Success) bpf: sock:4 <- fd:3 attached ret:(0,Success) # ./fds_example -F /sys/fs/bpf/p2 -P -p -o ./sockex1_kern.o bpf: prog fd:5 (Success) bpf: pin ret:(0,Success) bpf: sock:3 <- fd:5 attached ret:(0,Success) # ./fds_example -F /sys/fs/bpf/p2 -G -p bpf: get fd:3 (Success) bpf: sock:4 <- fd:3 attached ret:(0,Success) Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <> Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2015-11-02Sample: Trace_event: Correct the commentsChunyan Zhang-3/+3
The commit 889204278ccf ("tracing: Update trace-event-sample with TRACE_SYSTEM_VAR documentation") changed TRACE_SYSTEM to 'sample-trace', but didn't make the according change of its name in the comments. Link: Signed-off-by: Chunyan Zhang <> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <>
2015-11-01Merge git:// S. Miller-0/+12
2015-10-27bpf: sample: define aarch64 specific registersYang Shi-0/+12
Define aarch64 specific registers for building bpf samples correctly. Signed-off-by: Yang Shi <> Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2015-10-22samples: bpf: add bpf_perf_event_output exampleAlexei Starovoitov-0/+236
Performance test and example of bpf_perf_event_output(). kprobe is attached to sys_write() and trivial bpf program streams pid+cookie into userspace via PERF_COUNT_SW_BPF_OUTPUT event. Usage: $ sudo ./bld_x64/samples/bpf/trace_output recv 2968913 events per sec Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2015-10-13configfs: remove old APIChristoph Hellwig-1/+414
Remove the old show_attribute and store_attribute methods and update the documentation. Also replace the two C samples with a single new one in the proper samples directory where people expect to find it. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <> Signed-off-by: Nicholas Bellinger <>
2015-10-12bpf: add unprivileged bpf testsAlexei Starovoitov-10/+355
Add new tests samples/bpf/test_verifier: unpriv: return pointer checks that pointer cannot be returned from the eBPF program unpriv: add const to pointer unpriv: add pointer to pointer unpriv: neg pointer checks that pointer arithmetic is disallowed unpriv: cmp pointer with const unpriv: cmp pointer with pointer checks that comparison of pointers is disallowed Only one case allowed 'void *value = bpf_map_lookup_elem(..); if (value == 0) ...' unpriv: check that printk is disallowed since bpf_trace_printk is not available to unprivileged unpriv: pass pointer to helper function checks that pointers cannot be passed to functions that expect integers If function expects a pointer the verifier allows only that type of pointer. Like 1st argument of bpf_map_lookup_elem() must be pointer to map. (applies to non-root as well) unpriv: indirectly pass pointer on stack to helper function checks that pointer stored into stack cannot be used as part of key passed into bpf_map_lookup_elem() unpriv: mangle pointer on stack 1 unpriv: mangle pointer on stack 2 checks that writing into stack slot that already contains a pointer is disallowed unpriv: read pointer from stack in small chunks checks that < 8 byte read from stack slot that contains a pointer is disallowed unpriv: write pointer into ctx checks that storing pointers into skb->fields is disallowed unpriv: write pointer into map elem value checks that storing pointers into element values is disallowed For example: int bpf_prog(struct __sk_buff *skb) { u32 key = 0; u64 *value = bpf_map_lookup_elem(&map, &key); if (value) *value = (u64) skb; } will be rejected. unpriv: partial copy of pointer checks that doing 32-bit register mov from register containing a pointer is disallowed unpriv: pass pointer to tail_call checks that passing pointer as an index into bpf_tail_call is disallowed unpriv: cmp map pointer with zero checks that comparing map pointer with constant is disallowed unpriv: write into frame pointer checks that frame pointer is read-only (applies to root too) unpriv: cmp of frame pointer checks that R10 cannot be using in comparison unpriv: cmp of stack pointer checks that Rx = R10 - imm is ok, but comparing Rx is not unpriv: obfuscate stack pointer checks that Rx = R10 - imm is ok, but Rx -= imm is not Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2015-10-02Merge git:// S. Miller-12/+12
Conflicts: net/dsa/slave.c net/dsa/slave.c simply had overlapping changes. Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2015-10-01kprobes: use _do_fork() in samples to make them work againPetr Mladek-12/+12
Commit 3033f14ab78c ("clone: support passing tls argument via C rather than pt_regs magic") introduced _do_fork() that allowed to pass @tls parameter. The old do_fork() is defined only for architectures that are not ready to use this way and do not define HAVE_COPY_THREAD_TLS. Let's use _do_fork() in the kprobe examples to make them work again on all architectures. Signed-off-by: Petr Mladek <> Cc: Ingo Molnar <> Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <> Cc: Thiago Macieira <> Cc: Jiri Kosina <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2015-09-17bpf: add bpf_redirect() helperAlexei Starovoitov-1/+27
Existing bpf_clone_redirect() helper clones skb before redirecting it to RX or TX of destination netdev. Introduce bpf_redirect() helper that does that without cloning. Benchmarked with two hosts using 10G ixgbe NICs. One host is doing line rate pktgen. Another host is configured as: $ tc qdisc add dev $dev ingress $ tc filter add dev $dev root pref 10 u32 match u32 0 0 flowid 1:2 \ action bpf run object-file tcbpf1_kern.o section clone_redirect_xmit drop so it receives the packet on $dev and immediately xmits it on $dev + 1 The section 'clone_redirect_xmit' in tcbpf1_kern.o file has the program that does bpf_clone_redirect() and performance is 2.0 Mpps $ tc filter add dev $dev root pref 10 u32 match u32 0 0 flowid 1:2 \ action bpf run object-file tcbpf1_kern.o section redirect_xmit drop which is using bpf_redirect() - 2.4 Mpps and using cls_bpf with integrated actions as: $ tc filter add dev $dev root pref 10 \ bpf run object-file tcbpf1_kern.o section redirect_xmit integ_act classid 1 performance is 2.5 Mpps To summarize: u32+act_bpf using clone_redirect - 2.0 Mpps u32+act_bpf using redirect - 2.4 Mpps cls_bpf using redirect - 2.5 Mpps For comparison linux bridge in this setup is doing 2.1 Mpps and ixgbe rx + drop in ip_rcv - 7.8 Mpps Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Acked-by: Daniel Borkmann <> Acked-by: John Fastabend <> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2015-08-12bpf: fix build warnings and add function read_trace_pipe()Kaixu Xia-9/+14
There are two improvements in this patch: 1. Fix the build warnings; 2. Add function read_trace_pipe() to print the result on the screen; Before this patch, we can get the result through /sys/kernel/de bug/tracing/trace_pipe and get nothing on the screen. By applying this patch, the result can be printed on the screen. $ ./tracex6 ... tracex6-705 [003] d..1 131.428593: : CPU-3 19981414 sshd-683 [000] d..1 131.428727: : CPU-0 221682321 sshd-683 [000] d..1 131.428821: : CPU-0 221808766 sshd-683 [000] d..1 131.428950: : CPU-0 221982984 sshd-683 [000] d..1 131.429045: : CPU-0 222111851 tracex6-705 [003] d..1 131.429168: : CPU-3 20757551 sshd-683 [000] d..1 131.429170: : CPU-0 222281240 sshd-683 [000] d..1 131.429261: : CPU-0 222403340 sshd-683 [000] d..1 131.429378: : CPU-0 222561024 ... Signed-off-by: Kaixu Xia <> Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2015-08-09samples/bpf: example of get selected PMU counter valueKaixu Xia-0/+100
This is a simple example and shows how to use the new ability to get the selected Hardware PMU counter value. Signed-off-by: Kaixu Xia <> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2015-07-27ebpf: Allow dereferences of PTR_TO_STACK registersAlex Gartrell-0/+59
mov %rsp, %r1 ; r1 = rsp add $-8, %r1 ; r1 = rsp - 8 store_q $123, -8(%rsp) ; *(u64*)r1 = 123 <- valid store_q $123, (%r1) ; *(u64*)r1 = 123 <- previously invalid mov $0, %r0 exit ; Always need to exit And we'd get the following error: 0: (bf) r1 = r10 1: (07) r1 += -8 2: (7a) *(u64 *)(r10 -8) = 999 3: (7a) *(u64 *)(r1 +0) = 999 R1 invalid mem access 'fp' Unable to load program We already know that a register is a stack address and the appropriate offset, so we should be able to validate those references as well. Signed-off-by: Alex Gartrell <> Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2015-07-23Merge git:// S. Miller-2/+5
Conflicts: net/bridge/br_mdb.c br_mdb.c conflict was a function call being removed to fix a bug in 'net' but whose signature was changed in 'net-next'. Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2015-07-17tracing: Fix sample output of dynamic arraysSteven Rostedt (Red Hat)-2/+5
He Kuang noticed that the trace event samples for arrays was broken: "The output result of trace_foo_bar event in traceevent samples is wrong. This problem can be reproduced as following: (Build kernel with SAMPLE_TRACE_EVENTS=m) $ insmod trace-events-sample.ko $ echo 1 > /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sample-trace/foo_bar/enable $ cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/trace event-sample-980 [000] .... 43.649559: foo_bar: foo hello 21 0x15 BIT1|BIT3|0x10 {0x1,0x6f6f6e53,0xff007970,0xffffffff} Snoopy ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ The array length is not right, should be {0x1}. (ffffffff,ffffffff) event-sample-980 [000] .... 44.653827: foo_bar: foo hello 22 0x16 BIT2|BIT3|0x10 {0x1,0x2,0x646e6147,0x666c61,0xffffffff,0xffffffff,0x750aeffe,0x7} ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ The array length is not right, should be {0x1,0x2}. Gandalf (ffffffff,ffffffff)" This was caused by an update to have __print_array()'s second parameter be the count of items in the array and not the size of the array. As there is already users of __print_array(), it can not change. But the sample code can and we can also improve on the documentation about __print_array() and __get_dynamic_array_len(). Link: Fixes: ac01ce1410fc2 ("tracing: Make ftrace_print_array_seq compute buf_len") Reported-by: He Kuang <> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <>
2015-07-08samples: bpf: enable trace samples for s390xMichael Holzheu-12/+37
The trace bpf samples do not compile on s390x because they use x86 specific fields from the "pt_regs" structure. Fix this and access the fields via new PT_REGS macros. Signed-off-by: Michael Holzheu <> Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2015-06-23bpf: BPF based latency tracingDaniel Wagner-0/+206
BPF offers another way to generate latency histograms. We attach kprobes at trace_preempt_off and trace_preempt_on and calculate the time it takes to from seeing the off/on transition. The first array is used to store the start time stamp. The key is the CPU id. The second array stores the log2(time diff). We need to use static allocation here (array and not hash tables). The kprobes hooking into trace_preempt_on|off should not calling any dynamic memory allocation or free path. We need to avoid recursivly getting called. Besides that, it reduces jitter in the measurement. CPU 0 latency : count distribution 1 -> 1 : 0 | | 2 -> 3 : 0 | | 4 -> 7 : 0 | | 8 -> 15 : 0 | | 16 -> 31 : 0 | | 32 -> 63 : 0 | | 64 -> 127 : 0 | | 128 -> 255 : 0 | | 256 -> 511 : 0 | | 512 -> 1023 : 0 | | 1024 -> 2047 : 0 | | 2048 -> 4095 : 166723 |*************************************** | 4096 -> 8191 : 19870 |*** | 8192 -> 16383 : 6324 | | 16384 -> 32767 : 1098 | | 32768 -> 65535 : 190 | | 65536 -> 131071 : 179 | | 131072 -> 262143 : 18 | | 262144 -> 524287 : 4 | | 524288 -> 1048575 : 1363 | | CPU 1 latency : count distribution 1 -> 1 : 0 | | 2 -> 3 : 0 | | 4 -> 7 : 0 | | 8 -> 15 : 0 | | 16 -> 31 : 0 | | 32 -> 63 : 0 | | 64 -> 127 : 0 | | 128 -> 255 : 0 | | 256 -> 511 : 0 | | 512 -> 1023 : 0 | | 1024 -> 2047 : 0 | | 2048 -> 4095 : 114042 |*************************************** | 4096 -> 8191 : 9587 |** | 8192 -> 16383 : 4140 | | 16384 -> 32767 : 673 | | 32768 -> 65535 : 179 | | 65536 -> 131071 : 29 | | 131072 -> 262143 : 4 | | 262144 -> 524287 : 1 | | 524288 -> 1048575 : 364 | | CPU 2 latency : count distribution 1 -> 1 : 0 | | 2 -> 3 : 0 | | 4 -> 7 : 0 | | 8 -> 15 : 0 | | 16 -> 31 : 0 | | 32 -> 63 : 0 | | 64 -> 127 : 0 | | 128 -> 255 : 0 | | 256 -> 511 : 0 | | 512 -> 1023 : 0 | | 1024 -> 2047 : 0 | | 2048 -> 4095 : 40147 |*************************************** | 4096 -> 8191 : 2300 |* | 8192 -> 16383 : 828 | | 16384 -> 32767 : 178 | | 32768 -> 65535 : 59 | | 65536 -> 131071 : 2 | | 131072 -> 262143 : 0 | | 262144 -> 524287 : 1 | | 524288 -> 1048575 : 174 | | CPU 3 latency : count distribution 1 -> 1 : 0 | | 2 -> 3 : 0 | | 4 -> 7 : 0 | | 8 -> 15 : 0 | | 16 -> 31 : 0 | | 32 -> 63 : 0 | | 64 -> 127 : 0 | | 128 -> 255 : 0 | | 256 -> 511 : 0 | | 512 -> 1023 : 0 | | 1024 -> 2047 : 0 | | 2048 -> 4095 : 29626 |*************************************** | 4096 -> 8191 : 2704 |** | 8192 -> 16383 : 1090 | | 16384 -> 32767 : 160 | | 32768 -> 65535 : 72 | | 65536 -> 131071 : 32 | | 131072 -> 262143 : 26 | | 262144 -> 524287 : 12 | | 524288 -> 1048575 : 298 | | All this is based on the trace3 examples written by Alexei Starovoitov <>. Signed-off-by: Daniel Wagner <> Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <> Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <> Cc: "David S. Miller" <> Cc: Daniel Borkmann <> Cc: Ingo Molnar <> Cc: Cc: Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Acked-by: Daniel Borkmann <> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2015-06-15bpf: introduce current->pid, tgid, uid, gid, comm accessorsAlexei Starovoitov-14/+83
eBPF programs attached to kprobes need to filter based on current->pid, uid and other fields, so introduce helper functions: u64 bpf_get_current_pid_tgid(void) Return: current->tgid << 32 | current->pid u64 bpf_get_current_uid_gid(void) Return: current_gid << 32 | current_uid bpf_get_current_comm(char *buf, int size_of_buf) stores current->comm into buf They can be used from the programs attached to TC as well to classify packets based on current task fields. Update tracex2 example to print histogram of write syscalls for each process instead of aggregated for all. Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2015-06-07bpf: allow programs to write to certain skb fieldsAlexei Starovoitov-26/+93
allow programs read/write skb->mark, tc_index fields and ((struct qdisc_skb_cb *)cb)->data. mark and tc_index are generically useful in TC. cb[0]-cb[4] are primarily used to pass arguments from one program to another called via bpf_tail_call() which can be seen in sockex3_kern.c example. All fields of 'struct __sk_buff' are readable to socket and tc_cls_act progs. mark, tc_index are writeable from tc_cls_act only. cb[0]-cb[4] are writeable by both sockets and tc_cls_act. Add verifier tests and improve sample code. Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2015-06-07bpf: make programs see skb->data == L2 for ingress and egressAlexei Starovoitov-4/+4
eBPF programs attached to ingress and egress qdiscs see inconsistent skb->data. For ingress L2 header is already pulled, whereas for egress it's present. This is known to program writers which are currently forced to use BPF_LL_OFF workaround. Since programs don't change skb internal pointers it is safe to do pull/push right around invocation of the program and earlier taps and later pt->func() will not be affected. Multiple taps via packet_rcv(), tpacket_rcv() are doing the same trick around run_filter/BPF_PROG_RUN even if skb_shared. This fix finally allows programs to use optimized LD_ABS/IND instructions without BPF_LL_OFF for higher performance. tc ingress + cls_bpf + samples/bpf/tcbpf1_kern.o w/o JIT w/JIT before 20.5 23.6 Mpps after 21.8 26.6 Mpps Old programs with BPF_LL_OFF will still work as-is. We can now undo most of the earlier workaround commit: a166151cbe33 ("bpf: fix bpf helpers to use skb->mac_header relative offsets") Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Acked-by: Jamal Hadi Salim <> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2015-05-22pktgen: add benchmark script pktgen_bench_xmit_mode_netif_receive.shJesper Dangaard Brouer-0/+86
This script is a benchmark script, which can be used for benchmarking part of the network stack. This can be used for performance improving or catching regression in that area. The script is developed for benchmarking ingress qdisc path, original idea by Alexei Starovoitov. This script don't really need any hardware. This is achieved via the recently introduced stack inject feature "xmit_mode netif_receive". See commit 62f64aed622b6 ("pktgen: introduce xmit_mode '<start_xmit|netif_receive>'"). Signed-off-by: Jesper Dangaard Brouer <> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2015-05-22pktgen: add sample script pktgen_sample03_burst_single_flow.shJesper Dangaard Brouer-0/+82
Add the pktgen samples script that demonstrates how to acheive maximum performance. If correctly tuned[1] single CPU 10Gbit/s wirespeed small pkts is possible[2] which is 14.88Mpps. The trick is to take advantage of the "burst" feature introduced in commit 38b2cf2982dc73 ("net: pktgen: packet bursting via skb->xmit_more"). [1] [2] Signed-off-by: Jesper Dangaard Brouer <> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2015-05-22pktgen: add sample script pktgen_sample02_multiqueue.shJesper Dangaard Brouer-139/+75
Add the pktgen samples script that demonstrates generating packets on multiqueue NICs. Specifically notice the options "-t" that specifies how many kernel threads to activate. Also notice the flag QUEUE_MAP_CPU, which cause the SKB TX queue to be mapped to the CPU running the kernel thread. For best scalability people are also encourage to map NIC IRQ /proc/irq/*/smp_affinity to CPU number. Usage example with "-t" 4 threads and help: ./ -i eth4 -m 00:1B:21:3C:9D:F8 -t 4 Usage: ./ [-vx] -i ethX -i : ($DEV) output interface/device (required) -s : ($PKT_SIZE) packet size -d : ($DEST_IP) destination IP -m : ($DST_MAC) destination MAC-addr -t : ($THREADS) threads to start -c : ($SKB_CLONE) SKB clones send before alloc new SKB -b : ($BURST) HW level bursting of SKBs -v : ($VERBOSE) verbose -x : ($DEBUG) debug Removing pktgen.conf-2-1 and pktgen.conf-2-2 as these examples should be covered now. Signed-off-by: Jesper Dangaard Brouer <> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2015-05-22pktgen: add sample script pktgen_sample01_simple.shJesper Dangaard Brouer-59/+71
Add the first basic pktgen samples script, which demonstrates the a simple use of the helper functions. Removing pktgen.conf-1-1 as that example should be covered now. The naming scheme pktgen_sampleNN, where NN is a number, should encourage reading the samples in a specific order. Script cause pktgen sending with a single thread and single interface, and introduce flow variation via random UDP source port. Usage example and help: ./ -i eth4 -m 00:1B:21:3C:9D:F8 -d Usage: ./ [-vx] -i ethX -i : ($DEV) output interface/device (required) -s : ($PKT_SIZE) packet size -d : ($DEST_IP) destination IP -m : ($DST_MAC) destination MAC-addr -c : ($SKB_CLONE) SKB clones send before alloc new SKB -v : ($VERBOSE) verbose -x : ($DEBUG) debug Signed-off-by: Jesper Dangaard Brouer <> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2015-05-22pktgen: new pktgen helper functions for samples scriptsJesper Dangaard Brouer-0/+261
Preparing for removing existing samples/pktgen/ scripts, and replacing these with easier to use samples. This commit provides two helper shell files, that can be "included" by shell source'ing. Namely "" and "". The file support easy and consistant parameter parsing across the sample scripts. Usage example is printed on errors. The file provides, three new shell functions for configuring the different components of pktgen: pg_ctrl(), pg_thread() and pg_set(). A slightly improved version of the old pgset() function is also provided for backwards compat. The new functions correspond to pktgens different components. * pg_ctrl() control "pgctrl" (/proc/net/pktgen/pgctrl) * pg_thread() control the kernel threads and binding to devices * pg_set() control setup of individual devices These changes are borrowed from: Signed-off-by: Jesper Dangaard Brouer <> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2015-05-21samples/bpf: bpf_tail_call example for networkingAlexei Starovoitov-0/+375
Usage: $ sudo ./sockex3 IP src.port -> dst.port bytes packets -> 1568 8 -> 11422636 173070 -> 11260224828 341974 -> 1832 12 IP src.port -> dst.port bytes packets -> 1568 8 -> 23198092 351486 -> 22972698518 698616 -> 1832 12 this example is similar to sockex2 in a way that it accumulates per-flow statistics, but it does packet parsing differently. sockex2 inlines full packet parser routine into single bpf program. This sockex3 example have 4 independent programs that parse vlan, mpls, ip, ipv6 and one main program that starts the process. bpf_tail_call() mechanism allows each program to be small and be called on demand potentially multiple times, so that many vlan, mpls, ip in ip, gre encapsulations can be parsed. These and other protocol parsers can be added or removed at runtime. TLVs can be parsed in similar manner. Note, tail_call_cnt dynamic check limits the number of tail calls to 32. Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2015-05-21samples/bpf: bpf_tail_call example for tracingAlexei Starovoitov-12/+172
kprobe example that demonstrates how future seccomp programs may look like. It attaches to seccomp_phase1() function and tail-calls other BPF programs depending on syscall number. Existing optimized classic BPF seccomp programs generated by Chrome look like: if ( < 121) { if ( < 57) { if ( < 22) { if ( < 7) { if ( < 4) { if ( < 1) { check sys_read } else { if ( < 3) { check sys_write and sys_open } else { check sys_close } } } else { } else { } else { } else { } else { } the future seccomp using native eBPF may look like: bpf_tail_call(&sd, &syscall_jmp_table,; which is simpler, faster and leaves more room for per-syscall checks. Usage: $ sudo ./tracex5 <...>-366 [001] d... 4.870033: : read(fd=1, buf=00007f6d5bebf000, size=771) <...>-369 [003] d... 4.870066: : mmap <...>-369 [003] d... 4.870077: : syscall=110 (one of get/set uid/pid/gid) <...>-369 [003] d... 4.870089: : syscall=107 (one of get/set uid/pid/gid) sh-369 [000] d... 4.891740: : read(fd=0, buf=00000000023d1000, size=512) sh-369 [000] d... 4.891747: : write(fd=1, buf=00000000023d3000, size=512) sh-369 [000] d... 4.891747: : read(fd=1, buf=00000000023d3000, size=512) Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2015-05-12samples/bpf: fix in-source build of samples with clangBrenden Blanco-1/+1
in-source build of 'make samples/bpf/' was incorrectly using default compiler instead of invoking clang/llvm. out-of-source build was ok. Fixes: a80857822b0c ("samples: bpf: trivial eBPF program in C") Signed-off-by: Brenden Blanco <> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2015-04-16bpf: fix two bugs in verification logic when accessing 'ctx' pointerAlexei Starovoitov-0/+22
1. first bug is a silly mistake. It broke tracing examples and prevented simple bpf programs from loading. In the following code: if (insn->imm == 0 && BPF_SIZE(insn->code) == BPF_W) { } else if (...) { // this part should have been executed when // insn->code == BPF_W and insn->imm != 0 } Obviously it's not doing that. So simple instructions like: r2 = *(u64 *)(r1 + 8) will be rejected. Note the comments in the code around these branches were and still valid and indicate the true intent. Replace it with: if (BPF_SIZE(insn->code) != BPF_W) continue; if (insn->imm == 0) { } else if (...) { // now this code will be executed when // insn->code == BPF_W and insn->imm != 0 } 2. second bug is more subtle. If malicious code is using the same dest register as source register, the checks designed to prevent the same instruction to be used with different pointer types will fail to trigger, since we were assigning src_reg_type when it was already overwritten by check_mem_access(). The fix is trivial. Just move line: src_reg_type = regs[insn->src_reg].type; before check_mem_access(). Add new 'access skb fields bad4' test to check this case. Fixes: 9bac3d6d548e ("bpf: allow extended BPF programs access skb fields") Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2015-04-16bpf: fix bpf helpers to use skb->mac_header relative offsetsAlexei Starovoitov-10/+6
For the short-term solution, lets fix bpf helper functions to use skb->mac_header relative offsets instead of skb->data in order to get the same eBPF programs with cls_bpf and act_bpf work on ingress and egress qdisc path. We need to ensure that mac_header is set before calling into programs. This is effectively the first option from below referenced discussion. More long term solution for LD_ABS|LD_IND instructions will be more intrusive but also more beneficial than this, and implemented later as it's too risky at this point in time. I.e., we plan to look into the option of moving skb_pull() out of eth_type_trans() and into netif_receive_skb() as has been suggested as second option. Meanwhile, this solution ensures ingress can be used with eBPF, too, and that we won't run into ABI troubles later. For dealing with negative offsets inside eBPF helper functions, we've implemented bpf_skb_clone_unwritable() to test for unwriteable headers. Reference: Fixes: 608cd71a9c7c ("tc: bpf: generalize pedit action") Fixes: 91bc4822c3d6 ("tc: bpf: add checksum helpers") Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2015-04-15Merge git:// Torvalds-19/+716
Pull networking updates from David Miller: 1) Add BQL support to via-rhine, from Tino Reichardt. 2) Integrate SWITCHDEV layer support into the DSA layer, so DSA drivers can support hw switch offloading. From Floria Fainelli. 3) Allow 'ip address' commands to initiate multicast group join/leave, from Madhu Challa. 4) Many ipv4 FIB lookup optimizations from Alexander Duyck. 5) Support EBPF in cls_bpf classifier and act_bpf action, from Daniel Borkmann. 6) Remove the ugly compat support in ARP for ugly layers like ax25, rose, etc. And use this to clean up the neigh layer, then use it to implement MPLS support. All from Eric Biederman. 7) Support L3 forwarding offloading in switches, from Scott Feldman. 8) Collapse the LOCAL and MAIN ipv4 FIB tables when possible, to speed up route lookups even further. From Alexander Duyck. 9) Many improvements and bug fixes to the rhashtable implementation, from Herbert Xu and Thomas Graf. In particular, in the case where an rhashtable user bulk adds a large number of items into an empty table, we expand the table much more sanely. 10) Don't make the tcp_metrics hash table per-namespace, from Eric Biederman. 11) Extend EBPF to access SKB fields, from Alexei Starovoitov. 12) Split out new connection request sockets so that they can be established in the main hash table. Much less false sharing since hash lookups go direct to the request sockets instead of having to go first to the listener then to the request socks hashed underneath. From Eric Dumazet. 13) Add async I/O support for crytpo AF_ALG sockets, from Tadeusz Struk. 14) Support stable privacy address generation for RFC7217 in IPV6. From Hannes Frederic Sowa. 15) Hash network namespace into IP frag IDs, also from Hannes Frederic Sowa. 16) Convert PTP get/set methods to use 64-bit time, from Richard Cochran. * git:// (1816 commits) fm10k: Bump driver version to 0.15.2 fm10k: corrected VF multicast update fm10k: mbx_update_max_size does not drop all oversized messages fm10k: reset head instead of calling update_max_size fm10k: renamed mbx_tx_dropped to mbx_tx_oversized fm10k: update xcast mode before synchronizing multicast addresses fm10k: start service timer on probe fm10k: fix function header comment fm10k: comment next_vf_mbx flow fm10k: don't handle mailbox events in iov_event path and always process mailbox fm10k: use separate workqueue for fm10k driver fm10k: Set PF queues to unlimited bandwidth during virtualization fm10k: expose tx_timeout_count as an ethtool stat fm10k: only increment tx_timeout_count in Tx hang path fm10k: remove extraneous "Reset interface" message fm10k: separate PF only stats so that VF does not display them fm10k: use hw->mac.max_queues for stats fm10k: only show actual queues, not the maximum in hardware fm10k: allow creation of VLAN on default vid fm10k: fix unused warnings ...
2015-04-14Merge branch 'perf-core-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds-12/+779
git:// Pull perf changes from Ingo Molnar: "Core kernel changes: - One of the more interesting features in this cycle is the ability to attach eBPF programs (user-defined, sandboxed bytecode executed by the kernel) to kprobes. This allows user-defined instrumentation on a live kernel image that can never crash, hang or interfere with the kernel negatively. (Right now it's limited to root-only, but in the future we might allow unprivileged use as well.) (Alexei Starovoitov) - Another non-trivial feature is per event clockid support: this allows, amongst other things, the selection of different clock sources for event timestamps traced via perf. This feature is sought by people who'd like to merge perf generated events with external events that were measured with different clocks: - cluster wide profiling - for system wide tracing with user-space events, - JIT profiling events etc. Matching perf tooling support is added as well, available via the -k, --clockid <clockid> parameter to perf record et al. (Peter Zijlstra) Hardware enablement kernel changes: - x86 Intel Processor Trace (PT) support: which is a hardware tracer on steroids, available on Broadwell CPUs. The hardware trace stream is directly output into the user-space ring-buffer, using the 'AUX' data format extension that was added to the perf core to support hardware constraints such as the necessity to have the tracing buffer physically contiguous. This patch-set was developed for two years and this is the result. A simple way to make use of this is to use BTS tracing, the PT driver emulates BTS output - available via the 'intel_bts' PMU. More explicit PT specific tooling support is in the works as well - will probably be ready by 4.2. (Alexander Shishkin, Peter Zijlstra) - x86 Intel Cache QoS Monitoring (CQM) support: this is a hardware feature of Intel Xeon CPUs that allows the measurement and allocation/partitioning of caches to individual workloads. These kernel changes expose the measurement side as a new PMU driver, which exposes various QoS related PMU events. (The partitioning change is work in progress and is planned to be merged as a cgroup extension.) (Matt Fleming, Peter Zijlstra; CPU feature detection by Peter P Waskiewicz Jr) - x86 Intel Haswell LBR call stack support: this is a new Haswell feature that allows the hardware recording of call chains, plus tooling support. To activate this feature you have to enable it via the new 'lbr' call-graph recording option: perf record --call-graph lbr perf report or: perf top --call-graph lbr This hardware feature is a lot faster than stack walk or dwarf based unwinding, but has some limitations: - It reuses the current LBR facility, so LBR call stack and branch record can not be enabled at the same time. - It is only available for user-space callchains. (Yan, Zheng) - x86 Intel Broadwell CPU support and various event constraints and event table fixes for earlier models. (Andi Kleen) - x86 Intel HT CPUs event scheduling workarounds. This is a complex CPU bug affecting the SNB,IVB,HSW families that results in counter value corruption. The mitigation code is automatically enabled and is transparent. (Maria Dimakopoulou, Stephane Eranian) The perf tooling side had a ton of changes in this cycle as well, so I'm only able to list the user visible changes here, in addition to the tooling changes outlined above: User visible changes affecting all tools: - Improve support of compressed kernel modules (Jiri Olsa) - Save DSO loading errno to better report errors (Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo) - Bash completion for subcommands (Yunlong Song) - Add 'I' event modifier for perf_event_attr.exclude_idle bit (Jiri Olsa) - Support missing -f to override file ownership. (Yunlong Song) - Show the first event with an invalid filter (David Ahern, Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo) User visible changes in individual tools: 'perf data': New tool for converting to other formats, initially for the CTF (Common Trace Format) from LTTng (Jiri Olsa, Sebastian Siewior) 'perf diff': Add --kallsyms option (David Ahern) 'perf list': Allow listing events with 'tracepoint' prefix (Yunlong Song) Sort the output of the command (Yunlong Song) 'perf kmem': Respect -i option (Jiri Olsa) Print big numbers using thousands' group (Namhyung Kim) Allow -v option (Namhyung Kim) Fix alignment of slab result table (Namhyung Kim) 'perf probe': Support multiple probes on different binaries on the same command line (Masami Hiramatsu) Support unnamed union/structure members data collection. (Masami Hiramatsu) Check kprobes blacklist when adding new events. (Masami Hiramatsu) 'perf record': Teach 'perf record' about perf_event_attr.clockid (Peter Zijlstra) Support recording running/enabled time (Andi Kleen) 'perf sched': Improve the performance of 'perf sched replay' on high CPU core count machines (Yunlong Song) 'perf report' and 'perf top': Allow annotating entries in callchains in the hists browser (Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo) Indicate which callchain entries are annotated in the TUI hists browser (Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo) Add pid/tid filtering to 'report' and 'script' commands (David Ahern) Consider PERF_RECORD_ events with cpumode == 0 in 'perf top', removing one cause of long term memory usage buildup, i.e. not processing PERF_RECORD_EXIT events (Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo) 'perf stat': Report unsupported events properly (Suzuki K. Poulose) Output running time and run/enabled ratio in CSV mode (Andi Kleen) 'perf trace': Handle legacy syscalls tracepoints (David Ahern, Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo) Only insert blank duration bracket when tracing syscalls (Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo) Filter out the trace pid when no threads are specified (Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo) Dump stack on segfaults (Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo) No need to explicitely enable evsels for workload started from perf, let it be enabled via perf_event_attr.enable_on_exec, removing some events that take place in the 'perf trace' before a workload is really started by it. (Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo) Allow mixing with tracepoints and suppressing plain syscalls. (Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo) There's also been a ton of infrastructure work done, such as the split-out of perf's build system into tools/build/ and other changes - see the shortlog and changelog for details" * 'perf-core-for-linus' of git:// (358 commits) perf/x86/intel/pt: Clean up the control flow in pt_pmu_hw_init() perf evlist: Fix type for references to data_head/tail perf probe: Check the orphaned -x option perf probe: Support multiple probes on different binaries perf buildid-list: Fix segfault when show DSOs with hits perf tools: Fix cross-endian analysis perf tools: Fix error path to do closedir() when synthesizing threads perf tools: Fix synthesizing fork_event.ppid for non-main thread perf tools: Add 'I' event modifier for exclude_idle bit perf report: Don't call map__kmap if map is NULL. perf tests: Fix attr tests perf probe: Fix ARM 32 building error perf tools: Merge all perf_event_attr print functions perf record: Add clockid parameter perf sched replay: Use replay_repeat to calculate the runavg of cpu usage instead of the default value 10 perf sched replay: Support using -f to override file ownership perf sched replay: Fix the EMFILE error caused by the limitation of the maximum open files perf sched replay: Handle the dead halt of sem_wait when create_tasks() fails for any task perf sched replay: Fix the segmentation fault problem caused by pr_err in threads perf sched replay: Realloc the memory of pid_to_task stepwise to adapt to the different pid_max configurations ...
2015-04-14Merge tag 'trace-v4.1' of ↵Linus Torvalds-2/+82
git:// Pull tracing updates from Steven Rostedt: "Some clean ups and small fixes, but the biggest change is the addition of the TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM() macro that can be used by tracepoints. Tracepoints have helper functions for the TP_printk() called __print_symbolic() and __print_flags() that lets a numeric number be displayed as a a human comprehensible text. What is placed in the TP_printk() is also shown in the tracepoint format file such that user space tools like perf and trace-cmd can parse the binary data and express the values too. Unfortunately, the way the TRACE_EVENT() macro works, anything placed in the TP_printk() will be shown pretty much exactly as is. The problem arises when enums are used. That's because unlike macros, enums will not be changed into their values by the C pre-processor. Thus, the enum string is exported to the format file, and this makes it useless for user space tools. The TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM() solves this by converting the enum strings in the TP_printk() format into their number, and that is what is shown to user space. For example, the tracepoint tlb_flush currently has this in its format file: __print_symbolic(REC->reason, { TLB_FLUSH_ON_TASK_SWITCH, "flush on task switch" }, { TLB_REMOTE_SHOOTDOWN, "remote shootdown" }, { TLB_LOCAL_SHOOTDOWN, "local shootdown" }, { TLB_LOCAL_MM_SHOOTDOWN, "local mm shootdown" }) After adding: TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(TLB_FLUSH_ON_TASK_SWITCH); TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(TLB_REMOTE_SHOOTDOWN); TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(TLB_LOCAL_SHOOTDOWN); TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(TLB_LOCAL_MM_SHOOTDOWN); Its format file will contain this: __print_symbolic(REC->reason, { 0, "flush on task switch" }, { 1, "remote shootdown" }, { 2, "local shootdown" }, { 3, "local mm shootdown" })" * tag 'trace-v4.1' of git:// (27 commits) tracing: Add enum_map file to show enums that have been mapped writeback: Export enums used by tracepoint to user space v4l: Export enums used by tracepoints to user space SUNRPC: Export enums in tracepoints to user space mm: tracing: Export enums in tracepoints to user space irq/tracing: Export enums in tracepoints to user space f2fs: Export the enums in the tracepoints to userspace net/9p/tracing: Export enums in tracepoints to userspace x86/tlb/trace: Export enums in used by tlb_flush tracepoint tracing/samples: Update the trace-event-sample.h with TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM() tracing: Allow for modules to convert their enums to values tracing: Add TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM() macro to map enums to their values tracing: Update trace-event-sample with TRACE_SYSTEM_VAR documentation tracing: Give system name a pointer brcmsmac: Move each system tracepoints to their own header iwlwifi: Move each system tracepoints to their own header mac80211: Move message tracepoints to their own header tracing: Add TRACE_SYSTEM_VAR to xhci-hcd tracing: Add TRACE_SYSTEM_VAR to kvm-s390 tracing: Add TRACE_SYSTEM_VAR to intel-sst ...
2015-04-14Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds-1/+7
git:// Pull HID updates from Jiri Kosina: - quite a few firmware fixes for RMI driver by Andrew Duggan - huion and uclogic drivers have been substantially overlaping in functionality laterly. This redundancy is fixed by hid-huion driver being merged into hid-uclogic; work done by Benjamin Tissoires and Nikolai Kondrashov - i2c-hid now supports ACPI GPIO interrupts; patch from Mika Westerberg - Some of the quirks, that got separated into individual drivers, have historically had EXPERT dependency. As HID subsystem matured (as well as the individual drivers), this made less and less sense. This dependency is now being removed by patch from Jean Delvare - Logitech lg4ff driver received a couple of improvements for mode switching, by Michal Malý - multitouch driver now supports clickpads, patches by Benjamin Tissoires and Seth Forshee - hid-sensor framework received a substantial update; namely support for Custom and Generic pages is being added; work done by Srinivas Pandruvada - wacom driver received substantial update; it now supports i2c-conntected devices (Mika Westerberg), Bamboo PADs are now properly supported (Benjamin Tissoires), much improved battery reporting (Jason Gerecke) and pen proximity cleanups (Ping Cheng) - small assorted fixes and device ID additions * 'for-linus' of git:// (68 commits) HID: sensor: Update document for custom sensor HID: sensor: Custom and Generic sensor support HID: debug: fix error handling in hid_debug_events_read() Input - mt: Fix input_mt_get_slot_by_key HID: logitech-hidpp: fix error return code HID: wacom: Add support for Cintiq 13HD Touch HID: logitech-hidpp: add a module parameter to keep firmware gestures HID: usbhid: yet another mouse with ALWAYS_POLL HID: usbhid: more mice with ALWAYS_POLL HID: wacom: set stylus_in_proximity before checking touch_down HID: wacom: use wacom_wac_finger_count_touches to set touch_down HID: wacom: remove hardcoded WACOM_QUIRK_MULTI_INPUT HID: pidff: effect can't be NULL HID: add quirk for PIXART OEM mouse used by HP HID: add HP OEM mouse to quirk ALWAYS_POLL HID: wacom: ask for a in-prox report when it was missed HID: hid-sensor-hub: Fix sparse warning HID: hid-sensor-hub: fix attribute read for logical usage id HID: plantronics: fix Kconfig default HID: pidff: support more than one concurrent effect ...
2015-04-13Merge branches 'for-4.0/upstream-fixes', 'for-4.1/genius', ↵Jiri Kosina-17/+510
'for-4.1/huion-uclogic-merge', 'for-4.1/i2c-hid', 'for-4.1/kconfig-drop-expert-dependency', 'for-4.1/logitech', 'for-4.1/multitouch', 'for-4.1/rmi', 'for-4.1/sony', 'for-4.1/upstream' and 'for-4.1/wacom' into for-linus
2015-04-08tracing/samples: Update the trace-event-sample.h with TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM()Steven Rostedt (Red Hat)-1/+63
Document the use of TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM() by adding enums to the trace-event-sample.h and using this macro to convert them in the format files. Also update the comments and sho the use of __print_symbolic() and __print_flags() as well as adding comments abount __print_array(). Link: Reviewed-by: Masami Hiramatsu <> Tested-by: Masami Hiramatsu <> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <>
2015-04-08tracing: Update trace-event-sample with TRACE_SYSTEM_VAR documentationSteven Rostedt (Red Hat)-1/+19
Add documentation about TRACE_SYSTEM needing to be alpha-numeric or with underscores, and that if it is not, then the use of TRACE_SYSTEM_VAR is required to make something that is. An example of this is shown in samples/trace_events/trace-events-sample.h Link: Reviewed-by: Masami Hiramatsu <> Tested-by: Masami Hiramatsu <> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <>
2015-04-06tc: bpf: add checksum helpersAlexei Starovoitov-0/+79
Commit 608cd71a9c7c ("tc: bpf: generalize pedit action") has added the possibility to mangle packet data to BPF programs in the tc pipeline. This patch adds two helpers bpf_l3_csum_replace() and bpf_l4_csum_replace() for fixing up the protocol checksums after the packet mangling. It also adds 'flags' argument to bpf_skb_store_bytes() helper to avoid unnecessary checksum recomputations when BPF programs adjusting l3/l4 checksums and documents all three helpers in uapi header. Moreover, a sample program is added to show how BPF programs can make use of the mangle and csum helpers. Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Acked-by: Daniel Borkmann <> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <>
2015-04-02samples/bpf: Add kmem_alloc()/free() tracker toolAlexei Starovoitov-0/+127
One BPF program attaches to kmem_cache_alloc_node() and remembers all allocated objects in the map. Another program attaches to kmem_cache_free() and deletes corresponding object from the map. User space walks the map every second and prints any objects which are older than 1 second. Usage: $ sudo tracex4 Then start few long living processes. The 'tracex4' will print something like this: obj 0xffff880465928000 is 13sec old was allocated at ip ffffffff8105dc32 obj 0xffff88043181c280 is 13sec old was allocated at ip ffffffff8105dc32 obj 0xffff880465848000 is 8sec old was allocated at ip ffffffff8105dc32 obj 0xffff8804338bc280 is 15sec old was allocated at ip ffffffff8105dc32 $ addr2line -fispe vmlinux ffffffff8105dc32 do_fork at fork.c:1665 As soon as processes exit the memory is reclaimed and 'tracex4' prints nothing. Similar experiment can be done with the __kmalloc()/kfree() pair. Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <> Cc: Andrew Morton <> Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <> Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <> Cc: Daniel Borkmann <> Cc: David S. Miller <> Cc: Jiri Olsa <> Cc: Linus Torvalds <> Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <> Cc: Namhyung Kim <> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <> Cc: Steven Rostedt <> Link: Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <>