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2016-05-27Merge tag 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/virt/kvm/kvmLinus Torvalds-1/+1236
Pull second batch of KVM updates from Radim Krčmář: "General: - move kvm_stat tool from QEMU repo into tools/kvm/kvm_stat (kvm_stat had nothing to do with QEMU in the first place -- the tool only interprets debugfs) - expose per-vm statistics in debugfs and support them in kvm_stat (KVM always collected per-vm statistics, but they were summarised into global statistics) x86: - fix dynamic APICv (VMX was improperly configured and a guest could access host's APIC MSRs, CVE-2016-4440) - minor fixes ARM changes from Christoffer Dall: - new vgic reimplementation of our horribly broken legacy vgic implementation. The two implementations will live side-by-side (with the new being the configured default) for one kernel release and then we'll remove the legacy one. - fix for a non-critical issue with virtual abort injection to guests" * tag 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/virt/kvm/kvm: (70 commits) tools: kvm_stat: Add comments tools: kvm_stat: Introduce pid monitoring KVM: Create debugfs dir and stat files for each VM MAINTAINERS: Add kvm tools tools: kvm_stat: Powerpc related fixes tools: Add kvm_stat man page tools: Add kvm_stat vm monitor script kvm:vmx: more complete state update on APICv on/off KVM: SVM: Add more SVM_EXIT_REASONS KVM: Unify traced vector format svm: bitwise vs logical op typo KVM: arm/arm64: vgic-new: Synchronize changes to active state KVM: arm/arm64: vgic-new: enable build KVM: arm/arm64: vgic-new: implement mapped IRQ handling KVM: arm/arm64: vgic-new: Wire up irqfd injection KVM: arm/arm64: vgic-new: Add vgic_v2/v3_enable KVM: arm/arm64: vgic-new: vgic_init: implement map_resources KVM: arm/arm64: vgic-new: vgic_init: implement vgic_init KVM: arm/arm64: vgic-new: vgic_init: implement vgic_create KVM: arm/arm64: vgic-new: vgic_init: implement kvm_vgic_hyp_init ...
2016-05-26Merge branch 'kbuild' of ↵Linus Torvalds-4/+4
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mmarek/kbuild Pull kbuild updates from Michal Marek: - new option CONFIG_TRIM_UNUSED_KSYMS which does a two-pass build and unexports symbols which are not used in the current config [Nicolas Pitre] - several kbuild rule cleanups [Masahiro Yamada] - warning option adjustments for gcov etc [Arnd Bergmann] - a few more small fixes * 'kbuild' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mmarek/kbuild: (31 commits) kbuild: move -Wunused-const-variable to W=1 warning level kbuild: fix if_change and friends to consider argument order kbuild: fix adjust_autoksyms.sh for modules that need only one symbol kbuild: fix ksym_dep_filter when multiple EXPORT_SYMBOL() on the same line gcov: disable -Wmaybe-uninitialized warning gcov: disable tree-loop-im to reduce stack usage gcov: disable for COMPILE_TEST Kbuild: disable 'maybe-uninitialized' warning for CONFIG_PROFILE_ALL_BRANCHES Kbuild: change CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_SIZE definition kbuild: forbid kernel directory to contain spaces and colons kbuild: adjust ksym_dep_filter for some cmd_* renames kbuild: Fix dependencies for final vmlinux link kbuild: better abstract vmlinux sequential prerequisites kbuild: fix call to adjust_autoksyms.sh when output directory specified kbuild: Get rid of KBUILD_STR kbuild: rename cmd_as_s_S to cmd_cpp_s_S kbuild: rename cmd_cc_i_c to cmd_cpp_i_c kbuild: drop redundant "PHONY += FORCE" kbuild: delete unnecessary "@:" kbuild: mark help target as PHONY ...
2016-05-25Merge branch 'perf-urgent-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds-247/+473
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip Pull perf updates from Ingo Molnar: "Mostly tooling and PMU driver fixes, but also a number of late updates such as the reworking of the call-chain size limiting logic to make call-graph recording more robust, plus tooling side changes for the new 'backwards ring-buffer' extension to the perf ring-buffer" * 'perf-urgent-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: (34 commits) perf record: Read from backward ring buffer perf record: Rename variable to make code clear perf record: Prevent reading invalid data in record__mmap_read perf evlist: Add API to pause/resume perf trace: Use the ptr->name beautifier as default for "filename" args perf trace: Use the fd->name beautifier as default for "fd" args perf report: Add srcline_from/to branch sort keys perf evsel: Record fd into perf_mmap perf evsel: Add overwrite attribute and check write_backward perf tools: Set buildid dir under symfs when --symfs is provided perf trace: Only auto set call-graph to "dwarf" when syscalls are being traced perf annotate: Sort list of recognised instructions perf annotate: Fix identification of ARM blt and bls instructions perf tools: Fix usage of max_stack sysctl perf callchain: Stop validating callchains by the max_stack sysctl perf trace: Fix exit_group() formatting perf top: Use machine->kptr_restrict_warned perf trace: Warn when trying to resolve kernel addresses with kptr_restrict=1 perf machine: Do not bail out if not managing to read ref reloc symbol perf/x86/intel/p4: Trival indentation fix, remove space ...
2016-05-25Merge branch 'core-urgent-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds-0/+9
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip Pull objtool build fix from Ingo Molnar: "An libtool fix for older libelf versions" * 'core-urgent-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: objtool: Allow building with older libelf
2016-05-25Merge branch 'parisc-4.7-1' of ↵Linus Torvalds-1/+9
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/deller/parisc-linux Pull parisc updates from Helge Deller: - Add native high-resolution timing code for sched_clock() and other timing functions based on the processor internal cr16 cycle counters - Add syscall tracepoint support - Add regset support - Speed up get_user() and put_user() functions - Updated futex.h to match generic implementation (John David Anglin) - A few smaller ftrace build fixes - Fixed thuge-gen kernel self test to utilize architectured MAP_HUGETLB value - Added parisc architecture to seccomp_bpf kernel self test - Various typo fixes (Andrea Gelmini) * 'parisc-4.7-1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/deller/parisc-linux: parisc: Whitespace cleanups in unistd.h parisc: Use long jump to reach ftrace_return_to_handler() parisc: Fix typo in fpudispatch.c parisc: Fix typos in eisa_eeprom.h parisc: Fix typo in ldcw.h parisc: Fix typo in pdc.h parisc: Update futex.h to match generic implementation parisc: Merge ftrace C-helper and assembler functions into .text.hot section selftests/thuge-gen: Use platform specific MAP_HUGETLB value parisc: Add native high-resolution sched_clock() implementation parisc: Add ARCH_TRACEHOOK and regset support parisc: Add 64bit get_user() and put_user() for 32bit kernel parisc: Simplify and speed up get_user() and put_user() parisc: Add syscall tracepoint support
2016-05-25tools: kvm_stat: Add commentsJanosch Frank-2/+159
A lot of the code works with the perf events about which only sparse documentation was available until 2012. Having that information now, we can clarify what is done in the code. Signed-off-by: Janosch Frank <frankja@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
2016-05-25tools: kvm_stat: Introduce pid monitoringJanosch Frank-22/+167
Having stats for single VMs can help to determine the problem of a VM without the need of running other tools like perf. The tracepoints already allowed pid level monitoring, but kvm_stat didn't have support for it till now. Support for the newly implemented debugfs vm monitoring was also implemented. Signed-off-by: Janosch Frank <frankja@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
2016-05-25tools: kvm_stat: Powerpc related fixesHemant Kumar-0/+2
kvm_stat script is failing to execute on powerpc : # ./kvm_stat Traceback (most recent call last): File "./kvm_stat", line 825, in <module> main() File "./kvm_stat", line 813, in main providers = get_providers(options) File "./kvm_stat", line 778, in get_providers providers.append(TracepointProvider()) File "./kvm_stat", line 416, in __init__ self.filters = get_filters() File "./kvm_stat", line 315, in get_filters if ARCH.exit_reasons: AttributeError: 'ArchPPC' object has no attribute 'exit_reasons' This is because, its trying to access a non-defined attribute. Also, the IOCTL number of RESET is incorrect for powerpc. The correct number has been added. Signed-off-by: Hemant Kumar <hemant@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
2016-05-25tools: Add kvm_stat man pagePaolo Bonzini-2/+99
Converted from the Texinfo source in QEMU to asciidoc. The a2x incantation was provided by Janosch Frank. Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
2016-05-25tools: Add kvm_stat vm monitor scriptJanosch Frank-1/+835
This tool displays kvm vm exit statistics to ease vm monitoring. It takes its data from the kvm debugfs files or the vm tracepoints and outputs them as a curses ui or simple text. It was moved from qemu, as it is dependent on the kernel whereas qemu works with a large number of kernel versions, some of which may break the script. Signed-off-by: Janosch Frank <frankja@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
2016-05-24Merge tag 'for_linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mst/vhostLinus Torvalds-3/+55
Pull virtio updates from Michael Tsirkin: "Looks like a quiet cycle for virtio. There's a new inorder option for the ringtest tool, and a bugfix for balloon for ppc platforms when using virtio 1 mode" * tag 'for_linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mst/vhost: ringtest: pass buf != NULL virtio_balloon: fix PFN format for virtio-1 virtio: add inorder option
2016-05-23Merge tag 'linux-kselftest-4.7-rc1' of ↵Linus Torvalds-3/+80
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/shuah/linux-kselftest Pull kselftest updates from Shuah Khan: "This update for Kselftest adds: - a new ftrace testcase - fixes for ftrace and intel_pstate tests" * tag 'linux-kselftest-4.7-rc1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/shuah/linux-kselftest: tools: testing: define the _GNU_SOURCE macro kselftests/ftrace: Add a test case for event pid filtering kselftests/ftrace: Detect tracefs mount point
2016-05-23Merge tag 'trace-v4.7-3' of ↵Linus Torvalds-10/+5
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rostedt/linux-trace Pull tracing fix from Steven Rostedt: "Reviewing the selftest I recently submitted, I realize that the second part of it uses my old hack to get the PID of the spawned background tasks, which doesn't work for all shells, instead of the common use of $!" * tag 'trace-v4.7-3' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rostedt/linux-trace: ftracetest: Use proper logic to find process PID
2016-05-23perf record: Read from backward ring bufferWang Nan-0/+54
Introduce rb_find_range() to find start and end position from a backward ring buffer. Signed-off-by: Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com> Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org> Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com> Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org> Cc: Zefan Li <lizefan@huawei.com> Cc: pi3orama@163.com Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1463987628-163563-5-git-send-email-wangnan0@huawei.com Signed-off-by: He Kuang <hekuang@huawei.com> Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
2016-05-23perf record: Rename variable to make code clearWang Nan-10/+11
record__mmap_read() writes data from ring buffer into perf.data. 'head' is maintained by the kernel, points to the last written record. 'old' is maintained by perf, points to the record read in previous round. record__mmap_read() saves data from 'old' to 'head' to perf.data. The names of these variables are not very intutive. In addition, when dealing with backward writing ring buffer, the md->prev pointer should point to 'head' instead of the last byte it got. Add 'start' and 'end' pointer to make code clear and set md->prev to 'head' instead of the moved 'old' pointer. This patch doesn't change behavior since: buf = &data[old & md->mask]; size = head - old; old += size; <--- Here, old == head Signed-off-by: Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com> Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org> Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com> Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org> Cc: Zefan Li <lizefan@huawei.com> Cc: pi3orama@163.com Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1463987628-163563-4-git-send-email-wangnan0@huawei.com Signed-off-by: He Kuang <hekuang@huawei.com> Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
2016-05-23perf record: Prevent reading invalid data in record__mmap_readWang Nan-0/+8
When record__mmap_read() requires data more than the size of ring buffer, drop those data to avoid accessing invalid memory. This can happen when reading from overwritable ring buffer, which should be avoided. However, check this for robustness. Signed-off-by: Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com> Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org> Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com> Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org> Cc: Zefan Li <lizefan@huawei.com> Cc: pi3orama@163.com Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1463987628-163563-3-git-send-email-wangnan0@huawei.com Signed-off-by: He Kuang <hekuang@huawei.com> Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
2016-05-23perf evlist: Add API to pause/resumeWang Nan-0/+29
perf_evlist__toggle_{pause,resume}() are introduced to pause/resume events in an evlist. Utilize PERF_EVENT_IOC_PAUSE_OUTPUT ioctl. Following commits use them to ensure overwrite ring buffer is paused before reading. Signed-off-by: Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com> Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org> Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com> Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org> Cc: Zefan Li <lizefan@huawei.com> Cc: pi3orama@163.com Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1463987628-163563-2-git-send-email-wangnan0@huawei.com Signed-off-by: He Kuang <hekuang@huawei.com> [ Return -1, like all other ioctl() usage in evlist.c, rename 'pause' arg to avoid breaking the build on ubuntu 12.04 and other old systems ] Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
2016-05-23perf trace: Use the ptr->name beautifier as default for "filename" argsArnaldo Carvalho de Melo-77/+43
Auto-attach the ptr->name beautifier to syscall args "filename", "path" and "pathname" if they are of type "const char *". Cc: Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@intel.com> Cc: David Ahern <dsahern@gmail.com> Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org> Cc: Milian Wolff <milian.wolff@kdab.com> Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org> Cc: Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/n/tip-jxii4qmcgoppftv0zdvml9d7@git.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
2016-05-23perf trace: Use the fd->name beautifier as default for "fd" argsArnaldo Carvalho de Melo-78/+54
Noticed when the 'setsockopt' 'fd' arg wasn't being formatted via the SCA_FD beautifier, so just remove the setting of "fd" args to SCA_FD and do it when reading the syscall info, like we do for args of type "pid_t", i.e. "fd" as the name should be enough as the decision to use the SFA_FD beautifier. For odd cases we can just do it explicitely. Cc: Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@intel.com> Cc: David Ahern <dsahern@gmail.com> Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org> Cc: Milian Wolff <milian.wolff@kdab.com> Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org> Cc: Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/n/tip-0qissgetiuqmqyj4b6ancmpn@git.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
2016-05-23Merge tag 'libnvdimm-for-4.7' of ↵Linus Torvalds-22/+108
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/nvdimm/nvdimm Pull libnvdimm updates from Dan Williams: "The bulk of this update was stabilized before the merge window and appeared in -next. The "device dax" implementation was revised this week in response to review feedback, and to address failures detected by the recently expanded ndctl unit test suite. Not included in this pull request are two dax topic branches (dax error handling, and dax radix-tree locking). These topics were deferred to get a few more days of -next integration testing, and to coordinate a branch baseline with Ted and the ext4 tree. Vishal and Ross will send the error handling and locking topics respectively in the next few days. This branch has received a positive build result from the kbuild robot across 226 configs. Summary: - Device DAX for persistent memory: Device DAX is the device-centric analogue of Filesystem DAX (CONFIG_FS_DAX). It allows memory ranges to be allocated and mapped without need of an intervening file system. Device DAX is strict, precise and predictable. Specifically this interface: a) Guarantees fault granularity with respect to a given page size (pte, pmd, or pud) set at configuration time. b) Enforces deterministic behavior by being strict about what fault scenarios are supported. Persistent memory is the first target, but the mechanism is also targeted for exclusive allocations of performance/feature differentiated memory ranges. - Support for the HPE DSM (device specific method) command formats. This enables management of these first generation devices until a unified DSM specification materializes. - Further ACPI 6.1 compliance with support for the common dimm identifier format. - Various fixes and cleanups across the subsystem" * tag 'libnvdimm-for-4.7' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/nvdimm/nvdimm: (40 commits) libnvdimm, dax: fix deletion libnvdimm, dax: fix alignment validation libnvdimm, dax: autodetect support libnvdimm: release ida resources Revert "block: enable dax for raw block devices" /dev/dax, core: file operations and dax-mmap /dev/dax, pmem: direct access to persistent memory libnvdimm: stop requiring a driver ->remove() method libnvdimm, dax: record the specified alignment of a dax-device instance libnvdimm, dax: reserve space to store labels for device-dax libnvdimm, dax: introduce device-dax infrastructure nfit: add sysfs dimm 'family' and 'dsm_mask' attributes tools/testing/nvdimm: ND_CMD_CALL support nfit: disable vendor specific commands nfit: export subsystem ids as attributes nfit: fix format interface code byte order per ACPI6.1 nfit, libnvdimm: limited/whitelisted dimm command marshaling mechanism nfit, libnvdimm: clarify "commands" vs "_DSMs" libnvdimm: increase max envelope size for ioctl acpi/nfit: Add sysfs "id" for NVDIMM ID ...
2016-05-23perf report: Add srcline_from/to branch sort keysAndi Kleen-1/+101
Add "srcline_from" and "srcline_to" branch sort keys that allow to show the source lines of a branch. That makes it much easier to track down where particular branches happen in the program, for example to examine branch mispredictions, or to associate it with cycle counts: % perf record -b -e cycles:p ./tcall % perf report --sort srcline_from,srcline_to,mispredict ... 15.10% tcall.c:18 tcall.c:10 N 14.83% tcall.c:11 tcall.c:5 N 14.12% tcall.c:7 tcall.c:12 N 14.04% tcall.c:12 tcall.c:5 N 12.42% tcall.c:17 tcall.c:18 N 12.39% tcall.c:7 tcall.c:13 N 12.27% tcall.c:13 tcall.c:17 N ... % perf report --sort srcline_from,srcline_to,cycles ... 17.12% tcall.c:18 tcall.c:11 1 17.01% tcall.c:12 tcall.c:6 1 16.98% tcall.c:11 tcall.c:6 1 15.91% tcall.c:17 tcall.c:18 1 6.38% tcall.c:7 tcall.c:17 7 4.80% tcall.c:7 tcall.c:12 8 4.21% tcall.c:7 tcall.c:17 8 2.67% tcall.c:7 tcall.c:12 7 2.62% tcall.c:7 tcall.c:12 10 2.10% tcall.c:7 tcall.c:17 9 1.58% tcall.c:7 tcall.c:12 6 1.44% tcall.c:7 tcall.c:12 5 1.38% tcall.c:7 tcall.c:12 9 1.06% tcall.c:7 tcall.c:17 13 1.05% tcall.c:7 tcall.c:12 4 1.01% tcall.c:7 tcall.c:17 6 Open issues: - Some kernel symbols get misresolved. Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com> Acked-by: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org> Tested-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1463775308-32748-1-git-send-email-andi@firstfloor.org Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
2016-05-23ftracetest: Use proper logic to find process PIDSteven Rostedt (Red Hat)-10/+5
Half of the test in instance-event.tc was updated to use $! to find the PID of the previous background process that was launched, but the second part of the test still used the parsing of "jobs", which does not work on all shells like $! does. Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2016-05-22Merge tag 'trace-v4.7-2' of ↵Linus Torvalds-0/+143
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rostedt/linux-trace Pull motr tracing updates from Steven Rostedt: "Three more changes. - I forgot that I had another selftest to stress test the ftrace instance creation. It was actually suppose to go into the 4.6 merge window, but I never committed it. I almost forgot about it again, but noticed it was missing from your tree. - Soumya PN sent me a clean up patch to not disable interrupts when taking the tasklist_lock for read, as it's unnecessary because that lock is never taken for write in irq context. - Newer gcc's can cause the jump in the function_graph code to the global ftrace_stub label to be a short jump instead of a long one. As that jump is dynamically converted to jump to the trace code to do function graph tracing, and that conversion expects a long jump it can corrupt the ftrace_stub itself (it's directly after that call). One way to prevent gcc from using a short jump is to declare the ftrace_stub as a weak function, which we do here to keep gcc from optimizing too much" * tag 'trace-v4.7-2' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rostedt/linux-trace: ftrace/x86: Set ftrace_stub to weak to prevent gcc from using short jumps to it ftrace: Don't disable irqs when taking the tasklist_lock read_lock ftracetest: Add instance created, delete, read and enable event test
2016-05-22selftests/thuge-gen: Use platform specific MAP_HUGETLB valueHelge Deller-0/+2
Do not hardcode MAP_HUGETLB to 0x40000, since quite some architectures use a different value. Tested with a parisc architecture 64bit kernel. Signed-off-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>
2016-05-22parisc: Add ARCH_TRACEHOOK and regset supportHelge Deller-1/+7
By adding TRACEHOOK support we now get a clean user interface to access registers via PTRACE_GETREGS, PTRACE_SETREGS, PTRACE_GETFPREGS and PTRACE_SETFPREGS. The user-visible regset struct user_regs_struct and user_fp_struct are modelled similiar to x86 and can be accessed via PTRACE_GETREGSET. Signed-off-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>
2016-05-22ringtest: pass buf != NULLMichael S. Tsirkin-1/+1
just a stub pointer for now. Signed-off-by: Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@redhat.com>
2016-05-22virtio: add inorder optionMichael S. Tsirkin-2/+54
skips ring accesses but drops out of order support Signed-off-by: Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@redhat.com>
2016-05-21Merge branch 'for-4.7/dax' into libnvdimm-for-nextDan Williams-0/+11
2016-05-20Merge branch 'akpm' (patches from Andrew)Linus Torvalds-42/+487
Merge more updates from Andrew Morton: - the rest of MM - KASAN updates - procfs updates - exit, fork updates - printk updates - lib/ updates - radix-tree testsuite updates - checkpatch updates - kprobes updates - a few other misc bits * emailed patches from Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>: (162 commits) samples/kprobes: print out the symbol name for the hooks samples/kprobes: add a new module parameter kprobes: add the "tls" argument for j_do_fork init/main.c: simplify initcall_blacklisted() fs/efs/super.c: fix return value checkpatch: improve --git <commit-count> shortcut checkpatch: reduce number of `git log` calls with --git checkpatch: add support to check already applied git commits checkpatch: add --list-types to show message types to show or ignore checkpatch: advertise the --fix and --fix-inplace options more checkpatch: whine about ACCESS_ONCE checkpatch: add test for keywords not starting on tabstops checkpatch: improve CONSTANT_COMPARISON test for structure members checkpatch: add PREFER_IS_ENABLED test lib/GCD.c: use binary GCD algorithm instead of Euclidean radix-tree: free up the bottom bit of exceptional entries for reuse dax: move RADIX_DAX_ definitions to dax.c radix-tree: make radix_tree_descend() more useful radix-tree: introduce radix_tree_replace_clear_tags() radix-tree: tidy up __radix_tree_create() ...
2016-05-20Merge tag 'staging-4.7-rc1' of ↵Linus Torvalds-5/+136
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/gregkh/staging Pull staging and IIO driver updates from Greg KH: "Here's the big staging and iio driver update for 4.7-rc1. I think we almost broke even with this release, only adding a few more lines than we removed, which isn't bad overall given that there's a bunch of new iio drivers added. The Lustre developers seem to have woken up from their sleep and have been doing a great job in cleaning up the code and pruning unused or old cruft, the filesystem is almost readable :) Other than that, just a lot of basic coding style cleanups in the churn. All have been in linux-next for a while with no reported issues" * tag 'staging-4.7-rc1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/gregkh/staging: (938 commits) Staging: emxx_udc: emxx_udc: fixed coding style issue staging/gdm724x: fix "alignment should match open parenthesis" issues staging/gdm724x: Fix avoid CamelCase staging: unisys: rename misleading var ii with frag staging: unisys: visorhba: switch success handling to error handling staging: unisys: visorhba: main path needs to flow down the left margin staging: unisys: visorinput: handle_locking_key() simplifications staging: unisys: visorhba: fail gracefully for thread creation failures staging: unisys: visornic: comment restructuring and removing bad diction staging: unisys: fix format string %Lx to %llx for u64 staging: unisys: remove unused struct members staging: unisys: visorchannel: correct variable misspelling staging: unisys: visorhba: replace functionlike macro with function staging: dgnc: Need to check for NULL of ch staging: dgnc: remove redundant condition check staging: dgnc: fix 'line over 80 characters' staging: dgnc: clean up the dgnc_get_modem_info() staging: lustre: lnet: enable configuration per NI interface staging: lustre: o2iblnd: properly set ibr_why staging: lustre: o2iblnd: remove last of kiblnd_tunables_fini ...
2016-05-20/dev/dax, pmem: direct access to persistent memoryDan Williams-0/+11
Device DAX is the device-centric analogue of Filesystem DAX (CONFIG_FS_DAX). It allows memory ranges to be allocated and mapped without need of an intervening file system. Device DAX is strict, precise and predictable. Specifically this interface: 1/ Guarantees fault granularity with respect to a given page size (pte, pmd, or pud) set at configuration time. 2/ Enforces deterministic behavior by being strict about what fault scenarios are supported. For example, by forcing MADV_DONTFORK semantics and omitting MAP_PRIVATE support device-dax guarantees that a mapping always behaves/performs the same once established. It is the "what you see is what you get" access mechanism to differentiated memory vs filesystem DAX which has filesystem specific implementation semantics. Persistent memory is the first target, but the mechanism is also targeted for exclusive allocations of performance differentiated memory ranges. This commit is limited to the base device driver infrastructure to associate a dax device with pmem range. Cc: Jeff Moyer <jmoyer@redhat.com> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com> Cc: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com> Reviewed-by: Johannes Thumshirn <jthumshirn@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
2016-05-20Merge tag 'char-misc-4.7-rc1' of ↵Linus Torvalds-0/+1
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/gregkh/char-misc Pull char / misc driver updates from Greg KH: "Here's the big char and misc driver update for 4.7-rc1. Lots of different tiny driver subsystems have updates here with new drivers and functionality. Details in the shortlog. All have been in linux-next with no reported issues for a while" * tag 'char-misc-4.7-rc1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/gregkh/char-misc: (125 commits) mcb: Delete num_cells variable which is not required mcb: Fixed bar number assignment for the gdd mcb: Replace ioremap and request_region with the devm version mcb: Implement bus->dev.release callback mcb: export bus information via sysfs mcb: Correctly initialize the bus's device mei: bus: call mei_cl_read_start under device lock coresight: etb10: adjust read pointer only when needed coresight: configuring ETF in FIFO mode when acting as link coresight: tmc: implementing TMC-ETF AUX space API coresight: moving struct cs_buffers to header file coresight: tmc: keep track of memory width coresight: tmc: make sysFS and Perf mode mutually exclusive coresight: tmc: dump system memory content only when needed coresight: tmc: adding mode of operation for link/sinks coresight: tmc: getting rid of multiple read access coresight: tmc: allocating memory when needed coresight: tmc: making prepare/unprepare functions generic coresight: tmc: splitting driver in ETB/ETF and ETR components coresight: tmc: cleaning up header file ...
2016-05-20Merge tag 'usb-4.7-rc1' of ↵Linus Torvalds-286/+752
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/gregkh/usb Pull USB updates from Greg KH: "Here's the big pull request for USB and PHY drivers for 4.7-rc1 Full details in the shortlog, but it's the normal major gadget driver updates, phy updates, new usbip code, as well as a bit of lots of other stuff. All have been in linux-next with no reported issues" * tag 'usb-4.7-rc1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/gregkh/usb: (164 commits) USB: serial: ti_usb_3410_5052: add MOXA UPORT 11x0 support USB: serial: fix minor-number allocation USB: serial: quatech2: fix use-after-free in probe error path USB: serial: mxuport: fix use-after-free in probe error path USB: serial: keyspan: fix debug and error messages USB: serial: keyspan: fix URB unlink USB: serial: keyspan: fix use-after-free in probe error path USB: serial: io_edgeport: fix memory leaks in probe error path USB: serial: io_edgeport: fix memory leaks in attach error path usb: Remove unnecessary space before operator ','. usb: Remove unnecessary space before open square bracket. USB: FHCI: avoid redundant condition usb: host: xhci-rcar: Avoid long wait in xhci_reset() usb/host/fotg210: remove dead code in create_sysfs_files usb: wusbcore: Do not initialise statics to 0. usb: wusbcore: Remove space before ',' and '(' . USB: serial: cp210x: clean up CRTSCTS flag code USB: serial: cp210x: get rid of magic numbers in CRTSCTS flag code USB: serial: cp210x: fix hardware flow-control disable USB: serial: option: add even more ZTE device ids ...
2016-05-20radix-tree: tidy up next_chunkMatthew Wilcox-44/+55
Convert radix_tree_next_chunk to use 'child' instead of 'slot' as the name of the child node. Also use node_maxindex() where it makes sense. The 'rnode' variable was unnecessary; it doesn't overlap in usage with 'node', so we can just use 'node' the whole way through the function. Improve the testcase to start the walk from every index in the carefully constructed tree, and to accept any index within the range covered by the entry. Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@linux.intel.com> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <koct9i@gmail.com> Cc: Kirill Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.com> Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de> Cc: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2016-05-20radix-tree: rename radix_tree_is_indirect_ptr()Matthew Wilcox-2/+2
As with indirect_to_ptr(), ptr_to_indirect() and RADIX_TREE_INDIRECT_PTR, change radix_tree_is_indirect_ptr() to radix_tree_is_internal_node(). Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@linux.intel.com> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <koct9i@gmail.com> Cc: Kirill Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.com> Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de> Cc: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2016-05-20radix-tree: rename indirect_to_ptr() to entry_to_node()Matthew Wilcox-3/+2
Mirrors the earlier commit introducing node_to_entry(). Also change the type returned to be a struct radix_tree_node pointer. That lets us simplify a couple of places in the radix tree shrink & extend paths where we could convert an entry into a pointer, modify the node, then convert the pointer back into an entry. Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@linux.intel.com> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <koct9i@gmail.com> Cc: Kirill Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.com> Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de> Cc: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2016-05-20radix tree test suite: remove dependencies on heightMatthew Wilcox-12/+25
verify_node() can use node->shift instead of the height. tree_verify_min_height() can be converted over to using node_maxindex() and shift_maxindex() instead of radix_tree_maxindex(). Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@linux.intel.com> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <koct9i@gmail.com> Cc: Kirill Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.com> Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de> Cc: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2016-05-20radix-tree: fix radix_tree_dump() for multi-order entriesRoss Zwisler-0/+1
- Print which indices are covered by every leaf entry - Print sibling entries - Print the node pointer instead of the slot entry - Build by default in userspace, and make it accessible to the test-suite Signed-off-by: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@linux.intel.com> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <koct9i@gmail.com> Cc: Kirill Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.com> Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2016-05-20radix-tree: fix radix_tree_range_tag_if_tagged() for multiorder entriesMatthew Wilcox-1/+34
I had previously decided that tagging a single multiorder entry would count as tagging 2^order entries for the purposes of 'nr_to_tag'. I now believe that decision to be a mistake, and it should count as a single entry. That's more likely to be what callers expect. When walking back up the tree from a newly-tagged entry, the current code assumed we were starting from the lowest level of the tree; if we have a multiorder entry with an order at least RADIX_TREE_MAP_SHIFT in size then we need to shift the index by 'shift' before we start walking back up the tree, or we will end up not setting tags on higher entries, and then mistakenly thinking that entries below a certain point in the tree are not tagged. If the first index we examine is a sibling entry of a tagged multiorder entry, we were not tagging it. We need to examine the canonical entry, and the easiest way to do that is to use radix_tree_descend(). We then have to skip over sibling slots when looking for the next entry in the tree or we will end up walking back to the canonical entry. Add several tests for radix_tree_range_tag_if_tagged(). Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@linux.intel.com> Reviewed-by: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <koct9i@gmail.com> Cc: Kirill Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.com> Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2016-05-20radix-tree: add test for radix_tree_locate_item()Ross Zwisler-1/+15
Add a unit test that provides coverage for the bug fixed in the commit entitled "radix-tree: rewrite radix_tree_locate_item fix" from Hugh Dickins. I've verified that this test fails before his patch due to miscalculated 'index' values in __locate() in lib/radix-tree.c, and passes with his fix. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1462307263-20623-1-git-send-email-ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com Signed-off-by: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2016-05-20radix-tree: rewrite radix_tree_locate_itemMatthew Wilcox-12/+18
Use the new multi-order support functions to rewrite radix_tree_locate_item(). Modify the locate tests to test multiorder entries too. [hughd@google.com: radix_tree_locate_item() is often returning the wrong index] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/alpine.LSU.2.11.1605012108490.1166@eggly.anvils Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@linux.intel.com> Reviewed-by: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <koct9i@gmail.com> Cc: Kirill Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.com> Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2016-05-20radix-tree: fix radix_tree_create for sibling entriesMatthew Wilcox-0/+5
If the radix tree user attempted to insert a colliding entry with an existing multiorder entry, then radix_tree_create() could encounter a sibling entry when walking down the tree to look for a slot. Use radix_tree_descend() to fix the problem, and add a test-case to make sure the problem doesn't come back in future. Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@linux.intel.com> Reviewed-by: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <koct9i@gmail.com> Cc: Kirill Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.com> Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2016-05-20radix-tree test suite: add multi-order tag testRoss Zwisler-0/+97
Add a generic test for multi-order tag verification, and call it using several different configurations. This test creates a multi-order radix tree using the given index and order, and then sets, checks and clears tags using the indices covered by the single multi-order radix tree entry. With the various calls done by this test we verify root multi-order entries without siblings, multi-order entries without siblings in a radix tree node, as well as multi-order entries with siblings of various sizes. Signed-off-by: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@linux.intel.com> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <koct9i@gmail.com> Cc: Kirill Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.com> Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2016-05-20radix tree test suite: multi-order iteration testRoss Zwisler-0/+92
Add a unit test to verify that we can iterate over multi-order entries properly via a radix_tree_for_each_slot() loop. This was done with a single, somewhat complicated configuration that was meant to test many of the various corner cases having to do with multi-order entries: - An iteration could begin at a sibling entry, and we need to return the canonical entry. - We could have entries of various orders in the same slots[] array. - We could have multi-order entries at a nonzero height, followed by indirect pointers to more radix tree nodes later in that same slots[] array. Signed-off-by: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@linux.intel.com> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <koct9i@gmail.com> Cc: Kirill Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.com> Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2016-05-20radix-tree: add support for multi-order iteratingRoss Zwisler-4/+4
This enables the macros radix_tree_for_each_slot() and friends to be used with multi-order entries. The way that this works is that we treat all entries in a given slots[] array as a single chunk. If the index given to radix_tree_next_chunk() happens to point us to a sibling entry, we will back up iter->index so that it points to the canonical entry, and that will be the place where we start our iteration. As we're processing a chunk in radix_tree_next_slot(), we process canonical entries, skip over sibling entries, and restart the chunk lookup if we find a non-sibling indirect pointer. This drops back to the radix_tree_next_chunk() code, which will re-walk the tree and look for another chunk. This allows us to properly handle multi-order entries mixed with other entries that are at various heights in the radix tree. Signed-off-by: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@linux.intel.com> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <koct9i@gmail.com> Cc: Kirill Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.com> Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2016-05-20radix-tree: fix multiorder BUG_ON in radix_tree_insertMatthew Wilcox-0/+12
These BUG_ON tests are to ensure that all the tags are clear when inserting a new entry. If we insert a multiorder entry, we'll end up looking at the tags for a different node, and so the BUG_ON can end up triggering spuriously. Also, we now have three tags, not two, so check all three are clear, and check all the root tags with a single call to BUG_ON since the bits are stored contiguously. Include a test-case to ensure this problem does not reoccur. Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@linux.intel.com> Reviewed-by: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <koct9i@gmail.com> Cc: Kirill Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.com> Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2016-05-20radix-tree: fix several shrinking bugs with multiorder entriesMatthew Wilcox-0/+39
Setting the indirect bit on the user data entry used to be unambiguous because the tree walking code knew not to expect internal nodes in the last level of the tree. Multiorder entries can appear at any level of the tree, and a leaf with the indirect bit set is indistinguishable from a pointer to a node. Introduce a special entry (RADIX_TREE_RETRY) which is neither a valid user entry, nor a valid pointer to a node. The radix_tree_deref_retry() function continues to work the same way, but tree walking code can distinguish it from a pointer to a node. Also fix the condition for setting slot->parent to NULL; it does not matter what height the tree is, it only matters whether slot is an indirect pointer. Move this code above the comment which is referring to the assignment to root->rnode. Also fix the condition for preventing the tree from shrinking to a single entry if it's a multiorder entry. Add a test-case to the test suite that checks that the tree goes back down to its original height after an item is inserted & deleted from a higher index in the tree. Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@linux.intel.com> Reviewed-by: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <koct9i@gmail.com> Cc: Kirill Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.com> Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2016-05-20radix tree test suite: start adding multiorder testsMatthew Wilcox-5/+76
Test suite infrastructure for working with multiorder entries. The test itself is pretty basic: Add an entry, check that all expected indices return that entry and that indices around that entry don't return an entry. Then delete the entry and check no index returns that entry. Tests a few edge conditions including the multiorder entry at index 0 and at a higher index. Also tests deleting through an alias as well as through the canonical index. Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@linux.intel.com> Reviewed-by: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <koct9i@gmail.com> Cc: Kirill Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.com> Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2016-05-20raxix-tree: introduce CONFIG_RADIX_TREE_MULTIORDERMatthew Wilcox-0/+1
I've been receiving increasingly concerned notes from 0day about how much my recent changes have been bloating the radix tree. Make it happier by only including multiorder support if CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGES is set. This is an independent Kconfig option, so other radix tree users can also set it if they have a need. Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@linux.intel.com> Reviewed-by: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <koct9i@gmail.com> Cc: Kirill Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.com> Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2016-05-20radix tree test suite: rebuild when headers changeRoss Zwisler-1/+1
When we make changes to radix-tree.h in the regular kernel source (include/linux/radix-tree.h), we really want our test code to be rebuilt. We also include a few other headers from tools/include and probably want to rebuild if these have been changed. Update the makefile so that all of our objects will be rebuilt when any of the headers we depend on are changed. Signed-off-by: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@linux.intel.com> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <koct9i@gmail.com> Cc: Kirill Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.com> Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>