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path: root/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_sane.c
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/* SANE connection tracking helper
 * (SANE = Scanner Access Now Easy)
 * For documentation about the SANE network protocol see
 * http://www.sane-project.org/html/doc015.html
 */

/* Copyright (C) 2007 Red Hat, Inc.
 * Author: Michal Schmidt <mschmidt@redhat.com>
 * Based on the FTP conntrack helper (net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_ftp.c):
 *  (C) 1999-2001 Paul `Rusty' Russell
 *  (C) 2002-2004 Netfilter Core Team <coreteam@netfilter.org>
 *  (C) 2003,2004 USAGI/WIDE Project <http://www.linux-ipv6.org>
 *  (C) 2003 Yasuyuki Kozakai @USAGI <yasuyuki.kozakai@toshiba.co.jp>
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 */

#define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt

#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
#include <linux/netfilter.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/in.h>
#include <linux/tcp.h>
#include <net/netfilter/nf_conntrack.h>
#include <net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_helper.h>
#include <net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_expect.h>
#include <linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_sane.h>

MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
MODULE_AUTHOR("Michal Schmidt <mschmidt@redhat.com>");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("SANE connection tracking helper");
MODULE_ALIAS_NFCT_HELPER("sane");

static char *sane_buffer;

static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(nf_sane_lock);

#define MAX_PORTS 8
static u_int16_t ports[MAX_PORTS];
static unsigned int ports_c;
module_param_array(ports, ushort, &ports_c, 0400);

struct sane_request {
	__be32 RPC_code;
#define SANE_NET_START      7   /* RPC code */

	__be32 handle;
};

struct sane_reply_net_start {
	__be32 status;
#define SANE_STATUS_SUCCESS 0

	__be16 zero;
	__be16 port;
	/* other fields aren't interesting for conntrack */
};

static int help(struct sk_buff *skb,
		unsigned int protoff,
		struct nf_conn *ct,
		enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo)
{
	unsigned int dataoff, datalen;
	const struct tcphdr *th;
	struct tcphdr _tcph;
	void *sb_ptr;
	int ret = NF_ACCEPT;
	int dir = CTINFO2DIR(ctinfo);
	struct nf_ct_sane_master *ct_sane_info = nfct_help_data(ct);
	struct nf_conntrack_expect *exp;
	struct nf_conntrack_tuple *tuple;
	struct sane_request *req;
	struct sane_reply_net_start *reply;

	/* Until there's been traffic both ways, don't look in packets. */
	if (ctinfo != IP_CT_ESTABLISHED &&
	    ctinfo != IP_CT_ESTABLISHED_REPLY)
		return NF_ACCEPT;

	/* Not a full tcp header? */
	th = skb_header_pointer(skb, protoff, sizeof(_tcph), &_tcph);
	if (th == NULL)
		return NF_ACCEPT;

	/* No data? */
	dataoff = protoff + th->doff * 4;
	if (dataoff >= skb->len)
		return NF_ACCEPT;

	datalen = skb->len - dataoff;

	spin_lock_bh(&nf_sane_lock);
	sb_ptr = skb_header_pointer(skb, dataoff, datalen, sane_buffer);
	BUG_ON(sb_ptr == NULL);

	if (dir == IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL) {
		if (datalen != sizeof(struct sane_request))
			goto out;

		req = sb_ptr;
		if (req->RPC_code != htonl(SANE_NET_START)) {
			/* Not an interesting command */
			ct_sane_info->state = SANE_STATE_NORMAL;
			goto out;
		}

		/* We're interested in the next reply */
		ct_sane_info->state = SANE_STATE_START_REQUESTED;
		goto out;
	}

	/* Is it a reply to an uninteresting command? */
	if (ct_sane_info->state != SANE_STATE_START_REQUESTED)
		goto out;

	/* It's a reply to SANE_NET_START. */
	ct_sane_info->state = SANE_STATE_NORMAL;

	if (datalen < sizeof(struct sane_reply_net_start)) {
		pr_debug("NET_START reply too short\n");
		goto out;
	}

	reply = sb_ptr;
	if (reply->status != htonl(SANE_STATUS_SUCCESS)) {
		/* saned refused the command */
		pr_debug("unsuccessful SANE_STATUS = %u\n",
			 ntohl(reply->status));
		goto out;
	}

	/* Invalid saned reply? Ignore it. */
	if (reply->zero != 0)
		goto out;

	exp = nf_ct_expect_alloc(ct);
	if (exp == NULL) {
		nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot alloc expectation");
		ret = NF_DROP;
		goto out;
	}

	tuple = &ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL].tuple;
	nf_ct_expect_init(exp, NF_CT_EXPECT_CLASS_DEFAULT, nf_ct_l3num(ct),
			  &tuple->src.u3, &tuple->dst.u3,
			  IPPROTO_TCP, NULL, &reply->port);

	pr_debug("expect: ");
	nf_ct_dump_tuple(&exp->tuple);

	/* Can't expect this?  Best to drop packet now. */
	if (nf_ct_expect_related(exp) != 0) {
		nf_ct_helper_log(skb, ct, "cannot add expectation");
		ret = NF_DROP;
	}

	nf_ct_expect_put(exp);

out:
	spin_unlock_bh(&nf_sane_lock);
	return ret;
}

static struct nf_conntrack_helper sane[MAX_PORTS * 2] __read_mostly;

static const struct nf_conntrack_expect_policy sane_exp_policy = {
	.max_expected	= 1,
	.timeout	= 5 * 60,
};

/* don't make this __exit, since it's called from __init ! */
static void nf_conntrack_sane_fini(void)
{
	nf_conntrack_helpers_unregister(sane, ports_c * 2);
	kfree(sane_buffer);
}

static int __init nf_conntrack_sane_init(void)
{
	int i, ret = 0;

	NF_CT_HELPER_BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(struct nf_ct_sane_master));

	sane_buffer = kmalloc(65536, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!sane_buffer)
		return -ENOMEM;

	if (ports_c == 0)
		ports[ports_c++] = SANE_PORT;

	/* FIXME should be configurable whether IPv4 and IPv6 connections
		 are tracked or not - YK */
	for (i = 0; i < ports_c; i++) {
		nf_ct_helper_init(&sane[2 * i], AF_INET, IPPROTO_TCP, "sane",
				  SANE_PORT, ports[i], ports[i],
				  &sane_exp_policy, 0, help, NULL,
				  THIS_MODULE);
		nf_ct_helper_init(&sane[2 * i + 1], AF_INET6, IPPROTO_TCP, "sane",
				  SANE_PORT, ports[i], ports[i],
				  &sane_exp_policy, 0, help, NULL,
				  THIS_MODULE);
	}

	ret = nf_conntrack_helpers_register(sane, ports_c * 2);
	if (ret < 0) {
		pr_err("failed to register helpers\n");
		kfree(sane_buffer);
		return ret;
	}

	return 0;
}

module_init(nf_conntrack_sane_init);
module_exit(nf_conntrack_sane_fini);