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dtv_copy, canary2, and canary_at_end existed solely to match multiple
ABI and asm-accessed layouts simultaneously. now that pthread_arch.h
can be included before struct __pthread is defined, the struct layout
can depend on macros defined by pthread_arch.h.
the adjustment made is entirely a function of TLS_ABOVE_TP and
TP_OFFSET. aside from avoiding repetition of the TP_OFFSET value and
arithmetic, this change makes pthread_arch.h independent of the
definition of struct __pthread from pthread_impl.h. this in turn will
allow inclusion of pthread_arch.h to be moved to the top of
pthread_impl.h so that it can influence the definition of the
previously, arch files were very inconsistent about the type used for
the thread pointer. this change unifies the new __get_tp interface to
always use uintptr_t, which is the most correct when performing
arithmetic that may involve addresses outside the actual pointed-to
object (due to TP_OFFSET).
the only part of TP_ADJ that was not uniquely determined by
TLS_ABOVE_TP was the 0x7000 adjustment used mainly on mips and powerpc
this will allow the compiler to cache and reuse the result, meaning we
no longer have to take care not to load it more than once for the sake
of archs where the load may be expensive.
depends on commit 1c84c99913bf1cd47b866ed31e665848a0da84a2 for
correctness, since otherwise the compiler could hoist loads during
stage 3 of dynamic linking before the initial thread-pointer setup.
x32 has another gratuitous difference to all other archs:
it passes an array of 64bit values to __tls_get_addr().
usually it is an array of size_t.
using the actual mcontext_t definition rather than an overlaid pointer
array both improves correctness/readability and eliminates some ugly
hacks for archs with 64-bit registers bit 32-bit program counter.
also fix UB due to comparison of pointers not in a common array
i386, x86_64, x32, and powerpc all use TLS for stack protector canary
values in the default stack protector ABI, but the location only
matched the ABI on i386 and x86_64. on x32, the expected location for
the canary contained the tid, thus producing spurious mismatches
(resulting in process termination) upon fork. on powerpc, the expected
location contained the stdio_locks list head, so returning from a
function after calling flockfile produced spurious mismatches. in both
cases, the random canary was not present, and a predictable value was
used instead, making the stack protector hardening much less effective
than it should be.
in the current fix, the thread structure has been expanded to have
canary fields at all three possible locations, and archs that use a
non-default location must define a macro in pthread_arch.h to choose
which location is used. for most archs (which lack TLS canary ABI) the
choice does not matter.