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linux, gcc, etc. all use "sh" as the name for the superh arch. there
was already some inconsistency internally in musl: the dynamic linker
was searching for "ld-musl-sh.path" as its path file despite its own
name being "ld-musl-superh.so.1". there was some sentiment in both
directions as to how to resolve the inconsistency, but overall "sh"
Userspace emulated floating-point (gcc -msoft-float) is not compatible
with the default mips abi (assumes an FPU or in kernel emulation of it).
Soft vs hard float abi should not be mixed, __mips_soft_float is checked
in musl's configure script and there is no runtime check. The -sf subarch
does not save/restore floating-point registers in setjmp/longjmp and only
provides dummy fenv implementation.
the reordering of headers caused some risc archs to not see
the __syscall declaration anymore.
this caused build errors on mips with any compiler,
and on arm and microblaze with clang.
we now declare it locally just like the powerpc port does.
previously it was wrongly using the x86_64 one, precluding having both
x32 and x86_64 libs present on the same system.
it's legal to call the __syscall functions with more arguments than
necessary, and the __syscall_cp cancel dummy impl. does just that.
thus we must insert the switch for all possible syscalls numbers
into all of the syscallN inline functions.
- the nanosleep fixup "fixed" the second timespec* argument erroneusly.
- the futex fixup was missing the check for FUTEX_WAIT.
- general cleanup using a macro.
aside from general cleanup, this should allow the identical atomic.h
file to be used for the upcoming x32 port.
the operand size is unnecessary, since the assembler knows it from the
destination register size. removing the suffix makes it so the same
code should work for x32.
otherwise it's unclear that it's correct. aside from that, it makes
for a gratuitous difference between the x86_64 header and the upcoming
the fix should be complete on archs that use the generic definitions
(i386, arm, x86_64, microblaze), but mips and powerpc have not been
checked thoroughly and may need more fixes.
based on patch by Richard Pennington, who initially reported the
definition in linux:
#define O_TMPFILE (__O_TMPFILE | O_DIRECTORY)
where __O_TMPFILE and O_DIRECTORY are arch specific
previously these macros wrongly had type double rather than long
double. I see no way an application could detect the error in C99, but
C11's _Generic can trivially detect it.
at the same time, even though these archs do not have excess
precision, the number of decimal places used to represent these
constants has been increased to 21 to be consistent with the decimal
representations used for the DBL_* macros.
somehow the range 335-339 was missed when updating the file.
atomic store was lacking a barrier, which was fine for legacy arm with
no real smp and kernel-emulated cas, but unsuitable for more modern
systems. the kernel provides another "kuser" function, at 0xffff0fa0,
which could be used for the barrier, but using that would drop support
for kernels 2.6.12 through 2.6.14 unless an extra conditional were
added to check for barrier availability. just using the barrier in the
kernel cas is easier, and, based on my reading of the assembly code in
the kernel, does not appear to be significantly slower.
at the same time, other atomic operations are adapted to call the
kernel cas function directly rather than using a_cas; due to small
differences in their interface contracts, this makes the generated
code much simpler.
PAGE_SIZE was hardcoded to 4096, which is historically what most
systems use, but on several archs it is a kernel config parameter,
user space can only know it at execution time from the aux vector.
PAGE_SIZE and PAGESIZE are not defined on archs where page size is
a runtime parameter, applications should use sysconf(_SC_PAGE_SIZE)
to query it. Internally libc code defines PAGE_SIZE to libc.page_size,
which is set to aux[AT_PAGESZ] in __init_libc and early in __dynlink
as well. (Note that libc.page_size can be accessed without GOT, ie.
before relocations are done)
Some fpathconf settings are hardcoded to 4096, these should be actually
queried from the filesystem using statfs.
msg.h was wrong for big-endian (wrong endiannness padding).
shm.h was just plain wrong (mips is not supposed to have padding).
both changes were tested using libc-test on qemu-system-mips.
in the previous commit sse fenv support was added, but there is no
need to save mxcsr (sse fenv register) so fix the abi incompatibility
it turns out that __SOFTFP__ does not indicate the ABI in use but
rather that fpu instructions are not to be used at all. this is
specified in ARM's documentation so I'm unclear on how I previously
got the wrong idea. unfortunately, this resulted in the 0.9.12 release
producing a dynamic linker with the wrong name. fortunately, there do
not yet seem to be any public toolchain builds using the wrong name.
the __ARM_PCS_VFP macro does not seem to be official from ARM, and in
fact it was missing from the very earliest gcc versions (around 4.5.x)
that added -mfloat-abi=hard. it would be possible on such versions to
perform some ugly linker-based tests instead in hopes that the linker
will reject ABI-mismatching object files, if there is demand for
supporting such versions. I would probably prefer to document which
versions are broken and warn users to manually add -D__ARM_PCS_VFP if
using such a version.
there's definitely an argument to be made that the fenv macros should
be exposed even in -mfloat-abi=softfp mode. for now, I have chosen not
to expose them in this case, since the math library will not
necessarily have the capability to raise exceptions (it depends on the
CFLAGS used to compile it), and since exceptions are officially
excluded from the ARM EABI, which the plain "arm" arch aims to
patch by nsz. I've tested it on an armhf machine and it seems to be
without these, calls may be resolved incorrectly if the calling code
has been compiled to thumb instead of arm. it's not clear to me at
this point whether crt_arch.h is even working if crt1.c is built as
thumb; this needs testing. but the _init and _fini issues were known
to cause crashes in static-linked apps when libc was built as thumb,
and this commit should fix that issue.
this is needed for recently committed sigaction code
a mips signal mask contains 128 bits, enough for signals 1 through
128. however, the exit status obtained from the wait-family functions
only has room for values up to 127. reportedly signal 128 was causing
kernelspace bugs, so it was removed from the kernel recently; even
without that issue, however, it was impossible to support it correctly
at the same time, the bug was masked on musl by SIGRTMAX incorrectly
yielding 64 on mips, rather than the "correct" value of 128. now that
the _NSIG issue is fixed, SIGRTMAX can be fixed at the same time,
exposing the full range of signals for application use.
note that the (nonstandardized) libc _NSIG value is actually one
greater than the max signal number, and also one greater than the
kernel headers' idea of _NSIG. this is the reason for the discrepency
with the recent kernel changes. since reducing _NSIG by one brought it
down from 129 to 128, rather than from 128 to 127, _NSIG/8, used
widely in the musl sources, is unchanged.
the only immediate effect of this commit is enabling PIE support on
some archs that did not previously have any Scrt1.s, since the
existing asm files for crt1 override this C code. so some of the
crt_arch.h files committed are only there for the sake of documenting
what their archs "would do" if they used the new C-based crt1.
the expectation is that new archs should use this new system rather
than using heavy asm for crt1. aside from being easier and less
error-prone, it also ensures that PIE support is available immediately
(since Scrt1.o is generated from the same C source, using -fPIC)
rather than having to be added as an afterthought in the porting
this is necessary to meet the C++ ABI target. alternatives were
considered to avoid the size increase for non-sig jmp_buf objects, but
they seemed to have worse properties. moreover, the relative size
increase is only extreme on x86[_64]; one way of interpreting this is
that, if the size increase from this patch makes jmp_buf use too much
memory, then the program was already using too much memory when built
for non-x86 archs.
i386 was done with the big commit but I missed the others
rather than moving nlink_t back to the arch-specific file, I've added
a macro _Reg defined to the canonical type for register-size values on
the arch. this is not the same as _Addr for (not-yet-supported)
32-on-64 pseudo-archs like x32 and mips n32, so a new macro was
since the old, poorly-thought-out musl approach to init/fini arrays on
ARM (when it was the only arch that needed them) was to put the code
in crti/crtn and have the legacy _init/_fini code run the arrays,
adding proper init/fini array support caused the arrays to get
processed twice on ARM. I'm not sure skipping legacy init/fini
processing is the best solution to the problem, but it works, and it
shouldn't break anything since the legacy init/fini system was never
used for ARM EABI.
aside from the obvious C++ ABI purpose for this change, it also brings
musl into alignment with the compiler's idea of the definition of
wint_t (use in -Wformat), and makes the situation less awkward on ARM,
where wchar_t is unsigned.
internal code using wint_t and WEOF was checked against this change,
and while a few cases of storing WEOF into wchar_t were found, they
all seem to operate properly with the natural conversion from unsigned
the arch-specific bits/alltypes.h.sh has been replaced with a generic
alltypes.h.in and minimal arch-specific bits/alltypes.h.in.
this commit is intended to have no functional changes except:
- exposing additional symbols that POSIX allows but does not require
- changing the C++ name mangling for some types
- fixing the signedness of blksize_t on powerpc (POSIX requires signed)
- fixing the limit macros for sig_atomic_t on x86_64
- making dev_t an unsigned type (ABI matching goal, and more logical)
in addition, some types that were wrongly defined with long on 32-bit
archs were changed to int, and vice versa; this change is
non-functional except for the possibility of making pointer types
mismatch, and only affects programs that were using them incorrectly,
and only at build-time, not runtime.
the following changes were made in the interest of moving
non-arch-specific types out of the alltypes system and into the
headers they're associated with, and also will tend to improve
- netdb.h now includes netinet/in.h (for socklen_t and uint32_t)
- netinet/in.h now includes sys/socket.h and inttypes.h
- sys/resource.h now includes sys/time.h (for struct timeval)
- sys/wait.h now includes signal.h (for siginfo_t)
- langinfo.h now includes nl_types.h (for nl_item)
for the types in stdint.h:
- types which are of no interest to other headers were moved out of
the alltypes system.
- fast types for 8- and 64-bit are hard-coded (at least for now); only
the 16- and 32-bit ones have reason to vary by arch.
and the following types have been changed for C++ ABI purposes;
- mbstate_t now has a struct tag, __mbstate_t
- FILE's struct tag has been changed to _IO_FILE
- DIR's struct tag has been changed to __dirstream
- locale_t's struct tag has been changed to __locale_struct
- pthread_t is defined as unsigned long in C++ mode only
- fpos_t now has a struct tag, _G_fpos64_t
- fsid_t's struct tag has been changed to __fsid_t
- idtype_t has been made an enum type (also required by POSIX)
- nl_catd has been changed from long to void *
- siginfo_t's struct tag has been removed
- sigset_t's has been given a struct tag, __sigset_t
- stack_t has been given a struct tag, sigaltstack
- suseconds_t has been changed to long on 32-bit archs
- [u]intptr_t have been changed from long to int rank on 32-bit archs
- dev_t has been made unsigned
summary of tests that have been performed against these changes:
- nsz's libc-test (diff -u before and after)
- C++ ABI check symbol dump (diff -u before, after, glibc)
- grepped for __NEED, made sure types needed are still in alltypes
- built gcc 3.4.6
this change is both to fix one of the remaining type (and thus C++
ABI) mismatches with glibc/LSB and to allow use of the full range of
uid and gid values, if so desired.
passwd/group access functions were not prepared to deal with unsigned
values, so they too have been fixed with this commit.
prior to this change, using a non-default syslibdir was impractical on
systems where the ordinary library paths contain musl-incompatible
library files. the file containing search paths was always taken from
/etc, which would either correspond to a system-wide musl
installation, or fail to exist at all, resulting in searching of the
default library path.
the new search strategy is safe even for suid programs because the
pathname used comes from the PT_INTERP header of the program being
run, rather than any external input.
as part of this change, I have also begun differentiating the names of
arch variants that differ by endianness or floating point calling
convention. the corresponding changes in the build system and and gcc
wrapper script (to use an alternate dynamic linker name) for these
configurations have not yet been made.
patch by Luka Perkov, who noted that all other archs have a newline.
patch by Timo Teräs
despite declaring functions that take arguments of type va_list, these
headers are not permitted by the c standard to expose the definition
of va_list, so an alias for the type must be used. the name
__isoc_va_list was chosen to convey that the purpose of this alternate
name is for iso c conformance, and to avoid the multitude of names
which gcc mangles with its hideous "fixincludes" monstrosity, leading
to serious header breakage if these "fixes" are run.
following glibc use the lowest rank 64bit integer type for ino_t etc.
this is eg. useful for printf format compatibility
previously we were using an unsigned type on 32-bit systems so that
subtraction would be well-defined when it wrapped, but since wrapping
is non-conforming anyway (when clock() overflows, it has to return -1)
the only use of unsigned would be to buy a little bit more time before
overflow. this does not seem worth having the type vary per-arch
(which leads to more arch-specific bugs) or disagree with the ABI musl
there was some question as to how many decimal places to use, since
one decimal place is always sufficient to identify the smallest
denormal uniquely. for now, I'm following the example in the C
standard which is consistent with the other min/max macros we already
had in place.