replacement is subject to conditions on the replacement functions.
they may only call functions which are async-signal-safe, as specified
either by POSIX or as an implementation-defined extension. if any
allocator functions are replaced, at least malloc, realloc, and free
must be provided. if calloc is not provided, it will behave as
malloc+memset. any of the memalign-family functions not provided will
fail with ENOMEM.
in order to implement the above properties, calloc and __memalign
check that they are using their own malloc or free, respectively.
choice to check malloc or free is based on considerations of
supporting __simple_malloc. in order to make this work, calloc is
split into separate versions for __simple_malloc and full malloc;
commit ba819787ee93ceae94efd274f7849e317c1bff58 already did most of
the split anyway, and completing it saves an extra call frame.
previously, use of -Bsymbolic-functions made dynamic interposition
impossible. now, we are using an explicit dynamic-list, so add
allocator functions to the list. most are not referenced anyway, but
all are added for completeness.
we have always bound symbols at libc.so link time rather than runtime
to minimize startup-time relocations and overhead of calls through the
PLT, and possibly also to preclude interposition that would not work
correctly anyway if allowed. historically, binding at link-time was
also necessary for the dynamic linker to work, but the dynamic linker
bootstrap overhaul in commit f3ddd173806fd5c60b3f034528ca24542aecc5b9
made it unnecessary.
our use of -Bsymbolic-functions, rather than -Bsymbolic, was chosen
because the latter is incompatible with public global data; it makes
it incompatible with copy relocations in the main program. however,
not all global data needs to be public. by using --dynamic-list
instead with an explicit list, we can reduce the number of symbolic
relocations left for runtime.
this change will also allow us to permit interposition of specific
functions (e.g. the allocator) if/when we want to, by adding them to
the dynamic list.