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the specfile for the wrapper was written assuming output is pie only
if -pie appears on the command line. recent (and older patched)
versions of gcc can be configured to produce pie output by default,
adn when used with such a toolchain, the wrapper linked the wrong
startfiles (crt*) containing pic-incompatible code.
rather than trying to figure out gcc's default, simply always use the
pic-compatible start files.
a register used as an index in the memory destination of a mov
instruction was wrongly interpreted as the destination of the mov.
binary ops like ADD, AND, etc. modify the 2nd operand, not 1st.
fdiv and fmul instructions were wrongly matched by the rules for
integer div and mul instructions, leading to incorrect conclusions
about register values being clobbered.
There is a lot which could be common between i386 and x86_64, but none
of it will be useful for any other arch. These should be useful for
all archs, however.
Some functions implemented in asm need to use EBP for purposes other
than acting as a frame pointer. (Notably, it is used for the 6th
argument to syscalls with 6 arguments.) Without frame pointers, GDB
can only show backtraces if it gets CFI information from a
.debug_frame or .eh_frame ELF section.
Rather than littering our asm with ugly .cfi directives, use an awk
script to insert them in the right places during the build process, so
GDB can keep track of where the current stack frame is relative to the
stack pointer. This means GDB can produce beautiful stack traces at
any given point when single-stepping through asm functions.
Additionally, when registers are saved on the stack and later
overwritten, emit ..cfi directives so GDB will know where they were
saved relative to the stack pointer. This way, when you look back up
the stack from within an asm function, you can still reliably print
the values of local variables in the caller.
If this awk script were to understand every possible wild and crazy
contortion that an asm programmer can do with the stack and registers,
and always emit the exact ..cfi directives needed for GDB to know what
the register values were in the preceding stack frame, it would
necessarily be as complex as a full x86 emulator. That way lies
Hence, we assume that the stack pointer will _only_ ever be adjusted
using push/pop or else add/sub with a constant. We do not attempt to
detect every possible way that a register value could be saved for
later use, just the simple and common ways.
Thanks to Szabolcs Nagy for suggesting numerous improvements to this
musl-clang allows the user to compile musl-powered programs using their
already existent clang install, without the need of a special cross compiler.
it achieves this by wrapping around both the system clang install and the
linker and passing them special flags to re-target musl at runtime.
it does only affect invocations done through the special musl-clang wrapper
script, so that the user setup remains fully intact otherwise.
the clang wrapper consists of the compiler frontend wrapper script,
musl-clang, and the linker wrapper script, ld.musl-clang.
musl-clang makes sure clang invokes ld.musl-clang to link objects; neither
script needs to be in PATH for the wrapper to work.
install.sh was wrongly waiting until after atomically replacing the
old file to set the correct permissions on the new file. in the case
of the dynamic linker, this would cause a dynamic-linked chmod command
not to run (due to missing executable permissions on the dynamic
linker) and thus leave the system in an unusable state.
even if chmod is static-linked, the old behavior had a race window
where dynamic-linked programs could fail to run.
this is still experimental and subject to change. for git checkouts,
an attempt is made to record the exact revision to aid in bug reports
and debugging. no version information is recorded in the static libc.a
or binaries it's linked into.
the historical (non-standardized) install command is really
inappropriate for installing binaries/libraries on a system that
utilizes memory-mapped executable files. rather than replacing an
existing file atomically, it overwrites the existing file. this can
cause running programs to see a partially-modified version of the
file, resulting in unpredictable behavior, or SIGBUS. a MAP_COPY mode
for mmap would get around this problem, but Linux lacks MAP_COPY.
the shell script added with this commit works around the problem by
writing temporary files and moving them into place. unlike the
historical install utility, it also support a -l option for installing
a symbolic link atomically, via the same method.
the arch-specific bits/alltypes.h.sh has been replaced with a generic
alltypes.h.in and minimal arch-specific bits/alltypes.h.in.
this commit is intended to have no functional changes except:
- exposing additional symbols that POSIX allows but does not require
- changing the C++ name mangling for some types
- fixing the signedness of blksize_t on powerpc (POSIX requires signed)
- fixing the limit macros for sig_atomic_t on x86_64
- making dev_t an unsigned type (ABI matching goal, and more logical)
in addition, some types that were wrongly defined with long on 32-bit
archs were changed to int, and vice versa; this change is
non-functional except for the possibility of making pointer types
mismatch, and only affects programs that were using them incorrectly,
and only at build-time, not runtime.
the following changes were made in the interest of moving
non-arch-specific types out of the alltypes system and into the
headers they're associated with, and also will tend to improve
- netdb.h now includes netinet/in.h (for socklen_t and uint32_t)
- netinet/in.h now includes sys/socket.h and inttypes.h
- sys/resource.h now includes sys/time.h (for struct timeval)
- sys/wait.h now includes signal.h (for siginfo_t)
- langinfo.h now includes nl_types.h (for nl_item)
for the types in stdint.h:
- types which are of no interest to other headers were moved out of
the alltypes system.
- fast types for 8- and 64-bit are hard-coded (at least for now); only
the 16- and 32-bit ones have reason to vary by arch.
and the following types have been changed for C++ ABI purposes;
- mbstate_t now has a struct tag, __mbstate_t
- FILE's struct tag has been changed to _IO_FILE
- DIR's struct tag has been changed to __dirstream
- locale_t's struct tag has been changed to __locale_struct
- pthread_t is defined as unsigned long in C++ mode only
- fpos_t now has a struct tag, _G_fpos64_t
- fsid_t's struct tag has been changed to __fsid_t
- idtype_t has been made an enum type (also required by POSIX)
- nl_catd has been changed from long to void *
- siginfo_t's struct tag has been removed
- sigset_t's has been given a struct tag, __sigset_t
- stack_t has been given a struct tag, sigaltstack
- suseconds_t has been changed to long on 32-bit archs
- [u]intptr_t have been changed from long to int rank on 32-bit archs
- dev_t has been made unsigned
summary of tests that have been performed against these changes:
- nsz's libc-test (diff -u before and after)
- C++ ABI check symbol dump (diff -u before, after, glibc)
- grepped for __NEED, made sure types needed are still in alltypes
- built gcc 3.4.6
they are intentionally listed after the libc include directory so that
the gcc float.h, etc. don't get used in place of the libc ones.
this is needed in case -lgcc is passed explicitly on the link command
line, for example if the wrapper is being used to build musl itself.
this is not tested yet, but should work to get rid of unwanted
--hash-style=gnu hacks present in some distro-patched gcc versions.
linking the wrong crt1.o resulted in textrels and thus crashing
the _concept_ of this wrapper has been tested extensively, but the
integration with the build/install system, and using a persistent
specfile rather than one generated at build-time, have not been
heavily tested and may need minor tweaks.
this approach should be a lot more robust (and easier to improve) than
writing a shell script that's responsible for trying to mimic gcc's
logic about whether it's compiling or linking, building shared libs or
executable files, etc. it's also lighter weight and should result in
mildly faster builds when using the wrapper.
while probably desirable, changing the default language variant is
outside the scope of the wrapper's responsibility.
it was previously attempting to link start files as part of shared
objects. this is definitely wrong and depending on the platform and
linker could range from just adding extraneous junk to introducing
textrels to making linking fail entirely.
the path for the dynamic linker is now configurable, and failure to
install the symlink for it will not stop the build.
this should avoid warnings about unused libs when not linking, and
might fix some other obscure issues too. i might replace this approach
with a completely different one soon though.