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the adjustment made is entirely a function of TLS_ABOVE_TP and
TP_OFFSET. aside from avoiding repetition of the TP_OFFSET value and
arithmetic, this change makes pthread_arch.h independent of the
definition of struct __pthread from pthread_impl.h. this in turn will
allow inclusion of pthread_arch.h to be moved to the top of
pthread_impl.h so that it can influence the definition of the
previously, arch files were very inconsistent about the type used for
the thread pointer. this change unifies the new __get_tp interface to
always use uintptr_t, which is the most correct when performing
arithmetic that may involve addresses outside the actual pointed-to
object (due to TP_OFFSET).
the only part of TP_ADJ that was not uniquely determined by
TLS_ABOVE_TP was the 0x7000 adjustment used mainly on mips and powerpc
this will allow the compiler to cache and reuse the result, meaning we
no longer have to take care not to load it more than once for the sake
of archs where the load may be expensive.
depends on commit 1c84c99913bf1cd47b866ed31e665848a0da84a2 for
correctness, since otherwise the compiler could hoist loads during
stage 3 of dynamic linking before the initial thread-pointer setup.
In TLS variant I the TLS is above TP (or above a fixed offset from TP)
but on some targets there is a reserved gap above TP before TLS starts.
This matters for the local-exec tls access model when the offsets of
TLS variables from the TP are hard coded by the linker into the
executable, so the libc must compute these offsets the same way as the
linker. The tls offset of the main module has to be
If there is no TLS in the main module then the gap can be ignored
since musl does not use it and the tls access models of shared
libraries are not affected.
The previous setup only worked if (tls_align & -GAP_ABOVE_TP) == 0
(i.e. TLS did not require large alignment) because the gap was
treated as a fixed offset from TP. Now the TP points at the end
of the pthread struct (which is aligned) and there is a gap above
it (which may also need alignment).
The fix required changing TP_ADJ and __pthread_self on affected
targets (aarch64, arm and sh) and in the tlsdesc asm the offset to
access the dtv changed too.
mips32r6 and mips64r6 are actually new isas at both the asm source and
opcode levels (pre-r6 code cannot run on r6) and thus need to be
treated as a new subarch. the following changes are made, some of
which yield code generation improvements for non-r6 targets too:
- add subarch logic in configure script and reloc.h files for dynamic
- suppress use of .set mips2 asm directives (used to allow mips2
atomic instructions on baseline mips1 builds; the kernel has to
emulate them on mips1) except when actually needed. they cause wrong
instruction encodings on r6, and pessimize inlining on at least some
- only hard-code sync instruction encoding on mips1.
- use "ZC" constraint instead of "m" constraint for llsc memory
operands on r6, where the ll/sc instructions no longer accept full
- only hard-code rdhwr instruction encoding with .word on targets
(pre-r2) where it may need trap-and-emulate by the kernel.
otherwise, just use the instruction mnemonic, and allow an arbitrary
destination register to be used.
using the actual mcontext_t definition rather than an overlaid pointer
array both improves correctness/readability and eliminates some ugly
hacks for archs with 64-bit registers bit 32-bit program counter.
also fix UB due to comparison of pointers not in a common array
the TLS ABI spec for mips, powerpc, and some other (presently
unsupported) RISC archs has the return value of __tls_get_addr offset
by +0x8000 and the result of DTPOFF relocations offset by -0x8000. I
had previously assumed this part of the ABI was actually just an
implementation detail, since the adjustments cancel out. however, when
the local dynamic model is used for accessing TLS that's known to be
in the same DSO, either of the following may happen:
1. the -0x8000 offset may already be applied to the argument structure
passed to __tls_get_addr at ld time, without any opportunity for
2. __tls_get_addr may be used with a zero offset argument to obtain a
base address for the module's TLS, to which the caller then applies
immediate offsets for individual objects accessed using the local
dynamic model. since the immediate offsets have the -0x8000 adjustment
applied to them, the base address they use needs to include the
it would be possible, but more complex, to store the pointers in the
dtv array with the +0x8000 offset pre-applied, to avoid the runtime
cost of adding 0x8000 on each call to __tls_get_addr. this change
could be made later if measurements show that it would help.
despite documentation that makes it sound a lot different, the only
ABI-constraint difference between TLS variants II and I seems to be
that variant II stores the initial TLS segment immediately below the
thread pointer (i.e. the thread pointer points to the end of it) and
variant I stores the initial TLS segment above the thread pointer,
requiring the thread descriptor to be stored below. the actual value
stored in the thread pointer register also tends to have per-arch
random offsets applied to it for silly micro-optimization purposes.
with these changes applied, TLS should be basically working on all
supported archs except microblaze. I'm still working on getting the
necessary information and a working toolchain that can build TLS
binaries for microblaze, but in theory, static-linked programs with
TLS and dynamic-linked programs where only the main executable uses
TLS should already work on microblaze.
alignment constraints have not yet been heavily tested, so it's
possible that this code does not always align TLS segments correctly
on archs that need TLS variant I.
clang does not presently support the "v" constraint we want to use to
get the result from $3, and trying to use register...__asm__("$3") to
do the same invokes serious compiler bugs. so for now, i'm working
around the issue with an extra temp register and putting $3 in the
clobber list instead of using it as output. when the bugs in clang are
fixed, this issue should be revisited to generate smaller/faster code
like what gcc gets.
the fields in the mcontext_t are long long (for no good reason) even
on 32-bit mips, so the offset of the instruction pointer (as a word)
varies depending on endianness.
basically, this version of the code was obtained by starting with
rdp's work from his ellcc source tree, adapting it to musl's build
system and coding style, auditing the bits headers for discrepencies
with kernel definitions or glibc/LSB ABI or large file issues, fixing
up incompatibility with the old binutils from aboriginal linux, and
adding some new special cases to deal with the oddities of sigaction
and pipe syscall interfaces on mips.
at present, minimal test programs work, but some interfaces are broken
or missing. threaded programs probably will not link.