path: root/src/internal/syscall.h
AgeCommit message (Collapse)AuthorLines
2022-04-27don't remap internal-use syscall macros to nonexistent time32 syscallsStefan O'Rear-10/+10
riscv32 and future architectures lack the _time32 variants entirely, so don't try to use their numbers. instead, reflect that they're not present.
2020-08-08prefer new socket syscalls, fallback to SYS_socketcall only if neededRich Felker-9/+23
a number of users performing seccomp filtering have requested use of the new individual syscall numbers for socket syscalls, rather than the legacy multiplexed socketcall, since the latter has the arguments all in memory where they can't participate in filter decisions. previously, some archs used the multiplexed socketcall if it was historically all that was available, while other archs used the separate syscalls. the intent was that the latter set only include archs that have "always" had separate socket syscalls, at least going back to linux 2.6.0. however, at least powerpc, powerpc64, and sh were wrongly included in this set, and thus socket operations completely failed on old kernels for these archs. with the changes made here, the separate syscalls are always preferred, but fallback code is compiled for archs that also define SYS_socketcall. two such archs, mips (plain o32) and microblaze, define SYS_socketcall despite never having needed it, so it's now undefined by their versions of syscall_arch.h to prevent inclusion of useless fallback code. some archs, where the separate syscalls were only added after the addition of SYS_accept4, lack SYS_accept. because socket calls are always made with zeros in the unused argument positions, it suffices to just use SYS_accept4 to provide a definition of SYS_accept, and this is done to make happy the macro machinery that concatenates the socket call name onto __SC_ and SYS_.
2020-02-05remove legacy time32 timer[fd] syscalls from public syscall.hRich Felker-0/+16
this extends commit 5a105f19b5aae79dd302899e634b6b18b3dcd0d6, removing timer[fd]_settime and timer[fd]_gettime. the timerfd ones are likely to have been used in software that started using them before it could rely on libc exposing functions.
2020-02-05remove further legacy time32 clock syscalls from public syscall.hRich Felker-0/+16
this extends commit 5a105f19b5aae79dd302899e634b6b18b3dcd0d6, removing clock_settime, clock_getres, clock_nanosleep, and settimeofday.
2020-01-30remove legacy clock_gettime and gettimeofday from public syscall.hRich Felker-0/+7
some nontrivial number of applications have historically performed direct syscalls for these operations rather than using the public functions. such usage is invalid now that time_t is 64-bit and these syscalls no longer match the types they are used with, and it was already harmful before (by suppressing use of vdso). since syscall() has no type safety, incorrect usage of these syscalls can't be caught at compile-time. so, without manually inspecting or running additional tools to check sources, the risk of such errors slipping through is high. this patch renames the syscalls on 32-bit archs to clock_gettime32 and gettimeofday_time32, so that applications using the original names will fail to build without being fixed. note that there are a number of other syscalls that may also be unsafe to use directly after the time64 switchover, but (1) these are the main two that seem to be in widespread use, and (2) most of the others continue to have valid usage with a null timeval/timespec argument, as the argument is an optional timeout or similar.
2019-12-17implement SO_TIMESTAMP[NS] fallback for kernels without time64 versionsRich Felker-0/+7
the definitions of SO_TIMESTAMP* changed on 32-bit archs in commit 38143339646a4ccce8afe298c34467767c899f51 to the new versions that provide 64-bit versions of timeval/timespec structure in control message payload. socket options, being state attached to the socket rather than function calls, are not trivial to implement as fallbacks on ENOSYS, and support for them was initially omitted on the assumption that the ioctl-based polling alternatives (SIOCGSTAMP*) could be used instead by applications if setsockopt fails. unfortunately, it turns out that SO_TIMESTAMP is sufficiently old and widely supported that a number of applications assume it's available and treat errors as fatal. this patch introduces emulation of SO_TIMESTAMP[NS] on pre-time64 kernels by falling back to setting the "_OLD" (time32) versions of the options if the time64 ones are not recognized, and performing translation of the SCM_TIMESTAMP[NS] control messages in recvmsg. since recvmsg does not know whether its caller is legacy time32 code or time64, it performs translation for any SCM_TIMESTAMP[NS]_OLD control messages it sees, leaving the original time32 timestamp as-is (it can't be rewritten in-place anyway, and memmove would be mildly expensive) and appending the converted time64 control message at the end of the buffer. legacy time32 callers will see the converted one as a spurious control message of unknown type; time64 callers running on pre-time64 kernels will see the original one as a spurious control message of unknown type. a time64 caller running on a kernel with native time64 support will only see the time64 version of the control message. emulation of SO_TIMESTAMPING is not included at this time since (1) applications which use it seem to be prepared for the possibility that it's not present or working, and (2) it can also be used in sendmsg control messages, in a manner that looks complex to emulate completely, and costly even when running on a time64-supporting kernel. corresponding changes in recvmmsg are not made at this time; they will be done separately.
2019-07-31ioctl: add fallback for new time64 SIOCGSTAMP[NS]Rich Felker-0/+7
without this, the SIOCGSTAMP and SIOCGSTAMPNS ioctl commands, for obtaining timestamps, would stop working on pre-5.1 kernels after time_t is switched to 64-bit and their values are changed to the new time64 versions. new code is written such that it's statically unreachable on 64-bit archs, and on existing 32-bit archs until the macro values are changed to activate 64-bit time_t.
2019-07-31get/setsockopt: add fallback for new time64 SO_RCVTIMEO/SO_SNDTIMEORich Felker-0/+7
without this, the SO_RCVTIMEO and SO_SNDTIMEO socket options would stop working on pre-5.1 kernels after time_t is switched to 64-bit and their values are changed to the new time64 versions. new code is written such that it's statically unreachable on 64-bit archs, and on existing 32-bit archs until the macro values are changed to activate 64-bit time_t.
2019-07-31make __socketcall analogous to __syscall, error-returningRich Felker-6/+6
the __socketcall and __socketcall_cp macros are remnants from a really old version of the syscall-mechanism infrastructure, and don't follow the pattern that the "__" version of the macro returns the raw negated error number rather than setting errno and returning -1. for time64 purposes, some socket syscalls will need to operate on the error value rather than returning immediately, so fix this up so they can use it.
2019-07-27internally, define plain syscalls, if missing, as their time64 variantsRich Felker-0/+83
this commit has no effect whatsoever right now, but is in preparation for a future riscv32 port and other future 32-bit archs that will be "time64-only" from the start on the kernel side. together with the previous x32 changes, this commit ensures that syscall call points that don't care about time (passing null timeouts, etc.) can continue to do so without having to special-case time64-only archs, and allows code using the time64 syscalls to uniformly test for the need to fallback with SYS_foo != SYS_foo_time64, rather than needing to check defined(SYS_foo) && SYS_foo != SYS_foo_time64.
2019-05-05allow archs to provide a 7-argument syscall if neededRich Felker-0/+1
commit 788d5e24ca19c6291cebd8d1ad5b5ed6abf42665 noted that we could add this if needed, and in fact it is needed, but not for one of the archs documented as having a 7th syscall arg register. rather, it's needed for mips (o32), where all but the first 4 arguments are passed on the stack, and the stack can accommodate a 7th.
2019-04-10remove external __syscall function and last remaining usersRich Felker-12/+1
the weak version of __syscall_cp_c was using a tail call to __syscall to avoid duplicating the 6-argument syscall code inline in small static-linked programs, but now that __syscall no longer exists, the inline expansion is no longer duplication. the syscall.h machinery suppported up to 7 syscall arguments, only via an external __syscall function, but we presently have no syscall call points that actually make use of that many, and the kernel only defines 7-argument calling conventions for arm, powerpc (32-bit), and sh. if it turns out we need them in the future, they can easily be added.
2018-09-13fix regression with compilers not incorporating C99 DR#289 resolutionRich Felker-1/+1
as originally published, the C99 syntax only allowed static index parameter declarators when a gratuitous parameter name was included. gcc 3, which some projects use for bootstrapping, is a supported C99 compiler, but does not have the fix to the standard incorporated, so edit the affected declaration to conform to the earlier buggy C99 syntax.
2018-09-12reduce spurious inclusion of libc.hRich Felker-1/+1
libc.h was intended to be a header for access to global libc state and related interfaces, but ended up included all over the place because it was the way to get the weak_alias macro. most of the inclusions removed here are places where weak_alias was needed. a few were recently introduced for hidden. some go all the way back to when libc.h defined CANCELPT_BEGIN and _END, and all (wrongly implemented) cancellation points had to include it. remaining spurious users are mostly callers of the LOCK/UNLOCK macros and files that use the LFS64 macro to define the awful *64 aliases. in a few places, new inclusion of libc.h is added because several internal headers no longer implicitly include libc.h. declarations for __lockfile and __unlockfile are moved from libc.h to stdio_impl.h so that the latter does not need libc.h. putting them in libc.h made no sense at all, since the macros in stdio_impl.h are needed to use them correctly anyway.
2018-09-12apply hidden visibility to various remaining internal interfacesRich Felker-2/+2
2018-09-12move and deduplicate declarations of __vdsosym to make it checkableRich Felker-0/+2
2018-09-12move and deduplicate declarations of __procfdname to make it checkableRich Felker-0/+2
syscall.h was chosen as the header to declare it, since its intended usage is alongside syscalls as a fallback for operations the direct syscall does not support.
2018-09-05define and use internal macros for hidden visibility, weak refsRich Felker-2/+2
this cleans up what had become widespread direct inline use of "GNU C" style attributes directly in the source, and lowers the barrier to increased use of hidden visibility, which will be useful to recovering some of the efficiency lost when the protected visibility hack was dropped in commit dc2f368e565c37728b0d620380b849c3a1ddd78f, especially on archs where the PLT ABI is costly.
2016-08-11fix pread/pwrite syscall calling convention on shRich Felker-0/+4
despite sh not generally using register-pair alignment for 64-bit syscall arguments, there are arch-specific versions of the syscall entry points for pread and pwrite which include a dummy argument for alignment before the 64-bit offset argument.
2016-01-26change the internal socketcall selection logicSzabolcs Nagy-1/+1
only use SYS_socketcall if SYSCALL_USE_SOCKETCALL is defined internally, otherwise use direct syscalls. this commit does not change the current behaviour, it is preparation for adding direct syscall numbers for i386.
2015-11-11eliminate use of SHARED macro to suppress visibility attributesRich Felker-2/+0
this is the first and simplest stage of removal of the SHARED macro, which will eventually allow libc.a and to be produced from the same object files. the original motivation for these #ifdefs which are now being removed was to allow building a static-only libc using a compiler that does not support visibility. however, SHARED was the wrong condition to test for this anyway; various assembly-language sources refer to hidden symbols and declare them with the .hidden directive, making it wrong to define the referenced symbols as non-hidden. if there is a need in the future to build libc using compilers that lack visibility, support could be moved to the build system or perhaps the __PIC__ macro could be checked instead of SHARED.
2015-04-14fix inconsistent visibility for internal syscall symbolsRich Felker-1/+1
2015-02-07remove cruft from x86_64 syscall.hSzabolcs Nagy-0/+3
x86_64 syscall.h defined some musl internal syscall names and made them public. These defines were already moved to src/internal/syscall.h (except for SYS_fadvise which is added now) so the cruft in x86_64 syscall.h is not needed.
2014-11-22unify non-inline version of syscall code across archsRich Felker-0/+10
except powerpc, which still lacks inline syscalls simply because nobody has written the code, these are all fallbacks used to work around a clang bug that probably does not exist in versions of clang that can compile musl. however, it's useful to have the generic non-inline code anyway, as it eases the task of porting to new archs: writing inline syscall code is now optional. this approach could also help support compilers which don't understand inline asm or lack support for the needed register constraints. mips could not be unified because it has special fixup code for broken layout of the kernel's struct stat.
2014-07-30add framework for mmap2 syscall unit to vary by archRich Felker-0/+4
2014-05-30fix for broken kernel side RLIM_INFINITY on mipsSzabolcs Nagy-0/+4
On 32 bit mips the kernel uses -1UL/2 to mark RLIM_INFINITY (and this is the definition in the userspace api), but since it is in the middle of the valid range of limits and limits are often compared with relational operators, various kernel side logic is broken if larger than -1UL/2 limits are used. So we truncate the limits to -1UL/2 in get/setrlimit and prlimit. Even if the kernel side logic consistently treated -1UL/2 as greater than any other limit value, there wouldn't be any clean workaround that allowed using large limits: * using -1UL/2 as RLIM_INFINITY in userspace would mean different infinity value for get/setrlimt and prlimit (where infinity is always -1ULL) and userspace logic could break easily (just like the kernel is broken now) and more special case code would be needed for mips. * translating -1UL/2 kernel side value to -1ULL in userspace would mean that -1UL/2 limit cannot be set (eg. -1UL/2+1 had to be passed to the kernel instead).
2014-05-30break down coarse-grained 64-bit-off_t syscall remappingsRich Felker-4/+16
using the existence of SYS_stat64 as the condition for remapping other related syscalls is no longer valid, since new archs that omit the old syscalls will not have SYS_stat or SYS_stat64, but still potentially need SYS_fstat and others remapped. it would probably be possible to get by with just one or two extra conditionals, but just breaking them all down into separate conditions is robust and not significantly heavier for the preprocessor.
2014-05-30fix sendfile syscall to use 64-bit off_tRich Felker-0/+5
somehow the remapping of this syscall to the 64-bit version was overlooked. the issue was found, and patch provided, by Stefan Kristiansson. presumably the reason this bug was not caught earlier is that the syscall takes a pointer to off_t rather than a value, so on little-endian systems, everything appears to work as long as the offset value fits in the low 31 bits. on big-endian systems, though, sendfile was presumably completely non-functional.
2014-05-27fix sys_open macro for archs without the plain open syscallRich Felker-4/+4
2014-05-27fix placement of multiple inclusion guard endif in internal syscall.hRich Felker-2/+2
this was messed up during a recent commit when the socketcall macros were moved to the common internal/syscall.h, and the following commit expanded the problem by adding more new content outside the guard.
2014-05-24support kernels with no SYS_open syscall, only SYS_openatRich Felker-0/+18
open is handled specially because it is used from so many places, in so many variants (2 or 3 arguments, setting errno or not, and cancellable or not). trying to do it as a function would not only increase bloat, but would also risk subtle breakage. this is the first step towards supporting "new" archs where linux lacks "old" syscalls.
2014-04-17make socketcall types common as they are same for all architecturesTimo Teräs-0/+23
2014-04-12use hidden visibility rather than protected for syscall internalsRich Felker-1/+1
the use of visibility at all is purely an optimization to avoid the need for the caller to load the GOT register or similar to prepare for a call via the PLT. there is no reason for these symbols to be externally visible, so hidden works just as well as protected, and using protected visibility is undesirable due to toolchain bugs and the lack of testing it receives. in particular, GCC's microblaze target is known to generate symbolic relocations in the GOT for functions with protected visibility. this in turn results in a dynamic linker which crashes under any nontrivial usage that requires making a syscall before symbolic relocations are processed.
2014-02-23mostly-cosmetic fixups to x32 port mergeRich Felker-5/+2
2014-02-22internal/syscall.h: add syscall_arg_t macrorofl0r-6/+11
some 32-on-64 archs require that the actual syscall args be long long. in that case syscall_arch.h can define syscall_arg_t to whatever it needs and syscall.h picks it up. all other archs just use long as usual.
2014-02-22internal/syscall.h: use a macro for the syscall args castsrofl0r-13/+17
this allows syscall_arch.h to define the macro __scc if special casting is needed, as is the case for x32, where the actual syscall arguments are 64bit, but, in case of pointers, would get sign-extended and thus become invalid.
2013-07-17fix missing argument in variadic syscall macrosRich Felker-1/+1
for 0-argument syscalls (1 argument to the macro, the syscall number), the __SYSCALL_NARGS_X macro's ... argument was not satisfied. newer compilers seem to care about this.
2012-10-25use explicit visibility to optimize a few hot-path function callsRich Felker-3/+5
on x86 and some other archs, functions which make function calls which might go through a PLT incur a significant overhead cost loading the GOT register prior to making the call. this load is utterly useless in musl, since all calls are bound at library-creation time using -Bsymbolic-functions, but the compiler has no way of knowing this, and attempts to set the default visibility to protected have failed due to bugs in GCC and binutils. this commit simply manually assigns hidden/protected visibility, as appropriate, to a few internal-use-only functions which have many callers, or which have callers that are hot paths like getc/putc. it shaves about 5k off the i386 with -Os. many of the improvements are in syscall wrappers, where the benefit is just size and performance improvement is unmeasurable noise amid the syscall overhead. however, stdio may be measurably faster. if in the future there are toolchains that can do the same thing globally without introducing linking bugs, it might be worth considering removing these workarounds.
2012-09-09add 7-arg syscall support for mipsRich Felker-2/+3
no syscalls actually use that many arguments; the issue is that some syscalls with 64-bit arguments have them ordered badly so that breaking them into aligned 32-bit half-arguments wastes slots with padding, and a 7th slot is needed for the last argument.
2012-09-08syscall organization overhaulRich Felker-5/+138
now public syscall.h only exposes __NR_* and SYS_* constants and the variadic syscall function. no macros or inline functions, no __syscall_ret or other internal details, no 16-/32-bit legacy syscall renaming, etc. this logic has all been moved to src/internal/syscall.h with the arch-specific parts in arch/$(ARCH)/syscall_arch.h, and the amount of arch-specific stuff has been reduced to a minimum. changes still need to be reviewed/double-checked. minimal testing on i386 and mips has already been performed.
2011-05-01workaround for preprocessor bug in pccRich Felker-7/+7
with this patch, musl compiles and mostly works with pcc 1.0.0. a few tests are still failing and i'm uncertain whether they are due to portability problems in musl, or bugs in pcc, but i suspect the latter.
2011-04-17overhaul pthread cancellationRich Felker-0/+14
this patch improves the correctness, simplicity, and size of cancellation-related code. modulo any small errors, it should now be completely conformant, safe, and resource-leak free. the notion of entering and exiting cancellation-point context has been completely eliminated and replaced with alternative syscall assembly code for cancellable syscalls. the assembly is responsible for setting up execution context information (stack pointer and address of the syscall instruction) which the cancellation signal handler can use to determine whether the interrupted code was in a cancellable state. these changes eliminate race conditions in the previous generation of cancellation handling code (whereby a cancellation request received just prior to the syscall would not be processed, leaving the syscall to block, potentially indefinitely), and remedy an issue where non-cancellable syscalls made from signal handlers became cancellable if the signal handler interrupted a cancellation point. x86_64 asm is untested and may need a second try to get it right.
2011-03-20global cleanup to use the new syscall interfaceRich Felker-22/+0
2011-03-19syscall overhaul part two - unify public and internal syscall interfaceRich Felker-0/+32
with this patch, the syscallN() functions are no longer needed; a variadic syscall() macro allows syscalls with anywhere from 0 to 6 arguments to be made with a single macro name. also, manually casting each non-integer argument with (long) is no longer necessary; the casts are hidden in the macros. some source files which depended on being able to define the old macro SYSCALL_RETURNS_ERRNO have been modified to directly use __syscall() instead of syscall(). references to SYSCALL_SIGSET_SIZE and SYSCALL_LL have also been changed. x86_64 has not been tested, and may need a follow-up commit to fix any minor bugs/oversights.
2011-02-15move arch-specific internal headers into placeRich Felker-500/+0
2011-02-13cleaning up syscalls in preparation for x86_64 portRich Felker-9/+40
- hide all the legacy xxxxxx32 name cruft in syscall.h so the actual source files can be clean and uniform across all archs. - cleanup llseek/lseek and mmap2/mmap handling for 32/64 bit systems - alternate implementation for nice if the target lacks nice syscall
2011-02-12initial check-in, version 0.5.0v0.5.0Rich Felker-0/+469